Results for 'Lance A. Davis'

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  1.  58
    Davidson's Conceptual Argument for Rational Cognition: Wayne A. Davis.Wayne A. Davis - 1997 - Legal Theory 3 (2):205-210.
    According to Jules Coleman, Rational Choice Theory holds that human action is both intentional and rational. “The rationality of intentional action is evaluated along the two dimensions corresponding to the two elements of the belief-desire model.” On the belief-dimension, RC Theory assumes that people are “able to draw appropriate inferences from the information they possess.”.
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  2.  19
    A Defence of the Free Will Defence: STEPHEN T. DAVIS.Stephen T. Davis - 1972 - Religious Studies 8 (4):335-344.
    In this paper I shall discuss a certain theodicy, or line of argument in response to the problem of evil, viz, the so-called ‘free will defence’. What I propose to do is defend this theodicy against an objection that has been made to it in recent years.
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  3.  55
    William E. Davis, Jr., and Jerome A. Jackson, Eds., Contributions to the History of North American Ornithology.Frederick R. Davis - 1997 - Journal of the History of Biology 30 (3):488-489.
  4. Anselm And Question-Begging: A Reply To William Rowe'S Comments On Professor Davis' 'Does The Ontological Argument Beg The Question'.Stephen T. Davis - 1976 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7:448-457.
  5.  7
    Cross Slip and the Plastic Deformation of NaCl Single and Polycrystals at High Pressure.Erdem Aladag, Lance A. Davis & Robert B. Gordon - 1970 - Philosophical Magazine 21 (171):469-478.
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  6. Pressure and Strain Rate Dependence of Dynamic Recovery in NaCl.Lance A. Davis - 1971 - Philosophical Magazine 23 (183):623-632.
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  7.  6
    The National Research Fund: A Case Study in the Industrial Support of Academic Science. [REVIEW]Lance E. Davis & Daniel J. Kevles - 1974 - Minerva 12 (2):207-220.
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  8.  10
    Late Nineteenth-Century American Development. A General Equilibrium History.Lance E. Davis & Jeffrey G. Williamson - 1976 - History and Theory 15 (3):322.
  9.  7
    Warner on Enjoyment: A Rejoinder.Wayne A. Davis - 1986 - Philosophy Research Archives 12:553-555.
    In ‘Davis on Enjoyment: A Reply’, Richard Warner replies to three objections against his ‘Enjoyment’ that I raised in my ‘A Causal Theory of Enjoyment’, and concludes that one of my examples in fact demonstrates a serious deficiency of my own account. I argue that Warner’s replies to my objections are unsatisfactory, and that his objection to my account had a ready solution.
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  10.  7
    CSA Shareholder Food Lifestyle Behaviors: A Comparison Across Consumer Groups.Jairus Rossi, James E. Allen, Timothy A. Woods & Alison F. Davis - 2017 - Agriculture and Human Values 34 (4):855-869.
    Community supported agriculture programs are transforming the way people relate to food and agriculture. Many researchers have considered the transformative potential of CSAs on economic, social, and environmental relations. They illustrate how participants are embedded in broader political economic transformations. The same focus, however, has not been given to CSAs’ transformative impact on individual shareholders—especially in terms of their relationship to food and health. We draw together literatures from behavioral economics, econometrics, and political ecology to evaluate the potential impacts of (...)
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  11. Thinking Like an Engineer: Studies in the Ethics of a Profession.Michael Davis - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    Michael Davis, a leading figure in the study of professional ethics, offers here both a compelling exploration of engineering ethics and a philosophical analysis of engineering as a profession. After putting engineering in historical perspective, Davis turns to the Challenger space shuttle disaster to consider the complex relationship between engineering ideals and contemporary engineering practice. Here, Davis examines how social organization and technical requirements define how engineers should (and presumably do) think. Later chapters test his analysis of (...)
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  12.  48
    Issue-Contingent Effects on Ethical Decision Making: A Cross-Cultural Comparison. [REVIEW]Mark A. Davis, Nancy Brown Johnson & Douglas G. Ohmer - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (4):373-389.
