Results for 'Laurent Lehmann'

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  1.  13
    Fitness, Inclusive Fitness, and Optimization.Laurent Lehmann & François Rousset - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (2):181-195.
    Individual-as-maximizing agent analogies result in a simple understanding of the functioning of the biological world. Identifying the conditions under which individuals can be regarded as fitness maximizing agents is thus of considerable interest to biologists. Here, we compare different concepts of fitness maximization, and discuss within a single framework the relationship between Hamilton’s (J Theor Biol 7:1–16, 1964) model of social interactions, Grafen’s (J Evol Biol 20:1243–1254, 2007a) formal Darwinism project, and the idea of evolutionary stable strategies. We distinguish cases (...)
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  2.  9
    Die Schriften von Gerhard Lehmann.Gerhard Lehmann - 1965 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 19 (2):348-356.
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  3. Lettre de M. Harsin et réponse de M. H. Laurent.H. Laurent & M. Harsin - 1928 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 7 (3):1301-1306.
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  4. Beiträge Zur Kritik der Reinen Vernunft, 1781-1981.Gerhard Lehmann, Ingeborg Heidemann & Wolfgang Ritzel - 1981
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  5.  42
    New Perspectives on Adam Smith's the Theory of Moral Sentiments.Geoff Cockfield, Ann Firth & John Laurent (eds.) - 2007 - Edward Elgar.
    1. Introduction Geoff Cockfield, Ann Firth and John Laurent -/- 2. The Role of Thumos in Adam Smith’s System Lisa Hill -/- 3. Adam Smith’s Treatment of the Greeks in The Theory of Moral Sentiments: The Case of Aristotle Richard Temple-Smith -/- 4. Adam Smith, Religion and the Scottish Enlightenment Pete Clarke -/- 5. The ‘New View’ of Adam Smith and the Development of his Views Over Time James E. Alvey -/- 6. The Moon Before the Dawn: A Seventeenth-Century (...)
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  6. Lien : Entretien avec La Cause Freudienne : Le calcul du meilleur : alerte au tsunami numérique.Gilles Châtenay, Eric Laurent & Jacques-Alain Miller - 2005 - Multitudes 21.
    In this polyphonic dialogue, Gilles Châtenay, Eric Laurent, and Jacques-Alain Miller, responding to questions by Yann Moulier Boutang and Olivier Surel, ponder the consequences of the newest waves of digital processing of data related to the personal life, and of their increasing interconnection. In this “numerical tsunami” and in the political rhetoric that supports it by promoting maximal security and risk management, they identify a resurgence of utilitarianism, and, due to the technological power thus unleashed, a considerable danger for (...)
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  7. Psychobiology of Altered States of Consciousness.Dieter Vaitl, Niels Birbaumer, John Gruzelier, Graham A. Jamieson, Boris Kotchoubey, Andrea Kübler, Dietrich Lehmann, Wolfgang H. R. Miltner, Ulrich Ott, Peter Pütz, Gebhard Sammer, Inge Strauch, Ute Strehl, Jiri Wackermann & Thomas Weiss - 2005 - Psychological Bulletin 131 (1):98-127.
  8.  13
    Distance Semantics for Belief Revision.Daniel Lehmann, Menachem Magidor & Karl Schlechta - 2001 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 66 (1):295-317.
    A vast and interesting family of natural semantics for belief revision is defined. Suppose one is given a distance d between any two models. One may then define the revision of a theory K by a formula α as the theory defined by the set of all those models of α that are closest, by d, to the set of models of K. This family is characterized by a set of rationality postulates that extends the AGM postulates. The new postulates (...)
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  9.  60
    Technologies of Democracy: Experiments and Demonstrations.Brice Laurent - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (4):649-666.
    Technologies of democracy are instruments based on material apparatus, social practices and expert knowledge that organize the participation of various publics in the definition and treatment of public problems. Using three examples related to the engagement of publics in nanotechnology in France (a citizen conference, a series of public meetings, and an industrial design process), the paper argues that Science and Technology Studies provide useful tools and methods for the analysis of technologies of democracy. Operations of experiments and public demonstrations (...)
