Results for 'Laurent Bussard'

994 found
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  1.  17
    Delegation of Access Rights in Multi-Domain Service Compositions.Laurent Bussard, Anna Nano & Ulrich Pinsdorf - 2009 - Identity in the Information Society 2 (2):137-154.
    Today, it becomes more and more common to combine services from different providers into one application. Service composition is however difficult and cumbersome when there is no common trust anchor. Hence, delegation of access rights across trust domains will become essential in service composition scenarios. This article specifies abstract delegation, discusses theoretical aspects of the concept, and provides technical details of a validation implementation supporting a variety of access controls and associated delegation mechanisms. Abstract delegation allows to harmonize the management (...)
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  2.  29
    The ‘Dangerous Class’ of Marx and Engels: The Rise of the Idea of the Lumpenproletariat.Robert L. Bussard - 1987 - History of European Ideas 8 (6):675-692.
  3. Marty and Brentano.Laurent Cesalli & Kevin Mulligan - 2017 - In Uriah Kriegel (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Franz Brentano and the Brentano School. London and New York: Routledge. pp. 251-263.
    The Swiss philosopher Anton Marty (Schwyz, 1847 - Prague, 1914) belongs, with Carl Stumpf, to the first circle of Brentano’s pupils. Within Brentano’s school (and, to some extent, in the secondary literature), Marty has often been considered (in particular by Meinong) a kind of would-be epigone of his master (Fisette & Fréchette 2007: 61-2). There is no doubt that Brentano’s doctrine often provides Marty with his philosophical starting points. But Marty often arrives at original conclusions which are diametrically opposed to (...)
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  4.  21
    Pragmatic Regimes Governing the Engagement with the World.Laurent Thévenot - 2001 - In Theodore R. Schatzki, K. Knorr-Cetina & Eike von Savigny (eds.), The Practice Turn in Contemporary Theory. Routledge. pp. 56--73.
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  5.  12
    Autopiction : Où Va la Peinture de Laurent Marissal.Laurent Buffet - 2011 - Nouvelle Revue D’Esthétique 7 (1):81.
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  6. Lettre de M. Harsin et réponse de M. H. Laurent.H. Laurent & M. Harsin - 1928 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 7 (3):1301-1306.
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  7. Two Middle English Translations of Friar Laurent's Somme le Roi: Critical Edition.Laurent - 2010 - Brepols Publishers N.V..
  8.  88
    On Justification: Economies of Worth.Luc Boltanski & Laurent Thévenot - 2006 - Princeton University Press.
    A vital and underappreciated dimension of social interaction is the way individuals justify their actions to others, instinctively drawing on their experience to appeal to principles they hope will command respect. Individuals, however, often misread situations, and many disagreements can be explained by people appealing, knowingly and unknowingly, to different principles. On Justification is the first English translation of Luc Boltanski and Laurent Thévenot's ambitious theoretical examination of these phenomena, a book that has already had a huge impact on (...)
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  9.  70
    Lamarckism and Epigenetic Inheritance: A Clarification.Laurent Loison - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (3-4):29.
    Since the 1990s, the terms “Lamarckism” and “Lamarckian” have seen a significant resurgence in biological publications. The discovery of new molecular mechanisms have been interpreted as evidence supporting the reality and efficiency of the inheritance of acquired characters, and thus the revival of Lamarckism. The present paper aims at giving a critical evaluation of such interpretations. I argue that two types of arguments allow to draw a clear distinction between the genuine Lamarckian concept of inheritance of acquired characters and transgenerational (...)
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  10.  30
    Paradoxes From the Individualization of Human Resource Management: The Case of Telework.Laurent Taskin & Valérie Devos - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 62 (1):13-24.
    In the context of change to the “new modernity” described in Beck’s work, companies develop management modes and methods that focus more and more on individuals. Constitutive of the individualization process, human resources practices have become ambivalent as the process itself. This contribution examines how a managerial and organizational innovation as telework contributes to the process of individualization, and the paradoxes it addresses to management. At the interface of the social and the technical, teleworking appears as a flexible arrangement, meeting (...)
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  11.  1
    The Sociology of Critical Capacity.Laurent Thévenot & Luc Boltanski - 1999 - European Journal of Social Theory 2 (3):359-377.
