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Lawrence J. Schneiderman [38]Lawrence Schneiderman [3]
  1.  56
    Medical Futility: Its Meaning and Ethical Implications.Lawrence J. Schneiderman, Nancy S. Jecker & Albert R. Jonsen - forthcoming - Bioethics.
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  2.  89
    Defining Medical Futility and Improving Medical Care.Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 2011 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 8 (2):123-131.
    It probably should not be surprising, in this time of soaring medical costs and proliferating technology, that an intense debate has arisen over the concept of medical futility. Should doctors be doing all the things they are doing? In particular, should they be attempting treatments that have little likelihood of achieving the goals of medicine? What are the goals of medicine? Can we agree when medical treatment fails to achieve such goals? What should the physician do and not do under (...)
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  3.  99
    Dissatisfaction with Ethics Consultations: The Anna Karenina Principle.Lawrence Schneiderman - 2006 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (1):101-106.
    In a previously published multicenter, prospective, randomized, controlled trial of more than 500 intensive care unit patients involved in conflicts over treatment decisions, ethics consultations were found to be helpful in resolving the conflicts and reducing nonbeneficial treatments. The intervention received favorable reviews by 80% of patient surrogates and more than 90% of physicians and nurses. Nevertheless, several participants in the ethics consultation process expressed dissatisfactions with the intervention. In this paper, we report our efforts to determine the factors associated (...)
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  4.  78
    Rationing Just Medical Care.Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (7):7 - 14.
    U.S. politicians and policymakers have been preoccupied with how to pay for health care. Hardly any thought has been given to what should be paid for?as though health care is a commodity that needs no examination?or what health outcomes should receive priority in a just society, i.e., rationing. I present a rationing proposal, consistent with U.S. culture and traditions, that deals not with ?health care,? the terminology used in the current debate, but with the more modest and limited topic of (...)
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  5.  70
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Irrational Exuberance: Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation as Fetish”.Philip M. Rosoff & Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (2):W1 - W3.
    The Institute of Medicine and the American Heart Association have issued a “call to action” to expand the performance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in response to out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Widespread advertising campaigns have been created to encourage more members of the lay public to undergo training in the technique of closed-chest compression-only CPR, based upon extolling the virtues of rapid initiation of resuscitation, untempered by information about the often distressing outcomes, and hailing the “improved” results when nonprofessional bystanders are involved. We (...)
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  6.  89
    Medical Futility: The Duty Not to Treat.Nancy S. Jecker & Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 1993 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2 (2):151.
    Partly because physicians can “never say never,” partly because of the seduction of modern technology, and partly out of misplaced fear of litigation, physicians have increasingly shown a tendency to undertake treatments that have no realistic expectation of success. For this reason, we have articulated common sense criteria for medical futility. If a treatment can be shown not to have worked in the last 100 cases, we propose that it be regarded as medically futile. Also, if the treatment fails to (...)
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  7. Should a Criminal Receive a Heart Transplant? Medical Justice Vs. Societal Justice.Lawrence J. Schneiderman & Nancy S. Jecker - 1996 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (1).
    Should the nation provide expensive care and scarce organs to convicted felons? We distinguish between two fields of justice: Medical Justice and Societal Justice. Although there is general acceptance within the medical profession that physicians may distribute limited treatments based solely on potential medical benefits without regard to nonmedical factors, that does not mean that society cannot impose limits based on societal factors. If a society considers the convicted felon to be a full member, then that person would be entitled (...)
     
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  8.  82
    Alternative Medicine or Alternatives to Medicine? A Physician's Perspective.Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 2000 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (1):83-97.
    Regina R. is a 12-year-old girl with recently diagnosed insulin-dependent diabetes. Before discharging her from the hospital, her family physician and consulting diabetes specialist try to instruct the girl and her parents in the appropriate program of treatment, including diet, insulin, and regular self-monitoring. However, the parents become upset when they learn what is involved in insulin treatment and inform the family physician they plan to employ the services of an alternative healing clinic that promises to cure their daughter with (...)
