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Leroy Walters [22]Lee Walters [19]L. Walters [9]Lori Walters [3]
Lori J. Walters [3]Lawrence G. Walters [1]L. Melissa Walters [1]Lisa Walters [1]

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Lee Walters
University of Southampton
  1. Are The Statue and The Clay Mutual Parts?Lee Walters - 2017 - Noûs:23-50.
    Are a material object, such as a statue, and its constituting matter, the clay, parts of one another? One wouldn't have thought so, and yet a number of philosophers have argued that they are. I review the arguments for this surprising claim showing how they all fail. I then consider two arguments against the view concluding that there are both pre-theoretical and theoretical considerations for denying that the statue and the clay are mutual parts.
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  2. Repeatable Artworks as Created Types.Lee Walters - 2013 - British Journal of Aesthetics 53 (4):461-477.
    I sketch here an intuitive picture of repeatable artworks as created types, which are individuated in part by historical paths (re)production. Although attractive, this view has been rejected by a number of authors on the basis of general claims about abstract objects. On consideration, however, these general claims are overgeneralizations, which whilst true of some abstracta, are not true of all abstract objects, and in particular, are not true of created types. The intuitive picture of repeatable artworks as created types (...)
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  3. An Argument for Conjunction Conditionalization.Lee Walters & Robert Williams - 2013 - Review of Symbolic Logic 6 (4):573-588.
    Are counterfactuals with true antecedents and consequents automatically true? That is, is Conjunction Conditionalization: if (X & Y), then (X > Y) valid? Stalnaker and Lewis think so, but many others disagree. We note here that the extant arguments for Conjunction Conditionalization are unpersuasive, before presenting a family of more compelling arguments. These arguments rely on some standard theorems of the logic of counterfactuals as well as a plausible and popular semantic claim about certain semifactuals. Denying Conjunction Conditionalization, then, requires (...)
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  4. Fictionality and Imagination, Revisited.Lee Walters - 2017 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 75 (1):15-21.
    I present and discuss a counterexample to Kendall Walton's necessary condition for fictionality that arises from considering serial fictions. I argue that although Walton has not in fact provided a necessary condition for fictionality, a more complex version of Walton's condition is immune from the counterexample.
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  5. Morgenbesser's Coin and Counterfactuals with True Components.Lee Walters - 2009 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 109 (1pt3):365-379.
    Is A & C sufficient for the truth of ‘if A were the case, C would be the case’? Jonathan Bennett thinks not, although the counterexample he gives is inconsistent with his own account of counterfactuals. In any case, I argue that anyone who accepts the case of Morgenbesser's coin, as Bennett does, should reject Bennett’s counterexample. Moreover, I show that the principle underlying his counterexample is unmotivated and indeed false. More generally, I argue that Morgenbesser’s coin commits us to (...)
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  6. Possible World Semantics and True-True Counterfactuals.Lee Walters - 2016 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 97 (3):322-346.
    The standard semantics for counterfactuals ensures that any counterfactual with a true antecedent and true consequent is itself true. There have been many recent attempts to amend the standard semantics to avoid this result. I show that these proposals invalidate a number of further principles of the standard logic of counterfactuals. The case against the automatic truth of counterfactuals with true components does not extend to these further principles, however, so it is not clear that rejecting the latter should be (...)
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  7. Against Hypothetical Syllogism.Lee Walters - 2014 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 43 (5):979-997.
    The debate over Hypothetical Syllogism is locked in stalemate. Although putative natural language counterexamples to Hypothetical Syllogism abound, many philosophers defend Hypothetical Syllogism, arguing that the alleged counterexamples involve an illicit shift in context. The proper lesson to draw from the putative counterexamples, they argue, is that natural language conditionals are context-sensitive conditionals which obey Hypothetical Syllogism. In order to make progress on the issue, I consider and improve upon Morreau’s proof of the invalidity of Hypothetical Syllogism. The improved proof (...)
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  8. Conditionals, Modals, and Hypothetical Syllogism.Lee Walters - 2014 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 3 (1):90-97.
    Moti Mizrahi (2013) presents some novel counterexamples to Hypothetical Syllogism (HS) for indicative conditionals. I show that they are not compelling as they neglect the complicated ways in which conditionals and modals interact. I then briefly outline why HS should nevertheless be rejected.
