Results for 'Leonard Ortmann'

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  1. Public Health Ethics: Cases Spanning the Globe.Drue H. Barrett, Gail Bolan, Angus Dawson, Leonard Ortmann, Andreas Reis & Carla Saenz (eds.) - 2016 - Springer.
     
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  2. The Foundations of Statistics Reconsidered.Leonard J. Savage - 1980 - In Henry Ely Kyburg (ed.), Studies in subjective probability. Huntington, N.Y.: Krieger. pp. 173--188.
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  3.  5
    Organisation und Moral: die dunkle Seite.Günther Ortmann - 2010 - Weilerswist: Velbrück.
  4.  14
    Als ob: Fiktionen und Organisationen.Günther Ortmann - 2004 - Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.
    Routinen, Regeln, Rituale, Institutionen, Sprache, organisatorisches Räsonnieren, Begründen, Entscheiden und Kommunizieren, Vertrauen, Loyalität, Informationsaustausch und Wissenstransfer in Organisationen - sie alle sind auf Fiktionen angewiesen, auf ein vielfältiges Als Ob, auf Vorgriffe, die von ihrer nachträglichen Einlösung zehren, die sie selbst bewirken - jedenfalls bewirken sollen. Das öffnet Fälschungen, Manipulationen, bloßer Signalproduktion, bloß symbolischer Politik und organisierter Scheinheiligkeit Tür und Tor, zumal in einer Hypermoderne, in der die Jagd nach positionalen Gütern, nach ökonomischen und gesellschaftlichen Positionen mit immer größerer Hebelwirkung, (...)
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  5.  26
    Socrates and the Jews: Hellenism and Hebraism from Moses Mendelssohn to Sigmund Freud.Miriam Leonard - 2012 - London: University of Chicago Press.
    Illustrating how the encounter between Athens and Jerusalem became a lightning rod for intellectual concerns, this book is a sophisticated addition to the history of ideas.
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  6. Mensch, woher, wohin?Ortmann, Hanni & [From Old Catalog] (eds.) - 1959 - Berlin,: Verlag Neues Leben.
     
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  7.  8
    Business ethics in healthcare: beyond compliance.Leonard J. Weber - 2001 - Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
    The author offers perspectives that can assist healthcare managers in achieving the highest ethical standards as they face their roles as healthcare providers, employers, and community service organizations. He also examines how to comply with relevant laws and regulations, provide high quality patient care with limited resources, and more.
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  8.  41
    Theory Roulette: Choosing that Climate Change is not a Tragedy of the Commons.Jakob Ortmann & Walter Veit - 2023 - Environmental Values 32 (1):65-89.
    Climate change mitigation has become a paradigm case both for externalities in general and for the game-theoretic model of the Tragedy of the Commons (ToC) in particular. This situation is worrying, as we have reasons to suspect that some models in the social sciences are apt to be performative to the extent that they can become self-fulfilling prophecies. Framing climate change mitigation as a hardly solvable coordination problem may force us into a worse situation, by changing real-world behaviour to fit (...)
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  9. The Foundations of Statistics.Leonard J. Savage - 1954 - Wiley Publications in Statistics.
    Classic analysis of the subject and the development of personal probability; one of the greatest controversies in modern statistcal thought.
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  10. The measurement of locus of control among alcoholics.Leonard Worell & Thomas N. Tumilty - 1981 - In Herbert M. Lefcourt (ed.), Research with the locus of control construct. New York: Academic Press. pp. 1--321.
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  11. Normative Indeterminacy in the Epistemic Domain.Nicholas Leonard & Fabrizio Cariani - forthcoming - In Kevin McCain, Scott Stapleford & Matthias Steup (eds.), Epistemic Duties: New Arguments, New Angles. K. McCain, S. Stapleford & M. Steup.
    Building on recent formal work by Aleks Knoks, we explore how the idea that certain epistemic norms may be indeterminate could be implemented in a default logic.
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  12.  58
    Implications of personal probability for induction.Leonard J. Savage - 1967 - Journal of Philosophy 64 (19):593-607.
  13. The Foundations of Statistics.Leonard J. Savage - 1956 - Philosophy of Science 23 (2):166-166.
     