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  9.  69
    Commentary: Bringing Clarity to the Futility Debate: Are the Cases Wrong? Lawrence J. Schneiderman.Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 1998 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (3):273-278.
    Howard Brody expresses concern that citing the “two cases that put futility on the map,” namely Helga Wanglie and Baby K, may be providing ammunition to the opponents of the concept of medical futility. He in fact joins well-known opponents of the concept of medical futility in arguing that it is one thing for the physician to say whether a particular intervention will promote an identified goal, quite another to say whether a goal is worth pursuing. In the latter instance, (...)
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  10.  17
    Do Physicians' Own Preferences for Life-Sustaining Treatment Influence Their Perceptions of Patients' Preferences?Lawrence J. Schneiderman, Robert M. Kaplan, Robert A. Pearlman & Holly Teetzel - 1993 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 4 (1):28.
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  11.  59
    How Can Hospital Futility Policies Contribute to Establishing Standards of Practice?Lawrence J. Schneiderman & Alexander Morgan Capron - 2000 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (4):524-531.
    A few years ago a battered infant was admitted to a California hospital. After a period of observation and testing, the physicians concluded that the infant had been beaten so badly that his brain was almost completely destroyed, leaving him permanently unconscious. The hospital had just adopted a policy specifying that life-sustaining treatment for permanent unconsciousness was futile and, therefore, not indicated. According to this policy, after suitable subspecialty consultations and deliberations, including efforts to gain parental agreement and documentation of (...)
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  12.  75
    The Perils of Hope.Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (2):235-239.
    One of the most entrenched commandments in medicine is: “Never take away a patient's hope!” Often it is issued during the treatment of a terminally ill patient to spur and justify the continuation of aggressive life-prolonging efforts. Hope has been called one of a patient‘s “most powerful internal resources,” and “a powerful ally, our last defense against despair.” One editorialist confidently stated: “[C]ommunicating hope can improve patients’ prognosis.”.
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  13.  22
    The Abuse of Futility.Lawrence J. Schneiderman, Nancy S. Jecker & Albert R. Jonsen - 2018 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 60 (3):295-313.
    Two recent policy statements by providers of critical care representing the United States and Europe have rejected the concept and language of “medical futility,” on the ground that there is no universal consensus on a definition. They recommend using “potentially inappropriate” or “inappropriate” instead. As Bosslet and colleagues state: The term “potentially inappropriate” should be used, rather than futile, to describe treatments that have at least some chance of accomplishing the effect sought by the patient, but clinicians believe that competing (...)
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  14.  30
    Proactive Ethics Consultation in the ICU: A Comparison of Value Perceived by Healthcare Professionals and Recipients.Felicia Cohn, Paula Goodman-Crews, William Rudman, Lawrence J. Schneiderman & Ellen Waldman - 2007 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 18 (2):140.
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  15.  70
    Judging Medical Futility: An Ethical Analysis of Medical Power and Responsibility.Nancy S. Jecker & Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 1995 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4 (1):23.
    In situations where experience shows that a particular intervention will not benefit a patient, common sense seems to suggest that the intervention should not be used. Yet it is precisely in these situations that a peculiar ethic begins to operate, an ethic that Eddy calls “the criterion of potential benefit.” According to this ethic, “a treatment is appropriate if it might have some benefit.” Thus, the various maxims learned in medical school instruct physicians that “‘an error of commission is to (...)
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  16.  55
    Do Physicians' Own Preferences for Life-Sustaining Treatment Influence Their Perceptions of Patients' Preferences? A Second Look.Lawrence J. Schneiderman, Robert M. Kaplan, Esther Rosenberg & Holly Teetzel - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (2):131-.
