Results for 'Lina Rutkienė'

211 found
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  1. Explanatory Abstractions.Lina Jansson & Juha Saatsi - 2019 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 70 (3):817–844.
    A number of philosophers have recently suggested that some abstract, plausibly non-causal and/or mathematical, explanations explain in a way that is radically dif- ferent from the way causal explanation explain. Namely, while causal explanations explain by providing information about causal dependence, allegedly some abstract explanations explain in a way tied to the independence of the explanandum from the microdetails, or causal laws, for example. We oppose this recent trend to regard abstractions as explanatory in some sui generis way, and argue (...)
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  2. What Are Degrees of Belief.Lina Eriksson & Alan Hájek - 2007 - Studia Logica 86 (2):185-215.
    Probabilism is committed to two theses: 1) Opinion comes in degrees—call them degrees of belief, or credences. 2) The degrees of belief of a rational agent obey the probability calculus. Correspondingly, a natural way to argue for probabilism is: i) to give an account of what degrees of belief are, and then ii) to show that those things should be probabilities, on pain of irrationality. Most of the action in the literature concerns stage ii). Assuming that stage i) has been (...)
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  3.  7
    Poem: Dedicated to Andries G. Van Aarde by Lina Spies.Lina Spies - 2011 - Hts Theological Studies 67 (1).
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  4. Quantitative Parsimony: Probably for the Better.Lina Jansson & Jonathan Tallant - 2017 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 68 (3):781–803.
    ABSTRACT Our aim in this article is to offer a new justification for preferring theories that are more quantitatively parsimonious than their rivals. We discuss cases where it seems clear that those involved opted for more quantitatively parsimonious theories. We extend previous work on quantitative parsimony by offering an independent probabilistic justification for preferring the more quantitatively parsimonious theories in particular episodes of theory choice. Our strategy allows us to avoid worries that other considerations, such as pragmatic factors of computational (...)
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  5. Explanatory Asymmetries, Ground, and Ontological Dependence.Lina Jansson - 2017 - Erkenntnis 82 (1):17-44.
    The notions of ground and ontological dependence have made a prominent resurgence in much of contemporary metaphysics. However, objections have been raised. On the one hand, objections have been raised to the need for distinctively metaphysical notions of ground and ontological dependence. On the other, objections have been raised to the usefulness of adding ground and ontological dependence to the existing store of other metaphysical notions. Even the logical properties of ground and ontological dependence are under debate. In this article, (...)
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  6. Kantian Marriage and Beyond: Why It Is Worth Thinking About Kant on Marriage.Lina Papadaki - 2010 - Hypatia 25 (2):276-294.
    Kant has famously argued that monogamous marriage is the only relationship where sexual use can take place "without degrading humanity and breaking the moral laws." Kantian marriage, however, has been the target of fierce criticisms by contemporary things: it has been regarded as flawed and paradoncal, as being deeply at odds with feminism, and, at best, as plainly uninteresting. In this paper, I argue that Kantian marriage can indeed survive these criticisms. Finally, the paper advances the discussion beyond marriage. Drawing (...)
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  7. Explanatory Asymmetries: Laws of Nature Rehabilitated.Lina Jansson - 2015 - Journal of Philosophy 112 (11):577-599.
    The problem of explanatory non-symmetries provides the strongest reason to abandon the view that laws can figure in explanations without causal underpinnings. I argue that this problem can be overcome. The solution that I propose starts from noticing the importance of conditions of application when laws do explanatory work, and I go on to develop a notion of nomological dependence that can tackle the non-symmetry problem. The strategy is to show how a strong notion of counterfactual dependence as guaranteed by (...)
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  8. What is Objectification?Lina Papadaki - 2010 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 7 (1):16-36.
    Objectification is a notion central to contemporary feminist theory. It has famously been associated with the work of anti-pornography feminists Catharine MacKinnon and Andrea Dworkin, and more recently with the work of Martha Nussbaum. However, objectification is a notion that has not yet been adequately defined. It has been used rather vaguely to refer to a broad range of cases involving, in some way or another, the treatment of a person as an object. My purpose in this paper is to (...)
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  9.  21
    Distributed Containment Control of Second-Order Multiagent Systems with Input Delays Under General Protocols.Lina Rong & Hao Shen - 2016 - Complexity 21 (6):112-120.
  10.  99
    The Interference Problem for the Betting Interpretation of Degrees of Belief.Lina Eriksson & Wlodek Rabinowicz - 2013 - Synthese 190 (5):809-830.
