Results for 'Language development'

998 found
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  1.  49
    Gricean Communication, Language Development, and Animal Minds.Richard Moore - 2018 - Philosophy Compass 13 (12):e12550.
    Humans alone acquire language. According to one influen- tial school of thought, we do this because we possess a uniquely human ability to act with and attribute “Gricean” communicative intentions. A challenge for this view is that attributing communicative intent seems to require cognitive abilities that infant language learners lack. After considering a range of responses to this challenge, I argue that infant language development can be explained, because Gricean communication is cognitively less demanding than many (...)
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  2.  10
    Hominin Language Development: A New Method of Archaeological Assessment.James Cole - 2015 - Biosemiotics 8 (1):67-90.
    The question of language development and origin is a subject that is vital to our understanding of what it means to be human. This is reflected in the large range of academic disciplines that are dedicated to the subject. Language development has in particular been related to studies in cognitive capacity and the ability for mind reading, often termed a theory of mind. The Social Brain Hypothesis has been the only attempt to correlate a cognitive scale (...)
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  3.  9
    Foundational Tuning: How Infants' Attention to Speech Predicts Language Development.Athena Vouloumanos & Suzanne Curtin - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (8):1675-1686.
    Orienting biases for speech may provide a foundation for language development. Although human infants show a bias for listening to speech from birth, the relation of a speech bias to later language development has not been established. Here, we examine whether infants' attention to speech directly predicts expressive vocabulary. Infants listened to speech or non-speech in a preferential listening procedure. Results show that infants' attention to speech at 12 months significantly predicted expressive vocabulary at 18 months, (...)
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  4.  19
    Why Are There Developmental Stages in Language Learning? A Developmental Robotics Model of Language Development.Anthony F. Morse & Angelo Cangelosi - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (8):32-51.
    Most theories of learning would predict a gradual acquisition and refinement of skills as learning progresses, and while some highlight exponential growth, this fails to explain why natural cognitive development typically progresses in stages. Models that do span multiple developmental stages typically have parameters to “switch” between stages. We argue that by taking an embodied view, the interaction between learning mechanisms, the resulting behavior of the agent, and the opportunities for learning that the environment provides can account for the (...)
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  5.  31
    Vocal Development as a Guide to Modeling the Evolution of Language.D. Kimbrough Oller, Ulrike Griebel & Anne S. Warlaumont - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (2):382-392.
    Modeling of evolution and development of language has principally utilized mature units of spoken language, phonemes and words, as both targets and inputs. This approach cannot address the earliest phases of development because young infants are unable to produce such language features. We argue that units of early vocal development—protophones and their primitive illocutionary/perlocutionary forces—should be targeted in evolutionary modeling because they suggest likely units of hominin vocalization/communication shortly after the split from the chimpanzee/bonobo (...)
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  6.  27
    Language at Three Timescales: The Role of Real‐Time Processes in Language Development and Evolution.Bob McMurray - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (2):393-407.
    Evolutionary developmental systems theory stresses that selection pressures operate on entire developmental systems rather than just genes. This study extends this approach to language evolution, arguing that selection pressure may operate on two quasi-independent timescales. First, children clearly must acquire language successfully and evolution must equip them with the tools to do so. Second, while this is developing, they must also communicate with others in the moment using partially developed knowledge. These pressures may require different solutions, and their (...)
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  7. Terminological and Conceptual Revision in the Experimental Analysis of Language Development: Why.Vicki L. Lee - 1981 - Behaviorism 9 (1):25-53.
    This paper recommends that experimental analysts of language development abandon for the purposes of experimental inquiry both the term "language" and the concept it designates. In support of this recommendation, the paper dis cusses the multiple meanings of "language," the proposal that "language" refers to behavior, the implicit acceptance by behavior analysts of psycholinguistic thought despite their ostensible rejection of it, and the nature of language as a subject matter. In addition, the nature of (...)
     
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  8. The Role of Affect in Language Development.Stuart G. Shanker & Stanley I. Greenspan - 2005 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 20 (3):329-343.
    This paper presents the Functional/Emotional approach to language development, which explains the process leading up to the core capacities necessary for language ; shows how this process leads to the formation of internal symbols; and how it shapes and is shaped by the child’s development of language. The heart of this approach is that, through a series of affective transformations, a child develops these core capacities and the capacity to form meaningful symbols. Far from being (...)
