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Lorenzo Magnani [95]L. Magnani [44]Lorenza Magnani [1]Luigi Magnani [1]
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  1.  4
    The Abductive Structure of Scientific Creativity.Lorenzo Magnani - 2017 - Springer Verlag.
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  2.  20
    Abductive Cognition: The Epistemological and Eco-Cognitive Dimensions of Hypothetical Reasoning.Lorenzo Magnani - 2009 - Springer Verlag.
    Theoretical and manipulative abduction conjectures and manipulations : the extra-theoretical dimension of scientific discovery. -- Non-explanatory and instrumental abduction : plausibility, implausibility, ignorance preservation. -- Semiotic brains and artificial minds : how brains make up material cognitive systems. -- Neuromultimodal abduction : pre-wired brains, embidiment, neurospaces. -- Animal abduction : from mindless organisms to srtifactual mediators. -- Abduction, affordances, and cognitive niches : sharing representations and creating chances through cognitive niche construction. -- Abduction in human and logical agents : hasty (...)
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  3. Abduction, Reason, and Science.L. Magnani - 2001 - Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
     
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  4.  56
    Model-Based Reasoning in Scientific Discovery.L. Magnani, N. J. Nersessian & P. Thagard (eds.) - 1999 - Kluwer/Plenum.
    The book Model-Based Reasoning in Scientific Discovery, aims to explain how specific modeling practices employed by scientists are productive methods of ...
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  5.  42
    Morality in a Technological World: Knowledge as Duty.Lorenzo Magnani - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    The technological advances of contemporary society have outpaced our moral understanding of the problems that they create. How will we deal with profound ecological changes, human cloning, hybrid people, and eroding cyberprivacy, just to name a few issues? In this book, Lorenzo Magnani argues that existing moral constructs often cannot be applied to new technology. He proposes an entirely different ethical approach, one that blends epistemology with cognitive science. The resulting moral strategy promises renewed dignity for overlooked populations, both of (...)
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  6.  14
    The Eco-Cognitive Model of Abduction.Lorenzo Magnani - 2015 - Journal of Applied Logic 13 (3):285-315.
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  7.  15
    Naturalizing Logic.Lorenzo Magnani - 2015 - Journal of Applied Logic 13 (1):13-36.
  8. Abduction, Reason, and Science Processes of Discovery and Explanation.Lorenzo Magnani - 2001
     
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  9.  44
    An Epistemological Analysis of Gossip and Gossip-Based Knowledge.Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani - 2014 - Synthese 191 (17):4037-4067.
    Gossip has been the object of a number of different studies in the past 50 years, rehabilitating it not only as something worth being studied, but also as a pivotal informational and social structure of human cognition: Dunbar (Rev Gen Psychol 8(2):100–110, 2004) interestingly linked the emergence of language to nothing less than its ability to afford gossip. Different facets of gossip were analyzed by anthropologists, linguists, psychologists and philosophers, but few attempts were made to frame gossip within an epistemological (...)
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  10.  4
    The Urgent Need of a Naturalized Logic.Lorenzo Magnani - 2018 - Philosophies 3 (4):44--0.
    The naturalization of logic aims at a revision of mainstream logic. In this article, I contend it is an urgent task to be completed. This new project will permit a new collaboration between logic and cognitive science. This can be accomplished doing for logic what many decades ago Quine and other philosophers undertook in the case of epistemology. First of all, this article analyzes how the naturalization can be achieved thanks to some insights provided by the recent John Woods’ book (...)
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  11. Model-Based Reasoning: Science, Technology, Values.L. Magnani & N. J. Nersessian (eds.) - 2002 - Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.
     