    The paper’s target is the historically influential betting interpretation of subjective probabilities due to Ramsey and de Finetti. While there are several classical and well-known objections to this interpretation, the paper focuses on just one fundamental problem: There is a sense in which degrees of belief cannot be interpreted as betting rates. The reasons differ in different cases, but there’s one crucial feature that all these cases have in common: The agent’s degree of belief in a proposition A does not (...)
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  11. Railroad Voices: Narratives by Linda Niemann, Photographs by Lina Bertucci.Linda Niemann & Lina Bertucci - 1998 - Stanford University Press.
     
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  12.  57
    Everettian Quantum Mechanics and Physical Probability: Against the Principle of “State Supervenience”.Lina Jansson - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 53:45-53.
    Everettian quantum mechanics faces the challenge of how to make sense of probability and probabilistic reasoning in a setting where there is typically no unique outcome of measurements. Wallace has built on a proof by Deutsch to argue that a notion of probability can be recovered in the many worlds setting. In particular, Wallace argues that a rational agent has to assign probabilities in accordance with the Born rule. This argument relies on a rationality constraint that Wallace calls state supervenience. (...)
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  13.  5
    Advancing Data Justice in Public Health and Beyond.Lina Dencik - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (10):32-33.
    Volume 20, Issue 10, October 2020, Page 32-33.
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  14.  71
    Treating Others Merely as Means: A Reply to Kerstein.Lina Papadaki - 2016 - Utilitas 28 (1):73-100.
    At the heart of Kantian theory lies the prohibition against treating humanity merely as a means. Two of the most influential interpretations of what this means are Wood's and O'Neill's. Drawing on these thinkers' ideas, Kerstein formulates two accounts of what is involved in the idea of treating a person merely as a means: the and accounts. Kerstein's attempt is to show that they are problematic. He introduces his to alleviate the problems they face. I argue that the end-sharing and (...)
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  15.  7
    Mitas Ir Šifras. Postsekuliarybės Implikacijos Karlo Jasperso Ir Rudolfo Bultmanno Mąstyme.Lina Vidauskytė - 2019 - Logos 98.
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  16. Explaining Norms (Paperback).Geoffrey Brennan, Lina Eriksson, Robert E. Goodin & Nicholas Southwood - 2013 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Norms are a pervasive yet mysterious feature of social life. In Explaining Norms, four philosophers and social scientists team up to grapple with some of the many mysteries, offering a comprehensive account of norms: what they are; how and why they emerge, persist and change; and how they work.
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  17.  12
    A Review of Dynamic Datasets for Facial Expression Research. [REVIEW]Eva G. Krumhuber, Lina Skora, Dennis Küster & Linyun Fou - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (3):280-292.
    Temporal dynamics have been increasingly recognized as an important component of facial expressions. With the need for appropriate stimuli in research and application, a range of databases of dynamic facial stimuli has been developed. The present article reviews the existing corpora and describes the key dimensions and properties of the available sets. This includes a discussion of conceptual features in terms of thematic issues in dataset construction as well as practical features which are of applied interest to stimulus usage. To (...)
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  18.  52
    Newton’s “Satis Est”: A New Explanatory Role for Laws.Lina Jansson - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (4):553-562.
    In this paper I argue that Newton’s stance on explanation in physics was enabled by his overall methodology and that it neither committed him to embrace action at a distance nor to set aside philosophical and metaphysical questions. Rather his methodology allowed him to embrace a non-causal, yet non-inferior, kind of explanation. I suggest that Newton holds that the theory developed in the Principia provides a genuine explanation, namely a law-based one, but that we also lack something explanatory, namely a (...)
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  19.  7
    Do CSR Messages Resonate? Examining Public Reactions to Firms’ CSR Efforts on Social Media.Gregory D. Saxton, Lina Gomez, Zed Ngoh, Yi-Pin Lin & Sarah Dietrich - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 155 (2):359-377.
    We posit a key goal of firms’ corporate social responsibility efforts is to influence reputation through carefully crafted communicative practices. This trend has accelerated with the rise of social media such as Twitter and Facebook, which are essentially public message networks that organizations are leveraging to engage with concerned audiences. Given the large number of messages sent on these sites, only some will be effective and achieve broad public resonance. Building on signaling theory, this paper asks whether and how messages (...)
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  20. Norms and Conventions.Nicholas Southwood & Lina Eriksson - 2011 - Philosophical Explorations 14 (2):195 - 217.
