Results for 'Lars Peter ��sterdal'

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  1.  8
    An Inquiry Into the Principles of Needs‐Based Allocation of Health Care.Lars Peter Østerdal Tony Hope - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (9):470-480.
    ABSTRACTThe concept of need is often proposed as providing an additional or alternative criterion to cost‐effectiveness in making allocation decisions in health care. If it is to be of practical value it must be sufficiently precisely characterized to be useful to decision makers. This will require both an account of how degree of need for an intervention is to be determined and a prioritization rule that clarifies how degree of need and the cost of the intervention interact in determining the (...)
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  2.  77
    An Inquiry Into the Principles of Needs-Based Allocation of Health Care.Tony Hope, Lars Peter Østerdal & Andreas Hasman - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (9):470-480.
    The concept of need is often proposed as providing an additional or alternative criterion to cost-effectiveness in making allocation decisions in health care. If it is to be of practical value it must be sufficiently precisely characterized to be useful to decision makers. This will require both an account of how degree of need for an intervention is to be determined and a prioritization rule that clarifies how degree of need and the cost of the intervention interact in determining the (...)
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  3.  82
    Pascal’s and Tabarrok’s Wagers.Lars Peter Østerdal - 2004 - Theory and Decision 57 (1):1-4.
    In a recent paper A. Tabarrok [Believe in Pascal’s Wager? Have I Got a Deal for You!, Theory and Decision 48, 123--128, 2000] argued that a believer who accepts Pascal’s Wager should in addition accept payment of any given fee in return for a given increase in the probability of reaching God. However the conclusion is obtained from manipulations of infinities which are not valid in an expected utility model. In this note, an alternative model is formulated in which Tabarrok’s (...)
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  4.  40
    Equal Value of Life and the Pareto Principle.Andreas Hasman & Lars Peter Østerdal - 2004 - Economics and Philosophy 20 (1):19-33.
    A principle claiming equal entitlement to continued life has been strongly defended in the literature as a fundamental social value. We refer to this principle as ‘equal value of life'. In this paper we argue that there is a general incompatibility between the equal value of life principle and the weak Pareto principle and provide proof of this under mild structural assumptions. Moreover we demonstrate that a weaker, age-dependent version of the equal value of life principle is also incompatible with (...)
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  5.  12
    Robustness.Lars Peter Hansen & Thomas J. Sargent - 2007 - Princeton University Press.
    Technical, rigorous, and self-contained, this book will be useful for macroeconomists who seek to improve the robustness of decision-making processes.
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  6. Advances in Economics and Econometrics 3 Volume Paperback Set: Theory and Applications, Eighth World Congress.Mathias Dewatripont, Lars Peter Hansen & Stephen J. Turnovsky (eds.) - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is a set of three volumes containing edited versions of papers and commentaries presented in invited symposium sessions of the Eighth World Congress of the Econometric Society. The papers summarize and interpret recent key developments and discuss future directions in a wide range of topics in economics and econometrics. The papers cover both theory and applications. Written by leading specialists in their fields, these volumes provide a unique survey of progress in the discipline.
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  7. Advances in Economics and Econometrics: Volume 1: Theory and Applications, Eighth World Congress.Mathias Dewatripont, Lars Peter Hansen & Stephen J. Turnovsky (eds.) - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is the first of three volumes containing edited versions of papers and commentaries presented in invited symposium sessions of the Eighth World Congress of the Econometric Society. The papers summarize and interpret recent key developments and discuss future directions in a wide range of topics in economics and econometrics. The papers cover both theory and applications. Written by leading specialists in their fields these volumes provide a unique survey of progress in the discipline.
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  8. Advances in Economics and Econometrics: Volume 2: Theory and Applications, Eighth World Congress.Mathias Dewatripont, Lars Peter Hansen & Stephen J. Turnovsky (eds.) - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is the second of three volumes containing edited versions of papers and commentaries presented in invited symposium sessions of the Eighth World Congress of the Econometric Society. The papers summarize and interpret key developments and discuss future directions in a wide range of topics in economics and econometrics. The papers cover both theory and applications. Written by leading specialists in their fields, these volumes provide a unique survey of progress in the discipline.
