Results for 'Laplace'

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  1. Essai philosophique sur les probabilités.Pierre-Simon Laplace & Maurice Solovine - 1923 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 30 (1):1-2.
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  2.  7
    Determinism, Ignorance, and Probability.Pierre-Simon Laplace - 2009 - In Timothy J. McGrew, Marc Alspector-Kelly & Fritz Allhoff (eds.), The Philosophy of Science: An Historical Anthology. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 250.
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  3.  2
    L'"Ecphrasis" de la Parole d'Apparat Dans l'"Electrum" Et le "De Domo" de Lucien, Et la Représentation des Deux Styles d'Une Esthétique Inspirée de Pindare Et de Platon.Marie Marcelle Jeanine Laplace - 1996 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 116:158-165.
  4.  1
    L'entre-deux-guerres en écosse: Renaissance littéraire, revendications nationalistes et hésitations idéologiques.Philippe Laplace - 2006 - In Maxence Caron & Jocelyn Benoist (eds.), Heidegger. Cerf. pp. 797--411.
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  5. Des Rapports du Phedre de Platon Avec L'Eloge D'Helene Et le Panegyrique D'Isocrate.Marcelle Laplace - 2011 - Hermes 139 (2):165-178.
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  6. Les valeurs du paysage dans les guides touristiques: l´ exemple de trois guides récents de la ville de Bordeaux.Danièle Laplace - 2009 - In Eduardo Martínez de Pisón & Nicolás Ortega (eds.), Los Valores Del Paisaje. Fundación Duques de Soria. pp. 199--214.
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  7. The Ecphrasis of the Set Speeches in the'Electrum'and the'De Domo'of Lucian, and the Representation of the Two Styles of an Aesthetic Inspired by Pindar and Plato.M. M. J. Laplace - 1996 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 116:158-165.
  8. Remarks on an Article in the Edinburgh Review, in Which the Doctrine of Hume on Miracles is Maintained [in a Review of Théorie Analytique des Probabilités by P.S., Marq. De la Place]. [REVIEW]James Somerville & Pierre Simon Laplace - 1815
     
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  9.  32
    Nitpicking Newton (Review Of: Pierre Simon Laplace: A Life in Exact Science). [REVIEW]Ray Scott Percival - 1998 - New Scientist (2123).
    ONE of the most celebrated mathematical physicists, Pierre-Simon Laplace is often remembered as the mathematician who showed that despite appearances, the Solar System does conform to Newton’s theories. Together with distinguished scholars Robert Fox and Ivor Grattan-Guinness, Charles Gillispie gives us a new perspective, showing that Laplace did not merely vindicate Newton’s system, but had a uniquely creative and independent mind.
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  10.  39
    Who Let the Demon Out? Laplace and Boscovich on Determinism.Boris Kožnjak - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 51:42-52.
    In this paper, I compare Pierre-Simon Laplace's celebrated formulation of the principle of determinism in his 1814 Essai philosophique sur les probabilités with the formulation of the same principle offered by Roger Joseph Boscovich in his Theoria philosophiae naturalis, published 56 years earlier. This comparison discloses a striking general similarity between the two formulations of determinism as well as certain important differences. Regarding their similarities, both Boscovich's and Laplace's conceptions of determinism involve two mutually interdependent components—ontological and epistemic—and (...)
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  11.  14
    Determinismo en la física clásica: Laplace vs. Popper o Prigogine.Martín Lopez Corredoira - 2001 - El Basilisco: Revista de Filosofía, Ciencias Humanas, Teoría de la Ciencia y de la Cultura 29:29-42.
    Pretende mostrarse en este artículo que la física clásica1 no deja lugar para el indeterminismo, tal como Laplace proclamó hace casi dos siglos. No se discute aquí la validez de la física clásica; el objetivo es mostrar que ésta es un modelo del mundo determinista, y si el mundo responde a este modelo o no es otro tema. Algunos autores, como Popper o Prigogine, han intentado rebatir este determinismo en la física clásica en base a argumentos tales como la (...)
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  12.  6
    Z badań nad filozofią Kanta w Szkole Lwowsko-Warszawskiej: Hersz Bad o teorii Kanta-Laplace’a.Anna Szyrwińska - 2014 - Studia Z Historii Filozofii 3 (3):145-161.