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  10.  1
    MHC‐Dependent Mate Choice in Humans: Why Genomic Patterns From the HapMap European American Dataset Support the Hypothesis.Romain Laurent & Raphaëlle Chaix - 2012 - Bioessays 34 (4):267-271.
  11.  44
    Sur les notions d’usage chez Wittgenstein et Heidegger.Frédérique Laurent & François-Igor Pris - 2015 - AL-MUKHATABAT (13):132-146.
    Nous comparons les notions d’usage et de signification chez Ludwig Wittgenstein et Martin Heidegger. Contrairement à Jocelyn Benoist, nous pensons que l’analogie entre Wittgenstein et Heidegger n’est pas superficielle. La métaphysique de Heidegger explicite certaines présuppositions implicites de la seconde philosophie de Wittgenstein. Le pragmatisme naturaliste de Wittgenstein peut être théorisé. Notamment la notion wittgensteinienne d’usage, ou de jeu de langage, peut être comprise comme une pratique à la fois naturelle et normative régie par des règles. -/- Wittgenstein’s notions of (...)
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  12.  10
    Punishing Hypocrisy: The Roles of Hypocrisy and Moral Emotions in Deciding Culpability and Punishment of Criminal and Civil Moral Transgressors.Sean M. Laurent, Brian A. M. Clark, Stephannie Walker & Kimberly D. Wiseman - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (1):59-83.
  13.  66
    Definition and Cultural Representation of the Category Mushi in Japanese Culture.Erick Laurent - 1995 - Society and Animals 3 (1):61-77.
    In this essay, I attempt to define the 'ethnocategory' mushi in Japanese culture, through a semantic analysis of the Chinese characters bearing the radical "mushi," and fieldwork research in rural Japan. The research offers criteria for an animal's inclusion in the category, reveals the differences in people's perception of mushi according to age and gender, and elicits a structure of the category as a series of concentric circles around a semantic core. The richness and complexity of the findings provide insight (...)
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  14. Brain Electrical Activity and Subjective Experience During Altered States of Consciousness: Ganzfeld and Hypnagogic States.Jirí Wackerman, Peter Pütz, Simone Büchi, Inge Strauch & Dietrich Lehmann - 2002 - International Journal of Psychophysiology 46 (2):123-146.
  15.  5
    Polarized Games.Olivier Laurent - 2004 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 130 (1-3):79-123.
    We generalize the intuitionistic Hyland–Ong games to a notion of polarized games allowing games with plays starting by proponent moves. The usual constructions on games are adjusted to fit this setting yielding game models for both Intuitionistic Linear Logic and Polarized Linear Logic. We prove a definability result for this polarized model and this gives complete game models for various classical systems: , λμ-calculus, … for both call-by-name and call-by-value evaluations.
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  16.  39
    Nonmonotonic Reasoning: From Finitary Relations to Infinitary Inference Operations.Michael Freund & Daniel Lehmann - 1994 - Studia Logica 53 (2):161 - 201.
    A. Tarski [22] proposed the study of infinitary consequence operations as the central topic of mathematical logic. He considered monotonicity to be a property of all such operations. In this paper, we weaken the monotonicity requirement and consider more general operations, inference operations. These operations describe the nonmonotonic logics both humans and machines seem to be using when infering defeasible information from incomplete knowledge. We single out a number of interesting families of inference operations. This study of infinitary inference operations (...)
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  17.  16
    Religious Perspectives on Embryo Donation and Research.I. H. Kerridge, C. F. C. Jordens, R. Benson, R. Clifford, R. A. Ankeny, D. Keown, B. Tobin, S. Bhattacharyya, A. Sachedina, L. S. Lehmann & B. Edgar - 2010 - Clinical Ethics 5 (1):35-45.
    The success of assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs) worldwide has led to an accumulation of frozen embryos that are surplus to the reproductive needs of those for whom they were created. In these situations, couples must decide whether to discard them or donate them for scientific research or for use by other infertile couples. While legislation and regulation may limit the decisions that couples make, their decisions are often shaped by their religious beliefs. Unfortunately, health professionals, scientists and policy-makers are often (...)
