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Leemon McHenry
California State University, Northridge
  1.  25
    Science and the Pursuit of Wisdom: Studies in the Philosophy of Nicholas Maxwell.Leemon McHenry - 2009 - Frankfurt, Germany: Ontos Verlag.
    Nicholas Maxwell's provocative and highly-original philosophy of science urges a revolution in academic inquiry affecting all branches of learning, so that the single-minded pursuit of knowledge is replaced with the aim of helping people realize what is of value in life and make progress toward a more civilized world. This volume of essays from an international, interdisciplinary group of scholars engages Maxwell in critical evaluation and celebrates his contribution to philosophy spanning forty years. Several of the contributors, like Maxwell, took (...)
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  2.  18
    Of Sophists and Spin-Doctors: Industry-Sponsored Ghostwriting and the Crisis of Academic Medicine.Leemon McHenry - 2010 - Mens Sana Monographs 8 (1):129.
    Ghostwriting for medical journals has become a major, but largely invisible, factor contributing to the problem of credibility in academic medicine. In this paper I argue that the pharmaceutical marketing objectives and use of medical communication firms in the production of ghostwritten articles constitute a new form of sophistry. After identifying three distinct types of medical ghostwriting, I survey the known cases of ghostwriting in the literature and explain the harm done to academic medicine and to patients. Finally, I outline (...)
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  3. On the Origin of Great Ideas: Science in the Age of Big Pharma.Leemon B. McHenry - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (6):17-19.
    This case study reports an instance of SmithKline Beecham's behind-the-scenes ghostwriting a letter to the editor in a medical journal article in the name of an academic physician. In order to respond to criticism that paroxetine caused severe withdrawal effects, SmithKline Beecham's marketing department hired a PR firm to ghostwrite three separate letters to spin a favorable impression of paroxetine vs fluoxetine and published one in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.
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  4. Descriptive and Revisionary Theories of Events.Leemon B. McHenry - 1996 - Process Studies 25:90-103.
    In this essay I examine the concept of an event within the context of P. F. Strawson's distinction between descriptive and revisionary metaphysics. As opposed to the linguistic treatment of events in the descriptive approach of Strawson and Donald Davidson, I make a case for the revisionary approach of A. N. Whitehead and W. V. Quine, according to which events are basic rather than dependent on substances.
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  5.  42
    Quine and Whitehead: Ontology and Methodology.Leemon McHenry - 1997 - Process Studies 26 (1/2):2-12.
    In this essay I make a case for a number of common themes between A. N. Whitehead and W. V. Quine in their approach to ontology. Both philosophers espoused a view of metaphysics as continuous with natural science and stressed the importance of physics in the development of ontology. As a consequence of the revolutionary developments in modern physics, both Whitehead and Quine contend that events are ontologically basic, but differ on the status of properties in their respective systems.
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  6.  33
    The Multiverse Conjecture: Whitehead’s Cosmic Epochs and Contemporary Cosmology.Leemon McHenry - 2011 - Process Studies 40 (1):5-24.
    Recent developments in cosmology and particle physics have led to speculation that our universe is merely one of a multitude of universes. While this notion, the multiverse hypothesis, is highly contested as legitimate science, it has nonetheless struck many physicists as a necessary consequence of the effort to construct a final, unified theory. In Process and Reality, his magnum opus, Alfred North Whitehead advanced a cosmology as part of his general metaphysics of process. Part of this project involved a theory (...)
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  7.  32
    Quine and Whitehead on Ontological Reduction: Properties Reconsidered.Christine Holmgren & Leemon McHenry - 2012 - Process Studies 41 (2):261-286.
    W.V.O. Quine and A.N. Whitehead shared a dualistic ontology of concrete and abstract objects but differed sharply on the status of properties. In this essay, we explore Whitehead’s reasons for admitting properties into his ontology and Quine’s objections. In the course of examining Quine’s position we demonstrate some deficiencies in his position and conclude that in spite of his claims, neither space-time coordinate systems nor classes can do all the ontological work of properties.
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  8.  15
    Philosophy of Physics: Space and Time by Tim Maudlin. [REVIEW]Leemon McHenry - 2012 - Process Studies 41 (2):349-353.
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  9.  32
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Leemon Mchenry - 1994 - Mind 103 (409):108-111.
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  10.  26
    Whitehead and Bradley: A Comparative Analysis.Michael Partridge & Leemon B. McHenry - 1993 - Philosophical Quarterly 43 (173):545.
