Results for 'Leonid Barski'

346 found
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  1.  37
    Allocation of Scarce Resources During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Jewish Ethical Perspective.Amy Solnica, Leonid Barski & Alan Jotkowitz - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (7):444-446.
    The novel COVID-19 pandemic has placed medical triage decision-making in the spotlight. As life-saving ventilators become scarce, clinicians are being forced to allocate scarce resources in even the wealthiest countries. The pervasiveness of air travel and high rate of transmission has caused this pandemic to spread swiftly throughout the world. Ethical triage decisions are commonly based on the utilitarian approach of maximising total benefits and life expectancy. We present triage guidelines from Italy, USA and the UK as well as the (...)
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  2.  9
    The Healthcare Worker at Risk During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Jewish Ethical Perspective.Amy Solnica, Leonid Barski & Alan Jotkowitz - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (7):441-443.
    The current COVID-19 pandemic has raised many questions and dilemmas for modern day ethicists and healthcare providers. Are physicians, nurses and other healthcare workers morally obligated to put themselves in harm’s way and treat patients during a pandemic, occurring a great risk to themselves, their families and potentially to other patients? The issue was relevant during the 1918 influenza epidemic and more recently severe acute respiratory syndrome epidemic in 2003. Since the risk to the healthcare workers was great, there was (...)
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  3. Wissenschaft, Philosophie Und Religion Im Frühen Pythagoreismus/ Dc Leonid Zhmud.Leonid J. Zhmud - 1997
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  4.  89
    The Misunderstood Limits of Folk Science: An Illusion of Explanatory Depth.Leonid Rozenblit & Frank Keil - 2002 - Cognitive Science 26 (5):521-562.
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  5.  57
    Pythagoras and the Early Pythagoreans.Leonid Zhmud - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    In ancient tradition, Pythagoras emerges as a wise teacher, an outstanding mathematician, an influential politician, and as a religious and ethical reformer. This volume offers a comprehensive study of Pythagoras, Pythagoreanism, and the early Pythagoreans through an analysis of the many representations of the individual and his followers.
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  6. Investigating the Effects of Moral Disengagement and Participation on Unethical Work Behavior.Adam Barsky - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 104 (1):59-75.
    With massive corruption uncovered in numerous recent corporate scandals, investigating psychological processes underlying unethical behavior among employees has become a critical area of research for organizational scientists. This article seeks to explain why people engage in deceptive and fraudulent activities by focusing on the use of moral-disengagement tactics or rationalizations to justify egregious actions at work. In addition, participation in goal-setting is argued to attenuate the relationship between moral disengagement and unethical behavior. Across two studies, a lab simulation and field (...)
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  7.  37
    The Semantics of Knowledge Attributions: A Defence of Moderate Invariantism.Leonid Tarasov - 2014 - Dissertation, University of Manchester
    This work has four aims: (i) to provide an overview of the current debate about the semantics of knowledge attributions, i.e. sentences of the form ⌜S knows that Φ⌝; (ii) to ground the debate in a single semantic-pragmatic framework; (iii) to identify a methodology for describing the semantics of knowledge attributions; (iv) to go some way towards describing the semantics of knowledge attributions in light of this methodology, and in particular to defend moderate invariantist semantics against its main current rivals. (...)
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  8.  91
    Understanding the Ethical Cost of Organizational Goal-Setting: A Review and Theory Development.Adam Barsky - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 81 (1):63-81.
    Goal-setting has become a popular and effective motivational tool, utilized by practitioners and substantiated with decades of empirical research. However, the potential for goal-setting to enhance performance may come at the cost of ethical behavior. I propose a theoretical model linking attributes of goals and goal-setting practices to unethical behavior through two psychological mechanisms – ethical recognition and moral disengagement; and addressing the moderating role of individual differences (e.g., goal-commitment and conscientiousness), as well as the broader organizational ethical context.
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  9.  16
    Leonid Martynov, Boris Slutsky and the Politics of Rhythm.Barry P. Scherr - 2010 - Paragraph 33 (2):246-259.
