Results for 'Leszek Ko��akowski'

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  1. On Leszek Ko Akowski's Philosophy of Religion.M. Prze Ecki & S. Rainko - 1986 - Dialectics and Humanism 13 (1):143-155.
     
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  2.  8
    The Idea of the University.Jerzy Brzeziński & Leszek Nowak (eds.) - 1997 - Rodopi.
    Contents: INTRODUCTION. Kazimierz TWARDOWSKI: The Majesty of the University. I. Zygmunt ZIEMBI??N??SKI: What Can Be Saved of the Idea of the University? Leszek KO??l??AKOWSKI: What Are Universities for? Leon GUMA??N??SKI: The Ideal University and Reality. Zygmunt BAUMAN: The Present Crisis of the Universities. II. Kazimierz AJDUKIEWICZ: On Freedom of Science. Henryk SAMSONOWICZ: Universities and Democracy. Jerzy TOPOLSKI: The Commonwealth of Scholars and New Conceptions of Truth. Klemens SZANIAWSKI: Plus ratio quam vis. III. Leon KOJ: Science, Teaching and Values. Klemens (...)
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  3.  13
    Practice and the Social Factor in Cognition: Polish Marxist Epistemology Since Ko?Akowski.Edward Swiderski - 1980 - Studies in Soviet Thought 21 (4):341-362.
  4.  13
    Internal Bolshevisation? Elite Social Science Training in Stalinist Poland.John Connelly - 1996 - Minerva 34 (4):323-346.
    From the viewpoint of its Stalinist-era creators, the IKKN/INS could at best be described as a mixed success. Despite heroic efforts, it failed to train the cadres that might have permeated Polish scholarship with Marxism-Leninism. If it was the major channel for transmitting Soviet experience to Polish academia, then Poland's universities would not learn to be Soviet—the Polish historian Jerzy Halbersztadt has made the point that the institute was the only direct conduit of Soviet experience into Polish academic life. It (...)
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  5.  30
    Leszek Nowak, U Podstaw Marksowskiej Metodologii Nauk. [REVIEW]Leszek Nowak - 1974 - Dialectics and Humanism 1 (2):171-173.
  6.  35
    The Common Cause Principle. Explanation Via Screening Off.Leszek Wronski - 2010 - Dissertation, Jagiellonian University
    My Ph.D. dissertation written under the supervision of Prof. Tomasz Placek at the Institute of Philosophy of the Jagiellonian University in Kraków. In one of its most basic and informal shapes, the principle of the common cause states that any surprising correlation between two factors which are believed not to directly influence one another is due to their common cause. Here we will be concerned with a version od this idea which possesses a purely probabilistic formulation. It was introduced, in (...)
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  7.  50
    Beyond Linear Conciliation.Ko-Hung Kuan - forthcoming - Synthese:1-22.
    Formal epistemologists criticise the Conciliatory View of peer disagreement for being non-commutative with conditionalisation, path dependent and does not preserve the independence between propositions. Failing to commute with conditionalisation, one may switch the order between conciliating and conditionalising and obtain different outcomes. Failing to be path independent, the outcome of conciliation varies with the order of the acquisition of new testimonies. Failing to preserve the independence between propositions, one may suffer from a sure-loss and hence be deemed irrational. The three (...)
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  8. Matthias Koßler, Substantielles Wissen und subjektives Handeln. Dargestellt in einem Vergleich von Hegel und Schopenhauer. [REVIEW]Matthias Koßler - 1992 - Schopenhauer Jahrbuch:167-172.
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  9.  2
    Introducing the Ko Corpus of Korean Mother–Child Interaction.Eon-Suk Ko, Jinyoung Jo, Kyung-Woon On & Byoung-Tak Zhang - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    We describe a corpus of speech taking place between 30 Korean mother–child pairs, divided in three groups of Prelexical, Early-Lexical, and Advanced-Lexical. In addition to the child-directed speech, this corpus includes two different formalities of adult-directed speech, i.e., family-directed ADS and experimenter-directed ADS. Our analysis of the MLU in CDS, family-, and experimenter-directed ADS found significant differences between CDS and ADS_Fam, and between ADS_Fam and ADS_Exp, but not between CDS and ADS_Exp. Our finding suggests that researchers should pay more attention (...)
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  10.  94
    On Minkowskian Branching Structures.Leszek Wroński & Tomasz Placek - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 40 (3):251-258.
