Results for 'Laura J. Wright'

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  1.  4
    Physical Activity Protects Against the Negative Impact of Coronavirus Fear on Adolescent Mental Health and Well-Being During the COVID-19 Pandemic.Laura J. Wright, Sarah E. Williams & Jet J. C. S. Veldhuijzen van Zanten - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Background: The severity of the Coronavirus pandemic has led to lockdowns in different countries to reduce the spread of the infection. These lockdown restrictions are likely to be detrimental to mental health and well-being in adolescents. Physical activity can be beneficial for mental health and well-being; however, research has yet to examine associations between adolescent physical activity and mental health and well-being during lockdown.Purpose: Examine the effects of adolescent perceived Coronavirus prevalence and fear on mental health and well-being and investigate (...)
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  2. Predicting Cognitive Load and Operational Performance in a Simulated Marksmanship Task.Hrishikesh M. Rao, Christopher J. Smalt, Aaron Rodriguez, Hannah M. Wright, Daryush D. Mehta, Laura J. Brattain, Harvey M. Edwards, Adam Lammert, Kristin J. Heaton & Thomas F. Quatieri - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  3.  1
    Vegans in the Interregnum: The Cultural Moment of an Enmeshed Theory.Laura Wright - 2018 - In Emelia Quinn & Benjamin Westwood (eds.), Thinking Veganism in Literature and Culture: Towards a Vegan Theory. Springer Verlag. pp. 27-54.
    In this essay, Wright traces her historical and personal understanding of vegan studies as it emerged—unnamed—somewhere around 2003, when she was working on a doctoral dissertation on the works of South African novelist J. M. Coetzee. She then furthers the trajectory of vegan theory as a mode of politically engaged scholarly inquiry via a theoretical inquiry into the often-overt focus on veganism, tacit fear of politicized eating, and animal bodies that played a role in the 2016 US presidential election (...)
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  4.  79
    Does Size Matter? The State of the Art in Small Business Ethics.Laura J. Spence - 1999 - Business Ethics, the Environment and Responsibility 8 (3):163–174.
    In this paper the exclusive focus on large firms in the field of business ethics is challenged. Some of the idiosyncrasies of small firms are explained, and links are made between these and potential ethical issues. A review of the existing literature on ethics in small firms demonstrates the lack of appropriate research, so that to date we can draw no firm conclusions in relation to ethics in the small firm. Recommendations are made as to the way forward for small (...)
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  5.  57
    Assessing Social Capital: Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Germany and the U.K. [REVIEW]Laura J. Spence, René Schmidpeter & André Habisch - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 47 (1):17 - 29.
    "Social capital" can be considered to be the product of co-operationbetween various institutions, networks and business partners. It haspotential as a useful tool for business ethics. In this article weidentify categories pertinent to the measurement of social capital insmall and medium sized enterprises (SMEs). By drawing on three differentsectors, one business-to-business service, one business-to-customerservice, and one manufacturing, we have enabled the consideration ofsectoral differences. We find sector to play an important part inrelation to business practices and social capital. Our inclusion (...)
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  6.  59
    CSR and Small Business in a European Policy Context: The Five “C”s of CSR and Small Business Research Agenda 2007.Laura J. Spence - 2007 - Business and Society Review 112 (4):533-552.
  7.  33
    Small Business Social Responsibility: Expanding Core CSR Theory.Laura J. Spence - 2016 - Business and Society 55 (1):23-55.
    This article seeks to expand business and society research in a number of ways. Its primary purpose is to redraw two core corporate social responsibility theories, enhancing their relevance for small business. This redrawing is done by the application of the ethic of care, informed by the value of feminist perspectives and the extant empirical research on small business social responsibility. It is proposed that the expanded versions of core theory have wider relevance, value, and implications beyond the small firm (...)
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  8.  1
    Reforming Philosophy: A Victorian Debate on Science and Society.Laura J. Snyder - 2006 - University of Chicago Press.
    The Victorian period in Britain was an “age of reform.” It is therefore not surprising that two of the era’s most eminent intellects described themselves as reformers. Both William Whewell and John Stuart Mill believed that by reforming philosophy—including the philosophy of science—they could effect social and political change. But their divergent visions of this societal transformation led to a sustained and spirited controversy that covered morality, politics, science, and economics. Situating their debate within the larger context of Victorian society (...)
