Results for 'Lisa J. McDonald'

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  1.  19
    Undergraduate Research Involving Human Subjects Should Not Be Granted Ethical Approval Unless It is Likely to Be of Publishable Quality.Cathal T. Gallagher, Lisa J. McDonald & Niamh P. McCormack - 2014 - HEC Forum 26 (2):169-180.
    Small-scale research projects involving human subjects have been identified as being effective in developing critical appraisal skills in undergraduate students. In deciding whether to grant ethical approval to such projects, university research ethics committees must weigh the benefits of the research against the risk of harm or discomfort to the participants. As the learning objectives associated with student research can be met without the need for human subjects, the benefit associated with training new healthcare professionals cannot, in itself, justify such (...)
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  2.  21
    The Fox and the Grapes: An Anglo-Irish Perspective on Conscientious Objection to the Supply of Emergency Hormonal Contraception Without Prescription.Cathal T. Gallagher, Alice Holton, Lisa J. McDonald & Paul J. Gallagher - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (10):638-642.
    Emergency hormonal contraception (EHC) has been available from pharmacies in the UK without prescription for 11 years. In the Republic of Ireland this service was made available in 2011. In both jurisdictions the respective regulators have included ‘conscience clauses’, which allow pharmacists to opt out of providing EHC on religious or moral grounds providing certain criteria are met. In effect, conscientious objectors must refer patients to other providers who are willing to supply these medicines. Inclusion of such clauses leads to (...)
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  3. New Waves in Metaethics By Michael Brady * New Waves in Truth By Cory D. Wright and Nikolaj J.L.L. Pedersen.Fritz J. McDonald - 2013 - Analysis 73 (2):400-402.
    Review of New Waves in Metaethics, edited by Michael Brady; and New Waves in Truth, edited by Cory D. Wright and Nikolaj J.L.L. Pedersen.
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  4.  25
    The Budé Livy J. Bayet Et G. Baillet: Tite-Live, Histoire Romaine, Livre V. (Collection Bude.) Pp. Viii + 172 (1–91 Double); Map. Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1954. Paper, 600 Fr. [REVIEW]A. H. McDonald - 1956 - The Classical Review 6 (01):42-43.
  5.  25
    A Commentary on Justin J. Boerma: Historischer Kommentar zu Justins Epitome Historiarum Philippicamm des Pompeius Trogus, l. XXVII–XXXIII, und zu den Prologi dieser Būcher. Pp. 124. (Diss. Groningen.) The Hague: printed by Huetinck, 1937. Paper, fl. 2.60. [REVIEW]A. H. McDonald - 1938 - The Classical Review 52 (01):23-24.
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  6.  24
    The Origins of the Second Punic War C. J. C. Arnold: Oorzaak En Schuld van den Tweeden Punischen Oorlog. Pp. 82. Amsterdam: H. J. Paris, 1939. Paper, Fl. 1.75. [REVIEW]A. H. McDonald - 1940 - The Classical Review 54 (01):42-43.
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  7.  17
    Experience and Philosophy: On the Work of John J. McDermott. [REVIEW]Hugh Mcdonald - 2007 - Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 35 (106):58-60.
  8.  14
    Ciceronian Dating P. Grimal: Études de Chronologie Cicéronienne (Années 58 Et 57 Av. J.C.).(Collection d'Études Anciennes.) Pp. 167, Map. Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1967. Cloth. [REVIEW]A. H. McDonald - 1970 - The Classical Review 20 (01):61-62.
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  9.  8
    Alphons J. Richert: Integrating Existential and Narrative Therapy: A Theoretical Base for Eclectic Practice. [REVIEW]Mary Catherine McDonald - 2012 - Human Studies 35 (3):471-476.
  10.  18
    The Crucible of Christian Morality.James I. H. McDonald - 1998 - Routledge.
    Christian morality has been of enormous significance in world history and still underpins moral notions today. In this groundbreaking volume, J. Ian H. McDonald explores the notion of Christian ethics and discusses its roots, its significance in developing moral standards throughout the world and its stability in the modern world. The Crucible of Christian Morality begins with a study of the ethos of early Christian communities, examining the relation of cosmic vision to moral attitude and authority, noting also the (...)
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  11.  6
    Titanium as an Endogenous Grain-Refining Nucleus.M. J. Bermingham, S. D. McDonald, D. H. St John & M. S. Dargusch - 2010 - Philosophical Magazine 90 (6):699-715.
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  12.  6
    The Analysis of Burgers Vectors of Dislocations in Coherent Twin Boundaries and Other Coincident Site Boundaries.A. J. Ardell & R. C. Mcdonald - 1974 - Philosophical Magazine 29 (6):1413-1420.
