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  1.  79
    St. Thomas Aquinas’s Commentary on Aristotle’s Physics.Leo J. Elders - 2013 - Review of Metaphysics 66 (4):713-748.
    The Physics is a most remarkable work, and profoundly influenced Medieval Philosophers. Thomas Aquinas wrote a detailed, impressive commentary. This essay studies in particular the composition of the Physics as Thomas saw it, his thorough study of Aristotle’s way of arguing and the important distinction he made between disputative arguments, which are only partially true, and arguments which determine the truth. Aristotle frequently uses proofs which are wrong when one considers the proper nature of bodies, but possible considering their common (...)
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  2.  75
    Essays on Aristotle's Poetics.Leo J. Elders - 1994 - Review of Metaphysics 47 (3):637-638.
    This is an important book. It consists of twenty-one essays, sixteen of which have not been published before, and sheds light on two of the most difficult points in the Poetics, imitation and catharsis. The order in which the papers are presented has been carefully chosen, so that the overall impression is that of a certain unity of interpretation. In this review we can only bring out a few of the more salient statements of the book.
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  3.  48
    Alexander of Aphrodisias. On Aristotle’s Prior Analytics 1.8–13. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):901-902.
  4.  59
    Sfendoni-Mentzou, Demetra, Ed. Aristotle and Contemporary Science, Volume 1.Leo J. Elders - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (3):649-649.
  5.  34
    Aristotle on the Many Senses of Priority.Leo J. Elders - 1990 - Review of Metaphysics 44 (1):134-135.
    A study of Aristotle's use of the "prior" and the "posterior" is most welcome, since it is likely to shed some light on his position with regard to Platonism. Nicomachean Ethics 1096a17-19 intimates that in Plato's view the pair "prior and posterior" belongs to the world of becoming and mutually dependent things. Cleary believes that its use by Aristotle is closely related to the latter's philosophical development. He hopes to discover, in the course of his study, the original set of (...)
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  6. Aristotle and Contemporary Science, Volume 1. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (3):649-649.
    In 1997 an international conference on Aristotle and modern science took place in Thessaloniki. Aristotle’s view of nature—his criticism of the atomists, on the one hand, and modern science, on the other—seem to be widely opposed, but in recent years science has changed so much that scientists resort to certain basic notions of Aristotle’s natural philosophy to underpin their theories and make material nature more intelligible. In a first paper Hilary Putnam argues against Victor Gaston that Aristotle’s theory of cognition (...)
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  7. Contingency and Fortune in Aquinas’s Ethics. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):905-905.
    In the introduction to this important study Bowlin draws attention to the fact that contemporary students of ethics often resort to Aristotle, but overlook Aquinas, one of the more able interpreters of the Aristotelian moral tradition. He intends to correct this situation by concentrating on a particular point of Thomas’s moral theory: the contingencies of various kinds which we must confront. Bowlin argues that Thomas’s treatment of the moral virtues is largely functional: they help to cope with contingencies, although he (...)
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  8. Las propiedades del ser y el hombre.Leo J. Elders - 1981 - Anuario Filosófico 14 (1):31-40.
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  9. La philosophie et son histoire. Essais et discussions. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 1996 - Review of Metaphysics 50 (2):390-390.
    This book is a collection of papers read at a symposium in Quebec in 1993 and offers a wide variety of views on the nature of the history of philosophy.
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  10. La Relation Entre l'Ancienne Et la Nouvelle Alliance, Selon Saint Thomas d'Aquin.Leo J. Elders - 2000 - Revue Thomiste 100 (4):580-602.
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  11. Nature as the Basis of Moral Actions.Leo J. Elders - 2001 - Sapientia 56 (210):565-588.
     
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  12.  34
    Essays in Ancient Greek Philosophy V. Aristotle's Ontology.Leo J. Elders - 1994 - Review of Metaphysics 47 (3):632-632.
    This carefully edited book, complete with notes, a bibliography, and indexes, contains fourteen papers selected from those read at the yearly meeting of the Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy. The essays are divided into three groups dealing with logic, metaphysics, and the soul. John P. Anton argues that the categories do not mean predicates but fundamental types of attribution formulated in accordance with the ontology of first substance. D. Morrison points out that they stand for classes of being in the (...)
