Results for 'Leif Eriksen'

294 found
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  1.  22
    Confirmation, Paradox, and Logic.Leif Eriksen - 1989 - Philosophy of Science 56 (4):681-687.
    Paul Horwich has formulated a paradox which he believes to be even more virulent than the related Hempel paradox. I show that Horwich's paradox, as orginally formulated, has a purely logical solution, hence that it has no bearing on the theory of confirmation. On the other hand, it illuminates some undesirable traits of classical predicate logic. A revised formulation of the paradox is then dealt with in a way that implies a modest revision of Nicod's criterion.
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  2.  16
    Phenomenology of the Broken Body.Espen Dahl, Cassandra Falke & Thor Eirik Eriksen (eds.) - 2019 - London, UK: Routledge.
    Some fundamental aspects of the lived body only become evident when it breaks down through illness, weakness or pain. From a phenomenological point of view, various breakdowns are worth analyzing for their own sake, and discussing them also opens up overlooked dimensions of our bodily constitution. This book brings together different approaches that shed light on the phenomenology of the lived body—its normality and abnormality, health and sickness, its activity as well as its passivity. The contributors integrate phenomenological insights with (...)
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  3. The Nature of Rights.Leif Wenar - 2005 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 33 (3):223-252.
    The twentieth century saw a vigorous debate over the nature of rights. Will theorists argued that the function of rights is to allocate domains of freedom. Interest theorists portrayed rights as defenders of well-being. Each side declared its conceptual analysis to be closer to an ordinary understanding of what rights there are, and to an ordinary understand- ing of what rights do for rightholders. Neither side could win a decisive victory, and the debate ended in a standoff.
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  4.  16
    Self-Interest and Public Interest in Western Politics.Leif Lewin - 1991 - Oxford University Press.
    Although Professor Lewin is not testing existing views that, for people in politics, 'egoism rules' on deep theoretical grounds, he strongly argues that empirical facts do not support such views and thus opens a new chapter in the debate on ...
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  5. What Is Professional Integrity?Andreas Eriksen - 2015 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 9 (2):3-17.
    What is professional integrity and what makes it so important? Policies are designed to promote it and decisions are justified in its name. This paper identifies two competing conceptions of professional integrity and argues that, on their own, both are deficient. In response, this paper develops a third, interpretive view, in which professional integrity is conceived as the virtue of being good on the word of the practice. Professions ask for the public’s trust and in doing so, generate a set (...)
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  6. Property Rights and the Resource Curse.Leif Wenar - 2008 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 36 (1):2–32.
    forthcoming in Philosophy & Public Affairs [2008].
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  7.  51
    The Myth of Ownership: Taxes and Justice. [REVIEW]Leif Wenar - 2005 - Philosophical Review 114 (2):285-288.
  8.  27
    P-Curve: A Key to the File-Drawer.Uri Simonsohn, Leif D. Nelson & Joseph P. Simmons - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (2):534-547.
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  9.  19
    Getting Personal: Can Systems Medicine Integrate Scientific and Humanistic Conceptions of the Patient?Henrik Vogt, Elling Ulvestad, Thor Eirik Eriksen & Linn Getz - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):942-952.
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  10. Causation and Evidence-Based Practive - an Ontological Review.Roger Kerry, Thor Eirik Eriksen, Svein Anders Noer Lie, Stephen D. Mumford & Rani Lill Anjum - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1006-1012.
    We claim that if a complete philosophy of evidence-based practice is intended, then attention to the nature of causation in health science is necessary. We identify how health science currently conceptualises causation by the way it prioritises some research methods over others. We then show how the current understanding of what causation is serves to constrain scientific progress. An alternative account of causation is offered. This is one of dispositionalism. We claim that by understanding causation from a dispositionalist stance, many (...)
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  11.  94
    The Nature of Claim-Rights.Leif Wenar - 2013 - Ethics 123 (2):202-229.
  12.  19
    6. Space: A Useless Category for Historical Analysis?Leif Jerram - 2013 - History and Theory 52 (3):400-419.
    Much fuss has been made of the “spatial turn” in recent years, across a range of disciplines. It is hard to know if the attention has been warranted. A confusion of terms has been used—such as space, place, spatiality, location—and each has signified a cluster of often contradictory and confusing meanings. This phenomenon is common to a range of disciplines in the humanities. This means, first, that it is not always easy to recognize what is being discussed under the rubric (...)
