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  1.  59
    St. Thomas Aquinas’s Commentary on Aristotle’s Physics.Leo J. Elders - 2013 - Review of Metaphysics 66 (4):713-748.
    The Physics is a most remarkable work, and profoundly influenced Medieval Philosophers. Thomas Aquinas wrote a detailed, impressive commentary. This essay studies in particular the composition of the Physics as Thomas saw it, his thorough study of Aristotle’s way of arguing and the important distinction he made between disputative arguments, which are only partially true, and arguments which determine the truth. Aristotle frequently uses proofs which are wrong when one considers the proper nature of bodies, but possible considering their common (...)
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  2. The Metaphysics of Being of St. Thomas Aquinas in a Historical Perspective.Leo J. Elders - 1992 - Brill.
    Metaphysics, formerly the queen of science, fell into oblivion under the onslaught of empiricism and positivism and its very possibllity came to be denied. Professor Elders traces the history of this process and shows how St. Thomas innovated in determining both the subject of metaphysics and the manner in which one enters this science, particularly in the framework of his Aristotle commentaries. The work then considers being and its properties, its divisions into being in act and being in potency, into (...)
     
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  3.  60
    Essays on Aristotle's Poetics.Leo J. Elders - 1994 - Review of Metaphysics 47 (3):637-638.
    This is an important book. It consists of twenty-one essays, sixteen of which have not been published before, and sheds light on two of the most difficult points in the Poetics, imitation and catharsis. The order in which the papers are presented has been carefully chosen, so that the overall impression is that of a certain unity of interpretation. In this review we can only bring out a few of the more salient statements of the book.
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  4.  8
    Aristotle’s Logic of Education. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (2):416-416.
    In the introductory first chapter the author states his conviction that Aristotle’s theory of learning, at the center of which stands the apodeictic syllogism, is inadequate because partial. Chapter 2 is a balanced survey of Aristotle’s syllogistic, which does not serve the purpose of discovery, but is intended to turn into science knowledge already acquired. All learning proceeds from preexisting knowledge which is structured by demonstration. Next Bauman turns to Plato’s theory of learning as present in the Meno: learning is (...)
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  5.  54
    Sfendoni-Mentzou, Demetra, Ed. Aristotle and Contemporary Science, Volume 1.Leo J. Elders - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (3):649-649.
  6. The Philosophical Theology of St. Thomas Aquinas.Leo J. ELDERS - 1990 - E.J. Brill.
    INTRODUCTION Philosophical theology is the systematic inquiry about God's existence and being. We find it in Aristotle's Metaphysics, in Cicero's De natura ...
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  7.  5
    On Aristotle’s Prior Analytics 1.8–13. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):901-901.
    In previous issues of The Review of Metaphysics attention has been drawn to the project of Professor Richard Sorabji to publish the English translations of the ancient Greek commentators of Aristotle. We are happy to present a new volume of this series which contains the English translation of the commentary by Alexander of Aphrodisias on Aristotle’s Prior Analytics, I, chapters 8–13. In his preface Professor Sorabji underlines the importance of Alexander’s commentary on these chapters, in which Aristotle invented modal syllogistic. (...)
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  8.  34
    Essays in Ancient Greek Philosophy V. Aristotle's Ontology.Leo J. Elders - 1994 - Review of Metaphysics 47 (3):632-632.
    This carefully edited book, complete with notes, a bibliography, and indexes, contains fourteen papers selected from those read at the yearly meeting of the Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy. The essays are divided into three groups dealing with logic, metaphysics, and the soul. John P. Anton argues that the categories do not mean predicates but fundamental types of attribution formulated in accordance with the ontology of first substance. D. Morrison points out that they stand for classes of being in the (...)
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  9.  31
    Aristotle on the Many Senses of Priority.Leo J. Elders - 1990 - Review of Metaphysics 44 (1):134-135.
