Results for 'Life (Biology Philosophy'

835 found
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  1.  39
    Ernst Mayr, the Tree of Life, and Philosophy of Biology.Maureen A. O’Malley - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (4):529-552.
    Ernst Mayr’s influence on philosophy of biology has given the field a particular perspective on evolution, phylogeny and life in general. Using debates about the tree of life as a guide, I show how Mayrian evolutionary biology excludes numerous forms of life and many important evolutionary processes. Hybridization and lateral gene transfer are two of these processes, and they occur frequently, with important outcomes in all domains of life. Eukaryotes appear to have a more tree-like (...)
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  2.  52
    Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology.John Dupr - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    John Dupr explores recent revolutionary developments in biology and considers their relevance for our understanding of human nature and society. He reveals how the advance of genetic science is changing our view of the constituents of life, and shows how an understanding of microbiology will overturn standard assumptions about the living world.
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  3. Aristotle's Philosophy of Biology: Studies in the Origins of Life Science.James G. Lennox - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    In addition to being one of the world's most influential philosophers, Aristotle can also be credited with the creation of both the science of biology and the philosophy of biology. He was the first thinker to treat the investigations of the living world as a distinct inquiry with its own special concepts and principles. This book focuses on a seminal event in the history of biology - Aristotle's delineation of a special branch of theoretical knowledge devoted to the systematic (...)
     
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  4. Understanding Life: Recent Work in Philosophy of Biology.Kim Sterelny - 1995 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46 (2):155-183.
    This paper surveys recent philosophy of biology. It aims to introduce outsiders to the field to the recent literature (which is reviewed in the footnotes) and the main recent debates. I concentrate on three of these: recent critiques of the replicator/vehicle distinction and its application to the idea of the gene as the unit of section; the recent defences of group selection and the idea that standard alternatives to group selection are in fact no more than a disguised form (...)
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  5.  11
    Aristotle's Philosophy of Biology: Studies in the Origins of Life Science (Review).Scott Carson - 2002 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 40 (3):391-392.
    Scott Carson - Aristotle's Philosophy of Biology: Studies in the Origins of Life Science - Journal of the History of Philosophy 40:3 Journal of the History of Philosophy 40.3 391-392 Book Review Aristotle's Philosophy of Biology: Studies in the Origins of Life Science James G. Lennox. Aristotle's Philosophy of Biology: Studies in the Origins of Life Science. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001. Pp. xxiii + 321. Cloth, $64.95. This excellent book is (...)
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  6. Bringing Biology to Life: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Biology.Ananth Mahesh - 2017 - Broadview Press.
    _Bringing Biology to Life_ is a guided tour of the philosophy of biology, canvassing three broad areas: the early history of biology, from Aristotle to Darwin; traditional debates regarding species, function, and units of selection; and recent efforts to better understand the human condition in light of evolutionary biology. Topics are addressed using no more technical jargon than necessary, and without presupposing any advanced knowledge of biology or the philosophy of science on the part of the reader. Discussion (...)
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  7.  55
    A Semiotical Reflection on Biology, Living Signs and Artificial Life.Claus Emmeche - 1991 - Biology and Philosophy 6 (3):325-340.
    It is argued, that theory sf signs, especially in the tradition of the great philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce (1839–1914) can inspire the study of central problems in the philosophy of biology. Three such problems are considered: (1) The nature of biology as a science, where a semiotically informed pluralistic approach to the theory of science is introduced. (2) The peculiarity of the general object of biology, where a realistic interpretation of sign- and information-concepts is required to see sign-processes as (...)
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  8. Trees of Life: Essays in Philosophy of Biology.David L. Hull & Paul Griffiths - 1994 - Biology and Philosophy 9 (1):105-112.
     
