Results for 'Leigh Humphries'

831 found
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  1.  40
    Universal Sets for Pointsets Properly on the N Th Level of the Projective Hierarchy.Greg Hjorth, Leigh Humphries & Arnold W. Miller - 2013 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 78 (1):237-244.
    The Axiom of Projective Determinacy implies the existence of a universal $\utilde{\Pi}^{1}_{n}\setminus\utilde{\Delta}^{1}_{n}$ set for every $n \geq 1$. Assuming $\text{\upshape MA}(\aleph_{1})+\aleph_{1}=\aleph_{1}^{\mathbb{L}}$ there exists a universal $\utilde{\Pi}^{1}_{1}\setminus\utilde{\Delta}^{1}_{1}$ set. In ZFC there is a universal $\utilde{\Pi}^{0}_{\alpha}\setminus\utilde{\Delta}^{0}_{\alpha}$ set for every $\alpha$.
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  2.  16
    Derek Humphry Discusses Death with Dignity with Thomasine Kushner.D. Humphry - 1992 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 2 (1):57-61.
  3.  5
    Rousseau & the Eighteenth Century Essays in Memory of R. A. Leigh.Marian Hobson, J. T. A. Leigh & Robert Wokler - 1992
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  4.  2
    Towards Moral Machines: A Discussion with Michael Anderson and Susan Leigh Anderson.Michael Anderson, Susan Leigh Anderson, Alkis Gounaris & George Kosteletos - 2021 - Conatus 6 (1).
    At the turn of the 21st century, Susan Leigh Anderson and Michael Anderson conceived and introduced the Machine Ethics research program, that aimed to highlight the requirements under which autonomous artificial intelligence systems could demonstrate ethical behavior guided by moral values, and at the same time to show that these values, as well as ethics in general, can be representable and computable. Today, the interaction between humans and AI entities is already part of our everyday lives; in the near (...)
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  5.  12
    Public Opinion on Cognitive Enhancement Varies Across Different Situations.Claire T. Dinh, Stacey Humphries & Anjan Chatterjee - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 11 (4):224-237.
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  6.  78
    The Philosophy of W. V. Quine.Barbara Humphries - 1989 - Philosophical Review 98 (2):242-247.
  7. Agent-Based Computational Economics: A Constructive Approach to Economic Theory.Leigh Tesfatsion - 2006 - In Leigh Tesfatsion & Kenneth L. Judd (eds.), Handbook of Computational Economics, Volume 2: Agent-Based Computational Economics. Elsevier.
    Economies are complicated systems encompassing micro behaviors, interaction patterns, and global regularities. Whether partial or general in scope, studies of economic systems must consider how to handle difficult real-world aspects such as asymmetric information, imperfect competition, strategic interaction, collective learning, and the possibility of multiple equilibria. Recent advances in analytical and computational tools are permitting new approaches to the quantitative study of these aspects. One such approach is Agent-based Computational Economics (ACE), the computational study of economic processes modeled as dynamic (...)
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  8. Machine Ethics.Michael Anderson & Susan Leigh Anderson (eds.) - 2011 - Cambridge Univ. Press.
    The essays in this volume represent the first steps by philosophers and artificial intelligence researchers toward explaining why it is necessary to add an ...
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  9.  20
    Introduction to the Special Issue: Applied Critical Realism in the Social Sciences.Leigh Price & Lee Martin - 2018 - Journal of Critical Realism 17 (2):89-96.
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  10. Viciousness and the Structure of Reality.Ricki Leigh Bliss - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 166 (2):399-418.
    Given the centrality of arguments from vicious infinite regress to our philosophical reasoning, it is little wonder that they should also appear on the catalogue of arguments offered in defense of theses that pertain to the fundamental structure of reality. In particular, the metaphysical foundationalist will argue that, on pain of vicious infinite regress, there must be something fundamental. But why think that infinite regresses of grounds are vicious? I explore existing proposed accounts of viciousness cast in terms of contradictions, (...)
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  11.  46
    Social Change. With Respect to Culture and Original Nature.Robert D. Leigh - 1923 - Journal of Philosophy 20 (19):526-529.
  12. Symposium: Are Certain Knowledge Frameworks More Congenial to the Aims of Cross-Cultural Philosophy?Leigh Jenco, Steve Fuller, David H. Kim, Thaddeus Metz & Miljana Milojevic - 2017 - Journal of World Philosophies 2 (2):99-107.
    In “Global Knowledge Frameworks and the Tasks of Cross-Cultural Philosophy,” Leigh Jenco searches for the conception of knowledge that best justifies the judgment that one can learn from non-local traditions of philosophy. Jenco considers four conceptions of knowledge, namely, in catchwords, the esoteric, Enlightenment, hermeneutic, and self- transformative conceptions of knowledge, and she defends the latter as more plausible than the former three. In this critical discussion of Jenco’s article, I provide reason to doubt the self-transformative conception, and also (...)