    A study of Aristotle's use of the "prior" and the "posterior" is most welcome, since it is likely to shed some light on his position with regard to Platonism. Nicomachean Ethics 1096a17-19 intimates that in Plato's view the pair "prior and posterior" belongs to the world of becoming and mutually dependent things. Cleary believes that its use by Aristotle is closely related to the latter's philosophical development. He hopes to discover, in the course of his study, the original set of (...)
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  10.  14
    Essays on the Philosophy of Socrates.Leo J. Elders - 1994 - Review of Metaphysics 47 (3):603-603.
    The sixteen essays of this book attempt to make recent scholarly conclusions on Socrates readily available. In his introduction the editor gives a survey of the Socratic problem. The next essay examines the precise meaning of the charges leveled against Socrates; not accepting the traditional gods comes foremost. Charles H. Kahn argues in favor of moving the Laches, Charmides, Lysis and Euthrypho from their traditional place before the Gorgias to the group of later dialogues because of their Platonic content--J. Beversluis (...)
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  11.  31
    De Koninck. Thomas. La Nouvelle Ignorance Et le Probleme de la Culture.Leo J. Elders - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):913-914.
  12.  4
    De Animalibus. Michael Scot’s Arabic-Latin Translation, Part Two: Books XI-XIV: Parts of the Animals a Critical Edition with an Introduction, Notes, and Indices. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (2):410-410.
    This edition of Michael Scot’s Latin translation of Aristotle’s De partibus animalium is part of a vast project, under the supervision of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, to publish the Syriac, Arabic, and Hebrew translations of Aristotle’s works, of the Latin translations of these works, and of the medieval paraphrases and commentaries made in the context of this translation tradition. After a general introduction, the Latin text is presented, followed by a good number of excellent notes, an (...)
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  13.  4
    On Aristotle’s Prior Analytics 1.14–22. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):902-902.
    In this volume Mueller and Gould present the translation of Alexander’s commentary on chapters 14–22 of the first book of the Prior Analytics. These chapters deal with modal logic as applied to contingent propositions and to combinations of unqualified premises and of one assertoric proposition. In the 58 page introduction Professor Mueller presents first a survey of Aristotle’s assertoric syllogistic to turn next to combinations with a contingent premise in the three figures. He then passes to modal syllogistic without contingency. (...)
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  14.  4
    Thomas Aquinas on Human Nature: A Philosophical Study of “Summa Theologiae.”. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 57 (1):173-174.
    This learned book is a study of the fifteen questions of the first part of Aquinas’s Summa theologiae which deal with man as composed of body and soul, his faculties, and place in the universe. In twelve chapters Pasnau takes us from the theme of body and soul and the immateriality of the soul to closing pages on life after death. His philosophical approach of texts of a theological work have their justification in that “the real heart of Aquinas’s theological (...)
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  15.  4
    The Neo-Thomists. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 1996 - Review of Metaphysics 50 (2):415-415.
    In seven chapters and an epilogue, McCool gives a fairly complete and well-documented survey of the history of the Thomistic movement in Catholic philosophy from the early nineteenth century until the aftermath of the Second Vatican Council. After a summary of Aquinas' main doctrines, McCool presents a fine account of the Thomistic revival during the nineteenth century. Chapters 3 and 4 deal with the discussions concerning Blondel and Bergson and the Thomism of Maritain and Gardeil. McCool insists on the importance (...)
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  16.  4
    The Philosophical Significance of Immortality in Thomas Aquinas. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (3):645-645.
    Dr. Oguejiofor argues that Aquinas’s philosophical anthropology “is not much more than his philosophy of the human soul.” In his well-documented book he first gives a survey of the positions of philosophers on our question during the earlier part of the thirteenth century paying special attention to Albert the Great. Albert hesitated to accept Aristotle’s definition of the soul as the act of the body, believing that it is not compatible with the soul’s immortality. The second chapter explains this definition (...)
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  17.  29
    Boss, Gilbert, Ed. La Philosophie Et Son Histoire. Essais Et Discussions.Leo J. Elders - 1996 - Review of Metaphysics 50 (2):390-391.