    In his magnum opus, Process and Reality, Alfred North Whitehead claims a special affinity to Oxford philosopher Francis Herbert Bradley. McHenry clarifies exactly how much of Whitehead's metaphysics is influenced by and accords with the main principles of Bradley's "absolute idealism." He argues that many of Whitehead's doctrines cannot be understood without an adequate understanding of Bradley, in terms of both affinities and contrasts. He evaluates the arguments between them and explores several important connections with William James, Josiah Royce, George (...)
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  11.  40
    Sprigge's Ontology of Consciousness.Leemon McHenry - 2010 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 67:5-20.
    Timothy Sprigge advanced an original synthesis of panpsychism and absolute idealism. He argued that consciousness is an irreducible, subjective reality that is only grasped by an introspective, phenomenological approach and constructed his ontology from what is revealed in the phenomenology. In defending the unique place of metaphysics in the pursuit of truth, he claimed that scientific investigation can never discover the essence of consciousness since it can only provide descriptions of structure and function in what we normally think of as (...)
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  12.  25
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Leemon B. Mchenry - 1996 - Mind 105 (417):108-111.
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  13.  38
    Consciousness, Reality and Value: Philosophical Essays in Honour of T. L. S. Sprigge.Leemon McHenry & Pierfrancesco Basile - 2007 - Frankfurt, Germany: Ontos Verlag.
    In this Festschrift honoring the work of Timothy L. S. Sprigge, Sprigge summarizes his philosophy (a synthesis of absolute idealism, panpsychism, and utilitarianism), defends his position against criticism raised by philosophers in the preceding chapters of this volume, and offers in an addendum a proof for the existence of the Absolute, namely, a final and all-embracing Consciousness akin in many ways to Spinoza’s God. This defense of his philosophy consists mainly of responses to various points of criticism raised about his (...)
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  14.  67
    The Ontology of the Past: Whitehead and Santayana.Leemon B. McHenry - 2000 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 14 (3):219-231.
    This essay examines the question of the ontological basis for historical propositions and contrasts the positions of A. N. Whitehead and George Santayana, i.e., presentism vs. eternalism. I argue that Whitehead's presentism is a more satisfactory solution to how propositions refer to the past.
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  15.  46
    Bradley, James, and Whitehead on Relations.Leemon B. Mchenry - 1989 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 3 (3):149 - 169.
    In this essay, I provide an exposition of F. H. Bradley's arguments against relations and then critically evaluate his view using arguments advanced by William James and A. N. Whitehead. Against Bradley, I argue for the reality of relations as concrete aspects of the temporal process.
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  16.  35
    The Philosophical Writings of Victor A. Lowe (1907-1988).Leemon B. McHenry - 1989 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 25 (3):333 - 339.
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  17.  34
    Naturalized and Pure Metaphysics: A Reply to Hutto.Leemon McHenry - 1998 - Bradley Studies 4 (1):97-101.
    There is perhaps no other branch of philosophy that has suffered as much scorn and ridicule as metaphysics. With bruised ego and much the worse for wear, it always re-emerges as methodologies become fatigued and the discussion of the central questions within exhausts itself. Even Bradley, the doyen of what was believed to be a metaphysics finished once and for all, can regain his place in the pantheon along side the likes of Plato, Descartes and Spinoza.
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  18.  23
    The Axiomatic Matrix of Whitehead’s Process and Reality.Leemon B. McHenry - 1986 - Process Studies 15 (3):172-180.
    This essay compares the fundamental metaphysical principles, the Categoreal Scheme of A. N. Whitehead's Process and Reality with the axiomatic-deductive scheme of Whitehead and Russell's Principia Mathematica to reveal the influence of mathematical logic on Whitehead's metaphysics.
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  19.  14
    Quine's Pragmatic Ontology.Leemon B. Mchenry - 1995 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 9 (2):147 - 158.
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  20. Reflections on Philosophy Introductory Essays.Frederick Adams & Leemon B. Mchenry - 1993 - New York, NY, USA: St. Martin's Press.
    In this introduction to philosophy, philosophers in their areas of specialization have produced essays written specifically for the novice. The collection includes traditional topics such as logic, metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, political philosophy, aesthetics, philosophy of religion , personal identity, and contemporary topics such as philosophy of mind and cognitive science.
     
