Results for 'Linus Andersson'

393 found
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  1.  3
    Neurocognitive Processes Underlying Heuristic and Normative Probability Judgments.Linus Andersson, Johan Eriksson, Sara Stillesjö, Peter Juslin, Lars Nyberg & Linnea Karlsson Wirebring - 2020 - Cognition 196:104153.
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  2.  13
    The Nature of the Chemical Bond.Linus Pauling - 1941 - Philosophy of Science 8 (1):133-133.
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  3.  29
    A Personalist Approach to Care Ethics.Linus Vanlaere & Chris Gastmans - 2011 - Nursing Ethics 18 (2):161-173.
    Notwithstanding the fact that care ethics has received increased attention, it has also faced much criticism. One of the focal points of critics is the normativity of care. Only when the objective normative basis of care is sufficiently clarified can care practices be evaluated and optimized from an ethical point of view. We emphasize that two levels of normativity can be identified: the context level and the foundational anthropology level. The personalist approach to care ethics is normatively stronger, at least (...)
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  4.  44
    Experiential Learning of Empathy in a Care-Ethics Lab.Linus Vanlaere, Trees Coucke & Chris Gastmans - 2010 - Nursing Ethics 17 (3):325-336.
    To generate empathy in the care of vulnerable older persons requires care providers to reflect critically on their care practices. Ethics education and training must provide them with tools to accomplish such critical reflection. It must also create a pedagogical context in which good care can be taught and cultivated. The care-ethics lab ‘sTimul’ originated in 2008 in Flanders with the stimulation of ethical reflection in care providers and care providers in training as its main goal. Also in 2008, sTimul (...)
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  5.  19
    Injustice Perpetrated on the Dead.Linus Dolce - 2010 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 10 (4):667-676.
    At a Body Worlds exhibition, human corpses are displayed as museum pieces for educational purposes. The bodies are preserved by plastination, a technique invented by Gunther von Hagens and engineered at the Institute for Plastination in Heidelberg, Germany. Because of the wide controversy surrounding the displays, it is necessary to study how justice obtains. Understood from a Thomistic perspective, the use of a plastinate by Body Worlds is unjust because it dishonors the donor. The goodness of that use fails in (...)
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  6.  23
    Making Researchers Moral: Why Trustworthiness Requires More Than Ethics Guidelines and Review.Linus Johnsson, Stefan Eriksson, Gert Helgesson & Mats G. Hansson - 2014 - Research Ethics 10 (1):29-46.
    Research ethics, once a platform for declaring intent, discussing moral issues and providing advice and guidance to researchers, has developed over time into an extra-legal regulatory system, complete with steering documents (ethics guidelines), overseeing bodies (research ethics committees) and formal procedures (informed consent). The process of institutionalizing distrust is usually motivated by reference to past atrocities committed in the name of research and the need to secure the trustworthiness of the research system. This article examines some limitations of this approach. (...)
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  7.  52
    Propping Up the Collapsing Principle.Henrik Andersson - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (3):475-486.
    According to a standard account of incomparability, two value bearers are incomparable if it is false that there holds a positive value relation between them. Due to the vagueness of the comparative predicates it may also be indeterminate as to which relation that holds - for each relation it is neither true nor false that it holds. John Broome has argued that indeterminacy cannot coexist with incomparability and since there seems to exist indeterminacy there cannot exist incomparability. At the core (...)
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  8.  75
    Parity and Comparability—a Concern Regarding Chang’s Chaining Argument.Henrik Andersson - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (1):245-253.
    According to Ruth Chang the three standard positive value relations: “better than”, “worse than” and “equally good” do not fully exhaust the conceptual space for positive value relations. According to her, there is room for a fourth positive value relation, which she calls “parity”. Her argument for parity comes in three parts. First, she argues that there are items that are not related by the standard three value relations. Second, that these items are not incomparable, and third, that the phenomena (...)
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  9.  12
    Ethics in Nursing Education: Learning To Reflect On Care Practices.Linus Vanlaere & Chris Gastmans - 2007 - Nursing Ethics 14 (6):758-766.