    What is the relation between norms (in the sense of ?socially accepted rules?) and conventions? A number of philosophers have suggested that there is some kind of conceptual or constitutive relation between them. Some hold that conventions are or entail special kinds of norms (the ?conventions-as-norms thesis?). Others hold that at least some norms are or entail special kinds of conventions (the ?norms-as-conventions thesis?). We argue that both theses are false. Norms and conventions are crucially different conceptually and functionally in (...)
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  21.  11
    Motions with Emotions?Jaana Parviainen, Lina van Aerschot, Tuomo Särkikoski, Satu Pekkarinen, Helinä Melkas & Lea Hennala - 2019 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 23 (3):318-341.
    This article examines how the interactive capabilities of companion robots, particularly their materiality and animate movements, appeal to human users and generate an image of aliveness. Building on Husserl’s phenomenological notion of a ‘double body’ and theories of emotions as affective responses, we develop a new understanding of the robots’ simulated aliveness. Analyzing empirical findings of a field study on the use of the robot Zora in care homes for older people, we suggest that the aliveness of companion robots is (...)
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  22.  7
    From Paper to Practice: Asking and Responding to a Standardized Question Item in Performance Appraisal Interviews.Lina Nyroos & Erica Sandlund - 2014 - Pragmatics and Society 5 (2):165-190.
    This paper examines how a standardized question is launched and received in a corpus of performance appraisal interviews, with a focus on how pre-­formulated questions are translated into interaction. Using conversation analysis, we demonstrate that the same question becomes many different actions in practice. Prefaces as well as prosodic and lexical alterations make relevant different responses, and as such, the question can be recruited to initiate diverse interactional projects such as assessments and other socially delicate activities. As a consequence, goals (...)
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  23.  89
    Determinants of Managerial Values on Corporate Social Responsibility: Evidence From China.Liangrong Zu & Lina Song - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (S1):105 - 117.
    This article empirically investigates how Chinese executives and managers perceive and interpret corporate social responsibility (CSR), to what extent firms' productive characteristics influence managers' attitudes towards their CSR rating, and whether their values in favour of CSR are positively correlated to firms' economic performance. Although a large proportion of respondents express a favourable view of CSR and a willingness to participate in socially responsible activities, we find that the true nature of their assertion is linked to entrepreneurs' instincts of gaining (...)
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  24.  6
    Robots Responding to Care Needs? A Multitasking Care Robot Pursued for 25 Years, Available Products Offer Simple Entertainment and Instrumental Assistance.Lina Van Aerschot & Jaana Parviainen - 2020 - Ethics and Information Technology 22 (3):247-256.
    Twenty-five years ago, robotics guru Joseph Engelberger had a mission to motivate research teams all over the world to design the ‘Elderly Care Giver’, a multitasking personal robot assistant for everyday care needs in old age. In this article, we discuss how this vision of omnipotent care robots has influenced the design strategies of care robotics, the development of R&D initiatives and ethics research on use of care robots. Despite the expectations of robots revolutionizing care of older people, the role (...)
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  25.  3
    Discrete-Time 2-Order Sliding Mode Fault-Tolerant Tracking Control for Non-Gaussian Nonlinear Stochastic Distribution Control Systems with Missing Measurements.Lifan Li & Lina Yao - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-13.
    In this paper, a method of fault diagnosis and fault-tolerant tracking control is investigated for non-Gaussian nonlinear stochastic distribution control systems with missing measurements. The phenomenon of the randomly occurring missing measurements is described as a Bernoulli process. The missing measurements during transmission are compensated with the data successfully transmitted at the previous moment. The residual signal of the fault diagnosis observer is different from that of the general system. Using the integral of the error of the output probability density (...)
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  26.  6
    Pensar la vacuidad, vaciar el pensamiento.Lina Marcela Cadavid Ramírez - 2017 - Perseitas 5 (1):14.
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  27.  1
    Pensar la experiencia mística desde la epistemología.Lina Marcela Cadavid Ramírez - 2016 - Perseitas 4 (2):139.
    Con la crisis del paradigma newtoniano a principios del siglo XX, vemos surgir unacercamiento entre la ciencia, la religión y el misticismo, alentado por algunos delos físicos cuánticos más destacados, asimismo, la epistemología se vio afectaday a lo largo del siglo XX se entabló una discusión en torno a la objetividad del conocimientoy la construcción socio-lingüística de la realidad. Con este trasfondo,la experiencia mística será objeto de estudio por la epistemología, que desde unaperspectiva constructivista afirmará el carácter mediado de este (...)
