Results for 'Laura M. Hiatt'

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  1.  11
    Familiarity, Priming, and Perception in Similarity Judgments.M. Hiatt Laura & J. Gregory Trafton - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (6):1450-1484.
    We present a novel way of accounting for similarity judgments. Our approach posits that similarity stems from three main sources—familiarity, priming, and inherent perceptual likeness. Here, we explore each of these constructs and demonstrate their individual and combined effectiveness in explaining similarity judgments. Using these three measures, our account of similarity explains ratings of simple, color-based perceptual stimuli that display asymmetry effects, as well as more complicated perceptual stimuli with structural properties; more traditional approaches to similarity solve one or the (...)
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  2.  2
    Validating and Refining Cognitive Process Models Using Probabilistic Graphical Models.Laura M. Hiatt, Connor Brooks & J. Gregory Trafton - 2022 - Topics in Cognitive Science 14 (4):873-888.
    We describe a new approach for developing and validating cognitive process models. In our methodology, graphical models (specifically, hidden Markov models) are developed both from human empirical data on a task and synthetic data traces generated by a cognitive process model of human behavior on the task. Differences between the two graphical models can then be used to drive model refinement. We show that iteratively using this methodology can unveil substantive and nuanced imperfections of cognitive process models that can then (...)
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  3.  16
    An Account of Interference in Associative Memory: Learning the Fan Effect.Robert Thomson, Anthony M. Harrison, J. Gregory Trafton & Laura M. Hiatt - 2017 - Topics in Cognitive Science 9 (1):69-82.
    Associative learning is an essential feature of human cognition, accounting for the influence of priming and interference effects on memory recall. Here, we extend our account of associative learning that learns asymmetric item-to-item associations over time via experience by including link maturation to balance associations between longer-term stability while still accounting for short-term variability. This account, combined with an existing account of activation strengthening and decay, predicts both human response times and error rates for the fan effect for both target (...)
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  4.  11
    The Christian Consumer: Living Faithfully in a Fragile World.Laura M. Hartman - 2011 - Oup Usa.
    Consumption--the flow of physical materials in human lives--is an important ethical issue. Be it fair trade coffee or foreign oil, North Americans' consumption choices affect the well-being of humans around the globe, in addition to impacting the natural world and consumers themselves. In this book, Laura Hartman seeks to formulate a coherent Christian ethic of consumption.
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  5. Genetics and reproductive risk : Can having children be immoral?Laura M. Purdy - 2010 - In Craig Hanks (ed.), Technology and Values: Essential Readings. Wiley-Blackwell.
  6.  13
    Points to consider: The research ethics consultation service and the IRB.Laura M. Beskow, Christine Grady, Ana S. Iltis, John Z. Sadler & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2009 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 31 (6):1.
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  7.  18
    Exploring Understanding of “Understanding”: The Paradigm Case of Biobank Consent Comprehension.Laura M. Beskow & Kevin P. Weinfurt - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):6-18.
    Data documenting poor understanding among research participants and real-time efforts to assess comprehension in large-scale studies are focusing new attention on informed consent comprehension. Within the context of biobanking consent, we previously convened a multidisciplinary panel to reach consensus about what information must be understood for a prospective participant’s consent to be considered valid. Subsequently, we presented them with data from another study showing that many U.S. adults would fail to comprehend the information the panel had deemed essential. When asked (...)
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  8.  18
    [Book review] children of choice, freedom and the new reproductive technologies. [REVIEW]Laura M. Purdy - 1996 - Criminal Justice Ethics 15 (1):67-74.
  9. Promoting Educational Equity through Democratizing Intelligence.Laura M. Harrison & Shah Hasan - 2019 - In Charles L. Lowery & Patrick M. Jenlink (eds.), The Handbook of Dewey’s Educational Theory and Practice. Brill | Sense.
  10. That all may flourish: comparative religious environmental ethics.Laura M. Hartman (ed.) - 2018 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
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  11.  60
    Children of Choice: Freedom and the New Reproductive Technologies.Laura M. Purdy - 1996 - Ethics 106 (2):474-476.
  12. No Strength from Weakness. [REVIEW]Laura M. Nascimento & Erik Myin - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):126-128.