    We introduce the notion of a Minkowskian Branching Structure ("MBS" for short). Then we prove some results concerning the phenomenon of funny business in its finitary and infinitary variants.
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  11.  1
    Religion: If There is No God--: On God, the Devil, Sin, and Other Worries of the so-Called Philosophy of Religion.Leszek Kołakowski - 1982 - St. Augustine's Press.
    Leszek Kolakowski discusses, in a highly original way, the arguments for and against the existence of God as they have been conducted through the ages. He examines the critiques of religious belief, from the Epicureans through Nietzsche to contemporary anthropological inquiry, the assumptions that underlie them, and the counter-arguments of such apologists as Descartes, Leibniz, and Pascal. His exploration of the philosophy of religion covers the historical discussions of the nature and existence of evil, the importance of the concepts (...)
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  12.  8
    Extra-Legal Values in Judicial Interpretation of Law: A Model Reasoning and Few Examples.Leszek Leszczyński - 2020 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 33 (4):1073-1087.
    The aim of the paper is to analyze the types of interpretative reasoning determining the content of extra-legal criteria contained in general reference clauses. This construction, despite its normative foundation, detaches itself from the intention of the legislator much more than e.g. the principles of law, at the same time extending deliberately judicial discretion. Extra-legal values, identified by courts as to their type and their content, then confronted with internal legal axiology and concretized with respect to the facts of the (...)
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  13.  8
    Reichenbach’s Paradise Constructing the Realm of Probabilistic Common “Causes”.Leszek Wroński - 2014 - De Gruyter Open.
  14.  29
    On the (Idealizational) Structure of Economic Theories.Leszek Nowak - 1989 - Erkenntnis 30 (1-2):225 - 246.
  15.  2
    Leszek Kołakowski on Heresy.Piotr Żuk & Barbara Komorowska - 2020 - History of European Ideas 46 (8):1059-1077.
    ABSTRACT The following text is a large fragment of the lectures on heresy that Leszek Kołakowski gave between November 1982 and February 1983 on the Polish radio station Radio Free Europe. These lectures have never been published in English. They were only published under the title ‘Herezja’ in Poland after the author’s death in 2010 by the publishing company Znak. Kołakowski raises the universal and timeless issues of tolerance, ideological struggles, protection of doctrine by religious institutions and the changing (...)
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  16.  4
    Positivist Philosophy From Hume to the Vienna Circle.Leszek Kołakowski - 1972 - Harmondsworth, Penguin.
  17.  24
    The Polynomial and Linear Hierarchies in Models Where the Weak Pigeonhole Principle Fails.Leszek Aleksander Kołodziejczyk & Neil Thapen - 2008 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 73 (2):578-592.
    We show, under the assumption that factoring is hard, that a model of PV exists in which the polynomial hierarchy does not collapse to the linear hierarchy; that a model of S21 exists in which NP is not in the second level of the linear hierarchy; and that a model of S21 exists in which the polynomial hierarchy collapses to the linear hierarchy. Our methods are model-theoretic. We use the assumption about factoring to get a model in which the weak (...)
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  18.  17
    Husserl and the Search for Certitude.Leszek Kołakowski - 1975 - St. Augustine's Press.
    First lecture: The end -- Second lecture: The means -- Third lecture: The achievements.
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  19.  33
    Modernity on Endless Trial.Leszek Kolakowski - 1997 - University of Chicago Press.
    Leszek Kolakowski delves into some of the most intellectually vigorous questions of our time in this remarkable collection of essays garnished with his characteristic wit. Ten of the essays have never appeared before in English. "Exemplary.
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  20.  25
    Only Countable Reichenbachian Common Cause Systems Exist.Leszek Wroński & Michał Marczyk - 2010 - Foundations of Physics 40 (8):1155-1160.
    In this paper we give a positive answer to a problem posed by Hofer-Szabó and Rédei (Int. J. Theor. Phys. 43:1819–1826, 2004) regarding the existence of infinite Reichenbachian common cause systems (RCCSs). An example of a countably infinite RCCS is presented. It is also determined that no RCCSs of greater cardinality exist.
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  21.  26
    Reichenbach's Paradise.Leszek Wroński - 2014 - De Gruyter Open.
    Since its introduction by Hans Reichenbach, many philosophers have claimed to refute the idea – known as the common cause principle – that any surprising correlation between any two factors that do not directly influence one another is due to some common cause. For example, falsity of the principle is frequently inferred from falsifiability of Bell’s inequalities. The author demonstrates, however, that the situation is not so straightforward. There is more than one version of the principle formulated with the use (...)