    Leonid Martynov and Boris Slutsky began to write during Stalin's reign and were aware of the contemporary official pressure to make literature more broadly accessible as well as of the highly experimental, and thus more difficult, poetry that had come into vogue during the years leading up to the Bolshevik revolution. Martynov's response was to create verse marked by ambiguity; he employs the graphic layout and internal rhyme to avoid predictability and easy interpretation, especially in a poem's opening lines. (...)
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  10. Social Goals and Social Organization: Essays in Memory of Elisha Pazner.Leonid Hurwicz, David Schmeidler & Hugo Sonnenschein (eds.) - 1985 - Cambridge University Press.
    Published as a tribute to the memory of Elisha Pazner, this book contains a collection of essays providing a comprehensive view of the design and evaluation of economic mechanisms, written and edited by the major contributors to the field. Amongst the topics included are bargaining theory and the economics of competitive bidding. The surveys are preceded by 'A Perspective', by Leo Hurwicz which contains a systematic account of the development of the literature on mechanism design, and this provides a context (...)
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  11.  11
    Osvaldo Barsky y Mabel Dávila, La rebelión del campo. Historia del conflicto agrario argentino, Editorial Sudamericana, Buenos Aires, 2008, 343 p. [REVIEW]Gonzalo Sanz Cerbino - 2010 - Polis: Revista Latinoamericana 26.
    Una de las consecuencias de la crisis económica mundial que estalló en 2007 fue el espectacular aumento en los precios de las materias primas, especialmente petróleo y alimentos. Este fenómeno dio lugar, durante el año 2008, a una serie de conflictos políticos: varios países presenciaron revueltas de los sectores más pauperizados de la población, particularmente afectados por la suba de precios en alimentos básicos. En la Argentina, el mismo fenómeno dio lugar a una rebelión completamente dif..
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  12. Heraclitus on Pythagoras.Leonid Zhmud - 2017 - In Charlotte Schubert, Ulrike Muss, Kurt Sier & Enrica Fantino (eds.), Heraklit Im Kontext. De Gruyter. pp. 171-186.
  13.  68
    Two General Methods of Extending Mathematical Theory Creative Process in Mathematics.Marvin Barsky - 1969 - Philosophia Mathematica (1-2):22-27.
  14. What is Pythagorean in the Pseudo-Pythagorean Literature?Leonid Zhmud - 2019 - Philologus: Zeitschrift für Antike Literatur Und Ihre Rezeption 163 (1):72-94.
    This paper discusses continuity between ancient Pythagoreanism and the pseudo-Pythagorean writings, which began to appear after the end of the Pythagorean school ca. 350 BC. Relying on a combination of temporal, formal and substantial criteria, I divide Pseudopythagorica into three categories: 1) early Hellenistic writings ascribed to Pythagoras and his family members; 2) philosophical treatises written mostly, yet not exclusively, in pseudo-Doric from the turn of the first century BC under the names of real or fictional Pythagoreans; 3) writings attributed (...)
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  15.  14
    Origin of Music and Embodied Cognition.Leonid Perlovsky - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  16. Греческая арифмология: Пифагор или платон?Leonid Zhmud - 2017 - Schole 11 (2):428-459.
    This essay considers the origins of the arithmological genre, the first specimen of which was an anonymous Neopythagorean treatise of the first century BCE. Arithmology as a special genre of philosophical writings dealing with the properties of the first ten numbers should be distinguished from number symbolism, which is a universal cultural phenomenon related to individual significant numbers. As our analysis shows, the philosophical foundations of arithmology were laid down in the treatise of Plato’s successor Speusippus On Pythagorean Numbers, who (...)
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  17.  6
    Nonspecific Medication Side Effects and the Nocebo Phenomenon.Arthur J. Barsky, Ralph Saintfort, Malcolm P. Rogers & Jonathan F. Borus - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (1).
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  18.  59
    Ethics and Values in Social Work:An Integrated Approach for a Comprehensive Curriculum: An Integrated Approach for a Comprehensive Curriculum.Allan Edward Barsky - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    In a unique and student-friendly package, Ethics and Values in Social Work offers a series of learning modules that will ensure graduates receive a ...
