Results for 'Leonardo Pais'

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  1.  15
    Uma Utopia é apenas uma Utopia.Leonardo Pais - 2007 - E-Topia: Revista Electrónica de Estudos Sobre a Utopia 6.
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  2. Algunos Aportes de D. Leonardo a Un País Hispanoamericano: Colombia.Gustavo González - 1996 - Anuario Filosófico 29 (55):681-694.
    Building on the notions of alternative, the concept of means, lack of productivity in Latinamerica and the christian sense of the technical, offered by Professor Polo, a very brief interpretation of social change in Colombian society is attempted.
     
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  3.  8
    Víctimas Y memoria: Relato testimonial en colombia de Alberto A. verón: La filosofía como intermediación.Leonardo Tovar González - 2013 - Cuadernos de Filosofía Latinoamericana 34 (108).
    Sin proponérselo, este libro de Alberto Antonio Verón constituye una refutación de bulto contra el cargo de inanidad de la filosofía en Colombia esgrimido en la pregunta “¿dónde están los filósofos?”. Discípulo de Reyes Mate, Verón ha transferido la indagación por la filosofía después del Holocausto al examen de los testimonios de las víctimas de las multiformes expresiones de la violencia en nuestro país.
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  4. Leonardo Bezzola: Photographs 1948-2007.Leonardo Bezzola, Andre Kamber & Clarenza Catullo - 2008 - Verlag Scheidegger and Spiess.
     
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  5.  91
    Inward Bound: Of Matter and Forces in the Physical World.Abraham Pais - 1986 - Oxford University Press.
    Abraham Pais's Subtle Is the Lord was a publishing phenomenon: a mathematically sophisticated exposition of the science and the life of Albert Einstein that reached a huge audience and won an American Book Award. Reviewers hailed the book as "a monument to sound scholarship and graceful style", "an extraordinary biography of an extraordinary man", and "a fine book". In this groundbreaking new volume, Pais undertakes a history of the physics of matter and of physical forces since the discovery (...)
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  6.  73
    Biological Regulation: Controlling the System From Within.Leonardo Bich, Matteo Mossio, Kepa Ruiz-Mirazo & Alvaro Moreno - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (2):237-265.
    Biological regulation is what allows an organism to handle the effects of a perturbation, modulating its own constitutive dynamics in response to particular changes in internal and external conditions. With the central focus of analysis on the case of minimal living systems, we argue that regulation consists in a specific form of second-order control, exerted over the core regime of production and maintenance of the components that actually put together the organism. The main argument is that regulation requires a distinctive (...)
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  7. Glycemia Regulation: From Feedback Loops to Organizational Closure.Leonardo Bich, Matteo Mossio & Ana M. Soto - 2020 - Frontiers in Physiology 11.
    Endocrinologists apply the idea of feedback loops to explain how hormones regulate certain bodily functions such as glucose metabolism. In particular, feedback loops focus on the maintenance of the plasma concentrations of glucose within a narrow range. Here, we put forward a different, organicist perspective on the endocrine regulation of glycaemia, by relying on the pivotal concept of closure of constraints. From this perspective, biological systems are understood as organized ones, which means that they are constituted of a set of (...)
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  8. Is Defining Life Pointless? Operational Definitions at the Frontiers of Biology.Leonardo Bich & Sara Green - 2017 - Synthese:1-28.
    Despite numerous and increasing attempts to define what life is, there is no consensus on necessary and sufficient conditions for life. Accordingly, some scholars have questioned the value of definitions of life and encouraged scientists and philosophers alike to discard the project. As an alternative to this pessimistic conclusion, we argue that critically rethinking the nature and uses of definitions can provide new insights into the epistemic roles of definitions of life for different research practices. This paper examines the possible (...)
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  9.  19
    Is Defining Life Pointless? Operational Definitions at the Frontiers of Biology.Leonardo Bich & Sara Green - 2018 - Synthese 195 (9):3919-3946.
    Despite numerous and increasing attempts to define what life is, there is no consensus on necessary and sufficient conditions for life. Accordingly, some scholars have questioned the value of definitions of life and encouraged scientists and philosophers alike to discard the project. As an alternative to this pessimistic conclusion, we argue that critically rethinking the nature and uses of definitions can provide new insights into the epistemic roles of definitions of life for different research practices. This paper examines the possible (...)
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  10.  52
    The Role of Regulation in the Origin and Synthetic Modelling of Minimal Cognition.Leonardo Bich & Alvaro Moreno - 2016 - Biosystems 148:12-21.