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  13.  33
    Philosophy and the God of Abraham: Essays in Memory of James A. Weisheipl, O.P.Leo J. Elders - 1994 - Review of Metaphysics 48 (1):148-149.
    It is not without a certain emotion that one opens this book devoted to the memory of a great scholar of medieval thought who worked and lived in the certainty that there cannot be a conflict between the Christian faith and science. In a significant essay, Benedict M. Ashley defends the idea of the philosophy of nature as continuous or identical with natural science. Ashley does allow, however, for so many divergences between philosophy of nature and natural science due to (...)
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  14.  33
    De Koninck. Thomas. La Nouvelle Ignorance Et le Probleme de la Culture.Leo J. Elders - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):913-914.
  15.  40
    Choosing to Feel. Virtue, Friendship, and Compassion for Friends.Leo J. Elders - 1998 - Review of Metaphysics 51 (4):918-918.
  16.  34
    Politics, Books V and VI.Leo J. Elders - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (1):130-131.
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  17.  33
    God, Foreknowledge, and Freedom.Leo J. Elders - 1990 - Review of Metaphysics 44 (2):418-419.
    Some twenty-five years ago the ancient controversy about the compatibility of divine foreknowledge and human freedom came to life again. The relevant papers of those who participated in the debate are scattered over several philosophical reviews. John Fisher has brought them together and added a fifty-page introduction in which he summarizes and evaluates the respective positions.
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  18.  38
    Der Komische Kierkegaard. Problemata, 95.Leo J. Elders - 1985 - Review of Metaphysics 38 (3):649-651.
    This attractive but difficult study begins with an avowal: Korff purposively writes against Kierkegaard. His main thesis is that the Danish philosopher beguiled himself in stating his relationship with Regina, the girl he had promised to marry, in terms of his relation to God. Kierkegaard played with her, using her for his poetical endeavors and philosophical reflections. Korff is not slow to point out a certain inversion of the normal in Kierkegaard's conception of love and his incapacity really to love (...)
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  19.  29
    Boss, Gilbert, Ed. La Philosophie Et Son Histoire. Essais Et Discussions.Leo J. Elders - 1996 - Review of Metaphysics 50 (2):390-391.
  20.  29
    Selected Writings.Leo J. Elders - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (2):409-410.
    There are readers of Aquinas’s works, but Penguin’s surpasses all by its sheer size, the very representative choice of texts, the excellent translations, and scholarly, informative introductions. McInerny chose to present his selection in a chronological order, allowing the persevering reader to witness St. Thomas at work in Paris, Italy, again in Paris, and in Naples. In the introduction, the reader finds a survey of Thomas’s life, pertinent remarks on the relationship of philosophy and theology, on Thomas and Aristotelianism, and (...)
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  21.  32
    Hume Und Kant. Interpretation Und Diskussion.Leo J. Elders - 1985 - Review of Metaphysics 38 (4):886-887.
    This is an interesting and useful book with essays by Lewis White Beck, Ernst Cassierer, Hermann Cohen, Richard Hönigswald, Hansgeorg Hoppe, Edmund Husserl, Ram Adhar Mall, Jeffrie G. Murphy, Alois Riehl, Wolfgang Stegmüller, Martha E. Williams. All thirteen essays or notes reprinted concern the relationship between Hume and Kant. Its publication follows the 200th anniversary of the appearance of the Kritik der reinen Vernunft. Common to both philosophers is the view that scientific knowledge depends on the knowledge of man. In (...)
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  22. The Transcendental Properties of Being. Introduction: A Concise History Up to Thomas Aquinas.Leo J. Elders - 2002 - Sapientia 57 (212):459-482.
     
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  23.  30
    Geschichte Als Entwicklung? Zur Kritik des Geschichtsphilosophischen Entwicklungsdenkens.Leo J. Elders - 1991 - Review of Metaphysics 44 (3):620-621.
    This thorough study in the field of the philosophy of history was accepted as a Habilitationsschrift. There is, however, a problem with this type of book: the author is supposed to give a display of his learning and mastery of the entire literature on the subject. As a result, the style and wording may become pedantic.
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  24.  31
    Nationale Und Kulturelle Identität Im Zeitalter der Globalisierung.Leo J. Elders - 2006 - Review of Metaphysics 60 (2):418-419.
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  25.  36
    Reading Aristotle’s Ethics. Virtue, Rhetoric, and Political Philosophy.Leo J. Elders - 1998 - Review of Metaphysics 52 (2):493-494.