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  19.  14
    Noam Chomsky: A Life of Dissent.George Szanto & Robert F. Barsky - 1998 - Substance 27 (2):128.
  20. Na Robovih Čiste Teorije Prava.Leonid Pitamic - 2005 - Pravna Fakulteta.
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  21.  15
    Symbols: Integrated Cognition and Language.Leonid I. Perlovsky - 2007 - In R. Gudwin & J. Queiroz (eds.), Semiotics and Intelligent Systems Development. Idea Group. pp. 121--151.
  22. Why We Need Corpus Linguistics in Intuition-Based Semantics.Leonid Tarasov - 2018 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 95 (4):421-435.
    The following method is popular in some areas of philosophy and linguistics when trying to describe the semantics of a given sentence Φ. Present ordinary speakers with scenarios that involve an utterance of Φ, ask them whether these utterances are felicitous or infelicitous and then construct a semantics that assigns the truth-value True to felicitous utterances of Φ and the truth-value False to infelicitous utterances of Φ. The author makes five observations about this intuition-based approach to semantics; their upshot is (...)
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  23.  10
    Aesthetic Chills: Knowledge-Acquisition, Meaning-Making, and Aesthetic Emotions.Felix Schoeller & Leonid Perlovsky - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  24.  15
    Some Theorems on the Algorithmic Approach to Probability Theory and Information Theory:(1971 Dissertation Directed by AN Kolmogorov).Leonid A. Levin - 2010 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 162 (3):224-235.
  25.  12
    Leonid Zhmud. Pythagoras and the Early Pythagoreans. Translated by Kevin Windle and Rosh Ireland. Xxiv + 491 Pp., Index, Bibl., Indexes. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. $185. [REVIEW]Reviel Netz - 2013 - Isis 104 (3):606-607.
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  26.  23
    Macrohistory and Globalization.Leonid Grinin - 2012 - Uchitel Publishing House.
    The present monograph considers some macrohistorical trends along with the aspects of globalization. Macrohistory is history on the large scale that tells the story of the entire world or of some major dimensions of historical process. For the present study three aspects of macrohistory have been chosen. These are technological and political aspects, as well as the one of historical personality. Taken together they give a definite picture of unfolding historical process which is described from the beginning of human society (...)
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  27.  57
    Semantic Relativism and Ways of Knowing.Leonid Tarasov - 2019 - Synthese 196 (5):2089-2109.
    There is a long-standing view in epistemology that perception is a way of knowing. There is a less long-standing but increasingly popular view that knowledge attributions have a relativist semantics. I discuss three things here. First, I show that it is a consequence of the logic of RKA that WOK and RKA are incompatible. Second, I argue that, even if WOK is incompatible with the main rivals to RKA, this is not a consequence of the logics of these views. RKA (...)
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  28.  1
    Parental Manual Ventilation in Resource-Limited Settings: An Ethical Controversy.Emily Barsky & Sadath Sayeed - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (7):459-464.
    Lower respiratory tract infections are a leading cause of paediatric morbidity and mortality worldwide. Children in low-income countries are disproportionately affected. This is in large part due to limitations in healthcare resources and medical technologies. Mechanical ventilation can be a life-saving therapy for many children with acute respiratory failure. The scarcity of functioning ventilators in low-income countries results in countless preventable deaths. Some hospitals have attempted to adapt to this scarcity by using hand-bag ventilation, as either a bridge to a (...)
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  29.  35
    Projective Adaptivism.Leonid Tarasov - 2019 - Philosophical Papers 48 (3):379-402.
    Moderate invariantism is the orthodox semantics for knowledge attributions. In recent years it has fallen out of favour, in large part because it fails to explain why ordinary speakers have the intuition that some utterances of knowledge attributions are felicitous and others infelicitous in several types of cases. To address this issue moderate invariantists have developed a variety of what I call non-semantic theories which they claim account for the relevant felicity intuitions independently of moderate invariantist semantics. Some critics have (...)