    This article argues that many situations in social life can be analyzed by their requirement for the justification of action. It is in particular in situations of dispute that a need arises to explicate the grounds on which responsibility for errors is distributed and on which new agreement can be reached. Since a plurality of mutually incompatible modes of justification exists, disputes can be understood as disagreements either about whether the accepted rule of justification has not been violated or about (...)
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  12.  11
    Forms of Presentism in the History of Science. Rethinking the Project of Historical Epistemology.Laurent Loison - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 60:29-37.
  13.  16
    Language and Thought.Laurent Jaffro - 2013 - In James A. Harris (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of British Philosophy in the Eighteenth Century. Oxford University Press. pp. 128.
    This chapter set outs the variety of eighteenth-century approaches to the relations between language and thought, beginning with post-Lockean debates focused on the status of abstract general ideas, and ending with anti-empiricist Scottish philosophy at the end of the century. The empiricist theory of signs, notably in George Berkeley, is one important dimension of the discussions: ‘Ideas’ are centre stage, although they do not exhaust the empiricist furniture of the mind. There is also a different philosophical trend illustrated by neglected (...)
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  14.  23
    Dialogical Logic.Laurent Keiff - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  15.  9
    Addressing Marine Plastic Pollution.Laurent J. G. van der Maesen - 2018 - International Journal of Social Quality 8 (2):47-77.
  16.  94
    Scale Relativity and Fractal Space-Time: Theory and Applications. [REVIEW]Laurent Nottale - 2010 - Foundations of Science 15 (2):101-152.
    In the first part of this contribution, we review the development of the theory of scale relativity and its geometric framework constructed in terms of a fractal and nondifferentiable continuous space-time. This theory leads (i) to a generalization of possible physically relevant fractal laws, written as partial differential equation acting in the space of scales, and (ii) to a new geometric foundation of quantum mechanics and gauge field theories and their possible generalisations. In the second part, we discuss some examples (...)
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  17. Anton Marty, Karl Bühler. Between Mind and Language.Laurent Cesalli & Janette Friedrich (eds.) - 2014 - Schwabe.
     
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  18.  29
    Punishing Hypocrisy: The Roles of Hypocrisy and Moral Emotions in Deciding Culpability and Punishment of Criminal and Civil Moral Transgressors.Sean M. Laurent, Brian A. M. Clark, Stephannie Walker & Kimberly D. Wiseman - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (1):59-83.
  19. Does Loving Every Mean Loving Every Every, Even Non-Existent Ones?Laurent Cesalli - 2012 - In Mora-Márquez Ana María, Fink Jakob Leth & Hansen Heine (eds.), Logic and Language in the Middle Ages. Brill. pp. 305--336.
  20.  3
    La critique augustinienne des catégories d' Aristote.Laurent Villevieille - 2013 - Revista Filosófica de Coimbra 22 (43):143-164.
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  21.  16
    Computing K-Trivial Sets by Incomplete Random Sets.Laurent Bienvenu, Adam R. Day, Noam Greenberg, Antonín Kučera, Joseph S. Miller, André Nies & Dan Turetsky - 2014 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 20 (1):80-90.
    EveryK-trivial set is computable from an incomplete Martin-Löf random set, i.e., a Martin-Löf random set that does not compute the halting problem.
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  22.  91
    The Road to Ideelle Verähnlichung. Anton Marty’s Conception of Intentionality in the Light of its Brentanian Background.Laurent Cesalli & Hamid Taieb - 2012 - Quaestio 12:171-232.
    Anton Marty (1847-1914) is known to be the most faithful pupil of Franz Brentano. As a matter of fact, most of his philosophical ideas find their source in the works of his master. Yet, the faithfulness of Marty is not constant. As the rich correspondence between the two thinkers shows, Marty elaborates an original theory of intentionality from ca. 1904 onward. This theory is based on the idea that intentionality is a process of mental assimilation (ideelle Verähnlichung), a process at (...)
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  23.  17
    Fear of the Known: Semantic Generalisation of Fear Conditioning Across Languages in Bilinguals.Laurent Grégoire & Steven G. Greening - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (2):352-358.
    While modern theories of emotion emphasize the role of higher-order cognitive processes such as semantics in human emotion, much research into emotional learning has ignored the potential contribut...
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  24.  85
    Technologies of Democracy: Experiments and Demonstrations.Brice Laurent - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (4):649-666.