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  9.  25
    What is Language Development?: Rationalist, Empiricist, and Pragmatist Approaches to the Acquisition of Syntax.James Russell - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Language development is one of the major battle grounds within the humanities and sciences. This book presents, for the first time, an impartial account of the three dominant theories of language development. Written to be accessible for those within developmental psychology, philosophy, and linguistics, the book provides the reader with the information they need in order make up their own mind about this much debated issue.
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  10.  13
    Prediction Plays a Key Role in Language Development as Well as Processing.Matt A. Johnson, Nicholas B. Turk-Browne & Adele E. Goldberg - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):360-361.
    Although the target article emphasizes the important role of prediction in language use, prediction may well also play a key role in the initial formation of linguistic representations, that is, in language development. We outline the role of prediction in three relevant language-learning domains: transitional probabilities, statistical preemption, and construction learning.
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  11.  10
    The Role of Affect in Language Development.Stuart G. Shanker & Stanley I. Greenspan - 2010 - Theoria : An International Journal for Theory, History and Fundations of Science 20 (3):329-343.
    This paper presents the Functional/Emotional approach to language development, which explains the process leading up to the core capacities necessary for language; shows how this process leads to the formation of internal symbols; and how it shapes and is shaped by the child’s development of language.
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  12.  5
    Gradual Development of Constructional Complexity in German Spatial Language.Karin Madlener, Katrin Skoruppa & Heike Behrens - 2017 - Cognitive Linguistics 28 (4):757-798.
    Journal Name: Cognitive Linguistics Issue: Ahead of print.
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  13.  43
    Making a Case for Mirror-Neuron System Involvement in Language Development: What About Autism and Blindness?Hugo Théoret & Shirley Fecteau - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):145-146.
    The notion that manual gestures played an important role in the evolution of human language was strengthened by the discovery of mirror neurons in monkey area F5, the proposed homologue of human Broca's area. This idea is central to the thesis developed by Arbib, and lending further support to a link between motor resonance mechanisms and language/communication development is the case of autism and congenital blindness. We provide an account of how these conditions may relate to the (...)
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  14. The Relation Between Language and Theory of Mind in Development and Evolution.Bertram F. Malle - 2002 - In Malle, Bertram F. (2002) the Relation Between Language and Theory of Mind in Development and Evolution. [Book Chapter]. pp. 265-284.
    Considering the close relation between language and theory of mind in development and their tight connection in social behavior, it is no big leap to claim that the two capacities have been related in evolution as well. But what is the exact relation between them? This paper attempts to clear a path toward an answer. I consider several possible relations between the two faculties, bring conceptual arguments and empirical evidence to bear on them, and end up arguing for (...)
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  15.  30
    Experience‐Dependent Brain Development as a Key to Understanding the Language System.Gert Westermann - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (2):446-458.
    An influential view of the nature of the language system is that of an evolved biological system in which a set of rules is combined with a lexicon that contains the words of the language together with a representation of their context. Alternative views, usually based on connectionist modeling, attempt to explain the structure of language on the basis of complex associative processes. Here, I put forward a third view that stresses experience-dependent structural development of the (...)
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  16.  6
    Language Learning as Language Use: A Cross-Linguistic Model of Child Language Development.Stewart M. McCauley & Morten H. Christiansen - 2019 - Psychological Review 126 (1):1-51.
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  17.  74
    Language and the Development of Cognitive Control.Lucy Cragg & Kate Nation - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (4):631-642.
    We review the relationships between language, inner speech, and cognitive control in children and young adults, focusing on the domain of cognitive flexibility. We address the role that inner speech plays in flexibly shifting between tasks, addressing whether it is used to represent task rules, provide a reminder of task order, or aid in task retrieval. We also consider whether the development of inner speech in childhood serves to drive the development of cognitive flexibility. We conclude that (...)
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  18.  97
    History of Geometry and the Development of the Form of its Language.Ladislav Kvasz - 1998 - Synthese 116 (2):141–186.
    The aim of this paper is to introduce Wittgenstein’s concept of the form of a language into geometry and to show how it can be used to achieve a better understanding of the development of geometry, from Desargues, Lobachevsky and Beltrami to Cayley, Klein and Poincaré. Thus this essay can be seen as an attempt to rehabilitate the Picture Theory of Meaning, from the Tractatus. Its basic idea is to use Picture Theory to understand the pictures of geometry. (...)
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  19.  4
    A Unified Simulation Scenario for Language Development, Evolution and Historical Change.Domenico Parisi & Angelo Cangelosi - 2002 - In A. Cangelosi & D. Parisi (eds.), Simulating the Evolution of Language. Springer Verlag. pp. 255--275.
