Results for 'Laurie Letvak'

780 found
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  1. MRCT Center Post-Trial Responsibilities Framework Continued Access to Investigational Medicines. Guidance Document. Version 1.0, December 2016.Carmen Aldinger, Barbara Bierer, Rebecca Li, Luann Van Campen, Mark Barnes, Eileen Bedell, Amanda Brown-Inz, Robin Gibbs, Deborah Henderson, Christopher Kabacinski, Laurie Letvak, Susan Manoff, Ignacio Mastroleo, Ellie Okada, Usharani Pingali, Wasana Prasitsuebsai, Hans Spiegel, Daniel Wang, Susan Briggs Watson & Marc Wilenzik - 2016 - The Multi-Regional Clinical Trials Center of the Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard (MRCT Center).
    I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The MRCT Center Post-trial Responsibilities: Continued Access to an Investigational Medicine Framework outlines a case-based, principled, stakeholder approach to evaluate and guide ethical responsibilities to provide continued access to an investigational medicine at the conclusion of a patient’s participation in a clinical trial. The Post-trial Responsibilities (PTR) Framework includes this Guidance Document as well as the accompanying Toolkit. A 41-member international multi-stakeholder Workgroup convened by the Multi-Regional Clinical Trials Center of Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard University (...)
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  2.  7
    Nancy Tuana Laurie Shrage.Laurie Shrage - 2003 - In LaFollette H. (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Practical Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 15.
  3. Logical Parts.Laurie A. Paul - 2002 - Noûs 36 (4):578–596.
    I argue for a property mereology and for mereological bundle theory. I then apply this theory to the one over many problem (universals) and puzzles concerning persistence and material constitution.
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  4.  30
    Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism.Laurie J. Sears & Benedict Anderson - 1994 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 114 (1):129.
  5.  57
    Genetic Privacy: A Challenge to Medico-Legal Norms.Graeme Laurie - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    The phenomenon of the New Genetics raises complex social problems, particularly those of privacy. This book offers ethical and legal perspectives on the questions of a right to know and not to know genetic information from the standpoint of individuals, their relatives, employers, insurers and the state. Graeme Laurie provides a unique definition of privacy, including a concept of property rights in the person, and argues for stronger legal protection of privacy in the shadow of developments in human genetics. (...)
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  6. Syntax and Semantics of Questions.Lauri Karttunen - 1977 - Linguistics and Philosophy 1 (1):3--44.
    W. Labov's & T. Labov's findings concerning their child grammar acquisition ("Learning the Syntax of Questions" in Recent Advances in the Psychology of Language, Campbell, R. & Smith, P. Eds, New York: Plenum Press, 1978) are interpreted in terms of different semantics of why & other wh-questions. Z. Dubiel.
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  7. Neural Mechanisms of Social Attention.Lauri Nummenmaa & Andrew J. Calder - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (3):135-143.
  8. Moral Dilemmas of Feminism: Prostitution, Adultery, and Abortion.Laurie Shrage - 1994 - Routledge.
  9. Indices of Theory Promise.Laurie Anne Whitt - 1992 - Philosophy of Science 59 (4):612-634.
    Figuring prominently in their decisions regarding which theories to pursue are scientists' appeals to the promise or lack of promise of those theories. Yet philosophy of science has had little to say about how one is to assess theory promise. This essay identifies several indices that might be consulted to determine whether or not a theory is promising and worthy of pursuit. Various historical examples of appeals to such indices are introduced.
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  10.  23
    Discerning the Subject.Laurie Edson & Paul Smith - 1989 - Substance 18 (3):131.
  11.  52
    Making Sense of the Research on Gender and Ethics in Business.Laurie Babin - 1997 - Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (4):61-90.
    This article represents an attempt to organize, critique, and extend research findings on gender differences in business ethics. The focus is on two dependent variables—ethical judgment and behavioral intent. Differences in findings between student and professional groups are noted and theoretical implications are discussed. The new research provided for this article contains two benchmark studies undertaken with identical stimuli and identical measures. These studies were followed by two additional studies, using the same measures but different stimuli, as a partial replication (...)
