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Lawrence Pasternack
Oklahoma State University
  1.  79
    Restoring Kant's Conception of the Highest Good.Lawrence Pasternack - 2017 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 55 (3):435-468.
    Since the publication of Andrews Reath's “Two Conceptions of the Highest Good in Kant” (Journal of the History of Philosophy 26:4 (1988)), most scholars have come to accept the view that Kant migrated away from an earlier “theological” version to one that is more “secular.” The purpose of this paper is to explore the roots of this interpretative trend, re-assess its merits, and then examine how the Highest Good is portrayed in Kant’s Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason. As (...)
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  2.  8
    Predication and Modality in Kant’s Critique of the Ontological Argument.Lawrence Pasternack - 2018 - Kant Yearbook 10 (1):149-170.
    There is perhaps no more famous objection to the Ontological Argument than Kant’s contention that existence is not a predicate. However, this is not his only objection against the Ontological Argument. It is rather part of a more comprehensive attack on the OA, one that contains at least four distinct arguments, only one of which involves. It is the purpose of this paper to explore Kant’s case for, consider three contemporary strategies used to reinforce it, assess their merits, and then (...)
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  3. The Many Gods Objection to Pascal's Wager: A Decision Theoretic Response.Lawrence Pasternack - 2012 - Philo 15 (2):158-178.
    The Many Gods Objection (MGO) is widely viewed as a decisive criticism of Pascal’s Wager. By introducing a plurality of hypotheses with infinite expected utility into the decision matrix, the wagerer is left without adequate grounds to decide between them. However, some have attempted to rebut this objection by employing various criteria drawn from the theological tradition. Unfortunately, such defenses do little good for an argument that is supposed to be an apologetic aimed at atheists and agnostics. The purpose of (...)
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  4. The ‘Two Experiments’ of Kant’s Religion: Dismantling the Conundrum.Lawrence Pasternack - 2017 - Kantian Review 22 (1):107-131.
    The past decade has seen a sizable increase in scholarship on Kant’s Religion. Yet, unlike the centuries of debate that inform our study of his other major works, scholarship on the Religion is still just in its infancy. As such, it is in a particularly vulnerable state where errors made now could hinder scholarship for decades to come. It is the purpose of this paper to mitigate one such danger, a danger issuing from the widely assumed view that the Religion (...)
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  5.  35
    A Guide to Kant’s Treatment of Grace.Pablo Muchnik & Lawrence Pasternack - 2017 - Con-Textos Kantianos 6.
    This Guide is designed to restore the theological background that informs Kant’s treatment of grace in Religion to its rightful place. This background is essential not only to understand the nature of Kant’s overall project in this book, namely, to determine the “association” or “union” between Christianity (as a historical faith) and rational religion, but also to dispel the impression of “internal contradictions” and conundrums” that contemporary interpreters associate with Kant’s treatment of grace and moral regeneration. That impression, we argue, (...)
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  6.  61
    Kant on the Debt of Sin.Lawrence Pasternack - 2012 - Faith and Philosophy 29 (1):30-52.
    Kant follows Christian tradition by asserting that humanity is sinful by nature, that our sinful nature burdens us with an infinite debt to God, and that it is possible for us to undergo a moral transformation that iberates us from sin and from its debt. Most of the secondary literature has focused on either Kant’s account of sin or our liberation from it. Far less attention has been paid to the debt in particular. The purpose of this paper is to (...)
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  7.  4
    The Highest Good in Kant’s Philosophy. Ed. By Thomas Höwing. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2016. 294 P. ISBN 978-3-11-036900-7.Lawrence Pasternack - 2018 - Kant-Studien 109 (3):477-482.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 109 Heft: 3 Seiten: 477-482.
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  8.  53
    Kant on Opinion: Assent, Hypothesis, and the Norms of General Applied Logic.Lawrence Pasternack - 2014 - Kant-Studien 105 (1):41-82.
