Results for 'Lindsay Hobson'

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  1.  4
    Free-Thought in the Social Sciences. By J. A. Hobson.A. D. Lindsay - 1927 - Philosophy 2 (6):259.
  2.  9
    Critical Reflections on Ethical Practice.Lindsay Hobson - 2012 - Ethics and Social Welfare 6 (1):80-87.
    This paper critically reflects on a social work student placement experience at an Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) service. It utilises ethical concepts to analyse the goals and working methods of the medical-dominated service alongside the professional and personal values taken to the role. Discussion focuses on the organisation's assessment process and use of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT), concluding that the utilitarian and managerialist principles embodied in their procedure conflict with anti-oppressive social work ethics. Particular attention is given to (...)
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  3. J.A. Hobson: A Reader.J. A. Hobson - 1988 - Allen & Unwin.
  4. Foundations of Physics [by] Robert Bruce Lindsay [and] Henry Margenau.Robert Bruce Lindsay & Henry Margenau - 1957 - Dover Publications.
  5. System of Logic and History of Logical Doctrines. Tr., with Notes and Appendices, by T.M. Lindsay.Friedrich Ueberweg & Thomas Martin Lindsay - 1871
     
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  6.  31
    Jacques Derrida: Opening Lines.Marian Hobson - 1998 - Routledge.
    This book explores the language and arguments Jacques Derrida uses in his writings, and how this is at the core of his work. Marian Hobson explores the French language in which Derrida's philosophy is written in, and the ways his ideas are organized, to suggest that this has an overriding affect on how his translated work affects our understanding of his thought.
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  7.  76
    The Dream Drugstore: Chemically Altered States of Consciousness.J. Allan Hobson - 2003 - MIT Press.
    In this book J. Allan Hobson offers a new understanding of altered states of consciousness based on knowledge of how our brain chemistry is balanced when we are...
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  8. The Eurocentric Conception of World Politics: Western International Theory, 1760–2010.John M. Hobson - 2012 - Cambridge University Press.
    John Hobson claims that throughout its history most international theory has been embedded within various forms of Eurocentrism. Rather than producing value-free and universalist theories of inter-state relations, international theory instead provides provincial analyses that celebrate and defend Western civilization as the subject of, and ideal normative referent in, world politics. Hobson also provides a sympathetic critique of Edward Said's conceptions of Eurocentrism and Orientalism, revealing how Eurocentrism takes different forms, which can be imperialist or anti-imperialist, and showing (...)
     
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  9.  84
    The Ghost of Sigmund Freud Haunts Mark Solms's Dream Theory.J. Allan Hobson - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):951-952.
    Recent neuropsychological data indicating that an absence of dreaming follows lesions of frontal subcortical white matter have been interpreted by Solms as supportive of Freud's wish-fulfillment, disguise-censorship dream theory. The purpose of this commentary is to call attention to Solms's commitment to Freud and to challenge and contrast his specific arguments with the simpler and more complete tenets of the activation-synthesis hypothesis. [Hobson et al.; Nielsen; Solms].
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  10. Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction.J. Allan Hobson - 2005 - Oxford University Press UK.
    What is dreaming, and what causes it? Why are dreams so strange, and why are they so hard to remember? Replacing dream mystique with modern dream science, J. Allan Hobson provides a new and increasingly complete picture of how dreaming is created by the brain. Dreaming explores how the new science of dreaming is affecting theories in psychoanalysis, and how it is helping our understanding of the causes of mental illness. Through an investigation of his own dreams to illustrate (...)
     
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  11. Gold Prices and Wages.J. A. Hobson - 2010 - Routledge.
    First published in 1913, this _Routledge Revivals_ title reissues J. A. Hobson’s seminal analysis of the causal link between the rise in gold prices and the increase in wages and consumer buying power in the early years of the Twentieth Century. Contrary to the assertions of some notable contemporary economists and businessmen, Hobson contended that the relationship between gold prices and wages was in fact much more complex than it initially appeared and that there were significantly more important (...)
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  12. Jacques Derrida: Opening Lines.Dr Marian Hobson & Marian Hobson - 2012 - Routledge.
    In _Jacques Derrida: Opening Lines_, Marian Hobson gives us a thorough and elegant analysis of this controversial and seminal contemporary thinker. Looking closely at the language and the construction of some of Derrida's philosophy, Hobson suggests the way he writes, indeed the fact he writes in another language, affects how he can be understood by English speakers. This superb study on the question of language will make illuminating reading for anyone studying or engaged with Derrida's philosophy.