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  9.  36
    SMEs, Social Capital and the Common Good.Laura J. Spence & René Schmidpeter - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 45 (1/2):93 - 108.
    In this paper we report on empirical research which investigates social capital of Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs). Bringing an international perspective to the work, we make a comparison between 30 firms located in West London and Munich in the sectors of food manufacturing/production, marketing services and garages. Here we present 6 case studies, which we use to illustrate the early findings from this pilot project. We identify differences in approach to associational membership in Germany and the U.K., with (...)
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  10.  37
    Reforming Philosophy: A Victorian Debate on Science and Society.Laura J. Snyder - 2006 - University of Chicago Press.
    A philosophically and historically sensitive account of the engagement of the major protagonists of Victorian British philosophy, Reforming Philosophy considers the controversies between William Whewell and John Stuart Mill on the topics of science, morality, politics, and economics. By situating their debate within the larger context of Victorian society and its concerns, Laura Snyder shows how two very different men—Whewell, an educator, Anglican priest, and critic of science; and Mill, a philosopher, political economist, and parliamentarian—reacted to the challenges of (...)
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  11.  27
    Small Business and Empirical Perspectives in Business Ethics: Editorial. [REVIEW]Laura J. Spence & Robert Rutherfoord - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 47 (1):1 - 5.
    In this editorial to a collection of papers on ethics in small firms, the case is made for greater use of high quality empirical research on business ethics. Sociological perspectives have much to offer to the field of business ethics that continues to be dominated by normative, moral philosophy. The second contribution of the paper is to argue for a reorientation away from the large multi-national firm as a benchmark subject of business ethics research. One important point of view to (...)
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  12. Corporate Social Responsibility and Small Business in a European Policy Context.Laura J. Spence - 2007 - Business and Society Review 112 (4):533-552.
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  13.  64
    Communicating About Ethics with Small Firms: Experiences From the U.K. And Spain. [REVIEW]Laura J. Spence & José Félix Lozano - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 27 (1-2):43 - 53.
    This article introduces the important issue of communicating with small firms about ethical issues. Evidence from two research projects from the U.K. and Spain are used to indicate some of the important issues and how small firms may differ from large firms in this area. The importance of informal mechanisms such as the influence of friends, family and employees are highlighted, and the likely ineffectiveness of formal tools such as Codes and Social and Ethical Standards suggested. Further resarch in the (...)
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  14.  9
    Understanding the Neural Bases of Implicit and Statistical Learning.Laura J. Batterink, Ken A. Paller & Paul J. Reber - 2019 - Topics in Cognitive Science 11 (3):482-503.
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  15.  24
    Accounting for Proscriptive and Prescriptive Morality in the Workplace: The Double-Edged Sword Effect of Mood on Managerial Ethical Decision Making.Laura J. Noval & Günter K. Stahl - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 142 (3):589-602.
    This article provides a conceptual framework for studying the influence of mood on managerial ethical decision making. We draw on mood-congruency theory and the affect infusion model to propose that mood influences managerial ethical decision making through deliberate and conscious assessments of the moral intensity of an ethical issue. By accounting for proscriptive and prescriptive morality—i.e., harmful and prosocial behavior, respectively—we demonstrate that positive and negative mood may have asymmetrical and paradoxical effects on ethical decision making. Specifically, our analysis suggests (...)
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  16. Education for Ethical Nursing Practice.Laura J. Duckett & Muriel B. Ryden - 1994 - In James R. Rest & Darcia Narváez (eds.), Moral Development in the Professions: Psychology and Applied Ethics. L. Erlbaum Associates. pp. 51--70.
     
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  17.  12
    The Unwitting Accomplice: How Organizations Enable Motivated Reasoning and Self-Serving Behavior.Laura J. Noval & Morela Hernandez - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 157 (3):699-713.
