Results for 'Leslie B. Cohen'

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  1. Acting Intentionally and the Side-Effect Effect: 'Theory of Mind' and Moral Judgment.Joshua Knobe, Adam Cohen & Alan Leslie - 2006 - Psychological Science 17:421-427.
    The concept of acting intentionally is an important nexus where ‘theory of mind’ and moral judgment meet. Preschool children’s judgments of intentional action show a valence-driven asymmetry. Children say that a foreseen but disavowed side-effect is brought about 'on purpose' when the side-effect itself is morally bad but not when it is morally good. This is the first demonstration in preschoolers that moral judgment influences judgments of ‘on-purpose’ (as opposed to purpose influencing moral judgment). Judgments of intentional action are usually (...)
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  2.  30
    The Logic of Religious Language1: CYNTHIA B. COHEN.Cynthia B. Cohen - 1973 - Religious Studies 9 (2):143-155.
    Expressions used in religious contexts have often seemed odd and paradoxical to philosophers. Statements have appeared in Christian discourse to the effect that God is not a person and yet is a person, that he is a servant and a king, that he is nothingness and being itself. These statements appear unintelligible either because their terms are self-contradictory or because they are mutually exclusive.
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  3. Prayer is Therapy-Cynthia B. Cohen, Sondra E. Wheeler, and David A. Scott Reply.C. B. Cohen, S. E. Wheeler & D. A. Scott - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 30 (6):5-5.
     
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  4.  22
    Labels Can Override Perceptual Categories in Early Infancy.Kim Plunkett, Jon-Fan Hu & Leslie B. Cohen - 2008 - Cognition 106 (2):665-681.
  5.  16
    Effect of Spatial Separation of Stimulus, Response, and Reinforcement on Selective Learning in Children.Wendell E. Jeffrey & Leslie B. Cohen - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (6):577.
  6.  32
    Bispectral Index Monitoring to Prevent Awareness During Anaesthesia: The B-Aware Randomised Controlled Trial.P. S. Myles, K. Leslie, J. McNeil, A. Forbes & M. T. V. Chan - 2004 - Lancet 363 (9423).
  7. Feldman, R., 61 Glanzberg, M., 217 Glymour, B., 271 Lycan, WG, 35 Predelli, S., 145.A. Bumpus, J. Cohen, S. Cohen, E. Conee, C. L. Elder, M. Ridge, M. Sabatés, E. C. Tiffany & D. Vander Laan - 2001 - Philosophical Studies 103 (343).
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  8.  16
    New Views on Diogenes of Oinoanda. Hammerstaedt, Morel, Güremen Diogenes of Oinoanda. Epicureanism and Philosophical Debates. Pp. XXVI + 321, Ills, B/W & Colour Maps. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 2017. Cased, €90. Isbn: 978-94-6270-101-4. [REVIEW]Inbal Cohen - 2018 - The Classical Review 68 (1):54-57.
  9.  7
    Nucleation of Deformation Twins at Slip Plane Intersections in B.C.C. Metals.R. Priestner & W. C. Leslie - 1965 - Philosophical Magazine 11 (113):895-916.
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  10.  5
    Balag-Compositions: Sumerian Lamentation Liturgies of the Second and First Millennium B. C.S. David Sperling & Mark E. Cohen - 1980 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 100 (3):371.
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  11. Peter Byrne & Leslie Houlden (Eds). Companion Encyclopedia of Theology. (London: Routledge, 1995.) Pp. Xxiv+1092. £85.00. [REVIEW]R. C. B. - 1997 - Religious Studies 33 (1):131-134.
     
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  12.  10
    Volume I: The Founding Years: The New Frontier. Weldon B. GibsonSRI. Volume II: The Take-Off Days.Stuart W. Leslie - 1987 - Isis 78 (4):600-602.
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  13.  11
    La Relecture Du Traité A.B.M.Alain J. -J. Cohen - 1989 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 2 (3):247-256.
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  14.  10
    Malachi Beit-Arié, Unveiled Faces of Medieval Hebrew Books: The Evolution of Manuscript Production—Progression or Regression? Jerusalem: Hebrew University Magnes Press, 2003. Pp. 90 Plus 23 Black-and-White Plates. €30. Distributed by Brepols Publishers S.A./N.V., Begijnhof 67, B-2300 Turnhout, Belgium. [REVIEW]Evelyn M. Cohen - 2006 - Speculum 81 (1):144-145.
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  15.  5
    RCA and the VideoDisc: The Business of Research. Margaret B. W. Graham.Stuart W. Leslie - 1988 - Isis 79 (1):160-161.