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  12.  21
    Theoretical Considerations on Cognitive Niche Construction.Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani - 2017 - Synthese 194 (12):4757-4779.
    Cognitive niche theories consist in a theoretical framework that is proving extremely profitable in bridging evolutionary biology, philosophy, cognitive science, and anthropology by offering an inter-disciplinary ground, laden with novel approaches and debates. At the same time, cognitive niche theories are multiple, and differently related to niche theories in theoretical and evolutionary biology. The aim of this paper is to clarify the theoretical and epistemological relationships between cognitive and ecological niche theories. Also, by adopting a constructionist approach we will try (...)
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  13.  7
    Model-Based Creative Abduction.L. Magnani - 1999 - In L. Magnani, N. J. Nersessian & P. Thagard (eds.), Model-Based Reasoning in Scientific Discovery. Academic/Plenum Publishers. pp. 219--238.
  14.  53
    A Philosophical and Evolutionary Approach to Cyber-Bullying: Social Networks and the Disruption of Sub-Moralities.Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani - 2013 - Ethics and Information Technology 15 (4):285-299.
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  15.  10
    The Antinomies of Serendipity How to Cognitively Frame Serendipity for Scientific Discoveries.Selene Arfini, Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani - forthcoming - Topoi:1-10.
    During the second half of the last century, the importance of serendipitous events in scientific frameworks has been progressively recognized, fueling hard debates about their role, nature, and structure in philosophy and sociology of science. Alas, while discussing the relevance of the topic for the comprehension of the nature of scientific discovery, the philosophical literature has hardly paid attention to the cognitive significance of serendipity, accepting rather than examining some of its most specific features, such as its game-changing effect, the (...)
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  16. Epistemic Mediators and Model-Based Discovery in Science.L. Magnani - 2002 - In L. Magnani & N. J. Nersessian (eds.), Model-Based Reasoning: Science, Technology, Values. Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. pp. 305--329.
     
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  17.  46
    Perceiving the Infinite and the Infinitesimal World: Unveiling and Optical Diagrams in Mathematics. [REVIEW]Lorenzo Magnani & Riccardo Dossena - 2005 - Foundations of Science 10 (1):7-23.
    Many important concepts of the calculus are difficult to grasp, and they may appear epistemologically unjustified. For example, how does a real function appear in “small” neighborhoods of its points? How does it appear at infinity? Diagrams allow us to overcome the difficulty in constructing representations of mathematical critical situations and objects. For example, they actually reveal the behavior of a real function not “close to” a point (as in the standard limit theory) but “in” the point. We are interested (...)
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  18.  4
    Is Abduction Ignorance-Preserving? Conventions, Models, and Fictions in Science.L. Magnani - 2013 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 21 (6):882--914.
  19.  92
    Model-Based and Manipulative Abduction in Science.Lorenzo Magnani - 2004 - Foundations of Science 9 (3):219-247.
    What I call theoretical abduction (sentential and model-based)certainly illustrates much of what is important in abductive reasoning, especially the objective of selecting and creating a set of hypotheses that are able to dispense good (preferred) explanations of data, but fails to account for many cases of explanation occurring in science or in everyday reasoning when the exploitation of the environment is crucial. The concept of manipulative abduction is devoted to capture the role of action in many interesting situations: action provides (...)
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  20.  34
    The Appeal of Gossiping Fallacies and its Eco-Logial Roots.Emanuele Bardone & Lorenzo Magnani - 2010 - Pragmatics and Cognition 18 (2):365-396.
    In this paper we show how some reasoning, though fallacious, can appear to be attractive and useful for beings-like-us. Although they do not provide conclusive evidence to support or reject a certain claim the way scientific statements do, they tell us something interesting about how humans build up their arguments and reasons. First of all, we will consider and investigate three main types of fallacies: argumentum ad hominem , argumentum ad verecundiam , and argumentum ad populum . These three fallacies (...)
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  21. Mathematics Through Diagrams: Microscopes in Non-Standard and Smooth Analysis.R. Dossena & L. Magnani - 2007 - In L. Magnani & P. Li (eds.), Model-Based Reasoning in Science, Technology, and Medicine. Springer. pp. 193--213.
     
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  22. An Eco-Cognitive Model of Ignorance Immunization.Lorenzo Magnani & Selene Arfini - 2015 - In Woosuk Park, Ping Li & Lorenzo Magnani (eds.), Philosophy and Cognitive Science Ii. Springer Verlag.
     
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  23. Perceiving the Infinite and the Infinitesimal World: Unveiling and Optical Diagrams and the Construction of Mathematical Concepts.L. Magnani & R. Dossena - 2005 - Foundations of Science 10:7--23.
  24.  3
    Philosophy and Geometry.L. Magnani - 2001 - Kluwer Academic Publisher.
    The total irrelevance of absolute space to scientific observation and experiment led him early to a most radical conclusion: experience cannot teach us anything about the true structure of space; consequently, the choice of a geometry for the ...
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  25. Philosophy and Geometry Theoretical and Historical Issues.Lorenzo Magnani - 2001
     