    Technologies of democracy are instruments based on material apparatus, social practices and expert knowledge that organize the participation of various publics in the definition and treatment of public problems. Using three examples related to the engagement of publics in nanotechnology in France (a citizen conference, a series of public meetings, and an industrial design process), the paper argues that Science and Technology Studies provide useful tools and methods for the analysis of technologies of democracy. Operations of experiments and public demonstrations (...)
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  25.  52
    French Roots of French Neo-Lamarckisms, 1879–1985.Laurent Loison - 2011 - Journal of the History of Biology 44 (4):713 - 744.
    This essay attempts to describe the neo-Lamarckian atmosphere that was dominant in French biology for more than a century. Firstly, we demonstrate that there were not one but at least two French neo-Lamarckian traditions. This implies, therefore, that it is possible to propose a clear definition of a (neo) Lamarckian conception, and by using it, to distinguish these two traditions. We will see that these two conceptions were not dominant at the same time. The first French neo-Lamarckism (1879-1931) was structured (...)
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  26. Enhanced Perception in Savant Syndrome: Patterns, Structure, and Creativity.Laurent Mottron, Michelle Dawson & Isabelle Soulieres - 2010 - In Francesca Happé & Uta Frith (eds.), Autism and Talent. Oup/the Royal Society.
     
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  27.  31
    Leaving Politics: Bios, Zōē, Life.Laurent Dubreuil & Clarissa C. Eagle - 2006 - Diacritics 36 (2):83-98.
    This article explores the category of biopolitics through the use Roberto Esposito and Giorgio Agamben make of two Greek words, bios and ōē. In particular, I argue that the separation of bios and ōē as introduced in Homo Sacer has no "natural" nor "lingual" relevance. The exposition of such a fabulous antinomy simply ruins the historical matter of Agamben's discourse on biopolitics. Here, Esposito's research could be read as an attempt to found the category of biopolitics anew without repeating the (...)
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  28.  17
    The Complementary Roles of Auditory and Motor Information Evaluated in a Bayesian Perceptuo-Motor Model of Speech Perception.Raphaël Laurent, Marie-Lou Barnaud, Jean-Luc Schwartz, Pierre Bessière & Julien Diard - 2017 - Psychological Review 124 (5):572-602.
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  29.  8
    Denjoy, Demuth and Density.Laurent Bienvenu, Rupert Hölzl, Joseph S. Miller & André Nies - 2014 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 14 (1):1450004.
    We consider effective versions of two classical theorems, the Lebesgue density theorem and the Denjoy–Young–Saks theorem. For the first, we show that a Martin-Löf random real z ∈ [0, 1] is Turing incomplete if and only if every effectively closed class.
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  30.  9
    On the Interplay Between Effective Notions of Randomness and Genericity.Laurent Bienvenu & Christopher P. Porter - 2019 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 84 (1):393-407.
    In this paper, we study the power and limitations of computing effectively generic sequences using effectively random oracles. Previously, it was known that every 2-random sequence computes a 1-generic sequence and every 2-random sequence forms a minimal pair in the Turing degrees with every 2-generic sequence. We strengthen these results by showing that every Demuth random sequence computes a 1-generic sequence and that every Demuth random sequence forms a minimal pair with every pb-generic sequence. Moreover, we prove that for every (...)
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  31.  27
    Neurobiology of Attention.Laurent Itti, Geraint Rees & John K. Tsotsos (eds.) - 2005 - Academic Press.
    This book presents a state-of-the-art multidisciplinary perspective on psychological, physiological and computational approaches to understanding the ...
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  32.  58
    The Unique Role of the Visual Word Form Area in Reading.Stanislas Dehaene & Laurent Cohen - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (6):254-262.
  33.  11
    Washing the Guilt Away: Effects of Personal Versus Vicarious Cleansing on Guilty Feelings and Prosocial Behavior.Hanyi Xu, Laurent Bègue & Brad J. Bushman - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  34.  45
    La dialectique, entre logique et rhétorique.Laurent Keiff - 2010 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 66 (2):149-178.
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  35.  31
    Le projet du néolamarckisme français (1880-1910).Laurent Loison - 2012 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 65 (1):61-79.
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  36.  8
    Mental Similarity: Marty and the Pre-Brentanian Tradition.Laurent Cesalli - 2017 - In Hamid Taieb & Guillaume Fréchette (eds.), Mind and Language – on the Philosophy of Anton Marty. De Gruyter. pp. 63-82.
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  37.  31
    Fitness, Inclusive Fitness, and Optimization.Laurent Lehmann & François Rousset - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (2):181-195.