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  28. Alisa Bokulich, Reexamining the Quantum-Classical Relation: Beyond Reductionism and Pluralism , Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (2008) ISBN 978-0-521-85720-8 Pp. X+195. [REVIEW]Gordon Belot & Lina Jansson - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 41 (1):81-83.
  29.  18
    The Interference Problem for the Betting Interpretetation.Rabinowicz Wlodek & Lina Ericsson - 2012 - Synthese.
    in Undetermined On an influential interpretation, the agent's degrees of belief asr identified with her betting rates. However, being placed in a betting situation can itself change one’s degree of belief in the proposition in question. The problem as such isn’t new. Ramsey, for example, was right on to this idea when he wrote: "… the proposal of a bet may inevitably alter [one’s] state of opinion; just as we could not always measure electric intensity by actually introducing a charge (...)
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  30. Democratically Relevant Alternatives.Robert E. Goodin & Lina Eriksson - 2009 - Analysis 69 (1):9-17.
    Many paradoxes have been revealed in the theory of democracy over the years. This article points to yet another paradox at the heart of democracy, whether in its aggregative or deliberative form.The paradox is this: If you are dealing with a large and heterogeneous community, in which people's choices are menu-sensitive in diverse ways, and if people's cognitive capacities preclude them from considering all items on a large menu simultaneouslythen individuals’ choices may be unstable and manipulable depending on how choices (...)
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  31.  65
    An Ontology for Carcinoma Classification for Clinical Bioinformatics.Anand Kumar, Yum Lina Yip, Barry Smith, Dirk Marwede & Daniel Novotny - 2005 - Studies in Health Technology and Informatics 116 (1):635-640.
    There are a number of existing classifications and staging schemes for carcinomas, one of the most frequently used being the TNM classification. Such classifications represent classes of entities which exist at various anatomical levels of granularity. We argue that in order to apply such representations to the Electronic Health Records one needs sound ontologies which take into consideration the diversity of the domains which are involved in clinical bioinformatics. Here we outline a formal theory for addressing these issues in a (...)
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  32. L. François Jullieno Trūkio (L’Écart) Ir Atskirties (Dé-Coïncidence) Koncepcija.Lina Gotautė - 2020 - Logos 104.
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  33. A Crowd Density Detection Algorithm for Tourist Attractions Based on Monitoring Video Dynamic Information Analysis.Lina Li - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-14.
    In this paper, we analyze and calculate the crowd density in a tourist area utilizing video surveillance dynamic information analysis and divide the crowd counting and density estimation task into three stages. In this paper, novel scale perception module and inverse scale perception module are designed to further facilitate the mining of multiscale information by the counting model; the main function of the third stage is to generate the population distribution density map, which mainly consists of three columns of void (...)
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  34.  50
    Against Belief Closure.Lina M. Lissia - manuscript
    I argue that we should solve the Lottery Paradox by denying that rational belief is closed under classical logic. To reach this conclusion, I build on my previous result that (a slight variant of) McGee’s election scenario is a lottery scenario (see Lissia 2019). Indeed, this result implies that the sensible ways to deal with McGee’s scenario are the same as the sensible ways to deal with the lottery scenario: we should either reject the Lockean Thesis or Belief Closure. After (...)
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  35. From McGee's Puzzle to the Lottery Paradox.Lina Maria Lissia - manuscript
    Vann McGee has presented a putative counterexample to modus ponens. After clarifying that McGee actually targets an epistemic version of such a principle, I show that, contrary to a view commonly held in the literature, assuming the material conditional as an interpretation of the natural language conditional “if … then …” does not dissolve the puzzle. Indeed, I provide a slightly modified version of McGee’s famous election scenario in which (1) the relevant features of the scenario are preserved and (2) (...)
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  36.  35
    On Some Analogies Between the Counterexamples to Modus Ponens (and Modus Tollens).Lina Maria Lissia - 2020 - The Reasoner 14 (6):35-37.
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  37.  15
    Creer para ver. Instauración del discurso milagroso entre la población del Nuevo Reino de Granada, siglos XVI, XVII y XVIII.Lina Marcela Silva Ramírez & Jairo Gutiérrez Avendaño - 2016 - 'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de Las Religiones 21:185-210.
    The article analyzes the discursive establishment of the miracle in the religious sensibilities of the population of the Nuevo Reino de Granada, the Spanish American colony Empire, based in Bogota, during the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. He turned to the identification of miraculous events both in the territory as the reports and descriptions of them are made in relationships or travel diaries written by clerics of different regular and secular orders and a typology of the facts identified was performed. (...)
