Results for 'Leszek Misiarczyk'

526 found
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  1.  9
    Apokatástasis realizzata, attuale e futura nella tradizione patristica preorlgeniana.Leszek Misiarczyk - 2008 - Augustinianum 48 (1):33-58.
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  2.  29
    Leszek Nowak, U Podstaw Marksowskiej Metodologii Nauk. [REVIEW]Leszek Nowak - 1974 - Dialectics and Humanism 1 (2):171-173.
  3.  92
    On Minkowskian Branching Structures.Leszek Wroński & Tomasz Placek - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 40 (3):251-258.
    We introduce the notion of a Minkowskian Branching Structure ("MBS" for short). Then we prove some results concerning the phenomenon of funny business in its finitary and infinitary variants.
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  4.  6
    Reichenbach’s Paradise Constructing the Realm of Probabilistic Common “Causes”.Leszek Wroński - 2014 - De Gruyter Open.
  5.  33
    Modernity on Endless Trial.Leszek Kolakowski - 1997 - University of Chicago Press.
    Leszek Kolakowski delves into some of the most intellectually vigorous questions of our time in this remarkable collection of essays garnished with his characteristic wit. Ten of the essays have never appeared before in English. "Exemplary.
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  6.  22
    Only Countable Reichenbachian Common Cause Systems Exist.Leszek Wroński & Michał Marczyk - 2010 - Foundations of Physics 40 (8):1155-1160.
    In this paper we give a positive answer to a problem posed by Hofer-Szabó and Rédei (Int. J. Theor. Phys. 43:1819–1826, 2004) regarding the existence of infinite Reichenbachian common cause systems (RCCSs). An example of a countably infinite RCCS is presented. It is also determined that no RCCSs of greater cardinality exist.
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  7.  34
    The Common Cause Principle. Explanation Via Screening Off.Leszek Wronski - 2010 - Dissertation, Jagiellonian University
    My Ph.D. dissertation written under the supervision of Prof. Tomasz Placek at the Institute of Philosophy of the Jagiellonian University in Kraków. In one of its most basic and informal shapes, the principle of the common cause states that any surprising correlation between two factors which are believed not to directly influence one another is due to their common cause. Here we will be concerned with a version od this idea which possesses a purely probabilistic formulation. It was introduced, in (...)
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  8. The Structure of Idealisation: Towards a Systematic Interpretation of the Marxian Idea of Science.Leszek Nowak - 1984 - Studia Logica 43 (3):309-311.
  9.  53
    Laws of Science, Theories, Measurement: (Comments on Ernest Nagel's the Structure of Science).Leszek Nowak - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (4):533-548.
  10.  25
    Reichenbach's Paradise.Leszek Wroński - 2014 - De Gruyter Open.
    Since its introduction by Hans Reichenbach, many philosophers have claimed to refute the idea – known as the common cause principle – that any surprising correlation between any two factors that do not directly influence one another is due to some common cause. For example, falsity of the principle is frequently inferred from falsifiability of Bell’s inequalities. The author demonstrates, however, that the situation is not so straightforward. There is more than one version of the principle formulated with the use (...)
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  11. Positivist Philosophy From Hume to the Vienna Circle.Leszek Kołakowski - 1972 - Harmondsworth, Penguin.
  12.  8
    Extra-Legal Values in Judicial Interpretation of Law: A Model Reasoning and Few Examples.Leszek Leszczyński - 2020 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 33 (4):1073-1087.
    The aim of the paper is to analyze the types of interpretative reasoning determining the content of extra-legal criteria contained in general reference clauses. This construction, despite its normative foundation, detaches itself from the intention of the legislator much more than e.g. the principles of law, at the same time extending deliberately judicial discretion. Extra-legal values, identified by courts as to their type and their content, then confronted with internal legal axiology and concretized with respect to the facts of the (...)
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  13.  32
    A New Notion of Causal Closedness.Leszek Wroński & Michał Marczyk - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (S3):1-26.
    In recent years part of the literature on probabilistic causality concerned notions stemming from Reichenbach’s idea of explaining correlations between not directly causally related events by referring to their common causes. A few related notions have been introduced, e.g. that of a “common cause system” (Hofer-Szabó and Rédei in Int J Theor Phys 43(7/8):1819–1826, 2004) and “causal (N-)closedness” of probability spaces (Gyenis and Rédei in Found Phys 34(9):1284–1303, 2004; Hofer-Szabó and Rédei in Found Phys 36(5):745–756, 2006). In this paper we (...)
