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  1. The Philosophical Theology of St. Thomas Aquinas.Leo J. ELDERS - 1990 - E.J. Brill.
    INTRODUCTION Philosophical theology is the systematic inquiry about God's existence and being. We find it in Aristotle's Metaphysics, in Cicero's De natura ...
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  2.  66
    St. Thomas Aquinas’s Commentary on Aristotle’s Physics.Leo J. Elders - 2013 - Review of Metaphysics 66 (4):713-748.
    The Physics is a most remarkable work, and profoundly influenced Medieval Philosophers. Thomas Aquinas wrote a detailed, impressive commentary. This essay studies in particular the composition of the Physics as Thomas saw it, his thorough study of Aristotle’s way of arguing and the important distinction he made between disputative arguments, which are only partially true, and arguments which determine the truth. Aristotle frequently uses proofs which are wrong when one considers the proper nature of bodies, but possible considering their common (...)
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  3.  54
    The Metaphysics of Being of St. Thomas Aquinas in a Historical Perspective.Leo J. Elders (ed.) - 1992 - E.J. Brill.
    Finally the causes of being are considered. The work also introduces and surveys the extensive literature of Thomas interpretation of the past 50 years.
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  4. The Review of Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (3):720-720.
    In the past fifty years a number of studies on Aristotle’s biology have appeared in English. The proceedings of a symposium held in Germany are a welcome contribution to our knowledge of Aristotle’s work in this field.
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  5.  24
    The Continuous and the Discrete: Ancient Physical Theories From a Contemporary Perspective.Leo J. Elders - 1994 - Review of Metaphysics 47 (3):648-649.
    White presents an analysis of three ancient conceptions of spatial magnitude, time, and motion, namely, Aristotle's, the Stoics', and the quantum views. The greater part of the book deals with Aristotle, according to whom one cannot get magnitude from points. The alleged mistakes in his theory of motion melt away if one agrees with his ontology. In the second chapter White discusses Aristotle's conception of time and "a time". Despite the lack of adequate mathematical tools Aristotle had an amazing intuitive (...)
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  6.  14
    Essays on the Philosophy of Socrates.Leo J. Elders - 1994 - Review of Metaphysics 47 (3):603-603.
    The sixteen essays of this book attempt to make recent scholarly conclusions on Socrates readily available. In his introduction the editor gives a survey of the Socratic problem. The next essay examines the precise meaning of the charges leveled against Socrates; not accepting the traditional gods comes foremost. Charles H. Kahn argues in favor of moving the Laches, Charmides, Lysis and Euthrypho from their traditional place before the Gorgias to the group of later dialogues because of their Platonic content--J. Beversluis (...)
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  7.  24
    Aristoteles.Leo J. Elders - 1986 - Review of Metaphysics 39 (3):586-587.
    With commendable zeal Horst Seidl has made a German translation of the integral text of the Posterior Analytics, a treatise which has exercised a considerable influence, not only in classical antiquity and the Middle Ages, but also in the modern period. As William Wallace has shown even Galileo, a scientist, owes a great deal to Aristotle's theory of science.
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  8.  29
    Aristotle and Contemporary Science, Volume 2.Leo J. Elders - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (3):650-651.
    David Bostock revisits Aristotle’s theory of matter which was already discussed in some papers of volume 1. He warns the reader that Aristotle would have been surprised by the explanations some propose of his doctrine. Prime matter is, in the first place, the stuff the four elements are made of ; the elements function in their turn as matter for still higher things. Bostock believes that there are several ultimate kinds of matter which cannot change into one another. The atoms (...)
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  9. Aristotle and Contemporary Science, Volume 1. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (3):649-649.
    In 1997 an international conference on Aristotle and modern science took place in Thessaloniki. Aristotle’s view of nature—his criticism of the atomists, on the one hand, and modern science, on the other—seem to be widely opposed, but in recent years science has changed so much that scientists resort to certain basic notions of Aristotle’s natural philosophy to underpin their theories and make material nature more intelligible. In a first paper Hilary Putnam argues against Victor Gaston that Aristotle’s theory of cognition (...)
