Results for 'Landon T. Detwiler'

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  1. A Strategy for Improving and Integrating Biomedical Ontologies.Cornelius Rosse, Anand Kumar, Jose L. V. Mejino, Daniel L. Cook, Landon T. Detwiler & Barry Smith - 2005 - In Proceedings of the Annual Symposium of the American Medical Informatics Association. AMIA. pp. 639-643.
    The integration of biomedical terminologies is indispensable to the process of information integration. When terminologies are linked merely through the alignment of their leaf terms, however, differences in context and ontological structure are ignored. Making use of the SNAP and SPAN ontologies, we show how three reference domain ontologies can be integrated at a higher level, through what we shall call the OBR framework (for: Ontology of Biomedical Reality). OBR is designed to facilitate inference across the boundaries of domain ontologies (...)
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  2. Proceedings of AMIA Symposium.Rosse Cornelius, Kumar Anand, Mejino Jose Leonardo, V. Cook, Dan Detwiler, T. Landon & Smith Barry - 2002 - .
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  3.  54
    What Fools We Were.Landon Schurtz - 2010 - The Philosophers' Magazine 49 (49):93-97.
    Don didn’t grasp what would eventually come to be one of the most successful ad campaigns ever because he didn’t recognise the person presenting the evidence as being appropriately trustworthy. He failed to know because Dr Guttman’s say-so was not enough to provide justification for a belief. But why would he think that? To get to the bottom of this, we need the help of an analytical approach known as standpoint theory.
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  4.  5
    What Fools We Were.Landon Schurtz - 2010 - The Philosophers' Magazine 49:93-97.
    Don didn’t grasp what would eventually come to be one of the most successful ad campaigns ever because he didn’t recognise the person presenting the evidence as being appropriately trustworthy. He failed to know because Dr Guttman’s say-so was not enough to provide justification for a belief. But why would he think that? To get to the bottom of this, we need the help of an analytical approach known as standpoint theory.
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  5.  69
    Health Research Ethics Committees in South Africa 12 Years Into Democracy.Myer Landon & Moodley Keymanthri - 2007 - BMC Medical Ethics 8 (1):1-8.
    Background Despite the growth of biomedical research in South Africa, there are few insights into the operation of Research Ethics Committees (RECs) in this setting. We investigated the composition, operations and training needs of health RECs in South Africa against the backdrop of national and international guidelines. Methods The 12 major health RECs in South Africa were surveyed using semi-structured questionnaires that investigated the composition and functions of each REC as well as the operational issues facing committees. Results Health RECs (...)
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  6.  65
    The Genealogy of ‘∨’.Landon D. C. Elkind & Richard Zach - 2022 - Review of Symbolic Logic:1-38.
    The use of the symbol ∨ for disjunction in formal logic is ubiquitous. Where did it come from? The paper details the evolution of the symbol ∨ in its historical and logical context. Some sources say that disjunction in its use as connecting propositions or formulas was introduced by Peano; others suggest that it originated as an abbreviation of the Latin word for “or”, vel. We show that the origin of the symbol ∨ for disjunction can be traced to Whitehead (...)
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  7.  36
    I–T. M. Scanlon.T. M. Scanlon - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):301-317.
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  8. Dangerous Reference Graphs and Semantic Paradoxes.Landon Rabern, Brian Rabern & Matthew Macauley - 2013 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (5):727-765.
    The semantic paradoxes are often associated with self-reference or referential circularity. Yablo (Analysis 53(4):251–252, 1993), however, has shown that there are infinitary versions of the paradoxes that do not involve this form of circularity. It remains an open question what relations of reference between collections of sentences afford the structure necessary for paradoxicality. In this essay, we lay the groundwork for a general investigation into the nature of reference structures that support the semantic paradoxes and the semantic hypodoxes. We develop (...)
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  9.  7
    Nietzsche and the Politics of Aristocratic Radicalism.Bruce Detwiler - 1990 - University of Chicago Press.
  10. The T-Schema is Not a Logical Truth.R. T. Cook - 2012 - Analysis 72 (2):231-239.
    It is shown that the logical truth of instances of the T-schema is incompatible with the formal nature of logical truth. In particular, since the formality of logical truth entails that the set of logical truths is closed under substitution, the logical truth of T-schema instances entails that all sentences are logical truths.
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  11.  22
    Can’T Philosophers Tell the Difference Between Science and Religion?: Demarcation Revisited.Robert T. Pennock - 2011 - Synthese 178 (2):177-206.
    In the 2005 Kitzmiller v Dover Area School Board case, a federal district court ruled that Intelligent Design creationism was not science, but a disguised religious view and that teaching it in public schools is unconstitutional. But creationists contend that it is illegitimate to distinguish science and religion, citing philosophers Quinn and especially Laudan, who had criticized a similar ruling in the 1981 McLean v. Arkansas creation-science case on the grounds that no necessary and sufficient demarcation criterion was possible and (...)
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  12.  3
    A History of Indian Philosophy.Kenneth Perry Landon - 1941 - Journal of Philosophy 38 (1):22-25.
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  13.  4
    Cartesian Aseity in the Third Meditation.Landon McBrayer - 2018 - Journal of Analytic Theology 6:217-233.
    The notion that something can exist a se is central to Descartes’s overall metaphysics of causation. In the Meditations, divine aseity plays the role of explaining not only God’s existence but ultimately the existence of everything else apart from God. Yet in the Meditations proper, as well as in the early Replies, Descartes does little to clarify exactly what his view of divine aseity is and how it might differ from the sort of aseity commonly posited by the Scholastics. Despite (...)
