Results for 'Lars Oystein Ursin'

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  1.  38
    Privacy and property in the biobank context.Lars Oystein Ursin - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (3):211-224.
    A research biobank is a collection of personal health and lifestyle information, including genetic samples of yet unknown but possibly large information potential about the participant. For the participants, the risk of taking part is not bodily harm but infringements of their privacy and the harmful consequences such infringements might have. But what do we mean by privacy? Which harms are we talking about? To address such questions we need to get a grip on what privacy is all about and (...)
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  2.  23
    Withholding and Withdrawing Life-Sustaining Treatment: Ethically Equivalent?Lars Øystein Ursin - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (3):10-20.
    Withholding and withdrawing treatment are widely regarded as ethically equivalent in medical guidelines and ethics literature. Health care personnel, however, widely perceive moral differences between withholding and withdrawing. The proponents of equivalence argue that any perceived difference can be explained in terms of cognitive biases and flawed reasoning. Thus, policymakers should clear away any resistance to accept the equivalence stance by moral education. To embark on such a campaign of changing attitudes, we need to be convinced that the ethical analysis (...)
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  3.  79
    Personal autonomy and informed consent.Lars Øystein Ursin - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (1):17-24.
    Two ways of understanding the notion of autonomy are outlined and discussed in this article, in order to clarify how and if informed consent requirements in biotechnological research are to be justified by the promotion of personal autonomy: A proceduralist conception linking autonomy with authenticity, and a substantivist conception linking autonomy with control. The importance of distinguishing autonomy from liberty is emphasised, which opens for a possible conflict between respecting the freedom and the autonomy of research participants. It is argued (...)
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  4.  2
    Postponed Withholding: Balanced Decision-Making at the Margins of Viability.Janicke Syltern, Lars Ursin, Berge Solberg & Ragnhild Støen - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 22 (11):15-26.
    Advances in neonatology have led to improved survival for periviable infants. Immaturity still carries a high risk of short- and long-term harms, and uncertainty turns provision of life support int...
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  5.  18
    Being Polite: Why Biobank Consent Comprehension Is Neither a Requirement nor an Aspiration.Berge Solberg & Lars Ursin - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):31-33.
    Volume 19, Issue 5, May 2019, Page 31-33.
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  6. Biobank research and the right to privacy.Lars Øystein Ursin - 2008 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (4):267-285.
    What is privacy? What does privacy mean in relation to biobanking, in what way do the participants have an interest in privacy, (why) is there a right to privacy, and how should the privacy issue be regulated when it comes to biobank research? A relational view of privacy is argued for in this article, which takes as its basis a general discussion of several concepts of privacy and attempts at grounding privacy rights. In promoting and protecting the rights that participants (...)
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  7.  7
    «If you give them your little finger, they’ll tear off your entire arm»: losing trust in biobank research.Lars Ursin, Borgunn Ytterhus, Erik Christensen & John-Arne Skolbekken - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (4):565-576.
    Why do some people withdraw from biobank studies? To our knowledge, very few studies have been done on the reflections of biobank ex-participants. In this article, we report from such a study. 16 years ago, we did focus group interviews with biobank participants and ex-participants. We found that the two groups interestingly shared worries concerning the risks involved in possible novel uses of their biobank material, even though they drew opposite conclusions from their worries. Revisiting these interviews today reveals a (...)
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  8.  29
    The Ethics of the Meat Paradox.Lars Ursin - 2016 - Environmental Ethics 38 (2):131-144.
  9.  15
    Withholding Versus Withdrawing Treatment: Why Medical Guidelines Should Omit “Theoretical Equivalence”.Lars Øystein Ursin - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (6):W5-W9.
    Volume 19, Issue 6, June 2019, Page W5-W9.
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  10.  17
    Ethics of dead participants: policy recommendations for biobank research.Lars Ursin & Maria Stuifbergen - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (10):695-699.