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  14. The Foundations of Statistics.Leonard J. Savage - 1954 - Synthese 11 (1):86-89.
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  15. Epistemological Problems of Testimony.Nick Leonard - 2023 - In .
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  16.  34
    Indigenous Feminism and This Bridge Called My Back: Storytelling with Chrystos, Max Wolf Valerio, and Jo Carrillo.Kelsey Leonard, Chrystos, Max Wolf Valerio & Jo Carrillo - 2022 - Feminist Studies 48 (1):81-107.
    Abstract:There is a storied history of Native and Indigenous feminisms on Turtle Island (North America). We are fortunate that many of those stories birthed from an ancestral tradition of storytelling and survivance were captured in the canonical feminist anthology This Bridge Called My Back: Writings of Radical Women of Color. In celebration and commemoration of 40 years since This Bridge was first published we visit with three of the books original Native and Indigenous contributors–Chrystos, Max Wolf Valerio, and Jo Carrillo–to (...)
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  17. Finding one's own place: Asian landscapes re-visioned in rural California.Karen Leonard - 1997 - In Akhil Gupta & James Ferguson (eds.), Culture, power, place: explorations in critical anthropology. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press. pp. 125.
     
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  18. Saccadic responses to glow: differential latencies for light-emitting and light-reflecting objects.U. Leonards, E. Urry & N. E. Scott-Samuel - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 113-113.
     
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  19. Testimony and evidence.Nick Leonard - 2019 - In Maria Lasonen-Aarnio & Clayton Littlejohn (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of the Philosophy of Evidence. Routledge.
     