    In this article, we demonstrate that individuals use motivated reasoning to convince themselves that their self-serving behavior is justified, which in turn affects the distribution of resources in business situations. Specifically, we explore how ambiguous contextual cues and individual beliefs can jointly form motivated reasoning. Across two experimental studies, we find that whereas individual ideologies that endorse status hierarchies can strengthen the relationship between contextual ambiguity and motivated reasoning, individual beliefs rooted in fairness and equality can weaken it. Our findings (...)
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  18. It's All Necessarily So: William Whewell on Scientific Truth.Laura J. Snyder - 1994 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (5):785-807.
  19.  31
    An Exception to Mental Simulation: No Evidence for Embodied Odor Language.Laura J. Speed & Asifa Majid - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (4):1146-1178.
    Do we mentally simulate olfactory information? We investigated mental simulation of odors and sounds in two experiments. Participants retained a word while they smelled an odor or heard a sound, then rated odor/sound intensity and recalled the word. Later odor/sound recognition was also tested, and pleasantness and familiarity judgments were collected. Word recall was slower when the sound and sound-word mismatched. Sound recognition was higher when sounds were paired with a match or near-match word. This indicates sound-words are mentally simulated. (...)
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  20.  23
    The Forgotten Stakeholder? Ethics and Social Responsibility in Relation to Competitors.Laura J. Spence, Anne‐Marie Coles & Lisa Harris - 2001 - Business and Society Review 106 (4):331-352.
  21.  81
    Discoverers' Induction.Laura J. Snyder - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (4):580-604.
    In this paper I demonstrate that, contrary to the standard interpretations, William Whewell's view of scientific method is neither that of the hypothetico-deductivist nor that of the retroductivist. Rather, he offers a unique inductive methodology, which he calls "discoverers' induction." After explicating this methodology, I show that Kepler's discovery of his first law of planetary motion conforms to it, as Whewell claims it does. In explaining Whewell's famous phrase about "happy guesses" in science, I suggest that Whewell intended a distinction (...)
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  22.  2
    The Mill-Whewell Debate: Much Ado About Induction.Laura J. Snyder - 1997 - Perspectives on Science 5 (2):159-198.
    This article examines the nineteenth-century debate about scientific method between John Stuart Mill and William Whewell. Contrary to standard interpretations, I argue that their debate was not over whether to endorse an inductive methodology but rather over the nature of inductive reasoning in science and the types of conclusions yielded by it. Whewell endorses, while Mill rejects, a type of inductive reasoning in which inference is employed to find a property or cause shared by the observed members of a class, (...)
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  23.  16
    Learning to Live with Parkinson’s Disease in the Family Unit: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis of Well-Being.Laura J. Smith & Rachel L. Shaw - 2017 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 20 (1):13-21.
    We investigated family members’ lived experience of Parkinson’s disease aiming to investigate opportunities for well-being. A lifeworld-led approach to healthcare was adopted. Interpretative phenomenological analysis was used to explore in-depth interviews with people living with PD and their partners. The analysis generated four themes: It’s more than just an illness revealed the existential challenge of diagnosis; Like a bird with a broken wing emphasizing the need to adapt to increasing immobility through embodied agency; Being together with PD exploring the kinship (...)
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  24.  69
    Self-Awareness After Acquired and Traumatic Brain Injury.Laura J. Bach & Anthony S. David - 2006 - Neuropsychological Rehabilitation 16 (4):397-414.
  25.  20
    William Whewell.Laura J. Snyder - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  26. Confirmation for a Modest Realism.Laura J. Snyder - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (5):839-849.
    In the nineteenth century, William Whewell claimed that his confirmation criterion of consilience was a truth-guarantor: we could, he believed, be certain that a consilient theory was true. Since that time Whewell has been much ridiculed for this claim by critics such as J. S. Mill and Bas van Fraassen. I have argued elsewhere that, while Whewell's claim that consilience can guarantee the truth of a theory is clearly wrong, consilience is indeed quite useful as a confirmation criterion (Snyder 2005). (...)
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  27.  33
    Consilience, Confirmation, and Realism.Laura J. Snyder - 2005 - In P. Achinstein (ed.), Scientific Evidence: Philosophical Theories & Applications. The Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 129--149.
