Results for 'Laurie Tani'

668 found
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  1.  30
    Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism.Laurie J. Sears & Benedict Anderson - 1994 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 114 (1):129.
  2.  7
    Nancy Tuana Laurie Shrage.Laurie Shrage - 2003 - In LaFollette H. (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Practical Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 15.
  3.  16
    An Interpretation of Theself'from the Dynamical Systems Perspective: A Constructivist Approach.Jun Tani - 1998 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 5 (5-6):5-6.
    This study attempts to describe the notion of the ‘self’ using dynamical systems language based on the results of our robot learning experiments. A neural network model consisting of multiple modules is proposed, in which the interactive dynamics between the bottom-up perception and the top-down prediction are investigated. Our experiments with a real mobile robot showed that the incremental learning of the robot switches spontaneously between steady and unsteady phases. In the steady phase, the top-down prediction for the bottom-up perception (...)
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  4.  52
    The Dynamical Systems Accounts for Phenomenology of Immanent Time: An Interpretation by Revisiting a Robotics Synthetic Study.Jun Tani - 2004 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (9):5-24.
    This paper discusses possible correspondences between the dynamical systems characteristics observed in our previously proposed cognitive model and phenomenological accounts of immanent time considered by Edmund Husserl. Our simulation experiments in the anticiparatory learning of a robot showed that encountering sensory-motor flow can be learned as segmented into chunks of reusable primitives with accompanying dynamic shifting between coherences and incoherences in local modules. It is considered that the sense of objective time might appear when the continuous sensory-motor flow input to (...)
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  5. Logical Parts.Laurie A. Paul - 2002 - Noûs 36 (4):578–596.
    I argue for a property mereology and for mereological bundle theory. I then apply this theory to the one over many problem (universals) and puzzles concerning persistence and material constitution.
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  6.  66
    Life and the Life-World.Toru Tani - 1986 - Husserl Studies 3 (1):57-78.
    This paper will deal with the relationship between 'life' (Leben) and the 'life-world' (Lebenswelt) 1 as we find these concepts in the writings of Husserl's last years. The emphasis will be upon elucidating this relation- ship from the transcendental point of view. It is well known that Husserl initially introduced the concept of the life-world into his philosophy in connection with the problem of founding the sciences: accordingly, most studies up to date have dealt with the concept within this context (...)
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  7.  51
    Inquiry Into the I, Disclosedness, and Self-Consciousness: Husserl, Heidegger, Nishida.Toru Tani - 1998 - Continental Philosophy Review 31 (3):239-253.
    Consciousness – Bewußtsein – was one of the key concepts of Husserl’s phenomenology. In contrast to this, Heidegger – regarded as Husserl’s most outstanding pupil – placed Dasein at the center of his own phenomenology. This change in key concepts may be seen as an upheaval in the phenomenology that purports to study the “things themselves”: as a shift of focus from the activity of a Bewußtsein that constitutes the Being of objects, to the passivity of a Dasein that receives (...)
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  8.  57
    Genetic Privacy: A Challenge to Medico-Legal Norms.Graeme Laurie - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    The phenomenon of the New Genetics raises complex social problems, particularly those of privacy. This book offers ethical and legal perspectives on the questions of a right to know and not to know genetic information from the standpoint of individuals, their relatives, employers, insurers and the state. Graeme Laurie provides a unique definition of privacy, including a concept of property rights in the person, and argues for stronger legal protection of privacy in the shadow of developments in human genetics. (...)
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  9. Moral Dilemmas of Feminism: Prostitution, Adultery, and Abortion.Laurie Shrage - 1994 - Routledge.
  10. Indices of Theory Promise.Laurie Anne Whitt - 1992 - Philosophy of Science 59 (4):612-634.
    Figuring prominently in their decisions regarding which theories to pursue are scientists' appeals to the promise or lack of promise of those theories. Yet philosophy of science has had little to say about how one is to assess theory promise. This essay identifies several indices that might be consulted to determine whether or not a theory is promising and worthy of pursuit. Various historical examples of appeals to such indices are introduced.