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  20.  15
    Discussione.Leonard Nelson, H. de Keyserling, De Roberty, H. Kleinpeter & Hugo Bergmann - 1911 - Atti Del IV Congresso Internazionale di Filosofia 1:154-159.
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  21. The universal treatise of Nicholas of Autrecourt.Leonard A. Nicolaus, Richard E. Kennedy, Arthur E. Arnold & Millward - 1971 - Milwaukee,: Marquette University Press.
  22.  3
    Government, an ideal concept.Leonard Edward Read - 1954 - Irvington-on-Hudson, NY: Foundation for Economic Education.
  23.  18
    Contributions to the development of Tibetan Buddhist epistemology: from the eleventh to the thirteenth century.Leonard W. J. Van der Kuijp - 1983 - Wiesbaden: F. Steiner.
  24.  46
    Prospecting neuroeconomics.Andreas Ortmann - 2008 - Economics and Philosophy 24 (3):431-448.
    The following is a set of reading notes on, and questions for, the Neuroeconomics enterprise. My reading of neuroscience evidence seems to be at odds with basic conceptions routinely assumed in the Neuroeconomics literature. I also summarize methodological concerns regarding design, implementation, and statistical evaluation of Neuroeconomics experiments.
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  25. Preserving the Normative Significance of Sentience.Leonard Dung - 2024 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 31 (1):8-30.
    According to an orthodox view, the capacity for conscious experience (sentience) is relevant to the distribution of moral status and value. However, physicalism about consciousness might threaten the normative relevance of sentience. According to the indeterminacy argument, sentience is metaphysically indeterminate while indeterminacy of sentience is incompatible with its normative relevance. According to the introspective argument (by François Kammerer), the unreliability of our conscious introspection undercuts the justification for belief in the normative relevance of consciousness. I defend the normative relevance (...)
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  26.  83
    Hegel's undiscovered thesis-antithesis-synthesis dialectics: what only Marx and Tillich understood.Leonard F. Wheat - 2012 - Amherst, N.Y.: Prometheus Books.
    Since Mueller’s 1958 article calling Hegelian dialectics a “legend,” it has been fashionable to deny that Hegel used thesis-antithesis-synthesis dialectics. But in truth, Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit has 28 dialectics hidden on four outline levels, and The Philosophy of History has 10 more on three outline levels. In Phenomenology’s macrodialectic, Hegel’s nonsupernatural Spirit–all reality, everything in the universe, including man and artificial objects–advances from unconscious + union (thesis) to conscious + separation (antithesis) to a synthesis of conscious (from the antithesis) (...)
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  27. Understanding Artificial Agency.Leonard Dung - forthcoming - Philosophical Quarterly.
    Which artificial intelligence (AI) systems are agents? To answer this question, I propose a multidimensional account of agency. According to this account, a system's agency profile is jointly determined by its level of goal-directedness and autonomy as well as is abilities for directly impacting the surrounding world, long-term planning and acting for reasons. Rooted in extant theories of agency, this account enables fine-grained, nuanced comparative characterizations of artificial agency. I show that this account has multiple important virtues and is more (...)
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  28. Emotion and meaning in music.Leonard B. Meyer - 1956 - [Chicago]: University of Chicago Press.
    Analyzes the meaning expressed in music, the social and psychological sources of meaning, and the methods of musical communication This is a book meant for ...
  29.  14
    Effects of Hearing Loss and Cognitive Load on Speech Recognition with Competing Talkers.Hartmut Meister, Stefan Schreitmüller, Magdalene Ortmann, Sebastian Rählmann & Martin Walger - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  30. The argument for near-term human disempowerment through AI.Leonard Dung - 2024 - AI and Society:1-14.
    Many researchers and intellectuals warn about extreme risks from artificial intelligence. However, these warnings typically came without systematic arguments in support. This paper provides an argument that AI will lead to the permanent disempowerment of humanity, e.g. human extinction, by 2100. It rests on four substantive premises which it motivates and defends: first, the speed of advances in AI capability, as well as the capability level current systems have already reached, suggest that it is practically possible to build AI systems (...)
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  31. Assessing tests of animal consciousness.Leonard Dung - 2022 - Consciousness and Cognition 105 (C):103410.
    Which animals have conscious experiences? Many different, diverse and unrelated behaviors and cognitive capacities have been proposed as tests of the presence of consciousness in an animal. It is unclear which of these tests, if any, are valid. To remedy this problem, I develop a list consisting of eight desiderata which can be used to assess putative tests of animal consciousness. These desiderata are based either on detailed analogies between consciousness-linked human behavior and non-human behavior, on theories of consciousness or (...)
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  32.  18
    Ecological rationality and economics: where the Twain shall meet.Andreas Ortmann & Leonidas Spiliopoulos - 2023 - Synthese 201 (4):1-30.
    Over the past decades psychological theories have made significant headway into economics, culminating in the 2002 (partially) and 2017 Nobel prizes awarded for work in the field of Behavioral Economics. Many of the insights imported from psychology into economics share a common trait: the presumption that decision makers use shortcuts that lead to deviations from rational behaviour (the Heuristics-and-Biases program). Many economists seem unaware that this viewpoint has long been contested in cognitive psychology. Proponents of an alternative program (the Ecological-Rationality (...)
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  33.  39
    Elicitation of Personal Probabilities and Expectations.Leonard Savage - 1971 - Journal of the American Statistical Association 66 (336):783-801.
  34.  82
    Force Dynamics in Language and Cognition.Leonard Talmy - 1988 - Cognitive Science 12 (1):49-100.
    Abstract“Force dynamics” refers to a previously neglected semantic category—how entities interact with respect to force. This category includes such concepts as: the exertion of force, resistance to such exertion and the overcoming of such resistance, blockage of a force and the removal of such blockage, and so forth. Force dynamics is a generalization over the traditional linguistic notion of “causative”: it analyzes “causing” into finer primitives and sets it naturally within a framework that also includes “letting,”“hindering,”“helping,” and still further notions. (...)
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  35.  6
    A dynamograph.Otto Ortmann - 1925 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 8 (2):160.
  36.  59
    Necessity and Possibility of Using Up-To-Date Scientific Results in Sustainable Development: GIS and Community Participation.Adrienne Ortmann-Ajkai - 2009 - World Futures 65 (5-6):383-388.
  37.  40
    Proper experimental design and implementation are necessary conditions for a balanced social psychology.Andreas Ortmann & Michal Ostatnicky - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (3):352-353.
    We applaud the authors' basic message. We note that the negative research emphasis is not special solely to social psychology and judgment and decision-making. We argue that the proposed integration of null hypothesis significance testing (NHST) and Bayesian analysis is promising but will ultimately succeed only if more attention is paid to proper experimental design and implementation.
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  38.  70
    Why the Epistemic Objection Against Using Sentience as Criterion of Moral Status is Flawed.Leonard Dung - 2022 - Science and Engineering Ethics 28 (6):1-15.
    According to a common view, sentience is necessary and sufficient for moral status. In other words, whether a being has intrinsic moral relevance is determined by its capacity for conscious experience. The _epistemic objection_ derives from our profound uncertainty about sentience. According to this objection, we cannot use sentience as a _criterion_ to ascribe moral status in practice because we won’t know in the foreseeable future which animals and AI systems are sentient while ethical questions regarding the possession of moral (...)
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  39.  61
    Profiles of animal consciousness: A species-sensitive, two-tier account to quality and distribution.Leonard Dung & Albert Newen - 2023 - Cognition 235 (C):105409.
    The science of animal consciousness investigates (i) which animal species are conscious (the distribution question) and (ii) how conscious experience differs in detail between species (the quality question). We propose a framework which clearly distinguishes both questions and tackles both of them. This two-tier account distinguishes consciousness along ten dimensions and suggests cognitive capacities which serve as distinct operationalizations for each dimension. The two-tier account achieves three valuable aims: First, it separates strong and weak indicators of the presence of consciousness. (...)
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  40. The Theory of Statistical Decision.Leonard J. Savage - 1951 - Journal of the American Statistical Association 46:55--67.
     