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  13.  7
    Introduction to the Special Issue: Normativity.Leigh Price - 2019 - Journal of Critical Realism 18 (3):221-238.
    Volume 18, Issue 3, June 2019, Page 221-238.
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  14.  31
    Critical Realist Versus Mainstream Interdisciplinarity.Leigh Price - 2014 - Journal of Critical Realism 13 (1):52-76.
    In this paper I argue for the superiority of a critical realist understanding of interdisciplinarity over a mainstream understanding of it. I begin by exploring the reasons for the failure of mainstream researchers to achieve interdisciplinarity. My main argument is that mainstream interdisciplinary researchers tend to hypostatize facts, fetishize constant conjunctions of events and apply to open systems an epistemology designed for closed systems. I also explain how mainstream interdisciplinarity supports oppression and gross inequality. I argue that mainstream interdisciplinarity is (...)
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  15.  34
    God and Human Freedom.Leigh C. Vicens & Simon Kittle - 2019 - Cambridge University Press.
    This Element considers the relationship between the traditional view of God as all-powerful, all-knowing and wholly good on the one hand, and the idea of human free will on the other. It focuses on the potential threats to human free will arising from two divine attributes: God's exhaustive foreknowledge and God's providential control of creation.
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  16.  9
    The Possibility of Deep Naturalism: A Philosophy for Ecology.Leigh Price - 2019 - Journal of Critical Realism 18 (4):352-367.
    ABSTRACTThis article presents a philosophy of science for ecology – deep naturalism – based on Roy Bhaskar’s transcendental realism. It includes a model of the emergence of ecosystems, analogous to...
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  17.  13
    Revisiting Leigh Van Valen’s “A New Evolutionary Law”.Ricard Solé - 2022 - Biological Theory 17 (2):120-125.
    Leigh Van Valen was an American evolutionary biologist who made major contributions to evolutionary theory. He is particularly remembered for his groundbreaking paper “A New Evolutionary Law” where he provided evidence from fossil record data that the probability of extinction within any group remains essentially constant through time. In order to explain such an unexpected result, Van Valen formulated a very influential idea that he dubbed the “Red Queen hypothesis.” It states that the constant decay must be a consequence (...)
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  18.  20
    Attitudes Toward Cognitive Enhancement: The Role of Metaphor and Context.Erin C. Conrad, Stacey Humphries & Anjan Chatterjee - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (1):35-47.
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  19.  18
    Fugitive Practices: Learning in a Settler Colony.Leigh Patel - 2019 - Educational Studies 55 (3):253-261.
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  20.  6
    Decolonizing Educational Research: From Ownership to Answerability.Leigh Patel - 2015 - Routledge.
    _Decolonizing Educational Research_ examines the ways through which coloniality manifests in contexts of knowledge and meaning making, specifically within educational research and formal schooling. Purposefully situated beyond popular deconstructionist theory and anthropocentric perspectives, the book investigates the longstanding traditions of oppression, racism, and white supremacy that are systemically reseated and reinforced by learning and social interaction. Through these meaningful explorations into the unfixed and often interrupted narratives of culture, history, place, and identity, a bold, timely, and hopeful vision emerges to (...)
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  21. Employer’s Use of Social Networking Sites: A Socially Irresponsible Practice. [REVIEW]Leigh A. Clark & Sherry J. Roberts - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 95 (4):507 - 525.
    The Internet has drastically changed how people interact, communicate, conduct business, seek jobs, find partners, and shop. Millions of people are using social networking sites to connect with others, and employers are using these sites as a source of background information on jobapplicants.Employers report making decisions not to hire people based on the information posted on social networking sites. Few employers have policies in place to govern when and how these online character checks should be used and how to ensure (...)
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  22.  35
    Wellbeing Research and Policy in the U.K.: Questionable Science Likely to Entrench Inequality.Leigh Price - 2017 - Journal of Critical Realism 16 (5):451-467.
    There are grave issues with how the U.K. government approaches the issue of wellbeing. Specifically, policy interventions that might improve the material conditions of citizens are being down-played, and at times out-rightly dismissed. Instead, an individualist, instrumental message is being promoted, namely, that the best way to improve wellbeing is by improving individual happiness and mental health. I argue that this instrumental message – which in practice blames the victims for their lack of happiness and removes state responsibility – can (...)
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  23.  90
    Handbook of Computational Economics, Volume 2: Agent-Based Computational Economics.Leigh Tesfatsion & Kenneth L. Judd (eds.) - 2006 - Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Elsevier.