    Previous studies have documented the fallibility of attempts by surrogates and physicians to act in a substituted judgment capacity and predict end-of-life treatment decisions on behalf of patients. We previously reported that physicians misperceive their patients' preferences and substitute their own preferences for those of their patients with respect to four treatments: cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the event of cardiac arrest, ventilator for an indefinite period of time, medical nutrition and hydration for an indefinite period of time, and hospitalization in the (...)
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  17.  25
    The (Alternative) Medicalization of Life.Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (2):191-197.
    The writers in this symposium are drawn together under the topic of medicine — not to discuss any new discovery in the prevention or treatment of disease. Quite the contrary. We are drawn here to consider a phenomenon. We are here to consider whether a collective romantic fantasy called alternative medicine that has seized our society really deserves the acclaim it is receiving. This, for the most part, is what people like us do when we gather in symposia or meetings (...)
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  18.  38
    The (Alternative) Medicalization of Life.Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (2):191-197.
    The writers in this symposium are drawn together under the topic of medicine — not to discuss any new discovery in the prevention or treatment of disease. Quite the contrary. We are drawn here to consider a phenomenon. We are here to consider whether a collective romantic fantasy called alternative medicine that has seized our society really deserves the acclaim it is receiving. This, for the most part, is what people like us do when we gather in symposia or meetings (...)
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  19.  27
    Cost-Effectiveness Analysis In Health Care.Danielle Dolenc Emery & Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 1989 - Hastings Center Report 19 (4):8-13.
  20.  67
    The Baby K Case: A Search for the Elusive Standard of Medical Care.Lawrence J. Schneiderman & Sharyn Manning - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (1):9-18.
    An anencephalic infant, who came to be known as Baby K, was born at Fairfax Hospial in Falls Church, Virginia, on October 13, 1992. From, the moment of birth and repeatedly thereafter, the baby's mother insisted that aggressive measures be pursued, including cardiopulmonary resuscitation and ventilator support, to keep the baby alive as long as possible. The physicians complied. However, following the baby's second admission for respiratory failure, the hospital sought declaratory relief from the court permitting it to forgo emergency (...)
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  21.  61
    Is the Treatment Beneficial, Experimental, or Futile?Lawrence J. Schneiderman & Nancy S. Jecker - 1996 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 5 (2):248.
    D.T. a 35-year-old woman, was found to have breast cancer. At the time of mastectomy axillary lymph nodes were positive and the cancer was classified as adenocarcinoma, grade 4. The patient underwent conventional chemotherapy. When it became apparent the disease was metastatic, the patient's oncologist contacted a well-known cancer center regarding the possibility of treating the patient with high dose chemotherapy and autologous bone marrow transplantation. The patient's health insurance provider informed the patient, however, that the treatment—estimated to cost in (...)
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  22.  38
    Case Studies: 'My Husband Won't Tell the Children!'.Nancy Neveloff Dubler & Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 1984 - Hastings Center Report 14 (4):26.
  23.  4
    The Perils of Hope.Lawrence Schneiderman - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (2):235-239.
    One of the most entrenched commandments in medicine is: “Never take away a patient's hope!” Often it is issued during the treatment of a terminally ill patient to spur and justify the continuation of aggressive life-prolonging efforts. Hope has been called one of a patient‘s “most powerful internal resources,” and “a powerful ally, our last defense against despair.” One editorialist confidently stated: “[C]ommunicating hope can improve patients’ prognosis.”.
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  24.  74
    Response to “Reading Futility: Reflections on a Bioethical Concept” by Donald Joralemon , The Rise and Fall of Death: The Plateau of Futility. [REVIEW]Lawrence J. Schneiderman, Holly Teetzel & Todd Gilmer - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (3):308-309.
    Researchers tracking social trends have discovered a remarkable labor-saving device called the computer. They sit down before the instrument, call up a search engine, enter a key word that they believe represents the trend, and count the number of articles aroused by that key word. They track these numbers over a period of time and even graph them. Those who dislike a certain concept are happy to report the concept's rise and fall. Such has occurred with two articles, one of (...)
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  25.  66
    The Media and the Medical Market.Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 2007 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (4):420.
