Results for 'Laura M. Taylor'

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  1.  31
    Shape constancy and theory of mind: is there a link?Peter Mitchell & Laura M. Taylor - 1999 - Cognition 70 (2):167-190.
  2.  16
    Applying a Women’s Health Lens to the Study of the Aging Brain.Caitlin M. Taylor, Laura Pritschet, Shuying Yu & Emily G. Jacobs - 2019 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 13:468826.
    A major challenge in neuroscience is to understand what happens to a brain as it ages. Such insights could make it possible to distinguish between individuals who will undergo typical aging and those at risk for neurodegenerative disease. Over the last quarter century, thousands of human brain imaging studies have probed the neural basis of age-related cognitive decline. “Aging” studies generally enroll adults over the age of 65, a historical precedent rooted in the average retirement age of U.S. wage-earners. A (...)
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  3. Empathy: A Review of the Concept. [REVIEW]Benjamin M. P. Cuff, Sarah J. Brown, Laura Taylor & Douglas J. Howat - 2016 - Emotion Review 8 (2):144-153.
    The inconsistent definition of empathy has had a negative impact on both research and practice. The aim of this article is to review and critically appraise a range of definitions of empathy and, through considered analysis, to develop a new conceptualisation. From the examination of 43 discrete definitions, 8 themes relating to the nature of empathy emerged: “distinguishing empathy from other concepts”; “cognitive or affective?”; “congruent or incongruent?”; “subject to other stimuli?”; “self/other distinction or merging?”; “trait or state influences?”; “has (...)
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  4. Proceedings of the 4th World Conference on Research Integrity: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro. 31 May - 3 June 2015.Lex Bouter, Melissa S. Anderson, Ana Marusic, Sabine Kleinert, Susan Zimmerman, Paulo S. L. Beirão, Laura Beranzoli, Giuseppe Di Capua, Silvia Peppoloni, Maria Betânia de Freitas Marques, Adriana Sousa, Claudia Rech, Torunn Ellefsen, Adele Flakke Johannessen, Jacob Holen, Raymond Tait, Jillon Van der Wall, John Chibnall, James M. DuBois, Farida Lada, Jigisha Patel, Stephanie Harriman, Leila Posenato Garcia, Adriana Nascimento Sousa, Cláudia Maria Correia Borges Rech, Oliveira Patrocínio, Raphaela Dias Fernandes, Laressa Lima Amâncio, Anja Gillis, David Gallacher, David Malwitz, Tom Lavrijssen, Mariusz Lubomirski, Malini Dasgupta, Katie Speanburg, Elizabeth C. Moylan, Maria K. Kowalczuk, Nikolas Offenhauser, Markus Feufel, Niklas Keller, Volker Bähr, Diego Oliveira Guedes, Douglas Leonardo Gomes Filho, Vincent Larivière, Rodrigo Costas, Daniele Fanelli, Mark William Neff, Aline Carolina de Oliveira Machado Prata, Limbanazo Matandika, Sonia Maria Ramos de Vasconcelos & Karina de A. Rocha - 2016 - Research Integrity and Peer Review 1 (Suppl 1).
    Table of contentsI1 Proceedings of the 4th World Conference on Research IntegrityConcurrent Sessions:1. Countries' systems and policies to foster research integrityCS01.1 Second time around: Implementing and embedding a review of responsible conduct of research policy and practice in an Australian research-intensive universitySusan Patricia O'BrienCS01.2 Measures to promote research integrity in a university: the case of an Asian universityDanny Chan, Frederick Leung2. Examples of research integrity education programmes in different countriesCS02.1 Development of a state-run “cyber education program of research ethics” in (...)
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  5.  36
    Exploring Understanding of “Understanding”: The Paradigm Case of Biobank Consent Comprehension.Laura M. Beskow & Kevin P. Weinfurt - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):6-18.
    Data documenting poor understanding among research participants and real-time efforts to assess comprehension in large-scale studies are focusing new attention on informed consent comprehension. Within the context of biobanking consent, we previously convened a multidisciplinary panel to reach consensus about what information must be understood for a prospective participant’s consent to be considered valid. Subsequently, we presented them with data from another study showing that many U.S. adults would fail to comprehend the information the panel had deemed essential. When asked (...)