    Hersz Bad (1869–1942) was Kazimierz Twardowski’s student and belonged to the first generation of the Lvov-Warsaw School members. He specialized in the history of philosophy and led a number of remarkable analyses concerning Kant’s philosophy. At the example of his work one may see, how the methodological postulates of the Lvov Warsaw School were fulfilled at the field of historical philosophical investigations. The goal of the paper is to present Bad’s main achievements and to evaluate their meaning from the point (...)
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  13.  76
    Holism and Emergence: Dynamical Complexity Defeats Laplace's Demon.John D. Collier - 2011 - South African Journal of Philosophy 30 (2):229-243.
    The paradigm of Laplacean determinism combines three regulative principles: determinism, predictability, and the explanatory adequacy of universal laws together with purely local conditions. Historically, it applied to celestial mechanics, but it has been expanded into an ideal for scientific theories whose cogency is often not questioned. Laplace’s demon is an idealization of mechanistic scientific method. Its principles together imply reducibility, and rule out holism and emergence. I will argue that Laplacean determinism fails even in the realm of planetary dynamics, (...)
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  14.  54
    De Finetti's Reconstruction of the Bayes-Laplace Paradigm.Eugenio Regazzini - 1996 - Erkenntnis 45 (2-3):159 - 176.
    This paper includes a concise survey of the work done in compliance with de Finetti's reconstruction of the Bayes-Laplace paradigm. Section 1 explains that paradigm and Section 2 deals with de Finetti's criticism. Section 3 quotes some recent results connected with de Finetti's program and Section 4 provides an illustrative example.
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  15.  16
    Schwarzschild Radius Before General Relativity: Why Does Michell-Laplace Argument Provide the Correct Answer? [REVIEW]Giovanni Preti - 2009 - Foundations of Physics 39 (9):1046-1054.
    A famous Newtonian argument by Michell and Laplace, regarding the existence of “dark bodies” and dating back to the end of the 18th century, is able to provide an exact general-relativistic result, namely the exact formula for the Schwarzschild radius. Since general relativity was formulated more than a century after this argument had been issued, it looks quite surprising that such a correct prediction could have been possible. Far from being merely a fortuitous coincidence (as one might justifiably be (...)
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  16.  7
    Exorcising Laplace's Demon: Chaos and Antichaos, History and Metahistory.Michael Shermer - 1995 - History and Theory 34 (1):59-83.
    The analysis of physical and biological systems through models and mathematics of chaotic behavior and nonlinear dynamics rose to prominence in the 1980s. Many authors, most notably Ilya Prigogine and Isabelle Stengers, made glancing references to applications of this new paradigm to the social and historical sciences, but little fruit was harvested until this decade. Physiologists studying irregular heart rhythms, psychologists examining brain activity, biologists graphing population trends, economists tracking stock price movements, military strategists assessing the outbreak of wars, and (...)
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  17.  4
    De Boston à Paris. Le retour de la Mécanique céleste de Laplace.Thomas Preveraud - 2015 - Philosophia Scientiæ 19:95-113.
    Entre 1829 et 1839, le mathématicien américain Nathaniel Bowditch publie quatre volumes de la Mécanique Céleste by the Marquis de Laplace, translated with a commentary. Il s’agit d’une traduction de l’astronomie mathématique de Pierre Simon de Laplace parue en France entre 1799 et 1825 et assortie d’un commentaire explicatif. L’ouvrage américain est alors distribué en France comme aucune autre production savante américaine ne l’est au cours du xixe siècle. Cet article cherche à redonner à ce texte la place (...)
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  18.  2
    Exorcising Laplace's Demon.Michael Shermer - 1995 - History and Theory 34 (1):71.
    The analysis of physical and biological systems through models and mathematics of chaotic behavior and nonlinear dynamics rose to prominence in the 1980s. Many authors, most notably Ilya Prigogine and Isabelle Stengers, made glancing references to applications of this new paradigm to the social and historical sciences, but little fruit was harvested until this decade. Physiologists studying irregular heart rhythms, psychologists examining brain activity, biologists graphing population trends, economists tracking stock price movements, military strategists assessing the outbreak of wars, and (...)