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  21. American Philosophers, 1950-2000.Phillip Dematteis & Leemon McHenry - 2003 - Bruccoli Clark Layman.
    In this volume of the Dictionary of Literary Biography, notable philosophers of the Anglo-American tradition, analytical philosophy, are represented as well as other philosophers who made significant contributions to American philosophy in the latter half of the twentieth century.
     
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  22. American Philosophers Before 1950.Philip Breed Dematteis & Leemon B. Mchenry - 2003 - Bruccoli Clark Layman.
    In this volume of the Dictionary of Literary Biography, early philosophers of the classical period, the "golden age," are represented as well as a number of other figures whose contributions gave shape and direction to philosophy in America in the nineteenth and twentieth century.
     
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  23.  19
    Whitehead’s “Approximation” to Bradley.Lewis S. Ford & Leemon McHenry - 1993 - Idealistic Studies 23 (2/3):103-109.
  24. 1. Front Matter Front Matter.Jim Good, Jim Garrison, Leemon McHenry, Corey McCall, Susan Dunston, Zach VanderVeen, Melvin L. Rogers, James A. Dunson Iii, Mary Magada-Ward & Michael Sullivan - 2010 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 24 (2).
     
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  25. Clinical Trials and Drug Promotion.Jon Jureidini, Leemon McHenry & Peter Mansfield - 2008 - International Journal of Risk and Safety in Medicine 20:73-81.
    Selective reporting is prevalent in the medical literature, particularly in industry-sponsored research. In this paper, we expose selective reporting that is not evident without access to internal company documents. The published report of study 329 of paroxetine in adolescents sponsored by GlaxoSmithKline claims that “paroxetine is generally well tolerated and effective for major depression in adolescents”. By contrast, documents obtained during litigation reveal that study 329 was negative for efficacy on all 8 protocol specified outcomes and positive for harm.
     
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  26. Key Opinion Leaders and Pediatric Antidepressant Overprescribing.Jon Jureidini & Leemon McHenry - 2009 - Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics 78:197-201.
    The lingering controversy concerning the usefulness and safety of antidepressants for children and adolescents is likely to confuse clinicians. Recent papers perpetuate the claim that antidepressants are shown to be safe and effective in randomised controlled trials. Others claim that antidepressants have been shown to prevent suicides. In this editorial we address the manipulation of outcomes that result from academics’ alliance with industry. We explain how industry and key opinion leaders have distorted the clinician’s perception of the safety and usefulness (...)
     
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  27. The Comprehensibility of the Universe: A New Conception of Science by Nicholas Maxwell. [REVIEW]Leemon McHenry - 2000 - Mind 109 (433):162-166.
  28.  24
    A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes.Leemon B. McHenry - 1989 - Review of Metaphysics 42 (3):626-628.
    Stephen Hawking is well known for his research on general relativity and black holes. The present work is his attempt to explain his research in a form intelligible to the nonspecialist.
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  29.  12
    A Brief History of Time: From the Big Bang to Black Holes by Stephen Hawking. [REVIEW]Leemon B. McHenry - 1989 - Review of Metaphysics 42 (3):626-628.
  30.  18
    Analytical Critiques of Whitehead's Metaphysics.Leemon B. Mchenry & George W. Shields - 2016 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 2 (3):483-503.
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  31. Analytical Critiques of Whitehead's Metaphysics.Leemon McHenry & George W. Shields - 2017 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 3 (2):483-503.
    Analytic philosophers have criticized A. N. Whitehead’s metaphysics for being obscure, yet several such philosophers have espoused positions in metaphysics and philosophy of mind that were advanced by Whitehead in the 1920s. In this paper, we evaluate the merits and demerits of these criticisms by Bertrand Russell, W. V. Quine, Karl Popper and others and then demonstrate the affinities and contrasts in the positions advanced by Galen Strawson, David Chalmers, Thomas Nagel and Whitehead regarding so-called “analytic panexperientialism.”.
     