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  14. Heartbreak at Hilbert's Hotel.Landon Hedrick - 2014 - Religious Studies 50 (1):27-46.
    William Lane Craig's defence of the kalam cosmological argument rests heavily on two philosophical arguments against a past-eternal universe. In this article I take issue with one of these arguments, what I call the – namely, that the metaphysical absurdity of an actually infinite number of things existing precludes the possibility of a beginningless past. After explaining this argument, I proceed to raise some initial doubts. After setting those aside, I show that the argument is ineffective against proponents of presentism. (...)
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  15.  41
    Natural Kinds: T. E. Wilkerson.T. E. Wilkerson - 1988 - Philosophy 63 (243):29-42.
    What is a natural kind ? As we shall see, the concept of a natural kind has a long history. Many of the interesting doctrines can be detected in Aristotle, were revived by Locke and Leibniz, and have again become fashionable in recent years. Equally there has been agreement about certain paradigm examples: the kinds oak, stickleback and gold are natural kinds, and the kinds table, nation and banknote are not. Sadly agreement does not extend much further. It is impossible (...)
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  16.  5
    Once More to the Hotel.Landon Hedrick - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (1):18-29.
    William Lane Craig's defence of the so-called ‘Hilbert's Hotel Argument’ for the beginning of the universe seems to be in conflict with his own presentist views, as I argued in my earlier article ‘Heartbreak at Hilbert's Hotel’. In response, Andrew Loke has defended a modified version of the argument which avoids this problem, and this defence has been endorsed by Craig. After clarifying the dialectic, I argue in this article that Loke's modification is not as straightforwardly successful as he and (...)
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  17. The Greatest Happiness Principle*: T. L. S. Sprigge.T. L. S. Sprigge - 1991 - Utilitas 3 (1):37-51.
    My purpose in what follows is not so much to defend the basic principle of utilitarianism as to indicate the form of it which seems most promising as a basic moral and political position. I shall take the principle of utility as offering a criterion for two different sorts of evaluation: first, the merits of acts of government, social policies, and social institutions, and secondly, the ultimate moral evaluation of the actions of individuals. I do not take it as implying (...)
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  18. It Seems Like There Aren’T Any Seemings.T. Ryan Byerly - 2012 - Philosophia 40 (4):771-782.
    Abstract I argue that the two primary motivations in the literature for positing seemings as sui generis mental states are insufficient to motivate this view. Because of this, epistemological views which attempt to put seemings to work don’t go far enough. It would be better to do the same work by appealing to what makes seeming talk true rather than simply appealing to seeming talk. Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-12 DOI 10.1007/s11406-012-9363-8 Authors T. Ryan Byerly, Department of Philosophy, Baylor (...)
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  19.  21
    T. Cloelius of Tarracina.T. P. Wiseman - 1967 - The Classical Review 17 (03):263-264.
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  20.  80
    T. J. Luce : Livy: The Rise of Rome. Books 1–5 Pp. Xxx + 372, 2 Maps. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. Paper, £8.99. ISBN: 0-19-282296-9. [REVIEW]T. Davina McClain - 2000 - The Classical Review 50 (1):304-305.
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  21.  63
    Omnipotence: P. T. Geach.P. T. Geach - 1973 - Philosophy 48 (183):7-20.
    It is fortunate for my purposes that English has the two words ‘almighty’ and ‘omnipotent’, and that apart from any stipulation by me the words have rather different associations and suggestions. ‘Almighty’ is the familiar word that comes in the creeds of the Church; ‘omnipotent’ is at home rather in formal theological discussions and controversies, e.g. about miracles and about the problem of evil. ‘Almighty’ derives by way of Latin ‘omnipotens’ from the Greek word ‘ pantokratōr ’; and both this (...)
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  22.  43
    An Argument for Completely General Facts.Landon D. C. Elkind - 2021 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 9 (7).
    In his 1918 logical atomism lectures, Russell argued that there are no molecular facts. But he posed a problem for anyone wanting to avoid molecular facts: we need truth-makers for generalizations of molecular formulas, but such truth-makers seem to be both unavoidable and to have an abominably molecular character. Call this the problem of generalized molecular formulas. I clarify the problem here by distinguishing two kinds of generalized molecular formula: incompletely generalized molecular formulas and completely generalized molecular formulas. I next (...)
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  23.  10
    Back to Basics: Application of the Principles of Bioethics to Heritable Genome Interventions.Landon J. Getz & Graham Dellaire - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (5):2735-2748.
    Prior to their announcement of the birth of gene-edited twins in China, Dr. He Jiankui and colleagues published a set of draft ethical principles for discussing the legal, social, and ethical aspects of heritable genome interventions. Within this document, He and colleagues made it clear that their goal with these principles was to “clarify for the public the clinical future of early-in-life genetic surgeries” or heritable genome editing. In light of He’s widely criticized gene editing experiments it is of interest (...)
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  24.  39
    T. W. Allen's Odyssey. [REVIEW]T. L. Agar - 1909 - The Classical Review 23 (2):50-53.
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    T. W. Allen's Odyssey. [REVIEW]T. L. Agar - 1918 - The Classical Review 32 (7-8):184-185.
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  26. Regan, T., "Bloomsbury's Prophet". [REVIEW]T. Baldwin - 1988 - Mind 97:129.
     