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  18. Dual Functions of DNA Repair Genes: Molecular, Cellular, and Clinical Implications.A. R. Lehmann - 1998 - Bioessays 20 (2):146-155.
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  19.  51
    Strict Fregean Free Logic.Scott Lehmann - 1994 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 23 (3):307--336.
  20.  43
    An Ontology of Physical Causation as a Basis for Assessing Causation in Fact and Attributing Legal Responsibility.Jos Lehmann & Aldo Gangemi - 2007 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 15 (3):301-321.
    Computational machineries dedicated to the attribution of legal responsibility should be based on (or, make use of) a stack of definitions relating the notion of legal responsibility to a number of suitably chosen causal notions. This paper presents a general analysis of legal responsibility and of causation in fact based on Hart and Honoré’s work. Some physical aspects of causation in fact are then treated within the “lite” version of DOLCE foundational ontology written in OWL-DL, a standard description logic for (...)
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  21.  42
    Causation in AI and Law.Jos Lehmann, Joost Breuker & Bob Brouwer - 2004 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 12 (4):279-315.
    Reasoning about causation in fact is an essential element of attributing legal responsibility. Therefore, the automation of the attribution of legal responsibility requires a modelling effort aimed at the following: a thorough understanding of the relation between the legal concepts of responsibility and of causation in fact; a thorough understanding of the relation between causation in fact and the common sense concept of causation; and, finally, the specification of an ontology of the concepts that are minimally required for (automatic) common (...)
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  22.  24
    Semiotics at the Middle Rung of the Ladder of Language.Winfred P. Lehmann - 1983 - American Journal of Semiotics 2 (3):59-69.
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  23.  27
    La Drépanocytose. État Actuel de la Récherche Et Contribution À la Biologie des Noirs Sicklémiques.Hermann Lehmann - 1957 - The Eugenics Review 49 (3):145.
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  24.  26
    Do Wildernesses Have Rights?Scott Lehmann - 1981 - Environmental Ethics 3 (2):129-146.
    Although preservationists sometimes allege a right of wild areas to remain wild, their arguments do not warrant the ascription of such a right. It is hard to see how any argument to this conclusion could be persuasive, for (1) X having a right to Y requires that depriving X of Y injure X (other things being equal), and (2) the only X we have reason to think can be injured is an X which possesses consciousness. On the other hand, rights (...)
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  25.  45
    Durkheim's Response to Feminism: Prescriptions for Women.Jennifer M. Lehmann - 1990 - Sociological Theory 8 (2):163-187.
  26.  5
    Polarized and Focalized Linear and Classical Proofs.Olivier Laurent, Myriam Quatrini & Lorenzo Tortora de Falco - 2005 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 134 (2):217-264.
    We give the precise correspondence between polarized linear logic and polarized classical logic. The properties of focalization and reversion of linear proofs are at the heart of our analysis: we show that the tq-protocol of normalization for the classical systems and perfectly fits normalization of polarized proof-nets. Some more semantical considerations allow us to recover LC as a refinement of multiplicative.
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  27.  28
    The ITALK Project: A Developmental Robotics Approach to the Study of Individual, Social, and Linguistic Learning.Frank Broz, Chrystopher L. Nehaniv, Tony Belpaeme, Ambra Bisio, Kerstin Dautenhahn, Luciano Fadiga, Tomassino Ferrauto, Kerstin Fischer, Frank Förster, Onofrio Gigliotta, Sascha Griffiths, Hagen Lehmann, Katrin S. Lohan, Caroline Lyon, Davide Marocco, Gianluca Massera, Giorgio Metta, Vishwanathan Mohan, Anthony Morse, Stefano Nolfi, Francesco Nori, Martin Peniak, Karola Pitsch, Katharina J. Rohlfing, Gerhard Sagerer, Yo Sato, Joe Saunders, Lars Schillingmann, Alessandra Sciutti, Vadim Tikhanoff, Britta Wrede, Arne Zeschel & Angelo Cangelosi - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (3):534-544.