    Respecting people’s consent choices for use of their material and data is a cornerstone of biobank ethics. Participation in biobanks is characteristically based on broad consent that presupposes an ongoing possibility of informing and interacting with participants over time. The death of a participant means the end of any interaction, but usually not the end of participation. Research on causes of death makes biobank material from deceased participants extremely valuable. But as new research questions and methods develop over time, the (...)
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  11.  26
    We’re not in it for the money—lay people’s moral intuitions on commercial use of ‘their’ biobank.Kristin Solum Steinsbekk, Lars Øystein Ursin, John-Arne Skolbekken & Berge Solberg - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (2):151-162.
    Great hope has been placed on biobank research as a strategy to improve diagnostics, therapeutics and prevention. It seems to be a common opinion that these goals cannot be reached without the participation of commercial actors. However, commercial use of biobanks is considered morally problematic and the commercialisation of human biological materials is regulated internationally by policy documents, conventions and laws. For instance, the Council of Europe recommends that: “Biological materials should not, as such, give rise to financial gain”. Similarly, (...)
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  12.  23
    Think Global, Buy National: CSR, Cooperatives and Consumer Concerns in the Norwegian Food Value Chain.Lars Ursin, Bjørn Kåre Myskja & Siri Granum Carson - 2016 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (3):387-405.
    In a world where issues of food safety and food security are increasingly important, the social responsibility of central actors in the food chain—producers and the main grocery chains—becomes more pressing. As a response, these actors move from implicitly assuming social responsibilities implied in laws, regulations and ethical customs, towards explicitly expressing social responsibilities. In this paper, we discuss the ethical values relevant for the social responsibility of central food producers and retailers in Norway, one of the most subsidized and (...)
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  13. Wyller orienterer.Lars Øystein Ursin - 2007 - Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 42 (4):316-317.
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  14.  7
    When is normative recruitment legitimate?Lars Øystein Ursin & Berge Solberg - 2008 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 2 (2):93-113.
    Rosamond Rhodes and John Harris have both recently argued that we all have a general moral duty to participate in medical research. However, neither Rhodes' nor Harris' arguments in support of this obligation stand up to scrutiny, and severe and convincing criticism has been levelled against their case. Still, to refute their arguments is not to refute the conclusion. There seems to be some truth in the view that when people are asked to take part in medical research, their choice (...)
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  15.  3
    The normative dimensions of new technologies.Lars Ursin, Per-Erling Movik & Allen Alvarez - 2015 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 1 (1):1-4.
    This special issue of Etikk i praksis features papers that articulate and discuss approaches and methodology that seek to make normative research activity and research output productive in contexts of ongoing societal and technological decision-making. The articles in various ways and to a varying degree exemplify and reflect on the methodology of the study of normativity in innovation.
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  16.  1
    The Responsibility of Farmers, Public Authorities and Consumers for Safeguarding Bees Against Harmful Pesticides.Anna Birgitte Milford, Bjørn Arild Hatteland & Lars Øystein Ursin - 2022 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 35 (3):1-22.
    The worldwide decline in bees and other pollinating insects is a threat to biodiversity and food security, and urgent action must be taken to stop and then reverse this decline. An established cause of the insect decline is the use of harmful pesticides in agriculture. This case study focuses on the use of pesticides in Norwegian apple production and considers who among farmers, consumers and public authorities is most responsible for protecting bees against harmful pesticides. The extent to which these (...)
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  17.  8
    European Electronic Personal Health Records initiatives and vulnerable migrants: A need for greater ethical, legal and social safeguards.Oliver Feeney, Gabriele Werner‐Felmayer, Helena Siipi, Markus Frischhut, Silvia Zullo, Ursela Barteczko, Lars Øystein Ursin, Shai Linn, Heike Felzmann, Dušanka Krajnović, John Saunders & Vojin Rakić - 2020 - Developing World Bioethics 20 (1):27-37.