    Kant identifies knowledge [Wissen], belief [Glaube], and opinion [Meinung] as our three primary modes of “holding-to-be-true” [Fürwahrhalten]. He also identifies opinion as making up the greatest part of our cognition. After a preliminary sketch of Kant’s system of propositional attitudes, this paper will explore what he says about the norms governing opinion and empirical hypotheses. The final section will turn to what, in the Critique of Pure Reason and elsewhere, Kant refers to as “General Applied Logic”. It concerns the “contingent (...)
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  9.  58
    Regulative Principles and ‘the Wise Author of Nature’: Lawrence Pasternack.Lawrence Pasternack - 2011 - Religious Studies 47 (4):411-429.
    There is much more said in the Critique of Pure Reason about the relationship between God and purposiveness than what is found in Kant's analysis of the physico-theological argument. The ‘Wise Author of Nature’ is central to his analysis of regulative principles in the ‘Appendix to the Transcendental Dialectic’ and also appears in the ‘Canon’, first with regards to the Highest Good and then again in relation to our theoretical use of purposiveness. This paper will begin with a brief discussion (...)
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  10.  71
    The Development and Scope of Kantian Belief: The Highest Good, The Practical Postulates and The Fact of Reason.Lawrence Pasternack - 2011 - Kant-Studien 102 (3):290-315.
    This paper offers an account of the historical development of Kant's understanding of belief ( Glaube ) from its early ties to George Friedrich Meier's Auszug aus der Vernunftlehre through various stages of refinement. It will be argued that the Critique of Pure Reason reflects an important but not final stage in Kant's understanding of belief. Its structure is further refined and its scope narrowed in later works, including the Critique of Practical Reason and Critique of Judgment . After charting (...)
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  11.  1
    Kant on Opinion: Assent, Hypothesis, and the Norms of General Applied Logic.Lawrence Pasternack - 2014 - Kant-Studien 105 (1).
  12.  39
    The Ens Realissimum and Necessary Being in The Critique of Pure Reason.Lawrence Pasternack - 2001 - Religious Studies 37 (4):467-474.
    Just prior to The Critique of Pure Reason's examination of the various arguments for God's existence, Kant discusses the conceptual relationship between the idea of an ens realissimum and that of a necessary being. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the extent to which this discussion informs his claim that the cosmological argument depends upon the ontological argument.
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  13.  36
    Can Self-Deception Explain Akrasia in Kant's Theory of Moral Agency?Lawrence Pasternack - 1999 - Southwest Philosophy Review 15 (1):87-97.
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  14.  5
    Christopher J. Insole, The Intolerable God: Kant’s Theological Journey Grand Rapids, MI/Cambridge UK: Eerdmans, 2016 Pp. 186 ISBN 9780802873057 $30.00. [REVIEW]Lawrence Pasternack - 2017 - Kantian Review 22 (3):518-522.
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  15. Baumgarten and Kant on Rational Theology: Deism, Theism, and the Role of Analogy.Brian Chance & Lawrence Pasternack - forthcoming - In Courtney Fugate (ed.), Kant's Lectures of Metaphysics. Cambridge University Press.
    In both his published works and lecture notes Kant distinguishes between Transcendental and Natural Theology, associating the former with Deism and the latter with Theism. The purpose of this paper is to explore these distinctions, particularly as they are shaped by Kant’s engagement with Baumgarten’s Philosophical Theology.
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  16.  5
    Preface to Excerpt From the Doctrine of Reason by Georg Friedrich Meier.Lawrence Pasternack - 2016 - In Lawrence Pasternack & Pablo Muchnik (eds.), Excerpt from the Doctrine of Reason by Georg Friedrich Meier. Bloomsbury Academic.