     
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  13. Poverty in Plenty : The Ethics of Income.J. A. Hobson - 2012 - Routledge.
    First published in 1931, this _Routledge Revivals_ title reissues J.A Hobson’s analysis of financial distribution in the early years of Twentieth Century Britain. The book focuses on the moral questions that he considered to be important in regard to the economic reforms that were necessary to secure the utilisation of modern productivity for the welfare of mankind. In this work, Hobson considers the wasteful working of the economic system, with its over-production, under-consumption and unemployment and states that these (...)
     
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  14. Poems of Hanshan.Peter Hobson (ed.) - 2010 - Yale University Press.
    Hanshan, which means Cold Mountain, was the pseudonym adopted by an unknown poet who lived in China as a hermit twelve hundred years ago. The poems collected under his name have had an immense impact worldwide, especially among Zen Buddhists, and have been translated into many languages. Peter Hobson's translation of more than a hundred of the poems, almost all of which are published for the first time in this volume, brings those qualities of timelessness, poetic diction and engaging (...)
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  15. Work and Wealth : A Human Valuation.J. A. Hobson - 2010 - Routledge.
    First published in 1914 and reissued with a new introduction in 1992, _Work and Wealth _is a seminal vision of Hobson's liberal utopian ideals, which desired to demonstrate how economic and social reform could transform existing society into one in which the majority of the population, as opposed to a small elite, could find fulfillment. Hobson attacked conventional economic wisdom which made a division between the cost of production and the utility derived from consumption. Far from being necesarily (...)
     
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  16. The Good and the Clever: The Founders' Memorial Lecture, Girton College 1945.A. D. Lindsay - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    Originally published in 1945, this book presents the content of the Girton College Founders' Memorial Lecture for that year, which was delivered by A. D. Lindsay. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in philosophy and the relationship between intelligence and morality.
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  17. Dreaming and the Brain: Toward a Cognitive Neuroscience of Conscious States.J. Allan Hobson, Edward F. Pace-Schott & Robert Stickgold - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):793-842; 904-1018; 1083-1121.
    Sleep researchers in different disciplines disagree about how fully dreaming can be explained in terms of brain physiology. Debate has focused on whether REM sleep dreaming is qualitatively different from nonREM (NREM) sleep and waking. A review of psychophysiological studies shows clear quantitative differences between REM and NREM mentation and between REM and waking mentation. Recent neuroimaging and neurophysiological studies also differentiate REM, NREM, and waking in features with phenomenological implications. Both evidence and theory suggest that there are isomorphisms between (...)
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  18. Dreaming and the Brain: Toward a Cognitive Neuroscience of Conscious States.J. Allan Hobson, Edward F. Pace-Schott & Robert Stickgold - 2003 - In Edward F. Pace-Schott, Mark Solms, Mark Blagrove & Stevan Harnad (eds.), Sleep and Dreaming: Scientific Advances and Reconsiderations. Cambridge University Press. pp. 793-842.
    Sleep researchers in different disciplines disagree about how fully dreaming can be explained in terms of brain physiology. Debate has focused on whether REM sleep dreaming is qualitatively different from nonREM (NREM) sleep and waking. A review of psychophysiological studies shows clear quantitative differences between REM and NREM mentation and between REM and waking mentation. Recent neuroimaging and neurophysiological studies also differentiate REM, NREM, and waking in features with phenomenological implications. Both evidence and theory suggest that there are isomorphisms between (...)
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  19.  71
    Measuring Consciousness in Dreams: The Lucidity and Consciousness in Dreams Scale.Ursula Voss, Karin Schermelleh-Engel, Jennifer Windt, Clemens Frenzel & Allan Hobson - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):8-21.
    In this article, we present results from an interdisciplinary research project aimed at assessing consciousness in dreams. For this purpose, we compared lucid dreams with normal non-lucid dreams from REM sleep. Both lucid and non-lucid dreams are an important contrast condition for theories of waking consciousness, giving valuable insights into the structure of conscious experience and its neural correlates during sleep. However, the precise differences between lucid and non-lucid dreams remain poorly understood. The construction of the Lucidity and Consciousness in (...)
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  20.  18
    Consciousness, Dreams, and Inference: The Cartesian Theatre Revisited.J. Allan Hobson & Karl J. Friston - 2014 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 21 (1-2):6-32.