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  9.  59
    Why the Small Things in Life Matter: Philosophy of Biology From the Microbial PerspectiveMaureen A. O’Malley,Philosophy of Microbiology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , X+269 Pp., $30.39. [REVIEW]Maria Şerban & Sara Green - 2016 - Philosophy of Science 83 (1):152-158.
  10.  6
    On the Relations Between History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences and Biology.Michel Morange - 2001 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23 (1):65 - 74.
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  11. Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology.John Dupré - 2014 - Oxford University Press UK.
    John Dupré explores recent revolutionary developments in biology and considers their relevance for our understanding of human nature and human society. Epigenetics and related areas of molecular biology have eroded the exceptional status of the gene and presented the genome as fully interactive with the rest of the cell. Developmental systems theory provides a space for a vision of evolution that takes full account of the fundamental importance of developmental processes. Dupré shows the importance of microbiology for a proper understanding (...)
     
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  12. A Review of Paul Griffiths , "Trees of Life: Essays in Philosophy of Biology". [REVIEW]David L. Hull - 1994 - Biology and Philosophy 9 (1):105.
  13. Philosophy, Biology and Life.Anthony O'Hear (ed.) - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    It has been claimed that following the decline of Marxism and Freudianism, Darwinism has become the dominant intellectual paradigm of our day. In the mass media there are many bitter disputes between today's new Darwinians and their opponents, often over religion. But the 'neo-Darwinian paradigm' is not as simple or as seamless as either its advocates or its opponents would sometimes have us believe. Biology is in a state of development which defies the standard stereotypes. The papers in this volume, (...)
     
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  14.  9
    Lennox, James G. Aristotle's Philosophy of Biology: Studies in the Origins of Life Science.Michael W. Tkacz - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (3):662-663.
  15. John Dupre Processes of Life: Essays in the Philosophy of Biology.Ellen Clarke - 2014 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (1):173-177.
  16.  76
    Aristotle's Philosophy of Biology: Studies in the Origins of Life Sciences.Sophia Connell - 2003 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 54 (3):509-513.
  17. James J. Lennox, Aristotle's Philosophy of Biology. Studies in the Origins of Life Science Reviewed By.Deborah Kw Modrak - 2002 - Philosophy in Review 22 (3):197-199.
     
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  18. James G. Lennox, Aristotle's Philosophy of Biology: Studies in the Origins of Life Science.S. Follinger - 2002 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 16 (3):297-299.
  19. Aristotle's Philosophy of Biology: Studies in the Origins of Life Science.James G. Lennox - 2003 - Journal of the History of Biology 36 (1):223-224.
     
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  20. Aristotle’s Philosophy of Biology: Studies in the Origins of the Life Sciences. [REVIEW]Anthony Preus - 2003 - International Studies in Philosophy 35 (4):338-339.
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  21. Aristotle's Philosophy of Biology. Studies in the Origins of Life Science.James G. Lennox - 2001 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 63 (4):787-789.
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  22. Faculties of Biology and Philosophy, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, "An Essay on 'Life: Limitations of Science in the Search for Ultimate Meaning".Wim van der Steen - 1997 - Ultimate Reality and Meaning 20 (4).
     