    The explosive growth in computational power over the past several decades offers new tools and opportunities for economists. This handbook volume surveys recent research on Agent-based Computational Economics (ACE), the computational study of economic processes modeled as open-ended dynamic systems of interacting agents. Empirical referents for “agents” in ACE models can range from individuals or social groups with learning capabilities to physical world features with no cognitive function. Topics covered include: learning; empirical validation; network economics; social dynamics; financial markets; innovation (...)
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  24.  11
    Humphry Davy and the Gunpowder Manufactory.J. Z. Fullmer - 1964 - Annals of Science 20 (3):165-194.
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  25.  13
    Humphry Davy. [REVIEW]C. A. Russell - 1968 - British Journal for the History of Science 4 (1):77-78.
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  26.  82
    Music and Humanism: An Essay in the Aesthetics of Music.Carl Humphries - 2002 - Mind 111 (442):482-487.
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  27.  10
    Humphry Davy—An Alleged Case of Suppressed Publication.Maurice Crosland - 1973 - British Journal for the History of Science 6 (3):304-310.
    In a letter found not long ago in the Institute of Electrical Engineers and recently republished in the new edition of Faraday's correspondence, certain allegations are made about difficulties experienced by Humphry Davy in getting his work published in Napoleonic France. These allegations have been repeated in the standard Davy bibliography and are believed by at least one other Davy scholar known to the author. A new biography of Faraday makes much of this supposed incident and suggests a comparison with (...)
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  28.  10
    A Return to Common-Sense: Why Ecology Needs Transcendental Realism.Leigh Price - 2019 - Journal of Critical Realism 18 (1):31-44.
    ABSTRACTEmpirical realist ecologists, such as C. S. Holling, face significant methodological contradictions; for instance, they must cope with the problem that ecological models and theories of climate change, resilience and succession cannot make predictions in open systems. Generally, they respond to this problem by supplementing their empirical realism with transcendental idealism: they therefore say that their models are simply metaphorical or heuristic, that is, 'not true' in that they are not empirical. Thus, they explicitly deny an ontology for what their (...)
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  29. Mrs Humphry Ward and the Theological Novel.Herbert L. Stewart - 1919 - Hibbert Journal 18:675.
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  30. Ways of Knowing in Times of Destabilization.Leigh Patel - 2020 - Philosophy of Education 76 (4):1-9.
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  31. A Dissertation on the Duty of Mercy and Sin of Cruelty to Brute Animals.Humphry Primatt - 1713 - In Aaron Garrett, Richard Dean, Humphrey Primatt, John Oswald & Thomas Young (eds.), Animal Rights and Souls in the Eighteenth Century. Thoemmes Press.
     
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  32.  8
    Prestidigitation Vs. Public Trust: Or How We Can Learn to Change the Conversation and Prevent Powers From “Organizing the Discontent”.Leigh Rich - 2017 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 14 (1):1-6.
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  33. Hume’s Two Causalities and Social Policy: Moon Rocks, Transfactuality, and the UK’s Policy on School Absenteeism.Leigh Price - 2014 - Journal of Critical Realism 13 (4):385-398.
    Hume maintained that, philosophically speaking, there is no difference between exiting a room out of the first-floor window and using the door. Nevertheless, Hume’s reason and common sense prevailed over his scepticism and he advocated that we should always use the door. However, we are currently living in a world that is more seriously committed to the Humean philosophy of empiricism than he was himself and thus the potential to act inappropriately is an ever-present potential. In this paper, I explore (...)
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  34. Norm-Based Governance for a New Era: Lessons From Climate Change and COVID-19.Leigh Raymond, Daniel Kelly & Erin Hennes - 2021 - Perspectives on Politics 1:1-14.
    The world has surpassed three million deaths from COVID-19, and faces potentially catastrophic tipping points in the global climate system. Despite the urgency, governments have struggled to address either problem. In this paper, we argue that COVID-19 and anthropogenic climate change (ACC) are critical examples of an emerging type of governance challenge: severe collective action problems that require significant individual behavior change under conditions of hyper- partisanship and scientific misinformation. Building on foundational political science work demonstrating the potential for norms (...)
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  35. Humphry Davy. Science & Power.David Knight & Marco Ciardi - 1995 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17 (2):337.
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  36. Providing More Reasons for Individuals to Register as Organ Donors.J. D. Macey Leigh Henderson - forthcoming - Journal of Clinical Ethics.
     
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  37.  92
    Morality is in the Eye of the Beholder: The Neurocognitive Basis of the “Anomalous-is-Bad” Stereotype.Clifford Workman, Stacey Humphries, Franziska Hartung, Geoffrey K. Aguirre, Joseph W. Kable & Anjan Chatterjee - 2021 - Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 999 (999):1-15.
