Results for 'Lars Trägårdh'

999 found
Order:
  1.  30
    Conceptualizing Creativity and Innovation as Affective Processes: Steve Jobs, Lars von Trier, and Responsible Innovation.Lars Geer Hammershøj - 2018 - Philosophy of Management 17 (1):115-131.
    The aim of this article is to contribute to responsible innovation by developing a conceptual framework for the processes of creativity and innovation. The hypothesis is that creative and innovative processes are similar in that both are affective in nature. I develop this conceptual framework through an interpretation of the insights of Henri Poincaré’s notion of the ‘four stages’ in the creative process and Joseph Schumpeter’s notion of the entrepreneur. Building on this framework, I analyze the creative and innovative practices (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  2.  21
    Imagination and the Sense of Identity: Lars Hertzberg.Lars Hertzberg - 1991 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 29:143-155.
    Most of us, at one time or another, will have been struck by a thought that we might wish to express in the following words: ‘I could have been born in a different time and place, my position in life and all my personal characteristics could have been completely different from what they are; how amazing then that it should have fallen to my lot to live my life, the only life I shall ever live, as this particular individual rather (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  3.  17
    Withholding and Withdrawing Life-Sustaining Treatment: Ethically Equivalent?Lars Øystein Ursin - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (3):10-20.
    Withholding and withdrawing treatment are widely regarded as ethically equivalent in medical guidelines and ethics literature. Health care personnel, however, widely perceive moral differences between withholding and withdrawing. The proponents of equivalence argue that any perceived difference can be explained in terms of cognitive biases and flawed reasoning. Thus, policymakers should clear away any resistance to accept the equivalence stance by moral education. To embark on such a campaign of changing attitudes, we need to be convinced that the ethical analysis (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  4.  49
    A Philosophy of Boredom.Lars Svendsen - 2005 - Reaktion Books.
    In this book Lars Svendsen examines the nature of boredom, how it originated, its history, how and why it afflicts us, and why we cannot seem to overcome it by any act of will.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  5. Methodological Individualism: Background, History and Meaning.Lars Udehn - 2001 - Routledge.
    Throughout the history of social thought, there has been a constant battle over the true nature of society, and the best way to understand and explain it. This volume covers the development of methodological individualism, including the individualist theory of society from Greek antiquity to modern social science. It is a comprehensive and systematic treatment of methodological individualism in all its manifestations.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   20 citations  
  6.  74
    Adherence, Shared Decision-Making and Patient Autonomy.Lars Sandman, Bradi B. Granger, Inger Ekman & Christian Munthe - 2012 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (2):115-127.
    In recent years the formerly quite strong interest in patient compliance has been questioned for being too paternalistic and oriented towards overly narrow biomedical goals as the basis for treatment recommendations. In line with this there has been a shift towards using the notion of adherence to signal an increased weight for patients’ preferences and autonomy in decision making around treatments. This ‘adherence-paradigm’ thus encompasses shared decision-making as an ideal and patient perspective and autonomy as guiding goals of care. What (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  7. A Philosophy of Fear.Lars Svendsen - 2008 - Reaktion Books.
    Surveillance cameras. Airport security lines. Barred store windows. We see manifestations of societal fears everyday, and daily news reports on the latest household danger or raised terror threat level continually stoke our sense of impending doom. In _A Philosophy of Fear_, Lars Svendsen now explores the underlying ideas and issues behind this powerful emotion, as he investigates how and why fear has insinuated itself into every aspect of modern life. Svendsen delves into science, politics, sociology, and literature to explore (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  8.  27
    Miriam Van Reijen, Lars Aagaard-Mogensen, Judy Wubnig, Philip L. Peterson.Miriam Van Reijen, Lars Aagaard-Mogensen, Judy Wubnig & Philip L. Peterson - 1988 - Philosophie Et Culture: Actes du XVIIe Congrès Mondial de Philosophie 5:615-615.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. Lifting the Veil of Morality: Choice Blindness and Attitude Reversals on a Self-Transforming Survey.Lars Hall, Petter Johansson & Thomas Strandberg - 2012 - PLoS ONE 7 (9):e45457. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.
