Results for 'Leslie M. Kay'

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  1.  25
    Chaotic Itinerancy: Insufficient Perceptual Evidence.Leslie M. Kay - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):819-820.
    Chaotic itinerancy is useful for illustrating transitions in attractor dynamics seen in the olfactory system. Cantor coding is a good model for information processing, but so far it lacks perceptual proof. The theories presented provide a large step toward bridging the use of chaos as an interpretive tool and hard examination of chaotic neural activity during perception.
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  2.  36
    A Developmental Shift in Processes Underlying Successful Belief‐Desire Reasoning.Ori Friedman & Alan M. Leslie - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (6):963-977.
    Young children’s failures in reasoning about beliefs and desires, and especially about false beliefs, have been much studied. However, there are few accounts of successful belief-desire reasoning in older children or adults. An exception to this is a model in which belief attribution is treated as a process wherein an inhibitory system selects the most likely content for the belief to be attributed from amongst several competing contents [Leslie, A. M., & Polizzi, P. (1998). Developmental Science, 1, 247–254]. We (...)
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  3.  9
    W. M. Stanley's Crystallization of the Tobacco Mosaic Virus, 1930-1940.Lily E. Kay - 1986 - Isis 77 (3):450-472.
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  4.  20
    A Handbook of the Troubadours.F. R. P. Akehurst Judith M. Davis.Sarah Kay - 1998 - Speculum 73 (1):143-145.
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  5.  19
    The Political Vision of the "Divine Comedy". Joan M. Ferrante.Richard Kay - 1986 - Speculum 61 (4):925-927.
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  6. Does the Autistic Child Have a “Theory of Mind”?Simon Baron-Cohen, Alan M. Leslie & Uta Frith - 1985 - Cognition 21 (1):37-46.
    We use a new model of metarepresentational development to predict a cognitive deficit which could explain a crucial component of the social impairment in childhood autism. One of the manifestations of a basic metarepresentational capacity is a ‘ theory of mind ’. We have reason to believe that autistic children lack such a ‘ theory ’. If this were so, then they would be unable to impute beliefs to others and to predict their behaviour. This hypothesis was tested using Wimmer (...)
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  7.  33
    Pretense and Representation: The Origins of "Theory of Mind.".Alan M. Leslie - 1987 - Psychological Review 94 (4):412-426.
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  8.  37
    Attitude Towards Religion: Definition, Measurement and Evaluation.Leslie J. Francis & William K. Kay - 1984 - British Journal of Educational Studies 32 (1):45-50.
  9.  11
    Attitude Towards Religion: Definition, Measurement and Evaluation.Revd Dr Leslie J. Francis & William K. Kay - 1984 - British Journal of Educational Studies 32 (1):45-50.
  10.  27
    Domain Specificity in Conceptual Development: Neuropsychological Evidence From Autism.Alan M. Leslie & Laila Thaiss - 1992 - Cognition 43 (3):225-251.
  11. Core Mechanisms in ‘Theory of Mind’.Alan M. Leslie, Ori Friedman & Tim P. German - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (12):528-533.
    Our ability to understand the thoughts and feelings of other people does not initially develop as a theory but as a mechanism. The ‘ theory of mind ’ mechanism is part of the core architecture of the human brain, and is specialized for learning about mental states. Impaired development of this mechanism can have drastic effects on social learning, seen most strikingly in the autistic spectrum disorders. ToMM kick-starts belief–desire attribution but effective reasoning about belief contents depends on a process (...)
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  12. Modularity, Development and "Theory of Mind".Alan M. Leslie & Brian J. Scholl - 1999 - Mind and Language 14 (1):131-153.
    Psychologists and philosophers have recently been exploring whether the mechanisms which underlie the acquisition of ‘theory of mind’ (ToM) are best charac- terized as cognitive modules or as developing theories. In this paper, we attempt to clarify what a modular account of ToM entails, and why it is an attractive type of explanation. Intuitions and arguments in this debate often turn on the role of develop- ment: traditional research on ToM focuses on various developmental sequences, whereas cognitive modules are thought (...)
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  13. Pretending and Believing: Issues in the Theory of ToMM.Alan M. Leslie - 1994 - Cognition 50 (1-3):211-238.
  14.  14
    Do Six-Month-Old Infants Perceive Causality?Alan M. Leslie & Stephanie Keeble - 1987 - Cognition 25 (3):265-288.