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  9. Advances in Economics and Econometrics: Volume 3: Theory and Applications, Eighth World Congress.Mathias Dewatripont, Lars Peter Hansen & Stephen J. Turnovsky (eds.) - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is the third of three volumes containing edited versions of papers and commentaries presented in invited symposium sessions of the Eighth World Congress of the Econometric Society. The papers summarize and interpret recent developments and discuss future directions in a wide range of topics in economics and econometrics. The papers cover both theory and applications. Written by leading specialists in their fields, these volumes provide a unique survey of progress in the discipline.
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  10.  22
    Den Danske Æstetik Ca. 1860-1910.Lars Peter Rømhild - 1991 - Nordic Journal of Aesthetics 4 (6).
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  11.  22
    Health Care Need: Three Interpretations.Andreas Hasman, Tony Hope & Lars Peter Osterdal - 2006 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 23 (2):145–156.
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  12. Structure, Content, Unsafe Abbreviations, and Completeness of Discharge Summaries: A Retrospective Analysis in a University Hospital in Austria.Christine Maria Schwarz, Magdalena Hoffmann, Christian Smolle, Michael Eiber, Bianca Stoiser, Gudrun Pregartner, LarsPeter Kamolz & Gerald Sendlhofer - forthcoming - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice.
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  13.  28
    Christian Heretics in Late Imperial China: Christian Inculturation and State Control, 1720–1850. By Lars Peter Laamann.Patrick Madigan - 2011 - Heythrop Journal 52 (5):895-896.
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  14.  62
    Popper's Situational Analysis and Contemporary Sociology.Peter Hedström, Richard Swedberg & Lars Udéhn - 1998 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 28 (3):339-364.
    This article assesses the value of Karl Popper's situational analysis for contem porary sociology We maintain that this element of Popper's social science methodology has been largely neglected by sociologists and suggest that this is because it is borrowed from economics. As such, situational analysis has much in common with recent attempts to introduce rational choice in sociology. Our main question is this: What is the contribution of situational analysis to the current debate about rational choice in sociology? Our answer (...)
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  15.  27
    A Psychometric Evaluation of the Danish Version of the Theory of Mind Storybook for 8–14 Year-Old Children.Lars Clemmensen, Agna A. Bartels-Velthuis, Rókur av F. Jespersen, Jim van Os, Els M. A. Blijd-Hoogewys, Lise Ankerstrøm, Mette Væver, Peter F. Daniel, Marjan Drukker, Pia Jeppesen & Jens R. M. Jepsen - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  16.  38
    A Model in Which the Base-Matrix Tree Cannot Have Cofinal Branches.Peter Lars Dordal - 1987 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 52 (3):651-664.
    A model of ZFC is constructed in which the distributivity cardinal h is 2 ℵ 0 = ℵ 2 , and in which there are no ω 2 -towers in [ω] ω . As an immediate corollary, it follows that any base-matrix tree in this model has no cofinal branches. The model is constructed via a form of iterated Mathias forcing, in which a mixture of finite and countable supports is used.
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  17.  12
    Towers in [Ω]Ω and Ωω.Peter Lars Dordal - 1989 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 45 (3):247-276.
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  18.  25
    From Thoughts to Voices: Understanding the Development of Auditory Hallucinations in Schizophrenia.Peter Handest, Christoph Klimpke, Andrea Raballo & Frank Larøi - 2016 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 7 (3):595-610.
    Drawing upon core phenomenological contributions of the last decades, the present paper provides an integrated description of the development of auditory hallucinations in schizophrenia. Specifically, these contributions are the transitional sequences of development of psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia as envisioned by Klosterkötter and rooted in the basic symptoms approach, Conrad’s Gestalt-analysis of developing psychosis, and Sass and Parnas’ self-disturbance approach. Klosterkötter’s contribution provides a general descriptive psychopathological approach to the transitional sequence of the development of auditory hallucinations. The key concepts (...)
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  19.  26
    Peter Dabrock, Lars Klinnert, Stefanie Schardien (2004) Menschenwürde und Lebensschutz. Herausforderungen theologischer Bioethik: Gütersloher Verlagshaus, Gütersloh, 367 Seiten, ISBN 3-579-05417-1, EUR 29,95.Christian Lenk - 2005 - Ethik in der Medizin 17 (2):181-182.
