Results for 'Lisa Hinton'

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  1.  3
    Public Involvement in the Governance of Population-Level Biomedical Research: Unresolved Questions and Future Directions.Sonja Erikainen, Phoebe Friesen, Leah Rand, Karin Jongsma, Michael Dunn, Annie Sorbie, Matthew McCoy, Jessica Bell, Michael Burgess, Haidan Chen, Vicky Chico, Sarah Cunningham-Burley, Julie Darbyshire, Rebecca Dawson, Andrew Evans, Nick Fahy, Teresa Finlay, Lucy Frith, Aaron Goldenberg, Lisa Hinton, Nils Hoppe, Nigel Hughes, Barbara Koenig, Sapfo Lignou, Michelle McGowan, Michael Parker, Barbara Prainsack, Mahsa Shabani, Ciara Staunton, Rachel Thompson, Kinga Varnai, Effy Vayena, Oli Williams, Max Williamson, Sarah Chan & Mark Sheehan - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2020-106530.
    Population-level biomedical research offers new opportunities to improve population health, but also raises new challenges to traditional systems of research governance and ethical oversight. Partly in response to these challenges, various models of public involvement in research are being introduced. Yet, the ways in which public involvement should meet governance challenges are not well understood. We conducted a qualitative study with 36 experts and stakeholders using the World Café method to identify key governance challenges and explore how public involvement can (...)
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  2. Chapters on the Art of Thinking, and Other Essays, Ed. By C.H. Hinton.James Hinton - 1879
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  3. Philosophy and Religion Selections From the Manuscripts of the Late James Hinton.James Hinton & Caroline Haddon - 1881 - K. Paul, Trench & Co.
  4. Libertarianism Without Inequality. [REVIEW]Timothy Hinton - 2005 - Philosophical Review 114 (1):142-144.
    Michael Otsuka sets out to vindicate left-libertarianism, a political philosophy which combines stringent rights of control over one's own mind, body, and life with egalitarian rights of ownership of the world. Otsuka reclaims the ideas of John Locke from the libertarian Right, and shows how his Second Treatise of Government provides the theoretical foundations for a left-libertarianism which is both more libertarian and more egalitarian than the Kantian liberal theories of John Rawls and Thomas Nagel. Otsuka's libertarianism is founded on (...)
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  5.  16
    Lesioning an Attractor Network: Investigations of Acquired Dyslexia.Geoffrey E. Hinton & Tim Shallice - 1991 - Psychological Review 98 (1):74-95.
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  6. Man and His Dwelling Place, an Essay [by J. Hinton].James Hinton - 1859
     
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  7.  26
    Scepticism—Philosophical and Everyday: J. M. Hinton.J. M. Hinton - 1989 - Philosophy 64 (248):219-243.
    Many years ago we often witnessed a testy insistence, on the part of some purist, that some very familiar philosophical ‘ism’ be defined before being discussed; when most people either thought that had been done already or were happy to wait for the discussion itself to identify the ‘ism’. The old new style, that featured those unexpected demands for definition, ended by trying people's patience in its turn. Today there is a widespread assumption that we know, well enough, what is (...)
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  8. The Original Position.Timothy Hinton (ed.) - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    At the centre of John Rawls's political philosophy is one of the most influential thought experiments of the twentieth century: which principles of justice would a group of individuals choose to regulate their society if they were deprived of any information about themselves that might bias their choice? In this collection of new essays, leading political philosophers examine the ramifications and continued relevance of Rawls's idea. Their chapters explore topics including the place of the original position in rational choice theory, (...)
     
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  9. Visual Experiences.J. M. Hinton - 1967 - Mind 76 (April):217-227.
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  10. Hinton and the Origins of Disjunctivism.Paul Snowdon - 2008 - In Adrian Haddock & Fiona Macpherson (eds.), Disjunctivism: Perception, Action, Knowledge. Oxford University Press. pp. 35--56.
     
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  11. Experiences: An Inquiry Into Some Ambiguities.J. M. Hinton - 1973 - Oxford: Clarendon Press.
