Results for 'Lauri Keskinen'

130 found
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  1.  29
    Characterizing All Models in Infinite Cardinalities.Lauri Keskinen - 2013 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 164 (3):230-250.
    Fix a cardinal κ. We can ask the question: what kind of a logic L is needed to characterize all models of cardinality κ up to isomorphism by their L-theories? In other words: for which logics L it is true that if any models A and B of cardinality κ satisfy the same L-theory then they are isomorphic?It is always possible to characterize models of cardinality κ by their Lκ+,κ+-theories, but we are interested in finding a “small” logic L, i.e., (...)
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  2.  52
    Kinds of Tropes Without Kinds.Markku Keinänen, Jani Hakkarainen & Antti Keskinen - 2018 - Dialectica 72 (4):571-596.
    In this article, we propose a new trope nominalist conception of determinate and determinable kinds of quantitative tropes. The conception is developed as follows. First, we formulate a new account of tropes falling under the same determinates and determinables in terms of internal relations of proportion and order. Our account is a considerable improvement on the current standard account (Campbell 1990; Maurin 2002; Simons 2003) because it does not rely on primitive internal relations of exact similarity or quantitative distance. The (...)
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  3. Quantity Tropes and Internal Relations.Markku Keinänen, Antti Keskinen & Jani Hakkarainen - 2019 - Erkenntnis 84 (3):519-534.
    In this article, we present a new conception of internal relations between quantity tropes falling under determinates and determinables. We begin by providing a novel characterization of the necessary relations between these tropes as basic internal relations. The core ideas here are that the existence of the relata is sufficient for their being internally related, and that their being related does not require the existence of any specific entities distinct from the relata. We argue that quantity tropes are, as determinate (...)
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  4. Why Realists Need Tropes.Markku Keinänen, Jani Hakkarainen & Antti Keskinen - 2016 - Metaphysica 17 (1):69-85.
    We argue that if one wishes to be a realist, one should adopt a Neo-Aristotelian ontology involving tropes instead of a Russellian ontology of property universals and objects. Either Russellian realists should adopt the relata-specific relational tropes of instantiation instead of facts, or convert to Neo-Aristotelian realism with monadic tropes. Regarding Neo-Aristotelian realism, we have two novel points why it fares better than Russellian realism. Instantiation of property universals by tropes and characterization or inherence between tropes and objects are more (...)
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  5.  81
    Taxonomy of Relations: Internal and External.Jani Hakkarainen, Markku Keinänen & Antti Keskinen - 2018 - In Daniele Bertini & Damiano Migliorini (eds.), Relations. Ontology and Philosophy of Religion. Verona. Italy: Mimesis International. pp. 93-121.
    In this paper, we discern different types of possible relations. We focus on the distinction between internal and external relations and their various possible sub-types. In the first section, we present what is nowadays more or less the standard distinction between internal and external relations. In the second section, we make two contributions to the literature of internal relations: a new taxonomy of internal relations and a novel distinction between formal and material ontological relations. In the third section, we discuss (...)
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  6. Concrete Universals and Spatial Relations.Antti Keskinen, Jani Hakkarainen & Markku Keinänen - 2015 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 11 (1):57-71.
    According to strong immanent realism, proposed for instance by David M. Armstrong, universals are concrete, located in their instances. E.J. Lowe and Douglas Ehring have presented arguments to the effect that strong immanent realism is incoherent. Cody Gilmore has defended strong immanent realism against the charge of incoherence. Gilmore’s argument has thus far remained unanswered. We argue that Gilmore’s response to the charge of incoherence is an ad hoc move without support independent of strong immanent realism itself. We conclude that (...)
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  7. Quine on Objects: Realism or Anti-Realism?Antti Keskinen - 2012 - Theoria 78 (2):128-145.
    W. V. Quine describes himself as a “robust realist” about physical objects in the external world. This realism about objects is due to Quine's naturalism. On the other hand, Quine's naturalistic epistemology involves a conception of objects as posits that we introduce in our theories about the world. This conception of objects can be seen as anti-realist rather than realist. In this article, I discuss the questions whether there is a tension between Quine's realism and his epistemological conception of objects, (...)