    This article presents results from a multidisciplinary research project on the integration and transfer of language knowledge into robots as an empirical paradigm for the study of language development in both humans and humanoid robots. Within the framework of human linguistic and cognitive development, we focus on how three central types of learning interact and co-develop: individual learning about one's own embodiment and the environment, social learning (learning from others), and learning of linguistic capability. Our primary concern is how these (...)
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  28.  12
    Patients' Perceptions of the Quality of Informed Consent for Common Medical Procedures.Daniel P. Sulmasy, Lisa S. Lehmann, David M. Levine & R. R. Raden - 1994 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 5 (3):189.
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  29.  17
    Plurality of Science and Rational Integration of Knowledge.Catherine Laurent - 2012 - In Torres Juan, Pombo Olga, Symons John & Rahman Shahid (eds.), Special Sciences and the Unity of Science. Springer. pp. 219--231.
  30.  21
    An Introduction to Philosophical Logic.S. K. Lehmann - 1985 - Teaching Philosophy 8 (1):87-89.
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  31.  15
    Das Medium als Mediator Eine Materialtheorie fur (Ol-) Bilder.Ann-Sophie Lehmann - 2012 - Zeitschrift für Ästhetik Und Allgemeine Kunstwissenschaft 57 (1):69-88.
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  32.  22
    Weber's Protestant Ethic: Origins, Evidence, Contexts.Hartmut Lehmann & Guenther Roth (eds.) - 1993 - Cambridge University Press.
    Although Weber's path-breaking work on the Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism has received much attention ever since it first appeared in 1904-5, recent research has uncovered important new aspects. This volume, the result of an international, interdisciplinary effort, throws new light on the intellectual and cultural background of Weber's work, debates recent criticism of Weber's thesis, and confronts new historical insight on the seventeenth century with Weber's interpretation. Revisiting Weber's thesis serves to deepen our understanding of Weber as (...)
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  33.  6
    All Brain Work – Including Recall – is State-Dependent.Dietrich Lehmann & Martha Koukkou - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):964-965.
    The continuous ongoing mentation is experienced as dreams in some functional states. Mentation occurs with high speed, is driven by individual memory, and uses state-dependent processing strategies, context material, storage options, and retrieval access. Retrieval deserves more attention. Multiple state-shifts owing to individual meaning as extracted also during sleep concatenate dream narratives and define access to segments for awake recall. [Hobson et al.; Nielson; Solms].
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  34.  4
    Adam Ferguson and the Beginnings of Modern Sociology.W. C. Lehmann - 1933 - Philosophical Review 42 (3):327-329.
  35. Ethics in a Christian Context.Paul Louis Lehmann - 1963 - Greenwood Press.
     
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  36.  13
    A Framework for Semantic-Based Similarity Measures for\ Mathcal {ELH}-Concepts.Karsten Lehmann & Anni-Yasmin Turhan - 2012 - In Luis Farinas del Cerro, Andreas Herzig & Jerome Mengin (eds.), Logics in Artificial Intelligence. Springer. pp. 307--319.
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  37.  17
    The Timing of Attentional Modulation of Visual Processing as Indexed by ERPs.Alberto Zani, Alice Mado Proverbio, I. Laurent, R. Geraint & K. T. John - 2005 - In Laurent Itti, Geraint Rees & John K. Tsotsos (eds.), Neurobiology of Attention. Academic Press.
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  38.  2
    Nonmonotonic Inference Operations.Michael Freund & Daniel Lehmann - 1993 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 1 (1):23-68.
    A. Tarski [21] proposed the study of infinitary consequence operations as the central topic of mathematical logic. He considered monotonicity to be a property of all such operations. In this paper, we weaken the monotonicity requirement and consider more general operations, inference operations. These operations describe the nonmonotonic logics both humans and machines seem to be using when infering dofeasible information from incomplete knowledge. We single out a number of interesting families of inference operations. This study of infinitary inference operations (...)