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  38. Posibilidades y obstáculos de la epistemología en la comprensión de la experiencia mística.Lina Marcela Cadavid Ramírez - 2015 - Escritos 23 (50):109-134.
    Podría pensarse que el discurso epistemológico no puede abordar la experiencia mística, sin embargo desde el siglo XX diversos autores se han dado a la tarea de formular modelos epistemológicos que permitan comprender el estatus epistemológico de dicha experiencia. A partir del auge de perspectivas lingüísticas y sociológicas que se apoyaron en la filosofía de Wittgenstein y en la importancia que éste dio al lenguaje, a la experiencia que en él se expresa y a la comunidad que se entiende con (...)
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  39.  12
    Jocelyn Benoist,. Paris: puf (Épiméthée), 2001, ISBN 2 13 051611 4,€ 24, 00.Lina Rizzoli - 2005 - Husserl Studies 21 (1):71-83.
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  40.  33
    Jocelyn Benoist, Représentations Sans Objet. Aux Origines de la Phénoménologie Et de la Philosophie Analytique. [REVIEW]Lina Rizzoli - 2005 - Husserl Studies 21 (1):71-83.
  41.  4
    Book Review: Jana Marguerite Bennett, Singleness and the Church: A New Theology of the Single Life. [REVIEW]Lina Toth - 2019 - Studies in Christian Ethics 32 (4):546-549.
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  42.  3
    A Semianalytical Solution of the Fractional Derivative Model and Its Application in Financial Market.Lina Song - 2018 - Complexity 2018:1-10.
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  43.  1
    Die Bybel in Die Geding: Teks Versus Dogma.Lina Spies - 2004 - Hts Theological Studies 60 (3).
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  44.  3
    Ester: Vroulike Durf Binne ’N Manlike Bestel.Lina Spies - 2011 - Hts Theological Studies 67 (1).
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  45.  3
    Spiritualiteit en poësie: Om te ontmoet en te soek.Lina Spies - 2012 - Hts Theological Studies 68 (1).
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  46.  1
    Van weerloos tot weerbaar: Die Afrikaanse vrouedigter binne patriargale konteks.Lina Spies - 2014 - Hts Theological Studies 70 (1).
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  47.  10
    A Revolutionary as a “Beautiful Soul”: Lev Tolstoy’s Path to Ethical Anarchism.Lina Steiner - 2019 - Studies in East European Thought 71 (1):43-62.
    This article discusses Leo Tolstoy’s view of the Russian revolutionary movement. Taking as a focal point the writer’s lifelong interest in the Decembrist uprising of 1825 and particularly in the personalities of the gentry revolutionaries, the article argues that Tolstoy’s fascination for these figures was due to their superior moral qualities, rather than to their political and socioeconomic doctrines. Following Alexander Herzen, Tolstoy came to regard the Decembrists as full-fledged individualities and “beautiful souls”. Thus, Tolstoy’s much debated “conversion” and subsequent (...)
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  48.  12
    Literature and the Revolution.: Guest Editor Introduction.Lina Steiner - 2019 - Studies in East European Thought 71 (1):5-9.
    This article discusses Leo Tolstoy’s view of the Russian revolutionary movement. Taking as a focal point the writer’s lifelong interest in the Decembrist uprising of 1825 and particularly in the personalities of the gentry revolutionaries, the article argues that Tolstoy’s fascination for these figures was due to their superior moral qualities, rather than to their political and socioeconomic doctrines. Following Alexander Herzen, Tolstoy came to regard the Decembrists as full-fledged individualities and “beautiful souls”. Thus, Tolstoy’s much debated “conversion” and subsequent (...)
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  49.  2
    Strangers in the Land and True Lovers of the Nation: The Formation of Lithuanianspeaking Baptist Identity, 1918-1940.Lina Toth - 2018 - Perichoresis 16 (1):99-117.
    How does an emerging community of faith develop its identity in the context of a semi-hostile and increasingly nationalistic culture? The story of the early years of Lithuanian-speaking Baptists provides an interesting and informative case study. This article focusses on the formative stage of the Lithuanian-speaking Baptist movement during the interwar period of the independent Republic of Lithuania. It considers four main factors which contributed to the formation of Lithuanian-speaking Baptist identity: different ethnic and cultural groupings amongst Baptists in Lithuania; (...)
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  50. Svoboda I Razum: Izbrannye Filosofskie Raboty.Lina Borisovna Tumanova - 2010
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