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  32. An Introduction to Bradley's Metaphysics by William Mander. [REVIEW]Leemon McHenry - 1996 - Mind 105:178-181.
  33. Alfred North Whitehead.Leemon B. McHenry - 2002 - In P. Dematteis, Leemon McHenry & Peter Fosl (eds.), British Philosophers, 1800-2000. Bruccoli Clark Layman. pp. 304-319.
    In this biographical essay, I trace the development of A. N. Whitehead's philosophy from his early work in mathematical logic, philosophy of physics and finally to metaphysics. The entry includes a bibliography and secondary sources.
     
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  34. Academic Publishing and Scientific Integrity: Case Studies of Editorial Interference by Taylor & Francis.Leemon McHenry, Bart Kahr & Mark D. Hollingsworth - 2019 - Journal of Scientific Practice and Integrity 1 (1):1-10.
    Editorial independence is a bedrock principle of academic publishing. The growing domination of academic publishing by large, for-profit corporations threatens this independence. There is alarming evidence that large companies too often serve their own business interests and those of powerful clients rather than serving the scientific community and the general public. This evidence includes the publication of infelicitous commercial science and concealing scientific misconduct. We present two case studies in which the UK-based publisher Taylor & Francis interfered in the editorial (...)
     
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  35.  38
    Against Relativism: A Philosophical Defense of Method by James Harris. [REVIEW]Leemon B. McHenry - 1994 - Review of Metaphysics 47 (3):619-621.
  36. American Values: Lessons I Learned From My Family by Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. [REVIEW]Leemon McHenry - 2020 - Journal of American Culture 23:157-159.
    The Kennedys embraced a political philosophy rooted in antiquity, one based on a domestic policy of justice and equality and a foreign policy of reason and gentle persuasion rather than force and fear. Imperialism abroad is inconsistent with democracy at home. This appears to be the foundation for John F. Kennedy’s foreign policy which also has a remarkable affinity to the lessons offered by Thucydides in the History of the Peloponnesian War and Plato in the Republic.
     
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  37. Bradley's Conception of Metaphysics.Leemon McHenry - 1996 - In William Mander (ed.), Perspectives on the Logic and Metaphysics of F H Bradley. Bristol, UK: pp. 159-175.
    This article makes a distinction between pure and naturalized metaphysics and characterized F. H. Bradley's metaphysics as the former, according to which pure reason alone independent of the natural sciences discovers the true nature of reality. Bradley's view is critically evaluated via the the naturalized views of A. N. Whitehead and W. V. Quine.
     
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  38. Blood Money: Bayer’s Inventory of HIV Contaminated Blood Products and Third World Hemophiliacs.Leemon McHenry & Mellad M. Khoshnood - 2014 - Accountability in Research 21 (1):389-400.
    This article presents an overlooked case of research misconduct and violations of basic principles of medical and business ethics. When Bayer’s Cutter Laboratories realized that their blood products, Factor VIII and IX or antihemophiliac factor (AHF), were contaminated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the financial investment in the product was considered too high to destroy the inventory. Cutter misrepresented the results of its own research and sold the contaminated AHF to overseas markets in Asia and Latin America without the precaution (...)
     
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  39. British Philosophers, 1800-2000.Philip B. Dematteis, Peter S. Fosl & Leemon McHenry - 2002 - Bruccoli Clark Layman.
    In this volume of the Dictionary of Literary Biography, notable British philosophers from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries are represented, including thinkers from the traditions of empiricism, idealism, logical positivism, and analytical philosophy.
     
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  40.  51
    Consciousness and Morality in the Philosophy of T. L. S. Sprigge.Leemon McHenry - 2010 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 24 (2):121-137.
    T. L. S. Sprigge produced an eclectic yet highly original system of metaphysics and ethics, a synthesis of panpsychism, absolute idealism, and utilitarianism, at a time in which orthodox analytical philosophy could only view this system as an anachronism of the nineteenth century. His critics claim that his philosophy has only historical interest to a small group of specialists in the relatively dormant tradition of British Idealism, that an attempt to defend his view of consciousness is a hopeless nonstarter, and (...)
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  41. Commercial Influences on the Pursuit of Wisdom.Leemon McHenry - 2007 - London Review of Education 5:131-142.
    This essay examines the effects of commercialization on education with particular focus on corporatization of academic research. This trend results from a business model of education, which I identify as profit-based inquiry. I contrast profit-based inquiry with Nicholas Maxwell's conception of wisdom-based inquiry and conclude that the business model fails to achieve enduring value and results in a promotional or ideological emphasis rather than one that stresses the importance of critical rationalism. In order to make my case for this failure, (...)
     