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  9. Reply to Ahmed.Lee Walters - 2011 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 111 (1pt1):123-133.
    I reply to Ahmed’s rejection (2011) of my argument (Walters 2009) that all counterfactuals with true antecedents and consequents are themselves true.
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  10. Ethical Theory and Bioethics.Tom L. Beauchamp & L. Walters - forthcoming - Contemporary Issues in Bioethics.
     
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  11.  88
    Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research: An Intercultural Perspective.LeRoy Walters - 2004 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (1):3-38.
    : In 1998, researchers discovered that embryonic stem cells could be derived from early human embryos. This discovery has raised a series of ethical and public-policy questions that are now being confronted by multiple international organizations, nations, cultures, and religious traditions. This essay surveys policies for human embryonic stem cell research in four regions of the world, reports on the recent debate at the United Nations about one type of such research, and reviews the positions that various religious traditions have (...)
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  12.  1
    Margaret Cavendish: Gender, Science and Politics.Lisa Walters - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    It is often thought that the numerous contradictory perspectives in Margaret Cavendish's writings demonstrate her inability to reconcile her feminism with her conservative, royalist politics. In this book Lisa Walters challenges this view and demonstrates that Cavendish's ideas more closely resemble republican thought, and that her methodology is the foundation for subversive political, scientific and gender theories. With an interdisciplinary focus Walters closely examines Cavendish's work and its context, providing the reader with an enriched understanding of women's contribution to early (...)
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  13. Serial Fiction, the End?Lee Walters - 2015 - British Journal of Aesthetics 55 (3):323-341.
    Andrew McGonigal presents some interesting data concerning truth in serial fictions.1 Such data has been taken by McGonigal, Cameron and Caplan to motivate some form of contextualism or relativism. I argue, however, that many of these approaches are problematic, and that all are under-motivated as the data can be explained in a standard invariantist semantic framework given some independently plausible principles.
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  14. The Invalidity of the Argument From Illusion.Craig French & Lee Walters - 2018 - American Philosophical Quarterly (4):357-364.
    The argument from illusion attempts to establish the bold claim that we are never perceptually aware of ordinary material objects. The argument has rightly received a great deal critical of scrutiny. But here we develop a criticism that, to our knowledge, has not hitherto been explored. We consider the canonical form of the argument as it is captured in contemporary expositions. There are two stages to our criticism. First, we show that the argument is invalid. Second, we identify premises that (...)
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  15.  81
    Public Stem Cell Banks: Considerations of Justice in Stem Cell Research and Therapy.Ruth R. Faden, Liza Dawson, Alison S. Bateman-House, Dawn Mueller Agnew, Hilary Bok, Dan W. Brock, Aravinda Chakravarti, Xiao-Jiang Gao, Mark Greene, John A. Hansen, Patricia A. King, Stephen J. O'Brien, David H. Sachs, Kathryn E. Schill, Andrew Siegel, Davor Solter, Sonia M. Suter, Catherine M. Verfaillie, LeRoy B. Walters & John D. Gearhart - 2003 - Hastings Center Report 33 (6):13-27.
    If stem cell-based therapies are developed, we will likely confront a difficult problem of justice: for biological reasons alone, the new therapies might benefit only a limited range of patients. In fact, they might benefit primarily white Americans, thereby exacerbating long-standing differences in health and health care.
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  16.  24
    The Oversight of Human Gene Transfer Research.LeRoy Walters - 2000 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 10 (2):171-174.
  17.  12
    Ethics and New Reproductive Technologies: An International Review of Committee Statements.LeRoy Walters - 1987 - Hastings Center Report 17 (3):3-9.
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  18.  41
    Genetics and Bioethics: How Our Thinking has Changed Since 1969.LeRoy Walters - 2012 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (1):83-95.
    In 1969, the field of human genetics was in its infancy. Amniocentesis was a new technique for prenatal diagnosis, and a newborn genetic screening program had been established in one state. There were also concerns about the potential hazards of genetic engineering. A research group at the Hastings Center and Paul Ramsey pioneered in the discussion of genetics and bioethics. Two principal techniques have emerged as being of enduring importance: human gene transfer research and genetic testing and screening. This essay (...)
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  19. Introduction to Ethics.Tom Beauchamp & L. Walters - 1989 - Contemporary Issues in Bioethics. 3rd Ed. Belmont, Ca: Wadsworth 1989:1-43.