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  8.  11
    Ethical Reasoning Concerning the Feeding of Severely Demented Patients: An International Perspective.A. Norberg, M. Hirschfeld, B. Davidson, A. Davis, S. Lauri, J. Y. Lin, L. Phillips, E. Pittman, R. Vander Laan & L. Ziv - 1994 - Nursing Ethics 1 (1):3-13.
    Structured interviews were held with 149 registered nurses in seven countries in America, Asia, Australia and Europe concerning the feeding of severely demented patients who do not accept food. The most common reasons for nurses being willing to change their decision to feed or not to feed were an order from the medical head, a request from the patient's husband and/or the staff meeting. There was a connection between the willingness to feed and the ranking of ethical principles. Nurses who (...)
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  9.  10
    Did the Notochord Evolve From an Ancient Axial Muscle? The Axochord Hypothesis.Thibaut Brunet, Antonella Lauri & Detlev Arendt - 2015 - Bioessays 37 (8):836-850.
  10.  7
    Ethical Dilemmas in the Care of Patients with Incurable Cancer.M. Kuuppelomaki & S. Lauri - 1998 - Nursing Ethics 5 (4):283-293.
    This article aims to identify and describe the ethical dilemmas that are involved in the care of patients with incurable cancer. The data were collected in semistructured focused interviews with 32 patients, 13 nurses and 13 doctors from two central hospitals and four community health centres. The interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Interpretation was based on the method of content analysis. Ethical dilemmas occurred at the time of diagnosis, in connection with telling the truth, in providing information, in the (...)
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  11.  59
    Utopias in the Islamic Middle Ages: Ibn Ṭufayl and Ibn Al-Nafīs.Marco Lauri - 2013 - Utopian Studies 24 (1):23-40.
    The purpose of this essay is to examine two important treatises of the Islamic classical age in the light of utopian discourse. The works considered are the “philosophical novels” Risālat Ḥayy ibn Yaqẓān f ī asrār al-ḥikmat al-mašriqiyya (Treatise of the Alive, son of the Awake, on the secrets of oriental wisdom) by Ibn Ṭufayl (d. 1185) and Risālat Kāmiliyya f ī al-Sīra al-Nabawiyya (Treatise of Kāmil on the Life of the Prophet) by Ibn al-Naf īs (d. 1288). Together with (...)
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  12.  53
    Quine on Objects and De Re Modality.Antti Keskinen - 2012 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 8 (2):4-17.
  13.  21
    Ethical Dilemmas in the Care of Patients with Incurable Cancer.M. Kuuppelomäki & S. Lauri - 1998 - Nursing Ethics 5 (4):294-306.
    This article aims to identify and describe the ethical dilemmas that are involved in the care of patients with incurable cancer. The data were collected in semistructured focused interviews with 32 patients, 13 nurses and 13 doctors from two central hospitals and four community health centres. The interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Interpretation was based on the method of content analysis. Ethical dilemmas occurred at the time of diagnosis, in connection with telling the truth, in providing information, in the (...)
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  14.  12
    Ethical Dilemmas in the Care of Patients with Incurable Cancer Merja Kuuppelomäki Address for Correspondence: Merja Kuuppelomäki, Principal Lecturer, Seinäjoki Polytechnic, Institute of Health Care, Koskenalantie..M. Kuuppelomaki & S. Lauri - 1998 - Nursing Ethics 5 (4):294-306.
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  15.  42
    Cancer Patients’ Views and Experiences of Participation in Care and Decision Making.Carita Sainio, Sirkka Lauri & Elina Eriksson - 2001 - Nursing Ethics 8 (2):97-113.
    The purpose of this study was to explore the views and experiences of adult cancer patients about patient participation in care and decision making and the preconditions for this participation. The data were collected by means of focused interviews; in addition the patients completed depression and problem-solving instruments. The sample comprised 34 cancer patients from the haematological and oncological wards of one university hospital in Finland. The results revealed considerable variation in the patients’ views on their participation in care and (...)
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  16.  11
    Rec. Av Håkon Witt Andersen Et Al., Aemula Lauri: The Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters, 1760–2010.Christer Nordlund - 2012 - Annals of Science 69 (4):589-590.