    The author sees his scholarly book as a contribution to the “remarkable resurgence of interest in Aristotle’s moral and political philosophy.” Despite the difficulty of integrating the various parts of the Nicomachean Ethics into a harmonious doctrine, Tessitore defends the cogency of the text. In five chapters he deals with several of the main topics studied by Aristotle. The Ethics is addressed to morally serious persons. The second chapter discusses the virtues treated in books 2–7. Special attention is paid to (...)
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  26.  30
    Alexander of Aphrodisias. On Aristotle’s Prior Analytics 1.8–13.Leo J. Elders - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):902-902.
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  27.  37
    The Way Toward Wisdom: An Interdisciplinary and Intercultural Introduction to Metaphysics.Leo J. Elders - 2007 - Review of Metaphysics 61 (2):402-404.
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  28.  25
    Pasnau, Robert. Thomas Aquinas on Human Nature: A Philosophical Study of “Summa Theologiae”.Leo J. Elders - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 57 (1):173-175.
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  29.  25
    Mencius and Aquinas.Leo J. Elders - 1992 - Review of Metaphysics 46 (1):186-187.
  30.  35
    Shields, Christopher. Order in Multiplicity: Homonymy in the Philosophy of Aristotle.Leo J. Elders - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (1):171-171.
  31.  35
    Curren, Randall R. Aristotle on the Necessity of Public Education.Leo J. Elders - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (3):642-643.
  32.  24
    Aristoteles.Leo J. Elders - 1986 - Review of Metaphysics 39 (3):586-587.
    With commendable zeal Horst Seidl has made a German translation of the integral text of the Posterior Analytics, a treatise which has exercised a considerable influence, not only in classical antiquity and the Middle Ages, but also in the modern period. As William Wallace has shown even Galileo, a scientist, owes a great deal to Aristotle's theory of science.
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  33.  24
    Kullman, Wolfgang, and Savine Föllinger, Eds. Aristotelische Biologie: Intentionen, Methoden, Ergebnisse.Leo J. Elders - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (3):720-720.
  34.  23
    The Trinity, or The First Principle [De Trinitate, Seu de Primo Principio].Leo J. Elders - 1990 - Review of Metaphysics 43 (4):887-887.
    This book is number 28 in a series of translations of medieval texts published by Marquette University. Together with an edition of the De bono et malo, it is the only English translation available of the works of the important theologian William of Auvergne. The De Trinitate is a key text for William's metaphysics and his theological methodology. The translators deserve praise for having made William's thought more accessible.
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  35.  25
    La Notion d'Accident Chez Aristote. Logique Et Métaphysique.Leo J. Elders - 1988 - Review of Metaphysics 42 (2):413-415.
    Urbanas's intention is to clarify the status and function of the accident in Aristotle's logic and metaphysics. Given the importance of the accidental and the accident and the variety of ways in which the term is used in Aristotle's works, this is a most welcome study.
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  36.  29
    Aristotle and Contemporary Science, Volume 2.Leo J. Elders - 2002 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (3):650-651.
    David Bostock revisits Aristotle’s theory of matter which was already discussed in some papers of volume 1. He warns the reader that Aristotle would have been surprised by the explanations some propose of his doctrine. Prime matter is, in the first place, the stuff the four elements are made of ; the elements function in their turn as matter for still higher things. Bostock believes that there are several ultimate kinds of matter which cannot change into one another. The atoms (...)
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  37.  22
    Kaczor, Christopher. Proportionalism and the Natural Law Tradition.Leo J. Elders - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (4):885-886.
  38.  24
    Aristotle’s De Interpretatione. Contradiction and Dialectic.Leo J. Elders - 1998 - Review of Metaphysics 52 (2):496-497.
    In his detailed and well-argued study of the De interpretatione, Whitaker shows that the treatise is a coherent whole and is closely linked to the Topics and the Sophistici Elenchi, rather than to the Categories and the Prior Analytics as tradition has it. Convinced of the dialectical character of the book he rejects the title as spurious. It should be περὶ ἀντιφάσεως. In the first chapter Whitaker defends the reading πρώτων in 16a8 and explains that falsehood is stating as one (...)
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  39.  25
    Pope, Stephen J., Ed. The Ethics of Aquinas.Leo J. Elders - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 57 (1):175-176.