    The aim of Kant’s Sources in Translation is to retrieve the rich intellectual world that influenced Kant’s philosophical development. In its first stage, the series makes available the most important textbooks Kant used throughout his long teaching career. Many of these textbooks are in Latin or in German and remain inaccessible to Anglophone readers. Lacking this material, however, it is difficult to appreciate Kant’s originality and process of philosophical maturation, for readers are unable to understand what prompted Kant to introduce (...)
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  17.  53
    The Lawfulness of the Will and Timeless Agency.Lawrence Pasternack - 2003 - Kant-Studien 94 (3):352-361.
  18.  19
    Kant's 'Appraisal' of Christianity: Biblical Interpretation and the Pure Rational System of Religion.Lawrence Pasternack - 2015 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 53 (3):485-506.
    The First Preface to Kant’s Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason contains various characterizations of the distinction between biblical and philosophical theology. Similar characterizations are also found in the Preface to The Conflict of the Faculties. In both, Kant warns the philosopher against trespassing into the purview of the biblical theologian. Yet, in the actual body of both texts, we find numerous occasions where Kant deviates from the rules he initially articulates. The purpose of this paper is to identify (...)
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  19.  32
    Internal Realism and Twin Earth.Lawrence Pasternack - 2001 - Idealistic Studies 31 (1):73-80.
    This paper is structured as follows. First, it offers a brief presentation of the Twin Earth thought experiment. Second, it offers an interpretation of Putnam'santi-realism. Third, it argues for the incompatibility of anti-realism and the semantic role of extension that Twin Earth is supposed to establish.
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  20.  21
    Intrinsic Value and Overridingness in Kant's Groundwork.Lawrence Pasternack - 2002 - Southwest Philosophy Review 18 (1):113-121.
  21.  23
    Review: DiCenso, Kant's Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason: A Commentary. [REVIEW]Lawrence Pasternack - 2013 - Kantian Review 18 (3):479-483.
  22.  6
    Stephen R. Palmquist, Comprehensive Commentary on Kant’s Religion Within the Bounds of Bare Reason Malden, MA, Oxford and Chichester, West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell, 2015 Pp. Xxix + 604 ISBN 9781118619209 $168.40. [REVIEW]Lawrence Pasternack - 2016 - Kantian Review 21 (3):516-521.
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  23.  29
    Intrinsic Value and Sentimentalism.Lawrence Pasternack - 2008 - Southwest Philosophy Review 24 (1):141-151.
  24.  15
    Christopher Insole, Kant and the Creation of Freedom: A Theological Problem Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013 Pp. Xiv + 264 ISBN 9780199677603 £65.00. [REVIEW]Lawrence Pasternack - 2015 - Kantian Review 20 (1):162-166.
    Book Reviews Lawrence Pasternack, Kantian Review, FirstView Article.
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  25.  14
    Review: Muchnik, Kant's Theory of Evil: An Essay on the Dangers of Self-Love and the Aprioricity of History. [REVIEW]Lawrence Pasternack - 2010 - Kantian Review 15 (2):150-155.
  26.  16
    Gambling Maxims and Their Universalizability.Lawrence Pasternack - 2003 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 17 (1):17-28.
    This paper explores the moral status of various gambling maxims, particularly as they relate to the bettor’s interest in profit and the mathematical expectation of the game being played. Certain difficulties with the prevailing interpretations of the Formula of Universalizability will also be discussed, particularly in relation to games for which the bettor can have a positive expectation.
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  27.  5
    Joachim Aufderheide and Ralf M. Bader , The Highest Good in Aristotle and Kant Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015 Pp. 256 ISBN 9780198714019 £45.00. [REVIEW]Lawrence Pasternack - 2016 - Kantian Review 21 (2):318-323.
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  28.  11
    Review: Firestone, Kant and Theology at the Boundaries of Reason. [REVIEW]Lawrence Pasternack - 2011 - Kantian Review 16 (3):495-498.