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  30.  15
    Human Consciousness is Fundamental for Perception and Highest Emotions.Leonid Perlovsky - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
    Have Morsella et al. examined the fundamentals of consciousness? An experiment by Bar et al. has demonstrated the fundamental aspects of conscious and unconscious mechanisms of perception. The mental representations are not crisp and conscious like the perceived objects are, but vague and unconscious. This experiment points to the fundamental function of the neural mechanisms of consciousness in perception. Consciousness is also fundamental for the highest emotions.
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  31.  25
    On Spatial Modelling.Leonid Tchertov - 2015 - Sign Systems Studies 43 (1):77-101.
    Spatial modelling concerns both the case when spatial structures have a modelling function and the case when such structures become modelled objects. In the article, spatial models are considered as the means of human activity in both external and internal aspects. External spatial models are tangible objects which have structural similarity with something different from them and can represent it for a subject. These external models can be interpreted on various mental levels: sensorial, perceptual, apperceptual and conceptual ones. Each of (...)
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  32. Will the Global Crisis Lead to Global Transformations? 2. The Coming Epoch of New Coalitions.Leonid Grinin & Andrey Korotayev - 2010 - Journal of Globalization Studies 1 (2):166-183.
    This article presents possible answers, and their respective probabilities, to the question, ‘What are the consequences of the present global crisis in the proximate future of the World System?’ It also attempts to describe the basic characteristics of the forthcoming ‘Epoch of New Coalitions’ and to forecast certain future conditions. Among the problems analyzed in this paper are the following: What does the weakening of the economic role of the USA as the World System centre mean? Will there be a (...)
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  33.  94
    Ancient Greek Mathēmata From a Sociological Perspective: A Quantitative Analysis.Leonid Zhmud & Alexei Kouprianov - 2018 - Isis 109 (3):445-472.
    This essay examines the quantitative aspects of Greco-Roman science, represented by a group of established disci¬plines, which since the fourth century BC were called mathēmata or mathē¬ma¬tikai epistē¬mai. In the group of mathēmata that in Antiquity normally comprised mathematics, mathematical astronomy, harmonics, mechanics and optics, we have also included geography. Using a dataset based on The Encyclopaedia of Ancient Natural Scientists, our essay considers a community of mathēmatikoi (as they called themselves), or ancient scientists (as they are defined for the (...)
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  34. The Idea of the Covenant, the Chosenness of the People, and the Status of Personality in the Biblical Tradition: Historico-Philosophical Perspectives.Leonide S. Blickshtein - 1989 - Center for Jewish Community Studies, Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs.
     
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  35. A Treatise on the State.Leonid Pitamic - 1933 - Baltimore: Md., J. H. Furst Company.
  36. Some Notions on the State and its International Phases.Leonid Pitamic - 1931 - Washington: School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University.
     
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  37.  42
    Perestrojka and Literature: Texts and Context.Leonid Heller - 1990 - Studies in Soviet Thought 40 (1-3):189-204.
    Are any conclusions to be had? We have shown how, at all levels, the system of Soviet literature, has both persisted and fallen into disrepair. The rigid model of socialist realism that took hold during the Ždanovist period no longer exists. However, its presence is still felt not only as a constant negative point of reference, but through the numerous structures that grew out of it. Changes set in motion during the thaw continue at an accelerated pace for the sake (...)
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  38.  16
    Mystery in Experimental Psychology, How to Measure Aesthetic Emotions?Leonid Perlovsky - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  39.  16
    "All is Number"?Leonid Ja Zhmud' - 1989 - Phronesis 34 (1):270-292.
  40.  38
    Free Will and Advances in Cognitive Science.Leonid Perlovsky - 2012 - Open Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):32-37.
    Freedom of will is fundamental to morality, intuition of self, and normal functioning of society. However, science does not provide a clear logical foundation for this idea. This paper considers the fundamental argument against free will, so called reductionism, and why the choice for dualism against monism, follows logically. Then, the paper summarizes unexpected conclusions from recent discoveries in cognitive science. Classical logic turns out not to be a fundamental mechanism of the mind. It is replaced by dynamic logic. Mathematical (...)
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  41.  73
    Contextualism and Weird Knowledge.Leonid Tarasov - 2013 - Philosophical Quarterly 63 (252):565-575.