    Rec. av Håkon Witt Andersen et al., Aemula Lauri: The Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters, 1760–2010.
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  17.  36
    Lauri Karttunen and Stanley Peters. Conventional Implicature. Syntax and Semantics, Volume 11, Presupposition, Edited by Choon-Kyu Oh and David A. Dinneen, Academic Press, New York, San Francisco, and London, 1979, Pp. 1–56. - Gerald Gazdar. A Solution to the Projection Problem. Syntax and Semantics, Volume 11, Presupposition, Edited by Choon-Kyu Oh and David A. Dinneen, Academic Press, New York, San Francisco, and London, 1979, Pp. 57–89. - Janet Dean Fodor. In Defense of the Truth Value Gap. Syntax and Semantics, Volume 11, Presupposition, Edited by Choon-Kyu Oh and David A. Dinneen, Academic Press, New York, San Francisco, and London, 1979, Pp. 199–224. - Ruth M. Kempson. Presupposition, Opacity, and Ambiguity. Syntax and Semantics, Volume 11, Presupposition, Edited by Choon-Kyu Oh and David A. Dinneen, Academic Press, New York, San Francisco, and London, 1979, Pp. 283–297. - S. K. Thomason. Truth-Value Gaps, Many Truth Values, and Possible Worlds. Syntax and Semantics, Volume 11, P. [REVIEW]Tyler Burge - 1981 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 46 (2):412-415.
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  18.  13
    Lauri Hella, Phokion G. Kolaitis, and Kerkko Luosto. How to Define a Linear Order on Finite Models. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic, Vol. 87 , Pp. 241–267. [REVIEW]M. Otto - 2000 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 6 (3):355-356.
  19. Book Review: Foucault and the Politics of Hearing by Lauri SiisiäinenFoucault and the Politics of Hearing, by SiisiäinenLauri. New York, NY: Routledge Press, 2013. [REVIEW]Davide Panagia - 2013 - Political Theory 41 (6):859-862.
  20.  7
    Russia and the European Court of Human Rights: The Strasbourg Effect by Lauri Mälksoo and Wolfgang Benedek, Eds.Elena A. Khabarova & Galina A. Nelaeva - 2019 - Human Rights Review 20 (1):131-133.
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  21.  6
    Lauri Siisiainen, Foucault and the Politics of Hearing. [REVIEW]Perry Zurn - 2014 - Foucault Studies 18:293.
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  22.  9
    Lauri Routila: Die A ristotelische Idee der Ersten Philosophie. Untersuchungen zur onto-theologischen Verfassung der Metaphysik des Aristoteles.Eckard König - 1971 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 53 (3).
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  23.  6
    Håkon With Andersen;, Brita Brenna;, Magne Njåstad;, Astrid Wale. Æmula Lauri: The Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters, 1760–2010. Xvi + 440 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Sagamore Beach, Mass.: Science History Publications, 2009. $89.95. [REVIEW]Karl Grandin - 2011 - Isis 102 (1):140-141.
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  24.  4
    Æemula Lauri: The Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters, 1760–2010.Christer Nordlund - 2012 - Annals of Science 69 (4):589-590.
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  25. Lauri Karttunen/Definite Descriptions with Crossing Corefe-Rence. A Study of the Bach-Peters Paradox 157 S.-Y. Kuroda/Two Remarks on Pronominalization 183 Earl R. Maccormac/Ostensive Instances in Language Learning 199 Leonharu LiPKA/Grammatical Categories, Lexical Items And. [REVIEW]Interpretative Semantics Meets Frankenstein - 1971 - Foundations of Language 7:302.
  26.  5
    The Role of Theory in Folkloristics and Comparative Religion.Matti Kamppinen - 2014 - Approaching Religion 4 (1):3-12.
    Lauri Honko, the Finnish professor of folkloristics and comparative religion was a prolific and multi-talented researcher, whose topics of research ranged from the study of folk beliefs, folk medicine and Ingrian laments to the general theories of culture, identity and meaning. Honko studied Finno-Ugric mythologies, Karelian and Tanzanian folk healing, and South Indian oral traditions. Lauri Honko was known for his originality and theoretical innovations: he constructed multiple approaches to the study of culture that are still relevant in (...)