  29. Kant’s Doctrinal Belief in God.Lawrence Pasternack - 2010 - In Oliver Thorndike (ed.), Rethinking Kant, Vol. 3.
    In the Canon of the Critique of Pure Reason, Kant endorses both a Moral Belief in God as well as what he there calls Doctrinal Belief. The former mode of belief is well known and can be found throughout the Kantian Corpus. The latter, however, is far more obscure and thus far has not been carefully studied. Doctrinal Belief only appears explicitly in the Canon, but is related to a number of issues in the Transcendental Dialectic as well as the (...)
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  30.  2
    Intrinslc Value and Overridingness in Kant’s Groundwork.Lawrence Pasternack - 2002 - Southwest Philosophy Review 18 (1):113-121.
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  31.  1
    Preface to Preparation for Natural Theology by Johann August Eberhard.Lawrence Pasternack & Pablo Muchnik - 2016 - In Lawrence Pasternack & Pablo Muchnik (eds.), Preparation for Natural Theology. Bloomsbury Academic.
    In this paper, I develop a quasi-transcendental argument to justify Kant’s infamous claim “man is evil by nature.” The cornerstone of my reconstruction lies in drawing a systematic distinction between the seemingly identical concepts of “evil disposition” (böseGesinnung) and “propensity to evil” (Hang zumBösen). The former, I argue, Kant reserves to describe the fundamental moral outlook of a single individual; the latter, the moral orientation of the whole species. Moreover, the appellative “evil” ranges over two different types of moral failure: (...)
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  32. Pascal's Wager.Paul Bartha & Lawrence Pasternack (eds.) - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    In his famous Wager, Blaise Pascal offers the reader an argument that it is rational to strive to believe in God. Philosophical debates about this classic argument have continued until our own times. This volume provides a comprehensive examination of Pascal's Wager, including its theological framework, its place in the history of philosophy, and its importance to contemporary decision theory. The volume starts with a valuable primer on infinity and decision theory for students and non-specialists. A sequence of chapters then (...)
     
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  33. Rational Faith and the Pantheism Controversy: Kant's "Orientation" Essay and the Evolution of His Moral Argument.Brian Chance & Lawrence Pasternack - forthcoming - In Daniel Dahlstrom (ed.), Kant and his German Contemporaries: Aesthetics, History, Politics, and Religion. Cambridge University Press.
    In this chapter we explore the importance of the Pantheism Controversy for the evolution of Kant’s so-called “Moral Argument” for the Highest Good and its postulates. After an initial discussion of the Canon of the Critique of Pure Reason, we move on to the relationship between faith and reason in the Pantheism Controversy, Kant’s response to the Controversy in his 1786 “Orientation” Essay, Thomas Wizenmann’s criticisms of that essay, and finally to the Critique of Practical Reason. We argue that while (...)
     
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  34. The Highest Good in Kant’s Philosophy. Ed. By Thomas Höwing. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2016. 294 P. ISBN 978-3-11-036900-7.The Highest Good in Kant’s Philosophy. Ed. By. [REVIEW]Lawrence Pasternack - 2018 - Kant-Studien 109 (3):477-482.
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  35.  2
    Excerpt From the Doctrine of Reason by Georg Friedrich Meier.Lawrence Pasternack & Pablo Muchnik (eds.) - 2016 - Bloomsbury Academic.
    The aim of Kant’s Sources in Translation is to retrieve the rich intellectual world that influenced Kant’s philosophical development. In its first stage, the series makes available the most important textbooks Kant used throughout his long teaching career. Many of these textbooks are in Latin or in German and remain inaccessible to Anglophone readers. Lacking this material, however, it is difficult to appreciate Kant’s originality and process of philosophical maturation, for readers are unable to understand what prompted Kant to introduce (...)