    Providing good care requires nurses to reflect critically on their nursing practices. Ethics education must provide nurses with tools to accomplish such critical reflection. It must also create a pedagogical context in which a caring attitude can be taught and cultivated. To achieve this twofold goal, we argue that the principles of a right-action approach, within which nurses conform to a number of minimum principles, must be integrated into a virtue ethics approach that cultivates a caring attitude. Ethics education that (...)
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  10.  39
    Involving Children in Non-Therapeutic Research: On the Development Argument. [REVIEW]Linus Broström & Mats Johansson - 2014 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 17 (1):53-60.
    Non-therapeutic research on children raises ethical concerns. Such research is not only conducted on individuals who are incapable of providing informed consent. It also typically involves some degree of risk or discomfort, without prospects of medically benefiting the participating children. Therefore, these children seem to be instrumentalized. Some ethicists, however, have tried to sidestep this problem by arguing that the children may indirectly benefit from participating in such research, in ways not related to the medical intervention as such. It has (...)
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  11.  57
    The Insularity of Anglophone Philosophy: Quantitative Analyses.Eric Schwitzgebel, Linus Ta-Lun Huang, Andrew Higgins & Ivan Gonzalez-Cabrera - 2018 - Philosophical Papers 47 (1):21-48.
    We present evidence that mainstream Anglophone philosophy is insular in the sense that participants in this academic tradition tend mostly to cite or interact with other participants in this academic tradition, while having little academic interaction with philosophers writing in other languages. Among our evidence: In a sample of articles from elite Anglophone philosophy journals, 97% of citations are citations of work originally written in English; 96% of members of editorial boards of elite Anglophone philosophy journals are housed in majority-Anglophone (...)
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  12.  27
    “What the Patient Would Have Decided”: A Fundamental Problem with the Substituted Judgment Standard. [REVIEW]Linus Broström, Mats Johansson & Morten Klemme Nielsen - 2006 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 10 (3):265-278.
    Decision making for incompetent patients is a much-discussed topic in bioethics. According to one influential decision making standard, the substituted judgment standard, the decision that ought to be made for the incompetent patient is the decision the patient would have made, had he or she been competent. Although the merits of this standard have been extensively debated, some important issues have not been sufficiently explored. One fundamental problem is that the substituted judgment standard, as commonly formulated, is indeterminate in content (...)
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  13.  26
    Autonomy is a Right, Not a Feat: How Theoretical Misconceptions Have Muddled the Debate on Dynamic Consent to Biobank Research.Linus Johnsson & Stefan Eriksson - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (7):471-478.
    Should people be involved as active participants in longitudinal medical research, as opposed to remaining passive providers of data and material? We argue in this article that misconceptions of ‘autonomy’ as a kind of feat rather than a right are to blame for much of the confusion surrounding the debate of dynamic versus broad consent. Keeping in mind two foundational facts of human life, freedom and dignity, we elaborate three moral principles – those of autonomy, integrity and authority – to (...)
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  14.  80
    Asymptotic Cones and Ultrapowers of Lie Groups.Linus Kramer & Katrin Tent - 2004 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 10 (2):175-185.
    §1. Introduction. Asymptotic cones of metric spaces were first invented by Gromov. They are metric spaces which capture the ‘large-scale structure’ of the underlying metric space. Later, van den Dries and Wilkie gave a more general construction of asymptotic cones using ultrapowers. Certain facts about asymptotic cones, like the completeness of the metric space, now follow rather easily from saturation properties of ultrapowers, and in this survey, we want to present two applications of the van den Dries-Wilkie approach. Using ultrapowers (...)
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  15. Criticism and the History of Science: Kuhn's, Lakatos's, and Feyrabend's Criticisms of Critical Rationalism.Gunnar Andersson - 1994 - E.J. Brill.
    In "Criticism and the History of Science" Karl Popper's falsificationist conception of science is developed and defended against criticisms raised by Thomas ...
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  16.  40
    An Explorative Study of Experiences of Healthcare Providers Posing as Simulated Care Receivers in a 'Care-Ethical' Lab.Linus Vanlaere, Madeleine Timmermann, Marleen Stevens & Chris Gastmans - 2012 - Nursing Ethics 19 (1):68-79.