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  22.  33
    A New Notion of Causal Closedness.Leszek Wroński & Michał Marczyk - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (S3):1-26.
    In recent years part of the literature on probabilistic causality concerned notions stemming from Reichenbach’s idea of explaining correlations between not directly causally related events by referring to their common causes. A few related notions have been introduced, e.g. that of a “common cause system” (Hofer-Szabó and Rédei in Int J Theor Phys 43(7/8):1819–1826, 2004) and “causal (N-)closedness” of probability spaces (Gyenis and Rédei in Found Phys 34(9):1284–1303, 2004; Hofer-Szabó and Rédei in Found Phys 36(5):745–756, 2006). In this paper we (...)
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  23.  51
    Why is There Something Rather Than Nothing?: 23 Questions From Great Philosophers.Leszek Kołakowski - 2007 - Basic Books.
    Can nature make us happy? How can we know anything? What is justice? Why is there evil in the world? What is the source of truth? Is it possible for God not to exist? Can we really believe what we see? There are questions that have intrigued the world's great thinkers over the ages, which still touch a chord in all of us today. They are questions that can teach us about the way we live, work, relate to each other (...)
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  24. The Alienation of Reason.Leszek Kołakowski - 1968 - Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday.
     
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  25.  2
    Implementing Prior Judicial Decisions as Precedents: The Context of Application and Justification.Leszek Leszczyński - 2020 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 33 (1):231-244.
    The paper concerns the conditions and methods of using previous judicial decisions as a kind of precedents in the processes of application of law within the statutory legal order. The use of such decisions, not announced by the legislator, depends on the courts, undertaking such actions on the grounds of similarity of cases or of decisional processes. Such decisions do not become an exclusive validation argument and may create a situation of their potential conflict with legal regulations as well as (...)
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  26.  2
    Freedom, Fame, Lying, and Betrayal: Essays on Everyday Life.Leszek Kołakowski - 1999 - Westview Press.
    Polish philosopher Leszek Kolakowski is renowned worldwide for wrestling with serious philosophical conundrums with dazzling elegance. In this new book, he turns his characteristic wit to important themes of ordinary life, from the need for freedom to the wheel of fortune, from the nature of God to the ambiguities of betrayal. Extremely lucid and lacking in intellectual pretension, these essays speak in everyday language, spurring the reader’s own thoughts and providing a handle on which to debate and think about (...)
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  27.  1
    The Presence of Myth.Leszek Kolakowski - 1989 - University of Chicago Press.
    "[An] important essay by a philosopher who more convincingly than any other I can think of demonstrates the continuing significance of his vocation in the life of our culture."--Karsten Harries, The New York Times Book Review With The Presence of Myth , Kolakowski demonstrates that no matter how hard man strives for purely rational thought, there has always been-and always will be-a reservoir of mythical images that lend "being" and "consciousness" a specifically human meaning. "Kolakowski undertakes a philosophy of culture (...)
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  28. Probability Description and Entropy of Classical and Quantum Systems.Margarita A. Man’ko & Vladimir I. Man’ko - 2011 - Foundations of Physics 41 (3):330-344.
    Tomographic approach to describing both the states in classical statistical mechanics and the states in quantum mechanics using the fair probability distributions is reviewed. The entropy associated with the probability distribution (tomographic entropy) for classical and quantum systems is studied. The experimental possibility to check the inequalities like the position–momentum uncertainty relations and entropic uncertainty relations are considered.
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  29.  31
    Branching Space-Times and Parallel Processing.Leszek Wronski - 2012 - In Hanne Andersen, Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao González, Thomas Uebel & Gregory Wheeler (eds.), New Challenges to Philosophy of Science. Springer. pp. 135-148.
    There is a remarkable similarity between some mathematical objects used in the Branching Space-Times framework and those appearing in computer science in the fields of event structures for concurrent processing and Chu spaces. This paper introduces the similarities and formulates a few open questions for further research, hoping that both BST theorists and computer scientists can benefit from the project.
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  30. Chapter Four Divine Paradox and Harmony: Whitehead and Jung on the Love of God Young Woon Ko.Young Woon Ko - 2007 - In Thomas Jay Oord (ed.), The Many Facets of Love: Philosophical Explorations. Cambridge Scholars Press.