    This experiment examined the effects of three elements comprising Jones' (1991) moral intensity construct, (social consensus, personal proximity, and magnitude of consequences) in a cross-cultural comparison of ethical decision making within a human resource management (HRM) context. Results indicated social consensus had the most potent effect on judgments of moral concern and judgments of immorality. An analysis of American, Eastern European, and Indonesian responses also indicted socio-cultural differences were moderated by the type of HRM ethical issue. In addition, individual differences (...)
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  13.  77
    Measuring Ethical Ideology in Business Ethics: A Critical Analysis of the Ethics Position Questionnaire. [REVIEW]Mark A. Davis, Mark G. Andersen & Mary B. Curtis - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 32 (1):35 - 53.
    Individual differences in ethical ideology are believed to play a key role in ethical decision making. Forsyths (1980) Ethics Position Questionnaire (EPQ) is designed to measure ethical ideology along two dimensions, relativism and idealism. This study extends the work of Forsyth by examining the construct validity of the EPQ. Confirmatory factor analyses conducted with independent samples indicated three factors – idealism, relativism, and veracity – account for the relationships among EPQ items. In order to provide further evidence of the instruments (...)
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  14. A Causal Theory of Intending.Wayne A. Davis - 1984 - American Philosophical Quarterly 21 (1):43-54.
    My goal is to define intending. I defend the view that believing and desiring something are necessary for intending it. They are not sufficient, however, for some things we both expect and want (e.g., the sun to rise tomorrow) are unintendable. Restricting the objects of intention to our own future actions is unwarranted and unhelpful. Rather, the belief involved in intending must be based on the desire in a certain way. En route, I argue that expected but unwanted consequences are (...)
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  15.  6
    CSA Shareholder Food Lifestyle Behaviors: A Comparison Across Consumer Groups.Alison F. Davis, Timothy A. Woods, James E. Allen & Jairus Rossi - 2017 - Agriculture and Human Values 34 (4):855-869.
    Community supported agriculture programs are transforming the way people relate to food and agriculture. Many researchers have considered the transformative potential of CSAs on economic, social, and environmental relations. They illustrate how participants are embedded in broader political economic transformations. The same focus, however, has not been given to CSAs’ transformative impact on individual shareholders—especially in terms of their relationship to food and health. We draw together literatures from behavioral economics, econometrics, and political ecology to evaluate the potential impacts of (...)
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  16.  41
    The Individual in Mainstream Health Economics: A Case of Persona Non-Grata. [REVIEW]John B. Davis & Robert McMaster - 2007 - Health Care Analysis 15 (3):195-210.
    This paper is motivated by Davis’ [14] theory of the individual in economics. Davis’ analysis is applied to health economics, where the individual is conceived as a utility maximiser, although capable of regarding others’ welfare through interdependent utility functions. Nonetheless, this provides a restrictive and flawed account, engendering a narrow and abstract conception of care grounded in Paretian value and Cartesian analytical frames. Instead, a richer account of the socially embedded individual is advocated, which employs collective intentionality analysis. (...)
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  17.  69
    The Rationality of Resurrection for Christians: A Rejoinder.Stephen T. Davis - 2000 - Philo 3 (1):41-51.
    The present paper is a rejoinder to Michael Martin’s “Reply to Davis”, which was a response to my “Is Belief in theResurrection Rational? A Response to Michael Martin”, which was itself a response to Martin’s “Why the Resurrection is Initially Improbable”, which in turn was a critique of various of my own writings on resurrection, especially Risen Indeed: Making Sense of the Resurrection.
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  18.  18
    Philosophy as a Basis for Policy and Practice: What Confidence Can We Have in Philosophical Analysis and Argument?James C. Conroy, Robert A. Davis & Penny Enslin - 2008 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 42 (s1):165-182.
    The purpose of this article is to suggest how philosophy might play a key, if precisely delineated, role in the shaping of policy that leads educational development. The argument begins with a reflection on the nature of confidence in the relationship between philosophy and policy. We note the widespread resistance to abstract theorising in the policy community, disguising the enormous potential of a philosophical approach. Defending a philosophically equipped approach to policy, which is inevitably theoretically laden, we argue that philosophical (...)