    Are people with flawed faces regarded as having flawed moral characters? An “anomalous-is-bad” stereotype is hypothesized to facilitate negative biases against people with facial anomalies (e.g., scars), but whether and how these biases affect behavior and brain functioning remain open questions. We examined responses to anomalous faces in the brain (using a visual oddball paradigm), behavior (in economic games), and attitudes. At the level of the brain, the amygdala demonstrated a specific neural response to anomalous faces—sensitive to disgust and a (...)
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  38.  12
    Employer’s Use of Social Networking Sites: A Socially Irresponsible Practice.Leigh A. Clark & Sherry J. Roberts - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 95 (4):507-525.
    The Internet has drastically changed how people interact, communicate, conduct business, seek jobs, find partners, and shop. Millions of people are using social networking sites to connect with others, and employers are using these sites as a source of background information on job applicants. Employers report making decisions not to hire people based on the information posted on social networking sites. Few employers have policies in place to govern when and how these online character checks should be used and how (...)
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  39.  78
    Theological Determinism.Leigh Vicens - 2014 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Theological Determinism Theological determinism is the view that God determines every event that occurs in the history of the world. While there is much debate about which prominent historical figures were theological determinists, St. Augustine, Thomas Aquinas, John Calvin, and Gottfried Leibniz all seemed to espouse the view at least at certain points in their … Continue reading Theological Determinism →.
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  40.  6
    Sin and the Faces of Responsibility.Leigh Vicens - 2022 - In John Allan Knight & Ian Markham (eds.), The Craft of Innovative Theology: Argument and Process. pp. 99-113.
  41.  19
    Humphry Davy's Contribution to the Introduction of Anesthesia: A New Perspective.Norman A. Bergman - 1990 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 34 (4):534-541.
  42.  46
    Zones of Consensus and Zones of Conflict: Questioning the "Common Morality" Presumption in Bioethics.Leigh Turner - 2003 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 13 (3):193-218.
    : Many bioethicists assume that morality is in a state of wide reflective equilibrium. According to this model of moral deliberation, public policymaking can build upon a core common morality that is pretheoretical and provides a basis for practical reasoning. Proponents of the common morality approach to moral deliberation make three assumptions that deserve to be viewed with skepticism. First, they commonly assume that there is a universal, transhistorical common morality that can serve as a normative baseline for judging various (...)
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  43.  5
    Truth is Simple.Leon Horsten & Graham E. Leigh - 2016 - Mind:fzv184.
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  44.  65
    Religiousness and Business Ethics.Ellen J. Kennedy & Leigh Lawton - 1998 - Journal of Business Ethics 17 (2):163-175.
    There is strong theoretical support for a relationship between various characteristics of religiousness and attitudes towards business ethics. This paper examines three frequently- studied dimensions of religiousness (fundamentalism, conservatism, and intrinsic religiousness) and their ability to predict students' willingness to behave unethically. Because prior research indicated a possible relationship between the religious affiliation of an institution and its members' ethical orientation, we studied students at universities with three different types of religious affiliation: evangelical, Catholic, and none.Results of the study lend (...)
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  45. Objective Probabilities of Free Choice.Leigh Vicens - 2016 - Res Philosophica 93 (1):125-135.
    Many proponents of libertarian freedom assume that the free choices we might make have particular objective probabilities of occurring. In this paper, I examine two common motivations for positing such probabilities: first, to account for the phenomenal character of decision-making, in which our reasons seem to have particular strengths to incline us to act, and second, to naturalize the role of reasons in influencing our decisions, such that they have a place in the causal order as we know it. I (...)
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  46.  25
    Amplifying a Relational Ethic: A Contribution to PRME Praxis.Amy Klemm Verbos & Maria Humphries - 2015 - Business and Society Review 120 (1):23-56.
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  47.  23
    Gödel's Proof and the Liar Paradox.Jill Humphries - 1979 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 20 (3):535-544.
  48.  88
    Truth is Simple.Leon Horsten & Graham E. Leigh - 2017 - Mind 126 (501):195-232.
    Even though disquotationalism is not correct as it is usually formulated, a deep insight lies behind it. Specifically, it can be argued that, modulo implicit commitment to reflection principles, all there is to the notion of truth is given by a simple, natural collection of truth-biconditionals.
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  49.  22
    Rolfe Humphries , "The Way Things Are: The" De Rerum Natura "of Titus Lucretius Carus". [REVIEW]Lenn Evan Goodman - 1970 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 8 (3):338.
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  50.  6
    Prestidigitation Vs. Public Trust: Or How We Can Learn to Change the Conversation and Prevent Powers From “Organizing the Discontent”.Leigh Rich - 2017 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 14 (1):1-6.
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