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  27. Syntax and Semantics of Questions.Lauri Karttunen - 1977 - Linguistics and Philosophy 1 (1):3--44.
    W. Labov's & T. Labov's findings concerning their child grammar acquisition ("Learning the Syntax of Questions" in Recent Advances in the Psychology of Language, Campbell, R. & Smith, P. Eds, New York: Plenum Press, 1978) are interpreted in terms of different semantics of why & other wh-questions. Z. Dubiel.
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  28.  17
    Detection of Emotional Faces: Salient Physical Features Guide Effective Visual Search.Manuel G. Calvo & Lauri Nummenmaa - 2008 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 137 (3):471-494.
  29.  8
    Perceptual and Affective Mechanisms in Facial Expression Recognition: An Integrative Review.Manuel G. Calvo & Lauri Nummenmaa - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (6).
  30.  82
    Neural Mechanisms of Social Attention.Lauri Nummenmaa & Andrew J. Calder - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (3):135-143.
  31.  8
    Affective Processing Requires Awareness.Mikko Lähteenmäki, Jukka Hyönä, Mika Koivisto & Lauri Nummenmaa - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (2):339-365.
  32. Discourse Referents.Lauri Karttunen - 1976 - In J. D. McCawley (ed.), Syntax and Semantics Vol. 7. Academic Press. pp. 363--386.
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  33.  9
    Auditory Profiles of Classical, Jazz, and Rock Musicians: Genre-Specific Sensitivity to Musical Sound Features.Mari Tervaniemi, Lauri Janhunen, Stefanie Kruck, Vesa Putkinen & Minna Huotilainen - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  34.  17
    ”Anti-Theodicy” and Antitheodicies.Lauri Snellman - 2019 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 11 (1):201-211.
    The article reviews different antitheodicies in response to Toby Betenson’s article “Anti-Theodicy”. Antitheodicies involve rejecting the position that God or meaning exist only, if evils have justifying morally sufficient reasons. The article builds on Betenson’s division into moral and conceptual antitheodicies and his characterization of antitheodicies as a metacritique of the problem of evil. Moral antitheodicies are problematic, as they do not address the key conceptual issues and might end up in question-begging or moralism. Dissolving the problem of evil requires (...)
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  35.  4
    Semantic Categorization Precedes Affective Evaluation of Visual Scenes.Lauri Nummenmaa, Jukka Hyönä & Manuel G. Calvo - 2010 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 139 (2):222-246.
  36.  5
    The Expressive Power of Modal Dependence Logic.Lauri Hella, Kerkko Luosto, Katsuhiko Sano & Jonni Virtema - 2014 - In Rajeev Goré, Barteld Kooi & Agi Kurucz (eds.), Advances in Modal Logic, Volume 10. CSLI Publications. pp. 294-312.
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  37.  25
    Synchrony of Brains and Bodies During Implicit Interpersonal Interaction.Riitta Hari, Tommi Himberg, Lauri Nummenmaa, Matti Hämäläinen & Lauri Parkkonen - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (3):105-106.
  38. Almost Everywhere Equivalence of Logics in Finite Model Theory.Lauri Hella, Phokion G. Kolaitis & Kerkko Luosto - 1996 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 2 (4):422-443.
    We introduce a new framework for classifying logics on finite structures and studying their expressive power. This framework is based on the concept of almost everywhere equivalence of logics, that is to say, two logics having the same expressive power on a class of asymptotic measure 1. More precisely, if L, L ′ are two logics and μ is an asymptotic measure on finite structures, then $\scr{L}\equiv _{\text{a.e.}}\scr{L}^{\prime}(\mu)$ means that there is a class C of finite structures with μ (C)=1 (...)
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  39.  29
    Patient Restrictions: Are There Ethical Alternatives to Seclusion and Restraint?Raija Kontio, Maritta Välimäki, Hanna Putkonen, Lauri Kuosmanen, Anne Scott & Grigori Joffe - 2010 - Nursing Ethics 17 (1):65-76.
