Results for 'Lars Niclasson'

1000+ found
Order:
  1. Classicalism and Cognitive Architecture.Tim van Gelder & Lars Niclasson - 1994 - In Ashwin Ram & Kurt Eiselt (eds.), Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Erlbaum.
    systematicity is. Until systematicity is adequately systematicity. Most contributors to these debates have clarified, we cannot know whether classical paid little or no attention to the alleged empirical.
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  2.  33
    Conceptualizing Creativity and Innovation as Affective Processes: Steve Jobs, Lars von Trier, and Responsible Innovation.Lars Geer Hammershøj - 2018 - Philosophy of Management 17 (1):115-131.
    The aim of this article is to contribute to responsible innovation by developing a conceptual framework for the processes of creativity and innovation. The hypothesis is that creative and innovative processes are similar in that both are affective in nature. I develop this conceptual framework through an interpretation of the insights of Henri Poincaré’s notion of the ‘four stages’ in the creative process and Joseph Schumpeter’s notion of the entrepreneur. Building on this framework, I analyze the creative and innovative practices (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  3.  21
    Imagination and the Sense of Identity: Lars Hertzberg.Lars Hertzberg - 1991 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 29:143-155.
    Most of us, at one time or another, will have been struck by a thought that we might wish to express in the following words: ‘I could have been born in a different time and place, my position in life and all my personal characteristics could have been completely different from what they are; how amazing then that it should have fallen to my lot to live my life, the only life I shall ever live, as this particular individual rather (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  4.  18
    Withholding and Withdrawing Life-Sustaining Treatment: Ethically Equivalent?Lars Øystein Ursin - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (3):10-20.
    Withholding and withdrawing treatment are widely regarded as ethically equivalent in medical guidelines and ethics literature. Health care personnel, however, widely perceive moral differences between withholding and withdrawing. The proponents of equivalence argue that any perceived difference can be explained in terms of cognitive biases and flawed reasoning. Thus, policymakers should clear away any resistance to accept the equivalence stance by moral education. To embark on such a campaign of changing attitudes, we need to be convinced that the ethical analysis (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  5.  55
    A Philosophy of Boredom.Lars Svendsen - 2005 - Reaktion Books.
    In this book Lars Svendsen examines the nature of boredom, how it originated, its history, how and why it afflicts us, and why we cannot seem to overcome it by any act of will.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  6. Methodological Individualism: Background, History and Meaning.Lars Udehn - 2001 - Routledge.
    Throughout the history of social thought, there has been a constant battle over the true nature of society, and the best way to understand and explain it. This volume covers the development of methodological individualism, including the individualist theory of society from Greek antiquity to modern social science. It is a comprehensive and systematic treatment of methodological individualism in all its manifestations.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   27 citations  
  7. Lifting the Veil of Morality: Choice Blindness and Attitude Reversals on a Self-Transforming Survey.Lars Hall, Petter Johansson & Thomas Strandberg - 2012 - PLoS ONE 7 (9):e45457. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.
    Every day, thousands of polls, surveys, and rating scales are employed to elicit the attitudes of humankind. Given the ubiquitous use of these instruments, it seems we ought to have firm answers to what is measured by them, but unfortunately we do not. To help remedy this situation, we present a novel approach to investigate the nature of attitudes. We created a self-transforming paper survey of moral opinions, covering both foundational principles, and current dilemmas hotly debated in the media. This (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   40 citations  
  8.  27
    Miriam Van Reijen, Lars Aagaard-Mogensen, Judy Wubnig, Philip L. Peterson.Miriam Van Reijen, Lars Aagaard-Mogensen, Judy Wubnig & Philip L. Peterson - 1988 - Philosophie Et Culture: Actes du XVIIe Congrès Mondial de Philosophie 5:615-615.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9.  85
    Shared Decision Making, Paternalism and Patient Choice.Lars Sandman & Christian Munthe - 2010 - Health Care Analysis 18 (1):60-84.
    In patient centred care, shared decision making is a central feature and widely referred to as a norm for patient centred medical consultation. However, it is far from clear how to distinguish SDM from standard models and ideals for medical decision making, such as paternalism and patient choice, and e.g., whether paternalism and patient choice can involve a greater degree of the sort of sharing involved in SDM and still retain their essential features. In the article, different versions of SDM (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   40 citations  
  10. Hans Kelsen's Pure Theory of Law: Legality and Legitimacy.Lars Vinx - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Three paradigms of legal positivism -- The pure theory of law : science or political theory? -- Kelsen's principles of legality -- Kelsen's theory of democracy : reconciliation with social order -- Democratic constitutionalism : Kelsen's theory of constitutional review -- Kelsen's legal cosmopolitanism -- Conclusions : the pure theory of law and contemporary positivism.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  11. How the Polls Can Be Both Spot On and Dead Wrong: Using Choice Blindness to Shift Political Attitudes and Voter Intentions.Lars Hall, Thomas Strandberg, Philip Pärnamets, Andreas Lind, Betty Tärning & Petter Johansson - 2013 - PLoS ONE 8 (4):e60554. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.