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  14.  28
    On the (Idealizational) Structure of Economic Theories.Leszek Nowak - 1989 - Erkenntnis 30 (1-2):225 - 246.
  15.  28
    On a Conjecture by San Pedro.Leszek Wroński - 2014 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 4 (3):361-368.
    In a recent paper in this Journal Iñaki San Pedro put forward a conjecture regarding the relationship between no-conspiracy and parameter independence in EPR scenarios; namely, that violation of the former implies violation of the latter. He also offered an argument supporting the conjecture. In this short note I present a method of constructing counterexamples to the conjecture and point to a mistake in the argument.
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  16.  16
    Husserl and the Search for Certitude.Leszek Kołakowski - 1975 - St. Augustine's Press.
    First lecture: The end -- Second lecture: The means -- Third lecture: The achievements.
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  17.  30
    Branching Space-Times and Parallel Processing.Leszek Wronski - 2012 - In Hanne Andersen, Dennis Dieks, Wenceslao González, Thomas Uebel & Gregory Wheeler (eds.), New Challenges to Philosophy of Science. Springer Verlag. pp. 135--148.
    There is a remarkable similarity between some mathematical objects used in the Branching Space-Times framework and those appearing in computer science in the fields of event structures for concurrent processing and Chu spaces. This paper introduces the similarities and formulates a few open questions for further research, hoping that both BST theorists and computer scientists can benefit from the project.
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  18.  50
    Why is There Something Rather Than Nothing?: 23 Questions From Great Philosophers.Leszek Kołakowski - 2007 - Basic Books.
    Can nature make us happy? How can we know anything? What is justice? Why is there evil in the world? What is the source of truth? Is it possible for God not to exist? Can we really believe what we see? There are questions that have intrigued the world's great thinkers over the ages, which still touch a chord in all of us today. They are questions that can teach us about the way we live, work, relate to each other (...)
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  19. The Presence of Myth.Leszek Kolakowski - 1989 - University of Chicago Press.
    "[An] important essay by a philosopher who more convincingly than any other I can think of demonstrates the continuing significance of his vocation in the life of our culture."--Karsten Harries, The New York Times Book Review With The Presence of Myth , Kolakowski demonstrates that no matter how hard man strives for purely rational thought, there has always been-and always will be-a reservoir of mythical images that lend "being" and "consciousness" a specifically human meaning. "Kolakowski undertakes a philosophy of culture (...)
     
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  20. Freedom, Fame, Lying, and Betrayal: Essays on Everyday Life.Leszek Kołakowski - 1999 - Westview Press.
    Polish philosopher Leszek Kolakowski is renowned worldwide for wrestling with serious philosophical conundrums with dazzling elegance. In this new book, he turns his characteristic wit to important themes of ordinary life, from the need for freedom to the wheel of fortune, from the nature of God to the ambiguities of betrayal. Extremely lucid and lacking in intellectual pretension, these essays speak in everyday language, spurring the reader’s own thoughts and providing a handle on which to debate and think about (...)
     
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  21.  23
    The Polynomial and Linear Hierarchies in Models Where the Weak Pigeonhole Principle Fails.Leszek Aleksander Kołodziejczyk & Neil Thapen - 2008 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 73 (2):578-592.
    We show, under the assumption that factoring is hard, that a model of PV exists in which the polynomial hierarchy does not collapse to the linear hierarchy; that a model of S21 exists in which NP is not in the second level of the linear hierarchy; and that a model of S21 exists in which the polynomial hierarchy collapses to the linear hierarchy. Our methods are model-theoretic. We use the assumption about factoring to get a model in which the weak (...)
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  22.  10
    The Provably Total NP Search Problems of Weak Second Order Bounded Arithmetic.Leszek Aleksander Kołodziejczyk, Phuong Nguyen & Neil Thapen - 2011 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 162 (6):419-446.
    We define a new NP search problem, the “local improvement” principle, about labellings of an acyclic, bounded-degree graph. We show that, provably in , it characterizes the consequences of and that natural restrictions of it characterize the consequences of and of the bounded arithmetic hierarchy. We also show that over V0 it characterizes the consequences of V1 and hence that, in some sense, a miniaturized version of the principle gives a new characterization of the consequences of . Throughout our search (...)
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  23. The Alienation of Reason.Leszek Kołakowski - 1968 - Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday.