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  19.  64
    Identity Problems: An Interview with John B. Davis.Thomas R. Wells & John B. Davis - 2012 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 5 (2):81-103.
    In this interview, professor Davis discusses the evolution of his career and research interests as a philosopher-economist and gives his perspective on a number of important issues in the field. He argues that historians and methodologists of economics should be engaged in the practice of economics, and that historians should be more open to philosophical analysis of the content of economic ideas. He suggests that the history of recent economics is a particularly fruitful and important area for research exactly (...)
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  20.  17
    Informed Dissent: The View of a Disabled Woman.A. Davis - 1986 - Journal of Medical Ethics 12 (2):75-76.
    Madeleine Simms begins her article by saying that it will attempt to `redress the balance' of views on the conflicting rights of handicapped children and their parents. I, on the other hand, will argue that no semblance of a balance has yet been achieved, and that her questions and conclusions merely serve to tip the scales further away from a genuine rights-based theory to a pragmatic utilitarian assessment of individual `worth'.
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  21.  31
    Divine Omniscience and Human Freedom: STEPHEN T. DAVIS.Stephen T. Davis - 1979 - Religious Studies 15 (3):303-316.
    Theists typically believe the following two propositions: God is omniscient, and Human beings are free. Are they consistent? In order to decide, we must first ask what they mean. Roughly, let us say that a being is omniscient if for any proposition he knows whether it is true or false. Since I have no wish to deny that there are true and false propositions about future states of affairs , omniscience includes foreknowledge, which we can say is knowledge of the (...)
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  22.  34
    A Conversation with Lewis Gordon on Race in Australia.Danielle Davis - 2008 - Clr James Journal 14 (1):296-303.
    Danielle Davis : Firstly, I wonder if you could briefly outline your position on mixed race identities. Are they desirable? My concern about these categories/identities is they present US with a double-edged sword. That is, on the one hand they perhaps enable difference, yet they also have the capacity to erase it. Lewis Gordon : The first part of the question is loaded, Danielle. When you say "desirable", what follows are other questions. "To whom?" "In what sense?" "For what (...)
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  23.  34
    Fuzzy Studies a Symposium on the Consequence of Blur Part 1.Jeffrey M. Perl, Natalie Zemon Davis & Barry Allen - 2011 - Common Knowledge 17 (3):441-449.
    In this introduction to Part 1 of the Common Knowledge symposium, “Fuzzy Studies,” the journal's editor discusses four essays from the 1980s by Richard Rorty, in which Rorty chose to associate himself with various neopragmatists, Continental thinkers, and “left-wing Kuhnians” under the rubric of the “new fuzziness.” The term had been introduced as an insult by a philosopher of science with positivist leanings, but Rorty took it up as an “endearing” compliment, arguing that “to be less fuzzy” was also to (...)
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  24.  18
    Informed Consent in a Multicultural Cancer Patient Population: Implications for Nursing Practice.D. M. Barnes, A. J. Davis, T. Moran, C. J. Portillo & B. A. Koenig - 1998 - Nursing Ethics 5 (5):412-423.
    Obtaining informed consent, an ethical obligation of nurses and other health care providers, occurs routinely when patients make health care decisions. The values underlying informed consent (promotion of patients’ well-being and respect for their self-determination) are embedded in the dominant American culture. Nurses who apply the USA’s cultural values of informed consent when caring for patients who come from other cultures encounter some ethical dilemmas. This descriptive study, conducted with Latino, Chinese and Anglo-American cancer patients in a large, public, west-coast (...)
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  25.  23
    Risk: A Philosophical Introduction to the Theory of Risk Evaluation and Management.Wayne A. Davis - 1986 - Review of Metaphysics 39 (3):579-580.
    Risk is defined as "the chancing of negativity." Its magnitude depends on the value of the negativity and its probability. The value of a negativity is characterized as depending on its qualitative character, its quantitative extent, and its timing. Being multidimensional, negativities are objectively incommensurable. They are subjectively comparable, however, since people "ascribe" values to negativities. Some evaluations are nevertheless more rational or normal than others. Estimates of probability are characterized as fallible and to some extent personal, since statistical data (...)