    Political candidates often believe they must focus their campaign efforts on a small number of swing voters open for ideological change. Based on the wisdom of opinion polls, this might seem like a good idea. But do most voters really hold their political attitudes so firmly that they are unreceptive to persuasion? We tested this premise during the most recent general election in Sweden, in which a left- and a right-wing coalition were locked in a close race. We asked our (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   15 citations  
  12.  77
    Adherence, Shared Decision-Making and Patient Autonomy.Lars Sandman, Bradi B. Granger, Inger Ekman & Christian Munthe - 2012 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (2):115-127.
    In recent years the formerly quite strong interest in patient compliance has been questioned for being too paternalistic and oriented towards overly narrow biomedical goals as the basis for treatment recommendations. In line with this there has been a shift towards using the notion of adherence to signal an increased weight for patients’ preferences and autonomy in decision making around treatments. This ‘adherence-paradigm’ thus encompasses shared decision-making as an ideal and patient perspective and autonomy as guiding goals of care. What (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  13. In Defence of the Conditional Account of Dispositions.Lars Gundersen - 2002 - Synthese 130 (3):389-411.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   49 citations  
  14.  37
    Memory Aging and Brain Maintenance.Lars Nyberg, Martin Lövdén, Katrine Riklund, Ulman Lindenberger & Lars Bäckman - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (5):292-305.
  15. A Philosophy of Fear.Lars Svendsen - 2008 - Reaktion Books.
    Surveillance cameras. Airport security lines. Barred store windows. We see manifestations of societal fears everyday, and daily news reports on the latest household danger or raised terror threat level continually stoke our sense of impending doom. In _A Philosophy of Fear_, Lars Svendsen now explores the underlying ideas and issues behind this powerful emotion, as he investigates how and why fear has insinuated itself into every aspect of modern life. Svendsen delves into science, politics, sociology, and literature to explore (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  16.  51
    Position and Change: A Study in Law and Logic.Lars Lindahl - 1977 - D. Reidel Pub. Co..
    CHAPTER 1 From Bentham to Kanger I. Introduction In the analytical tradition established by Jeremy Bentham and John Austin, and continued in the twentieth ...
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   31 citations  
  17.  98
    Magic at the Marketplace: Choice Blindness for the Taste of Jam and the Smell of Tea.Lars Hall, Petter Johansson, Betty Tärning, Sverker Sikström & Thérèse Deutgen - 2010 - Cognition 117 (1):54-61.
  18. Outline of a New Semantics for Counterfactuals.Lars Bo Gundersen - 2004 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 85 (1):1–20.
  19.  7
    Santi Romano Against the State?Lars Vinx - 2018 - Ethics and Global Politics 11 (2):25-36.
  20. Shared Decision-Making and Patient Autonomy.Lars Sandman & Christian Munthe - 2009 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (4):289-310.
    In patient-centred care, shared decision-making is advocated as the preferred form of medical decision-making. Shared decision-making is supported with reference to patient autonomy without abandoning the patient or giving up the possibility of influencing how the patient is benefited. It is, however, not transparent how shared decision-making is related to autonomy and, in effect, what support autonomy can give shared decision-making. In the article, different forms of shared decision-making are analysed in relation to five different aspects of autonomy: (1) self-realisation; (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  21. On the Attitude of Trust.Lars Hertzberg - 1988 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 31 (3):307 – 322.
    In On Certainty, the emphasis is on the solitary individual as subject of knowledge. The importance of our dependence on others, however, is brought out in Wittgenstein's remarks about trust. In this paper, the role and nature of trust are discussed, the grammar of trust being contrasted with that of reliance. It is shown that to speak of trust is to speak of a fundamental attitude of one person towards others, an attitude which, unlike reliance, is not to be explained, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   36 citations  
  22.  78
    Personal Autonomy and Informed Consent.Lars Øystein Ursin - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (1):17-24.
    Two ways of understanding the notion of autonomy are outlined and discussed in this article, in order to clarify how and if informed consent requirements in biotechnological research are to be justified by the promotion of personal autonomy: A proceduralist conception linking autonomy with authenticity, and a substantivist conception linking autonomy with control. The importance of distinguishing autonomy from liberty is emphasised, which opens for a possible conflict between respecting the freedom and the autonomy of research participants. It is argued (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  23.  45
    Stress and Multiple Memory Systems: From 'Thinking' to 'Doing'.Lars Schwabe & Oliver T. Wolf - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (2):60-68.