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  31.  31
    On the Herbrand Notion of Consistency for Finitely Axiomatizable Fragments of Bounded Arithmetic Theories.Leszek Aleksander Kołodziejczyk - 2006 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 71 (2):624 - 638.
    Modifying the methods of Z. Adamowicz's paper Herbrand consistency and bounded arithmetic [3] we show that there exists a number n such that ⋃m Sm (the union of the bounded arithmetic theories Sm) does not prove the Herbrand consistency of the finitely axiomatizable theory $S_{3}^{n}$.
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  32. On Infinite EPR-Like Correlations.Tomasz Placek & Leszek Wroński - 2009 - Synthese 167 (1):1-32.
    The paper investigates, in the framework of branching space–times, whether an infinite EPR-like correlation which does not involve finite EPR-like correlations is possible.
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  33.  10
    Arthur Coleman Danto (1924–2013).Leszek Sosnowski - 2014 - Diametros 39:241-247.
  34.  28
    Perceptual Representation and Effectiveness of Local Figure–Ground Cues in Natural Contours.Ko Sakai, Shouhei Matsuoka, Ken Kurematsu & Yasuhiro Hatori - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  35.  25
    Completion of the Causal Completability Problem.Michał Marczyk & Leszek Wroński - 2015 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 66 (2):307-326.
    We give a few results concerning the notions of causal completability and causal closedness of classical probability spaces . We prove that any classical probability space has a causally closed extension; any finite classical probability space with positive rational probabilities on the atoms of the event algebra can be extended to a causally up-to-three-closed finite space; and any classical probability space can be extended to a space in which all correlations between events that are logically independent modulo measure zero event (...)
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  36.  43
    Ethical Leadership: An Integrative Review and Future Research Agenda.Changsuk Ko, Jianhong Ma, Roman Bartnik, Mark H. Haney & Mingu Kang - 2018 - Ethics and Behavior 28 (2):104-132.
    Over the past decade, ethical leadership has increasingly become one of the most popular topics in the areas of leadership and business ethics. As a result, there now exists a substantial body of empirical research addressing ethical leadership issues, but the findings reported by this body of research are highly fragmented. The topic has advanced to the stage where a review and synthesis of existing literature can provide great value and help move the scholarly conversation forward. The primary purposes of (...)
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  37. The Structure of Idealisation: Towards a Systematic Interpretation of the Marxian Idea of Science.Leszek Nowak - 1984 - Studia Logica 43 (3):309-311.
  38. KOL-AKOWSKI, L.(2007). Por qué tengo razón en todo Barcelona: Melusina, 347 p.Martha Palacio Avendaño - 2009 - Enrahonar 42:243.
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  39. Wielbłąd, lew, dziecko. Analiza i rekonstrukcja trzech przemian mędrca Zaratustry.Leszek Galas - 2019 - Humanistyka I Przyrodoznawstwo 24:375-390.
    Celem artykułu jest próba rekonstrukcji rozwoju duchowego Zaratustry, głównego bohatera dzieła Nietzschego Tako rzecze Zaratustra. Ów rozwój polega na osiąganiu trzech stadiów świadomości: fazy konformistycznego wielbłąda, przepełnionego negacją lwa i finalnie dziecka afirmującego życie. Metodologia badań zastosowana w artykule opiera się na analizie, rekonstrukcji i syntezie tekstu Tako rzecze Zaratustra. Przeprowadzone badania osadzone są w kontekście tezy Heideggera o komplementarności głównych aspektów nietzscheanizmu: woli mocy i wiecznego powrotu. Zaratustra, aby przeistoczyć się w lwa, a następnie w dziecko, będzie musiał odkryć (...)
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  40. Customers’ Experiences of Compassion and Brand Attitude: Evidence From Low-Cost Carriers.Sung-Hoon Ko, Yongjun Choi & Jongsung Kim - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of compassion experienced by low-cost carriers customers on their brand attitudes. Specifically, this study aims to unbox the mechanisms through how the customers’ experiences of compassion influence the formation of positive brand attitudes. Using the data from 423 low-cost carriers customers in South Korea, this study found that the more low-cost carriers’ customers experience compassion, the more positive their brand attitudes are toward the low-cost carriers. Notably, this study demonstrated that (...)
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  41.  4
    The Transformation from Traditional Nonprofit Organizations to Social Enterprises: An Institutional Entrepreneurship Perspective.Wai Wai Ko & Gordon Liu - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 171 (1):15-32.