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  10.  23
    Aristotle’s De Interpretatione. Contradiction and Dialectic.Leo J. Elders - 1998 - Review of Metaphysics 52 (2):496-497.
    In his detailed and well-argued study of the De interpretatione, Whitaker shows that the treatise is a coherent whole and is closely linked to the Topics and the Sophistici Elenchi, rather than to the Categories and the Prior Analytics as tradition has it. Convinced of the dialectical character of the book he rejects the title as spurious. It should be περὶ ἀντιφάσεως. In the first chapter Whitaker defends the reading πρώτων in 16a8 and explains that falsehood is stating as one (...)
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  11.  23
    Aristotle’s Economic Thought.Leo J. Elders - 1997 - Review of Metaphysics 51 (2):433-434.
    This is a delightful book which tries to solve the puzzle of Nicomachean Ethics 5.5: did Aristotle make a contribution to economic theory or are his statements without significance? Meikle argues that what Aristotle does in this chapter is analyze a property of things, namely their exchange value. Such things as houses, horses, beds are not really commensurable, but the degree to which people need them is. Their value in money is the conventional representation of this need. However, Aristotle has (...)
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  12.  8
    Aristotle’s Logic of Education. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (2):416-416.
    In the introductory first chapter the author states his conviction that Aristotle’s theory of learning, at the center of which stands the apodeictic syllogism, is inadequate because partial. Chapter 2 is a balanced survey of Aristotle’s syllogistic, which does not serve the purpose of discovery, but is intended to turn into science knowledge already acquired. All learning proceeds from preexisting knowledge which is structured by demonstration. Next Bauman turns to Plato’s theory of learning as present in the Meno: learning is (...)
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  13.  2
    Aristotle's Modal Logic: Essence and Entailment in the Organon. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 1997 - Review of Metaphysics 50 (4):915-915.
    Quite a number of contemporary students of logic tend to consider Aristotle's logic mainly from a formal point of view. Richard Patterson, on the other hand, attempts to show that Aristotle's system of logic as well as his modal logic must be studied in the light of his fundamental theory of syntax and his metaphysics. Even if all of Aristotle's modal logic has not been accepted in the West, the ideas underpinning it are those of his syllogistic logic. Patterson observes (...)
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  14.  30
    Alexander of Aphrodisias. On Aristotle’s Prior Analytics 1.8–13.Leo J. Elders - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):902-902.
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  15.  33
    Aristotle on the Many Senses of Priority.Leo J. Elders - 1990 - Review of Metaphysics 44 (1):134-135.
    A study of Aristotle's use of the "prior" and the "posterior" is most welcome, since it is likely to shed some light on his position with regard to Platonism. Nicomachean Ethics 1096a17-19 intimates that in Plato's view the pair "prior and posterior" belongs to the world of becoming and mutually dependent things. Cleary believes that its use by Aristotle is closely related to the latter's philosophical development. He hopes to discover, in the course of his study, the original set of (...)
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  16.  1
    Aristotle on the Necessity of Public Education. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (3):642-642.
    In academic circles, Aristotle’s Politics languished in the shadow cast by Plato’s Republic, book 8 was even believed by some to be uncharacteristic of Aristotle’s thought. Professor Curren makes it the central theme of his study, as he hopes to find in it arguments in defense of public education. It is not difficult to argue that according to Aristotle good public life is not possible without the right kind of public education. However it is an entirely different story to transpose (...)
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  17.  22
    A Thomistic Tapestry. Essays in Memory of Étienne Gilson.Leo J. Elders - 2004 - Review of Metaphysics 58 (1):187-188.
    The editor explains that special studies in philosophy honoring Étienne Gilson are long overdue. Gilson was not only one of the greatest historians of philosophy of the twentieth century but also a leading philosopher. Gilson exposed the myth that Descartes developed an altogether new way of thinking, refuted the belief that philosophy came to an end with the last of the ancient pagan thinkers, and made a strong stand against skepticism. Professor Redpath plans to publish a series in order to (...)