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  27.  78
    Substance Abuse.Landon Frim & Harrison Fluss - 2018 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (1):191-217.
    This paper will set out in plain language the basic ontology of “Deleuze’s Spinoza”; it will then critically examine whether such a Spinoza has, or indeed could have, ever truly existed. In this, it will be shown that Deleuze’s reading of Spinoza involves the imposition of three interlocking, formal principles. These are Necessitarianism, Immanence, and Univocity. The uncovering of Deleuze’s use of these three principles, how they relate to one another, and what they jointly imply in terms of ontology, will (...)
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  28. The Folk Strike Back; or, Why You Didn’T Do It Intentionally, Though It Was Bad and You Knew It.Mark T. Phelan & Hagop Sarkissian - 2008 - Philosophical Studies 138 (2):291 - 298.
    Recent and puzzling experimental results suggest that people’s judgments as to whether or not an action was performed intentionally are sensitive to moral considerations. In this paper, we outline these results and evaluate two accounts which purport to explain them. We then describe a recent experiment that allegedly vindicates one of these accounts and present our own findings to show that it fails to do so. Finally, we present additional data suggesting no such vindication could be in the offing and (...)
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  29. Computer Verification for Historians of Philosophy.Landon D. C. Elkind - 2022 - Synthese 200 (3):1-28.
    Interactive theorem provers might seem particularly impractical in the history of philosophy. Journal articles in this discipline are generally not formalized. Interactive theorem provers involve a learning curve for which the payoffs might seem minimal. In this article I argue that interactive theorem provers have already demonstrated their potential as a useful tool for historians of philosophy; I do this by highlighting examples of work where this has already been done. Further, I argue that interactive theorem provers can continue to (...)
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  30.  39
    Locating Consciousness: Why Experience Can't Be Objectified.T. W. Clark - 2019 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 26 (11-12):60-85.
    The world appears to conscious creatures in terms of experienced sensory qualities, but science doesn't find sensory experience in that world, only physical objects and properties. I argue that the failure to locate consciousness in the world is a function of our necessarily representational relation to reality as knowers: we won't discover the terms in which reality is represented by us in the world as it appears in those terms. Qualia -- arguably a type of representational content -- will therefore (...)
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  31.  3
    T.H. Green's Theory of Punishment.T. Brooks - 2003 - History of Political Thought 24 (4):685-702.
    Green agrees with Kant on the abstract character of moral law as categorical imperatives and that intentional dispositions are central to a moral justification of punishment. The central problem with Kant's account is that we are unable to know these dispositions beyond a reasonable estimate. Green offers a practical alternative, positing moral law as an ideal to be achieved, but not immediately enforceable through positive law. Moral and positive law are bridged by Green's theory of the common good through the (...)
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  32. PENELHUM, T. - "Religion and Rationality. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Religion". [REVIEW]T. Mcpherson - 1973 - Mind 82:630.
     