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  15.  16
    Prospects for a Cognitive Neuropsychology of Autism: Hobson's Choice.Alan M. Leslie & Uta Frith - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (1):122-131.
  16. Developmental Parallels in Understanding Minds and Bodies.Alan M. Leslie - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (10):459-462.
  17.  78
    Indexing and the Object Concept: Developing `What' and `Where' Systems.Alan M. Leslie, Fei Xu, Patrice D. Tremoulet & Brian J. Scholl - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (1):10-18.
  18. The Generative Basis of Natural Number Concepts.Alan M. Leslie, Rochel Gelman & C. R. Gallistel - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (6):213-218.
    Number concepts must support arithmetic inference. Using this principle, it can be argued that the integer concept of exactly ONE is a necessary part of the psychological foundations of number, as is the notion of the exact equality - that is, perfect substitutability. The inability to support reasoning involving exact equality is a shortcoming in current theories about the development of numerical reasoning. A simple innate basis for the natural number concepts can be proposed that embodies the arithmetic principle, supports (...)
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  19.  57
    The Conceptual Underpinnings of Pretense: Pretending is Not 'Behaving-as-If.'.Ori Friedman & Alan M. Leslie - 2007 - Cognition 105 (1):103-124.
    The ability to engage in and recognize pretend play begins around 18 months. A major challenge for theories of pretense is explaining how children are able to engage in pretense, and how they are able to recognize pretense in others. According to one major account, the metarepresentational theory, young children possess both production and recognition abilities because they possess the mental state concept, PRETEND. According to a more recent rival account, the Behavioral theory, young children are behaviorists about pretense, and (...)
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  20. Transgressors, Victims, and Cry Babies: Is Basic Moral Judgment Spared in Autism?Alan M. Leslie & Ron Mallon - 2006 - Social Neuroscience 1:270283.
    Human social intelligence comprises a wide range of complex cognitive and affective processes that appear to be selectively impaired in autistic spectrum disorders. The study of these neuro- developmental disorders and the study of canonical social intelligence have advanced rapidly over the last twenty years by investigating the two together. Specifically, studies of autism have provided important insights into the nature of ‘theory of mind’ abilities, their normal development and underlying neural systems. At the same time, the idea of impaired (...)
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  21.  78
    Varieties of Off-Line Simulation.Shaun Nichols, Stephen P. Stich, Alan M. Leslie & David B. Klein - 1996 - In Peter Carruthers & Peter K. Smith (eds.), [Book Chapter]. Cambridge University Press. pp. 39-74.
    The debate over off-line simulation has largely focussed on the capacity to predict behavior, but the basic idea of off-line simulation can be cast in a much broader framework. The central claim of the off-line account of behavior prediction is that the practical reasoning mechanism is taken off-line and used for predicting behavior. However, there's no reason to suppose that the idea of off-line simulation can't be extended to mechanisms other than the practical reasoning system. In principle, any cognitive component (...)
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  22.  91
    Essentialist Beliefs About Bodily Transplants in the United States and India.Meredith Meyer, Sarah-Jane Leslie, Susan A. Gelman & Sarah M. Stilwell - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (1):668-710.
    Psychological essentialism is the belief that some internal, unseen essence or force determines the common outward appearances and behaviors of category members. We investigated whether reasoning about transplants of bodily elements showed evidence of essentialist thinking. Both Americans and Indians endorsed the possibility of transplants conferring donors' personality, behavior, and luck on recipients, consistent with essentialism. Respondents also endorsed essentialist effects even when denying that transplants would change a recipient's category membership (e.g., predicting that a recipient of a pig's heart (...)
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  23. How to Acquire a 'Representational Theory of Mind'.Alan M. Leslie - 2000 - In Dan Sperber (ed.), Metarepresentations: A Multidisciplinary Perspective. Oxford University Press. pp. 197--223.
  24.  25
    Solving Belief Problems: Toward a Task Analysis.Daniel Roth & Alan M. Leslie - 1998 - Cognition 66 (1):1-31.
  25.  12
    Presumed Innocent? How Tacit Assumptions of Intentional Structure Shape Moral Judgment.Sydney Levine, John Mikhail & Alan M. Leslie - 2018 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 147 (11):1728-1747.
  26.  17
    A Memory Span of One? Object Identification in 6.5-Month-Old Infants.Zsuzsa Káldy & Alan M. Leslie - 2005 - Cognition 97 (2):153-177.