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  20.  6
    Semiotic Engineering.Peter Bøgh Andersen & Lars Mathiassen - 2002 - Semiotica 2002 (142).
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  21.  30
    Review of Lars Bo Gundersen, Dispositional Theories of Knowledge: A Defense of Aetiological Foundationalism, Ashgate Publishers 2003, 150 Pp. [REVIEW]Peter J. Graham - 2005 - SATS 6 (1):166-172.
  22. Review of Peter Winch: Trying to make sense. [REVIEW]Lars Hertzberg - 1988 - Theoria 54 (2):153.
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  23.  33
    Choice Blindness and the Non-Unitary Nature of the Human Mind.Petter Johansson, Lars Hall & Peter Gärdenfors - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (1):28-29.
    Experiments on choice blindness support von Hippel & Trivers's (VH&T's) conception of the mind as fundamentally divided, but they also highlight a problem for VH&T's idea of non-conscious self-deception: If I try to trick you into believing that I have a certain preference, and the best way is to also trick myself, I might actually end up having that preference, at all levels of processing.
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  24.  17
    Historia Norwegie. Inger Ekrem, Lars Boje Mortensen, Peter Fisher.John Lindow - 2005 - Speculum 80 (4):1271-1272.
  25.  2
    Religionskritik Efter Guds Død.Mads Peter Karlsen & Lars Sandbeck (eds.) - 2009 - Anis.
  26.  8
    A Similarity-Based Process for Human Judgment in the Parietal Cortex.Linnea Karlsson Wirebring, Sara Stillesjö, Johan Eriksson, Peter Juslin & Lars Nyberg - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  27.  1
    Software Tools for Practical Work with Formal Task Descriptions.Thomas Strothotte, Peter W. Fach, Erik J. Olsson & Lars Reichert - 1991 - In Ulich Ackermann (ed.), Software-Ergonomie. pp. 373-382.
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  28.  10
    Neurocognitive Processes Underlying Heuristic and Normative Probability Judgments.Linus Andersson, Johan Eriksson, Sara Stillesjö, Peter Juslin, Lars Nyberg & Linnea Karlsson Wirebring - 2020 - Cognition 196:104153.
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  29.  4
    Brain-Based Binary Communication Using Spatiotemporal Features of fNIRS Responses.Laurien Nagels-Coune, Amaia Benitez-Andonegui, Niels Reuter, Michael Lührs, Rainer Goebel, Peter De Weerd, Lars Riecke & Bettina Sorger - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  30.  11
    Legitimacy: The Treasure of Politics by Tage Kurtén and Lars Hertzberg, Eds.: Frankfurt Am Main: Peter Lang, 2011.Mika Obara-Minnitt - 2015 - Human Rights Review 16 (2):195-196.
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  31.  16
    Giving Hostages to Irrationality?Lars Hertzberg - 2017 - Nordic Wittgenstein Review 6 (2):7-30.
    Peter Winch, following Wittgenstein, was critical of the notion that philosophy could pass judgment on matters like the sense of words, the rationality of actions, or the validity of arguments. His critique had both what we might call a local strand – the insight that criteria of thought and action are not universal but vary between cultures and between practices – and a personal strand – the insight that those local criteria are ultimately given shape through the particular applications (...)
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  32.  26
    The Technological Construction of the Self.Lars Botin - 2015 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 19 (2):211-232.
    This paper aims at constructing the ontological and epistemological background for a methodology to be applied in Techno-Anthropological reflection and practice. The background is constructed as a patchwork, where structuralism, constructivism and post-phenomenology are woven together in order to support Techno-Anthropological reflection and practice in relation to the construction of the self through and with technology. The paper will specifically address what has been named the morality of things, primarily by Jacques Ellul, Hans Jonas, Michel Foucault and Peter-Paul Verbeek. (...)
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  33.  19
    Experience, Reality and Conditions for Description.Lars Brink - 1968 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 11 (1-4):85 – 100.