  18.  29
    Selected Writings.Leo J. Elders - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (2):409-410.
    There are readers of Aquinas’s works, but Penguin’s surpasses all by its sheer size, the very representative choice of texts, the excellent translations, and scholarly, informative introductions. McInerny chose to present his selection in a chronological order, allowing the persevering reader to witness St. Thomas at work in Paris, Italy, again in Paris, and in Naples. In the introduction, the reader finds a survey of Thomas’s life, pertinent remarks on the relationship of philosophy and theology, on Thomas and Aristotelianism, and (...)
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  19.  20
    The Continuous and the Discrete: Ancient Physical Theories From a Contemporary Perspective.Leo J. Elders - 1994 - Review of Metaphysics 47 (3):648-649.
    White presents an analysis of three ancient conceptions of spatial magnitude, time, and motion, namely, Aristotle's, the Stoics', and the quantum views. The greater part of the book deals with Aristotle, according to whom one cannot get magnitude from points. The alleged mistakes in his theory of motion melt away if one agrees with his ontology. In the second chapter White discusses Aristotle's conception of time and "a time". Despite the lack of adequate mathematical tools Aristotle had an amazing intuitive (...)
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  20.  28
    Philosophy and the God of Abraham: Essays in Memory of James A. Weisheipl, O.P.Leo J. Elders - 1994 - Review of Metaphysics 48 (1):148-149.
    It is not without a certain emotion that one opens this book devoted to the memory of a great scholar of medieval thought who worked and lived in the certainty that there cannot be a conflict between the Christian faith and science. In a significant essay, Benedict M. Ashley defends the idea of the philosophy of nature as continuous or identical with natural science. Ashley does allow, however, for so many divergences between philosophy of nature and natural science due to (...)
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  21.  34
    Politics, Books V and VI.Leo J. Elders - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (1):130-131.
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  22. The Transcendental Properties of Being. Introduction: A Concise History Up to Thomas Aquinas.Leo J. Elders - 2002 - Sapientia 57 (212):459-482.
     
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  23.  39
    Choosing to Feel. Virtue, Friendship, and Compassion for Friends.Leo J. Elders - 1998 - Review of Metaphysics 51 (4):918-918.
  24.  32
    God, Foreknowledge, and Freedom.Leo J. Elders - 1990 - Review of Metaphysics 44 (2):418-419.
    Some twenty-five years ago the ancient controversy about the compatibility of divine foreknowledge and human freedom came to life again. The relevant papers of those who participated in the debate are scattered over several philosophical reviews. John Fisher has brought them together and added a fifty-page introduction in which he summarizes and evaluates the respective positions.
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  25.  32
    Hume Und Kant. Interpretation Und Diskussion.Leo J. Elders - 1985 - Review of Metaphysics 38 (4):886-887.
    This is an interesting and useful book with essays by Lewis White Beck, Ernst Cassierer, Hermann Cohen, Richard Hönigswald, Hansgeorg Hoppe, Edmund Husserl, Ram Adhar Mall, Jeffrie G. Murphy, Alois Riehl, Wolfgang Stegmüller, Martha E. Williams. All thirteen essays or notes reprinted concern the relationship between Hume and Kant. Its publication follows the 200th anniversary of the appearance of the Kritik der reinen Vernunft. Common to both philosophers is the view that scientific knowledge depends on the knowledge of man. In (...)
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  26.  37
    Der Komische Kierkegaard. Problemata, 95.Leo J. Elders - 1985 - Review of Metaphysics 38 (3):649-651.
    This attractive but difficult study begins with an avowal: Korff purposively writes against Kierkegaard. His main thesis is that the Danish philosopher beguiled himself in stating his relationship with Regina, the girl he had promised to marry, in terms of his relation to God. Kierkegaard played with her, using her for his poetical endeavors and philosophical reflections. Korff is not slow to point out a certain inversion of the normal in Kierkegaard's conception of love and his incapacity really to love (...)