    This commentary questions the target article’s claim that enactivism and representationalism, even in an allegedly weak form, are compatible. We argue that, for a viable enactivism, it is the notion of contentless interaction that must be turned to in order to account for basic cognition, including basic color perception. Enactivism so construed can provide all the benefits the authors want: it can question exaggerated forms of objectivism, without incurring the costs that holding on to contentful representation as a naturalistically unexplained (...)
     
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  13. An emerging research framework for studying informal learning and schools.Laura M. W. Martin - 2004 - Science Education 88 (S1):S71 - S82.
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  14. Individuation and Metaphysics Z 15.Laura M. Castelli - 2003 - Documenti E Studi Sulla Tradizione Filosofica Medievale 14:1-26.
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  15.  16
    IRB chairs' perspectives on genotype-driven research recruitment.Laura M. Beskow, Emily E. Namey, Patrick R. Miller, Daniel K. Nelson & Alexandra Cooper - 2012 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 34 (3):1.
    Recruiting research participants based on genetic information generated about them in a prior study is a potentially powerful way to study the functional significance of human genetic variation, but it also presents ethical challenges. To inform policy development on this issue, we conducted a survey of U.S. institutional review board chairs concerning the acceptability of recontacting genetic research participants about additional research and their views on the disclosure of individual genetic results as part of recruitment. Our findings suggest there is (...)
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  16. Making a Choice When There Is No "Better Man".Laura M. Bernhardt - 2021 - In Stefano Marino & A. Schembari (eds.), Pearl Jam and philosophy. Bloomsbury Academic.
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  17. A call to heal ethics.Laura M. Purdy - 1992 - In Helen B. Holmes & Laura Purdy (eds.), Feminist Perspectives in Medical Ethics. Indiana University Press. pp. 8--13.
  18. Good Bioethics Must Be Feminist Bioethics.Laura M. Purdy - 1996 - In Wayne L. Sumner & Joseph Boyle (eds.), Philosophical Perspectives on Bioethics. University of Toronto Press. pp. 143-162.
     
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  19. Are pregnant women fetal containers?Laura M. Purdy - 1990 - Bioethics 4 (4):273–291.
  20.  10
    IRB chairs' perspectives on genotype-driven research recruitment.Alexandra Cooper Laura M. Beskow, Emily E. Namey, Patrick R. Miller, Daniel K. Nelson - 2012 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 34 (3):1.
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  21.  52
    How Many Gods Does it Take? (To Discredit the Divine Command Theory).Laura M. Purdy - 1988 - Teaching Philosophy 11 (2):112-115.
  22.  18
    The Good, the Wild, and the Native: An Ethical Evaluation of Ecological Restoration, Native Landscaping, and the 'Wild Ones' of Wisconsin.Laura M. Hartman & Kathleen M. Wooley - 2020 - Environmental Values 29 (5):579-603.
    Ecological restoration and native landscaping are increasing, particularly in the American Midwest, where they form part of the area's history and culture of conservation. But practitioners rarely pause to ask philosophical questions related to categories of native and invasive or human control and harmony with nature. This article brings philosophy into conversation with practice, using members of Wild Ones Native Landscaping, a non-profit headquartered in Neenah, WI, as a case study. Philosophers and ethicists who are studying Ecological Restoration and Native (...)
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  23. Surrogate mothering:Exploitation or empowerment?Laura M. Purdy - 1989 - Bioethics 3 (1):18–34.
  24.  5
    Expert Perspectives on Oversight for Unregulated mHealth Research: Empirical Data and Commentary.Laura M. Beskow, Catherine M. Hammack-Aviran, Kathleen M. Brelsford & P. Pearl O'Rourke - 2020 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 48 (S1):138-146.
    In qualitative interviews with a diverse group of experts, the vast majority believed unregulated researchers should seek out independent oversight. Reasons included the need for objectivity, protecting app users from research risks, and consistency in standards for the ethical conduct of research. Concerns included burdening minimal risk research and limitations in current systems of oversight. Literature and analysis supports the use of IRBs even when not required by regulations, and the need for evidence-based improvements in IRB processes.
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  25.  44
    Is it morally permissible for me to have children? A decision to procreate is surely one of the most significant decisions a person can make. So it would seem that it ought not to be made without some moral soul-searching.Laura M. Purdy - forthcoming - Bioethics.