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  28.  34
    Eye Movements Reveal the Dynamic Simulation of Speed in Language.Laura J. Speed & Gabriella Vigliocco - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (2):367-382.
    This study investigates how speed of motion is processed in language. In three eye-tracking experiments, participants were presented with visual scenes and spoken sentences describing fast or slow events (e.g., The lion ambled/dashed to the balloon). Results showed that looking time to relevant objects in the visual scene was affected by the speed of verb of the sentence, speaking rate, and configuration of a supporting visual scene. The results provide novel evidence for the mental simulation of speed in language and (...)
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  29. Is Evidence Historical?Laura J. Snyder - 1994 - In Peter Achinstein & Laura J. Snyder (eds.), Scientific Methods: Conceptual and Historical Problems. Krieger Pub. Co.. pp. 95--117.
     
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  30.  3
    The Sound of Smell: Associating Odor Valence With Disgust Sounds.Laura J. Speed, Hannah Atkinson, Ewelina Wnuk & Asifa Majid - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (5):e12980.
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  31.  4
    Emotions and Instructed Language Learning: Proposing a Second Language Emotions and Positive Psychology Model.Kaiqi Shao, Laura J. Nicholson, Gulsah Kutuk & Fei Lei - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Although emotion research and positive psychology have recently gained strong momentum in the field of second language acquisition, theoretical models linking language emotion and PP research, which offer insights for both research and intervention practice are lacking. To address this gap, the present article first introduces the origin, concept, and research around PP. Next, it summarizes recent research on PP and emotions in SLA. Finally, by triangulating emotion theories and research in the fields of psychology, education, and SLA, we propose (...)
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  32.  15
    Using an Electronic Bulletin Board in Teaching Business Ethics: En Route to a Virtual Agora.Laura J. Spence & David Wadsworth - 2002 - Teaching Business Ethics 6 (3):335-354.
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  33.  26
    Electronic Health Record Identification of Prediabetes and an Assessment of Unmet Counselling Needs.Laura J. Zimmermann, Jason A. Thompson & Stephen D. Persell - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (4):861-865.
  34.  4
    Modern Socratic Dialogue and Resilient Democracy: Creating the Clearing for an American Bildung.Laura J. Mueller - 2022 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 43 (1):40-66.
    Michael Hogue’s American Immanence draws from some of the fundamental features of American philosophy: philosophy is not alienated from life, but rather, part and parcel of the structure of our experiences, a way of living. His notion of “resilient democracy” is particularly representative of this tradition of thought. Resilient democracy is, first of all, an ethos, grounded in “the collective experience of uncertainty and animated by the living desire to bring about a more beautiful world.”2 This ethos is an associational, (...)
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  35.  22
    Practice and Politics: Ethics and Social Responsibility in SMEs in the European Union.Laura J. Spence & Francesco Perrini - 2014 - African Journal of Business Ethics 4 (2):20.
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  36.  5
    Ethical Considerations in Forensic Genetics Research on Tissue Samples Collected Post-Mortem in Cape Town, South Africa.Laura J. Heathfield, Sairita Maistry, Lorna J. Martin, Raj Ramesar & Jantina de Vries - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):1-8.
    Background The use of tissue collected at a forensic post-mortem for forensic genetics research purposes remains of ethical concern as the process involves obtaining informed consent from grieving family members. Two forensic genetics research studies using tissue collected from a forensic post-mortem were recently initiated at our institution and were the first of their kind to be conducted in Cape Town, South Africa. Main body This article discusses some of the ethical challenges that were encountered in these research projects. Among (...)
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  37.  22
    Social Entrepreneurship and Business Ethics: Does Social Equal Ethical?Elizabeth Chell, Laura J. Spence, Francesco Perrini & Jared D. Harris - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 133 (4):619-625.
    This editorial to the special issue addresses the often overlooked question of the ethical nature of social enterprises. The emerging social entrepreneurship literature has previously been dominated by enthusiasts who fail to critique the social enterprise, focusing instead on its distinction from economic entrepreneurship and potential in solving social problems. In this respect, we have found through the work presented herein that the relation between social entrepreneurship and ethics needs to be problematized. Further, we find that a range of conceptual (...)