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  13.  69
    Rights.Leif Wenar - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Rights dominate most modern understandings of what actions are proper and which institutions are just. Rights structure the forms of our governments, the contents of our laws, and the shape of morality as we perceive it. To accept a set of rights is to approve a distribution of freedom and authority, and so to endorse a certain view of what may, must, and must not be done.
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  14.  8
    Measuring Social Performance in Social Enterprises: A Global Study of Microfinance Institutions.Leif Atle Beisland, Kwame Ohene Djan, Roy Mersland & Trond Randøy - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 171 (1):51-71.
    Social enterprises in the microfinance industry need to adhere to both financial and social demands. Critics argue that there is a mission drift away from the social mission, and this has motivated the introduction of social rating agencies to strengthen the business ethics of microfinance institutions. Using a global dataset of 204 socially rated MFIs from 58 countries, we assess the factors that drive the social performance ratings of MFIs. Overall our results show that social ratings of MFIs are significantly (...)
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  15.  16
    Professional Discretion and Accountability in the Welfare State.Anders Molander, Harald Grimen & Erik Oddvar Eriksen - 2012 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (3):214-230.
    The discretionary powers of welfare state professionals are in tension with the requirements of the democratic Rechtsstaat. Extensive use of discretion can threaten the principles of the rule of law and relinquish democratic control over the implementation of laws and policies. These two tensions are in principle ineradicable. But does this also mean that they are impossible to come to grips with? Are there measures that may ease these tensions? We introduce an understanding of discretion that adds an epistemic dimension (...)
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  16.  15
    The Commercialization of the Microfinance Industry: Is There a ‘Personal Mission Drift’ Among Credit Officers?Leif Atle Beisland, Bert D’Espallier & Roy Mersland - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 158 (1):119-134.
    Recent research suggests that many microfinance institutions increasingly focus on financial performance at the expense of the social component of their dual objectives. Existing studies typically assume that capital providers and managers mainly drive this so-called mission drift. In this study, we investigate whether ‘personal mission drift’ at the credit officer level can further explain the reduced emphasis on poorer clients among microfinance institutions. We present both qualitative and quantitative evidence that more experienced credit officers tend to serve fewer vulnerable (...)
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  17. Political Liberalism: An Internal Critique.Leif Wenar - 1995 - Ethics 106 (1):32-62.
  18.  35
    Seyyed Hossein Nasr and Ziauddin Sardar on Islam and Science: Marginalization or Modernization of a Religious Tradition.Leif Stenberg - 1996 - Social Epistemology 10 (3 & 4):273 – 287.
  19.  8
    Blood Oil. A Précis.Leif Wenar - forthcoming - Philosophy and Public Issues - Filosofia E Questioni Pubbliche.
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  20.  28
    Discrimination and Learning Without Awareness: A Metholodological Survey and Evaluation.C. W. Eriksen - 1960 - Psychological Review 67 (5):279-300.
  21. Why Rawls is Not a Cosmopolitan Egalitarian.Leif Wenar - unknown
    In John Rawls’s The Law of Peoples we find unfamiliar concepts, surprising pronouncements, and what appear from a familiar Rawlsian perspective to be elementary errors in reasoning.1 Even Rawls’s most sensitive and sympathetic interpreters have registered unusually deep misgivings about the book.2 Most perplexing of all is the general character of the view that Rawls sets out to justify. For in this book Rawls, the twentieth century’s leading liberal egalitarian, advances a theory which shows no direct concern for individuals and (...)
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  22. Filosofi Og Vitenskap I Antikken Trond Berg Eriksen ; Tegninger, Finn Graff.Trond Berg Eriksen - 1983
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  23.  62
    John Rawls.Leif Wenar - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    justice as fairness envisions a society of free citizens holding equal basic rights cooperating within an egalitarian economic system. His account of political liberalism addresses the legitimate use of political power in a democracy, aiming to show how enduring unity may be achieved despite the diversity of worldviews that free institutions allow. His writings on the law of peoples extend these theories to liberal foreign policy, with the goal of imagining how a peaceful and tolerant international order might be possible.