  26.  33
    Disability, Epistemic Harms, and the Quality-Adjusted Life Year.Laura M. Cupples - 2020 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 13 (1):46-62.
    Health policymakers employ utility measures to inform resource allocation decisions. They often rely on a conceptual tool called the quality-adjusted life year that discounts the value of years lived in a state of disability relative to years lived in full health. A representative sample of the general public is asked to place values on hypothetical health states as part of a standard gamble or time trade-off task. Policymakers use the resulting values to calculate the number of QALYs gained through particular (...)
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  27.  3
    Elucidating the influences of embodiment and conceptual metaphor on lexical and non-speech tone learning.Laura M. Morett, Jacob B. Feiler & Laura M. Getz - 2022 - Cognition 222 (C):105014.
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  28.  3
    Points to Consider: The Research Ethics Consultation Service and the IRB.Benjamin S. Wilfond Laura M. Beskow, Christine Grady, Ana S. Iltis, John Z. Sadler - 2009 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 31 (6):1.
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  29.  16
    Climate Engineering and the Playing God Critique.Laura M. Hartman - 2017 - Ethics and International Affairs 31 (3):313-333.
    Climate engineering is subject to the “playing God” critique, which charges that humans should not undertake to control nature in ways that seem to overstep the proper scope of human agency. This argument is easily discredited, and in fact the opposite—that we should “play God”—may be equally valid in some circumstances. To revive the playing God critique, I argue that it functions not on a logical but on a symbolic and emotional level to highlight nostalgia for functional dualisms in the (...)
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  30.  9
    Knowing with the Disability Community: Building a Disability Standpoint for Health Policy Research.Laura M. Cupples - 2021 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 14 (2):36-60.
    For the last eighteen months, I have worked with a group of disability and health policy researchers. I began this interview-based project trying to learn how these researchers’ disability identities shaped their work. How did their disability standpoint contribute to the liberatory nature of their research? I found that the disability standpoint of these researchers was in fact hard-won and grew not just out of their own disability experiences but out of their connections with the larger disability community. These connections, (...)
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  31.  19
    Are pregnant women fetal containers?Laura M. Purdy - 1990 - Bioethics 4 (4):273-291.
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  32.  3
    Reason or Faith?: A Reply to Frisina.Laura M. Purdy - 1989 - Teaching Philosophy 12 (1):39-41.
  33.  21
    The “Reasonable Person” Standard for Research Informed Consent.Laura M. Odwazny & Benjamin E. Berkman - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (7):49-51.
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  34.  32
    What Feminism Can Do for Bioethics.Laura M. Purdy - 2001 - Health Care Analysis 9 (2):117-132.
    Feminist criticism of health care and ofbioethics has become increasingly rich andsophisticated in the last years of thetwentieth century. Nonetheless, this body ofwork remains quite marginalized. I believe thatthere are (at least) two reasons for this.First, many people are still confused aboutfeminism. Second, many people are unconvincedthat significant sexism still exists and aretherefore unreceptive to arguments that itshould be remedied if there is no largerbenefit. In this essay I argue for a thin,``core'' conception of feminism that is easy tounderstand and (...)
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  35.  17
    Patients' Choices for Return of Exome Sequencing Results to Relatives in the Event of Their Death.Laura M. Amendola, Martha Horike-Pyne, Susan B. Trinidad, Stephanie M. Fullerton, Barbara J. Evans, Wylie Burke & Gail P. Jarvik - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (3):476-485.
    The informed consent process for genetic testing does not commonly address preferences regarding disclosure of results in the event of the patient's death. Adults being tested for familial colorectal cancer were asked whether they want their exome sequencing results disclosed to another person in the event of their death prior to receiving the results. Of 78 participants, 92% designated an individual and 8% declined to. Further research will help refine practices for informed consent.
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  36.  6
    Consent for Acute Care Research and the Regulatory “Gray Zone”.Laura M. Beskow, Christopher J. Lindsell & Todd W. Rice - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (5):26-28.
    Volume 20, Issue 5, June 2020, Page 26-28.
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  37.  39
    In defense of hiring apparently less qualified women.Laura M. Purdy - 1984 - Journal of Social Philosophy 15 (2):26-33.
  38.  9
    Gender and the Meaning and Experience of Virginity Loss in the Contemporary United States.Laura M. Carpenter - 2002 - Gender and Society 16 (3):345-365.