    This paper considers the Cartesian theatre as a metaphor for the virtual reality models that the brain uses to make inferences about the world. This treatment derives from our attempts to understand dreaming and waking consciousness in terms of free energy minimization. The idea here is that the Cartesian theatre is not observed by an internal audience but furnishes a theatre in which fictive narratives and fantasies can be rehearsed and tested against sensory evidence. We suppose the brain is driven (...)
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  21.  69
    The Prefrontal Cortex in Sleep.Amir Muzur, Edward F. Pace-Schott & J. Allan Hobson - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (11):475-481.
  22.  2
    Spatial and Linguistic Aspects of Visual Imagery in Sentence Comprehension.Benjamin Bergen, Shane Lindsay, Teenie Matlock & Srini Narayanan - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (5):733-764.
  23. The Cognitive Neuroscience of Sleep: Neuronal Systems, Consciousness and Learning.J. Allan Hobson & Edward F. Pace-Schott - 2002 - Nature Reviews Neuroscience 3:679-93.
  24.  32
    Interpersonally Situated Cognition.R. Peter Hobson - 2008 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 16 (3):377 – 397.
    In this paper I consider how thinking emerges out of human infants' relatedness towards the personal and non-personal world. I highlight the contrast between cognitive aspects and cognitive components of psychological functioning, and propose that even when thinking has become a partly separable component of the mind, affective and conative aspects inhere in its nature. I provide illustrative evidence from recent research on the developmental psychopathology of autism. In failing to adopt a developmental perspective, contemporary theorizing has displaced thinking from (...)
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  25. Consciousness.J. Allan Hobson - 2001 - W.
  26. Finally Some One: Reflections on Thomas Metzinger's Being No One.Allan Hobson - 2005 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 11.
    I praise Metzinger's book _On Being No One_ by calling my essay "Finally Some One" meaning that I am pleased to see a first rate philosopher so carefully reading the neurobiological literature. Especially as it pertains to sleep and dreaming. Metzinger is comprehensive and comprehending. By studying the neurobiological substrates of normal dreaming, lucid dreaming and related altered states of consciousness (such as out of body experiences, hypnosis, and deja' vu), we may gain insight into the general rules governing brain (...)
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  27.  40
    Waking and Dreaming: Related but Structurally Independent. Dream Reports of Congenitally Paraplegic and Deaf-Mute Persons.Ursula Voss, Inka Tuin, Karin Schermelleh-Engel & Allan Hobson - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):673-687.
    Models of dream analysis either assume a continuum of waking and dreaming or the existence of two dissociated realities. Both approaches rely on different methodology. Whereas continuity models are based on content analysis, discontinuity models use a structural approach. In our study, we applied both methods to test specific hypotheses about continuity or discontinuity. We contrasted dream reports of congenitally deaf-mute and congenitally paraplegic individuals with those of non-handicapped controls. Continuity theory would predict that either the deficit itself or compensatory (...)
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  28.  39
    Instilling Ethical Behavior in Organizations: A Survey of Canadian Companies. [REVIEW]R. Murray Lindsay, Linda M. Lindsay & V. Bruce Irvine - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (4):393 - 407.
    An organization's management control system can play an important role in influencing ethical behavior among employees. In this paper a theoretical framework of control is developed by linking various ethics related control mechanisms reported in the literature to the primary components of a management control system. In addition, the findings of a survey of the Financial Post's Top 1 000 Canadian industrial and service companies are reported. The survey investigated organizations' use of ethical codes of conduct, whistleblowing systems, ethics committees, (...)
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  29.  39
    State-Dependent Thinking: A Comparison of Waking and Dreaming Thought.David Kahn & J. Allan Hobson - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (3):429-438.
    Thinking is known to be state dependent but a systematic study of how thinking in dreams differs from thinking while awake has not been done. The study consisted of analyzing the dream reports of 26 subjects who, in addition to providing dream reports also provided answers to questions about their thinking within the dream. Our hypothesis was that thinking in dreams is not monolithic but has two distinct components, one that is similar to wake-state cognition, and another that is fundamentally (...)
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  30. States of Consciousness: Normal and Abnormal Variation.J. Allan Hobson - 2007 - In Philip David Zelazo, Morris Moscovitch & Evan Thompson (eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 435--444.
  31.  15
    Emotion Profiles in the Dreams of Men and Women.Jane M. Merritt, Robert Stickgold, Edward Pace-Schott, Julie Williams & J. Allan Hobson - 1994 - Consciousness and Cognition 3 (1):46-60.