    In recent approaches to ethics, the personal involvement of health care providers and their empathy are perceived as important elements of an overall ethical ability. Experiential working methods are used in ethics education to foster, inter alia, empathy. In 2008, the care-ethics lab ‘sTimul’ was founded in Flanders, Belgium, to provide training that focuses on improving care providers' ethical abilities through experiential working simulations. The curriculum of sTimul focuses on empathy sessions, aimed at care providers' empathic skills. The present study (...)
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  17.  38
    Emile Zuckerkandl, Linus Pauling, and the Molecular Evolutionary Clock, 1959–1965.Gregory J. Morgan - 1998 - Journal of the History of Biology 31 (2):155 - 178.
  18.  64
    Public Views on Policies Involving Nudges.William Hagman, David Andersson, Daniel Västfjäll & Gustav Tinghög - 2015 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (3):439-453.
    When should nudging be deemed as permissible and when should it be deemed as intrusive to individuals’ freedom of choice? Should all types of nudges be judged the same? To date the debate concerning these issues has largely proceeded without much input from the general public. The main objective of this study is to elicit public views on the use of nudges in policy. In particular we investigate attitudes toward two broad categories of nudges that we label pro-self and pro-social (...)
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  19.  62
    The Substituted Judgment Standard. Studies on the Ethics of Surrogate Decision Making.Linus Broström - unknown
    Patients who are incompetent need a surrogate decision maker to make treatment decisons on their behalf. One of the main ethical questions that arise in this context is what standard ought to govern such decision making. According to the Substituted Judgment Standard, a surrogate ought to make the decision that the patient would have made, had he or she been competent. Although this standard has sometimes been criticized on the grounds of being difficult to apply, it has found wide appeal, (...)
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  20.  30
    Adequate Trust Avails, Mistaken Trust Matters: On the Moral Responsibility of Doctors as Proxies for Patients' Trust in Biobank Research.Linus Johnsson, Gert Helgesson, Mats G. Hansson & Stefan Eriksson - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (9):485-492.
    In Sweden, most patients are recruited into biobank research by non-researcher doctors. Patients' trust in doctors may therefore be important to their willingness to participate. We suggest a model of trust that makes sense of such transitions of trust between domains and distinguishes adequate trust from mistaken trust. The unique position of doctors implies, we argue, a Kantian imperfect duty to compensate for patients' mistaken trust. There are at least three kinds of mistaken trust, each of which requires a different (...)
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  21.  33
    On Second-Order Generalized Quantifiers and Finite Structures.Anders Andersson - 2002 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 115 (1--3):1--32.
    We consider the expressive power of second - order generalized quantifiers on finite structures, especially with respect to the types of the quantifiers. We show that on finite structures with at most binary relations, there are very powerful second - order generalized quantifiers, even of the simplest possible type. More precisely, if a logic is countable and satisfies some weak closure conditions, then there is a generalized second - order quantifier which is monadic, unary and simple, and a uniformly obtained (...)
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  22.  64
    Progress and Rationality in Science.Susan Haack, Gerard Radnitzky & Gunnar Andersson - 1980 - Philosophical Quarterly 30 (119):174.
  23.  7
    Knowing Savagery: Australia and the Anatomy of Race.Bruce Buchan & Linda Andersson Burnett - 2019 - History of the Human Sciences 32 (4):115-134.
    When Australia was circumnavigated by Europeans in 1801–02, French and British natural historians were unsure how to describe the Indigenous peoples who inhabited the land they charted and catalogued. Ideas of race and of savagery were freely deployed by both British and French, but a discursive shift was underway. While the concept of savagery had long been understood to apply to categories of human populations deemed to be in want of more historically advanced ‘civilisation’, the application of this term in (...)
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  24.  2
    Closing the Future: Environmental Research and the Management of Conflicting Future Value Orders.Erik Westholm & Jenny Andersson - 2019 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 44 (2):237-262.
    This paper examines a struggle over the future use of Nordic forests, which took place from 2009 to 2012 within a major research program, Future Forests—Sustainable Strategies under Uncertainty and Risk, organized and funded by Mistra, The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research. We explore the role of strategic environmental research in societal constructions of long-term challenges and future risks. Specifically, we draw attention to the role played by environmental research in the creation of future images that become dominant for (...)
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  25.  12
    Research Abstract.Linus Vanlaere & Chris Gastmans - 2005 - Nursing Ethics 12 (2):200-201.