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  24. Reparations for the Future.Leif Wenar - 2006 - Journal of Social Philosophy 37 (3):396–405.
    All of these claims for reparations have mobilized popular support, and all share a degree of intuitive plausibility. The challenge to the theorist is to judge whether and which of such demands are grounded in sound principles of political normativity, so as to be able to select out the valid claims and to measure how the urgency of these claims compares with other demands on the public agenda. The most basic question for those considering the justifications of reparations is how (...)
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  25.  8
    Hayek and Modern Liberalism.Leif Wenar - 1992 - Ethics 102 (3):663-664.
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  26. What We Owe to Distant Others.Leif Wenar - 2003 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 2 (3):283-304.
    What morality requires of us in a world of poverty and inequality depends both on what our duties are in the abstract, and on what we can do to help. T.M. Scanlon's contractualism addresses the first question. I suggest that contractualism isolates the moral factors that frame our deliberations about the extent of our obligations in situations of need. To this extent, contractualism clarifies our common-sense understanding of our duties to distant others. The second, empirical question then becomes vital. What (...)
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  27. Poverty is No Pond: Challenges For the Affluent.Leif Wenar - 2011 - In Patricia Illingworth, Thomas Pogge & Leif Wenar (eds.), Giving Well: The Ethics of Philanthropy. Oup Usa. pp. 104--132.
     
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  28.  68
    Use of a Delayed Signal to Stop a Visual Reaction-Time Response.Joseph S. Lappin & Charles W. Eriksen - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (6):805.
  29.  86
    Rights and What We Owe to Each Other.Leif Wenar - 2013 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (4):375-399.
  30.  19
    Operationism and the Concept of Perception.Wendell R. Garner, Harold W. Hake & Charles W. Eriksen - 1956 - Psychological Review 63 (3):149-159.
  31. Accountability in International Development Aid.Leif Wenar - 2006 - Ethics and International Affairs 20 (1):1-23.
    Concerns over aid effectiveness have led to calls for greater accountability in international development aid. This article examines the state of accountability within and between international development agencies: aid NGOs, international financial institutions, and government aid ministries.
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  32.  34
    Human Rights and Equality in the Work of David Miller.Leif Wenar - 2008 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 11 (4):401-411.
  33.  50
    Clean Trade in Natural Resources.Leif Wenar - 2011 - Ethics and International Affairs 25 (1):27-39.
    The resource curse impedes core interests of importing states, while the policies of these states drive the resource curse. These policies violate importing states' existing international commitments.
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  34. Realistic Reform of International Trade in Resources.Leif Wenar - 2010 - In Alison M. Jaggar (ed.), Thomas Pogge and His Critics. Polity.
  35. Responsibility and Severe Poverty.Leif Wenar - 2007 - In Thomas Pogge (ed.), Freedom From Poverty as a Human Right: Who Owes What to the Very Poor? Co-Published with Unesco. Oxford University Press.
  36.  61
    Causation in Evidence-Based Medicine: In Reply to Strand and Parkkinen.Roger Kerry, Thor E. Eriksen, Svein A. Noer Lie, Stephen Mumford & Rani L. Anjum - 2014 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (6):985-987.
    Strand and Parkkinen criticize our dispositional account of causation in evidence‐based medicine for failing to provide a proper epistemology of causal knowledge. In particular, they claim that we do not explain how causal inferences should be drawn. In response, we point out that dispositionalism does indeed have an account of the epistemology of causation, including counterfactual dependence, intervention, prediction and clinical decision. Furthermore, we argue that this is an epistemology that fits better with the known fallibility of even our best‐informed (...)
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  37.  38
    The Concept of Property and the Takings Clause.Leif Wenar - unknown
    Leif Wenar examines the impact on takings scholarship of the redefinition of "property" early in the twentieth century. He argues that the Hohfeldian characterization of property as rights (instead of as tangible things) forced major scholars such as Michelman, Sax, and Epstein into extreme interpretations of the Takings Clause. This extremism is unnecessary, however, since the original objections to the idea that "property is things" are mistaken.