    We have investigated the emotional profile of dreams and the relationship between dream emotion and cognition using a form that specifically asked subjects to identify emotions within their dreams. Two hundred dream reports were collected from 20 subjects, each of whom produced 10 reports. Compared to previous studies, our method yielded a 10-fold increase in the amount of emotion reported. Anxiety/fear was reported most frequently, followed, in order, by joy/elation, anger, sadness, shame/guilt, and, least frequently, affection/eroticism. Unexpectedly, there was no (...)
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  32.  42
    Dreaming: A Neurocognitive Approach.J. Allan Hobson & Robert Stickgold - 1994 - Consciousness and Cognition 3 (1):1-15.
    The studies reported in the following articles are aimed at providing a comprehensive, detailed, and quantitative picture of cognition in human dreaming. Our main premises are that waking, REM sleep, and non-REM sleep represent physiologically distinct and identifiable brain states and that the differences between waking, REM, and NREM mentation reflect these physiological differences. We have studied dreams at a formal level of analysis and, in these papers, have studied the specific dream properties of emotions, bizarre transformations, scene shifts, and (...)
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  33.  47
    What Puts the Jointness Into Joint Attention?R. Peter Hobson - 2005 - In Naomi Eilan, Christoph Hoerl, Teresa McCormack & Johannes Roessler (eds.), Joint Attention: Communication and Other Minds. Issues in Philosophy and Psychology. Oxford University Press. pp. 185.
    This chapter argues that joint attention needs to be understood in terms of one person's engagement with another person's engagement with the world. It is pivotal from a developmental perspective that we have an appropriate view of what is involved when we share experiences, or when we perceive and align with another person's ‘attention’ as a bodily-expressed and affectively toned relation with the environment. The chapter explores these theoretical issues through studies involving children with autism, who have limited ability to (...)
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  34. In Defense of Relational Direct Realism.Kenneth Hobson - 2013 - European Journal of Philosophy 21 (4):550-574.
    According to proponents of relational direct realism, veridical perceptual experiences are irreducibly relational mental states that include as constituents perceived physical objects or intrinsic aspects of them. One consequence of the theory is the rejection of the causal theory of perception. This paper defends the relational theory against several objections recently developed by Paul Coates. He argues that the required experiential relation is incoherent and unmotivated. The argument that it is incoherent commits a fallacy. In reply to the argument that (...)
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  35. I of the Vortex: From Neurons to Self (Review).Allan Hobson - 2002 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 45 (3):466-468.
  36.  45
    Enhancements and Justice: Problems in Determining the Requirements of Justice in a Genetically Transformed Society.Ronald Alan Lindsay - 2005 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 15 (1):3-38.
    : There is a concern that genetic engineering will exacerbate existing social divisions and inequalities, especially if only the wealthy can afford genetic enhancements. Accordingly, many argue that justice requires the imposition of constraints on genetic engineering. However, it would be unwise to decide at this time what limits should be imposed in the future. Decision makers currently lack both the theoretical tools and the factual foundation for making sound judgments about the requirements of justice in a genetically transformed society. (...)
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  37.  43
    The Emotional Origins of Social Understanding.R. Peter Hobson - 1993 - Philosophical Psychology 6 (3):227 – 249.
    The purpose of this paper is to reflect on the origins of social understanding. Drawing upon philosophical writings, I highlight those features of affectively patterned interpersonal relations that are especially important for a very young child's growing awareness and knowledge of itself and other people as people with their own minds. If we were without our biologically based capacities for co-ordinated emotional relatedness with others, we should lack something essential for acquiring the concept of 'persons' who have subjective experiences and (...)
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  38.  22
    Emotion as Personal Relatedness.R. Peter Hobson - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (2):169-175.
    In this article, I consider the structure of interpersonal emotional relations. I argue that current cognitive-developmental theory has overestimated the role of conceptual thinking, and underestimated the role of intrinsic social-emotional organization, in the early development of such feelings as jealousy, shame, and concern. I suggest that human forms of social experience are shaped by a process through which one individual identifies with the bodily expressed attitudes of other people, and stress the diversity of self–other relational states. I draw on (...)
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  39.  18
    Can We Own the Past? Cultural Artifacts as Public Goods.Peter Lindsay - 2012 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 15 (1):1-17.
    This paper examines a concrete political controversy in order to shed light on a broad philosophical issue. The controversy is with regard to who owns cultural antiquities ? the nations (often in the developing world) on whose soil they originated, or the museums of developed nations that have, through a variety of means, come into possession of them. Despite their opposing views, both sides accept the claim that ownership can be derived from prior facts about cultural identity. Moreover, when their (...)