    Someone who has more sympathy with traditional empiricism than with much of present-day philosophy may ask himself: 'How do my experiences give rise to my beliefs about an external world, and to what extent do they justify them?' He wants to refer, among other things, to unremarkable experiences, of a sort which he cannot help believing to be so extremely common that it would be ridiculous to call them common experiences. He mainly has in mind sense-experiences, and he thinks of (...)
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  12. Learning Multiple Layers of Representation.Geoffrey E. Hinton - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (10):428-434.
  13.  88
    Experiences.J. M. Hinton - 1967 - Philosophical Quarterly 17 (66):1-13.
  14.  21
    Lisa A. Shabel. Mathematics in Kant's Critical Philosophy: Reflections on Mathematical Practice. Studies in Philosophy Outstanding Dissertations, Robert Nozick, Ed. New York & London: Routledge, 2003. ISBN 0-415-93955-0. Pp. 178. [REVIEW]Lisa Shabel - 2007 - Philosophia Mathematica 15 (3):366-386.
    In this interesting and engaging book, Shabel offers an interpretation of Kant's philosophy of mathematics as expressed in his critical writings. Shabel's analysis is based on the insight that Kant's philosophical standpoint on mathematics cannot be understood without an investigation into his perception of mathematical practice in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. She aims to illuminate Kant's theory of the construction of concepts in pure intuition—the basis for his conclusion that mathematical knowledge is synthetic a priori. She does this through (...)
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  15.  24
    Mizrahi and Seidel: Experts in Confusion.Martin David Hinton - 2015 - Informal Logic 35 (4):539-554.
    In this paper I describe the apparent differences between the views of Mizrahi and Seidel on the strength of arguments from expert opinion. I show that most of Seidel's objections rely on an understanding of the words 'expert' and 'opinion' different from those which Mizrahi employs. I also discuss certain inconsistencies found in both papers over the use of these key terms. The paper concludes by noting that Mizrahi is right to suggest that evidence shows expert predictions to be unreliable, (...)
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  16.  72
    Must Egalitarians Choose Between Fairness and Respect?Timothy Hinton - 2001 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 30 (1):72-87.
  17. The Larger Life: Studies in Hinton's Ethics.Caroline Haddon & James Hinton - 1886 - Mind 11 (42):257-262.
     
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  18.  3
    Experiences.J. M. Hinton - 1974 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 35 (1):134-135.
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  19.  17
    Overcoming Disagreement Through Ordering: Building an Epistemic Hierarchy.Martin Hinton - 2018 - Studies in Logic, Grammar and Rhetoric 55 (1):77-91.
    This paper begins with an assessment of the origin of the term ‘deep disagreement’ to reflect fundamental differences in argument procedure and suggests an alternative explanation of such stalemates that may apply in many cases and does lead to a possible resolution strategy, through discussion of the ordering of certain principles, rather than their acceptance or rejection. Similarities are then drawn with disputes which are supported by conflicting expert opinions and I lay out the advantages of seeking to resolve them (...)
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  20.  7
    Scene-Based and Viewer-Centered Representations for Comparing Shapes.G. Hinton - 1988 - Cognition 30 (1):1-35.
  21.  16
    On Arguments From Ignorance.Martin David Hinton - 2018 - Informal Logic 38 (2):184-212.
    The purpose of this paper is twofold: to give a good account of the argument from ignorance, with a presumptive argumentation scheme, and to raise issues on the work of Walton, the nature of abduction and the concept of epistemic closure. First, I offer a brief disambiguation of how the terms 'argument from ignorance' and 'argumentum ad ignorantiam' are used. Second, I show how attempts to embellish this form of reasoning by Douglas Walton and A.J. Kreider have been unnecessary and (...)
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  22.  50
    Where Do Features Come From?Geoffrey Hinton - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (6):1078-1101.
    It is possible to learn multiple layers of non-linear features by backpropagating error derivatives through a feedforward neural network. This is a very effective learning procedure when there is a huge amount of labeled training data, but for many learning tasks very few labeled examples are available. In an effort to overcome the need for labeled data, several different generative models were developed that learned interesting features by modeling the higher order statistical structure of a set of input vectors. One (...)