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  33.  11
    Metaphysics of States of Affairs: Truthmaking, Universals, and a Farewell to Bradley’s Regress, by Bo R. Meinertsen, Singapore: Springer, 2018. 174 + xviii pp. [REVIEW]Landon Hobbs - forthcoming - Philosophia:1-6.
  34.  25
    T. H. Huxley on Education.Cyril Bibby & T. H. Huxley - 1972 - British Journal of Educational Studies 20 (3):352-353.
  35. T. Pesch, Institutiones Philosophice Naturalis Secundum Principia S. Thomae Aquinatis Ad Usum Scholasticum. [REVIEW]T. Davidson - 1882 - Mind 7:424.
     
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  36.  21
    Steven T. Katz . Mysticism and Philosophical Analysis. Studies in Philosophy and Religion 5. General Editor: P. R. Baelz. Pp. 264. £8.95. [REVIEW]T. R. Miles - 1979 - Religious Studies 15 (1):132.
  37.  9
    Impartiality or Oikeiôsis? Two Models of Universal Benevolence.Landon Frim - forthcoming - Symposion. Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences.
    Landon Frim ABSTRACT: ‘Universal benevolence’ may be defined as the goal of promoting the welfare of every individual, however remote, to the best of one’s ability. Currently, the commonest model of universal benevolence is that of ‘impartiality,’ the notion promoted by Peter Singer, Roderick Firth, and others, that every individual is of equal ….
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  38.  21
    T. R. Glover: The Disciple. Pp. 62. Cambridge: University Press, 1941. Cloth Boards, 2s. 6d. Net.T. W. Manson - 1942 - The Classical Review 56 (02):93-.
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  39. Kim T Aeg-Yong Chonjip.T. Aeg-Yong Kim & Han Gukhak Munhon Yon Guso - 1978 - Asea Munhwasa.
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  40.  46
    Non-Compliance Shouldn't Be Better.Andrew T. Forcehimes & Luke Semrau - 2019 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 97 (1):46-56.
    Agent-relative consequentialism is thought attractive because it can secure agent-centred constraints while retaining consequentialism's compelling idea—the idea that it is always permissible to bring about the best available outcome. We argue, however, that the commitments of agent-relative consequentialism lead it to run afoul of a plausibility requirement on moral theories. A moral theory must not be such that, in any possible circumstance, were every agent to act impermissibly, each would have more reason to prefer the world thereby actualized over the (...)
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  41. McPHERSON, T. - "Political Obligation". [REVIEW]T. Honderich - 1970 - Mind 79:313.
     
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  42. Bruce Detwiler, Nietzsche and the Politics of Aristocratic Radicalism Reviewed By.Mildred Bakan - 1991 - Philosophy in Review 11 (6):387-390.
  43. LAGUNA, T. DE.-Introduction to the Study of Ethics. [REVIEW]A. E. T. - 1915 - Mind 24:421.
     
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  44. Archiwalia J. i T. Kotarbińskich.T. D. Woyciechowska - 2001 - Ruch Filozoficzny 3 (3-4).
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  45.  24
    Discourse or Moral Action? A Critique of Postmodernism.Landon E. Beyer & Daniel P. Listen - 1992 - Educational Theory 42 (4):371-393.
  46.  3
    The Behavioral Biology of Teams: Multidisciplinary Contributions to Social Dynamics in Isolated, Confined, and Extreme Environments.Lauren Blackwell Landon, Grace L. Douglas, Meghan E. Downs, Maya R. Greene, Alexandra M. Whitmire, Sara R. Zwart & Peter G. Roma - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  47. Hsin-T'i Yu Hsing-T'i [Mind and Human Nature].T. S. Mou - 1970 - In Charles Alexander Moore (ed.), Philosophy--East and West. Freeport, N.Y., Books for Libraries Press. pp. 20--1968.
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  48.  11
    Can’T or Won’T? Immunometabolic Constraints on Dopaminergic Drive.Michael T. Treadway, Jessica A. Cooper & Andrew H. Miller - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (5):435-448.
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  49.  24
    Why Russell Was Not an Epistemic Structural Realist.Landon D. C. Elkind & Jeremy Shipley - 2020 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 40:5-26.
    Bertrand Russell’s work in philosophy of science has been identified as a progenitor of structuralism in contemporary philosophy. It is often unclear, however, how the philosophical problems facing contemporary structuralist programmes relate to the problems of philosophy as Russell saw them. We contend that Russell has been mistakenly identified as an epistemic structural realist. The goal of this essay is to clarify the relationship between Russell’s programme and contemporary structuralist projects. In doing so, we hope to display the motivation for (...)
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  50. T. Case, Physical Realism. [REVIEW]T. Whittaker - 1889 - Mind 14:267.
     
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