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  18.  38
    Conceptualizing creativity and innovation as affective processes: Steve Jobs, Lars von Trier, and responsible innovation.Lars Geer Hammershøj - 2018 - Philosophy of Management 17 (1):115-131.
    The aim of this article is to contribute to responsible innovation by developing a conceptual framework for the processes of creativity and innovation. The hypothesis is that creative and innovative processes are similar in that both are affective in nature. I develop this conceptual framework through an interpretation of the insights of Henri Poincaré’s notion of the ‘four stages’ in the creative process and Joseph Schumpeter’s notion of the entrepreneur. Building on this framework, I analyze the creative and innovative practices (...)
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  19.  30
    Miriam Van Reijen, Lars Aagaard-Mogensen, Judy Wubnig, Philip L. Peterson.Miriam Van Reijen, Lars Aagaard-Mogensen, Judy Wubnig & Philip L. Peterson - 1988 - Philosophie Et Culture: Actes du XVIIe Congrès Mondial de Philosophie 5:615-615.
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  20. Sur la laideur. [Actes du symposium On Ugliness, organizé par Lars Aagaard- Mogensen au Wassard Elea (Ascea, Italie) en juin 2016].Bertrand Naivin & Lars Aagaard-Mogensen (eds.) - 2017
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  21.  5
    The Exact Sciences in Antiquity.Oystein Ore - 1959 - Philosophy of Science 26 (2):155-155.
  22.  29
    Wittgenstein's books at the Bertrand Russell archives and the influence of scientific literature on Wittgenstein's early philosophy.Oystein Hide - 2004 - Philosophical Investigations 27 (1):68–91.
  23. On Witness-Discernibility of Elementary Particles.Oystein Linnebo & F. A. Muller - 2013 - Erkenntnis 78 (5):1133-1142.
    In the context of discussions about the nature of ‘identical particles’ and the status of Leibniz’s Principle of the Identity of Indiscernibles in Quantum Mechanics, a novel kind of physical discernibility has recently been proposed, which we call witness-discernibility. We inquire into how witness-discernibility relates to known kinds of discernibility. Our conclusion will be that for a wide variety of cases, including the intended quantum-mechanical ones, witness-discernibility collapses extensionally to absolute discernibility, that is, to discernibility by properties.
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  24.  16
    Claudia Leeb’s The Politics of Repressed Guilt: The Tragedy of Austrian Silence with David W. McIvor, Lars Rensmann, and Claudia Leeb.Claudia Leeb, David W. McIvor & Lars Rensmann - 2020 - Critical Horizons 21 (1):63-79.
    In this article, I respond to David McIvor’s and Lars Rensmann’s discussion of my recent book, The Politics of Repressed Guilt: The Tragedy of Austrian Silence (2018, Edinburgh University Press). Both invited me to clarify my use of Arendt in my conception of embodied reflective judgment. I argue for a stronger connection between judgment and emotions than Arendt because one can effectively shut down critical thinking if one uses defense mechanisms to repress feelings of guilt. In response to McIvor, (...)
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  25.  7
    Ore Oystein. Theory of equivalence relations. Duke mathematical journal, vol. 9 , pp. 573–627.J. C. C. McKinsey - 1943 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 8 (2):55-56.
  26.  6
    Review: Oystein Ore, Theory of Equivalence Relations. [REVIEW]J. C. C. McKinsey - 1943 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 8 (1):55-56.
  27. Ontology and the concept of an object.Oystein Linnebo - manuscript
    When people deny that there are objects of a certain kind, they normally take this to be a reason to stop speaking as if such objects existed. For instance, when atheists deny the existence of God, they take this to be a reason to stop speaking about God’s will or His mercy. Or, to take a more mundane example, when people deny that there are round squares or that there are unicorns, they take this to be a reason to stop (...)