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  12.  18
    The Sentence Wrap-Up Dogma.Laurie A. Stowe, Edith Kaan, Laura Sabourin & Ryan C. Taylor - 2018 - Cognition 176:232-247.
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  13.  24
    Theory Pursuit: Between Discovery and Acceptance.Laurie Anne Whitt - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:467 - 483.
    Drawing on diverse historical cases, this paper describes and examines various aspects of a modality of scientific appraisal which has remained largely unexplored, theory pursuit. Specifically, it addresses the following issues: the epistemic and pragmatic commitments involved in theory pursuit, including how these differ from those characteristic of theory acceptance; how the research interests of scientists enter into their pursuit decisions; some of the strategies for the refinement and extension of a theory's empirical abilities which typify theory pursuit; and the (...)
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  14.  15
    Must Analysis of Meaning Follow Analysis of Form? A Time Course Analysis.Laurie B. Feldman, Petar Milin, Kit W. Cho, Fermín Moscoso del Prado Martín & Patrick A. O’Connor - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  15. Counterfactual Theories.Laurie Ann Paul - 2009 - In Helen Beebee, Peter Menzies & Christopher Hitchcock (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Causation. Oxford University Press.
     
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  16.  49
    Phenomenology and the Social World: The Philosophy of Merleau-Ponty and its Relation to the Social Sciences.Laurie Spurling - 1977 - Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    The term ‘phenomenology’ has become almost as over-used and emptied of meaning as that other word from Continental Philosophy, namely ‘existentialism’. Yet Husserl, who first put forward the phenomenological method, considered it a rigorous alternative to positivism, and in the hands of Merleau-Ponty, a disciple of Husserl in France, phenomenology became a way of gaining a disciplined and coherent perspective on the world in which we live. When this study originally published in 1977 there were only a few books in (...)
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  17. Practicing Medicine and Ethics: Integrating Wisdom, Conscience, and Goals of Care.Lauris Christopher Kaldjian - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    To practice medicine and ethics, physicians need wisdom and integrity to integrate scientific knowledge, patient preferences, their own moral commitments, and society's expectations. This work of integration requires a physician to pursue certain goals of care, determine moral priorities, and understand that conscience or integrity require harmony among a person's beliefs, values, reasoning, actions, and identity. But the moral and religious pluralism of contemporary society makes this integration challenging and uncertain. How physicians treat patients will depend on the particular beliefs (...)
     
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  18.  7
    Semantic Categorization Precedes Affective Evaluation of Visual Scenes.Lauri Nummenmaa, Jukka Hyönä & Manuel G. Calvo - 2010 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 139 (2):222-246.
  19.  24
    To Avenge or Not to Avenge? Exploring the Interactive Effects of Moral Identity and the Negative Reciprocity Norm.Laurie J. Barclay, David B. Whiteside & Karl Aquino - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 121 (1):15-28.
    Across three studies, the authors examine the interactive effects of moral identity and the negative reciprocity norm in predicting revenge. The general argument is that moral identity provides the motivational impetus for individuals’ responses, whereas the normative framework that people adopt as a basis for guiding moral action influences the direction of the response. Results indicated that moral identity and the negative reciprocity norm significantly interacted to predict revenge. More specifically, the symbolization dimension of moral identity interacted with the negative (...)
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  20.  7
    The Narratable Self: Adriana Cavarero with Sojourner Truth.Laurie E. Naranch - 2019 - Hypatia 34 (3):424-440.
    This essay engages the work of Italian feminist philosopher Adriana Cavarero and her concept of the narratable self. Her relational humanism, rooted in our exposure to others, offers an ontology of uniqueness whose critique of abstraction, masculinism, and identity politics still resonates today where the meaning of a unique “you” is negotiated in embodied exchanges that may offer care or wounds. Cavarero develops an altruistic ethics that cultivates this humanism. I argue that her work should be extended to better capture (...)
