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  1. The Structure of Idealization.Leszek Nowak - 1982 - Studies in Soviet Thought 24 (1):72-75.
     
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  2. The Structure of Idealisation: Towards a Systematic Interpretation of the Marxian Idea of Science.Leszek Nowak - 1984 - Studia Logica 43 (3):309-311.
  3. The Structure of Idealisation: Towards a Systematic Interpretation of the Marxian Idea of Science.Leszek Nowak - 1982 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 33 (1):97-101.
     
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  4.  72
    Laws of science, theories, measurement: (Comments on Ernest Nagel's the structure of science).Leszek Nowak - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (4):533-548.
    The problem of idealization in empirical sciences is very rarely taken up in works concerned with the methodology of those sciences. It seems to be common knowledge that in advanced natural sciences references are made to concepts such as “perfectly rigid body,” “material point,” “perfect gas,” etc., but it remains a fact that the most important methodological concepts, concepts which have determined the present-day form of the philosophy of science, have been advanced without regard to the peculiarities of the procedure (...)
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  5.  39
    On the (idealizational) structure of economic theories.Leszek Nowak - 1989 - Erkenntnis 30 (1-2):225 - 246.
  6.  37
    Idealization X: The Richness of Idealization.Izabella Nowakowa & Leszek Nowak - 2000 - Rodopi.
    Contents: Preface. - Introduction. - Science as a caricature of reality. - Three methodological revolutions. - The method of idealization. - Explanations and applications. - Truth and idealization. - A generalization of idealization. - References.
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  7. U Podstaw Marksowskiej Metodologii Nauk.Leszek Nowak - 1971 - Pa Nstwowe Wydawn. Naukowe.
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  8. Studia nad teoretycznymi podstawami humanistyki.Jerzy Kmita & Leszek Nowak - 1971 - Studia Logica 28:178-181.
     
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  9.  57
    Relative truth, the correspondence principle and absolute truth.Leszek Nowak - 1975 - Philosophy of Science 42 (2):187-202.
    The present paper is intended to take up the basic issue in Marxist epistemology: does the development of human cognition include mechanisms that ensure the attainment of, or approximation to, the absolute truth?But to take up this issue we have to define the concept of absolute truth. This is why the paper begins with comment on the assumptions we adopt. This is followed by explanations of the concept of the absolute truth and that of relative truth and some of derivative (...)
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  10.  5
    Idealization III: Approximation and Truth.Jerzy Brzeziński & Leszek Nowak - 1992 - Rodopi.
  11. De la rationalité du législateur comme élément de l'interprétation juridique.Leszek Nowak - 1969 - Logique Et Analyse 45:65.
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  12.  31
    A model of socialist society.Leszek Nowak - 1987 - Studies in East European Thought 34 (1-2):1-55.
  13.  30
    A model of socialist society.Leszek Nowak - 1987 - Studies in Soviet Thought 34 (1-2):1-55.
  14. Byt i myśl.Leszek Nowak - 2000 - Ruch Filozoficzny 1 (1).
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  15. Idealization and rationalization.Leszek Nowak - 1979 - Epistemologia 2:283.
     
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  16.  42
    On the structue of marxist dialectics.Leszek Nowak - 1977 - Erkenntnis 11 (1):341 - 363.
  17.  8
    Antirealism,(supra-) reausm and idealization.Leszek Nowak - 1995 - In William Herfel et al (ed.), Theories and Models in Scientific Processes. Rodopi. pp. 44--225.
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  18. Byt i myśl. Przyczynek do metafizyki unitarnej.Leszek Nowak - 1989 - Studia Filozoficzne 278 (1):1-18.
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  19.  14
    Man and People.Leszek Nowak - 1987 - Social Theory and Practice 13 (1):1-16.
  20. On the Hidden Unity of Social and Natural Sciences.Leszek Nowak - 2012 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):15-50.
    The paper addresses the problem of the delay of the social sciences with respect to the natural sciences. It is argued that there are no special differences between them from a methodological point of view. The methodology of both can be understood in terms of the idealizational conception of science. Nor is the subject-matter the source of the problems. It is argued that it is the social placement of the social sciences within wider communities that is responsible for the delay.
     