  24.  14
    Withholding Versus Withdrawing Treatment: Why Medical Guidelines Should Omit “Theoretical Equivalence”.Lars Øystein Ursin - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (6):W5-W9.
    Volume 19, Issue 6, June 2019, Page W5-W9.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  25.  36
    A Theorem on Permutations in Models.Lars Svenonius - 1959 - Theoria 25 (3):173-178.
  26.  10
    In Defence Of The Conditional Account Of Dispositions.Lars Gundersen - 2002 - Synthese 130 (3):389-411.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   35 citations  
  27. Biobank Research and the Right to Privacy.Lars Øystein Ursin - 2008 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (4):267-285.
    What is privacy? What does privacy mean in relation to biobanking, in what way do the participants have an interest in privacy, (why) is there a right to privacy, and how should the privacy issue be regulated when it comes to biobank research? A relational view of privacy is argued for in this article, which takes as its basis a general discussion of several concepts of privacy and attempts at grounding privacy rights. In promoting and protecting the rights that participants (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  28.  38
    Subjective Agency and Awareness of Shared Actions.Lars Strother, Kristin A. House & Sukhvinder S. Obhi - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):12-20.
    Voluntary actions and their distal effects are intimately related in conscious awareness. When an expected effect follows a voluntary action, the experience of the interval between these events is compressed in time, a phenomenon known as ‘intentional binding’ . Current accounts of IB suggest that it serves to reinforce associations between our goals and our intention to attain these goals via action, and that IB only occurs for self-generated actions. We used a novel approach to study IB in the context (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  29.  11
    The Importance of Being Pregnant: On the Healthcare Need for Uterus Transplantation.Lars Sandman - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (8):519-526.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  30.  9
    Computability Theory.Lars Kristiansen - 2007 - Studia Logica 86 (1):145-146.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  31.  25
    On Being Systematically Connectionist.Lars F. Niklasson & Tim Gelder - 1994 - Mind and Language 9 (3):288-302.
  32.  16
    Ethics of Dead Participants: Policy Recommendations for Biobank Research.Lars Ursin & Maria Stuifbergen - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (10):695-699.
    Respecting people’s consent choices for use of their material and data is a cornerstone of biobank ethics. Participation in biobanks is characteristically based on broad consent that presupposes an ongoing possibility of informing and interacting with participants over time. The death of a participant means the end of any interaction, but usually not the end of participation. Research on causes of death makes biobank material from deceased participants extremely valuable. But as new research questions and methods develop over time, the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  33.  10
    Cultural Capital in the Economic Field: A Study of Relationships in an Art Market.Lars Vigerland & Erik A. Borg - 2018 - Philosophy of Management 17 (2):169-185.
    In this study of an economic field and its relationships to a cultural field, we apply Pierre Bourdieu’s central concepts of economic capital, cultural capital, symbolic capital and field, and thus follow in a tradition that at the outset was considered to be post-structuralism, but which by Bourdieu later has been brought into the realm of realism. We have mapped relationships between the actors and thus the field structures that these relationships entail. The fields in which a segment of an (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  34. Quine, Underdetermination, and Skepticism.Lars Bergström - 1993 - Journal of Philosophy 90 (7):331-358.
  35. The Alternatives and Consequences of Actions.Lars Bergström - 1966 - Göteborg [Etc.]Almqvist & Wiksell.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   21 citations  
  36.  1
    Arendt and Adorno: Political and Philosophical Investigations.Lars Rensmann & Samir Gandesha (eds.) - 2012 - Stanford University Press.
    Hannah Arendt and Theodor W. Adorno, two of the most influential political philosophers and theorists of the twentieth century, were contemporaries with similar interests, backgrounds, and a shared experience of exile. Yet until now, no book has brought them together. In this first comparative study of their work, leading scholars discuss divergences, disclose surprising affinities, and find common ground between the two thinkers. This pioneering work recovers the relevance of Arendt and Adorno for contemporary political theory and philosophy and lays (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  37.  12
    Robustness.Lars Peter Hansen & Thomas J. Sargent - 2007 - Princeton University Press.
    Technical, rigorous, and self-contained, this book will be useful for macroeconomists who seek to improve the robustness of decision-making processes.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  38. Professional Codes in Journalism.Lars Bruun (ed.) - 1979 - Imported Publications [Distributor].
    Introduction -- The history of written codes of ethics -- Contemporary codes -- Media councils in the Western Hemisphere -- Journalists' responsibility for the destiny of peace -- Towards an international code of ethics -- Journalistic ethics in Latin America -- The international ethics of journalists.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  39.  13
    ‘How Can the People Be Restricted?’: The Mont Pèlerin Society and the Problem of Democracy, 1947–1998.Lars Cornelissen - 2017 - History of European Ideas 43 (5):507-524.