     
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  20.  10
    The United Nations and Human Cloning: A Debate on Hold.LeRoy Walters - 2004 - Hastings Center Report 34 (1):5-6.
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  21.  14
    Some Ethical Issues in Research Involving Human Subjects.LeRoy Walters, Carlos A. Schaffenburg & Samuel Stearns - 1977 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 20 (2):193-214.
  22.  28
    Commissions and Bioethics.LeRoy Walters - 1989 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (4):363-368.
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  23.  19
    Current and Future Issues in Assisted Reproduction.LeRoy Walters - 1996 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 6 (4):383-387.
    The last quarter of the twentieth century has given rise to reproductive technologies and arrangements that in the earlier part of the century could only be dreamed of by the authors of science fiction. We stand in the middle of this reproductive revolution, trying to cope with the developments that have already occurred but with an uneasy sense that the future may be even more complicated ethically than the past and the present. In this brief essay, I will survey recent (...)
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  24.  7
    Human In Vitro Fertilization: A Review of the Ethical Literature. [REVIEW]Leroy Walters - 1979 - Hastings Center Report 9 (4):23-43.
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  25. Euthanasia and the Prolongation of Life.Tom L. Beauchamp & L. Walters - forthcoming - Contemporary Issues in Bioethics.
     
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  26. Justice in the Distribution of Health Care.T. L. Beauchamp & L. Walters - forthcoming - Contemporary Issues in Bioethics, 4th Edn. Belmont, Ca: Wadsworth.
     
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  27.  6
    Case Studies in Bioethics: The Unwanted Child: Caring for the Fetus Born Alive After an Abortion.Sissela Bok, Bernard N. Nathanson, David C. Nathan & Leroy Walters - 1976 - Hastings Center Report 6 (5):10.
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  28.  11
    Preliminary Data on US DNA-Based Patents and Plans for a Survey of Licensing Practices.R. M. Cook-Deegan, L. Walters, Lori Pressman, Derrick Pau, Stephen McCormack, Janella Gatchalian & Richard Burges - 2003 - In Bartha Maria Knoppers (ed.), Populations and Genetics: Legal and Socio-Ethical Perspectives. Martinus Nijhoff.
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  29. Booknote-Sourcebook in Bioethics: A Documentary History.Albert R. Jonsen, Robert M. Veatch, LeRoy Walters & Udo Schuklenk - 1999 - Bioethics 13 (5):454-455.
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  30. Gene Therapy: Ethical and Social Issues.E. Juengst & L. Walters - forthcoming - Encyclopedia of Bioethics.
     
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  31. Review of Brock and Everett (Eds.) Fictional Objects. [REVIEW]Lee Walters - forthcoming - British Journal of Aesthetics.
  32.  6
    Fetal Research: Response to the Recommendations.David W. Louisell, Karen Lebacqz, Richard A. McCormick, LeRoy Walters & Paul Menzel - 1975 - Hastings Center Report 5 (5):9-16.
  33.  14
    David A. J. Richards.Ruth Macklin, George Annas, Daniel Callahan, Leon Kass & LeRoy Walters - 1994 - In Peter Singer (ed.), Ethics. Oxford University Press.
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  34.  91
    The Moral Significance of AIDS.T. F. Murphy & L. Walters - 1994 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 19 (6):519-524.
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  35.  13
    Ethics in the Accounting Curriculum.Teresa M. Pergola & L. Melissa Walters - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 14:199-228.
    Academic accrediting/standard-setting bodies and the accounting profession view the continued emergence of reputation-damaging ethical transgressions within the accounting profession as a failure of accounting education to effectively implement necessary reforms. Although accounting educators have proposed various frameworks and instructional methods for improving ethics education, accounting still lags behind other professions in the moral development of aspiring professionals. The purpose of this paper is to provide a model for an enhanced ethics course developed for an accounting curriculum. The model course was (...)
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  36.  12
    A Moral Context for Social ResearchEthical Issues in Social ResearchEthics of Human Subject ResearchSocial Research EthicsThe Ethics of Social Research: Fieldwork, Regulation and PublicationThe Ethics of Social Research: Surveys and Experiments.Gideon Sjoberg, Ted R. Vaughan, Tom L. Beauchamp, Ruth R. Faden, R. Jay Wallace, LeRoy Walters, Allan J. Kimmel, Martin Bulmer & Joan E. Sieber - 1983 - Hastings Center Report 13 (2):44.
