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  1.  20
    The Public Health Workforce and Willingness to Respond to Emergencies: A 50‐State Analysis of Potentially Influential Laws.Lainie Rutkow, Jon S. Vernick, Maxim Gakh, Jennifer Siegel, Carol B. Thompson & Daniel J. Barnett - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (1):64-71.
    Law plays a critical role in all stages of a public health emergency, providing an infrastructure for planning, response, and recovery efforts. A growing body of research has underscored the potential for certain types of state laws, such as those granting liability protections to responders, to influence the public health workforce's participation in emergency responses. It is therefore especially important to focus on particular state-level laws that may be associated with individuals' increased or decreased willingness to respond. We conducted a (...)
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  2.  8
    The Public Health Workforce and Willingness to Respond to Emergencies: A 50-State Analysis of Potentially Influential Laws.Lainie Rutkow, Jon S. Vernick, Maxim Gakh, Jennifer Siegel, Carol B. Thompson & Daniel J. Barnett - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (1):64-71.
    Law plays a critical role in all stages of a public health emergency, including planning, response, and recovery. Public health emergencies introduce health concerns at the population level through, for example, the emergence of a novel infectious disease. In the United States, at the federal, state, and local levels, laws provide an infrastructure for public health emergency preparedness and response efforts: they grant the government the ability to officially declare an emergency, authorize responders to act, and facilitate interjurisdictional coordination. Law (...)
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  3.  21
    Limited Liability and the Public's Health.Lainie Rutkow & Stephen P. Teret - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (4):599-608.
    Corporations, through their products and behaviors, exert a strong effect on the well-being of populations. Industries including frearms, motor vehicles, tobacco, and alcohol produce and market products negatively impact public health. All of these industries are composed of corporations, which are legal fctions designed to provide limited exposure to liability, through a variety of mechanisms, for their investors and directors. This means that when actions are taken on behalf of a corporate entity, the individuals responsible generally will not face personal (...)
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  4.  14
    Limited Liability and the Public's Health.Lainie Rutkow & Stephen P. Teret - 2007 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 35 (4):599-608.
    Corporations, through their products and behaviors, exert a strong effect on the wellbeing of populations. Public health practitioners and academics have long recognized the harms associated with some corporations’ products. For example, firearms are associated with approximately 30,000 deaths in the United States each year1 and over 200,000 deaths globally. Motor vehicles are associated with about 40,000 deaths in the United States each year and over 1.2 million deaths globally. Tobacco products kill about 438,000 people each year in the United (...)
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  5.  12
    Preemption and the Obesity Epidemic: State and Local Menu Labeling Laws and the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act.Lainie Rutkow, Jon S. Vernick, James G. Hodge & Stephen P. Teret - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (4):772-789.
    Worldwide, obesity has become a major cause of preventable death, disease, and disability. While the epidemic of obesity is a significant public health issue in many developed nations, the United States has the highest prevalence of obesity among adults and children internationally. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey estimates that over 60 percent of U.S. adults are overweight or obese. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, “overweight” refers to adults whose body mass index, a number calculated (...)
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  6.  2
    Litigation Provides Clues to Ongoing Challenges in Implementing Insurance Parity.Kelsey Berry, Haiden Huskamp, Lainie Rutkow, Howard Goldman & Colleen Barry - 2017 - Journal of Health Politics, Policy, and Law 6 (42).
    Over the past twenty-five years, thirty-seven states and the US Congress have passed mental health and substance use disorder (MH/SUD) parity laws to secure nondiscriminatory insurance coverage for MH/SUD services in the private health insurance market and through certain public insurance programs. However, in the intervening years, litigation has been brought by numerous parties alleging violations of insurance parity. We examine the critical issues underlying these legal challenges as a framework for understanding the areas in which parity enforcement is lacking, (...)
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  7.  8
    Lessons From Public Health Legal Preparedness to Operationalize Health in All Policies.Maxim Gakh & Lainie Rutkow - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (3):392-401.
    The Health in All Policies approach aims to integrate health into decisions across sectors to address the social determinants of health and enhance health equity. Jurisdictions interested in implementing this approach may seek clarification about how to operationalize it. Public health legal preparedness provides useful lessons for HiAP. While there are important differences between these two areas, there are also critical similarities. These similarities are particularly important because HiAP and public health preparedness are complementary. Law has been essential in advancing (...)
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  8.  14
    Emergency Preparedness and Response for Disabled Individuals: Implications of Recent Litigation.Lainie Rutkow, Holly A. Taylor & Lance Gable - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (S1):91-94.