    In this paper we address the question of minimal cognition by investigating the origin of some crucial cognitive properties from the very basic organisation of biological systems. More specifically, we propose a theoretical model of how a system can distinguish between specific features of its interaction with the environment, which is a fundamental requirement for the emergence of minimal forms of cognition. We argue that the appearance of this capacity is grounded in the molecular domain, and originates from basic mechanisms (...)
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  11.  20
    Alternative Consequences and Asymmetry of Results: Their Importance for Policy Decision Making.Leonardo Ivarola - 2019 - Journal of Economic Methodology 26 (2):147-162.
    ABSTRACTIn policy implementation, the knowledge that leads to its success is as necessary as the knowledge of its possible alternative paths. Cartwright and Hardie’s approach [. Evidence-Based policy. A practical guide to doing it better. Oxford University Press.] accounts for the first but ignores the chance that a policy may ‘deviate’ from the desired outcome. The problem lies in whether these deviations lead to substantially negative consequences. The present paper offers a conceptual account meant to complement Cartwright and Hardie’s approach. (...)
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  12.  58
    Speusippus of Athens: A Critical Study with a Collection of the Related Texts and Commentary.Leonardo Tarán (ed.) - 1981 - Brill.
    CHAPTER ONE LIFE The extant evidence about Speusippus' life is scanty, and little of it is reliable. The reasons are not difficult to discover : the greater ...
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  13. Complex Emergence and the Living Organization: An Epistemological Framework for Biology.Leonardo Bich - 2012 - Synthese 185 (2):215-232.
    In this article an epistemological framework is proposed in order to integrate the emergentist thought with systemic studies on biological autonomy, which are focused on the role of organization. Particular attention will be paid to the role of the observer’s activity, especially: (a) the different operations he performs in order to identify the pertinent elements at each descriptive level, and (b) the relationships between the different models he builds from them. According to the approach sustained here, organization will be considered (...)
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  14.  12
    Does Locke Have an Akrasia Problem?Leonardo Moauro & Samuel C. Rickless - 2019 - Journal of Modern Philosophy 1 (1):9.
    Starting in the second edition of the Essay, Locke becomes interested in the phenomenon of akrasia, or weakness of will. As he conceives it, akrasia occurs when we will something contrary to what we acknowledge to be our greater good. This commitment represents an important shift from the first edition of the Essay, where Locke argues that the will is always determined by a judgement of our greater good. But traces of the first-edition view are present even in the second (...)
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  15.  61
    The Dynamics of Fair Trade as a Mixed-Form Market.Leonardo Becchetti & Benjamin Huybrechts - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 81 (4):733-750.
    This article analyses the Fair Trade sector as a “mixed-form market,” i.e., a market in which different types of players (in this case, nonprofit, co-operative and for-profit organizations) coexist and compete. The purposes of this article are (1) to understand the factors that have led Fair Trade to become a mixed-form market and (2) to propose some trails to understand the market dynamics that result from the interactions between the different types of players. We start by defining briefly Fair Trade, (...)
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  16.  32
    Exotics at Home: Anthropologies, Others, American Modernity.Micaela Di Leonardo - 1998 - University of Chicago Press.
    In this pathbreaking study, Micaela di Leonardo reveals the face of power within the mask of cultural difference. From the 1893 World's Fair to Body Shop advertisements, di Leonardo focuses on the intimate and shifting relations between popular portrayals of exotic Others and the practice of anthropology. In so doing, she casts new light on gender, race, and the public sphere in America's past and present. "An impressive work of scholarship that is mordantly witty, passionately argued, and takes (...)
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  17.  29
    Dimensions of Anxiety, Age, and Gender: Assessing Dimensionality and Measurement Invariance of the State-Trait for Cognitive and Somatic Anxiety (STICSA) in an Italian Sample.Leonardo Carlucci, Marley W. Watkins, Maria Rita Sergi, Fedele Cataldi, Aristide Saggino & Michela Balsamo - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  18. Understanding Multicellularity: The Functional Organization of the Intercellular Space.Leonardo Bich, Thomas Pradeu & Jean-Francois Moreau - 2019 - Frontiers in Physiology 10.
    The aim of this paper is to provide a theoretical framework to understand how multicellular systems realize functionally integrated physiological entities by organizing their intercellular space. From a perspective centered on physiology and integration, biological systems are often characterized as organized in such a way that they realize metabolic self-production and self-maintenance. The existence and activity of their components rely on the network they realize and on the continuous management of the exchange of matter and energy with their environment. One (...)
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  19.  43
    After the Glow: Race Ambivalence and Other Educational Prognoses.Zeus Leonardo - 2011 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (6):675-698.