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  21. Models of Scientific Research.Leszek Nowak - 2012 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):67-74.
    According to the commonsensical model of educating researchers, young researchers must first acquire the knowledge achieved thus far and then solve new problems by developing applications of the accepted theory. This model, which presupposes a positivist theory of science, is incapable of explaining why the major breakthroughs in science have been carried out by young researchers. On the idealizational view of science, it becomes clear that commonsensical model must be rejected and replaced with an alternative, according to which the primary (...)
     
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  22.  8
    Man and People.Leszek Nowak - 1987 - Social Theory and Practice 13 (1):1-16.
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  23.  43
    On some interpretation of the marxist methodology.Leszek Nowak - 1976 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 7 (1):141-183.
    The peculiarity of Marx's investigation method is the use of idealization, i. e. idealizing assumptions are introduced, the laws, being in force under these assumptions, are being established, and then these assumptions are being removed with the simultaneous modification of the law. This method has not been recognized in the contemporary methodology because it assumes the essentialist vision of reality while contemporary methodology developed from the phenomenalism which negates the differentiation between essence and experience.
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  24.  6
    On some interpretation of the Marxist methodology.Leszek Nowak - 1976 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 7 (1):141-183.
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  25.  7
    On the Limits of the Rationalistic Paradigm.Leszek Nowak - 1996 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 47:267-282.
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  26. Próba metodologicznej charakterystyki prawoznawstwa.Leszek Nowak - 1972 - Studia Logica 30:164-168.
     
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  27.  24
    Thoughts are facts in possible worlds, truths are facts of a given world.Leszek NowAK - 1991 - Dialectica 45 (4):273-288.
    Mentalism preserves the triad: brain's state — thought — state of affairs whereas phy‐sicalism identifies the former two elements of it. Both stands meet the famous difficulties. But these presuppose ontological actualism. On the ground of ontological possibilism, claiming the existence of all possible worlds, one may identify a thought with the corresponding state of affairs in a possible world. Yet, possibilism turns out to be too narrow to carry such an identification and requires a significant generalization.
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  28. Jak pojmować życzliwość wobec bliźniego.Leszek Nowak - 2001 - Przeglad Filozoficzny - Nowa Seria 39 (3):312-323.
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  29. The structure of provincial thought half essay, half thesis.Leszek Nowak - 2012 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):51-66.
    In the essay part, various examples of provincial thinking in Polish culture are recalled. In the thesis part, the phenomenon of provincialism is considered more thoroughly. It is argued that provincialism can be thought of as involving a distortion of a normal division of labor within a scientific school into cre ators, correctors and applicators. The effect of provincialism occurs when this division is transferred onto whole cognitive communities: some play the role of the masters while others are expected to (...)
     