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  41. Intellectual encounters with Freire and Gramsci, 1974–86.Peter Leonard - 1993 - In Peter McLaren & Peter Leonard (eds.), Paulo Freire: a critical encounter. New York: Routledge. pp. 153.
     
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  42.  55
    American philosophies: an anthology.Leonard Harris, Scott L. Pratt & Anne Waters (eds.) - 2002 - Malden, MA: Blackwell.
    This anthology promotes a new vision: American Philosophy as complex and constantly changing, enlivened by historically marginalized, yet never silent, voices.
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  43.  8
    El realismo radical de Xavier Zubiri: valoración crítica.Leonard P. Wessell - 1992 - Salamanca, España: Ediciones Universidad de Salamanca.
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  44. Disjunctive properties: Multiple realizations.Leonard J. Clapp - 2001 - Journal of Philosophy 98 (3):111-136.
  45.  4
    Ortlose Moral: Identität und Normen in einer sich wandelnden Welt.Hugo Schmale, Marianne Schuller & Günther Ortmann (eds.) - 2011 - München: Wilhelm Fink.
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  46. How to deal with risks of AI suffering.Leonard Dung - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    1. 1.1. Suffering is bad. This is why, ceteris paribus, there are strong moral reasons to prevent suffering. Moreover, typically, those moral reasons are stronger when the amount of suffering at st...
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  47.  18
    Inductive Inference and Unsolvability.Leonard M. Adleman & M. Blum - 1991 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 56 (3):891-900.
  48.  81
    Does illusionism imply skepticism of animal consciousness?Leonard Dung - 2022 - Synthese 200 (3):1-19.
    Illusionism about consciousness entails that phenomenal consciousness doesn’t exist. The distribution question concerns the distribution of consciousness in the animal kingdom. Skepticism of animal consciousness is the view that few or no kinds of animals possess consciousness. Thus, illusionism seems to imply a skeptical view on the distribution question. However, I argue that illusionism and skepticism of animal consciousness are actually orthogonal to each other. If illusionism is true, then phenomenal consciousness does not ground intrinsic value so that the non-existence (...)
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  49.  49
    Current cases of AI misalignment and their implications for future risks.Leonard Dung - 2023 - Synthese 202 (5):1-23.
    How can one build AI systems such that they pursue the goals their designers want them to pursue? This is the alignment problem. Numerous authors have raised concerns that, as research advances and systems become more powerful over time, misalignment might lead to catastrophic outcomes, perhaps even to the extinction or permanent disempowerment of humanity. In this paper, I analyze the severity of this risk based on current instances of misalignment. More specifically, I argue that contemporary large language models and (...)
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  50.  47
    Music, the arts, and ideas.Leonard B. Meyer - 1967 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    The Postlude, written for this edition, looks back at the predictions made more than twenty-five years ago and speculates about what the coming decades may hold ...
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