    I briefly discuss three components of the media that play a role in the commercialization of medicine: advertising, television dramas, and journalism.
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  26.  39
    Still Saving the Life of Ethics.Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 1990 - Hastings Center Report 20 (6):22-24.
  27.  37
    Commentary: Weighing and Comparing Expert Testimony by Medical Ethicists.Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 2000 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (3):236-239.
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  28.  34
    In Medicine, Linking Metaphors and Numbers.Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 1984 - Hastings Center Report 14 (3):41-42.
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  29.  20
    Talking About FutilityWrong Medicine. [REVIEW]Jeremy Sugarman, Lawrence J. Schneiderman & Nancy S. Jecker - 1996 - Hastings Center Report 26 (3):41.
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  30.  28
    Commentary: Weighing and Comparing Expert Testimony by Medical Ethicists.Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 2000 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 28 (3):236-239.
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  31.  44
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Rationing Just Medical Care”.Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (10):W1 - W3.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 11, Issue 10, Page W1-W3, October 2011.
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  32.  25
    Having Babies at Home: Is It Safe? Is It Ethical?Gerard Alan Hoff & Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 1985 - Hastings Center Report 15 (6):19-27.
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  33.  29
    Ethical Issues in Psychosocial Interventions Research Involving Controls.Lawrence Schneiderman, Barton W. Palmer, Eric Granholm, Dilip V. Jeste & Elyn R. Saks - 2002 - Ethics and Behavior 12 (1):87-101.
    Psychiatric research is of critical importance in improving the care of persons with mental illness. Yet it may also raise difficult ethical issues. This article explores those issues in the context of a particular kind of research: psychosocial intervention research with control groups. We discuss 4 broad categories of ethical issues: consent, confidentiality, boundary violations, and risk-benefit issues. We believe that, despite the potential difficulties, psychosocial intervention research is vital and can be accomplished in an ethical manner. Further discussion and (...)
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  34.  16
    Distinguishing Between Effect and Benefit.Carol A. Riddick & Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 1993 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 5 (1):41-43.
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  35.  10
    In Medicine, Linking Metaphors and NumbersThe Physician's Covenant: Images of the Healer in Medical Ethics.Lawrence J. Schneiderman & William F. May - 1984 - Hastings Center Report 14 (3):41.
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  36.  17
    Is It Morally Justifiable Not to Sedate This Patient Before Ventilator Withdrawal?Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 1991 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 2 (2):129.
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  37.  62
    Ethics Committees at Work: A Different Kind of “Prisoner's Dilemma”.Lawrence J. Schneiderman, Nancy S. Jecker, Christine Rozance, Arlene Judith Klotzko & Birgit Friedl - 1995 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 4 (4):530.
  38.  52
    Miracles or Limits: What Message From the Medical Marketplace? [REVIEW]Sharyn Manning & Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 1996 - HEC Forum 8 (2):103-108.
  39.  32
    Exile and PVS.Lawrence J. Schneiderman - 1990 - Hastings Center Report 20 (3):5-5.
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  40.  29
    Case Study: The Limits of Dispute Resolution.Lawrence J. Schneiderman, Jerry E. Fein & Nancy Dubler - 2001 - Hastings Center Report 31 (6):10.
  41.  13
    Do Physicians' Own Preferences for Life-Sustaining Treatment Influence Their Perceptions of Patients' Preferences? A Second Look.Lawrence J. Schneiderman, Robert M. Kaplan, Esther Rosenberg & Holly Teetzel - 1997 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 6 (2):131-137.
    Previous studies have documented the fallibility of attempts by surrogates and physicians to act in a substituted judgment capacity and predict end-of-life treatment decisions on behalf of patients. We previously reported that physicians misperceive their patients' preferences and substitute their own preferences for those of their patients with respect to four treatments: cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the event of cardiac arrest, ventilator for an indefinite period of time, medical nutrition and hydration for an indefinite period of time, and hospitalization in the (...)
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