    Every day, thousands of polls, surveys, and rating scales are employed to elicit the attitudes of humankind. Given the ubiquitous use of these instruments, it seems we ought to have firm answers to what is measured by them, but unfortunately we do not. To help remedy this situation, we present a novel approach to investigate the nature of attitudes. We created a self-transforming paper survey of moral opinions, covering both foundational principles, and current dilemmas hotly debated in the media. This (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   31 citations  
  10.  7
    Santi Romano Against the State?Lars Vinx - 2018 - Ethics and Global Politics 11 (2):25-36.
  11.  39
    Introduction: Bildung and the Idea of a Liberal Education.Lars Lovlie & Paul Standish - 2002 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 36 (3):317–340.
  12.  35
    A Theorem on Permutations in Models.Lars Svenonius - 1959 - Theoria 25 (3):173-178.
  13.  38
    Subjective Agency and Awareness of Shared Actions.Lars Strother, Kristin A. House & Sukhvinder S. Obhi - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):12-20.
    Voluntary actions and their distal effects are intimately related in conscious awareness. When an expected effect follows a voluntary action, the experience of the interval between these events is compressed in time, a phenomenon known as ‘intentional binding’ . Current accounts of IB suggest that it serves to reinforce associations between our goals and our intention to attain these goals via action, and that IB only occurs for self-generated actions. We used a novel approach to study IB in the context (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  14.  79
    Shared Decision Making, Paternalism and Patient Choice.Lars Sandman & Christian Munthe - 2010 - Health Care Analysis 18 (1):60-84.
    In patient centred care, shared decision making is a central feature and widely referred to as a norm for patient centred medical consultation. However, it is far from clear how to distinguish SDM from standard models and ideals for medical decision making, such as paternalism and patient choice, and e.g., whether paternalism and patient choice can involve a greater degree of the sort of sharing involved in SDM and still retain their essential features. In the article, different versions of SDM (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   37 citations  
  15.  74
    Personal Autonomy and Informed Consent.Lars Øystein Ursin - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (1):17-24.
    Two ways of understanding the notion of autonomy are outlined and discussed in this article, in order to clarify how and if informed consent requirements in biotechnological research are to be justified by the promotion of personal autonomy: A proceduralist conception linking autonomy with authenticity, and a substantivist conception linking autonomy with control. The importance of distinguishing autonomy from liberty is emphasised, which opens for a possible conflict between respecting the freedom and the autonomy of research participants. It is argued (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  16.  96
    Hans Kelsen's Pure Theory of Law: Legality and Legitimacy.Lars Vinx - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Three paradigms of legal positivism -- The pure theory of law : science or political theory? -- Kelsen's principles of legality -- Kelsen's theory of democracy : reconciliation with social order -- Democratic constitutionalism : Kelsen's theory of constitutional review -- Kelsen's legal cosmopolitanism -- Conclusions : the pure theory of law and contemporary positivism.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  17.  13
    Toward a Responsibility-Catering Prioritarian Ethical Theory of Risk.Lars Lindblom & Per Wikman-Svahn - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (3):655-670.
    Standard tools used in societal risk management such as probabilistic risk analysis or cost–benefit analysis typically define risks in terms of only probabilities and consequences and assume a utilitarian approach to ethics that aims to maximize expected utility. The philosopher Carl F. Cranor has argued against this view by devising a list of plausible aspects of the acceptability of risks that points towards a non-consequentialist ethical theory of societal risk management. This paper revisits Cranor’s list to argue that the alternative (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  18.  4
    «If You Give Them Your Little Finger, They’Ll Tear Off Your Entire Arm»: Losing Trust in Biobank Research.Lars Ursin, Borgunn Ytterhus, Erik Christensen & John-Arne Skolbekken - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (4):565-576.