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  26.  4
    The Appeal of Gossiping Fallacies and its Eco-Logical Roots.Emanuele Bardone & Lorenzo Magnani - 2010 - Pragmatics and Cognition 18 (2):365-396.
    In this paper we show how some reasoning, though fallacious, can appear to be attractive and useful for beings-like-us. Although they do not provide conclusive evidence to support or reject a certain claim the way scientific statements do, they tell us something interesting about how humans build up their arguments and reasons. First of all, we will consider and investigate three main types of fallacies:argumentum ad hominem,argumentum ad verecundiam, andargumentum ad populum. These three fallacies are traditionally considered as examples of (...)
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  27.  44
    Understanding Violence: The Intertwining of Morality, Religion and Violence: A Philosophical Stance.Lorenzo Magnani - 2011 - Springer Verlag.
    This volume sets out to give a philosophical "applied" account of violence, engaged with both empirical and theoretical debates in other disciplines such as cognitive science, sociology, psychiatry, anthropology, political theory, ...
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  28.  13
    An Abductive Theory of Scientific Reasoning.Lorenzo Magnani - 2005 - Semiotica 2005 (153 - 1/4):261-286.
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  29.  12
    Cognitive Autoimmunity Knowledge, Ignorance and Self-Deception.Selene Arfini & Lorenzo Magnani - 2016 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 24 (1).
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  30.  41
    MODEL-BASED REASONING IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY.Lorenzo Magnani, Walter Carnielli & Claudio Pizzi (eds.) - 2010 - Springer.
    This volume is based on the papers presented at the international conference Model-Based Reasoning in Science and Technology (MBR09_BRAZIL), held at the University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil, December 2009. The presentations given at the conference explored how scientific cognition, but several other kinds as well, use models, abduction, and explanatory reasoning to produce important or creative changes in theories and concepts. Some speakers addressed the problem of model-based reasoning in technology, and stressed the issue of science and technological innovation. (...)
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  31.  6
    The Eco-Cognitive Model of Abduction II.Lorenzo Magnani - 2016 - Journal of Applied Logic 15:94-129.
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  32. On the Representational Role of the Environment and on the Cognitive Nature of Manipulations.Alberto Gatti & Lorenzo Magnani - 2005 - In L. Magnani & R. Dossena (eds.), Computing, Philosophy and Cognition. pp. 227--242.
  33.  14
    Special Issue: Formal Representations in Model-Based Reasoning and Abduction.Lorenzo Magnani, Walter Carnielli & Claudio Pizzi - 2012 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 20 (2):367-369.
    This is the preface of the special Issue: Formal Representations in Model-based Reasoning and Abduction, published at the Logic Jnl IGPL (2012) 20 (2): 367-369. doi: 10.1093/jigpal/jzq055 First published online: December 20, 2010.
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  34.  4
    Mimetic Minds. Meaning Formation Through Epistemic Mediators and External Representations.L. Magnani - 2006 - In A. Loula, R. Gudwin & J. Queiroz (eds.), Artificial Cognition Systems. Idea Group Publishers. pp. 327-357.
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  35.  38
    Conjectures and Manipulations. Computational Modeling and the Extra- Theoretical Dimension of Scientific Discovery.Lorenzo Magnani - 2004 - Minds and Machines 14 (4):507-538.
    Computational philosophy (CP) aims at investigating many important concepts and problems of the philosophical and epistemological tradition in a new way by taking advantage of information-theoretic, cognitive, and artificial intelligence methodologies. I maintain that the results of computational philosophy meet the classical requirements of some Peircian pragmatic ambitions. Indeed, more than a 100 years ago, the American philosopher C.S. Peirce, when working on logical and philosophical problems, suggested the concept of pragmatism(pragmaticism, in his own words) as a logical criterion to (...)
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  36.  9
    Sharing Representations and Creating Chances Through Cognitive Niche Construction. The Role of Affordances and Abduction.L. Magnani & E. Bardone - 2008 - In S. Iwata, Y. Oshawa, S. Tsumoto, N. Zhong, Y. Shi & L. Magnani (eds.), Communications and Discoveries From Multidisciplinary Data. Springer. pp. 3--40.
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  37.  12
    Contemporary Finance as a Critical Cognitive Niche.Tommaso Bertolotti & Lorenzo Magnani - 2015 - Mind and Society 14 (2):273-293.
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  38. Model-Based Reasoning in Science, Technology, and Medicine.L. Magnani & P. Li (eds.) - 2007 - Springer.
     