    Individual-as-maximizing agent analogies result in a simple understanding of the functioning of the biological world. Identifying the conditions under which individuals can be regarded as fitness maximizing agents is thus of considerable interest to biologists. Here, we compare different concepts of fitness maximization, and discuss within a single framework the relationship between Hamilton’s (J Theor Biol 7:1–16, 1964) model of social interactions, Grafen’s (J Evol Biol 20:1243–1254, 2007a) formal Darwinism project, and the idea of evolutionary stable strategies. We distinguish cases (...)
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  38. Berkeley's Alciphron: English Text and Essays in Interpretation.Laurent Jaffro, Genevieve Brykman & Claire Schwartz (eds.) - 2010 - Georg Olms Verlag.
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  39.  11
    The Art of Biblical NarrativeThe Great Code: The Bible and Literature.Laurent Stern, Robert Alter & Northrop Frye - 1983 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 41 (3):340.
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  40.  17
    Unintended, but Still Blameworthy: The Roles of Awareness, Desire, and Anger in Negligence, Restitution, and Punishment.Sean M. Laurent, Narina L. Nuñez & Kimberly A. Schweitzer - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (7).
  41.  25
    MHC‐Dependent Mate Choice in Humans: Why Genomic Patterns From the HapMap European American Dataset Support the Hypothesis.Romain Laurent & Raphaëlle Chaix - 2012 - Bioessays 34 (4):267-271.
  42.  18
    L'analyse Stratégique de la Gestion Environnementale : Un Cadre Théorique Pour Penser l'Efficacité En Matière D'Environnement.Laurent Mermet, Raphaël Billé, Maya Leroy, Jean-Baptiste Narcy & Xavier Poux - 2005 - Natures Sciences Sociétés 13 (2):127-137.
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  43.  15
    Against Deconstruction.Laurent Stern - 1990 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 48 (2):171-173.
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  44.  57
    A Brief and Selective History of Attention.John K. Tsotsos, Laurent Itti & Geraint Rees - 2005 - In Laurent Itti, Geraint Rees & John K. Tsotsos (eds.), Neurobiology of Attention. Academic Press.
  45.  18
    Analyzing Societal Circumstances, Sustainability and Sustainable Urban Development: New Theoretical and Methodological Challenges.Laurent J. G. van der Maesen - 2013 - International Journal of Social Quality 3 (1):82-105.
    This article reviews the development of social quality indicators and the challenges ahead. First, through a review of recent Asian and Australian work carried out on social quality indicators, and the World Bank related work on “social development indicators,” the article argues that social quality indicators research should move beyond the empirical level of particular policy areas. Therefore, it should be guided by a clear methodological perspective regarding the role of indicators as part of a social quality theory (SQT) and (...)
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  46.  21
    The Primary Substance in Plotinus’ Metaphysics: A Little-Known Concept.Laurent Lavaud - 2014 - Phronesis 59 (4):369-384.
  47.  2
    Editorial: Actual Politics and the Need of Conceptual Clarity.Laurent J. G. van der Maesen - 2019 - International Journal of Social Quality 9 (2):v-xx.
    The challenge of sustainability of all forms of life on this planet concerns directly the actors, agencies, and other forms of the sociopolitical/legal dimension of societies. This has been confirmed by all members of the BRICS nations in the past decade, who said to follow the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development of the UN. As argued by Marco Ricceri, with the Paris Agreement in mind, these member states presented a self-imposed and relevant assignment, which will or should function as their (...)
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  48.  13
    The Alliance Approach to Innovation: Agro- Ecological Innovations, Alliance, and Agency.Laurent Parrot & Lori Keleher - 2017 - Ethics and Economics 14 (1).
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  49.  3
    Randomness and Lowness Notions Via Open Covers.Laurent Bienvenu & Joseph S. Miller - 2012 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 163 (5):506-518.
  50.  11
    Characterizing Lowness for Demuth Randomness.Laurent Bienvenu, Rod Downey, Noam Greenberg, André Nies & Dan Turetsky - 2014 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 79 (2):526-560.
    We show the existence of noncomputable oracles which are low for Demuth randomness, answering a question in [15]. We fully characterize lowness for Demuth randomness using an appropriate notion of traceability. Central to this characterization is a partial relativization of Demuth randomness, which may be more natural than the fully relativized version. We also show that an oracle is low for weak Demuth randomness if and only if it is computable.
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