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  23.  16
    The Phenomenon of Life: Toward a Philosophical Biology Hans Jonas Prologue de Lawrence Vogel Collection «Studies in Phenomenology and Existential Philosophy» Evanston, IL, Northwestern University Press, 2001, Xxiv, 303 P. [REVIEW]Alain Beaulieu - 2003 - Dialogue 42 (01):179-.
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  24.  1
    Do Microbes Question Standard Thinking in the Philosophy of Biology? Critical Notice of John Dupré "Processes of Life – Essays in the Philosophy of Biology".Charlotte Werndl - unknown
  25.  1
    Günther Witzany: Life: The Communicative Structure - a New Philosophy of Biology, Libri Books on Demand, Hamburg 2000.Claus Emmeche - 2002 - SATS 3 (1):155-162.
  26. Life Sciences Studies in the Philosophy of Biology: Reduction and Related Problems. Ed. By Francisco Jose Ayala and Theodosius Dobzhansky. London: Macmillan, 1972. Pp. Xix + 390. £12.00. [REVIEW]Roger Smith - 1976 - British Journal for the History of Science 9 (3):333.
  27.  29
    What is Life?: How Chemistry Becomes Biology.Addy Pross - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Livings things are so very strange -- The quest for a theory of life -- Understanding 'understanding' -- Stability and instability -- The knotty origin of life problem -- Biology's crisis of identity -- Biology is chemistry -- What is life?
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  28.  43
    Is Defining Life Pointless? Operational Definitions at the Frontiers of Biology.Leonardo Bich & Sara Green - 2017 - Synthese:1-28.
    Despite numerous and increasing attempts to define what life is, there is no consensus on necessary and sufficient conditions for life. Accordingly, some scholars have questioned the value of definitions of life and encouraged scientists and philosophers alike to discard the project. As an alternative to this pessimistic conclusion, we argue that critically rethinking the nature and uses of definitions can provide new insights into the epistemic roles of definitions of life for different research practices. This (...)
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  29.  1
    Neither Logical Empiricism nor Vitalism, but Organicism: What the Philosophy of Biology Was.Daniel J. Nicholson & Richard Gawne - 2015 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 37 (4):345-381.
    Philosophy of biology is often said to have emerged in the last third of the twentieth century. Prior to this time, it has been alleged that the only authors who engaged philosophically with the life sciences were either logical empiricists who sought to impose the explanatory ideals of the physical sciences onto biology, or vitalists who invoked mystical agencies in an attempt to ward off the threat of physicochemical reduction. These schools paid little attention to actual biological science, (...)
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  30. Vedic Cell Biology with Life Energy & Rebirth.Candra Prakāśa Trivedī - 2007 - Parimal Publications.
     