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  19.  1
    Carlini and Plana on the Theory of the Moon and Their Dispute with Laplace.Guido Tagliaferri & Pasquale Tucci - 1999 - Annals of Science 56 (3):221-269.
    In 1818 Laplace proposed that the Academie des Sciences in Paris set up a prize to be awarded to whoever succeeded in constructing lunar tables based solely on the law of universal gravity. In 1820 the prize was awarded to Carlini and Plana and Damoiseau by a committee of which Laplace was a member. But Laplace strongly criticized the Carlini-Plana approach to the lunar theory. A dispute ensued that is reconstructed on the basis of hitherto unknown letters (...)
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  20. De Finetti's Reconstruction of the Bayes--Laplace Paradigm.Eugenio Regazzini - 1996 - Erkenntnis 45 (2):159-176.
    This paper includes a concise survey of the work done in compliance with de Finetti's reconstruction of the Bayes-Laplace paradigm. Section 1 explains that paradigm and Section 2 deals with de Finetti's criticism. Section 3 quotes some recent results connected with de Finetti's program and Section 4 provides an illustrative example.
     
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  21.  29
    Laplace’s Demon and the Adventures of His Apprentices.Roman Frigg, Seamus Bradley, Hailiang Du & Leonard A. Smith - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (1):31-59.
    The sensitive dependence on initial conditions (SDIC) associated with nonlinear models imposes limitations on the models’ predictive power. We draw attention to an additional limitation than has been under-appreciated, namely structural model error (SME). A model has SME if the model-dynamics differ from the dynamics in the target system. If a nonlinear model has only the slightest SME, then its ability to generate decision-relevant predictions is compromised. Given a perfect model, we can take the effects of SDIC into account by (...)
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  22.  48
    Laplace's Demon Consults an Oracle: The Computational Complexity of Prediction.I. Pitowsky - 1996 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 27 (2):161-180.
  23.  12
    Laplace’s Demon Tries on Aristotle’s Cloak: On Two Approaches to Determinism.Tomasz Placek - forthcoming - Synthese:1-20.
    The paper describes two approaches to determinism: one focuses on the features of global objects, such as possible worlds or models of a theory, whereas the other’s concern is the possible behaviour of individual objects. It then gives an outline of an individuals-based analysis of the determinism of theories. Finally, a general relativistic spacetime with non-isometric extensions is described and used to illustrate a conflict between the two approaches: this spacetime is indeterministic by the first approach but deterministic by the (...)
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  24.  8
    Laplace's Demon Tries on Aristotle's Cloak: On Two Approaches to Determinism.Tomasz Placek - unknown
    The paper describes two approaches to determinism: one focuses on the features of global objects, such as possible worlds or models of a theory, whereas the other's concern is the possible behavior of individual objects. It then gives an outline of an individuals-based analysis of the determinism of theories. Finally, a general relativistic spacetime with non-isometric extensions is described and used to illustrate a conflict between the two approaches: this spacetime is indeterministic by the first approach but deterministic by the (...)
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  25.  65
    On Carnap's Version of Laplace's Rule of Succession.K. R. Popper - 1962 - Mind 71 (281):69-73.
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  26. The Thwarting of Laplace's Demon: Arguments Against the Mechanistic World-View.Richard Green - 1995 - St. Martin's Press.
  27.  18
    Solución de la ecuación con retardo de primer orden por medio de la transformada de Laplace.Campo Elías González Pineda - forthcoming - Scientia.
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  28.  4
    Laplace's Demon Consults an Oracle: The Computational Complexity of Prediction.Itamar Pitowsky - 1996 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 27 (2):161-180.
  29.  8
    Determinism and Chance in Laplace's and Cournot's Doctrine.Mirella Fortino - 2002 - Philosophical Inquiry 24 (3-4):53-64.
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  30. Determinismo en la física clásica: Laplace vs Popper o Progogine.Martín López Corredoira - 2001 - El Basilisco: Revista de Filosofía, Ciencias Humanas, Teoría de la Ciencia y de la Cultura 29:29-42.