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  36.  2
    Excerpt From the Doctrine of Reason.Lawrence Pasternack & Pablo Muchnik (eds.) - 2016
    The aim of Kant’s Sources in Translation is to retrieve the rich intellectual world that influenced Kant’s philosophical development. In its first stage, the series makes available the most important textbooks Kant used throughout his long teaching career. Many of these textbooks are in Latin or in German and remain inaccessible to Anglophone readers. Lacking this material, however, it is difficult to appreciate Kant’s originality and process of philosophical maturation, for readers are unable to understand what prompted Kant to introduce (...)
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  37.  40
    Immanuel Kant: Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, in Focus.Lawrence Pasternack (ed.) - 2002 - Routledge.
    _The Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals^ is one of the most important works of moral philosophy ever written, and Kant's most widely read work. It attempts to demonstrate that morality has its foundation in reason and that our wills are free from both natural necessity and the power of desire. It is here that Kant sets out his famous and controversial 'categorical imperative', which forms the basis of his moral theory. This book is an essential guide to the groundwork_ (...)
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  38. Kant on Faith: Religious Assent and the Limits to Knowledge.Lawrence Pasternack - forthcoming - In Matthew Altman (ed.), The Palgrave Kant Handbook. Palgrave.
  39. Kant's Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason: An Interpretation and Defense.Lawrence Pasternack - 2014 - Routledge.
    This book offers a complete and internally cohesive interpretation of Religion. In contrast to the interpretations that characterize Religion as a litany of “wobbles”, fumbling between traditional Christianity and Enlightenment values, or a text that reduces religion into morality, the interpretation here offered defends the rich philosophical theology contained in each of Religion’s four parts and shows how the doctrines of the “Pure Rational System of Religion” are eminently compatible with the essential principles of Transcendental Idealism.
     
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  40. Kant’s Touchstone of Communication and the Public Use of Reason.Lawrence Pasternack - 2014 - Society and Politics 8 (1):78-91.
    Nearly all of the work that has been done on Kant’s conception of public reason has focused on its socio-political significance. John Rawls, Onora O’Neill and others have explored its relevance to a well ordered democracy, to pluralism, to toleration, and so on. However, the relevance of public reason for Kant is not limited to the socio-political. Kant repeatedly appeals to the “touchstone of communication” in relation to the normative side of his epistemology. The purpose of this paper is to (...)
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  41. Kant's Theory of Evil: An Essay on the Dangers of Self-Love and the Aprioricity of History, by Pablo Muchnik. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2009. Pp. 183 + Xxix. ISBN 978-0-7391-4016-1. Hardback, $65. [REVIEW]Lawrence Pasternack - 2010 - Kantian Review 15 (2):150-155.
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  42.  3
    Preparation for Natural Theology.Lawrence Pasternack & Pablo Muchnik (eds.) - 2016 - Bloomsbury Academic.
    The aim of Kant’s Sources in Translation is to retrieve the rich intellectual world that influenced Kant’s philosophical development. In its first stage, the series makes available the most important textbooks Kant used throughout his long teaching career. Many of these textbooks are in Latin or in German and remain inaccessible to Anglophone readers. Lacking this material, however, it is difficult to appreciate Kant’s originality and process of philosophical maturation, for readers are unable to understand what prompted Kant to introduce (...)
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  43. "Kant's Fourfold Critique of the Ontological Argument: Conceptual Containment, Predication, and the Portents of Free Logic".Lawrence Pasternack - forthcoming - In Graham Oppy (ed.), The Ontological Argument (Cambridge Classic Philosophical Arguments Series). Cambridge University Press.
  44. Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Kant on Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason.Lawrence R. Pasternack - 2013 - Routledge.
    Throughout his career, Kant engaged with many of the fundamental questions in philosophy of religion: arguments for the existence of God, the soul, the problem of evil, and the relationship between moral belief and practice. _Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason_ is his major work on the subject. This book offers a complete and internally cohesive interpretation of _Religion_. In contrast to more reductive interpretations, as well as those that characterize _Religion_ as internally inconsistent, Lawrence R. Pasternack defends the (...)
     
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