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  16.  3
    Science Advances by J. B. S. Haldane. [REVIEW]I. Cohen - 1948 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 38:255-256.
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  17. Science AdvancesJ. B. S. Haldane.I. Bernard Cohen - 1948 - Isis 38 (3/4):255-256.
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  18. The Concepts of the CalculusCarl B. Boyer.I. Bernard Cohen - 1940 - Isis 32 (1):205-210.
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  19. The Concepts of the Calculus by Carl B. Boyer. [REVIEW]I. Cohen - 1940 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 32:205-210.
     
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  20. Major Philosophers of Jewish Prayer in the Twentieth Century.Jack Cohen - 2000 - Fordham University Press.
    Major Philosophers of Jewish Prayer in the Twentieth Century addresses the troubling questions posed by the modern Jewish worshiper, including such obstacles to prayer as the inability to concentrate on the words and meanings of formal liturgy, the paucity of emotional involvement, the lack of theological conviction, the anthropomorphic and particularly the masculine emphasis of prayer nomenclature, and other matters. In assessing these difficultites, Cohen brings to the reader the writings on prayer of some seminal 20th century Jewish theologians. (...)
     
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  21. Does the Autistic Child Have a “Theory of Mind”?Simon Baron-Cohen, Alan M. Leslie & Uta Frith - 1985 - Cognition 21 (1):37-46.
    We use a new model of metarepresentational development to predict a cognitive deficit which could explain a crucial component of the social impairment in childhood autism. One of the manifestations of a basic metarepresentational capacity is a ‘ theory of mind ’. We have reason to believe that autistic children lack such a ‘ theory ’. If this were so, then they would be unable to impute beliefs to others and to predict their behaviour. This hypothesis was tested using Wimmer (...)
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  22. Beyond the Prevention of Harm: Animal Disease Policy as a Moral Question.Franck L. B. Meijboom, Nina Cohen, Elsbeth N. Stassen & Frans W. A. Brom - 2009 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (6):559-571.
    European animal disease policy seems to find its justification in a “harm to other” principle. Limiting the freedom of animal keepers—e.g., by culling their animals—is justified by the aim to prevent harm, i.e., the spreading of the disease. The picture, however, is more complicated. Both during the control of outbreaks and in the prevention of notifiable, animal diseases the government is confronted with conflicting claims of stakeholders who anticipate running a risk to be harmed by each other, and who ask (...)
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  23. Wants and Lacks.Gareth B. Matthews & S. Marc Cohen - 1967 - Journal of Philosophy 64 (14):455-456.
    Anthony Kenny says it is impossible to want what one already has and knows one has. We present a counter-example and then suggest that Kenny may have been misled by the fact that wanting expresses itself in goal-directed behavior. From the truism that one's behavior cannot be directed toward a goal that one knows one has already attained, Kenny may have been led to suppose that behavior directed toward an as yet unattained goal cannot express one's desire for what one (...)
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  24. The One and the Many.Gareth B. Matthews & S. Marc Cohen - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (4):630-655.
    We discuss Aristotle's "Categories" as an answer to Plato's One-over-Many argument. For Plato, F-ness is something "over against" particular F things; to predicate "F" of these things is to assert that they all stand in a certain relation to F-ness. Aristotle answers that predication is classification; and there being a classification of a certain sort is a fact correlative with there being things classifiable in the way the classification in question would classify them.
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  25. International Stem Cell Tourism and the Need for Effective Regulation: Part I: Stem Cell Tourism in Russia and India: Clinical Research, Innovative Treatment, or Unproven Hype?Cynthia B. Cohen Peter J. Cohen - 2010 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (1):pp. 27-49.
  26. International Stem Cell Tourism and the Need for Effective Regulation: Part II: Developing Sound Oversight Measures and Effective Patient Support.Cynthia B. Cohen Peter J. Cohen - 2010 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (3):207-230.
    Clinics and hospitals around the globe are offering stem cell treatments to persons with serious conditions for whom no effective therapies are available in their home countries. Many of these treatments, which are touted as cures for such conditions as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's Diseases, multiple sclerosis, and spinal cord injuries, have not gone through clinical trials that establish their safety and efficacy. Indeed, it is unclear whether some of them even utilize stem cells. State regulation of these therapies tends to (...)
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  27. Epiphenomenalism and the Notion of Causation.Sven Walter, B. McLaughlin & J. Cohen - 2009 - In Martina Fürst, Wolfgang Gombocz & Christian Hiebaum (eds.), Gehirne Und Personen. Ontos.
  28.  24
    Required Reconsideration of "Do-Not-Resuscitate" Orders in the Operating Room and Certain Other Treatment Settings.Cynthia B. Cohen & Peter J. Cohen - 1992 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 20 (4):354-363.