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  6.  17
    Elucidating the influences of embodiment and conceptual metaphor on lexical and non-speech tone learning.Laura M. Morett, Jacob B. Feiler & Laura M. Getz - 2022 - Cognition 222 (C):105014.
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  7.  58
    Disability, Epistemic Harms, and the Quality-Adjusted Life Year.Laura M. Cupples - 2020 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 13 (1):46-62.
    Health policymakers employ utility measures to inform resource allocation decisions. They often rely on a conceptual tool called the quality-adjusted life year that discounts the value of years lived in a state of disability relative to years lived in full health. A representative sample of the general public is asked to place values on hypothetical health states as part of a standard gamble or time trade-off task. Policymakers use the resulting values to calculate the number of QALYs gained through particular (...)
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  8.  40
    Does Women's Liberation Imply Children's Liberation?Laura M. Purdy - 1988 - Hypatia 3 (2):49 - 62.
    Shulamith Firestone argues that for women to embrace equal rights without recognizing them for children is unjust. Protection of children is merely repressive control: they are infantilized by our treatment of them. I maintain that many children no longer get much protection, but neither are they being provided with an environment conducive to learning prudence or morality. Recognizing equal rights for children is likely to worsen this situation, not make it better.
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  9.  12
    Feminist Ethics.Laura M. Purdy & Claudia Card - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (6):41.
    Book reviewed in this article: Feminist Ethics. Ed. Claudia Card.
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  10.  31
    Climate Engineering and the Playing God Critique.Laura M. Hartman - 2017 - Ethics and International Affairs 31 (3):313-333.
    Climate engineering is subject to the “playing God” critique, which charges that humans should not undertake to control nature in ways that seem to overstep the proper scope of human agency. This argument is easily discredited, and in fact the opposite—that we should “play God”—may be equally valid in some circumstances. To revive the playing God critique, I argue that it functions not on a logical but on a symbolic and emotional level to highlight nostalgia for functional dualisms in the (...)
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  11.  6
    Alexander and adverbs.Laura M. Castelli - 2023 - Philosophie Antique 23:7-25.
    In his commentary on Aristotle’s De intepretatione, Ammonius criticises the view, which he ascribes to Alexander of Aphrodisias, that epirrhêmata, ‘adverbs’, fall under the rubric of onoma. While it is difficult to establish Alexander’s view on the basis of Ammonius’s criticism, I argue that an intelligible view can be reconstructed, mainly based on evidence in Alexander’s commentary on the Topics, about different types of adverbs. In particular, I suggest that Alexander, apparently unlike Ammonius, may have drawn a distinction between two (...)
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  12.  2
    Face recognition's practical relevance: Social bonds, not social butterflies.Laura M. Engfors, Jeremy Wilmer, Romina Palermo, Gilles E. Gignac, Laura T. Germine & Linda Jeffery - 2024 - Cognition 250 (C):105816.
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  13.  30
    Return of Genetic Research Results to Participants and Families: IRB Perspectives and Roles.Laura M. Beskow & P. Pearl O'Rourke - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (3):502-513.
    We surveyed IRB chairs' perspectives on offering individual genetic research results to participants and families, including family members of deceased participants, and the IRB's role in addressing these issues. Given a particular hypothetical scenario, respondents favored offering results to participants but not family members, giving choices at the time of initial consent, and honoring elicited choices. They felt IRBs should have authority regarding the process issues, but a more limited role in medical and scientific issues.
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  14.  24
    An exploration of empowerment discourse within home-care nurses’ accounts of practice.Laura M. Funk, Kelli I. Stajduhar & Mary Ellen Purkis - 2011 - Nursing Inquiry 18 (1):66-76.
  15. Disentangling defining and demonstrating: Notes on an. post. II 3-7.Laura M. Castelli - 2019 - Manuscrito 42 (4):243-281.