    This paper deals with the problem of the External World, taking its point of departure in Peter Zinkernagel's Conditions for Description. In the first section I try to give an outline of the theses contained in that book. In the second I raise a main objection against it, pointing out that Zinkernagel, in one respect, has not sufficiently sharpened the argumentation between phenomenalism and realism. In the third section I turn realism and phenomenalism sharply against each other, presenting the (...)
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  34. “Bad Form”: Contemporary Cinema’s Turn To The Perverse: David Lynch: Lost Highway Lars Von Trier: Breaking The Waves.Hester Joyce & Scott Wilson - 2009 - Colloquy 18:132.
    The form of Western mainstream film is the crux of its ideological efficiency: by using established formal techniques, films ensure audiences un- derstand that aesthetic decisions support and clarify the narrative to ensure maximum spectatorial satisfaction. However, some films exploit their formal aesthetics in order to prevent clarification, thwarting satisfaction in favour of viewing practices that can be considered perverse in that they withhold, suspend or obstruct immediate pleasure. Contemporary Western filmmaking in the mid-1990s witnessed the emergence of a distinct (...)
     
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  35.  34
    Concepts of Randomness.Peter Kirschenmann - 1972 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 1 (3/4):395 - 414.
    I. INTRODUCTION The notion of randomness has always been rather perplexing. Altho it is frequently used in natural and social science, both technically a informally, it seems to have been somewhat neglected by philosophers o science ever since the discussion of the foundations of the so-called fre- quency theory of probability, in which it was assigned a basic role, faded. Yet this discussion is of such significance that any attempt clarifying the notion of randomness will have to relate to it. (...)
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  36. Scotland as a Site of Sacrifice.Marmysz John - 2014 - Film International 12 (2):6-17.
    Friedrich Nietzsche delineates three stages of sacrificial behavior. The first stage consists of the sacrifice of particular human beings to a god. The second stage involves the sacrifice of one’s own instincts to a god, and the third stage culminates in the sacrifice of God himself. This last stage describes the death of God and signals the “final cruelty” of our present times. Our age is the age of nihilism, the point in history during which humans “sacrifice God for the (...)
     
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  37. Territorial Investigations: Including the Smooth Space Project.Annette W. Balkema & Henk Slager (eds.) - 1999 - Brill | Rodopi.
    Nowadays there are many spaces of fascination in visual art. Of course, installative space and contextual space have been on the art scene for awhile. However, they are now accompanied by other spaces such as urban space, architectural space, cyberspace, hyperspace, and screen-based space. In this volume, architects, artists, theorists, three symposia and four exhibitions attempt to find answers to questions such as: Could the architectonic study and/or deconstruction of space play a decisive role in the shift of attention to (...)
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  38.  37
    Ethics in the Wake of Wittgenstein.Benjamin De Mesel & Oskari Kuusela (eds.) - 2019 - New York: Routledge.
    Edited collection on Wittgensteinian ethics. With contributions by Oskari Kuusela, Edward Harcourt, Anne-Marie Christensen, Sabina Lovibond, Alexander Miller, Benjamin De Mesel, Cora Diamond, Lars Hertzberg, Jeremy Johnson, Craig Taylor, Alice Crary, Lynette Reid.
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  39.  36
    Conceptualizing Creativity and Innovation as Affective Processes: Steve Jobs, Lars von Trier, and Responsible Innovation.Lars Geer Hammershøj - 2018 - Philosophy of Management 17 (1):115-131.
    The aim of this article is to contribute to responsible innovation by developing a conceptual framework for the processes of creativity and innovation. The hypothesis is that creative and innovative processes are similar in that both are affective in nature. I develop this conceptual framework through an interpretation of the insights of Henri Poincaré’s notion of the ‘four stages’ in the creative process and Joseph Schumpeter’s notion of the entrepreneur. Building on this framework, I analyze the creative and innovative practices (...)
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  40.  9
    Exact Philosophy: Problems, Tools and Goals. [REVIEW]H. M. - 1974 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (4):787-787.