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  29.  47
    Required Reconsideration of "Do-Not-Resuscitate" Orders in the Operating Room and Certain Other Treatment Settings.Cynthia B. Cohen & Peter J. Cohen - 1992 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 20 (4):354-363.
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  30. Human Affairs: An Exposition of What Science Can Do for Man.R. B. Cattell, J. Cohen & R. M. W. Travers - 1939 - Philosophy 14 (54):238-238.
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  31.  4
    The Capacity of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey to Inform the Affordable Care Act.Steven B. Cohen & Joel W. Cohen - 2013 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 50 (2):124-134.
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  32.  4
    Eighty-First Critical Bibliography of The History of Science and Its Cultural Influences.Conway Zirkle, John F. Fulton, I. E. Drabkin, Carl B. Boyer, I. Bernard Cohen & Katharine Strelsky - 1956 - Isis 47 (3):247-360.
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  33. The Birth of Meaning in Hindu Thought.David B. Zilberman & R. Cohen - 1989 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 51 (4):736-736.
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  34.  19
    The Ethics of Smart Pills and Self-Acting Devices: Autonomy, Truth-Telling, and Trust at the Dawn of Digital Medicine.Craig M. Klugman, Laura B. Dunn, Jack Schwartz & I. Glenn Cohen - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (9):38-47.
    Digital medicine is a medical treatment that combines technology with drug delivery. The promises of this combination are continuous and remote monitoring, better disease management, self-tracking, self-management of diseases, and improved treatment adherence. These devices pose ethical challenges for patients, providers, and the social practice of medicine. For patients, having both informed consent and a user agreement raises questions of understanding for autonomy and informed consent, therapeutic misconception, external influences on decision making, confidentiality and privacy, and device dependability. For providers, (...)
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  35. Developing Human-Nonhuman Chimeras in Human Stem Cell Research: Ethical Issues and Boundaries.Phillip Karpowicz, Cynthia B. Cohen & Derek J. Van der Kooy - 2005 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (2):107-134.
    : The transplantation of adult human neural stem cells into prenatal non-humans offers an avenue for studying human neural cell development without direct use of human embryos. However, such experiments raise significant ethical concerns about mixing human and nonhuman materials in ways that could result in the development of human-nonhuman chimeras. This paper examines four arguments against such research, the moral taboo, species integrity, "unnaturalness," and human dignity arguments, and finds the last plausible. It argues that the transfer of human (...)
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  36.  13
    Contextual and Individual Dimensions of Taxpayer Decision Making.Jeffrey Cohen, Gil B. Manzon & Valentina L. Zamora - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 126 (4):1-17.
    We examine whether a taxpayer’s decision to choose a taxpayer-favorable (vs. a taxpayer-unfavorable) characterization of income is associated with contextual and individual dimensions of that decision. Using a 2 × 2 factorial experimental design, we manipulate the prevailing social norm on whether there is a general belief that a specific form of income should be characterized as a capital gain (taxed at a lower tax rate and hence taxpayer favorable) or as ordinary income (taxed at a higher tax rate and (...)
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  37. Applications of Inductive Logic: Proceedings of a Conference at the Queen's College, Oxford 21-24, August 1978.L. Jonathan Cohen & Mary B. Hesse (eds.) - 1980 - Oxford University Press.
  38.  69
    Varieties of Off-Line Simulation.Shaun Nichols, Stephen P. Stich, Alan M. Leslie & David B. Klein - 1996 - In Peter Carruthers & Peter K. Smith (eds.), [Book Chapter]. Cambridge University Press. pp. 39-74.
    The debate over off-line simulation has largely focussed on the capacity to predict behavior, but the basic idea of off-line simulation can be cast in a much broader framework. The central claim of the off-line account of behavior prediction is that the practical reasoning mechanism is taken off-line and used for predicting behavior. However, there's no reason to suppose that the idea of off-line simulation can't be extended to mechanisms other than the practical reasoning system. In principle, any cognitive component (...)
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  39.  21
    Returning Genetic Research Results to Individuals: Points‐to‐Consider.Gaile Renegar, Christopher J. Webster, Steffen Stuerzebecher, Lea Harty, Susan E. Ide, Beth Balkite, Taryn A. Rogalski‐Salter, Nadine Cohen, Brian B. Spear & Diane M. Barnes - 2006 - Bioethics 20 (1):24-36.
  40. What Does God Know? Supernatural Agents' Access to Socially Strategic and Non-Strategic Information.Benjamin G. Purzycki, Daniel N. Finkel, John Shaver, Nathan Wales, Adam B. Cohen & Richard Sosis - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (5):846-869.