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  11.  18
    The Sentence Wrap-Up Dogma.Laurie A. Stowe, Edith Kaan, Laura Sabourin & Ryan C. Taylor - 2018 - Cognition 176:232-247.
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  12.  24
    Theory Pursuit: Between Discovery and Acceptance.Laurie Anne Whitt - 1990 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1990:467 - 483.
    Drawing on diverse historical cases, this paper describes and examines various aspects of a modality of scientific appraisal which has remained largely unexplored, theory pursuit. Specifically, it addresses the following issues: the epistemic and pragmatic commitments involved in theory pursuit, including how these differ from those characteristic of theory acceptance; how the research interests of scientists enter into their pursuit decisions; some of the strategies for the refinement and extension of a theory's empirical abilities which typify theory pursuit; and the (...)
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  13.  32
    Recognizing the Right Not to Know: Conceptual, Professional, and Legal Implications.Graeme Laurie - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (1):53-63.
    This article argues for the importance of conceptual clarity in the debate about the so-called right not to know. This is vital both at the theoretical and the practical level. It is suggested that, unlike many formulations and attempts to give effect to this right, what is at stake is not merely an aspect of personal autonomy and therefore cannot and should not be reduced only to a question of individual choice. Rather, it is argued that the core interests that (...)
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  14.  6
    Cross-Sectoral Big Data: The Application of an Ethics Framework for Big Data in Health and Research.Graeme T. Laurie - 2019 - Asian Bioethics Review 11 (3):327-339.
    Discussion of uses of biomedical data often proceeds on the assumption that the data are generated and shared solely or largely within the health sector. However, this assumption must be challenged because increasingly large amounts of health and well-being data are being gathered and deployed in cross-sectoral contexts such as social media and through the internet of things and wearable devices. Cross-sectoral sharing of data thus refers to the generation, use and linkage of biomedical data beyond the health sector. This (...)
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  15.  6
    Charting Regulatory Stewardship in Health Research: Making the Invisible Visible.Graeme T. Laurie, Edward S. Dove, Agomoni Ganguli-Mitra, Isabel Fletcher, Catriona Mcmillan, Nayha Sethi & Annie Sorbie - 2018 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 27 (2):333-347.
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  16. You’Ve Changed: Sex Reassignment and Personal Identity.Laurie J. Shrage (ed.) - 2009 - Oup Usa.
    Is sex identity a feature of one's mind or body, and is it a relational or intrinsic property? Who is in the best position to know a person's sex, do we each have a true sex, and is a person's sex an alterable characteristic? When a person's sex assignment changes, has the old self disappeared and a new one emerged; or, has only the public presentation of one's self changed? "You've Changed" examines the philosophical questions raised by the phenomenon of (...)
     
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  17.  17
    Recognizing the Right Not to Know: Conceptual, Professional, and Legal Implications.Graeme Laurie - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (1):53-63.
    The right not to know is a contested matter. This can be because the inversion of the normal framing of entitlement to information about one's own health is thought to be illogical and inconsistent with self-authorship and/or because the very idea of claiming a right not to know information is an inappropriate appeal to the discourse of rights that places impossible responsibilities on others. Notwithstanding, there has been a sustained increase in this kind of appeal in recent years fueled in (...)
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  18. Should Feminists Oppose Prostitution.Laurie Shrage - 1989 - Ethics 99 (2):347-361.
  19.  52
    Making Sense of the Research on Gender and Ethics in Business.Laurie Babin - 1997 - Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (4):61-90.
    This article represents an attempt to organize, critique, and extend research findings on gender differences in business ethics. The focus is on two dependent variables—ethical judgment and behavioral intent. Differences in findings between student and professional groups are noted and theoretical implications are discussed. The new research provided for this article contains two benchmark studies undertaken with identical stimuli and identical measures. These studies were followed by two additional studies, using the same measures but different stimuli, as a partial replication (...)
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  20.  24
    Stem Cell Research: A Target Article Collection Part I - Jordan's Banks, A View From the First Years of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research.Laurie Zoloth - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics 2 (1):3-11.