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  27.  30
    Geschichte Als Entwicklung? Zur Kritik des Geschichtsphilosophischen Entwicklungsdenkens.Leo J. Elders - 1991 - Review of Metaphysics 44 (3):620-621.
    This thorough study in the field of the philosophy of history was accepted as a Habilitationsschrift. There is, however, a problem with this type of book: the author is supposed to give a display of his learning and mastery of the entire literature on the subject. As a result, the style and wording may become pedantic.
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  28.  25
    Pasnau, Robert. Thomas Aquinas on Human Nature: A Philosophical Study of “Summa Theologiae”.Leo J. Elders - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 57 (1):173-175.
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  29.  24
    Aristoteles.Leo J. Elders - 1986 - Review of Metaphysics 39 (3):586-587.
    With commendable zeal Horst Seidl has made a German translation of the integral text of the Posterior Analytics, a treatise which has exercised a considerable influence, not only in classical antiquity and the Middle Ages, but also in the modern period. As William Wallace has shown even Galileo, a scientist, owes a great deal to Aristotle's theory of science.
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  30.  30
    Alexander of Aphrodisias. On Aristotle’s Prior Analytics 1.8–13.Leo J. Elders - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):902-902.
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  31.  24
    Kullman, Wolfgang, and Savine Föllinger, Eds. Aristotelische Biologie: Intentionen, Methoden, Ergebnisse.Leo J. Elders - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (3):720-720.
  32.  24
    Mencius and Aquinas.Leo J. Elders - 1992 - Review of Metaphysics 46 (1):186-187.
  33.  30
    Nationale Und Kulturelle Identität Im Zeitalter der Globalisierung.Leo J. Elders - 2006 - Review of Metaphysics 60 (2):418-419.
  34.  23
    The Trinity, or The First Principle [De Trinitate, Seu de Primo Principio].Leo J. Elders - 1990 - Review of Metaphysics 43 (4):887-887.
    This book is number 28 in a series of translations of medieval texts published by Marquette University. Together with an edition of the De bono et malo, it is the only English translation available of the works of the important theologian William of Auvergne. The De Trinitate is a key text for William's metaphysics and his theological methodology. The translators deserve praise for having made William's thought more accessible.
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  35.  3
    La Nouvelle Ignorance Et le Probleme de la Culture. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):913-913.
    In his artful and well-documented study professor De Koninck of the University of Laval, Quebec, takes the reader on a trip through the often appalling deficits of modern Western culture to point out the road to the light. The title exposes one aspect of the situation: an ignorance, branded by Socrates, which made its comeback under different forms. The sciences, considered by many the panacea for all diseases, cannot answer questions outside their respective fields. They create abstractions which are a (...)
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  36.  3
    Proportionalism and the Natural Law Tradition. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (4):885-885.
    Modern versions of utilitarianism have been called consequentialism: in order to evaluate the goodness or badness of human actions one must consider—in one way or in another—their consequences. This consequentialism appears to be opposed on many counts to traditional natural law ethics: norms such as one should never kill innocent persons and never commit adultery stand in conflict with a view which holds that in some cases good results may outweigh the bad consequences of such and other actions. In the (...)
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  37.  3
    Politics, Books V and VI. Clarendon Aristotle Series. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (1):130-130.
    Many years after the translation by Richard Robinson of books 3 and 4 of Aristotle’s Politics, Professor David Keyt now presents a translation with an extensive commentary of books 5 and 6, the main topics of which are equality, democracy, oligarchy, tyranny, and revolution. The text attempts to describe these different political regimes and the causes of their disintegration. According to Keyt books 4, 5, and 6 form a unit and discuss less ideal constitutions and political instability. Keyt defends the (...)
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  38.  22
    Kaczor, Christopher. Proportionalism and the Natural Law Tradition.Leo J. Elders - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (4):885-886.
  39. The Review of Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (3):720-720.
    In the past fifty years a number of studies on Aristotle’s biology have appeared in English. The proceedings of a symposium held in Germany are a welcome contribution to our knowledge of Aristotle’s work in this field.