    Current evolutionary and cognitive theories of religion posit that supernatural agent concepts emerge from cognitive systems such as theory of mind and social cognition. Some argue that these concepts evolved to maintain social order by minimizing antisocial behavior. If these theories are correct, then people should process information about supernatural agents’ socially strategic knowledge more quickly than non-strategic knowledge. Furthermore, agents’ knowledge of immoral and uncooperative social behaviors should be especially accessible to people. To examine these hypotheses, we measured response-times (...)
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  41.  37
    Oppositionists and Group Norms: The Reciprocal Influence of Whistle-Blowers and Co-Workers. [REVIEW]David B. Greenberger, Marcia P. Miceli & Debra J. Cohen - 1987 - Journal of Business Ethics 6 (7):527-542.
    Who blows the whistle — a loner or a well-liked team player? Which of them is more likely to lead a successful opposition to perceived organizational wrongdoing? The potential influence of co-worker pressures to conform on whistle-blowing activity or the likely effects of whistle-blowing on the group have not been addressed. This paper presents a preliminary model of whistle-blowing as an act of nonconformity. One implication is that the success of an opposition will depend on the characteristics of the whistle-blower (...)
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  42.  80
    Selling Bits and Pieces of Humans to Make Babies: The Gift of the Magi Revisited.Cynthia B. Cohen - 1999 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 24 (3):288 – 306.
    Reproductive medicine, a sector of a health care system increasingly captured by the demands of the marketplace, is enmeshed in a drive to sell certain human bits and pieces, such as gametes, cells, fetal eggs, and fetal ovaries, for reproductive purposes. The ethical objection raised by Kant and Radin to the sale of human organs -that this is incompatible with human dignity and worth - also applies to these sales. Moreover, such sales nullify the reproductive paradigm, irretrievably replacing it with (...)
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  43.  12
    A Mechanism for Error Detection in Speeded Response Time Tasks.Clay B. Holroyd, Nick Yeung, Michael G. H. Coles & Jonathan D. Cohen - 2005 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 134 (2):163-191.
  44.  19
    Returning Genetic Research Results to Individuals: Points-to-Consider.Gaile Renegar, Christopher J. Webster, Steffen Stuerzebecher, Lea Harty, I. D. E. E., Beth Balkite, Taryn A. Rogalski-salter, Nadine Cohen, Brian B. Spear, Diane M. Barnes & Celia Brazell - 2006 - Bioethics 20 (1):24–36.
  45. New Books. [REVIEW]T. B., John Sime, W. H. Winch, W. Leslie Mackenzie, Joseph Rickaby, Norman Smith, M. L., Alfred W. Benn, John Edgar & J. Lewis McIntyre - 1905 - Mind 14 (56):552-567.
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  46. Public Policy and the Sale of Human Organs.Cynthia B. Cohen - 2002 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 12 (1):47-64.
    : Gill and Sade, in the preceding article in this issue of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, argue that living individuals should be free from legal constraints against selling their organs. The present commentary responds to several of their claims. It explains why an analogy between kidneys and blood fails; why, as a matter of public policy, we prohibit the sale of human solid organs, yet allow the sale of blood; and why their attack on Kant's putative argument against (...)
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  47. Discovering Existence with Husserl.Emmanuel Levinas, Richard A. Cohen & Michael B. Smith - 1998 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 190 (4):532-533.
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  48.  97
    Future Directions for Oversight of Stem Cell Research in the United States: An Update.Cynthia B. Cohen & Mary A. Majumder - 2009 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (2):195-200.
  49.  48
    Influence of Physicians' Life Stances on Attitudes to End-of-Life Decisions and Actual End-of-Life Decision-Making in Six Countries.J. Cohen, J. van Delden, F. Mortier, R. Lofmark, M. Norup, C. Cartwright, K. Faisst, C. Canova, B. Onwuteaka-Philipsen & J. Bilsen - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (4):247-253.
    Aim: To examine how physicians’ life stances affect their attitudes to end-of-life decisions and their actual end-of-life decision-making.Methods: Practising physicians from various specialties involved in the care of dying patients in Belgium, Denmark, The Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland and Australia received structured questionnaires on end-of-life care, which included questions about their life stance. Response rates ranged from 53% in Australia to 68% in Denmark. General attitudes, intended behaviour with respect to two hypothetical patients, and actual behaviour were compared between all large (...)
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  50. “Give Me Children or I Shall Die!”: New Reproductive Technologies and Harm to Children.Cynthia B. Cohen - 1996 - Hastings Center Report 26 (2):19-27.
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