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Lawrence Masek [18]Lawrence Joseph Masek [1]
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Lawrence Masek
Ohio Dominican University
  1. Intentions, Motives and the Doctrine of Double Effect.Lawrence Masek - 2010 - Philosophical Quarterly 60 (240):567-585.
    I defend the doctrine of double effect and a so-called ‘strict’ definition of intention: A intends an effect if and only if A has it as an end or believes that it is a state of affairs in the causal sequence that will result in A's end. Following Kamm's proposed ‘doctrine of triple effect’, I distinguish an intended effect from an effect that motivates an action, and show that this distinction is morally significant. I use several contrived cases as illustrations, (...)
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  2.  38
    The Doctrine of Double Effect, Deadly Drugs, and Business Ethics.Lawrence Masek - 2000 - Business Ethics Quarterly 10 (2):483-495.
    Manuel Velasquez and F. Neil Brady apply the doctrine of double effect to business ethics and conclude that the doctrine allows a pharmaceutical company to sell a drug with potentially fatal side effects only if it also has the good effect of saving lives. This forbidsthe sale of many common products, such as automobiles and alcohol. My account preserves the virtues of the doctrine of double effectwithout making it too restrictive. I apply the doctrine to a pharmaceutical company’s decision to (...)
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  3.  48
    A Contralife Argument Against Altered Nuclear Transfer.Lawrence Masek - 2006 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 6 (2):235-240.
  4. How Kant's View of Perfect and Imperfect Duties Resolves an Alleged Moral Dilemma for Judges.Lawrence Masek - 2005 - Ratio Juris 18 (4):415-428.
    I clarify Kant's classification of duties and criticize the apocryphal tradition that, according to Kant, perfect duties trump imperfect duties. I then use Kant's view to argue that judges who believe that an action is immoral and should be illegal need not set aside their beliefs in order to comply with binding precedents that permit the action. The same view of morality that causes some people to oppose certain actions, including abortion, requires lower–court judges to comply with binding precedents. Therefore, (...)
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  5.  91
    Treating Humanity as an Inviolable End.Lawrence Masek - 2008 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (1):1-16.
    I argue that contraception is morally wrong but that periodic abstinence (or natural family planning) is not. Further, I argue that altered nuclear transfer—a proposed technique for creating human stem cells without destroying human embryos—is morally wrong for the same reason that contraception is. Contrary to what readers might expect, my argument assumes nothing about the morality of cloning or abortion and requires no premises about God or natural teleology. Instead, I argue that contraception and altered nuclear transfer are morally (...)
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  6.  61
    Deadly Drugs and the Doctrine of Double Effect: A Reply to Tully.Lawrence Masek - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 68 (2):143-151.
    In a recent contribution to this journal, Patrick Tully criticizes my view that the doctrine of double effect does not prohibit a pharmaceutical company from selling a drug that has potentially fatal side-effects and that does not treat a life-threatening condition. Tully alleges my account is too permissive and makes the doctrine irrelevant to decisions about selling harmful products. In the following paper, I respond to Tully’s objections and show that he misinterprets my position and misstates some elements of the (...)
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  7.  49
    Improving the Analogies in Contralife Arguments: The Consistency of Catholic Teachings About Regulating Births.Lawrence Masek - 2008 - Heythrop Journal 49 (3):442-452.
  8. The Contralife Argument and the Principle of Double Effect.Lawrence Masek - 2011 - National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 11 (1):83-97.
  9.  54
    All's Not Fair in War: How Kant's Just War Theory Refutes War Realism.Lawrence Masek - 2002 - Public Affairs Quarterly 16 (2):143-154.
  10.  95
    Petitionary Prayer to an Omnipotent and Omnibenevolent God.Lawrence Masek - 2000 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 74 (Suppl.):273-283.
  11.  72
    On Some Proposals for Producing Human Stem Cells.Lawrence Masek - 2010 - National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 10 (2):257-264.
    The author argues that an action is morally wrong if any of its steps serves no purpose apart from preventing the existence of a human being. This principle entails that contraception and some proposed techniques for altered nuclear transfer are morally wrong, but it does not preclude producing stem cells through parthenogenesis. His argument depends on the premise that human life always is a good, including human life produced through immoral actions. The immoral action, not the life caused by the (...)
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  12.  29
    The Contralife Argument Andthe Principle of Double Effect.Lawrence Masek - 2011 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 11 (1):83-97.
    The author uses the central insight of the principle of double effect—that the distinction between intended effects and foreseen side effects is morally significant—to distinguish contraception from natural family planning. After summarizing the contralife argument against contraception, the author identifies limitations of arguments presented by Pope John Paul II and by Martin Rhonheimer. To show that the contralife argument does not apply to NFP, the author argues that agents do not intend every effect that motivates their actions. This argument supplements (...)
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  13.  82
    Why Kant’s Project Did Not Have to Fail.Lawrence Masek - 2002 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 76 (Suppl.):253-264.
    This paper argues that Kant identifies what is morally good as what allows people to fulfill their essential purpose. In After Virtue, Alasdair MacIntyre contends that the Enlightenment project of justifying morality had to fail because Enlightenment thinkers did not treat moral judgments as teleological judgments. However, Kant claims in his Critique of Judgment that judging something to be good always refers to a purpose. I reconcile this claim with some passages from Kant’s writings that seem to contradict it, including (...)
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  14.  30
    In Defense of a Minimalist, Agent-Based Principle of Double Effect.Lawrence Masek - 2015 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 89 (3):521-538.
    Many philosophers assume that the principle of double effect (PDE) is meant to cover trolley cases. In fact, trolley cases come from PDE’s critics, not its defenders. When philosophers stretch PDE to explain intuitions about trolley cases, they define intended effects too broadly. More importantly, trolley cases make poor illustrations of PDE because they focus attention away from the agent and onto the victim. When philosophers lose sight of the agent, some intuitions that fit PDE survive, but the rational basis (...)
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  15.  20
    Colloquy.Lawrence Masek - 2012 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 12 (2):199-202.
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  16.  6
    Why Kant’s Project Did Not Have to Fail.Lawrence Masek - 2002 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 76:253-264.
    This paper argues that Kant identifies what is morally good as what allows people to fulfill their essential purpose. In After Virtue, Alasdair MacIntyre contends that the Enlightenment project of justifying morality had to fail because Enlightenment thinkers did not treat moral judgments as teleological judgments. However, Kant claims in his Critique of Judgment that judging something to be good always refers to a purpose. I reconcile this claim with some passages from Kant’s writings that seem to contradict it, including (...)
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  17.  1
    On Some Proposals for Producing Human Stem Cells.Lawrence Masek - 2010 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 10 (2):257-264.
    The author argues that an action is morally wrong if any of its steps serves no purpose apart from preventing the existence of a human being. This principle entails that contraception and some proposed techniques for altered nuclear transfer are morally wrong, but it does not preclude producing stem cells through parthenogenesis. His argument depends on the premise that human life always is a good, including human life produced through immoral actions. The immoral action, not the life caused by the (...)
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  18. The Moral Status of Human Embryos and Other Possible Sources of Stem Cells.Lawrence Masek - 2017 - In Jason Eberl (ed.), Contemporary Controversies in Catholic Bioethics. Springer.
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