    John Greco has recently raised two worries for epistemic contextualism, viz it deprives epistemology of its subject matter and renders objective knowledge impossible. He argues that these problems are not restricted to contextualism, but apply to rival theories, like subject sensitive invariantism, and that they are overstated. I develop Greco's worries, which show that contextualism suggests either that there is no such thing as knowledge, or a weird view of knowledge: as disparately varied and undisciplined, individual-dependent and arbitrary. I then (...)
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  42. Специфіка Становлення Ірраціонально-Містичної Філософії Буддизму В Історії Філософії.Leonid Mozghovyi - 2011 - Схід 3 (110):138-141.
    The thesis represents the analysis of strategies in contemporary philosophy as for synthesis with irrational mystical doctrines in general and Buddhism in particular. The definition is given to the historical philosophical sense of mysticism as a phenomenon. The logic of development which determines European and Ukrainian traditions of Buddhology is being revealed.
     
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  43.  10
    Shaman's Drum: A Unique Monument of Spiritual Culture of the Altai Turk Peoples.Leonid P. Potapov - 1999 - Anthropology of Consciousness 10 (4):24-35.
  44.  10
    Totalitarianism "with a Human Face" A Methodological Essay.Leonid Poliakov - 1992 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 31 (3):40-50.
    We are now, after some delay, beginning actively to discuss a theme—or is it still a problem?—that has become traditional for Western sociology and political science—namely, totalitarianism. If we start from the firmly established view that construes totalitarianism as a social structure in which the state devours and exercises maximum control over all spheres of the social life of individuals, i.e., a structure based on maximum coercion , we can, it would seem, simply make concrete extrapolations of the existing theoretical (...)
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  45. Hryhoriĭ Skovoroda.Leonid Ushkalov - 2009 - Folio.
  46.  2
    Aesthetics and Innovation.Leonid Dorfman, Colin Martindale & Vladimir Petrov (eds.) - 2007 - Cambridge Scholars Press.
    In this book we attempted to gather together a set of chapters that describe new ways of approaching questions about aesthetics and innovation. Rather than going over old ground, the chapters describe attempts to break out in new directions. The book begins with a description of von Ehrenfels development of a Gestalt theory of aesthetics so evocative of the Vienna of 1900 that readers will wish that they had been there to experience the intellectual excitement and ends with a survey (...)
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  47. Chapter Eight The Plural Self, Plural Achievement Motives, and Creative Thinking.Leonid Dorfman - 2007 - In L. I͡A Dorfman, Colin Martindale & Vladimir Petrov (eds.), Aesthetics and Innovation. Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 125.
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  48. Alarmism Vs Eschatology: Conceptual Analysis.Leonid Mozgovoy, Volodymyr Fed, Vira Dubinina, Yuliia Malikova, Volodymyr Steshenko, Yuliia Butko & Viktoriia Slabouz - 2022 - Wisdom 22 (2):68-80.
    The article studies and conceptualises alarmism and eschatology in the modern Ukrainian discourse. The approach to understanding the concept developed by G. Frege was used as the theoretical basis for conceptualising these categories. The research interest of the paper is caused by the identification of the content of the conceptual levels of alarmism and eschatology. The results make it possible to define alarmism as a worldview sensation of an intuitive level that historically emerged from empiricism, reflecting the readiness to overcome (...)
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  49. Certain Answers as Objects and Knowledge.Leonid Libkin - 2016 - Artificial Intelligence 232:1-19.
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  50. Quantum/Classical Correspondence in the Light of Bell's Inequalities.Leonid A. Khalfin & Boris S. Tsirelson - 1992 - Foundations of Physics 22 (7):879-948.
    Instead of the usual asymptotic passage from quantum mechanics to classical mechanics when a parameter tended to infinity, a sharp boundary is obtained for the domain of existence of classical reality. The last is treated as separable empirical reality following d'Espagnat, described by a mathematical superstructure over quantum dynamics for the universal wave function. Being empirical, this reality is constructed in terms of both fundamental notions and characteristics of observers. It is presupposed that considered observers perceive the world as a (...)
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