    : In APo II 3-7 Aristotle discusses a series of difficulties concerning definition, deduction, and demonstration. In this paper I focus on two interrelated but distinct questions: firstly, what are exactly the difficulties emerging from or alluded to in the discussion in II 3-7; secondly, whether and in what sense the discussion in II 3-7 can be considered an aporetic discussion with a specific role to play in the development of the argument in APo II.
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  16. Genetics and reproductive risk : Can having children be immoral?Laura M. Purdy - 2010 - In Craig Hanks (ed.), Technology and values: essential readings. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
  17. Eye contact with neutral and smiling faces: effects on autonomic responses and frontal EEG asymmetry.Laura M. Pönkänen & Jari K. Hietanen - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  18.  6
    Environmental Stewardship: Critical Perspectives—Past and Present; Theology That Matters: Ecology, Economy, and God.Laura M. Hartman - 2009 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 29 (1):263-266.
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  19.  24
    Familiarity, Priming, and Perception in Similarity Judgments.M. Hiatt Laura & J. Gregory Trafton - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (6):1450-1484.
    We present a novel way of accounting for similarity judgments. Our approach posits that similarity stems from three main sources—familiarity, priming, and inherent perceptual likeness. Here, we explore each of these constructs and demonstrate their individual and combined effectiveness in explaining similarity judgments. Using these three measures, our account of similarity explains ratings of simple, color-based perceptual stimuli that display asymmetry effects, as well as more complicated perceptual stimuli with structural properties; more traditional approaches to similarity solve one or the (...)
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  20.  17
    IRB chairs' perspectives on genotype-driven research recruitment.Alexandra Cooper Laura M. Beskow, Emily E. Namey, Patrick R. Miller, Daniel K. Nelson - 2012 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 34 (3):1.
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  21. Are pregnant women fetal containers?Laura M. Purdy - 1990 - Bioethics 4 (4):273–291.
  22.  12
    Circumcision Stories: Enhancing our Understanding of Parental Perspectives in a Context of Controversy.Laura M. Carpenter - 2023 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 13 (2):101-106.
    This commentary examines twelve stories in which parents recount how they (and often their co-parent) decided whether or not to circumcise their newborn sons. Several debated whether this should be their decision to make. The stories offer an intimate glimpse into people's efforts to do the best for children in a context of incomplete and changing information and intense public controversy. The commentary explores the diverse meanings and contradictory commonsense beliefs that surround foreskin removal in the United States today. Considering (...)
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  23.  35
    The Good, the Wild, and the Native: An Ethical Evaluation of Ecological Restoration, Native Landscaping, and the 'Wild Ones' of Wisconsin.Laura M. Hartman & Kathleen M. Wooley - 2020 - Environmental Values 29 (5):579-603.
    Ecological restoration and native landscaping are increasing, particularly in the American Midwest, where they form part of the area's history and culture of conservation. But practitioners rarely pause to ask philosophical questions related to categories of native and invasive or human control and harmony with nature. This article brings philosophy into conversation with practice, using members of Wild Ones Native Landscaping, a non-profit headquartered in Neenah, WI, as a case study. Philosophers and ethicists who are studying Ecological Restoration and Native (...)
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  24. An emerging research framework for studying informal learning and schools.Laura M. W. Martin - 2004 - Science Education 88 (S1):S71 - S82.
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  25.  17
    Expert Perspectives on Oversight for Unregulated mHealth Research: Empirical Data and Commentary.Laura M. Beskow, Catherine M. Hammack-Aviran, Kathleen M. Brelsford & P. Pearl O'Rourke - 2020 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 48 (S1):138-146.
    In qualitative interviews with a diverse group of experts, the vast majority believed unregulated researchers should seek out independent oversight. Reasons included the need for objectivity, protecting app users from research risks, and consistency in standards for the ethical conduct of research. Concerns included burdening minimal risk research and limitations in current systems of oversight. Literature and analysis supports the use of IRBs even when not required by regulations, and the need for evidence-based improvements in IRB processes.
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  26.  22
    The Christian Consumer: Living Faithfully in a Fragile World.Laura M. Hartman - 2011 - Oup Usa.