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  26.  15
    Co-payment for Unfunded Additional Care in Publicly Funded Healthcare Systems: Ethical Issues.Joakim Färdow, Linus Broström & Mats Johansson - 2019 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 16 (4):515-524.
    The burdens of resource constraints in publicly funded healthcare systems urge decision makers in countries like Sweden, Norway and the UK to find new financial solutions. One proposal that has been put forward is co-payment—a financial model where some treatment or care is made available to patients who are willing and able to pay the costs that exceed the available alternatives fully covered by public means. Co-payment of this sort has been associated with various ethical concerns. These range from worries (...)
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  27.  19
    Linus Pauling's Aorta and Other Topics. The Molecular Biology and Pathology of Elastic Tissues. Ciba Foundation Symposium 192 (1995). Edited by Derek J. Chadwick and Janice A. Good. John Wiley and Sons Ltd. Pp. Xi+361. £49.95. ISBN 0 471 957186. [REVIEW]Francesco Ramirez - 1997 - Bioessays 19 (3):267-268.
  28.  5
    Knowing Savagery: Humanity in the Circuits of Colonial Knowledge.Bruce Buchan & Linda Andersson Burnett - 2019 - History of the Human Sciences 32 (4):3-7.
    How was ‘savagery’ constituted as a field of colonial knowledge? As Europe’s empires expanded, their reach was marked not only by the colonisation of new territories but by the colonisation of knowledge. Path-breaking scholarship since the 1990s has shown how European knowledge of colonised territories and peoples developed from diverse travel writings, missionary texts, and exploration narratives from the 16th century onwards. Of prime importance in this work has been the investigation of the pre-positioning of colonised peoples within categories derived (...)
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  29.  47
    Nursing Home Staff Attitudes To Ethical Conflicts With Respect To Patient Autonomy and Paternalism.Anne-Cathrine Mattiasson & Lars Andersson - 1995 - Nursing Ethics 2 (2):115-130.
    Six case studies on nursing home staff attitudes to patient autonomy have been analysed. The case studies are based on six polarities within autonomy, as developed by Collopy. In total, 189 professional caregivers, comprising the staff of 13 nursing homes in the county of Stockholm, Sweden, responded to questions based on the case studies. Results show that the attitudes within each professional category had a high level of internal correspondence. Nurses consistently supported patient preferences to the highest degree, followed by (...)
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  30.  45
    Doing Unto Others: The Reciprocity of Helping Behavior in Organizations. [REVIEW]John R. Deckop, Caril C. Cirka & Lynne M. Andersson - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 47 (2):101 - 113.
    Reciprocity is a fundamental aspect of social life, and a phenomenon studied from a wide variety of philosophical, theological, and social scientific perspectives. In this study, we use social exchange theory to investigate why employees help other employees. We hypothesize, based on the norm of reciprocity (Gouldner, 1960), that a significant cause of an employee''s helping behavior is how much organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) the employee has received from coworkers. To provide evidence of the discriminant validity of OCB received as (...)
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  31.  4
    In the Absence of Effects: An Individual Patient Data Meta-Analysis of Non-Response and Its Predictors in Internet-Based Cognitive Behavior Therapy.Alexander Rozental, Gerhard Andersson & Per Carlbring - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  32.  11
    How It All Relates : Exploring the Space of Value Comparisons.Henrik Andersson - 2017 - Dissertation, Lund University
    This thesis explores whether the three standard value relations, “better than”, “worse than” and “equally as good”, exhaust the possibilities in which things can relate with respect to their value. Or more precisely, whether there are examples in which one of these relations is not instantiated. There are cases in which it is not obvious that one of these relations does obtain; these are referred to as “hard cases of comparison”. These hard cases of comparison become interesting, since if it (...)
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  33. The Importance of Organizational Climate and Implementation Strategy at the Introduction of a New Working Tool in Primary Health Care.S. Carlfjord, A. Andersson, P. Nilsen, P. Bendtsen & M. Lindberg - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (6):1326-1332.
  34.  17
    The Right to Withdraw Consent to Research on Biobank Samples.Gert Helgesson & Linus Johnsson - 2005 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 8 (3):315-321.