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  38.  8
    Cybernetics and the Human Sciences.Stefanos Geroulanos & Leif Weatherby - 2020 - History of the Human Sciences 33 (1):3-11.
    Cybernetics saturates the humanities. Norbert Wiener’s movement gave vocabulary and hardware to developments all across the early digital era, and still does so today to those who seek to interpret it. Even while the Macy Conferences were still taking place in the early 1950s, talk of feedback and information and pattern had spread to popular culture – and to Europe. The new science created a shared language and culture for surpassing political and intellectual ideas that could be relegated to a (...)
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  39.  47
    Mindless Coping in Competitive Sport: Some Implications and Consequences.J.⊘Rgen W. Eriksen - 2010 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 4 (1):66 – 86.
    The aim of this paper is to elaborate on the phenomenological approach to expertise as proposed by Dreyfus and Dreyfus and to give an account of the extent to which their approach may contribute to a better understanding of how athletes may use their cognitive capacities during high-level skill execution. Dreyfus and Dreyfus's non-representational view of experience-based expertise implies that, given enough relevant experience, the skill learner, when expert, will respond intuitively to immediate situations with no recourse to deliberate actions (...)
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  40. Reply to Leif Wenar.T. M. Scanlon - 2013 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (4):400-405.
  41.  46
    Contractualism and Global Economic Justice.Leif Wenar - 2001 - Metaphilosophy 32 (1-2):79-94.
  42. At the Borders of Medical Reasoning: Aetiological and Ontological Challenges of Medically Unexplained Symptoms.Thor Eirik Eriksen, Roger Kerry, Stephen Mumford, Svein Anders Noer Lie & Rani Lill Anjum - 2013 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 8:11.
    Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) remain recalcitrant to the medical profession, proving less suitable for homogenic treatment with respect to their aetiology, taxonomy and diagnosis. While the majority of existing medical research methods are designed for large scale population data and sufficiently homogenous groups, MUS are characterised by their heterogenic and complex nature. As a result, MUS seem to resist medical scrutiny in a way that other conditions do not. This paper approaches the problem of MUS from a philosophical point of (...)
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  43. Epistemic Rights and Legal Rights.Leif Wenar - 2003 - Analysis 63 (2):142–146.
    A Northern Ireland politician declared not long ago that the British people had a right not to believe the IRA’s latest statement on disarmament. Therefore, he said, the British government had no right to allow the IRA further representation at the talks. Rights assertions like these are quite common in everyday talk, even if pronouncements linking epistemic and legal rights are less so.
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  44. The Unity of Rawls’s Work.Leif Wenar - 2004 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 1 (3):265-275.
    This article presents a unifying interpretation of Rawls’s major works. The interpretation emphasizes the parallels in Rawls’s theories of justice and legitimacy for domestic and global institutions.
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  45.  15
    Some Temporal Characteristics of Visual Pattern Perception.Charles W. Eriksen & James F. Collins - 1967 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 74 (4, Pt.1):476-484.
  46.  17
    An Electromyographic Examination of Response Competition.Charles W. Eriksen, Michael G. H. Coles, L. R. Morris & William P. O’Hara - 1985 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (3):165-168.
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  47.  18
    The Supply Side of Love.Leif Wenar - 2017 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 94 (3):749-754.
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  48.  4
    Metacognitive Therapy for Depression: A 3-Year Follow-Up Study Assessing Recovery, Relapse, Work Force Participation, and Quality of Life.Stian Solem, Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair, Roger Hagen, Audun Havnen, Hans M. Nordahl, Adrian Wells & Odin Hjemdal - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  49.  14
    Letter-Sound Knowledge: Exploring Gender Differences in Children When They Start School Regarding Knowledge of Large Letters, Small Letters, Sound Large Letters, and Sound Small Letters.Hermundur Sigmundsson, Adrian D. Eriksen, Greta Storm Ofteland & Monika Haga - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  50. The Analysis of Rights.Leif Wenar - 2008 - In Matthew H. Kramer (ed.), The Legacy of H.L.A. Hart: Legal, Political, and Moral Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
     
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