    Consumption--the flow of physical materials in human lives--is an important ethical issue. Be it fair trade coffee or foreign oil, North Americans' consumption choices affect the well-being of humans around the globe, in addition to impacting the natural world and consumers themselves. In this book, Laura Hartman seeks to formulate a coherent Christian ethic of consumption.
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  27.  30
    Patients' Choices for Return of Exome Sequencing Results to Relatives in the Event of Their Death.Laura M. Amendola, Martha Horike-Pyne, Susan B. Trinidad, Stephanie M. Fullerton, Barbara J. Evans, Wylie Burke & Gail P. Jarvik - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (3):476-485.
    The informed consent process for genetic testing does not commonly address preferences regarding disclosure of results in the event of the patient's death. Adults being tested for familial colorectal cancer were asked whether they want their exome sequencing results disclosed to another person in the event of their death prior to receiving the results. Of 78 participants, 92% designated an individual and 8% declined to. Further research will help refine practices for informed consent.
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  28. Questioning the automaticity of audiovisual correspondences.Laura M. Getz & Michael Kubovy - 2018 - Cognition 175 (C):101-108.
    An audiovisual correspondence (AVC) refers to an observer’s seemingly arbitrary yet consistent matching of sensory features across the two modalities; for example, between an auditory pitch and visual size. Research on AVCs has frequently used a speeded classification procedure in which participants are asked to rapidly classify an image when it is either accompanied by a congruent or an incongruent sound (or vice versa). When, as is typically the case, classification is faster in the presence of a congruent stimulus, researchers (...)
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  29.  3
    When the Vendor Becomes the Library: Systems, Values, and the Commodification of Social Justice in Academic Collections.Laura M. Bernhardt & Becca Neel - 2023 - Journal of Information Ethics 31 (2):26-37.
    As library collections and services have increasingly moved from print to digital, much of the work that used to be done by libraries themselves with regard to creating, maintaining, and managing the systems that hold collections and facilitate user access to them is now done primarily by vendors. This change to the information services landscape for academic libraries is the occasion not only of technical and procedural challenges, but also some internal conflicts concerning the ethical demands of the library profession. (...)
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  30. Surrogate mothering:Exploitation or empowerment?Laura M. Purdy - 1989 - Bioethics 3 (1):18–34.
  31.  11
    On Aristotle, Topics 2.Laura M. Castelli - 2020 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic. Edited by Laura Maria Castelli.
    Aristotle's Topics is a handbook for dialectic, which can be understood as a philosophical debate between a questioner and a respondent. In book 2, Aristotle mainly develops strategies for making deductions about 'accidents', which are properties that might or might not belong to a subject (for instance, Socrates has five fingers, but might have had six), and about properties that simply belong to a subject without further specification. In the present commentary, here translated into English for the first time, Alexander (...)
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  32. Good Bioethics Must Be Feminist Bioethics.Laura M. Purdy - 1996 - In L. Wayne Sumner & Joseph Boyle (eds.), Philosophical Perspectives on Bioethics. University of Toronto Press. pp. 143-162.
  33.  39
    Are Pregnant Women Fetal Containers?Laura M. Purdy - 1990 - Bioethics 4 (4):273-291.
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  34.  22
    Points to consider: The research ethics consultation service and the IRB.Laura M. Beskow, Christine Grady, Ana S. Iltis, John Z. Sadler & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2009 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 31 (6):1.
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  35.  15
    Crisis in the Courtroom.Laura M. Henderson - unknown - Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy:49-66.
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  36.  14
    Parents’ Growth Mindsets and Home-Learning Activities: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Danish and US Parents.Laura M. Justice, Kelly M. Purtell, Dorthe Bleses & Sugene Cho - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  37.  56
    Is it morally permissible for me to have children? A decision to procreate is surely one of the most significant decisions a person can make. So it would seem that it ought not to be made without some moral soul-searching.Laura M. Purdy - forthcoming - Bioethics.
  38.  22
    Considering the nature of individual research results.Laura M. Beskow - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (6):38 – 40.
  39.  46
    Review of John Robertson: Children of Choice: Freedom and the New Reproductive Technologies.[REVIEW]Laura M. Purdy - 1996 - Ethics 106 (2):474-476.