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  21.  24
    Object Individuation Using Property/Kind Information in Rhesus Macaques.Laurie R. Santos, Gregory M. Sulkowski, Geertrui M. Spaepen & Marc D. Hauser - 2002 - Cognition 83 (3):241-264.
  22.  32
    Evidence-Based Neuroethics, Deep Brain Stimulation and Personality - Deflating, but Not Bursting, the Bubble.Jonathan Pugh, Laurie Pycroft, Hannah Maslen, Tipu Aziz & Julian Savulescu - forthcoming - Neuroethics.
    Gilbert et al. have raised important questions about the empirical grounding of neuroethical analyses of the apparent phenomenon of Deep Brain Stimulation ‘causing’ personality changes. In this paper, we consider how to make neuroethical claims appropriately calibrated to existing evidence, and the role that philosophical neuroethics has to play in this enterprise of ‘evidence-based neuroethics’. In the first half of the paper, we begin by highlighting the challenges we face in investigating changes to PIAAAS following DBS, explaining how different trial (...)
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  23.  58
    Through Students' Eyes: Ethical and Professional Issues Identified by Third-Year Medical Students During Clerkships: Table 1.Lauris C. Kaldjian, Marcy E. Rosenbaum, Laura A. Shinkunas, Jerold C. Woodhead, Lisa M. Antes, Jane A. Rowat & Valerie L. Forman-Hoffman - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (2):130-132.
    Backround Education in ethics and professionalism should reflect the realities medical students encounter in the hospital and clinic. Method We performed content analyses on Case Observation and Assessments (COAs) written by third-year medical students about ethical and professional issues encountered during their internal medicine and paediatrics clinical clerkships. Results A cohort of 141 third-year medical students wrote 272 COAs. Content analyses identified 35 subcategories of ethical and professional issues within 7 major domains: decisions regarding treatment (31.4%), communication (21.4%), professional duties (...)
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  24.  9
    Emoticons in Text May Function Like Gestures in Spoken or Signed Communication.Laurie Beth Feldman, Cecilia R. Aragon, Nan-Chen Chen & Judith F. Kroll - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  25.  32
    Recognizing the Right Not to Know: Conceptual, Professional, and Legal Implications.Graeme Laurie - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (1):53-63.
    This article argues for the importance of conceptual clarity in the debate about the so-called right not to know. This is vital both at the theoretical and the practical level. It is suggested that, unlike many formulations and attempts to give effect to this right, what is at stake is not merely an aspect of personal autonomy and therefore cannot and should not be reduced only to a question of individual choice. Rather, it is argued that the core interests that (...)
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  26.  7
    Cross-Sectoral Big Data: The Application of an Ethics Framework for Big Data in Health and Research.Graeme T. Laurie - 2019 - Asian Bioethics Review 11 (3):327-339.
    Discussion of uses of biomedical data often proceeds on the assumption that the data are generated and shared solely or largely within the health sector. However, this assumption must be challenged because increasingly large amounts of health and well-being data are being gathered and deployed in cross-sectoral contexts such as social media and through the internet of things and wearable devices. Cross-sectoral sharing of data thus refers to the generation, use and linkage of biomedical data beyond the health sector. This (...)
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  27.  21
    What Cognitive Representations Support Primate Theory of Mind?Alia Martin & Laurie R. Santos - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (5):375-382.
  28. Almost Everywhere Equivalence of Logics in Finite Model Theory.Lauri Hella, Phokion G. Kolaitis & Kerkko Luosto - 1996 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 2 (4):422-443.
    We introduce a new framework for classifying logics on finite structures and studying their expressive power. This framework is based on the concept of almost everywhere equivalence of logics, that is to say, two logics having the same expressive power on a class of asymptotic measure 1. More precisely, if L, L ′ are two logics and μ is an asymptotic measure on finite structures, then $\scr{L}\equiv _{\text{a.e.}}\scr{L}^{\prime}(\mu)$ means that there is a class C of finite structures with μ (C)=1 (...)