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  23.  14
    Slippery Slopes and Other Consequences.Martin David Hinton - forthcoming - Logic and Logical Philosophy.
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  24. Mind, Brain, and Education.Christina Hinton, Kurt W. Fischer & Catherine Glennon - forthcoming - Mind.
  25.  16
    A Distributed Connectionist Production System.David S. Touretzky & Geoffrey E. Hinton - 1988 - Cognitive Science 12 (3):423-466.
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  26.  47
    A Learning Algorithm for Boltzmann Machines.David H. Ackley, Geoffrey E. Hinton & Terrence J. Sejnowski - 1985 - Cognitive Science 9 (1):147-169.
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  27.  68
    Burdened Virtues: Virtue Ethics for Liberatory Struggles.Lisa Tessman - 2005 - Oxford University Press.
    Lisa Tessman's Burdened Virtues is a deeply original and provocative work that engages questions central to feminist theory and practice, from the perspective of Aristotelian ethics. Focused primarily on selves who endure and resist oppression, she addresses the ways in which devastating conditions confronted by these selves both limit and burden their moral goodness, and affect their possibilities of flourishing. She describes two different forms of "moral trouble" prevalent under oppression. The first is that the oppressed self may be (...)
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  28.  68
    Choice and Luck in Recent Egalitarian Thought.Timothy Hinton - 2002 - Philosophical Papers 31 (2):145-167.
    Abstract Contemporary egalitarians often appeal to a distinction between inequalities issuing from choice as opposed to those stemming from brute luck. Inequalities of the second kind, they say, ought to be redressed, while those of the former may be allowed to stand. In this paper, I scrutinize the role played by the notion of brute luck in Ronald Dworkin's theory of equality. My intention is to show that Dworkin seeks to occupy what turns out to be an untenable middle position. (...)
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  29.  7
    Theory of Knowledge.J. M. Hinton - 1969 - Philosophical Review 78 (3):383.
  30.  52
    Moral Failure: On the Impossible Demands of Morality.Lisa Tessman - 2015 - Oup Usa.
    Moral Failure: On the Impossible Demands of Morality asks what happens when the sense that "I must" collides with the realization that "I can't." Bringing together philosophical and empirical work in moral psychology, Lisa Tessman here examines moral requirements that are non-negotiable and that contravene the principle that "ought implies can.".
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  31.  1
    Denise Riley and Lisa Baraitser in Conversation.Lisa Baraitser - 2020 - Feminist Theory 21 (3):339-349.
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  32.  49
    Review of Lisa A. Eckenwiler and Felicia G. Cohn, Eds., The Ethics of Bioethics.1. [REVIEW]Lisa Rasmussen - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (7):53-54.
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  33. Delusions and Other Irrational Beliefs.Lisa Bortolotti - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    Delusions are a common symptom of schizophrenia and dementia. Though most English dictionaries define a delusion as a false opinion or belief, there is currently a lively debate about whether delusions are really beliefs and indeed, whether they are even irrational. The book is an interdisciplinary exploration of the nature of delusions. It brings together the psychological literature on the aetiology and the behavioural manifestations of delusions, and the philosophical literature on belief ascription and rationality. The thesis of the book (...)
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  34.  11
    Pain’s Description: Beginning Grammar and Biological Philology.Devon E. Hinton - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (3):322-323.
    How can pain complaints be elicited and analyzed so as to increase the empathic bond between patient and clinician? I will argue that though Wierzbicka’s approach to this question is useful—an exploration of certain abstract dimensions of pain’s meaning—it fails to examine key aspects that are the most useful and crucial for cultural analysis and for building empathic bonds between the clinician and patient. Not just a grammar of pain is needed; rather a biological philology of pain.
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  35. Solitary Confinement: Social Death and its Afterlives.Lisa Guenther - 2013 - Minnesota University Press.