    Ethical guidelines commonly state that research subjects should have a right to withdraw consent to participate. According to the guidelines we have studied, this right applies also to research on biological samples. However, research conducted on human subjects themselves differs in important respects from research on biological samples. It is therefore not obvious that the same rights should be granted research participants in the two cases. This paper investigates arguments for and against granting a right to withdraw consent to research (...)
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  35.  23
    Toward a Macroevolutionary Theory of Human Evolution: The Social Protocell.Claes Andersson & Petter Törnberg - 2019 - Biological Theory 14 (2):86-102.
    Despite remarkable empirical and methodological advances, our theoretical understanding of the evolutionary processes that made us human remains fragmented and contentious. Here, we make the radical proposition that the cultural communities within which Homo emerged may be understood as a novel exotic form of organism. The argument begins from a deep congruence between robust features of Pan community life cycles and protocell models of the origins of life. We argue that if a cultural tradition, meeting certain requirements, arises in the (...)
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  36.  16
    The Structure and Development of Science.Jeremy Shearmur, Gerard Radnitzky & Gunnar Andersson - 1982 - Philosophical Quarterly 32 (128):289.
  37.  43
    John Abernethy: Calvinist Natural Histories of the Soul in the Seventeenth Century.Daniel C. Andersson - 2012 - Early Science and Medicine 17 (1):254-271.
    This paper looks at the relation of natural history, in its guise as an observational genre and one which tended to offer competing explanations of its phenomena, to the discourse of practical divinity. Natural history is here intended as a genre in which the practice of observation is accorded a significant place and a genre which lends itself to the accumulation of competing explanatory accounts of the phenomena. In particular, it examines the relation of the cognitive and the practical with (...)
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  38.  59
    Substituted Decision Making and the Dispositional Choice Account.Anna-Karin Margareta Andersson & Kjell Arne Johansson - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (10):703.1-709.
    There are two main ways of understanding the function of surrogate decision making in a legal context: the Best Interests Standard and the Substituted Judgment Standard. First, we will argue that the Best Interests Standard is difficult to apply to unconscious patients. Application is difficult regardless of whether they have ever been conscious. Second, we will argue that if we accept the least problematic explanation of how unconscious patients can have interests, we are also obliged to accept that the Substituted (...)
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  39.  68
    Counterfactual Reasoning in Surrogate Decision Making – Another Look.Mats Johansson & Linus Broström - 2011 - Bioethics 25 (5):244-249.
    Incompetent patients need to have someone else make decisions on their behalf. According to the Substituted Judgment Standard the surrogate decision maker ought to make the decision that the patient would have made, had he or she been competent. Objections have been raised against this traditional construal of the standard on the grounds that it involves flawed counterfactual reasoning, and amendments have been suggested within the framework of possible worlds semantics. The paper shows that while this approach may circumvent the (...)
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  40.  4
    Toward a Macroevolutionary Theory of Human Evolution: The Social Protocell.Claes Andersson & Petter Törnberg - 2019 - Biological Theory 14 (2):86-102.
    Despite remarkable empirical and methodological advances, our theoretical understanding of the evolutionary processes that made us human remains fragmented and contentious. Here, we make the radical proposition that the cultural communities within which Homo emerged may be understood as a novel exotic form of organism. The argument begins from a deep congruence between robust features of Pan community life cycles and protocell models of the origins of life. We argue that if a cultural tradition, meeting certain requirements, arises in the (...)
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  41. Ethicists' Courtesy at Philosophy Conferences.Eric Schwitzgebel, Joshua Rust, Linus Ta-Lun Huang, Alan T. Moore & D. Justin Coates - 2012 - Philosophical Psychology 25 (3):331 - 340.
    If philosophical moral reflection tends to promote moral behavior, one might think that professional ethicists would behave morally better than do socially comparable non-ethicists. We examined three types of courteous and discourteous behavior at American Philosophical Association conferences: talking audibly while the speaker is talking (versus remaining silent), allowing the door to slam shut while entering or exiting mid-session (versus attempting to close the door quietly), and leaving behind clutter at the end of a session (versus leaving one's seat tidy). (...)