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  30.  17
    Idealization II: Forms and Applications.Jerzy Brzezinski, Francesco Coniglione, Theo A. F. Kuipers & Leszek Nowak - 1990 - Rodopi.
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  31.  16
    The Idea of the University.Jerzy Brzeziński & Leszek Nowak (eds.) - 1997 - BRILL.
    Contents: INTRODUCTION. Kazimierz TWARDOWSKI: The Majesty of the University. I. Zygmunt ZIEMBI??N??SKI: What Can Be Saved of the Idea of the University? Leszek KO??l??AKOWSKI: What Are Universities for? Leon GUMA??N??SKI: The Ideal University and Reality. Zygmunt BAUMAN: The Present Crisis of the Universities. II. Kazimierz AJDUKIEWICZ: On Freedom of Science. Henryk SAMSONOWICZ: Universities and Democracy. Jerzy TOPOLSKI: The Commonwealth of Scholars and New Conceptions of Truth. Klemens SZANIAWSKI: Plus ratio quam vis. III. Leon KOJ: Science, Teaching and Values. Klemens SZANIAWSKI: (...)
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  32.  6
    Wartości i klasy społeczne.Piotr Buczkowski & Leszek Nowak - 1979 - Etyka 17:93-121.
    Marxist axiology presupposes the theory of historical materialism: this article is concerned with an adaptive interpretation of the latter. Its concern is reflected in the proposed definition of value: value is the family of classes of states of affairs identified by the relation of preference of an ideal social subject. The article presents the hierarchy of social categories based on the adaptive interpretation of historical materialism: primary classes, secondary classes strata, etc. In the course of argumentation the aforementioned definition of (...)
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  33.  4
    Przestrzenie świadomości: studia z filozofii literatury.Andrzej Falkiewicz & Leszek Nowak - 1996
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  34. Odkrycie, abstrakcja, prawda, empiria, historia a idealizacja.Andrzej Klawiter & Leszek Nowak (eds.) - 1979 - Poznań: Państwowe Wydawn. Nauk..
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  35.  19
    Ajdukiewicz and the Status of the Logical Theory of Natural Language.Leszek Nowak - 1995 - In Vito Sinisi & Jan Woleński (eds.), The heritage of Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz. Rodopi. pp. 40--205.
  36.  5
    Analiza etyki XX-wiecznej (George C. Kerner, The Revolution In Ethical Theory).Leszek Nowak - 1970 - Etyka 7:188-191.
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  37.  20
    Class and Individual in the Historical Process.Leszek Nowak - 2009 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 97 (1):63-84.
  38.  11
    Class and Individual in the Historical Process.Leszek Nowak - 1987 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 17 (3):357-376.
  39.  11
    Dialectics as the Basis of Scientific Rationality.Leszek Nowak - 1983 - der 16. Weltkongress Für Philosophie 2:946-953.
    A definite interpretation of dialectics is put forward in order to promote the following ideat scientific rationality consists in the fact that the principles which determine its internal structure and growth are analogical to the principles which determine the structure and growth of reality under scientific investigation.
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  40.  5
    Dobro i zło w świetle logiki perfekcji.Leszek Nowak - 1973 - Etyka 12:157-162.
    G. H. von Wright’s definition of the concept of good reads: the state of a thing p is good when it is preferred by that subject before the state of affairs non-p. This definition implies that when a man sentenced to death has no other choice except between death on the gallows or after tortures and when he chooses the former kind of death, then death by hanging is good for him. A certain way of escaping this consequence is outlined (...)
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  41.  11
    Dimensions of the historical process.Leszek Nowak (ed.) - 1989 - Amsterdam: Rodopi.
    EDITOR'S INTRODUCTION The present volume belongs to the theory of historical process. That domain of science seems to be as made as all the theoretical ...
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  42. Dimensions of the historical process, « Posnań studies in the philosophy of the sciences and the humanities », vol. 13.Leszek Nowak - 1990 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 180 (1):101-102.
     
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  43. Essays.Leszek Nowak - 1974 - B. R. Grüner Publishing Co.
     
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  44.  4
    Gombrowicz: człowiek wobec ludzi.Leszek Nowak - 2000
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  45. Hegel and Liberalism: On the Issue of the Nature of Historiosophy.Leszek Nowak - 2022 - In Krzysztof Brzechczyn (ed.), New Developments in the Theory of the Historical Process: Polish Contributions to Non-Marxian Historical Materialism. Leiden/Boston: BRILL.
  46. Hegel's Chuckle, That is, Marxism and Liberalism in Polish Politics.Leszek Nowak - 2022 - In Krzysztof Brzechczyn (ed.), New Developments in the Theory of the Historical Process: Polish Contributions to Non-Marxian Historical Materialism. Leiden/Boston: BRILL.
  47.  6
    Half essay, half thesis (1998f.Leszek Nowak - 2012 - In Krzysztof Brzechczyn & Katarzyna Paprzycka (eds.), Thinking about Provincialism in Thinking. Rodopi. pp. 100--51.
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  48.  15
    Historical Momentums and Historical Epochs: An Attempt at a Non-Marxian Historical Materialism.Leszek Nowak - 1979 - Analyse & Kritik 1 (1):60-76.
    The paper begins with a proposal for a reconstruction of three major statements of the traditional Marxian version of historical materialism. The general concept of an adaptive mechanism is introduced to explain how, in the Marxian sense, several parts of the superstructure are to be thought of as determined by the economic base. The paper proceeds by asking whether the classical type of economic determination is valid not only for precapitalist and capitalist societies, but for socialist societies as well. An (...)
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  49.  48
    Intellectuals in the Age of Revolutions: The Case of the Socialist World.Leszek Nowak - 1990 - Thesis Eleven 27 (1):167-172.
  50.  6
    I. the theoretical assumptions.Leszek Nowak - 1989 - In Dimensions of the historical process. Amsterdam: Rodopi. pp. 217.
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