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  39.  50
    Morphodynamical Abduction. Causation by Attractors Dynamics of Explanatory Hypotheses in Science.Lorenzo Magnani & Matteo Piazza - 2005 - Foundations of Science 10 (1):107-132.
    Philosophers of science today by and large reject the cataclysmic and irrational interpretation of the scientific enterprise claimed by Kuhn. Many computational models have been implemented to rationally study the conceptual change in science. In this recent tradition a key role is played by the concept of abduction as a mechanism by which new explanatory hypotheses are introduced. Nevertheless some problems in describing the most interesting abductive issues rise from the classical computational approach. It describes a cognitive process (and so (...)
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  40.  6
    Artificial Minds: How Brains Make Up.Lorenzo Magnani - 2007 - In R. Gudwin & J. Queiroz (eds.), Semiotics and Intelligent Systems Development. Idea Group. pp. 1.
  41. Semiotic Brains and Artificial Minds. How Brains Make Up Material Cognitive Systems.L. Magnani - 2007 - In R. Gudwin & J. Queiroz (eds.), Semiotics and Intelligent Systems Development. Idea Group. pp. 1--41.
  42.  44
    Distributed Morality: Externalizing Ethical Knowledge in Technological Artifacts. [REVIEW]Lorenzo Magnani & Emanuele Bardone - 2008 - Foundations of Science 13 (1):99-108.
    Technology moves us to a better world. We contend that through technology people can simplify and solve moral tasks when they are in presence of incomplete information and possess a diminished capacity to act morally. Many external things, usually inert from the moral point of view, can be transformed into the so-called moral mediators. Hence, not all of the moral tools are inside the head, many of them are shared and distributed in “external” objects and structures which function as ethical (...)
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  43. Preface.Lorenzo Magnani & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2001 - Mind and Society 2 (2):29-32.
  44.  12
    Ignorance-Preserving Mental Models Thought Experiments as Abductive Metaphors.Selene Arfini, Claudia Casadio & Lorenzo Magnani - 2019 - Foundations of Science 24 (2):391-409.
    In this paper, we aim at explaining the relevance of thought experiments in philosophy and the history of science by describing them as particular instances of two categories of creative thinking: metaphorical reasoning and abductive cognition. As a result of this definition, we will claim that TEs hold an ignorance-preserving trait that is evidenced in both TEs inferential structure and in the process of scenario creation they presuppose. Elaborating this thesis will allow us to explain the wonder that philosophers of (...)
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  45.  8
    Abducing Personal Data, Destroying Privacy.Lorenzo Magnani - 2013 - In Mireille Hildebrandt & Katja De Vries (eds.), Privacy, Due Process and the Computational Turn. Routledge. pp. 67.
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  46. On Atocha Aliseda Abductive Reasoning.Atocha Aliseda, Johan van Benthem, Lorenzo Magnani, Angel Nepomuceno-Fernandez, Fernando Soler Toscano, Joke Meheus, Dagmar Provijn, John Woods, Silvio Pinto & Ilkka Niiniluoto - 2007 - Theoria 22 (60).
  47.  79
    Logic and Abduction: Cognitive Externalizations in Demonstrative Environments.Lorenzo Magnani - 2007 - Theoria 22 (3):275-284.
    In her book Abductive Reasoning Atocha Aliseda (2006) stresses the attention to the logical models of abduction, centering on the semantic tableaux as a method for extending and improving both the whole cognitive/philosophical view on it and on other more restricted logical approaches. I will provide further insight on two aspects. The first is re-lated to the importance of increasing logical knowledge on abduction: Aliseda clearly shows how the logical study on abduction in turn helps us to extend and modernize (...)
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  48. Communications and Discoveries From Multidisciplinary Data.S. Iwata, Y. Oshawa, S. Tsumoto, N. Zhong, Y. Shi & L. Magnani (eds.) - 2008 - Springer.
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  49.  5
    Reasoning Through Doing. Epistemic Mediators in Scientific Discovery.Lorenzo Magnani - 2004 - Journal of Applied Logic 2 (4):439-450.
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  50. Abductive Reasoning: Philosophical and Educational Perspectives in Medicine.L. Magnani - 1992 - In D. A. Evans & V. L. Patel (eds.), Advanced Models of Cognition for Medical Training and Practice. Springer. pp. 21--41.
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