    The Right has a long history of questioning the importance of race analysis. Recently, the conceptual and political status of race has come under increased scrutiny from the Left. Bracketing the language of ‘race’ has meant that the discourse of skin groups remains at the level of abstraction and does not speak to real groups as such. As a descriptor, race essentializes identity as if skin color were a reliable way to perceive one's self and group as well as others, (...)
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  20.  8
    A Framework for Understanding the Relationship Between Descending Pain Modulation, Motor Corticospinal, and Neuroplasticity Regulation Systems in Chronic Myofascial Pain.Leonardo M. Botelho, Leon Morales-Quezada, Joanna R. Rozisky, Aline P. Brietzke, Iraci L. S. Torres, Alicia Deitos, Felipe Fregni & Wolnei Caumo - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  21.  8
    Practices, Conventions, Problems.Leonardo Marchettoni - 2021 - Critical Horizons 22 (2):174-183.
    ABSTRACT This paper aims at examining the way in which Rahel Jaeggi’s conception of forms of life as inert bundles of practices is connected to the problem of the possibility of an immanent critique of life forms, that is, of a kind of analysis that is both internal and transformative. In the first part, my contention will be that understanding practices in terms of conventions makes it difficult to admit of internal criticisms of them. Jaeggi’s account of immanent critique, as (...)
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  22. Autopoiesis, Autonomy and Organizational Biology: Critical Remarks on “Life After Ashby”.Leonardo Bich & Argyris Arnellos - 2012 - Cybernetics and Human Knowing 19 (4):75-103.
    In this paper we criticize the “Ashbyan interpretation” (Froese & Stewart, 2010) of autopoietic theory by showing that Ashby’s framework and the autopoietic one are based on distinct, often incompatible, assumptions and that they aim at addressing different issues. We also suggest that in order to better understand autopoiesis and its implications, a different and wider set of theoretical contributions, developed previously or at the time autopoiesis was formulated, needs to be taken into consideration: among the others, the works of (...)
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  23. Emergent Processes as Generation of Discontinuities.Leonardo Bich & Gianluca Bocchi - 2012 - In Gianfranco Minati, Eliano Pessa & Mario Abram (eds.), Methods, models, simulations and approaches towards a general theory of change. Singapore: World Scientific. pp. 135-146.
    In this article we analyse the problem of emergence in its diachronic dimension. In other words, we intend to deal with the generation of novelties in natural processes. Our approach aims at integrating some insights coming from Whitehead’s Philosophy of the Process with the epistemological framework developed by the “autopoietic” tradition. Our thesis is that the emergence of new entities and rules of interaction (new “fields of relatedness”) requires the development of discontinuous models of change. From this standpoint natural evolution (...)
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  24.  17
    Synthetic Modelling of Biological Communication: A Theoretical and Operational Framework for the Investigation of Minimal Life and Cognition.Leonardo Bich & Ramiro Frick - 2018 - Complex Systems 27 (3):267-287.
    This paper analyses conceptual and experimental work in synthetic biology on different types of interactions considered as minimal examples or models of communication. It discusses their pertinence and relevance for the wider understanding of this biological and cognitive phenomenon. It critically analyses their limits and it argues that a conceptual framework is needed. As a possible solution, it provides a theoretical account of communication based on the notion of organisation, and characterised in terms of the functional influence exerted by the (...)
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  25.  25
    Insights About the Neuroplasticity State on the Effect of Intramuscular Electrical Stimulation in Pain and Disability Associated With Chronic Myofascial Pain Syndrome : A Double-Blind, Randomized, Sham-Controlled Trial.Leonardo Botelho, Letícia Angoleri, Maxciel Zortea, Alicia Deitos, Aline Brietzke, Iraci L. S. Torres, Felipe Fregni & Wolnei Caumo - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  26.  17
    Chaos Control of Uncertain Time-Delay Chaotic Systems with Input Dead-Zone Nonlinearity.Ming-Chang Pai - 2016 - Complexity 21 (3):13-20.
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  27. Systems, Autopoietic.Leonardo Bich & Arantza Etxeberria - 2013 - In Dubitzsky, Wolkenhauer, Cho & Yokota (eds.), Encyclopedia of Systems Biology. New York: Springer. pp. 2110-2113.
    Definition The authors’ definition of the autopoietic system has evolved through the years. One of them states that an autopoietic system is organized (defined as a unity) as a network of processes of production (transformation and destruction) of components that produces the components which: (1) through their interactions and transformations regenerate and realize the network of processes (relations) that produced them; and (2) constitute it (the machine) as a concrete unity in the space in which they exist by specifying the (...)