    Why do some people withdraw from biobank studies? To our knowledge, very few studies have been done on the reflections of biobank ex-participants. In this article, we report from such a study. 16 years ago, we did focus group interviews with biobank participants and ex-participants. We found that the two groups interestingly shared worries concerning the risks involved in possible novel uses of their biobank material, even though they drew opposite conclusions from their worries. Revisiting these interviews today reveals a (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  19. In Defence of the Conditional Account of Dispositions.Lars Gundersen - 2002 - Synthese 130 (3):389-411.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   47 citations  
  20.  51
    Position and Change: A Study in Law and Logic.Lars Lindahl - 1977 - D. Reidel Pub. Co..
    CHAPTER 1 From Bentham to Kanger I. Introduction In the analytical tradition established by Jeremy Bentham and John Austin, and continued in the twentieth ...
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   26 citations  
  21. Shared Decision-Making and Patient Autonomy.Lars Sandman & Christian Munthe - 2009 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (4):289-310.
    In patient-centred care, shared decision-making is advocated as the preferred form of medical decision-making. Shared decision-making is supported with reference to patient autonomy without abandoning the patient or giving up the possibility of influencing how the patient is benefited. It is, however, not transparent how shared decision-making is related to autonomy and, in effect, what support autonomy can give shared decision-making. In the article, different forms of shared decision-making are analysed in relation to five different aspects of autonomy: (1) self-realisation; (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   22 citations  
  22. Outline of a New Semantics for Counterfactuals.Lars Bo Gundersen - 2004 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 85 (1):1–20.
  23.  95
    Magic at the Marketplace: Choice Blindness for the Taste of Jam and the Smell of Tea.Lars Hall, Petter Johansson, Betty Tärning, Sverker Sikström & Thérèse Deutgen - 2010 - Cognition 117 (1):54-61.
  24. On the Attitude of Trust.Lars Hertzberg - 1988 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 31 (3):307 – 322.
    In On Certainty, the emphasis is on the solitary individual as subject of knowledge. The importance of our dependence on others, however, is brought out in Wittgenstein's remarks about trust. In this paper, the role and nature of trust are discussed, the grammar of trust being contrasted with that of reliance. It is shown that to speak of trust is to speak of a fundamental attitude of one person towards others, an attitude which, unlike reliance, is not to be explained, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   34 citations  
  25.  24
    Principles Help to Analyse But Often Give No Solution—Secondary Prevention After a Cardiac Event.Lars Westin & Tore Nilstun - 2006 - Health Care Analysis 14 (2):111-117.
    The aim of this paper is to investigate whether or not ethical conflicts can be identified, analysed and solved using ethical principles. The relation between the physician and the patient with ischemic heart disease (IHD) as life style changes are recommended in a secondary prevention program is used as an example. The principal persons affected (the patient and his or her spouse) and the ethical principles (respect for autonomy, non-maleficence, beneficence and justice) are combined in a two dimensional model. The (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  26. How the Polls Can Be Both Spot On and Dead Wrong: Using Choice Blindness to Shift Political Attitudes and Voter Intentions.Lars Hall, Thomas Strandberg, Philip Pärnamets, Andreas Lind, Betty Tärning & Petter Johansson - 2013 - PLoS ONE 8 (4):e60554. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.
    Political candidates often believe they must focus their campaign efforts on a small number of swing voters open for ideological change. Based on the wisdom of opinion polls, this might seem like a good idea. But do most voters really hold their political attitudes so firmly that they are unreceptive to persuasion? We tested this premise during the most recent general election in Sweden, in which a left- and a right-wing coalition were locked in a close race. We asked our (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  27.  16
    Ethics of Dead Participants: Policy Recommendations for Biobank Research.Lars Ursin & Maria Stuifbergen - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (10):695-699.
    Respecting people’s consent choices for use of their material and data is a cornerstone of biobank ethics. Participation in biobanks is characteristically based on broad consent that presupposes an ongoing possibility of informing and interacting with participants over time. The death of a participant means the end of any interaction, but usually not the end of participation. Research on causes of death makes biobank material from deceased participants extremely valuable. But as new research questions and methods develop over time, the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  28. Quine, Underdetermination, and Skepticism.Lars Bergström - 1993 - Journal of Philosophy 90 (7):331-358.