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  26.  9
    Is It a Name or a Fact? Disambiguation of Reference Via Exclusivity and Pragmatic Reasoning.Stephanie A. Malone, Marina Kalashnikova & Erin M. Davis - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (8):2095-2107.
    Adults reason by exclusivity to identify the meanings of novel words. However, it is debated whether, like children, they extend this strategy to disambiguate other referential expressions. To further inform this debate, this study tested 41 adults on four conditions of a disambiguation task: label/label, fact/fact, label/fact, and fact/label. Participants also provided a verbal explanation for their referent selections to tease apart the underlying processes. Results indicated that adults successfully discerned the target object in the label/label and label/fact condition, yet (...)
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  27. Reviewing the Review: A Qualitative Assessment of the Peer Review Process in Surgical Journals.Thomas A. Aloia, Charles M. Balch, Jeffrey E. Lee, Mark S. Roh, O. James Garden, Keith D. Lillemoe, Kevin E. Behrns, Barbara L. Bass & Catherine H. Davis - 2018 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 3 (1).
    BackgroundDespite rapid growth of the scientific literature, no consensus guidelines have emerged to define the optimal criteria for editors to grade submitted manuscripts. The purpose of this project was to assess the peer reviewer metrics currently used in the surgical literature to evaluate original manuscript submissions.MethodsManuscript grading forms for 14 of the highest circulation general surgery-related journals were evaluated for content, including the type and number of quantitative and qualitative questions asked of peer reviewers. Reviewer grading forms for the seven (...)
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  28.  7
    Emotional Expressions Evoke a Differential Response in the Fusiform Face Area.Bronson Harry, Mark A. Williams, Chris Davis & Jeesun Kim - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  29. Abu-Akel, A., 263.A. L. Bailey, A. Caramazza, S. Carey, P. Cavanagh, A. Costa, G. Davis, S. Dehaene, J. Driver, J. Feldman & E. Freeman - 2001 - Cognition 80:299.
     
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  30.  12
    The Relationship Between Death Anxiety and Level of Self-Esteem: A Reassessment.Victoria L. Buzzanga, Holly R. Miller, Sharon E. Perne, Julie A. Sander & Stephen F. Davis - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (6):570-572.
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  31.  14
    A Preliminary Investigation Into the Source of Odor-Cue Production.Melanie S. Weaver, David A. Whiteside, Walter C. Janzen, Scott A. Moore & Stephen F. Davis - 1982 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 19 (5):284-286.
  32.  9
    Rehabilitation Services Following Total Joint Replacement: A Qualitative Analysis of Key Processes and Structures to Decrease Length of Stay and Increase Surgical Volumes in Ontario, Canada.Carol Fancott, Susan Jaglal, Victoria Quan, Katherine Berg, Cheryl A. Cott, Aileen Davis, John Flannery, Gillian Hawker, Michel D. Landry, Nizar N. Mahomed & Elizabeth Badley - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (4):724-730.
  33.  4
    A Triangulated Qualitative Study of Veteran Decision-Making to Seek Care During Heart Failure Exacerbation: Implications of Dual Health System Use.Charlene A. Pope, Boyd H. Davis, Leticia Wine, Lynne S. Nemeth & Robert N. Axon - 2018 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 55:004695801775150.
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  34. Is There a Right to the Death of the Foetus?Eric Mathison & Jeremy Davis - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (4):313-320.
    At some point in the future – perhaps within the next few decades – it will be possible for foetuses to develop completely outside the womb. Ectogenesis, as this technology is called, raises substantial issues for the abortion debate. One such issue is that it will become possible for a woman to have an abortion, in the sense of having the foetus removed from her body, but for the foetus to be kept alive. We argue that while there is a (...)
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  35.  2
    The Emergence of Discrete Perceptual-Motor Units in a Production Model That Assumes Holistic Phonological Representations.Maya Davis & Melissa A. Redford - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  36. A Theory of Happiness.Wayne A. Davis - 1981 - American Philosophical Quarterly 18 (2):111-20.
  37.  40
    A Causal Theory of Enjoyment.Wayne A. Davis - 1982 - Mind 91 (April):240-256.