    This article draws on in-depth case studies of 61 women and men of diverse sexual identities to show how gender, while apparently diminishing in significance, continues to shape interpretations and experiences of virginity loss in complex ways. Although women and men tended to assign different meanings to virginity, those who shared an interpretation reported similar virginity-loss encounters. Each interpretation of virginity—as a gift, stigma, or process—featured unequal roles for virgin and partner, which interacted with gender differences in power to produce (...)
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  39. Questioning the automaticity of audiovisual correspondences.Laura M. Getz & Michael Kubovy - 2018 - Cognition 175 (C):101-108.
    An audiovisual correspondence (AVC) refers to an observer’s seemingly arbitrary yet consistent matching of sensory features across the two modalities; for example, between an auditory pitch and visual size. Research on AVCs has frequently used a speeded classification procedure in which participants are asked to rapidly classify an image when it is either accompanied by a congruent or an incongruent sound (or vice versa). When, as is typically the case, classification is faster in the presence of a congruent stimulus, researchers (...)
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  40.  15
    Measure development and the hermeneutic task.Laura M. Cupples - 2019 - Synthese 198 (3):2375-2390.
    I examine the dynamics of measure development using two case studies: temperature, and health-related quality of life. I argue, following Bas van Fraassen and Leah McClimans that in each case these dynamics have a hermeneutic structure. Measure development is plagued by epistemic circularity, as is the task of interpreting a text, and similar strategies can be used in both measure development and hermeneutics to overcome that circularity. I show that Hans Georg Gadamer’s philosophical hermeneutics in particular are an effective lens (...)
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  41.  20
    Eye contact with neutral and smiling faces: effects on autonomic responses and frontal EEG asymmetry.Laura M. Pönkänen & Jari K. Hietanen - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  42.  9
    Return of Genetic Research Results to Participants and Families: IRB Perspectives and Roles.Laura M. Beskow & P. Pearl O'Rourke - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (3):502-513.
    We surveyed IRB chairs' perspectives on offering individual genetic research results to participants and families, including family members of deceased participants, and the IRB's role in addressing these issues. Given a particular hypothetical scenario, respondents favored offering results to participants but not family members, giving choices at the time of initial consent, and honoring elicited choices. They felt IRBs should have authority regarding the process issues, but a more limited role in medical and scientific issues.
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  43. Feminist Ethics.Laura M. Purdy & Claudia Card - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (6):41.
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  44. The Troubled Dream of Life: Living with Mortality.Daniel Callahan & Laura M. Purdy - 1995 - Bioethics 9 (2):175-178.
     
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  45.  42
    Why do we need affirmative action?Laura M. Purdy - 1994 - Journal of Social Philosophy 25 (1):133-143.
  46.  32
    Research Participants’ Understanding of and Reactions to Certificates of Confidentiality.Laura M. Beskow, Devon K. Check & Natalie Ammarell - 2014 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 5 (1):12-22.
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  47.  23
    Attentional control mediates the relationship between social anhedonia and social impairment.Laura M. Tully, Sarah Hope Lincoln & Christine I. Hooker - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  48.  7
    Considering the nature of individual research results.Laura M. Beskow - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (6):38 – 40.
  49. Disentangling defining and demonstrating: Notes on an. post. II 3-7.Laura M. Castelli - 2019 - Manuscrito 42 (4):243-281.
    : In APo II 3-7 Aristotle discusses a series of difficulties concerning definition, deduction, and demonstration. In this paper I focus on two interrelated but distinct questions: firstly, what are exactly the difficulties emerging from or alluded to in the discussion in II 3-7; secondly, whether and in what sense the discussion in II 3-7 can be considered an aporetic discussion with a specific role to play in the development of the argument in APo II.
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  50.  25
    Environmental Modesty.Laura M. Hartman - 2015 - Journal of Religious Ethics 43 (3):475-492.
    Despite this virtue's history as an instrument of women's oppression, modesty, at its most basic, means voluntary restraint of one's power, undertaken for the sake of others. It is a mechanism that modifies unequal power relationships and encourages greater compassion and fairness. I use a Christian perspective with influences from Jewish and Muslim sources to examine modesty. The modest person, I argue, must be in relationship with others, must be honestly aware of her impacts on others, must be sensitive to (...)
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