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  40. Consciousness in Waking and Dreaming: The Roles of Neuronal Oscillation and Neuromodulation in Determining Similarities and Differences.David Kahn, Edward F. Pace-Schott & J. Allan Hobson - 1997 - Neuroscience 78:13-38.
  41. The "Batty" Politic: Toward an Aesthetics of the Black Female Body.Janell Hobson - 2003 - Hypatia 18 (4):87-105.
    : I assess representations of black women's derrières, which are often depicted as grotesque, despite attempts by some black women artists to create a black feminist aesthetic that recognizes the black female body as beautiful and desirable. Utilizing a black feminist disability theory, I revisit the history of the Hottentot Venus, which contributed to the shaping of this representational trope, and I identify a recurring struggle among these artists to recover the "unmirrored" black female body.
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  42.  33
    Emotion and Cognition: Feeling and Character Identification in Dreaming.David Kahn, Edward Pace-Schott & J. Allan Hobson - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (1):34-50.
    This study investigated the relationship between dream emotion and dream character identification. Thirty-five subjects provided 320 dream reports and answers to questions on characters that appeared in their dreams. We found that emotions are almost always evoked by our dream characters and that they are often used as a basis for identifying them. We found that affection and joy were commonly associated with known characters and were used to identify them even when these emotional attributes were inconsistent with those of (...)
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  43.  26
    A New Paradigm for Dream Research: Mentation Reports Following Spontaneous Arousal From REM and NREM Sleep Recorded in a Home Setting.Robert Stickgold, Edward Pace-Schott & J. Allan Hobson - 1994 - Consciousness and Cognition 3 (1):16-29.
    The "Nightcap," a relatively nonintrusive and "user-friendly" sleep monitoring system, was used by 11 subjects on 10 consecutive nights in their homes. Eighty-eight sleep mentation reports were obtained after spontaneous awakenings from Nightcap-identified REM sleep and 61 were obtained from NREM awakenings. Sleep mentation was recalled in 83% of REM reports and 54% of NREM reports. The median length of REM reports was 148 words compared to 21 words for NREM reports. Twenty-four percent of the REM reports were over 500 (...)
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  44.  48
    Oregon's Experience: Evaluating the Record.Ronald A. Lindsay - 2009 - American Journal of Bioethics 9 (3):19 – 27.
    Prior to passage of the Oregon Death with Dignity Act, opponents of assistance in dying argued that legalization would have serious harmful consequences. Specifically, they argued that the quality and availability of palliative care would decline, that the harms of legalization would affect certain vulnerable groups disproportionately, that legal assisted dying could not be confined to the competent terminally ill who voluntarily request assistance, and that the practice would result in frequent abuses. Data from Oregon's decade-long experience decisively refute the (...)
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  45. New Books. [REVIEW]A. E. Taylor, John Adams, P. E. Winter, F. C. S. Schiller, M. L., S. R., J. Waterlow, Francis Jones, B. Russell, E. M. Smith & A. D. Lindsay - 1910 - Mind 19 (75):422-442.
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  46.  65
    Foundations for Self-Awareness: An Exploration Through Autism.Peter Hobson, Gayathri Chidambi, Anthony Lee & Jessica Meyer - 2006 - Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development.
  47. Rosmini, Bonatelli, and Varisco, on Consciousness.James Lindsay - 1922 - Philosophical Review 31 (4):400-404.
  48.  5
    Should We Impose Quotas? Evaluating the "Disparate Impact" Argument Against Legalization of Assisted Suicide.Ronald A. Lindsay - 2002 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 30 (1):6-16.
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  49.  34
    Dialogic Resonance and Intersubjective Engagement in Autism.John W. Du Bois, R. Peter Hobson & Jessica A. Hobson - 2014 - Cognitive Linguistics 25 (3):411-441.
  50.  21
    Mathematical Talent is Linked to Autism.Simon Baron-Cohen, Sally Wheelwright, Amy Burtenshaw & Esther Hobson - 2007 - Human Nature 18 (2):125-131.
    A total of 378 mathematics undergraduates (selected for being strong at “systemizing”) and 414 students in other (control) disciplines at Cambridge University were surveyed with two questions: (1) Do you have a diagnosed autism spectrum condition? (2) How many relatives in your immediate family have a diagnosed autism spectrum condition? Results showed seven cases of autism in the math group (or 1.85%) vs one case of autism in the control group (or 0.24%), a ninefold difference that is significant. Controlling for (...)
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