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  27. Transgressors, Victims, and Cry Babies: Is Basic Moral Judgment Spared in Autism?Ron Mallon, Alan M. Leslie & Jennifer DiCorcia - unknown - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    of (from Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) forthcoming in Social Neuroscience. [nearly final draft in .pdf] An empirical investigation of moral judgment in autism.
     
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  28.  22
    Is Young Children’s Recognition of Pretense Metarepresentational or Merely Behavioral? Evidence From 2- and 3-Year-Olds’ Understanding of Pretend Sounds and Speech.Ori Friedman, Karen R. Neary, Corinna L. Burnstein & Alan M. Leslie - 2010 - Cognition 115 (2):314-319.
  29.  1
    Indexing and the Object Concept:” What” and” Where” in Infancy.Alan M. Leslie, Fei Xu, Patrice D. Tremoulet & Brian J. Scholl - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (1):10-18.
  30. Attending to and Learning About Mental States.Tim P. German & Alan M. Leslie - 2000 - In P. Mitchell & Kevin J. Riggs (eds.), Children's Reasoning and the Mind. Psychology Press/Taylor & Francis. pp. 229--252.
  31.  33
    Bispectral Index Monitoring to Prevent Awareness During Anaesthesia: The B-Aware Randomised Controlled Trial.P. S. Myles, K. Leslie, J. McNeil, A. Forbes & M. T. V. Chan - 2004 - Lancet 363 (9423).
  32.  23
    The Mental Representation of Human Action.Sydney Levine, Alan M. Leslie & John Mikhail - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (4):1229-1264.
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  33.  37
    Choice Effects and the Ineffectiveness of Simulation.Shaun Nichols, Stephen P. Stich & Alan M. Leslie - 1995 - Mind and Language 10 (4):437-45.
  34.  13
    Is Implicit Theory of Mind the ‘Real Deal’? The Own‐Belief/True‐Belief Default in Adults and Young Preschoolers.Lu Wang & Alan M. Leslie - 2016 - Mind and Language 31 (2):147-176.
    Recent studies reveal spontaneous implicit false-belief understanding in infancy. But is this early ability genuine theory-of-mind? Spontaneous tasks may allow early success by eliminating the selection-response bias thought to underlie later failure on standard tasks. However, using anticipatory eye gaze, we find the same bias in non-verbal tasks in both preschoolers and adults. We argue that the bias arises from theory-of-mind competence itself and takes the form of a rational prior to attribute one's own belief to others. Our discussion then (...)
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  35. Knowledge and Ability in "Theory of Mind": A One-Eyed Overview of a Debate.Alan M. Leslie & T. P. German - 1995 - In Martin Davies & Tony Stone (eds.), Mental Simulation. Blackwell. pp. 123--151.
     
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  36. Nurses' Perspectives of Hospital Ethics Committees.Holly A. Stadler, J. M. Morrissey, J. E. Tucker, J. A. Paige, J. E. McWilliams, D. Kay & B. Williams-Rice - 1994 - Bioethics Forum 10 (4):61-65.
  37.  24
    Metarepresentation and Autism: How Not to Lose One's Marbles.Alan M. Leslie & Uta Frith - 1987 - Cognition 27 (3):291-294.
  38.  92
    New Books. [REVIEW]F. C. S. Schiller, W. Leslie Mackenzie, P. E. Winter, M. D., T. B., W. J., H. A., D. M. & C. A. F. Rhys Davids - 1907 - Mind 16 (64):605-618.
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  39.  24
    The Role of Victims' Emotions in Preschoolers' Moral Judgments.Deena Skolnick Weisberg & Alan M. Leslie - 2012 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (3):439-455.
    Do victims’ emotions underlie preschoolers’ moral judgment abilities? Study 1 asked preschoolers (n = 72) to judge actions directed at characters who could and could not feel hurt and who did and did not cry. These judgments took into account only the nature of the action, not the nature of the victim. To further investigate how victims’ emotions might impact children’s moral judgments, Study 2 presented preschoolers (n = 37) with stories that varied in transgression type (Moral, Conventional, or None) (...)
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  40.  33
    No (Social) Construction Without (Meta-)Representation: Modular Mechanisms as a Basis for the Capacity to Acquire an Understanding of Mind.Tim P. German & Alan M. Leslie - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (1):106-107.