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  31.  45
    Genes and the Agents of Life: The Individual in the Fragile Sciences Biology.Robert A. Wilson - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Genes and the Agents of Life undertakes to rethink the place of the individual in the biological sciences, drawing parallels with the cognitive and social sciences. Genes, organisms, and species are all agents of life but how are each of these conceptualized within genetics, developmental biology, evolutionary biology, and systematics? The book includes highly accessible discussions of genetic encoding, species and natural kinds, and pluralism above the levels of selection, drawing on work from across the biological sciences. The (...)
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  32.  4
    Daimon Life: Heidegger and Life-Philosophy.David Farrell Krell - 1992 - Indiana University Press.
    "Daimon Life is life-enchancing. To read it is to become richer in word." –John Llewelyn Disclosure of Martin Heidegger’s complicity with the National Socialist regime in 1933-34 has provoked virulent debate about the relationship between his politics and his philosophy. Did Heidegger’s philosophy exhibit a kind of organicism readily transformed into ideological "blood and soil"? Or, rather, did his support of the Nazis betray a fundamental lack of loyalty to living things? David Farrell Krell traces Heidegger’s (...)
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  33.  67
    Philosophy of Experimental Biology.Marcel Weber - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Philosophy of Experimental Biology explores some central philosophical issues concerning scientific research in experimental biology, including genetics, biochemistry, molecular biology, developmental biology, neurobiology, and microbiology. It seeks to make sense of the explanatory strategies, concepts, ways of reasoning, approaches to discovery and problem solving, tools, models and experimental systems deployed by scientific life science researchers and also integrates developments in historical scholarship, in particular the New Experimentalism. It concludes that historical explanations of scientific change that are based on (...)
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  34.  35
    The Cambridge Companion to the Philosophy of Biology.David L. Hull & Michael Ruse (eds.) - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    The philosophy of biology is one of the most exciting new areas in the field of philosophy and one that is attracting much attention from working scientists. This Companion, edited by two of the founders of the field, includes newly commissioned essays by senior scholars and up-and-coming younger scholars who collectively examine the main areas of the subject - the nature of evolutionary theory, classification, teleology and function, ecology, and the problematic relationship between biology and religion, among other (...)
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  35.  60
    Synthesizing Insight: Artificial Life as Thought Experimentation in Biology.Liz Stillwaggon Swan - 2009 - Biology and Philosophy 24 (5):687-701.
    What is artificial life? Much has been said about this interesting collection of efforts to artificially simulate and synthesize lifelike behavior and processes, yet we are far from having a robust philosophical understanding of just what Alifers are doing and why it ought to interest philosophers of science, and philosophers of biology in particular. In this paper, I first provide three introductory examples from the particular subset of artificial life I focus on, known as ‘soft Alife’ (s-Alife), and (...)
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  36.  52
    The Attempt on the Life of the Tree of Life: Science, Philosophy and Politics.W. Ford Doolittle - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (4):455-473.
  37. Mind in Life: Biology, Phenomenology, and the Sciences of Mind.Evan Thompson - 2007 - Harvard University Press.
    The question has long confounded philosophers and scientists, and it is this so-called explanatory gap between biological life and consciousness that Evan ...
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  38.  48
    Size Doesn't Matter: Towards a More Inclusive Philosophy of Biology. [REVIEW]Maureen A. O’Malley & John Dupré - 2007 - Biology and Philosophy 22 (2):155-191.
    Philosophers of biology, along with everyone else, generally perceive life to fall into two broad categories, the microbes and macrobes, and then pay most of their attention to the latter. ‘Macrobe’ is the word we propose for larger life forms, and we use it as part of an argument for microbial equality. We suggest that taking more notice of microbes – the dominant life form on the planet, both now and throughout evolutionary history – will transform some (...)
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  39.  15
    Philosophy of Biology.Michael Ruse (ed.) - 2007 - Prometheus Books.
    Biologists study life in its various physical forms, while philosophers of biology seek answers to questions about the nature, purpose, and impact of this research. What permits us to distinguish between living and nonliving things even though both are made of the same minerals? Is the complex structure of organisms proof that a creative force is working its will in the physical universe, or are existing life-forms the random result of an evolutionary process working itself out over eons (...)
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  40.  13
    Readers of the Book of Life: Contextualizing Developmental Evolutionary Biology.Anton Markoš - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    This is a wide ranging and deeply learned examination of evolutionary developmental biology, and the foundations of life from the perspective of information theory. Hermeneutics was a method developed in the humanities to achieve understanding, in a given context, of texts, history, and artwork. In Readers of the Book of Life, the author shows that living beings are also hermeneutical interpreters of genetics texts saved in DNA; an interpretation based on the past experience of the cell (cell lineage, (...)
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  41.  2
    The Concept in Life and the Life of the Concept: Canguilhem’s Final Reckoning with Bergson.Feldman Alex - 2016 - Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 24 (2):154-175.