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  28.  8
    Minority Veterans Are More Willing to Participate in Complex Studies Compared to Non-Minorities.Leonardo Tamariz, Irene Kirolos, Fiorella Pendola, Erin N. Marcus, Olveen Carrasquillo, Jimmy Rivadeneira & Ana Palacio - 2018 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 15 (1):155-161.
    BackgroundMinorities are an underrepresented population in clinical trials. A potential explanation for this underrepresentation could be lack of willingness to participate. The aim of our study was to evaluate willingness to participate in different hypothetical clinical research scenarios and to evaluate the role that predictors could have on the willingness of minorities to participate in clinical research studies.MethodsWe conducted a mixed-methods study at the Miami VA Healthcare system and included primary care patients with hypertension. We measured willingness to participate as (...)
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  29.  25
    Brandom on Norms and Objectivity.Leonardo Marchettoni - 2018 - Critical Horizons 19 (3):215-232.
    ABSTRACTThe aim of this paper is to investigate Brandom’s conception of the objectivity of norms. In Making It Explicit Brandom supports a weak notion of objectivity based on his understanding of the perspectival structure of linguistic practices. In his following works, he resorts to the Hegelian notion of recognition, adding a historical dimension to his account. I contend that this notion of objectivity can be successfully defended against the objections raised by the commentators. In particular, it does not jeopardise the (...)
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  30. Systems and Organizations: Theoretical Tools, Conceptual Distinctions and Epistemological Implications.Bich Leonardo - 2016 - In Gianfranco Minati, Eliano Pessa & Mario Abram (eds.), Towards a post-Bertalanffy systemics. New York: Springers. pp. 203-209.
    The aim of this paper is to present some system-theoretical notions ─ such as constraint, closure, integration, coordination, etc. ─ which have recently raised a renovated interest and have undergone a deep development, especially in those branches of philosophy of biology characterized by a systemic approach. The im- plications of these notions for the analysis and characterization of self-maintaining organizations will be discussed with the aid of examples taken from models of minimal living systems, and some conceptual distinctions will be (...)
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  31. What Makes Biological Organisation Teleological?Matteo Mossio & Leonardo Bich - 2017 - Synthese 194 (4):1089-1114.
    This paper argues that biological organisation can be legitimately conceived of as an intrinsically teleological causal regime. The core of the argument consists in establishing a connection between organisation and teleology through the concept of self-determination: biological organisation determines itself in the sense that the effects of its activity contribute to determine its own conditions of existence. We suggest that not any kind of circular regime realises self-determination, which should be specifically understood as self-constraint: in biological systems, in particular, self-constraint (...)
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  32.  20
    Leonardo and Freud: An Art-Historical Study.Meyer Schapiro - 1956 - Journal of the History of Ideas 17 (2):147.
  33.  6
    Robust Tracking and Model Following for Uncertain Time-Delay Systems with Input Nonlinearity.Ming-Chang Pai - 2016 - Complexity 21 (2):66-73.
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  34. Leonardo's Eye.James S. Ackerman - 1978 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 41:108-146.
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  35.  10
    Post-Colorblindness; Or, Racialized Speech After Symbolic Racism.Zeus Leonardo & Ezekiel Dixon-Román - 2018 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 50 (14):1386-1387.
  36.  5
    Effects of Baby Schema and Mere Exposure on Explicit and Implicit Face Processing.Leonardo Venturoso, Giulio Gabrieli, Anna Truzzi, Atiqah Azhari, Peipei Setoh, Marc H. Bornstein & Gianluca Esposito - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  37. Heraclitus: The River-Fragments and Their Implications.Leonardo Taran - 1999 - Elenchos 20 (1):9-52.
  38.  2
    Demographic and Attitudinal Factors of Adherence to Quarantine Guidelines During COVID-19: The Italian Model.Leonardo Carlucci, Ines D’Ambrosio & Michela Balsamo - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  39.  17
    Order in the Nothing: Autopoiesis and the Organizational Characterization of the Living.Leonardo Bich & Luisa Damiano - 2008 - In World Scientific (ed.), Physics of Emergence and Organization. pp. 339.
  40.  86
    Interpretation and the Problem of Domination: Paul Ricoeur's Hermeneutics.Zeus Leonardo - 2003 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 22 (5):329-350.