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  31.  2
    Roger Hahn, Correspondance de Pierre Simon Laplace , 2 Bde.Jörn Henrich - 2014 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 37 (1):88-89.
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  32.  2
    Creation by Natural Law: Laplace's Nebular Hypothesis in American ThoughtRonald L. Numbers.John C. Greene - 1978 - Isis 69 (2):312-312.
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  33.  2
    Le Démon de Laplace Est Mort, Vive les Génies de la Place!Cyrille Rigolot - forthcoming - Natures Sciences Sociétés.
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  34.  3
    Pierre-Simon Laplace, 1749–1827. A Life in Exact Science. [REVIEW]P. M. Harman - 2000 - British Journal for the History of Science 33 (2):231-254.
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  35.  5
    The Ice Calorimeter of Lavoisier and Laplace and Some of its Critics.T. H. Lodwig & W. A. Smeaton - 1974 - Annals of Science 31 (1):1-18.
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  36.  2
    Laplace et Sylvestre-François Lacroix.R. Taton - 1953 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 6 (4):350-360.
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  37.  1
    Laplace and the Speed of Sound.Bernard S. Finn - 1964 - Isis 55 (1):7-19.
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  38.  1
    Jörn Henrich.Die Fixierung des modernen Wissenschaftsideals durch Laplace. 247 pp., illus., bibl., index. Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 2010. €59.80. [REVIEW]Craig Fraser - 2011 - Isis 102 (4):777-778.
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  39.  3
    Sur l'enseignement et les examens à l'École polytechnique sous le Directoire: à propos d'une lettre inédite de Laplace.Janis Langins - 1987 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 40 (2):145-177.
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  40.  2
    Walter Hauser: Die Wurzeln der Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung. Die Verbindung von Glücksspieltheorie und statistischer Praxis vor Laplace. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner 1997. ISBN 3-515-07052-4; 236 Seiten, DM 78. [REVIEW]Rudolf Seising - 2000 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 23 (1):68-71.
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  41.  2
    Book Review:Creation by Natural Law: Laplace's Nebular Hypothesis in American Thought Ronald L. Numbers. [REVIEW]Donald De B. Beaver - 1979 - Philosophy of Science 46 (1):167-.
  42.  1
    Visions de la complexité. Le démon de Laplace dans tous ses états.Guillaume Deffuant, Arnaud Banos, David Chavalarias, Cyrille Bertelle, Nicolas Brodu, Pablo Jensen, Annick Lesne, Jean-Pierre Müller, Édith Perrier & Franck Varenne - 2015 - Natures Sciences Sociétés 23 (1):42-53.
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  43.  1
    La théorie de la capillarité selon Laplace, mathématisation superficielle ou étendue?Jean Dhombres - 1989 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 42 (1):43-77.
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  44.  1
    Pierre Simon Laplace 1749–1827:A Determined Scientist. [REVIEW]Robert Fox - 2007 - British Journal for the History of Science 40 (4):613-614.
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  45.  1
    Le Système du Monde: Pierre Simon Laplace: Un Itinéraire Dans la Science. [REVIEW]I. Grattan-Guinness - 2005 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 96:446-447.
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  46.  1
    Deux lettres de Laplace à Lavoisier.Roger Hahn & Denis Duveen - 1958 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 11 (4):337-342.
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  47.  1
    A Bicentenary Evaluation Of His Work By Isaac Newton; F. E. Brasch; A Memorial Volume Edited For The Mathematical Association By W. J. Greenstreet By Isaac Newton; Un Double Centenaire, Newton Et Laplace By Emile Picard. [REVIEW]George Sarton - 1928 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 11:387-393.
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  48.  1
    Second Preface to Volume XXXIII: Laplace's Religion.George Sarton - 1941 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 33:309-312.
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  49.  1
    Creation by Natural Law: Laplace's Nebular Hypothesis in American Thought by Ronald L. Numbers. [REVIEW]John Greene - 1978 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 69:312-312.
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  50. A History of Modern Planetary Physics, 3 Vols: I, Nebulous Earth: The Origin of the Solar System and the Core of the Earth From Laplace to Jeffreys.Stephen G. Brush & H. G. Van Bueren - 1997 - Annals of Science 54 (3):322.
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