    This book consists of a series of papers "read and discussed at the first Symposium of Exact Philosophy" at Montreal in 1971. "Exact philosophy," the editor says, means "mathematical philosophy, i.e., philosophy done with the explicit help of mathematical logic and mathematics." Judging from the contents, a more accurate statement would be that "exact philosophy" means formal semantics and modal logic. Two thirds of the papers are on these topics. The others include an essay on "Concepts of Randomness" by (...) Kirschenmann; a characteristically difficult paper on "Plato’s Phaedo Theory of Relations" by Hector Castañeda; a somewhat inexact discursus on "Foundations as a Branch of Mathematics" by William Hatcher with a reply by Charles Castonguay; and a paper by Raimo Tuomela on "Deductive Explanation of Scientific Laws", or, more exactly, on Ohmer’s discussion of that topic. The subject’s are highly specialized and their treatment is complex. In addition to those mentioned, other essays are "Matters of Relevance" by Hugues Leblanc, with an answer by Brian Chellas; "Translation and Reduction" by Lars Svenonius; "A Program for the Semantics of Science" by Mario Bunge; "S-P Interrogatives" by Nuel Belnap; "The Logic of Conditional Obligation" by Bas C. Van Frassen with commentary by Harry Beaty; and "The Intuitive Background of Normative Legal Discourse and Its Formalization" by Carlos E. Alchourron.—M.H. (shrink)
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  41. Philosophie Und Wissenschaft / Philosophy and Science.Jürgen Stolzenberg & Fred Rush (eds.) - 2011 - De Gruyter.
    The contributions to volume 8 of the Internationales Jahrbuch des Deutschen Idealismus/International Yearbook of German Idealism pursue from various perspectives the multifarious relations of German Idealism to the natural sciences and mathematics. The concepts of nature and of the basis for mathematics develop complexly in German philosophy after Kant. At issue are: the foundation of mathematics; the relation of freedom to nature; the significance of philosophy to emerging research in biology, chemistry, and physics, and reconsideration of the thought of Leibniz (...)
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  42. Peter Abelard's Ethics.Peter Abélard - 1971 - Oxford, Clarendon Press.
    A penetrating and historically important critique of medieval moral thought.
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  43.  36
    I–Peter Simons.Peter Simons - 2000 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 74 (1):59-75.
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  44.  46
    II—Peter Milne: What is the Normative Role of Logic?Peter Milne - 2009 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 83 (1):269-298.
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  45.  27
    I—Peter Goldie: Virtues of Art and Human Well-Being.Peter Goldie - 2008 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 82 (1):179-195.
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  46.  46
    Peter Abelard: Collationes.Peter Abelard (ed.) - 2001 - Clarendon Press.
    Peter Abelard was one of the most influential writers and thinkers of the twelfth century, famed for his skill in logic as well as his romance with Heloise. His Collationes - or Dialogue between a Christian, a Philosopher, and a Jew - is remarkable for the boldness of its conception and thought.
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  47.  22
    I—Peter Millican: Humes Old and New Four Fashionable Falsehoods, and One Unfashionable Truth.Peter Millican & Helen Beebee - 2007 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 81 (1):163-199.
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  48.  16
    Peter McLaren’s Response to Michael Peters.Peter McLaren - 2019 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 52 (8):838-843.
    Volume 52, Issue 8, July 2020, Page 838-843.
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  49. Do Animals Feel Pain?: Peter Harrison.Peter Harrison - 1991 - Philosophy 66 (255):25-40.
    In an oft-quoted passage from The Principles of Morals and Legislation, Jeremy Bentham addresses the issue of our treatment of animals with the following words: ‘the question is not, Can they reason? nor, can they talk? but, Can they suffer?’ The point is well taken, for surely if animals suffer, they are legitimate objects of our moral concern. It is curious therefore, given the current interest in the moral status of animals, that Bentham's question has been assumed to be merely (...)
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  50.  64
    Peter Abelard.Peter King - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Peter Abelard (1079 – 21 April 1142) [‘Abailard’ or ‘Abaelard’ or ‘Habalaarz’ and so on] was the pre-eminent philosopher and theologian of the twelfth century. The teacher of his generation, he was also famous as a poet and a musician. Prior to the recovery of Aristotle, he brought the native Latin tradition in philosophy to its highest pitch. His genius was evident in all he did. He is, arguably, the greatest logician of the Middle Ages and is equally famous (...)
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