    This essay will address the ethical issues that have emerged in the first considerations of the newly emerging stem cell technology. Many of us in the field of bioethics were deliberating related issues as we first learned of the new science and confronted the ethical issues it raised. In this essay, I will draw on the work of colleagues who were asked to reflect on early stages of the research as the field debated the issues of consent, moral status, use (...)
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  21.  24
    Object Individuation Using Property/Kind Information in Rhesus Macaques.Laurie R. Santos, Gregory M. Sulkowski, Geertrui M. Spaepen & Marc D. Hauser - 2002 - Cognition 83 (3):241-264.
  22.  49
    Phenomenology and the Social World: The Philosophy of Merleau-Ponty and its Relation to the Social Sciences.Laurie Spurling - 1977 - Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    The term ‘phenomenology’ has become almost as over-used and emptied of meaning as that other word from Continental Philosophy, namely ‘existentialism’. Yet Husserl, who first put forward the phenomenological method, considered it a rigorous alternative to positivism, and in the hands of Merleau-Ponty, a disciple of Husserl in France, phenomenology became a way of gaining a disciplined and coherent perspective on the world in which we live. When this study originally published in 1977 there were only a few books in (...)
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  23. Philosophizing About Sex.Laurie J. Shrage & Robert Scott Stewart - 2015 - Broadview Press.
    Ancient Greek philosophers, medieval theologians, Enlightenment thinkers, and contemporary humanists alike have debated all aspects of human sexuality, including its purpose, permissibility, normalcy, and risks. _Philosophizing About Sex_ provides a philosophical guide to those longstanding and important debates. Each chapter takes a general issue and shows how ongoing public discussions of sexuality can be illuminated by careful philosophical investigation. Debates over topics such as sexual assault, sexual orientation, sex education, prostitution, and “sexting” involve larger questions about morality, law, science, and (...)
     
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  24. Counterfactual Theories.Laurie Ann Paul - 2009 - In Helen Beebee, Peter Menzies & Christopher Hitchcock (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Causation. Oxford University Press.
     
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  25.  32
    Evidence-Based Neuroethics, Deep Brain Stimulation and Personality - Deflating, but Not Bursting, the Bubble.Jonathan Pugh, Laurie Pycroft, Hannah Maslen, Tipu Aziz & Julian Savulescu - forthcoming - Neuroethics.
    Gilbert et al. have raised important questions about the empirical grounding of neuroethical analyses of the apparent phenomenon of Deep Brain Stimulation ‘causing’ personality changes. In this paper, we consider how to make neuroethical claims appropriately calibrated to existing evidence, and the role that philosophical neuroethics has to play in this enterprise of ‘evidence-based neuroethics’. In the first half of the paper, we begin by highlighting the challenges we face in investigating changes to PIAAAS following DBS, explaining how different trial (...)
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  26.  44
    Decoupling Marriage and Parenting.Laurie Shrage - 2018 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 35 (3):496-512.
    This article argues for separating the institutions of marriage and parenting, conceptually and legally. Marriage is neither necessary nor adequate for fostering cooperative and stable co-parenting. Because promoting marriage fails to protect all children, the state should develop a more suitable formal mechanism whereby co-parents can commit to cooperate in good faith in order to best serve the interests of their children. Like civil marriage, many of the terms of these contracts are aspirational and not enforceable, though they can guide (...)
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  27.  19
    Sex and Miscibility.Laurie J. Shrage - 2009 - In You've Changed: Sex Reassignment and Personal Identity. Oup Usa. pp. 175.
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  28.  23
    Discerning the Subject.Laurie Edson & Paul Smith - 1989 - Substance 18 (3):131.
  29.  16
    Domain-Specific Knowledge in Human Children and Non-Human Primates: Artifacts and Foods.Laurie R. Santos, Marc D. Hauser & Elizabeth S. Spelke - 2002 - In Marc Bekoff, Colin Allen & Gordon M. Burghardt (eds.), The Cognitive Animal: Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives on Animal Cognition. MIT Press. pp. 205--216.