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  18.  29
    Boss, Gilbert, Ed. La Philosophie Et Son Histoire. Essais Et Discussions.Leo J. Elders - 1996 - Review of Metaphysics 50 (2):390-391.
  19.  21
    Bowlin, John. Contingency and Fortune in Aquinas’s Ethics.Leo J. Elders - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):905-906.
  20.  12
    Bastit, Michel. La Substance: Essai Métaphysique.Leo J. Elders - 2012 - Review of Metaphysics 66 (2):354-355.
  21.  14
    Bauman, Richard W. Aristotle’s Logic of Education.Leo J. Elders - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (2):416-417.
  22.  12
    Beiträge Zu Aristoteles' Erkenntnislehre Und Metaphysik.Leo J. Elders - 1986 - Review of Metaphysics 39 (3):586-586.
    Horst Seidl of the University of Nijmegen has written an unusual book. It consists of a series of critical reviews of publications by other scholars concerning Aristotle's logic, epistemology and metaphysics. The author's approach is not merely historical and critical: a philosopher must reach definite, objective truth. He reminds the reader that this is a difficult enterprise: too often Aristotle's works have been interpreted from the viewpoint of particular theories. Seidl's study is a defense of Aristotle's doctrines and methods such (...)
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  23. Contingency and Fortune in Aquinas’s Ethics. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):905-905.
    In the introduction to this important study Bowlin draws attention to the fact that contemporary students of ethics often resort to Aristotle, but overlook Aquinas, one of the more able interpreters of the Aristotelian moral tradition. He intends to correct this situation by concentrating on a particular point of Thomas’s moral theory: the contingencies of various kinds which we must confront. Bowlin argues that Thomas’s treatment of the moral virtues is largely functional: they help to cope with contingencies, although he (...)
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  24.  20
    Consecuencialismo, Por Qué No.Leo J. Elders - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (2):378-379.
    Dr. Barraza submits a detailed study of utilitarianism and its offspring, consequentialism, and purports to show why it is not an acceptable moral system. As G. Anscombe pointed out, it arose when ethics was no longer based on the virtues and people looked for a way to evaluate moral actions in conformity with the predominant technological outlook. Consequentialism holds that the criterion of morality is that of the best overall result possible, whereas for utilitarianists it is the greatest amount of (...)
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  25.  34
    Curren, Randall R. Aristotle on the Necessity of Public Education.Leo J. Elders - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (3):642-643.
  26.  40
    Choosing to Feel. Virtue, Friendship, and Compassion for Friends.Leo J. Elders - 1998 - Review of Metaphysics 51 (4):918-918.
  27.  4
    De Animalibus. Michael Scot’s Arabic-Latin Translation, Part Two: Books XI-XIV: Parts of the Animals a Critical Edition with an Introduction, Notes, and Indices. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (2):410-410.
    This edition of Michael Scot’s Latin translation of Aristotle’s De partibus animalium is part of a vast project, under the supervision of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, to publish the Syriac, Arabic, and Hebrew translations of Aristotle’s works, of the Latin translations of these works, and of the medieval paraphrases and commentaries made in the context of this translation tradition. After a general introduction, the Latin text is presented, followed by a good number of excellent notes, an (...)
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  28.  15
    Dialogues Faits À l'Imitation des Anciens. Corpus des Oeuvres de Philosophie En Langue Française.Leo J. Elders - 1989 - Review of Metaphysics 42 (4):844-845.
    This beautifully presented volume is a reprint of two series of, respectively, four and five dialogues by the French sceptical philosopher La Mothe Le Vayer, originally published about 1631. The dialogues are a sparkling display of humanist learning and make pleasant reading, although philosophically their quality is rather poor. If we say that La Mothe was a sceptic, this assertion must immediately be qualified. From the dialogue "In Defence of Scepticism," we learn that in La Mothe's eyes a sceptic is (...)