    Hermeneutics, or the science of interpretation,is well accepted in the humanities. In thefield of education, hermeneutics has played arelatively marginal role in research. It isthe task of this essay to introduce thegeneral methods and findings of Paul Ricoeur'shermeneutics. Specifically, the essayinterprets the usefulness of Ricoeur'sphilosophy in the study of domination. Theproblem of domination has been a target ofanalysis for critical pedagogy since itsinception. However, the role of interpretationas a constitutive part of ideology critique isrelatively understudied and it is here thatRicoeur's (...)
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  41.  9
    RBF-Based Discrete Sliding Mode Control for Robust Tracking of Uncertain Time-Delay Systems with Input Nonlinearity.Ming-Chang Pai - 2016 - Complexity 21 (6):194-201.
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  42.  28
    TULSI: An NLP System for Extracting Legal Modificatory Provisions. [REVIEW]Leonardo Lesmo, Alessandro Mazzei, Monica Palmirani & Daniele P. Radicioni - 2013 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 21 (2):139-172.
    In this work we present the TULSI system (so named after Turin University Legal Semantic Interpreter), a system to produce automatic annotations of normative documents through the extraction of modificatory provisions. TULSI relies on a deep syntactic analysis and a shallow semantic interpreter that are illustrated in detail. We report the results of an experimental evaluation of the system and discuss them, also suggesting future directions for further improvement.
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  43.  33
    Galileo's Philosophy of Science.Leonardo Olschki - 1943 - Philosophical Review 52 (4):349-365.
  44.  63
    Perpetual Duration and Atemporal Eternity in Parmenides and Plato.Leonardo Tarán - 1979 - The Monist 62 (1):43-53.
    The purpose of this paper is less ambitious than its title might suggest, since it does not deal with everything that Plato has said on time and on eternity. Rather, it attempts to clarify some issues which have arisen in the controversy as to whether Parmenides or Plato was the first Western philosopher to grasp the notion of atemporal eternity. It is particularly concerned with some publications on the subject that have appeared within the last twelve years or so. G. (...)
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  45.  6
    Practicing Human Dignity: Ethical Lessons From Commedia Dell’Arte and Theater.Leonardo Colle, Bidhan Parmar, R. Freeman & Simone Colle - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 144 (2):251-262.
    The paper considers two main cases of how the creative arts can inform a greater appreciation of human dignity. The first case explores a form of theater, Commedia dell’Arte that has deep roots in Italian culture. The second recounts a set of theater exercises done with very minimal direction or self-direction in executive education and MBA courses at the Darden School, University of Virginia, in the United States. In both cases we highlight how the creative arts can be important for (...)
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  46.  61
    Parmenides: A Text with Translation, Commentary, and Critical Essays.Leonardo Taran - 1962 - Dissertation, Princeton University
  47. The Creation Myth in Plato's Timaeus.Leonardo Taran - 1971 - In John Peter Anton, George L. Kustas & Anthony Preus (eds.), Essays in Ancient Greek Philosophy. State University of New York Press. pp. 1--372.
  48. An Organisational Approach to Biological Communication.Ramiro Frick, Leonardo Bich & Alvaro Moreno - 2019 - Acta Biotheoretica (2):103-128.
    This paper aims to provide a philosophical and theoretical account of biological communication grounded in the notion of organisation. The organisational approach characterises living systems as organised in such a way that they are capable to self-produce and self-maintain while in constant interaction with the environment. To apply this theoretical framework to the study of biological communication, we focus on a specific approach, based on the notion of influence, according to which communication takes place when a signal emitted by a (...)
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  49.  25
    Leonardo’s Choice: The Ethics of Artists Working with Genetic Technologies. [REVIEW]Carol Gigliotti - 2006 - AI and Society 20 (1):22-34.
    Working with current methodologies of art, biology, and genetic technologies, the stated aims of artists working in this area include attempts both to critique the implications and outcomes of genetic technologies and to forge a new art practice involved in creating living beings using those technologies. It is this last ambition, the development of a new art practice involved in creating living beings, that this essay will particularly take to task by questioning the ethics of that goal and the uses (...)
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  50.  26
    Socio-Demographic and Five Factor Model Variables as Predictors of Religious Fundamentalism: An Italian Study.Leonardo Carlucci, Aristide Saggino & Marco Tommasi - 2011 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 33 (2):253-268.
    In the present article, we investigated the relation between socio-demographic variables and personality factors with religious fundamentalism. Our data were collected from a sample of 125 Italian Catholic participants. Correlation analyses showed a significant association between RF and the openness domain of personality, including both facet scales. We also found a significant association between RF and conscientiousness. Regarding socio-demographic variables, we found significant correlations between RF and years of education, church attendance, belief, and age, while there was no significant correlation (...)
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