    Foucault famously divided the history of twentieth-century French philosophy between a “philosophy of experience” and a “philosophy of the concept,” placing Bergson in the former camp and his teacher Canguilhem in the latter. This division has shaped the Anglophone reception of Canguilhem as primarily a historian and philosopher of biology. Canguilhem, however, was also a philosopher of life and a careful reader of Bergson. The recently-begun publication of Canguilhem’s Œuvres complètes has revealed the depth of this (...)
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  42. Editorial. Special Issue on Integral Biomathics: Life Sciences, Mathematics and Phenomenological Philosophy.Plamen L. Simeonov, Arran Gare, Seven M. Rosen & Denis Noble - forthcoming - Journal Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 119 (2).
  43.  15
    The Liberation of Life: From the Cell to the Community.Charles Birch - 1981 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is about the liberation of the concept of life from the bondage fashioned by the interpreters of life ever since biology began, and about the liberation of the life of humans and non-humans alike from the bondage of social structures and behaviour, which now threatens the fullness of life's possibilities if not survival itself. It falls into a tradition of writings about human problems from a perspective informed by biology. It rejects the mechanistic model (...)
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  44. Automata, Living and Non-Living: Descartes' Mechanical Biology and His Criteria for Life[REVIEW]Fred Ablondi - 1998 - Biology and Philosophy 13 (2):179-186.
    Despite holding to the essential distinction between mind and body, Descartes did not adopt a life-body dualism. Though humans are the only creatures which can reason, as they are the only creatures whose body is in an intimate union with a soul, they are not the only finite beings who are alive. In the present note, I attempt to determine Descartes'' criteria for something to be ''living.'' Though certain passages associate such a principle with the presence of a properly (...)
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  45.  31
    Morality and the Philosophy of Life in Guyau and Bergson.Keith Ansell-Pearson - 2014 - Continental Philosophy Review 47 (1):59-85.
    In this essay I examine the contribution a philosophy of life is able to make to our understanding of morality, including our appreciation of its evolution or development and its future. I focus on two contributions, namely, those of Jean-Marie Guyau and Henri Bergson. In the case of Guyau I show that he pioneers the naturalistic study of morality through a conception of life; for him the moral progress of humanity is bound up with an increasing sociability, (...)
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  46. Integrating History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences in Practice to Enhance Science Education: Swammerdam's Historia Insectorum Generalis and the Case of the Water Flea.Catherine Kendig - 2013 - Science and Education 22 (8):1939-1961.
    Hasok Chang (Science & Education 20:317–341, 2011) shows how the recovery of past experimental knowledge, the physical replication of historical experiments, and the extension of recovered knowledge can increase scientific understanding. These activities can also play an important role in both science and history and philosophy of science education. In this paper I describe the implementation of an integrated learning project that I initiated, organized, and structured to complement a course in history and philosophy of the life (...)
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  47.  77
    Making Life: A Comment on 'Playing God in Frankenstein's Footsteps: Synthetic Biology and the Meaning of Life' by Henk van den Belt (2009).Philip Ball - 2010 - NanoEthics 4 (2):129-132.
    Van den Belt recently examined the notion that synthetic biology and the creation of ‘artificial’ organisms are examples of scientists ‘playing God’. Here I respond to some of the issues he raises, including some of his comments on my previous discussions of the value of the term ‘life’ as a scientific concept.
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  48.  43
    Molecular Models of Life: Philosophical Papers on Molecular Biology.Sahotra Sarkar - 2004 - Bradford.
    Despite the transformation in biological practice and theory brought about by discoveries in molecular biology, until recently philosophy of biology continued to focus on evolutionary biology. When the Human Genome Project got underway in the late 1980s and early 1990s, philosophers of biology -- unlike historians and social scientists -- had little to add to the debate. In this landmark collection of essays, Sahotra Sarkar broadens the scope of current discussions of the philosophy of biology, viewing molecular biology (...)
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  49.  1
    Philosophy of Biology Today.Michael Ruse - 1988 - State University of New York Press.
    This short and highly accessible volume opens up the subject of the philosophy of biology to professionals and to students in both disciplines. The text covers briefly and clearly all of the pertinent topics in the subject, dealing with both human and non-human issues, and quite uniquely surveying not only scholars in the English-speaking world but others elsewhere, including the Eastern block. As molecular biologists peer ever more deeply into life’s mysteries, there are those who fear that such (...)
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  50. The Philosophy of Biology: An Episodic History.Marjorie Grene & David Depew - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Is life different from the non-living? If so, how? And how, in that case, does biology as the study of living things differ from other sciences? These questions are traced through an exploration of episodes in the history of biology and philosophy. The book begins with Aristotle, then moves on to Descartes, comparing his position with that of Harvey. In the eighteenth century the authors consider Buffon and Kant. In the nineteenth century the authors examine the Cuvier-Geoffroy debate, (...)
     
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