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  29.  5
    Das Gottesproblem. Band 1.Leo J. Elders - 1999 - Review of Metaphysics 52 (4):935-936.
  30.  38
    Der Komische Kierkegaard. Problemata, 95.Leo J. Elders - 1985 - Review of Metaphysics 38 (3):649-651.
    This attractive but difficult study begins with an avowal: Korff purposively writes against Kierkegaard. His main thesis is that the Danish philosopher beguiled himself in stating his relationship with Regina, the girl he had promised to marry, in terms of his relation to God. Kierkegaard played with her, using her for his poetical endeavors and philosophical reflections. Korff is not slow to point out a certain inversion of the normal in Kierkegaard's conception of love and his incapacity really to love (...)
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  31.  32
    De Koninck. Thomas. La Nouvelle Ignorance Et le Probleme de la Culture.Leo J. Elders - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):913-914.
  32.  14
    El Amor Fundamento de la Participación Metafísica. Hermeneútica de la Summa Contra Gentiles.Leo J. Elders - 1992 - Review of Metaphysics 46 (2):411-412.
    The thesis of Méndez is preceded by a preface by Cornelio Fabro, who explains the design of this important dissertation: the author gives a presentation of the metaphysics of Aquinas such as he sees it laid down in the Summa contra gentiles. He does so from the viewpoint of the doctrine of participation.
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  33.  34
    Essays in Ancient Greek Philosophy V. Aristotle's Ontology.Leo J. Elders - 1994 - Review of Metaphysics 47 (3):632-632.
    This carefully edited book, complete with notes, a bibliography, and indexes, contains fourteen papers selected from those read at the yearly meeting of the Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy. The essays are divided into three groups dealing with logic, metaphysics, and the soul. John P. Anton argues that the categories do not mean predicates but fundamental types of attribution formulated in accordance with the ontology of first substance. D. Morrison points out that they stand for classes of being in the (...)
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  34.  73
    Essays on Aristotle's Poetics.Leo J. Elders - 1994 - Review of Metaphysics 47 (3):637-638.
    This is an important book. It consists of twenty-one essays, sixteen of which have not been published before, and sheds light on two of the most difficult points in the Poetics, imitation and catharsis. The order in which the papers are presented has been carefully chosen, so that the overall impression is that of a certain unity of interpretation. In this review we can only bring out a few of the more salient statements of the book.
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  35.  22
    Encounter with Enlightenment. A Study of Japanese Ethics.Leo J. Elders - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (1):160-162.
    In this pleasantly written book Carter describes what he considers to be the core of Japanese ethics by recalling the influence of Shintoism, Confucianism, Buddhism, and Zen Buddhism. Drawing heavily on certain Japanese authors, he points to such fundamental categories as man, nothingness, sincerity, family. Finally he develops the theme of enlightenment. From the very start Carter stresses the pre-ego state of compassionate awareness and the resolve to interfere minimally with the natural world characteristic of the Japanese. The oneness of (...)
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  36.  30
    Geschichte Als Entwicklung? Zur Kritik des Geschichtsphilosophischen Entwicklungsdenkens.Leo J. Elders - 1991 - Review of Metaphysics 44 (3):620-621.
    This thorough study in the field of the philosophy of history was accepted as a Habilitationsschrift. There is, however, a problem with this type of book: the author is supposed to give a display of his learning and mastery of the entire literature on the subject. As a result, the style and wording may become pedantic.
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  37.  33
    God, Foreknowledge, and Freedom.Leo J. Elders - 1990 - Review of Metaphysics 44 (2):418-419.
    Some twenty-five years ago the ancient controversy about the compatibility of divine foreknowledge and human freedom came to life again. The relevant papers of those who participated in the debate are scattered over several philosophical reviews. John Fisher has brought them together and added a fifty-page introduction in which he summarizes and evaluates the respective positions.