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  39.  14
    Tensegrity Behaviour of Cortical and Cytosolic Cytoskeletal Components in Twisted Living Adherent Cells.Valérie M. Laurent, Patrick Cañadas, Redouane Fodil, Emmanuelle Planus, Atef Asnacios, Sylvie Wendling & Daniel Isabey - 2002 - Acta Biotheoretica 50 (4):331-356.
    The present study is an attempt to relate the multicomponent response of the cytoskeleton (CSK), evaluated in twisted living adherent cells, to the heterogeneity of the cytoskeletal structure - evaluated both experimentally by means of 3D reconstructions, and theoretically considering the predictions given by two tensegrity models composed of (four and six) compressive elements and (respectively 12 and 24) tensile elements. Using magnetic twisting cytometry in which beads are attached to integrin receptors linked to the actin CSK of living adherent (...)
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  40.  9
    Von der Gegenstandstheorie zur Gemèinschaftslogik.Gerhard Lehmann - 1951 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 6 (4):603 - 609.
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  41.  10
    Sur des modalités d'existence du non-être. Du vide démocritéen à la matière plotinienne.Jérôme Laurent - 2003 - Quaestio 3 (1):61-70.
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  42.  13
    Robot Companions for Children with Down Syndrome: A Case Study.Hagen Lehmann, Iolanda Iacono, Kerstin Dautenhahn, Patrizia Marti & Ben Robins - 2014 - Interaction Studies 15 (1):99-112.
    We describe an exploratory case study about the applicability of different robotic platforms in an educational context with a child with Down syndrome. The robotic platforms tested are the humanoid robot KASPAR and the mobile robotic platform IROMEC. During the study we observed the effects KASPAR and IROMEC had in helping the child with the development and improvement of her social skills while playing different interactive games with the robots. Conceptually similar play scenarios were performed with both robots and the (...)
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  43.  9
    Der Traum Vom Zerstückelten Körper.Ann-Sophie Lehmann - 1998 - Die Philosophin 9 (17):36-53.
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  44.  9
    Abnormal Haemoglobins: A Symposium Organized by the Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences. Established Under the Joint Auspices of UNESCO and WHO.H. Lehmann - 1959 - The Eugenics Review 51 (3):184.
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  45.  12
    Tradition und Zeitgeist in einer Estherrolle aus der Zeit Friedrich des Großen.Israel O. Lehmann - 1971 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 23 (1):135-142.
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  46.  12
    Byzance et les Turcs Seljoucides dans l'Asie Occidentale jusqu'en 1081.J. Laurent - 1920 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 40:228.
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  47.  9
    Strabon et la philosophie stoïcienne.Jérôme Laurent - 2008 - Archives de Philosophie 1 (1):111-127.
    Strabon n'est pas un philosophe stoïcien. En relisant l'ensemble de la Géographie, les traits stoïciens de sa méthode, de sa physique et de sa conception de l'existence humaine apparaissent bien minces. Il semble donc préférable de voir en lui un penseur éclectique dont le but principal est la description rigoureuse du monde habité.Strabo is not stoic philosopher. His Geography, his Method, his Physics and his conception of human life do not come across as not strongly stoic when they are patiently (...)
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  48.  8
    Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine.Dragan Pavlovic, Christian Lehmann & Michael Wendt - 2009 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 4:6.
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  49.  11
    Le Nom-du-Père : psychanalyse et démocratie.Éric Laurent - 2003 - Cités 16 (4):55.
    Comment lier ensemble, par une conjonction, la psychanalyse et cette forme dominante de la politique moderne qu’est la démocratie ? Il fut un temps où la démocratie coexistait avec d’autres formes non démocratiques de la politique. Depuis la chute du mur de Berlin en 1989, il n’y a plus d’alternative crédible. Cela ne veut pas dire que la Chine et quelques autres ne fassent pas..
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  50. L'animalite de l'homme selon Platon.Jérôme Laurent - 2013 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 11 (11):79-90.
    L’homme est un animal extraordinaire selon Platon, mais il est bien un animal. Il faut donc maîtriser et domestiquer l’animalité de l’homme. Le cas de l’alimentation montre l’importance des pulsions animales en l’homme. L’animal n’est pas l’autre de l’homme, mais l’une de ses possibilités.
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