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  30.  24
    To Avenge or Not to Avenge? Exploring the Interactive Effects of Moral Identity and the Negative Reciprocity Norm.Laurie J. Barclay, David B. Whiteside & Karl Aquino - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 121 (1):15-28.
    Across three studies, the authors examine the interactive effects of moral identity and the negative reciprocity norm in predicting revenge. The general argument is that moral identity provides the motivational impetus for individuals’ responses, whereas the normative framework that people adopt as a basis for guiding moral action influences the direction of the response. Results indicated that moral identity and the negative reciprocity norm significantly interacted to predict revenge. More specifically, the symbolization dimension of moral identity interacted with the negative (...)
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  31.  41
    Reforming Marriage: A Comparative Approach.Laurie Shrage - 2013 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 30 (2):107-121.
    In this article, I examine the case for privatising marriage and replacing civil marriage with inclusive civil union policies. I argue against this proposal because of its likely detrimental impact on the social standing of women and girls. In order to assess the importance of civil marriage historically and cross-culturally, I examine a contemporary debate over marriage reform in some predominantly Islamic societies in regard to temporary marriage. I also propose a policy to protect the interests of children of both (...)
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  32.  15
    Must Analysis of Meaning Follow Analysis of Form? A Time Course Analysis.Laurie B. Feldman, Petar Milin, Kit W. Cho, Fermín Moscoso del Prado Martín & Patrick A. O’Connor - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  33.  10
    Seeing the Duties to All.Laurie Zoloth - 2001 - Hastings Center Report 31 (2):15-19.
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  34.  94
    Implicit Memory: Intention and Awareness Revisited.Laurie T. Butler & Dianne C. Berry - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (5):192-197.
  35.  33
    Abortion and Social Responsibility: Depolarizing the Debate.Laurie Shrage - 2003 - Oup Usa.
    Laurie Shrage attributes much of the long-standing controversy about abortion to Roe v. Wade and to the Supreme Court's controversial regulatory scheme in that 1973 decision. Shrage explores the origins of that scheme but argues for an alternate scheme - therapeutic abortions shorter than six months can protect women's interests and advance important public interests, but that reproductive rights campaigns should also focus on the social and economic conditions that prevent women having access to the abortion services they need. (...)
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  36.  23
    Value-Bifurcation in Bioscience: The Rhetoric of Research Justification.Laurie Anne Whitt - 1999 - Perspectives on Science 7 (4):413-446.
  37.  7
    Delivering a Practical Framework for Ethical Decision-Making Involving Big Data in Health and Research.Graeme T. Laurie & E. Shyong Tai - 2019 - Asian Bioethics Review 11 (3):223-225.
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  38.  7
    The Narratable Self: Adriana Cavarero with Sojourner Truth.Laurie E. Naranch - 2019 - Hypatia 34 (3):424-440.
    This essay engages the work of Italian feminist philosopher Adriana Cavarero and her concept of the narratable self. Her relational humanism, rooted in our exposure to others, offers an ontology of uniqueness whose critique of abstraction, masculinism, and identity politics still resonates today where the meaning of a unique “you” is negotiated in embodied exchanges that may offer care or wounds. Cavarero develops an altruistic ethics that cultivates this humanism. I argue that her work should be extended to better capture (...)
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  39.  22
    Clinical Trialist Perspectives on the Ethics of Adaptive Clinical Trials: A Mixed-Methods Analysis.Laurie J. Legocki, William J. Meurer, Shirley Frederiksen, Roger J. Lewis, Valerie L. Durkalski, Donald A. Berry, William G. Barsan & Michael D. Fetters - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):27.
    In an adaptive clinical trial , key trial characteristics may be altered during the course of the trial according to predefined rules in response to information that accumulates within the trial itself. In addition to having distinguishing scientific features, adaptive trials also may involve ethical considerations that differ from more traditional randomized trials. Better understanding of clinical trial experts’ views about the ethical aspects of adaptive designs could assist those planning ACTs. Our aim was to elucidate the opinions of clinical (...)
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  40.  2
    [Book Review] Health Care and the Ethics of Encounter, a Jewish Discussion of Social Justice. [REVIEW]Laurie Zoloth - 2001 - Hastings Center Report 31 (3):44-46.