    In an emergency, challenges faced by disabled individuals may be exacerbated by ineffective communication, power outages, transportation shortcomings, and inhospitable shelters. During Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, Gulf Coast shelters did not routinely provide closed captioning or sign language interpreters; for individuals with auditory disabilities, understanding instructions issued in these shelters was extremely difficult. Individuals with mobility-related disabilities experienced challenges evacuating from their homes due to public transportation that could not accommodate wheelchairs. After the hurricanes, difficulties arose in identifying wheelchair-accessible trailers (...)
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  9.  16
    Employer Requirements to Work During Emergency Responses: Key Ethics Considerations.Lainie Rutkow, Holly A. Taylor & Tia Powell - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (s1):73-76.
    Local health departments and their employees are at the forefront of emergency preparedness and response. Yet, recent studies have found that some local public health workers are unwilling to report to work in a variety of disaster scenarios. This can greatly compromise a response, as many local health departments need “all hands on deck” to effectively meet increased demands. To address these concerns, local health departments have employed varied policy strategies to ensure that employees do report to work. After describing (...)
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  10.  6
    Preemption and the Obesity Epidemic: State and Local Menu Labeling Laws and the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act.Lainie Rutkow, Jon S. Vernick, James G. Hodge & Stephen P. Teret - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (4):772-789.
    Obesity is widely recognized as a preventable cause of death and disease. Reducing obesity among adults and children has become a national health goal in the United States. As one approach to the obesity epidemic, public health practitioners and others have asserted the need to provide consumers with information about the foods they eat. Some state and local governments across the United States have introduced menu labeling bills and regulations that require restaurants to post information, such as calorie content, for (...)
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  11.  14
    Protecting the Mental Health of First Responders: Legal and Ethical Considerations.Lainie Rutkow, Lance Gable & Jonathan M. Links - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (s1):56-59.
    The public safety, human services, health, and relief workers who comprise the first wave of a response to natural or man-made disasters play a critical role in emergency preparedness. These first responders provide care and services in the immediate aftermath of emergencies and may remain in affected communities for weeks or months. They often work long hours under stressful conditions, witnessing the human harms, physical destruction, and psychological devastation that can accompany disasters.
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  12.  14
    Protecting the Mental Health of First Responders: Legal and Ethical Considerations.Lainie Rutkow, Lance Gable & Jonathan M. Links - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (s1):56-59.
    The public safety, human services, health, and relief workers who comprise the first wave of a response to natural or man-made disasters play a critical role in emergency preparedness. These first responders provide care and services in the immediate aftermath of emergencies and may remain in affected communities for weeks or months. They often work long hours under stressful conditions, witnessing the human harms, physical destruction, and psychological devastation that can accompany disasters.
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  13.  11
    Using the Law to Promote the Mental Health of Older Adults During Disasters.Lainie Rutkow, Jon S. Vernick, Adam P. Spira & Daniel J. Barnett - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (s1):80-83.
    When a disaster occurs, adults over age 65 may be disproportionately impacted due to sensory deficits, chronic health conditions, diminished social support and isolation, and financial limitations. Although older adults comprised approximately 15 percent of the New Orleans population, they accounted for over 70 percent of the fatalities associated with Hurricane Katrina in 2005. Disasters can also impact older adults’ morbidity, as a disaster may disrupt established habits and routines and result in removal from a familiar environment, promoting disorientation. This (...)
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  14.  6
    U.S. State Ignition Interlock Laws for Alcohol Impaired Driving Prevention: A 50 State Survey and Analysis.Juliana Shulman-Laniel, Jon S. Vernick, Beth McGinty, Shannon Frattaroli & Lainie Rutkow - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (2):221-230.
    Objectives:Over the past two decades, all U.S. states have incorporated alcohol ignition interlock technology into sentencing laws for individuals convicted of driving while intoxicated. This article provides the first 50-state summary of these laws to include changes in the laws over time and their effective dates. This information is critical for policy makers to make informed decisions and for researchers to conduct quantitative evaluation of the laws.Methods:Standard legal research and legislative history techniques were used, including full-text searches in the Westlaw (...)
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  15.  17
    Mental Health Emergency Detentions and Access to Firearms.Jon S. Vernick, Emma E. McGinty & Lainie Rutkow - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (S1):76-78.
    Following the tragic shootings in Newtown, Aurora, Isla Vista and others, increased national attention has focused on the relationship between mental illness and gun violence. While some have called for enhanced regulation of firearm possession by persons with mental illness, others have argued that such actions would be ineffective and enhance stigma associated with mental illness while discouraging treatment seeking.
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