  20.  53
    Modality in Language Development: A Reconsideration of the Evidence.Anna Papafragou - unknown
    The set of English modal verbs is widely recognised to communicate two broad clusters of meanings: epistemic and root modal meanings. A number of researchers have claimed that root meanings are acquired earlier than epistemic ones; this claim has subsequently been employed in the linguistics literature as an argument for the position that English modal verbs are polysemous (Sweetser 1990). In this paper I offer an alternative explanation for the later emergence of epistemic interpretations by liniking them to the (...) of the child's theory of mind (Wellman 1990). If correct, this hypothesis might have important implications for the shape of the semantics of modal verbs. (shrink)
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  21. On Language: The Diversity of Human Language-Structure and its Influence on the Mental Development of Mankind.Wilhelm Humboldt - 1988 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is an entirely new translation of one of the fundamental works in the development of the study of language. Published in 1836, it formed the general introduction to Wilhelm von Humboldt's three-volume treatise on the Kawi language of Java. It is the final statement of his lifelong study of the nature of language, and presents a survey of a great many languages, exploring ways in which their various grammatical structures make them more or less suitable (...)
     
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  22.  75
    Modality and Theory of Mind: Perspectives From Language Development and Autism.Anna Papafragou - unknown
    It is widely assumed in the developmental literature that certain classes of modal expression appear later in language acquisition than others; specifically, epistemic interpretations lag behind non-epistemic interpretations. An explanation for these findings is proposed in terms of the child’s developing theory of mind, i.e. the ability to attribute to oneself and others mental representations, and to reason inferentially about them. It is hypothesized that epistemic modality crucially implicates theory-of-mind abilities and is therefore expected to depend on prior developments (...)
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  23.  18
    The Relationship Between Object Manipulation and Language Development in Broca's Area: A Connectionist Simulation of Greenfield's Hypothesis.Ronan G. Reilly - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):145-153.
    In her Behavioral and Brain Sciences target article, Greenfield (1991) proposed that early in a child's development Broca's area may serve the dual function of coordinating object assembly and organizing the production of structured utterances. As development progresses, the upper and lower regions of Broca's area become increasingly specialized for motor coordination and speech, respectively. This commentary presents a connectionist simulation of aspects of this proposal. The results of the simulation confirm the main thrust of Greenfield's argument and (...)
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  24.  21
    Formative Assessment in Teacher Education: The Development of a Diagnostic Language Test for Trainee Teachers of German.Brian J. Richards - 2008 - British Journal of Educational Studies 56 (2):184-204.
    This article describes the development and validation of a diagnostic test of German and its integration in a programme of formative assessment during a one-year initial teacher-training course. The test focuses on linguistic aspects that cause difficulty for trainee teachers of German as a foreign language and assesses implicit and explicit grammatical knowledge as well as students' confidence in this knowledge. Administration of the test to 57 German speakers in four groups (first-year undergraduates, fourth-year undergraduates, postgraduate trainees, and (...)
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  25. The Genesis of Language, a Psycholinguistic Approach. Proceedings of a Conference on Language Development in Children.F. Smith & G. A. Miller - 1970 - Foundations of Language 6 (4):580-583.
     
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  26.  28
    Language Learnability and Language Development.Dorrit Billman - 1987 - Mind and Language 2 (3):252-263.
  27.  14
    Lateralisation May Be a Side Issue for Understanding Language Development.Caterina Breitenstein, Agnes Floel, Bianca Dräger & Stefan Knecht - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (2):214-214.
    We add evidence in support of Corballis's gestural theory of language. Using transcranial magnetic stimulation, we found that productive and receptive linguistic tasks excite the motor cortices for both hands. This indicates that the language and the hand motor systems are still tightly linked in modern man. The bilaterality of the effect, however, implies that lateralisation is a secondary issue.
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  28.  6
    The Pre-Requisites for Language Acquisition: Evidence From Cases of Anomalous Language Development.Jill Boucher - 1998 - In Peter Carruthers & Jill Boucher (eds.), Language and Thought: Interdisciplinary Themes. Cambridge University Press. pp. 55.
  29.  2
    Performative-Constative Transition in Child Language Development.Jeffrey S. Gruber - 1975 - Foundations of Language 12 (4):513-527.