  41. Does the Government Need to Know Your Sex?Laurie Shrage - 2012 - Journal of Political Philosophy 20 (2):225-247.
  42.  15
    Waiting to Be Born: The Ethical Implications of the Generation of “Nuborn” and “Nuage” Mice From Pre-Pubertal Ovarian Tissue.Laurie Zoloth, Leilah Backhus & Teresa Woodruff - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (6):21 – 29.
    Oncofertility is one of the 9 NIH Roadmap Initiatives, federal grants intended to explore previously intractable questions, and it describes a new field that exists in the liminal space between cancer treatment and its sequelae, IVF clinics and their yearning, and basic research in cell growth, biomaterials, and reproductive science and its tempting promises. Cancer diagnoses, which were once thought universally fatal, now often entail management of a chronic disease. Yet the therapies are rigorous, must start immediately, and in many (...)
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  43.  12
    Yukawa's Prediction of the Meson.Laurie M. Brown - 1981 - Centaurus 25 (1):71-132.
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  44.  2
    The Structure of Men's and Women's Feminist Orientations: Feminist Identity and Feminist Opinion.Laurie A. Rhodebeck - 1996 - Gender and Society 10 (4):386-403.
    This study considers two problems: the extent to which feminist opinions are distinct from feminist identity and the generalizability of these separate constructs across gender and time. Using pooled cross-sectional data from the six National Election Study surveys conducted from 1972 through 1992, the author employs a series of measurement and structural equation models to evaluate the validity and reliability of various feminist orientations and to estimate the relationships among feminist identity, feminist opinion, and individual characteristics associated with feminism. The (...)
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  45.  4
    Whether to Waive Parental Permission in HIV Prevention Research Among Adolescents: Ethical and Legal Considerations.Laurie J. Bauman, Claude Ann Mellins & Robert Klitzman - 2020 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 48 (1):188-201.
    Critical ethical questions arise concerning whether studies among adolescents of new behavioral and biomedical HIV preventive interventions such as Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis should obtain parental permission. This paper examines the relevant regulations and ethical guidance concerning waivers of parental permission, and arguments for and against such waivers. Opponents of such waivers may argue that adolescent decision-making is “too immature” and that parents always have rights to decide how to protect their children. Yet requiring parental permission may put adolescents at risk, and/or (...)
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  46.  8
    Heroic Measures: Just Bioethics in an Unjust World.Laurie Zoloth - 2001 - Hastings Center Report 31 (6):34-40.
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  47.  39
    Clarifying How to Deploy the Public Interest Criterion in Consent Waivers for Health Data and Tissue Research.G. Owen Schaefer, Graeme Laurie, Sumytra Menon, Alastair V. Campbell & Teck Chuan Voo - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-10.
    Background Several jurisdictions, including Singapore, Australia, New Zealand and most recently Ireland, have a public interest or public good criterion for granting waivers of consent in biomedical research using secondary health data or tissue. However, the concept of the public interest is not well defined in this context, which creates difficulties for institutions, institutional review boards and regulators trying to implement the criterion. Main text This paper clarifies how the public interest criterion can be defensibly deployed. We first explain the (...)
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  48.  24
    Angry Facial Expressions Bias Gender Categorization in Children and Adults: Behavioral and Computational Evidence.Laurie Bayet, Olivier Pascalis, Paul C. Quinn, Kang Lee, ÉDouard Gentaz & James W. Tanaka - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  49.  23
    Go and Tend the Earth: A Jewish View on an Enhanced World.Laurie Zoloth - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (1):10-25.
    In this essay, the author considers how one particular faith community, contemporary Judaism, in all its internal diversity, has reflected on the issue of how far the project of genetic intervention ought to go when the subject of the future - embodied, willful, and vulnerable - is at stake. Knowing, naming, and acting to change is not only a narrative of faith traditions; it is a narrative of biological science as well.
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  50.  8
    La Modernité de la Raison d’État et le Masque du Temps.Laurie Catteeuw - 2007 - Revue de Synthèse 128 (3-4):369-394.
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