    The use of patient restrictions (e.g. involuntary admission, seclusion, restraint) is a complex ethical dilemma in psychiatric care. The present study explored nurses’ (n = 22) and physicians’ (n = 5) perceptions of what actually happens when an aggressive behaviour episode occurs on the ward and what alternatives to seclusion and restraint are actually in use as normal standard practice in acute psychiatric care. The data were collected by focus group interviews and analysed by inductive content analysis. The participants believed (...)
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  40.  17
    Dreams Are More Negative Than Real Life: Implications for the Function of Dreaming.Katja Valli, Thea Strandholm, Lauri Sillanmäki & Antti Revonsuo - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (5):833-861.
  41.  10
    Perceptual, Categorical, and Affective Processing of Ambiguous Smiling Facial Expressions.Manuel G. Calvo, Andrés Fernández-Martín & Lauri Nummenmaa - 2012 - Cognition 125 (3):373-393.
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  42. The Hierarchy Theorem for Generalized Quantifiers.Lauri Hella, Kerkko Luosto & Jouko Väänänen - 1996 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (3):802-817.
    The concept of a generalized quantifier of a given similarity type was defined in [12]. Our main result says that on finite structures different similarity types give rise to different classes of generalized quantifiers. More exactly, for every similarity type t there is a generalized quantifier of type t which is not definable in the extension of first order logic by all generalized quantifiers of type smaller than t. This was proved for unary similarity types by Per Lindström [17] with (...)
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  43.  5
    Processing of Unattended Emotional Visual Scenes.Manuel G. Calvo & Lauri Nummenmaa - 2007 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 136 (3):347-369.
  44. On Peirce's Late Proof of Pragmaticism.A. Pietarinen & Lauri Snellman - 2006 - Acta Philosophica Fennica 78:275.
     
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  45.  4
    Position Tracking and Identity Tracking Are Separate Systems: Evidence From Eye Movements.Lauri Oksama & Jukka Hyönä - 2016 - Cognition 146:393-409.
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  46.  20
    Vaativa esitys metafysiikasta. [REVIEW]Markku Keinänen & Anssi Lauri Taneli Korhonen - 2001 - Ajatus 58:273-287.
    A book review on Riku Juti's book "Johdatus Metafysiikkaan" (An Introduction to Metaphysics).
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  47. Notions of Locality and Their Logical Characterizations Over Finite Models.Lauri Hella, Leonid Libkin & Juha Nurmonen - 1999 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (4):1751-1773.
    Many known tools for proving expressibility bounds for first-order logic are based on one of several locality properties. In this paper we characterize the relationship between those notions of locality. We note that Gaifman's locality theorem gives rise to two notions: one deals with sentences and one with open formulae. We prove that the former implies Hanf's notion of locality, which in turn implies Gaifman's locality for open formulae. Each of these implies the bounded degree property, which is one of (...)
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  48.  4
    Deprivation of Liberty in Psychiatric Hospital Care: The Patient's Perspective.Lauri Kuosmanen, Heli Hätönen, Heikki Malkavaara, Jari Kylmä & Maritta Välimäki - 2007 - Nursing Ethics 14 (5):597-607.
    Deprivation of liberty in psychiatric hospitals is common world-wide. The aim of this study was to find out whether patients had experienced deprivation of their liberty during psychiatric hospitalization and to explore their views about it. Patients (n = 51) in two acute psychiatric inpatient wards were interviewed in 2001. They were asked to describe in their own words their experiences of being deprived of their liberty. The data were analysed by inductive content analysis. The types of deprivation of liberty (...)
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  49.  54
    Definability of Polyadic Lifts of Generalized Quantifiers.Lauri Hella, Jouko Väänänen & Dag Westerståhl - 1997 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 6 (3):305-335.
    We study generalized quantifiers on finite structures.With every function : we associate a quantifier Q by letting Q x say there are at least (n) elementsx satisfying , where n is the sizeof the universe. This is the general form ofwhat is known as a monotone quantifier of type .We study so called polyadic liftsof such quantifiers. The particular lifts we considerare Ramseyfication, branching and resumption.In each case we get exact criteria fordefinability of the lift in terms of simpler quantifiers.
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  50. Kuinka pragmatisismi todistetaan.Ahti-Veikko Pietarinen & Lauri Snellman - 2006 - Ajatus 63:119.
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