    Theories that propose a modular basis for developing a “theory of mind” have no problem accommodating social interaction or social environment factors into either the learning process, or into the genotypes underlying the growth of the neurocognitive modules. Instead, they can offer models which constrain and hence explain the mechanisms through which variations in social interaction affect development. Cognitive models of both competence and performance are critical to evaluating the basis of correlations between variations in social interaction and performance on (...)
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  41.  38
    Barriers to Gender Equality in the Canadian Legal Establishment.Fiona M. Kay & Joan Brockman - 2000 - Feminist Legal Studies 8 (2):169-198.
    In this paper we trace the historical exclusion of women from the legal profession in Canada. We examine women’s efforts to gain entry to law practice and their progress through the last century. The battle to gain entry to this exclusive profession took place on many fronts: in the courts, government legislature, public debate and media, and behind the closed doors of the law societies. After formal barriers to entry were dismantled, women continued to confront formidable barriers through overt and (...)
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  42.  24
    Even a Theory-Theory Needs Information Processing: ToMM, an Alternative Theory-Theory of the Child's Theory of Mind.Alan M. Leslie, Tim P. German & Francesca G. Happé - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):56-57.
  43. Anderson, SW, 7.A. Bechara, L. Bonatti, L. Cosmides, A. Cutler, A. R. Damasio, H. Damasio, P. D. Eimas, A. M. Leslie, W. J. M. Levelt & J. Mehler - 1994 - Cognition 50 (469):469.
     
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  44. Number 1 Regular Articles.Josep Call, Olga Kochukhova, Gustaf Gredebäck, Sorel Cahan, Yaniv Mor, Nina Kazanina, Colin Phillips, Ori Friedman, Alan M. Leslie & Susan A. Gelman - 2007 - Cognition 105:726-729.
     
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  45.  27
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]William T. Lowe, Jack K. Campbell, Jack Conrad Willers, John R. Thelin, Barbara Townsend, W. Bruce Leslie, Defalco, Frederick L. Silverman, Edward G. Rozycki, Gertrude Langsam, Alanson van Fleet, Michael Story, James M. Giarelli, J. J. Chambliss, J. E. Christensen & Kenneth C. Schmidt - 1982 - Educational Studies 13 (1):51-86.
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  46.  10
    Intrafamilial Phenotypic Variability in the C9orf72 Gene Expansion: 2 Case Studies.David Foxe, Elle Elan, James R. Burrell, Felicity V. C. Leslie, Emma Devenney, John B. Kwok, Glenda M. Halliday, John R. Hodges & Olivier Piguet - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  47.  20
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Charles R. Kniker, Sterling Fishman, Melvin Ezer, Andrew Spaull, Carlton H. Bowyer, John M. Mcquiston, John Halsey, W. Bruce Leslie, Victor N. Kobayashi & Gail P. Kelly - 1987 - Educational Studies 18 (3):374-413.
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  48.  7
    Alchian and 'the Alchian Thesis'.Neil M. Kay - 1995 - Journal of Economic Methodology 2 (2):281-286.
    Armen Alchian's article ?Uncertainty, evolution and economic theory? is widely acknowledged as a classic contribution to economics. Its prominence is due in part to Milton Friedman citing it as an influence on his thesis that processes of natural selection produce profit-maximising firms, and this in turn has been widely labelled ?The Alchian-Friedman Argument? or ?The Alchian thesis? in the economic literature. In fact, ?The Alchian thesis? - that natural selection produces profit-maximising firms - is one to which Alchian did not (...)
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  49.  23
    Weight Management: A Survey of Current Practice in Secondary Care NHS Settings in 2004.W. S. Leslie, C. R. Hankey, L. McCombie & M. E. J. Lean - 2005 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 11 (5):462-467.
  50.  37
    Recent Developments in Health Care Law: Partners in Innovation.M. Berry Roberta, Sylvia Caley Lisa Bliss, A. Lombardo Paul, Jonathan Todres Jerri Nims Rooker & E. Wolf Leslie - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (2):85-116.
    This article reviews recent developments in health care law, focusing on the engagement of law as a partner in health care innovation. The article addresses: the history and contents of recent United States federal law restricting the use of genetic information by insurers and employers; the recent federal policy recommending routine HIV testing; the recent revision of federal policy regarding the funding of human embryonic stem cell research; the history, current status, and need for future attention to advance directives; the (...)
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