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  40.  36
    The Way Toward Wisdom: An Interdisciplinary and Intercultural Introduction to Metaphysics.Leo J. Elders - 2007 - Review of Metaphysics 61 (2):402-404.
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  41.  34
    Curren, Randall R. Aristotle on the Necessity of Public Education.Leo J. Elders - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (3):642-643.
  42.  21
    Ibn Rushd, Averroes.Leo J. Elders - 1993 - Review of Metaphysics 46 (3):645-645.
    This book purposes to study Ibn Rushd in his historic context. The introduction depicts the doctrinal and cultural background of the Muslim world of southern Spain in the time of Averroes to consider next the philosopher's life. It was Averroes' intention to construct a coherent system and to determine how far reason can take us in the analysis of reality. His disgrace resulted from the desire of the Almohad rulers to win over the masses by a political gesture.
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  43.  20
    Consecuencialismo, Por Qué No.Leo J. Elders - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (2):378-379.
    Dr. Barraza submits a detailed study of utilitarianism and its offspring, consequentialism, and purports to show why it is not an acceptable moral system. As G. Anscombe pointed out, it arose when ethics was no longer based on the virtues and people looked for a way to evaluate moral actions in conformity with the predominant technological outlook. Consequentialism holds that the criterion of morality is that of the best overall result possible, whereas for utilitarianists it is the greatest amount of (...)
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  44.  29
    Aristotle and Contemporary Science, Volume 2.Leo J. Elders - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (3):650-651.
    David Bostock revisits Aristotle’s theory of matter which was already discussed in some papers of volume 1. He warns the reader that Aristotle would have been surprised by the explanations some propose of his doctrine. Prime matter is, in the first place, the stuff the four elements are made of ; the elements function in their turn as matter for still higher things. Bostock believes that there are several ultimate kinds of matter which cannot change into one another. The atoms (...)
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  45.  32
    Shields, Christopher. Order in Multiplicity: Homonymy in the Philosophy of Aristotle.Leo J. Elders - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (1):171-171.
  46.  23
    La Notion d'Accident Chez Aristote. Logique Et Métaphysique.Leo J. Elders - 1988 - Review of Metaphysics 42 (2):413-415.
    Urbanas's intention is to clarify the status and function of the accident in Aristotle's logic and metaphysics. Given the importance of the accidental and the accident and the variety of ways in which the term is used in Aristotle's works, this is a most welcome study.
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  47.  25
    Pope, Stephen J., Ed. The Ethics of Aquinas.Leo J. Elders - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 57 (1):175-176.
  48.  22
    Aristotle’s De Interpretatione. Contradiction and Dialectic.Leo J. Elders - 1998 - Review of Metaphysics 52 (2):496-497.
    In his detailed and well-argued study of the De interpretatione, Whitaker shows that the treatise is a coherent whole and is closely linked to the Topics and the Sophistici Elenchi, rather than to the Categories and the Prior Analytics as tradition has it. Convinced of the dialectical character of the book he rejects the title as spurious. It should be περὶ ἀντιφάσεως. In the first chapter Whitaker defends the reading πρώτων in 16a8 and explains that falsehood is stating as one (...)
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  49.  22
    Philosophie Grecque, En Collaboration Avec Jonathan Barnes, Luc Brisson, Jacques Brunschwig, Gregory Vlastos.Leo J. Elders - 1998 - Review of Metaphysics 51 (4):917-917.
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  50.  28
    Reading Aristotle’s Ethics. Virtue, Rhetoric, and Political Philosophy.Leo J. Elders - 1998 - Review of Metaphysics 52 (2):493-494.
    The author sees his scholarly book as a contribution to the “remarkable resurgence of interest in Aristotle’s moral and political philosophy.” Despite the difficulty of integrating the various parts of the Nicomachean Ethics into a harmonious doctrine, Tessitore defends the cogency of the text. In five chapters he deals with several of the main topics studied by Aristotle. The Ethics is addressed to morally serious persons. The second chapter discusses the virtues treated in books 2–7. Special attention is paid to (...)
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