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  37. Braun Defended.Lee Walters - 2011 - The Reasoner 5 (8):124-125.
    I defend Braun's gappy proposition view from two objections.
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  38.  3
    Codex and Context: Reading Old French Verse Narrative in ManuscriptKeith Busby.Lori J. Walters - 2003 - Speculum 78 (4):1260-1263.
  39.  29
    Conditionals, Paradox, and Probability: Themes From the Philosophy of Dorothy Edgington.Lee Walters & John Hawthorne (eds.) - 2021 - Oxford, England: Oxford University press.
    A festschrift for Dorothy Edgington, containing contributions from Cleo Condoravdi, Dorothy Edgington, Kit Fine, Alan Hájek, John Hawthorne, Sabine Iatridou, Nick Jones, Rosanna Keefe, Angelika Kratzer, David Over, Daniel Rothschild, Robert Stalnaker, Scott Sturgeon, and Timothy Williamson.
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  40.  18
    Case Studies in Bioethics: Sterilizing the Retarded Child.Leroy Walters - 1976 - Hastings Center Report 6 (2):13-15.
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  41.  9
    Do the Perils of Patenting Outweigh the Plusses?LeRoy Walters - 1985 - Hastings Center Report 15 (1):48-48.
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  42.  97
    Editor's Introduction.L. Walters - 1985 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 10 (3):209-212.
    In the summer of 1997 one could scarcely enter a bookstore in Beijing without encountering Wang Xiaobo's pensive and defiant look on the cover of dozens of books displayed at the entrance. Wang had suddenly died in the spring of that year at the age of forty-five. Born in Beijing in 1952 to a family of intellectuals, he remained attached to China's capital despite periods of separation, such as during the Cultural Revolution, when he was sent to Yunnan to "learn (...)
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  43.  17
    Ethical Issues in Experimentation on the Human Fetus.LeRoy Walters - 1974 - Journal of Religious Ethics 2 (1):33 - 54.
    This essay explores some moral problems raised by experimentation involving the human fetus. In the first part of the essay three examples of fetal experimentation from the medical literature are described in some detail. Next, the ethical and legal arguments employed in the two major existing public policy-documents on fetal experimentation are analyzed. Finally, the author seeks to identify four fundamental presuppositions which underlie divergent normative positions on the problem of fetal experimentation.
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  44.  13
    Ethical Issues in Human Gene Therapy.Leroy Walters - 1990 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 2 (4):267-74.
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  45. Female Figures in the Illustrated Manuscripts of Le Conte du Graal and its Continuations: Ladies, Saints, Spectators, Mediators.Lori Walters - 1999 - Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 81 (3):7-54.
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  46.  12
    Fetal Research & the Ethical Issues.Leroy Walters - 1975 - Hastings Center Report 5 (3):13-18.
  47. Final Report of the AD Hoc Committee: The Use of Medical Records for Research at Georgetown University.LeRoy Walters - 1981 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 3 (3):1.
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  48.  24
    Review of 'The Aesthetics and Ethics of Copying'. Hick, Darren Hudson and Reinhold Schmücker, Eds. London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2016, XX + 408 Pp., 1 B&W Illus., £28.99 Paper. [REVIEW]Lee Walters - 2019 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 77 (3):345-349.
    A review of 'The aesthetics and ethics of copying'. Hick, Darren Hudson and Reinhold Schmücker, eds.
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  49.  66
    Introduction to Conditionals, Paradox, and Probability: Themes From the Philosophy of Dorothy Edgington.Lee Walters - 2021 - In Lee Walters & John Hawthorne (eds.), Conditionals, Paradox, and Probability: Themes from the Philosophy of Dorothy Edgington. Oxford University press.
    Dorothy Edgington’s work has been at the centre of a range of ongoing debates in philosophical logic, philosophy of mind and language, metaphysics, and epistemology. This work has focused, although by no means exclusively, on the overlapping areas of conditionals, probability, and paradox. In what follows, I briefly sketch some themes from these three areas relevant to Dorothy’s work, highlighting how some of Dorothy’s work and some of the contributions of this volume fit in to these debates.
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  50.  16
    John C. Fletcher 1931-2004.LeRoy Walters - 2004 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 14 (3):vii-viii.
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