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  42. Challenging Medical Ghostwriting in the U.S. Courts.Leemon McHenry, Xavier Bosch & Bijan Esfandiari - 2012 - Plos Medicine 9 (1):e1001163.
    Despite growing concern about medical ghostwriting, pharmaceutical companies, universities, medical journals, and communication companies employing ghostwriters have thus far failed to adequately stem the problem. As a result, some commentators have proposed that legal remedies could be sought by patients harmed by drugs publicized in ghostwritten papers. In this Essay, we build on a recent analysis by Stern and Lemmens in PLoS Medicine to outline specific areas of legal liability.
     
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  43. Conflicted Medical Journals and the Failure of Trust.Leemon McHenry & Jon Jureidini - 2011 - Accountability in Research 18:45-54.
    Journals are failing in their obligation to ensure that research is fairly represented to their readers, and must act decisively to retract fraudulent publications. Recent case reports have exposed how marketing objectives usurped scientific testing and compromised the credibility of academic medicine. But scant attention has been given to the role that journals play in this process, especially when evidence of research fraud fails to elicit corrective measures. Our experience with The Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent (...)
     
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  44.  9
    Extension and the Theory of the Physical Universe.Leemon McHenry - 2008 - In Michel Weber (ed.), Handbook of Whiteheadian Process Thought. Frankfurt, Germany: De Gruyter. pp. 291-302.
    In this chapter I provide an elementary exposition of the development of Whitehead's view of objectivity and his theory of extension, with particular focus on explaining how macroscopic objects of ordinary perception and the whole structure of space-time arise out of the units of his ontology, namely, the actual occasions. I also review the scholarship on Whitehead's view of extension and discuss the major problems that arise in connection with the theory in his magnum opus, Process and Reality.
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  45.  29
    Events and Their Names by Jonathan Bennett. [REVIEW]Leemon B. McHenry - 1989 - Review of Metaphysics 43 (1):148-149.
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  46.  21
    From an Ontological Point of View. [REVIEW]Leemon B. Mchenry - 2004 - Review of Metaphysics 57 (3):620-621.
    The first thing to note about the present work is that it is divided into twenty short chapters, all of which contain numbered sections averaging two to three pages in length. This organization adds to the concision and clarity of the book and works well with Heil’s attempt to present ideas in an unpretentious manner. The dust jacket tells us that the book is written in an accessible, nontechnical style that is intended for nonspecialists as well as seasoned metaphysicians. But (...)
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  47.  27
    Filozofia Procesu I Jej Metafilozofia by Piotr Gutowski. [REVIEW]Leemon McHenry - 1995 - Process Studies 24:96-99.
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  48. Ghosts in the Machine: Comment on Sismondo.Leemon McHenry - 2009 - Social Studies of Science 39 (6):943-47.
    Sergio Sismondo argues that pharmaceutical industry-sponsored research and ghostwriting produce genuine knowledge and science (albeit commercial science) not different from established medical science. In this essay I critically evaluate Sismondo' view and conclude that the commercial medical science that has created the ghostwriting industry is a corruption of science and not merely science done in a new corporate mode. Serious harm to patients has resulted from misrepresented commercial biomedical research.
     
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  49.  18
    Ghost-Managed Medicine: Big Pharma’s Invisible Hands by Sergio Sismondo. [REVIEW]Leemon B. McHenry - 2019 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 29 (2):12-16.
    Ghost-Managed Medicine exposes the conspiracy to conceal all of the players in the marketing of drugs, including ghostwriters, key opinion leaders, patient advocacy organizations, contract research organizations, publication planners, and even medical journal editors and publishers. The credibility of the claims conveyed by the industry depends on the invisibility of these players.
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  50.  15
    Irrationality: An Essay on Akrasia, Self-Deception, and Self-Control.Leemon B. McHenry - 1988 - Review of Metaphysics 41 (3):628-631.
    The specific type of irrationality known as akrasia or weakness of the will has been a subject of vigorous debate ever since Plato in his Protagoras had Socrates defend the thesis that "no one willingly does wrong." Against Socrates and many contemporary thinkers on the subject, Mele attempts to vindicate akrasia as a genuine possibility. As he explores the theoretical labyrinth, his view emerges as rich in philosophic insight and experimental data from psychological research, the latter of which he uses (...)
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