  29.  34
    No-Categoricity in First-Order Predicate Calculus.Lars Svenonius - 1959 - Theoria 25 (2):82-94.
  30. The Alternatives and Consequences of Actions.Lars Bergström - 1966 - Göteborg [Etc.]Almqvist & Wiksell.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  31.  9
    Cultural Capital in the Economic Field: A Study of Relationships in an Art Market.Lars Vigerland & Erik A. Borg - 2018 - Philosophy of Management 17 (2):169-185.
    In this study of an economic field and its relationships to a cultural field, we apply Pierre Bourdieu’s central concepts of economic capital, cultural capital, symbolic capital and field, and thus follow in a tradition that at the outset was considered to be post-structuralism, but which by Bourdieu later has been brought into the realm of realism. We have mapped relationships between the actors and thus the field structures that these relationships entail. The fields in which a segment of an (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  32.  42
    Wittgenstein’s Metaphysics.Lars Hertzberg & John W. Cook - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (1):163.
    Which famous twentieth-century philosopher instigated a revolution in philosophy, arguing that the philosopher’s business is not to advance general theories about reality, but rather to help release our thinking from the intellectual cramps produced by a misunderstanding of the forms of language? Wittgenstein? Wrong! according to John W. Cook. This revolution in philosophy actually had no author. Apparently, it arose through a misinterpretation of Wittgenstein’s later writings. In fact, Cook implies, Wittgenstein himself was not genuinely engaged in a struggle with (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  33.  11
    The Importance of Being Pregnant: On the Healthcare Need for Uterus Transplantation.Lars Sandman - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (8):519-526.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  34.  44
    Stress and Multiple Memory Systems: From 'Thinking' to 'Doing'.Lars Schwabe & Oliver T. Wolf - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (2):60-68.
  35.  36
    Memory Aging and Brain Maintenance.Lars Nyberg, Martin Lövdén, Katrine Riklund, Ulman Lindenberger & Lars Bäckman - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (5):292-305.
  36. Biobank Research and the Right to Privacy.Lars Øystein Ursin - 2008 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (4):267-285.
    What is privacy? What does privacy mean in relation to biobanking, in what way do the participants have an interest in privacy, (why) is there a right to privacy, and how should the privacy issue be regulated when it comes to biobank research? A relational view of privacy is argued for in this article, which takes as its basis a general discussion of several concepts of privacy and attempts at grounding privacy rights. In promoting and protecting the rights that participants (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  37.  6
    Ernst-Wolfgang Böckenförde and the Politics of Constituent Power.Lars Vinx - 2018 - Jurisprudence 10 (1):15-38.
    ABSTRACTIt is often held that the legitimacy of a democratic constitution depends on its production by constituent power. This paper argues that the notion of legitimation by constituent power face...
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  38. A Philosophy of Evil.Lars Fr H. Svendsen - 2010 - Dalkey Archive Press.
    Introduction: What is evil and how can we understand it? -- The theology of evil -- Theodicies -- The privation theodicy -- The free will theodicy -- The Iraenean theodicy -- The totality theodicy -- History as secular theodicy -- Job's insight-the theodicy of the hereafter -- Anthropology of evil -- Are people good or evil? -- The typologies of evil -- Demonic evil -- Evil for evil's sake -- Evil's aesthetic seduction -- Sadism -- Schadenfreude -- Subjective and objective (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  39.  10
    In Defence Of The Conditional Account Of Dispositions.Lars Gundersen - 2002 - Synthese 130 (3):389-411.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   30 citations  
  40.  8
    Claudia Leeb’s The Politics of Repressed Guilt: The Tragedy of Austrian Silence with David W. McIvor, Lars Rensmann, and Claudia Leeb.Claudia Leeb, David W. McIvor & Lars Rensmann - 2020 - Critical Horizons 21 (1):63-79.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. Work.Lars Fredrik Svendsen - 2008 - Routledge.