     
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  24.  10
    Categorical Characterizations of the Natural Numbers Require Primitive Recursion.Leszek Aleksander Kołodziejczyk & Keita Yokoyama - 2015 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 166 (2):219-231.
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  25.  27
    Cosmopolitanism and its Predicaments.Leszek Koczanowicz - 2010 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 29 (2):141-149.
    The aim of my paper is to show the discussion concerning the idea of cosmopolitan society. I intend to examine the structure and content of the argumentation which put into question the very notion of cosmopolitanism, as well as the contemporary content of this concept. I will look at nationalistic discourse as presented, for instance, by Gertrude Himmelfarb, which puts emphasis on national values as an indispensable part of group and individual identity. On the other hand, I am going to (...)
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  26.  22
    A Model of Socialist Society.Leszek Nowak - 1987 - Studies in Soviet Thought 34 (1-2):1-55.
  27.  10
    [Book Review] Power and Civil Society, Toward a Dynamic Theory of Real Socialism. [REVIEW]Leszek Nowak - 1994 - Ethics 104 (3):652-655.
  28.  35
    The Choice of Tradition and the Tradition of Choice: Habermas’ and Rorty’s Interpretation of Pragmatism.Leszek Koczanowicz - 1999 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 25 (1):55-70.
    The paper is aimed at discussing two interpretations of pragmatism in a broader framework of general rules of philosophical interpretation. J. Habermas' and R. Rorty's uses of pragmatism are considered in detail and confronted with general assumptions of pragmatic philosophy. It is shown that in both cases the original ideas of pragmatism are changed in order to fit the philosophies of interpreters. The paper ends with discussion of a possibility of applying the rule of interpretative charity and dialogue to philosophical (...)
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  29.  2
    Implementing Prior Judicial Decisions as Precedents: The Context of Application and Justification.Leszek Leszczyński - 2020 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 33 (1):231-244.
    The paper concerns the conditions and methods of using previous judicial decisions as a kind of precedents in the processes of application of law within the statutory legal order. The use of such decisions, not announced by the legislator, depends on the courts, undertaking such actions on the grounds of similarity of cases or of decisional processes. Such decisions do not become an exclusive validation argument and may create a situation of their potential conflict with legal regulations as well as (...)
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  30.  32
    Relative Truth, the Correspondence Principle and Absolute Truth.Leszek Nowak - 1975 - Philosophy of Science 42 (2):187-202.
  31.  40
    Beyond Dialogue and Antagonism: A Bakhtinian Perspective on the Controversy in Political Theory. [REVIEW]Leszek Koczanowicz - 2011 - Theory and Society 40 (5):553-566.
  32.  9
    Arthur Coleman Danto (1924–2013).Leszek Sosnowski - 2014 - Diametros 39:241-247.
  33.  24
    A Model of Socialist Society.Leszek Nowak - 1987 - Studies in East European Thought 34 (1-2):1-55.
  34.  15
    Independence Results for Variants of Sharply Bounded Induction.Leszek Aleksander Kołodziejczyk - 2011 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 162 (12):981-990.
    The theory , axiomatized by the induction scheme for sharply bounded formulae in Buss’ original language of bounded arithmetic , has recently been unconditionally separated from full bounded arithmetic S2. The method used to prove the separation is reminiscent of those known from the study of open induction.We make the connection to open induction explicit, showing that models of can be built using a “nonstandard variant” of Wilkie’s well-known technique for building models of IOpen. This makes it possible to transfer (...)
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  35.  30
    On the Structue of Marxist Dialectics.Leszek Nowak - 1977 - Erkenntnis 11 (1):341 - 363.
  36. On Infinite EPR-Like Correlations.Tomasz Placek & Leszek Wroński - 2009 - Synthese 167 (1):1-32.
    The paper investigates, in the framework of branching space–times, whether an infinite EPR-like correlation which does not involve finite EPR-like correlations is possible.
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  37.  31
    On the Herbrand Notion of Consistency for Finitely Axiomatizable Fragments of Bounded Arithmetic Theories.Leszek Aleksander Kołodziejczyk - 2006 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 71 (2):624 - 638.
    Modifying the methods of Z. Adamowicz's paper Herbrand consistency and bounded arithmetic [3] we show that there exists a number n such that ⋃m Sm (the union of the bounded arithmetic theories Sm) does not prove the Herbrand consistency of the finitely axiomatizable theory $S_{3}^{n}$.
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  38.  47
    God Owes Us Nothing: A Brief Remark on Pascal's Religion and on the Spirit of Jansenism.Leszek Kołakowski - 1995 - University of Chicago Press.