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  38. The Functional Prerequisites of a Society.D. F. Aberle, A. K. Cohen, A. K. Davis, Levy & F. X. Sutton - 1949 - Ethics 60 (2):100 - 111.
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  39.  38
    Steinbeck: A Collection of Critical EssaysDocuments of 20th-Century ArtApollinaire on ArtArt of the Ancient World17th and 18th Century ArtWinckelmann Writings on ArtArt as Therapy with Children. [REVIEW]Marc Bornstein, Robert M. Davis, M. Jean, L. C. Breunig, H. A. Groenewegen-Frankfort, B. Ashmole, Julius S. Held, Donald Posner, David Irwing & Edith Kramer - 1972 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 31 (1):135.
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  40.  14
    A Preliminary Analysis of the Suppressive Effects of Denatonium Saccharide.Stephen F. Davis, Lisa A. Cunningham, Tom J. Burke, M. Melissa Richard, William M. Langley & John Theis - 1986 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (3):229-232.
  41.  11
    Shock-Elicited Attack and Biting as a Function of Chronic Vs. Acute Insulin Injection.Stephen F. Davis, Elaine L. Cronin, Jerry A. Meriwether, Jerry Neideffer & Mary Nell Travis-Neideffer - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 12 (2):149-151.
  42.  10
    A Continuous Random Network Model with Three-Fold Coordination.G. N. Greaves & E. A. Davis - 1974 - Philosophical Magazine 29 (5):1201-1206.
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  43.  6
    Defensive Burying as a Function of Insulin-Induced Hypoglycemia and Type of Aversive Stimulation.Stephen F. Davis & Shala A. Rossheim - 1980 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 16 (3):229-231.
  44.  17
    Effects of a Protein- and Tryptophan-Deficient Diet Upon Complex Maze Performance.Angela H. Becker, Stephen F. Davis, Cathy A. Grover & Cynthia A. Erickson - 1990 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (2):126-128.
  45.  12
    Prolactin in Man: A Tale of Two Promoters.Sarah Gerlo, Julian R. E. Davis, Dixie L. Mager & Ron Kooijman - 2006 - Bioessays 28 (10):1051-1055.
    The pituitary hormone prolactin (PRL) is best known for its role in the regulation of lactation. Recent evidence furthermore indicates PRL is required for normal reproduction in rodents. Here, we report on the insertion of two transposon-like DNA sequences in the human prolactin gene, which together function as an alternative promoter directing extrapituitary PRL expression. Indeed, the transposable elements contain transcription factor binding sites that have been shown to mediate PRL transcription in human uterine decidualised endometrial cells and lymphocytes. We (...)
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  46.  6
    The Effects of a Tryptophan- and Protein-Deficient Diet Upon Growth in Rats.Angela H. Becker, Stephen F. Davis, Cathy A. Grover & Cynthia A. Erickson - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (4):345-347.
  47.  21
    A Comparison of the Aversiveness of Denatonium Saccharide and Quinine in Humans.Stephen F. Davis, Cathy A. Grover & Cynthia A. Erickson - 1987 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 25 (6):462-463.
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  48.  7
    Conditioning and Retention of Defensive Burying as a Function of Elavil and Thorazine Injection.Stephen F. Davis, David A. Whiteside, Virginia A. Dickson, Roger L. Thomas & Douglas G. Heck - 1981 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 17 (2):107-110.
  49.  34
    Effects of Prior Serial Learning of Solution Words Upon Anagram Problem Solving: A Serial Position Effect.Gary A. Davis & Mary E. Manske - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (1):101.
  50.  14
    Nurses and Physicians on Nutritional Support: A Comparison.J. Liaschenko & A. J. Davis - 1991 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 16 (3):259-283.
    During the last decade, several court cases have focused attention on the moral and legal aspects of withholding or withdrawing food and fluids from certain patients. The courts have not been unanimous in their judgments on these matters. In attempting to explore this issue, this article reviews both the nursing and medical literature on the withdrawing and withholding of food and fluids with particular attention to empirical studies. Several themes which emerge from the literature are used to explore the similarities (...)
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