    The development of commercial revenue streams allows traditional nonprofit organizations to increase financial certainty in response to the reduction of traditional funding sources and increased competition. In order to capture commercial revenue-generating opportunities, traditional nonprofit organizations need to deliberately transform themselves into social enterprises. Through the theoretical lens of institutional entrepreneurship, we explore the institutional work that supports this transformation by analyzing field interviews with 64 institutional entrepreneurs from UK-based social enterprises. We find that the route to incorporate commercial processes (...)
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  42.  24
    Belief Update Methods and Rules—Some Comparisons.Leszek Wroński - 2016 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 3.
    We tackle two open questions from Leitgeb and Pettigrew (2010b) regarding what the belief update framework described in that paper mandates as correct responses to two problems. One of them concerns credences in overlapping propositions and is known in the literature as the “simultaneous update problem”. The other is the well known “Judy Benjamin” problem concerning conditional credences. We argue that our results concerning the problems point to deficiencies of the framework. More generally, we observe that the method of minimizing (...)
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  43.  54
    Laws of Science, Theories, Measurement: (Comments on Ernest Nagel's the Structure of Science).Leszek Nowak - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (4):533-548.
  44.  20
    Fragments of Approximate Counting.Samuel R. Buss, Leszek Aleksander Kołodziejczyk & Neil Thapen - 2014 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 79 (2):496-525.
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  45. Towards a New Theory of Historical Counterfactuals.Jacek Wawer & Leszek Wroński - 2015 - In Pavel Arazim & Michal Dancak (eds.), Logica Yearbook 2014. College Publications. pp. 293-310.
    We investigate the semantics of historical counterfactuals in indeterministic contexts. We claim that "plain" and "necessitated" counterfactuals differ in meaning. To substantiate this claim, we propose a new semantic treatment of historical counterfactuals in the Branching Time framework. We supplement our semantics with supervaluationist postsemantics, thanks to which we can explain away the intuitions which seem to talk in favor of the identification of "would" with "would necessarily".
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  46.  47
    God Owes Us Nothing: A Brief Remark on Pascal's Religion and on the Spirit of Jansenism.Leszek Kołakowski - 1995 - University of Chicago Press.
    God Owes Us Nothing reflects on the centuries-long debate in Christianity: how do we reconcile the existence of evil in the world with the goodness of an omnipotent God, and how does God's omnipotence relate to people's responsibility for their own salvation or damnation. Leszek Kolakowski approaches this paradox as both an exercise in theology and in revisionist Christian history based on philosophical analysis. Kolakowski's unorthodox interpretation of the history of modern Christianity provokes renewed discussion about the historical, intellectual, (...)
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  47.  20
    Is It the Principal Principle That Implies the Principle of Indifference?Balazs Gyenis & Leszek Wronski - 2017 - In Gábor Hofer-Szabó & Leszek Wroński (eds.), Making it Formally Explicit: Probability, Causality and Indeterminism. Springer International Publishing.
    Hawthorne, Landes, Wallmann and Williamson argue that the Principal Principle implies a version of the Principle of Indifference. We show that what the Authors take to be the Principle of Indifference can be obtained without invoking anything which would seem to be related to the Principal Principle. In the Appendix we also discuss several Conditions proposed in the same paper.
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  48.  28
    On a Conjecture by San Pedro.Leszek Wroński - 2014 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 4 (3):361-368.
    In a recent paper in this Journal Iñaki San Pedro put forward a conjecture regarding the relationship between no-conspiracy and parameter independence in EPR scenarios; namely, that violation of the former implies violation of the latter. He also offered an argument supporting the conjecture. In this short note I present a method of constructing counterexamples to the conjecture and point to a mistake in the argument.
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  49.  20
    Kolakowski, Leszek. God Owes Us Nothing: A Brief Remark on Pascal's Religion and on the Spirit of Jansenism. [REVIEW]John C. McCarthy - 1997 - Review of Metaphysics 50 (3):669-671.
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  50.  18
    Truth, KoΣmoΣ, and Apeth in the Homeric Poems.A. W. H. Adkins - 1972 - Classical Quarterly 22 (01):5-.
    A number of scholars have discussed the difficulty of preserving accurately—or at all—information about the past1 in the Greek Dark Ages when the literacy of Minoan/Mycenean Greece had been lost. Such preservation necessarily depended on the memories of the members of the society, especially those of the professional ‘rememberers’, the bards of the oral tradition: in such a society, if knowledge of an event is to be available to future generations, it must not be forgotten.
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