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  38.  7
    Laura J. Snyder.Reforming Philosophy: A Victorian Debate on Science and Society. X + 386 Pp. Chicago/London: University of Chicago Press, 2006. $45. [REVIEW]Richard Yeo - 2007 - Isis 98 (3):656-657.
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  39.  38
    ‘Lord Only of the Ruffians and Fiends’? William Whewell and the Plurality of Worlds Debate.Laura J. Snyder - 2007 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 38 (3):584-592.
    By the middle of the nineteenth century, the opinion of science, as well as of philosophy and even religion, was, at least in Britain, firmly in the camp of the plurality of worlds, the view that intelligent life exists on other celestial bodies. William Whewell, considered an expert on science, philosophy and religion, would have been expected to support this position. Yet he surprised everyone in 1853 by publishing a work arguing strongly against the plurality view. This was even stranger (...)
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  40.  5
    The Elephant in the Room: The Nascent Research Agenda on Corporations, Social Responsibility, and Capitalism.Christopher Wickert, Laura J. Spence, Dirk Matten & Frank G. A. de Bakker - 2020 - Business and Society 59 (7):1295-1302.
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  41.  10
    Ethical considerations in forensic genetics research on tissue samples collected post-mortem in Cape Town, South Africa.Laura J. Heathfield, Sairita Maistry, Lorna J. Martin, Raj Ramesar & Jantina de Vries - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):66.
    The use of tissue collected at a forensic post-mortem for forensic genetics research purposes remains of ethical concern as the process involves obtaining informed consent from grieving family members. Two forensic genetics research studies using tissue collected from a forensic post-mortem were recently initiated at our institution and were the first of their kind to be conducted in Cape Town, South Africa. This article discusses some of the ethical challenges that were encountered in these research projects. Among these challenges was (...)
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  42.  47
    Laura J. Snyder, Reforming Philosophy: A Victorian Debate on Science and Society[REVIEW]John P. McCaskey - 2008 - The Objective Standard 2008:107–109.
    The 19th-century philosopher John Stuart Mill is widely regarded as one of history’s leading proponents of inductive science and of political liberty. Yet, oddly, philosophers working in his train have been remarkably unsuccessful in saying exactly what is wrong with the scientific skepticism or the political tyrannies of the past one hundred and fifty years. Is it possible that Mr. Mill was not such a good guy after all? … I recommend the book to anyone interested in a scholarly treatment (...)
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  43.  5
    Expertise Shapes Multimodal Imagery for Wine.Ilja Croijmans, Laura J. Speed, Artin Arshamian & Asifa Majid - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (5).
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  44. Book Review: Joy and International Relations: A New Methodology. [REVIEW]Laura J. Shepherd - 2017 - Feminist Review 115 (1):176-177.
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  45. Gender and Conflict.Laura J. Shepherd & Lori A. Allen - 2012 - Feminist Review 101 (1):1-4.
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  46.  3
    Dignity of Risk, Reemergent Agency, and the Central Thalamic Stimulation Trial for Moderate to Severe Brain Injury.Joseph J. Fins & Megan S. Wright - 2022 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 65 (2):307-315.
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  47. Forever Friends?: Friendship, Dynamic Relationships and Small Firm Social Responsibility.Laura J. Spence - 2004 - Business Ethics 1:3.
     
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  48.  31
    Pure Reason’s Autonomy.Laura J. Mueller - 2018 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy.
    This article investigates the relation between freedom, the public use of reason, and sensus communis, as discussed throughout Kant’s political writings and critical works. Kant’s discussion of the public use of reason, as put forth in "What Is Enlightenment?" is closely tied to his views on autonomy, most notably in the political sphere. However, Kant’s distinction between the public and private uses of reason relies upon sensus communis as discussed in the Critique of Judgment. The communicability achieved by sensus communis (...)
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  49. Experience and Necessity: The Mill-Whewell Debate.Laura J. Snyder - 2012 - In James R. Brown (ed.), Philosophy of Science: The Key Thinkers. Continuum Books. pp. 10.
     
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  50. Everyman a Philosopher.J. Wright Buckham - 1934 - Hibbert Journal 33:549.
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