    Work is one of the most universal features of human life; virtually everybody spends some part of their life at work. It is often associated with tedium and boredom; in conflict with the things we would otherwise love to do. Thinking of work primarily as a burden - an activity we would rather be without - is a thought that was shared by the philosophers in ancient Greece, who generally regarded work as a terrible curse. And yet, research shows that (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  42.  20
    Think Global, Buy National: CSR, Cooperatives and Consumer Concerns in the Norwegian Food Value Chain.Lars Ursin, Bjørn Kåre Myskja & Siri Granum Carson - 2016 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 29 (3):387-405.
    In a world where issues of food safety and food security are increasingly important, the social responsibility of central actors in the food chain—producers and the main grocery chains—becomes more pressing. As a response, these actors move from implicitly assuming social responsibilities implied in laws, regulations and ethical customs, towards explicitly expressing social responsibilities. In this paper, we discuss the ethical values relevant for the social responsibility of central food producers and retailers in Norway, one of the most subsidized and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  43. Charges Against Prostitution: An Attempt at a Philosophical Assessment.Lars Ericsson - 1980 - Ethics 90 (3):335-366.
  44.  11
    Consent, Contestability, and Unions.Lars Lindblom - 2019 - Business Ethics Quarterly 29 (2):189-211.
    ABSTRACT:This article provides a normative justification for unions. It discusses three arguments. The argument from consent justifies unions in some circumstances, but if the employer prefers to not bargain with unions, it may provide very little justification. The argument from contestability takes as its starting point the fact that employment contracts are incomplete contracts, where authority takes the place of complete contractual terms. This theory of contracts implies that consent to authority has been given under ignorance, and, therefore, that authority (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  45.  10
    Why We Don’T Need “Unmet Needs”! On the Concepts of Unmet Need and Severity in Health-Care Priority Setting.Lars Sandman & Bjorn Hofmann - 2019 - Health Care Analysis 27 (1):26-44.
    In health care priority setting different criteria are used to reflect the relevant values that should guide decision-making. During recent years there has been a development of value frameworks implying the use of multiple criteria, a development that has not been accompanied by a structured conceptual and normative analysis of how different criteria relate to each other and to underlying normative considerations. Examples of such criteria are unmet need and severity. In this article these crucial criteria are conceptually clarified and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  46.  40
    Carl Schmitt.Lars Vinx - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  47. Dissolving the Moral Dilemma of Whistleblowing.Lars Lindblom - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 76 (4):413-426.
    The ethical debate on whistleblowing concerns centrally the conflict between the right to political free speech and the duty of loyalty to the organization where one works. This is the moral dilemma of whistleblowing. Political free speech is justified because it is a central part of liberal democracy, whereas loyalty can be motivated as a way of showing consideration for one’s associates. The political philosophy of John Rawls is applied to this dilemma, and it is shown that the requirement of (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  48. Failure to Detect Mismatches Between Intention and Outcome in a Simple Decision Task.Petter Johansson, Lars Hall, Sverker Sikstrom & Andreas Olsson - 2005 - Science 310 (5745):116-119.
    A fundamental assumption of theories of decision-making is that we detect mismatches between intention and outcome, adjust our behavior in the face of error, and adapt to changing circumstances. Is this always the case? We investigated the relation between intention, choice, and introspection. Participants made choices between presented face pairs on the basis of attractiveness, while we covertly manipulated the relationship between choice and outcome that they experienced. Participants failed to notice conspicuous mismatches between their intended choice and the outcome (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   88 citations  
  49. Underdetermination of Physical Theory.Lars Bergström - 2004 - In Roger F. Gibson (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Quine. Cambridge University Press. pp. 91--114.
  50.  5
    On the Autonomy Turf. Assessing the Value of Autonomy to Patients.Lars Sandman - 2004 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (3):261-268.
    Within the western health-care context autonomyis a central value. Still, as it is used withinthis context it is far from clear what we areactually talking about. In this article theauthor outlines four different uses or aspectsof autonomy: self-determination, freedom,desire-fulfilment and independence. Oneimportant conclusion will be that in order tobe able to respect autonomy in a way thatactually brings value to the patient’s life weneed to clearly assess what aspect of autonomythe patient values and for what reason it isvalued by the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
1 — 50 / 999