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  29.  6
    Charting Regulatory Stewardship in Health Research: Making the Invisible Visible.Graeme T. Laurie, Edward S. Dove, Agomoni Ganguli-Mitra, Isabel Fletcher, Catriona Mcmillan, Nayha Sethi & Annie Sorbie - 2018 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 27 (2):333-347.
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  30.  1
    Feminist Theory, Women's Writing.Laurie Finke - 1992 - Cornell University Press.
    In this rewarding book, Laurie A. Finke challenges assumptions about gender, the self, and the text which underlie fundamental constructs of contemporary feminist theory. She maintains that some of the key concepts structuring feminist literary criticism need to be reexamined within both their historical context and the larger framework of current theory concerning language, representation, subjectivity, and value.
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  31.  18
    Recognizing the Right Not to Know: Conceptual, Professional, and Legal Implications.Graeme Laurie - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (1):53-63.
    The right not to know is a contested matter. This can be because the inversion of the normal framing of entitlement to information about one's own health is thought to be illogical and inconsistent with self-authorship and/or because the very idea of claiming a right not to know information is an inappropriate appeal to the discourse of rights that places impossible responsibilities on others. Notwithstanding, there has been a sustained increase in this kind of appeal in recent years fueled in (...)
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  32.  24
    Stem Cell Research: A Target Article Collection Part I - Jordan's Banks, A View From the First Years of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research.Laurie Zoloth - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics 2 (1):3-11.
    This essay will address the ethical issues that have emerged in the first considerations of the newly emerging stem cell technology. Many of us in the field of bioethics were deliberating related issues as we first learned of the new science and confronted the ethical issues it raised. In this essay, I will draw on the work of colleagues who were asked to reflect on early stages of the research as the field debated the issues of consent, moral status, use (...)
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  33.  19
    The Grounding of Modern Feminism.Laurie Shrage - 1987
  34.  51
    An Examination of Differences in Ethical Decision-Making Between Canadian Business Students and Accounting Professionals.Jeffrey R. Cohen, Laurie W. Pant & David J. Sharp - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 30 (4):319 - 336.
    This study investigates the differences in individuals'' ethical decision making between Canadian university business students and accounting professionals. We examine the differences in three measures known to be important in the ethical decision-making process: ethical awareness, ethical orientation, and intention to perform questionable acts. We tested for differences in these three measures in eight different questionable actions among three groups: students starting business studies, those in their final year of university, and professional accountants.The measures of awareness capture the extent to (...)
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  35.  8
    The Expressive Power of Modal Dependence Logic.Lauri Hella, Kerkko Luosto, Katsuhiko Sano & Jonni Virtema - 2014 - In Rajeev Goré, Barteld Kooi & Agi Kurucz (eds.), Advances in Modal Logic, Volume 10. CSLI Publications. pp. 294-312.
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  36.  4
    Whether to Waive Parental Permission in HIV Prevention Research Among Adolescents: Ethical and Legal Considerations.Laurie J. Bauman, Claude Ann Mellins & Robert Klitzman - 2020 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 48 (1):188-201.
    Critical ethical questions arise concerning whether studies among adolescents of new behavioral and biomedical HIV preventive interventions such as Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis should obtain parental permission. This paper examines the relevant regulations and ethical guidance concerning waivers of parental permission, and arguments for and against such waivers. Opponents of such waivers may argue that adolescent decision-making is “too immature” and that parents always have rights to decide how to protect their children. Yet requiring parental permission may put adolescents at risk, and/or (...)
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  37.  24
    Angry Facial Expressions Bias Gender Categorization in Children and Adults: Behavioral and Computational Evidence.Laurie Bayet, Olivier Pascalis, Paul C. Quinn, Kang Lee, ÉDouard Gentaz & James W. Tanaka - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  38. You’Ve Changed: Sex Reassignment and Personal Identity.Laurie J. Shrage (ed.) - 2009 - Oup Usa.
    Is sex identity a feature of one's mind or body, and is it a relational or intrinsic property? Who is in the best position to know a person's sex, do we each have a true sex, and is a person's sex an alterable characteristic? When a person's sex assignment changes, has the old self disappeared and a new one emerged; or, has only the public presentation of one's self changed? "You've Changed" examines the philosophical questions raised by the phenomenon of (...)