     
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  28. To be is to be an F 1. introduction.Oystein Linnebo - manuscript
    Is the natural number 3 identical with the Roman emperor Julius Caesar? In Grundlagen Frege raised some peculiar questions of this sort.1 There are two kinds of intuitions regarding such questions. On the one hand, these questions seem not only to be pointless but to be downright meaningless. Regardless of how much arithmetic one studies, no answer to the opening question will be forthcoming. Arithmetic tells us that 3 is the successor of 2 and that it is prime, but not (...)
     
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  29.  23
    Theory of Equivalence Relations.Oystein Ore - 1943 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 8 (1):55-56.
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  30. Science with Numbers: A Naturalistic Defense of Mathematical Platonism.Oystein Linnebo - 2002 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    My thesis discusses the unique challenge that platonistic mathematics poses to philosophical naturalism. It has two main parts. ;The first part discusses the three most important approaches to my problem found in the literature: First, W. V. Quine's holistic empiricist defense of mathematical platonism; then, the nominalists' argument that mathematical platonism is naturalistically unacceptable; and finally, a radical form of naturalism, due to John Burgess and Penelope Maddy, which dismisses any philosophical criticism of a successful science such as mathematics. I (...)
     
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  31.  67
    A Philosophy of Boredom.Lars Svendsen - 2005 - Reaktion Books.
    In this book Lars Svendsen examines the nature of boredom, how it originated, its history, how and why it afflicts us, and why we cannot seem to overcome it by any act of will.
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  32. Review on "Three Models for the Description of Language" by Noam Chomsky. [REVIEW]Lars Svenonius - 1956 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 23 (1):71-72.
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  33.  31
    Conflicting Aims and Values in the Application of Smart Sensors in Geriatric Rehabilitation: Ethical Analysis.Christopher Predel, Cristian Timmermann, Frank Ursin, Marcin Orzechowski, Timo Ropinski & Florian Steger - 2022 - JMIR mHealth and uHealth 10 (6):e32910.
    Background: Smart sensors have been developed as diagnostic tools for rehabilitation to cover an increasing number of geriatric patients. They promise to enable an objective assessment of complex movement patterns. -/- Objective: This research aimed to identify and analyze the conflicting ethical values associated with smart sensors in geriatric rehabilitation and provide ethical guidance on the best use of smart sensors to all stakeholders, including technology developers, health professionals, patients, and health authorities. -/- Methods: On the basis of a systematic (...)
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  34.  29
    Explicability of artificial intelligence in radiology: Is a fifth bioethical principle conceptually necessary?Frank Ursin, Cristian Timmermann & Florian Steger - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (2):143-153.
    Recent years have witnessed intensive efforts to specify which requirements ethical artificial intelligence (AI) must meet. General guidelines for ethical AI consider a varying number of principles important. A frequent novel element in these guidelines, that we have bundled together under the term explicability, aims to reduce the black-box character of machine learning algorithms. The centrality of this element invites reflection on the conceptual relation between explicability and the four bioethical principles. This is important because the application of general ethical (...)
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  35.  74
    Book Review: Oystein Linnebo, Thin Objects.Matti Eklund - 2021 - Philosophical Review 130 (2):330-335.
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  36.  15
    Flight and defense in cats with septal lesions.H. Ursin, D. C. Blanchard, R. Blanchard & R. Ursin - 1981 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 17 (4):206-208.
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  37.  19
    Distinction between euthanasia and palliative sedation is clear-cut.Lars Johan Materstvedt - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (1):55-56.
    This article is a response to Thomas David Riisfeldt’s paper entitled ‘Weakening the ethical distinction between euthanasia, palliative opioid use and palliative sedation’. It is shown that as far as euthanasia and palliative sedation are concerned, Riisfeldt has not established that a common ground, or a similarity, between the two is the relief of suffering. Quite the contrary, this is not characteristic of euthanasia, neither by definition nor from a clinical point of view. Hence, the argument hinges on a conceptually (...)