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  38.  32
    Hume Und Kant. Interpretation Und Diskussion.Leo J. Elders - 1985 - Review of Metaphysics 38 (4):886-887.
    This is an interesting and useful book with essays by Lewis White Beck, Ernst Cassierer, Hermann Cohen, Richard Hönigswald, Hansgeorg Hoppe, Edmund Husserl, Ram Adhar Mall, Jeffrie G. Murphy, Alois Riehl, Wolfgang Stegmüller, Martha E. Williams. All thirteen essays or notes reprinted concern the relationship between Hume and Kant. Its publication follows the 200th anniversary of the appearance of the Kritik der reinen Vernunft. Common to both philosophers is the view that scientific knowledge depends on the knowledge of man. In (...)
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  39.  21
    Ibn Rushd, Averroes.Leo J. Elders - 1993 - Review of Metaphysics 46 (3):645-645.
    This book purposes to study Ibn Rushd in his historic context. The introduction depicts the doctrinal and cultural background of the Muslim world of southern Spain in the time of Averroes to consider next the philosopher's life. It was Averroes' intention to construct a coherent system and to determine how far reason can take us in the analysis of reality. His disgrace resulted from the desire of the Almohad rulers to win over the masses by a political gesture.
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  40.  22
    Kaczor, Christopher. Proportionalism and the Natural Law Tradition.Leo J. Elders - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (4):885-886.
  41.  23
    Kontos, Pavlos. L’Action Morale Chez Aristote.Leo J. Elders - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (4):888-889.
  42.  24
    Kullman, Wolfgang, and Savine Föllinger, Eds. Aristotelische Biologie: Intentionen, Methoden, Ergebnisse.Leo J. Elders - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (3):720-720.
  43.  30
    Limites de la Argumentación Ética En Aristóteles. Lógos, Physis y Éthos.Leo J. Elders - 1998 - Review of Metaphysics 51 (4):967-967.
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  44. La Etica de Sto. Tomás de Aquino.Leo J. Elders - 2006 - Anuario Filosófico 39 (86):439-464.
     
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  45. L’action morale chez Aristote. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (4):888-888.
    In this monograph Pavlos Kontos of the University of Patras in Greece develops a phenomenology of human actions against the background of Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. The first part of his study is centered around the question of the autonomy of the moral act, which results from the role Aristotle assigns to the virtue of prudence. Prudence shows us what is morally possible or feasible; an ethics based on prudence does not crush man under the burden of what is far above (...)
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  46.  24
    La Notion d'Accident Chez Aristote. Logique Et Métaphysique.Leo J. Elders - 1988 - Review of Metaphysics 42 (2):413-415.
    Urbanas's intention is to clarify the status and function of the accident in Aristotle's logic and metaphysics. Given the importance of the accidental and the accident and the variety of ways in which the term is used in Aristotle's works, this is a most welcome study.
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  47.  3
    La Nouvelle Ignorance Et le Probleme de la Culture. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):913-913.
    In his artful and well-documented study professor De Koninck of the University of Laval, Quebec, takes the reader on a trip through the often appalling deficits of modern Western culture to point out the road to the light. The title exposes one aspect of the situation: an ignorance, branded by Socrates, which made its comeback under different forms. The sciences, considered by many the panacea for all diseases, cannot answer questions outside their respective fields. They create abstractions which are a (...)
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  48. Las propiedades del ser y el hombre.Leo J. Elders - 1981 - Anuario Filosófico 14 (1):31-40.
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  49. La philosophie et son histoire. Essais et discussions. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 1996 - Review of Metaphysics 50 (2):390-390.
    This book is a collection of papers read at a symposium in Quebec in 1993 and offers a wide variety of views on the nature of the history of philosophy.
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  50. La Relation Entre l'Ancienne Et la Nouvelle Alliance, Selon Saint Thomas d'Aquin.Leo J. Elders - 2000 - Revue Thomiste 100 (4):580-602.
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