    God Owes Us Nothing reflects on the centuries-long debate in Christianity: how do we reconcile the existence of evil in the world with the goodness of an omnipotent God, and how does God's omnipotence relate to people's responsibility for their own salvation or damnation. Leszek Kolakowski approaches this paradox as both an exercise in theology and in revisionist Christian history based on philosophical analysis. Kolakowski's unorthodox interpretation of the history of modern Christianity provokes renewed discussion about the historical, intellectual, (...)
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  39. Religion: If There is No God--: On God, the Devil, Sin, and Other Worries of the so-Called Philosophy of Religion.Leszek Kołakowski - 1982 - St. Augustine's Press.
  40. Towards a New Theory of Historical Counterfactuals.Jacek Wawer & Leszek Wroński - 2015 - In Pavel Arazim & Michal Dancak (eds.), Logica Yearbook 2014. College Publications. pp. 293-310.
    We investigate the semantics of historical counterfactuals in indeterministic contexts. We claim that "plain" and "necessitated" counterfactuals differ in meaning. To substantiate this claim, we propose a new semantic treatment of historical counterfactuals in the Branching Time framework. We supplement our semantics with supervaluationist postsemantics, thanks to which we can explain away the intuitions which seem to talk in favor of the identification of "would" with "would necessarily".
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  41.  22
    Leszek Nowak, U Podstaw Marksowskiej Metodologii Nauk. [REVIEW]L. N. - 1974 - Dialectics and Humanism 1 (2):171-173.
  42. European Meeting of the Association for Symbolic Logic, Wroclaw 1977.Leszek Pacholski - 1979 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 44 (3):441-468.
  43. Truth Definitions in Finite Models.Leszek Aleksander Kołodziejczyk - 2004 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 69 (1):183-200.
    The paper discusses the notion of finite model truth definitions (or FM-truth definitions), introduced by M. Mostowski as a finite model analogue of Tarski's classical notion of truth definition. We compare FM-truth definitions with Vardi's concept of the combined complexity of logics, noting an important difference: the difficulty of defining FM-truth for a logic ᵍ does not depend on the syntax of L, as long as it is decidable. It follows that for a natural ᵍ there exist FM-truth definitions whose (...)
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  44.  3
    Antirealism,(Supra-) Reausm and Idealization.Leszek Nowak - 1995 - In HerfelWilliam (ed.), Theories and Models in Scientific Processes. Rodopi. pp. 44--225.
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  45.  16
    Thoughts Are Facts in Possible Worlds, Truths Are Facts of a Given World.Leszek NowAK - 1991 - Dialectica 45 (4):273-288.
    Mentalism preserves the triad: brain's state — thought — state of affairs whereas phy‐sicalism identifies the former two elements of it. Both stands meet the famous difficulties. But these presuppose ontological actualism. On the ground of ontological possibilism, claiming the existence of all possible worlds, one may identify a thought with the corresponding state of affairs in a possible world. Yet, possibilism turns out to be too narrow to carry such an identification and requires a significant generalization.
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  46.  11
    Man and People.Leszek Nowak - 1987 - Social Theory and Practice 13 (1):1-16.
  47.  5
    On the Limits of the Rationalistic Paradigm.Leszek Nowak - 1996 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 47:267-282.
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  48.  23
    Completion of the Causal Completability Problem.Michał Marczyk & Leszek Wroński - 2015 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 66 (2):307-326.
    We give a few results concerning the notions of causal completability and causal closedness of classical probability spaces . We prove that any classical probability space has a causally closed extension; any finite classical probability space with positive rational probabilities on the atoms of the event algebra can be extended to a causally up-to-three-closed finite space; and any classical probability space can be extended to a space in which all correlations between events that are logically independent modulo measure zero event (...)
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  49.  67
    The Strength of Sharply Bounded Induction Requires M S P.Sedki Boughattas & Leszek Aleksander Kołodziejczyk - 2010 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 161 (4):504-510.
    We show that the arithmetical theory -INDx5, formalized in the language of Buss, i.e. with x/2 but without the MSP function x/2y, does not prove that every nontrivial divisor of a power of 2 is even. It follows that this theory proves neither NP=coNP nor.
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  50.  32
    Asymptotic Probabilities of Existential Second-Order Gödel Sentences.Leszek Pacholski & WiesŁaw Szwast - 1991 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 56 (2):427-438.
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