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  38.  43
    On the subject of neoliberalism: Rethinking resistance in the critique of neoliberal rationality.Lars Cornelissen - 2018 - Constellations 25 (1):133-146.
  39.  18
    The Rainbow, from Myth to Mathematics. Carl B. Boyer. [REVIEW]Oystein Ore - 1960 - Philosophy of Science 27 (2):207-208.
  40.  12
    The Exact Sciences in Antiquity. O. Neugebauer. [REVIEW]Oystein Ore - 1959 - Philosophy of Science 26 (2):155-155.
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  41.  15
    Leonhard Euler und Christian Goldbach Briefwechsel 1729-1764 by A. P. Juskevic; E. Winter. [REVIEW]Oystein Ore - 1966 - Isis 57:506-507.
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  42.  38
    Kant’s Aesthetic Theory.Lars Aagaard - Mogensen - 1974 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 33 (3):347-348.
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  43.  2
    The birth of the “digital turn” in bioethics?Sabine Salloch & Frank Ursin - forthcoming - Bioethics.
    The so-called “empirical turn” in bioethics gave rise to extensive theoretical and methodological debates and has significantly shaped the research landscape from two decades ago until the present day. Attentive observers of the evolution of the bioethical research field now notice a new trend towards the inclusion of data science methods for the treatment of ethical research questions. This new research domain of “digital bioethics” encompasses both studies replacing (or complementing) socio-empirical research on bioethical topics (“empirical digital bioethics”) and argumentative (...)
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  44.  10
    Leonhard Euler und Christian Goldbach Briefwechsel 1729-1764A. P. Juskevic E. Winter.Oystein Ore - 1966 - Isis 57 (4):506-507.
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  45.  9
    Riguet Jacques. Quelques propriétés des relations difonctionnelles. Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des Sciences , vol. 230 , pp. 1999–2000. [REVIEW]Oystein Ore - 1951 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 16 (1):61-61.
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  46.  8
    Riguet Jacques. Relations binaires, fermetures, correspondences de Galois. Bulletin de la Société Mathématique de France, vol. 76 , pp. 114–155. [REVIEW]Oystein Ore - 1951 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 16 (1):61-61.
  47.  98
    Shared Decision Making, Paternalism and Patient Choice.Lars Sandman & Christian Munthe - 2010 - Health Care Analysis 18 (1):60-84.
    In patient centred care, shared decision making is a central feature and widely referred to as a norm for patient centred medical consultation. However, it is far from clear how to distinguish SDM from standard models and ideals for medical decision making, such as paternalism and patient choice, and e.g., whether paternalism and patient choice can involve a greater degree of the sort of sharing involved in SDM and still retain their essential features. In the article, different versions of SDM (...)
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  48.  50
    Are Ethical Codes of Conduct Toothless Tigers for Dealing with Employment Discrimination?Lars-Eric Petersen & Franciska Krings - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (4):501-514.
    This study examined the influence of two organizational context variables, codes of conduct and supervisor advice, on personnel decisions in an experimental simulation. Specifically, we studied personnel evaluations and decisions in a situation where codes of conduct conflict with supervisor advice. Past studies showed that supervisors’ advice to prefer ingroup over outgroup candidates leads to discriminatory personnel selection decisions. We extended this line of research by studying how codes of conduct and code enforcement may reduce this form of discrimination. Eighty (...)
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  49.  5
    Review: Jacques Riguet, Relations Binaires, Fermetures, Correspondances de Galois. [REVIEW]Oystein Ore - 1951 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 16 (1):61-61.
  50. Digitalisierung, Daten und KI in Medizin und Pflege. Virtuelles Nachwuchskolloquium des „Netzwerks Junge Medizinethik“.Philipp Karschuck, Svenja Wiertz, Frank Ursin, Wenke Liedtke, Kris Vera Hartmann & Florian Funer - 2021 - Ethik in der Medizin 33 (3):415-420.
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