  40.  30
    Limites de la Argumentación Ética En Aristóteles. Lógos, Physis y Éthos.Leo J. Elders - 1998 - Review of Metaphysics 51 (4):967-967.
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  41.  21
    Ibn Rushd, Averroes.Leo J. Elders - 1993 - Review of Metaphysics 46 (3):645-645.
    This book purposes to study Ibn Rushd in his historic context. The introduction depicts the doctrinal and cultural background of the Muslim world of southern Spain in the time of Averroes to consider next the philosopher's life. It was Averroes' intention to construct a coherent system and to determine how far reason can take us in the analysis of reality. His disgrace resulted from the desire of the Almohad rulers to win over the masses by a political gesture.
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  42.  24
    Aristotle’s Economic Thought.Leo J. Elders - 1997 - Review of Metaphysics 51 (2):433-434.
    This is a delightful book which tries to solve the puzzle of Nicomachean Ethics 5.5: did Aristotle make a contribution to economic theory or are his statements without significance? Meikle argues that what Aristotle does in this chapter is analyze a property of things, namely their exchange value. Such things as houses, horses, beds are not really commensurable, but the degree to which people need them is. Their value in money is the conventional representation of this need. However, Aristotle has (...)
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  43.  20
    Consecuencialismo, Por Qué No.Leo J. Elders - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 55 (2):378-379.
    Dr. Barraza submits a detailed study of utilitarianism and its offspring, consequentialism, and purports to show why it is not an acceptable moral system. As G. Anscombe pointed out, it arose when ethics was no longer based on the virtues and people looked for a way to evaluate moral actions in conformity with the predominant technological outlook. Consequentialism holds that the criterion of morality is that of the best overall result possible, whereas for utilitarianists it is the greatest amount of (...)
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  44.  22
    Philosophie Grecque, En Collaboration Avec Jonathan Barnes, Luc Brisson, Jacques Brunschwig, Gregory Vlastos.Leo J. Elders - 1998 - Review of Metaphysics 51 (4):917-917.
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  45.  8
    Aristotle’s Logic of Education. [REVIEW]Leo J. Elders - 2000 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (2):416-416.
    In the introductory first chapter the author states his conviction that Aristotle’s theory of learning, at the center of which stands the apodeictic syllogism, is inadequate because partial. Chapter 2 is a balanced survey of Aristotle’s syllogistic, which does not serve the purpose of discovery, but is intended to turn into science knowledge already acquired. All learning proceeds from preexisting knowledge which is structured by demonstration. Next Bauman turns to Plato’s theory of learning as present in the Meno: learning is (...)
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  46.  21
    Bowlin, John. Contingency and Fortune in Aquinas’s Ethics.Leo J. Elders - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (4):905-906.
  47.  23
    Kontos, Pavlos. L’Action Morale Chez Aristote.Leo J. Elders - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (4):888-889.
  48.  25
    Park, Seung-Chan. Die Rezeption der Mittelalterlichen Sprachphilosophie in der Theologie des Thomas von Aquin. MIT Besonderer Bercksichtigung der Analogie.Leo J. Elders - 2001 - Review of Metaphysics 54 (3):672-673.
    In this lengthy and learned study the author shows that in the time of Aquinas there existed already a highly developed philosophy of language. In particular the theory of the modus significandi made a breakthrough in the last part of the thirteenth century.
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  49.  19
    Vernunft Und Glaube.Leo J. Elders - 1992 - Review of Metaphysics 45 (4):865-866.
    Kutschera's book is an attempt at a positive answer to the question whether religious faith is still justifiable. To this effect the author examines problems of the science of religion, philosophical theology, and religious beliefs. He asserts that Aquinas's natural theology is a thing of the past, for the Aristotelian philosophy used by Thomas has no validity ; recent debate has shown that the proofs of the existence of God are not conclusive. Unfortunately, Kutschera presents no solid evidence; the short (...)
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  50.  23
    The One and Its Relation to the Intellect in Plotinus. A Commentary on Selected Texts.Leo J. Elders - 1993 - Review of Metaphysics 47 (1):137-138.
    The study of Plotinus's Enneads is beset with difficulties. In this book, Bussanich examines nine important passages from books 3, 5, and 6 on the relation of the One to the Intellect. The passages are relatively short but provide material for a detailed philological and philosophical commentary.
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