     
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  39. Should Feminists Oppose Prostitution.Laurie Shrage - 1989 - Ethics 99 (2):347-361.
  40.  17
    Domain-Specific Knowledge in Human Children and Non-Human Primates: Artifacts and Foods.Laurie R. Santos, Marc D. Hauser & Elizabeth S. Spelke - 2002 - In Marc Bekoff, Colin Allen & Gordon M. Burghardt (eds.), The Cognitive Animal: Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives on Animal Cognition. MIT Press. pp. 205--216.
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  41.  94
    Implicit Memory: Intention and Awareness Revisited.Laurie T. Butler & Dianne C. Berry - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (5):192-197.
  42.  33
    Abortion and Social Responsibility: Depolarizing the Debate.Laurie Shrage - 2003 - Oup Usa.
    Laurie Shrage attributes much of the long-standing controversy about abortion to Roe v. Wade and to the Supreme Court's controversial regulatory scheme in that 1973 decision. Shrage explores the origins of that scheme but argues for an alternate scheme - therapeutic abortions shorter than six months can protect women's interests and advance important public interests, but that reproductive rights campaigns should also focus on the social and economic conditions that prevent women having access to the abortion services they need. (...)
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  43.  5
    The Unfinished Sexual Revolution.Laurie Taylor - 1971 - Journal of Biosocial Science 3 (4):473-492.
  44. The Hierarchy Theorem for Generalized Quantifiers.Lauri Hella, Kerkko Luosto & Jouko Väänänen - 1996 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 61 (3):802-817.
    The concept of a generalized quantifier of a given similarity type was defined in [12]. Our main result says that on finite structures different similarity types give rise to different classes of generalized quantifiers. More exactly, for every similarity type t there is a generalized quantifier of type t which is not definable in the extension of first order logic by all generalized quantifiers of type smaller than t. This was proved for unary similarity types by Per Lindström [17] with (...)
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  45. Philosophizing About Sex.Laurie J. Shrage & Robert Scott Stewart - 2015 - Broadview Press.
    Ancient Greek philosophers, medieval theologians, Enlightenment thinkers, and contemporary humanists alike have debated all aspects of human sexuality, including its purpose, permissibility, normalcy, and risks. _Philosophizing About Sex_ provides a philosophical guide to those longstanding and important debates. Each chapter takes a general issue and shows how ongoing public discussions of sexuality can be illuminated by careful philosophical investigation. Debates over topics such as sexual assault, sexual orientation, sex education, prostitution, and “sexting” involve larger questions about morality, law, science, and (...)
     
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  46.  23
    Value-Bifurcation in Bioscience: The Rhetoric of Research Justification.Laurie Anne Whitt - 1999 - Perspectives on Science 7 (4):413-446.
  47.  11
    Purpose and Providence: An Outline for Christian Practical Wisdom in Health Care.Lauris Christopher Kaldjian - 2019 - Christian Bioethics 25 (2):169-191.
    Decision-making in health care is often challenging and therefore requires practical wisdom. The domains of such wisdom involve goals, perception, ethics, deliberation, and motivation. For Christian patients, there is a need for practical wisdom founded on Christian commitments that shape and guide these domains according to a Christian understanding of life, health, technology, illness, suffering, and death. In this essay, I outline a Christian approach to practical wisdom in health care by infusing Christian beliefs and values into a general framework (...)
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  48.  13
    Relative Numerousness Judgments by Squirrel Monkeys.Roger K. Thomas & Laurie Chase - 1980 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 16 (2):79-82.
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  49.  52
    The Grammar of Case: Towards a Localistic Theory.Laurie Bauer - 1977 - Linguistics and Philosophy 1 (1):119-152.
  50.  16
    Position Tracking and Identity Tracking Are Separate Systems: Evidence From Eye Movements.Lauri Oksama & Jukka Hyönä - 2016 - Cognition 146:393-409.
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