    ABSTRACTDrawing upon archival material, this article offers an overview and discussion of the manner in which the topic of representative democracy was addressed during conferences of the Mont Pèlerin Society in the period between 1947 and 1998. I contend that the most common critique of democracy amongst MPS members was that democratic politics has the tendency to lead to interventions in the economy, thus distorting or even destroying the market mechanism. Yet most members were simultaneously convinced that democracy is a (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  40.  11
    Why We Don’T Need “Unmet Needs”! On the Concepts of Unmet Need and Severity in Health-Care Priority Setting.Lars Sandman & Bjorn Hofmann - 2019 - Health Care Analysis 27 (1):26-44.
    In health care priority setting different criteria are used to reflect the relevant values that should guide decision-making. During recent years there has been a development of value frameworks implying the use of multiple criteria, a development that has not been accompanied by a structured conceptual and normative analysis of how different criteria relate to each other and to underlying normative considerations. Examples of such criteria are unmet need and severity. In this article these crucial criteria are conceptually clarified and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  41.  6
    Ernst-Wolfgang Böckenförde and the Politics of Constituent Power.Lars Vinx - 2018 - Jurisprudence 10 (1):15-38.
    ABSTRACTIt is often held that the legitimacy of a democratic constitution depends on its production by constituent power. This paper argues that the notion of legitimation by constituent power face...
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  42.  10
    Equity Incentives and Corporate Fraud in China.Lars Helge Hass, Monika Tarsalewska & Feng Zhan - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 138 (4):723-742.
    This paper explores how managers’ and supervisors’ equity incentives impact the likelihood of committing corporate fraud in Chinese-listed firms. Previous research has shown that corporate fraud in China is a widespread phenomenon and has severe consequences for affected firms and executives. However, our understanding of the reasons that fraud is committed in a Chinese setting has been very limited thus far. This is an increasingly important topic, because corporate governance is rapidly changing in China, and it is unclear whether adopting (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  43.  11
    Consent, Contestability, and Unions.Lars Lindblom - 2019 - Business Ethics Quarterly 29 (2):189-211.
    ABSTRACT:This article provides a normative justification for unions. It discusses three arguments. The argument from consent justifies unions in some circumstances, but if the employer prefers to not bargain with unions, it may provide very little justification. The argument from contestability takes as its starting point the fact that employment contracts are incomplete contracts, where authority takes the place of complete contractual terms. This theory of contracts implies that consent to authority has been given under ignorance, and, therefore, that authority (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  44.  66
    The Bullshit Doctrine: Fabrications, Lies, and Nonsense in the Age of Trump.Lars J. Kristiansen & Bernd Kaussler - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (1):13-52.
    Guided by the concept of bullshit, broadly defined as a deceptive form of rhetoric intended to distract and/or persuade, we examine how fabrications and false statements— when crafted and distributed by the president of the United States—impact not only foreign policy making and implementation but also erode democratic norms. Unconstrained by reality, and seemingly driven more by celebrity and showmanship than a genuine desire to govern, we argue that President Trump’s penchant for bullshit is part of a concerted strategy to (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  45.  41
    Introduction: Bildung and the Idea of a Liberal Education.Lars Lovlie & Paul Standish - 2002 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 36 (3):317–340.
  46.  36
    On the Subject of Neoliberalism: Rethinking Resistance in the Critique of Neoliberal Rationality.Lars Cornelissen - 2018 - Constellations 25 (1):133-146.
  47. Dissolving the Moral Dilemma of Whistleblowing.Lars Lindblom - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 76 (4):413-426.
    The ethical debate on whistleblowing concerns centrally the conflict between the right to political free speech and the duty of loyalty to the organization where one works. This is the moral dilemma of whistleblowing. Political free speech is justified because it is a central part of liberal democracy, whereas loyalty can be motivated as a way of showing consideration for one’s associates. The political philosophy of John Rawls is applied to this dilemma, and it is shown that the requirement of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  48.  21
    The Methodology of Rational Choice.Lars Udehn - forthcoming - Philosophy of the Social Sciences.
  49.  24
    Causation and Liability to Defensive Harm.Lars Christie - 2020 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 37 (3):378-392.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  50.  50
    Are Ethical Codes of Conduct Toothless Tigers for Dealing with Employment Discrimination?Lars-Eric Petersen & Franciska Krings - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (4):501-514.
    This study examined the influence of two organizational context variables, codes of conduct and supervisor advice, on personnel decisions in an experimental simulation. Specifically, we studied personnel evaluations and decisions in a situation where codes of conduct conflict with supervisor advice. Past studies showed that supervisors’ advice to prefer ingroup over outgroup candidates leads to discriminatory personnel selection decisions. We extended this line of research by studying how codes of conduct and code enforcement may reduce this form of discrimination. Eighty (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
1 — 50 / 1000