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  42.  9
    Preliminary Report of a Study in the Learning Process Involving Feeling Tone, Transference and Interference.Linus W. Kline & William A. Owens - 1913 - Psychological Review 20 (3):206-244.
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  43.  21
    Linus Hagstrom Identity Change and Foreign Policy: Japan and its ‘Others’, Routledge, 166 Pp.Kosuke Shimizu - 2016 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 17 (2):324-327.
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  44. Book Reviews: Miranda Fricker and Jennifer Hornsby, Eds, The Cambridge Companion to Feminism in Philosophy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. Xiii + 280 Pp. ISBN 0—521— 62469—X, £13.95. [REVIEW]Pamela Sue Andersson - 2002 - Feminist Theory 3 (1):119-121.
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  45.  77
    Turning Failures Into Successes: A Methodological Shortcoming in Empirical Research on Surrogate Accuracy.Mats Johansson & Linus Broström - 2008 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 29 (1):17-26.
    Decision making for incompetent patients is a much-discussed topic in bioethics. According to one influential decision making standard, the substituted judgment standard, a surrogate decision maker ought to make the decision that the incompetent patient would have made, had he or she been competent. Empirical research has been conducted in order to find out whether surrogate decision makers are sufficiently good at doing their job, as this is defined by the substituted judgment standard. This research investigates to what extent surrogates (...)
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  46.  65
    On the Relationship of Hope and Gratitude to Corporate Social Responsibility.Lynne M. Andersson, Robert A. Giacalone & Carole L. Jurkiewicz - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 70 (4):401-409.
    A longitudinal study of 308 white -collar U.S. employees revealed that feelings of hope and gratitude increase concern for corporate social responsibility. In particular, employees with stronger hope and gratitude were found to have a greater sense of responsibility toward employee and societal issues; interestingly, employee hope and gratitude did not affect sense of responsibility toward economic and safety/quality issues. These findings offer an extension of research by Giacalone, Paul, and Jurkiewicz.
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  47.  73
    Enacting Ecological Sustainability in the MNC: A Test of an Adapted Value-Belief-Norm Framework.Lynne Andersson, Sridevi Shivarajan & Gary Blau - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 59 (3):295-305.
    . Undoubtedly, multinational corporations must play a significant role in the advancement of global ecological ethics. Our research offers a glimpse into the process of how goals of ecological sustainability in one multinational corporation can trickle down through the organization via the sustainability support behaviors of supervisors. We asked the question “How do supervisors in a multinational corporation internalize their corporation’s commitment to ecological sustainability and, in turn, behave in ways that convey this commitment to their subordinates?” In response, we (...)
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  48.  29
    Engineering Equity: How AI Can Help Reduce the Harm of Implicit Bias.Ying-Tung Lin, Tzu-Wei Hung & Linus Ta-Lun Huang - forthcoming - Philosophy and Technology:1-26.
    This paper focuses on the potential of “equitech”—AI technology that improves equity. Recently, interventions have been developed to reduce the harm of implicit bias, the automatic form of stereotype or prejudice that contributes to injustice. However, these interventions—some of which are assisted by AI-related technology—have significant limitations, including unintended negative consequences and general inefficacy. To overcome these limitations, we propose a two-dimensional framework to assess current AI-assisted interventions and explore promising new ones. We begin by using the case of human (...)
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  49.  10
    Roy Andersson's Living Trilogy and Jean-Luc Nancy's Evidence of Cinema.Bob Hanke - 2019 - Film-Philosophy 23 (1):72-92.
    In this article, I explore three films that comprise Swedish director Roy Andersson's “Living Trilogy” – Songs from the Second Floor ; You, the Living ; and A Pigeon Sat on a Branch Ref...
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  50.  29
    Surrogate Consent to Non-Beneficial Research: Erring on the Right Side When Substituted Judgments May Be Inaccurate.Mats Johansson & Linus Broström - 2016 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 37 (2):149-160.
    Part of the standard protection of decisionally incapacitated research subjects is a prohibition against enrolling them unless surrogate decision makers authorize it. A common view is that surrogates primarily ought to make their decisions based on what the decisionally incapacitated subject would have wanted regarding research participation. However, empirical studies indicate that surrogate predictions about such preferences are not very accurate. The focus of this article is the significance of surrogate accuracy in the context of research that is not expected (...)
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