    Prolonged solitary confinement has become a widespread and standard practice in U.S. prisons—even though it consistently drives healthy prisoners insane, makes the mentally ill sicker, and, according to the testimony of prisoners, threatens to reduce life to a living death. In this profoundly important and original book, Lisa Guenther examines the death-in-life experience of solitary confinement in America from the early nineteenth century to today’s supermax prisons. Documenting how solitary confinement undermines prisoners’ sense of identity and their ability to (...)
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  36. Discovering Binary Codes for Documents by Learning Deep Generative Models.Geoffrey Hinton & Ruslan Salakhutdinov - 2011 - Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (1):74-91.
    We describe a deep generative model in which the lowest layer represents the word-count vector of a document and the top layer represents a learned binary code for that document. The top two layers of the generative model form an undirected associative memory and the remaining layers form a belief net with directed, top-down connections. We present efficient learning and inference procedures for this type of generative model and show that it allows more accurate and much faster retrieval than latent (...)
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  37.  63
    Prolegomenon to a Processual Approach to the Emotions.Alexander Laban Hinton - 1993 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 21 (4):417-451.
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  38.  47
    Achilles and the Tortoise.J. M. Hinton & C. B. Martin - 1953 - Analysis 14 (3):56 - 68.
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  39.  27
    Cognitive and Affective Components of Stimuli Presented in Three Modes.Patricia B. Hinton & Tracy B. Henley - 1993 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 31 (6):595-598.
  40.  29
    ‘Girl Talk’ (for Boys on the Left), or Marginalising Feminist Critical Praxis Lisa Jardine.Lisa Jardine - 1986 - Oxford Literary Review 8 (1):208-217.
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  41.  27
    A Critical Look at Finnis's Natural Law Ethics and the Role of Human Choice.Beverly Hinton - 2003 - Journal of Value Inquiry 37 (1):69-81.
  42.  19
    Imagery Without Arrays.Geoffrey Hinton - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (4):555-556.
  43.  3
    Prolegomenon to a Processual Approach to the Emotions.Alexander Laban Hinton - 1993 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 21 (4):417-451.
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  44. Epistemic Benefits of Elaborated and Systematized Delusions in Schizophrenia.Lisa Bortolotti - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (3):879-900.
    In this article I ask whether elaborated and systematized delusions emerging in the context of schizophrenia have the potential for epistemic innocence. Cognitions are epistemically innocent if they have significant epistemic benefits that could not be attained otherwise. In particular, I propose that a cognition is epistemically innocent if it delivers some significant epistemic benefit to a given agent at a given time, and if alternative cognitions delivering the same epistemic benefit are unavailable to that agent at that time. Elaborated (...)
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  45.  15
    Seeing and Causes.J. M. Hinton - 1966 - Philosophy 41 (158):348 - 355.
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  46. Locke on Adequacy to an Archetype and Real Essence.Beverly Hinton - 2006 - Locke Studies 6:59-83.
     
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  47.  26
    When Doing the Right Thing is Impossible.Lisa Tessman - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
    In this accessible yet throught-provoking work, Lisa Tessman takes us through gripping examples of the impossible demands of morality -- some epic, and others quotidian -- whose central predicament is: How do we make decisions when morality demands we do something that we cannot?
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  48.  35
    The Natural Philosophy of Margaret Cavendish.Lisa Sarasohn - 2010 - The Johns Hopkins University Pres.
    Lisa T. Sarasohn acutely examines the brilliant work of this untrained mind and explores the unorthodox development of her natural philosophy.
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  49. Illusions and Identity.J. Michael Hinton - 1967 - Analysis 27 (January):65-76.
  50.  67
    The Ethics of Bioethics: Mapping the Moral Landscape.Lisa A. Eckenwiler & Felicia Cohn (eds.) - 2007 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Stem cell research. Drug company influence. Abortion. Contraception. Long-term and end-of-life care. Human participants research. Informed consent. The list of ethical issues in science, medicine, and public health is long and continually growing. These complex issues pose a daunting task for professionals in the expanding field of bioethics. But what of the practice of bioethics itself? What issues do ethicists and bioethicists confront in their efforts to facilitate sound moral reasoning and judgment in a variety of venues? Are those immersed (...)
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