  40.  42
    A response to Dodds and Jones.Laura M. Purdy - 1989 - Bioethics 3 (1):40–44.
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  41.  17
    In Women's Voices.Laura M. Purdy - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (6):41-42.
    Book reviewed in this article: Feminist Ethics. Ed. Claudia Card.
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  42.  9
    MAP kinase function in C. elegans.Laura M. Selfors & Michael J. Stern - 1994 - Bioessays 16 (5):301-304.
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  43.  52
    Gender and the Meaning and Experience of Virginity Loss in the Contemporary United States.Laura M. Carpenter - 2002 - Gender and Society 16 (3):345-365.
    This article draws on in-depth case studies of 61 women and men of diverse sexual identities to show how gender, while apparently diminishing in significance, continues to shape interpretations and experiences of virginity loss in complex ways. Although women and men tended to assign different meanings to virginity, those who shared an interpretation reported similar virginity-loss encounters. Each interpretation of virginity—as a gift, stigma, or process—featured unequal roles for virgin and partner, which interacted with gender differences in power to produce (...)
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  44.  27
    How Many Gods Does it Take? (To Discredit the Divine Command Theory).Laura M. Purdy - 1988 - Teaching Philosophy 11 (2):112-115.
  45.  43
    Pronatalism Is Violence Against Women: The Role of Genetics.Laura M. Purdy - 2019 - In Wanda Teays (ed.), Analyzing Violence Against Women. Cham: Springer. pp. 113-129.
    Pronatalism—the social bias toward having children—is at the core of much violence against women. Its chief characteristic, and its moral Achilles heel, is that it undermines autonomous decision-making about childbearing. Together with its soulmates misogyny and geneticism, it harms children, male partners, and humanity as a whole, given the serious environmental challenges now facing us. But, of course, biology requires women to gestate offspring, and women are generally expected to be responsible for childrearing. Female gender roles incorporate these facts, and (...)
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  46.  11
    What is Discredited?Laura M. Purdy - 1989 - Teaching Philosophy 12 (1):35-37.
  47.  20
    Applying the concept of structural empowerment to interactions between families and home‐care nurses.Laura M. Funk, Kelli I. Stajduhar, Melissa Giesbrecht, Denise Cloutier, Allison Williams & Faye Wolse - 2020 - Nursing Inquiry 27 (1):e12313.
    Interpretations of family carer empowerment in much nursing research, and in home‐care practice and policy, rarely attend explicitly to families’ choice or control about the nature, extent or length of their involvement, or control over the impact on their own health. In this article, structural empowerment is used as an analytic lens to examine home‐care nurses’ interactions with families in one Western Canadian region. Data were collected from 75 hrs of fieldwork in 59 interactions (18 nurses visiting 16 families) and (...)
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  48.  34
    " Look for the Color Red": Recovering Janet Campbell Hale's The Jailing of Cecelia Capture.Laura M. Furlan - 2010 - Intertexts 14 (2):123-141.
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  49.  14
    Covid-19 and Mental Health: Could Visual Art Exposure Help?Laura M. H. Gallo, Vincent Giampietro, Patricia A. Zunszain & Kai Syng Tan - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    A worldwidemental health crisis is expected, as millions worldwide fear death and disease while being forced into repeated isolation. Thus, there is a need for new proactive approaches to improve mental resilience and prevent mental health conditions. Since the 1990s, art has emerged as an alternative mental health therapy in the United States and Europe, becoming part of the social care agenda. This article focuses on how visual esthetic experiences can create similar patterns of neuronal activity as those observed when (...)
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  50.  43
    Feminists Healing Ethics.Laura M. Purdy - 1989 - Hypatia 4 (2):9 - 14.
    The field of ethics is enjoying a much-needed renaissance. Traditional theories and approaches are appropriately coming under fire, although not every new idea will stand time's test. Feminist thinking suggests that we at least emphasize the importance of women and their interests, focus on issues specially affecting women, rethink fundamental assumptions, incorporate feminist insights and conclusions from other areas, and be consistent with respect to our concerns about equality by paying attention to race and class.
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