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  30.  15
    Temporal Attention as a Scaffold for Language Development.Ruth de Diego-Balaguer, Anna Martinez-Alvarez & Ferran Pons - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  31.  13
    The Gradience of Multilingualism in Typical and Impaired Language Development: Positioning Bilectalism Within Comparative Bilingualism.Kleanthes K. Grohmann & Maria Kambanaros - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  32.  28
    Gesture is at the Cutting Edge of Early Language Development.Şeyda Özçalışkan & Susan Goldin-Meadow - 2005 - Cognition 96 (3):101-113.
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  33.  4
    Sit to Talk: Relation Between Motor Skills and Language Development in Infancy.Klaus Libertus & Dominic A. Violi - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  34.  3
    Engagement in Community Music Classes Sparks Neuroplasticity and Language Development in Children From Disadvantaged Backgrounds.Nina Kraus, Jane Hornickel, Dana L. Strait, Jessica Slater & Elaine Thompson - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  35.  7
    Slip of the Tongue: Implications for Evolution and Language Development.Gillian S. Forrester & Alina Rodriguez - 2015 - Cognition 141:103-111.
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  36.  3
    The Philosopher as Parent: John Dewey's Observations of His Children's Language Development and the Development of His Thinking About Communication.Jeremiah Dyehouse & Krysten Manke - 2017 - Education and Culture 33 (1):3-22.
    In an 1896 article for Kindergarten Magazine, John Dewey explained that the "child comes to school to do; to cook, to sew, to work with wood and tools in simple constructive acts; within and about these acts cluster the studies—writing, reading, arithmetic, etc."1 With this statement, Dewey encapsulated a key principle in the elementary education pedagogy he was at that time developing at the University of Chicago's Laboratory School. This school, which Dewey founded in 1896, explicitly experimented with new pedagogical (...)
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  37.  4
    Editorial: Bilingual Language Development: The Role of Dominance.Cornelia Hamann, Esther Rinke & Dobrinka Genevska-Hanke - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  38.  6
    Novel Methodology to Examine Cognitive and Experiential Factors in Language Development: Combining Eye-Tracking and LENA Technology.Rosalie Odean, Alina Nazareth & Shannon M. Pruden - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  39.  6
    Invariance Detection Within an Interactive System: A Perceptual Gateway to Language Development.Lakshmi J. Gogate & George Hollich - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (2):496-516.
  40.  8
    Toward a Unified Account of Comprehension and Production in Language Development.Stewart M. McCauley & Morten H. Christiansen - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):366-367.
  41.  25
    Talking with Feeling: Integrating Affective and Linguistic Expression in Early Language Development.Lois Bloom & Richard Beckwith - 1989 - Cognition and Emotion 3 (4):313-342.
  42. Critical Periods in Language Development.Elissa L. Newport - 2002 - In Lynn Nadel (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Macmillan. pp. 737--740.
     
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  43.  77
    Language Development, Critical Periods In.E. L. Newport - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
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  44.  5
    Dual Language Competencies of Turkish–German Children Growing Up in Germany: Factors Supportive of Functioning Dual Language Development.Beyhan Ertanir, Jens Kratzmann, Maren Frank, Samuel Jahreiss & Steffi Sachse - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  45. Language and the Learning Curve: A New Theory of Syntactic Development.Anat Ninio - 2006 - Oxford University Press.
    In Language and the Learning Curve, a leading researcher in the field offers a radical new view of language development, unusual in its combination of Chomskian linguistics and learning theory. Stimulating and accessible, it is an important new work that challenges many of our usual assumptions about syntactic development.
     
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  46.  9
    Efficient Learning of Word Meanings by Agents Using Biases Observed in Language Development of Children.Ryo Taguchi, Masashi Kimura, Satoshi Kodama, Shuji Shinohara, Yurie Iribe, Kouichi Katsurada & Tsuneo Nitta - 2007 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 22:444-453.
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  47.  26
    How Adult Second Language Learning Differs From Child First Language Development.Harald Clahsen & Pieter Muysken - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (4):721-723.
  48.  6
    The Influence of Early Temperament on Language Development: The Moderating Role of Maternal Input.Maria Spinelli, Mirco Fasolo, Prachi E. Shah, Giuliana Genovese & Tiziana Aureli - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  49.  14
    Gestural-Vocal Deixis and Representational Skills in Early Language Development.Elena Pizzuto, Micaela Capobianco & Antonella Devescovi - 2005 - Interaction Studies 6 (2):223-252.
  50.  8
    Gestural-Vocal Deixis and Representational Skills in Early Language Development.Elena Antinoro Pizzuto, Micaela Capobianco & Antonella Devescovi - 2005 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 6 (2):223-252.
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