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  13. Linguistics, Psychology, and the Ontology of Language.Fritz J. McDonald - 2009 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 9 (3):291-301.
    Noam Chomsky’s well-known claim that linguistics is a “branch of cognitive psychology” has generated a great deal of dissent—not from linguists or psychologists, but from philosophers. Jerrold Katz, Scott Soames, Michael Devitt, and Kim Sterelny have presented a number of arguments, intended to show that this Chomskian hypothesis is incorrect. On both sides of this debate, two distinct issues are often conflated: (1) the ontological status of language and (2) the relation between psychology and linguistics. The ontological issue is, I (...)
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  14. Beyond Objectivism and Subjectivism.Fritz J. McDonald - 2016 - In Piotr Makowski, Mateusz Bonecki & Krzysztof Nowak-Posadzy (eds.), Praxiology and the Reasons for Action. Transaction Publishers.
    Subjectivism about reasons is the view that a person has a reason to perform act A if she has some motivation to do A, or would have motivation to do A in certain circumstances. In On What Matters, Derek Parfit presents a series of arguments against subjectivism about reasons. In Parfit’s view, if subjectivism were true, nothing would actually matter. Parfit contends that there are only two positions regarding reasons: objectivism and subjectivism. I will argue for an inclusive position on (...)
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  15.  21
    How Informed is Consent in Vulnerable Populations? Experience Using a Continuous Consent Process During the MDP301 Vaginal Microbicide Trial in Mwanza, Tanzania.Kavit Natujwa, Soteli Selephina, Kasindi Stella, Shagi Charles, Lees Shelley, Vallely Andrew, Vallely Lisa, McCormack Sheena, Pool Robert & J. Hayes Richard - 2010 - BMC Medical Ethics 11 (1):10-.
    Background: HIV prevention trials conducted among disadvantaged vulnerable at-risk populations in developing countries present unique ethical dilemmas. A key concern in bioethics is the validity of informed consent for trial participation obtained from research subjects in such settings. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a continuous informed consent process adopted during the MDP301 phase III vaginal microbicide trial in Mwanza, Tanzania. Methods: A total of 1146 women at increased risk of HIV acquisition working as alcohol (...)
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  16. Minimalism and Expressivism.Fritz J. McDonald - 2012 - Ethics in Progress 3:9-30.
    There has been a great deal of discussion in the recent philosophical literature of the relationship between the minimalist theory of truth and the expressivist metaethical theory. One group of philosophers contends that minimalism and expressivism are compatible, the other group contends that such theories are incompatible. Following Simon Blackburn (manuscript), I will call the former position ‘compatibilism’ and the latter position ‘incompatiblism.’ Even those compatibilist philosophers who hold that there is no conflict or tension between these two theories—minimalism and (...)
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  17. Agency and Responsibility.Fritz J. McDonald - 2010 - Journal of Value Inquiry 44 (2):199-207.
    According to Christine Korsgaard, Kantian hypothetical and categorical imperative principles are constitutive principles of agency. By acting in a way that is guided by these imperatives, an individual makes herself into an agent. There is hence, on her theory, an inextricable link between the nature of agency and the practical issue of why we should be rational and moral. The benefits of such an account would be great: in Korsgaard’s view, an account that bases morality on the nature of agency (...)
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  18. Review of Heidi M. Ravven, The Self Beyond Itself: An Alternative History of Ethics, the New Brain Sciences, and the Myth of Free Will. [REVIEW]Fritz J. McDonald - 2014 - Neuroethics 7 (2):251-252.
    The Self Beyond Itself is a defense of an incompatibilist, hard determinist view of free will. Free will is here defined in a very strong sense, as the existence of actions that do not result from any causes other than the agent herself. The question of how to define free will, especially whether it consists in the ability to do otherwise, and what the ability to do otherwise amounts to, is not given much consideration in this book.Ravven frames her work (...)
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  19.  36
    From Molecules to Dynamic Biological Communities.Daniel McDonald, Yoshiki Vázquez-Baeza, William A. Walters, J. Gregory Caporaso & Rob Knight - 2013 - Biology and Philosophy 28 (2):241-259.
    Microbial ecology is flourishing, and in the process, is making contributions to how the ecology and biology of large organisms is understood. Ongoing advances in sequencing technology and computational methods have enabled the collection and analysis of vast amounts of molecular data from diverse biological communities. While early studies focused on cataloguing microbial biodiversity in environments ranging from simple marine ecosystems to complex soil ecologies, more recent research is concerned with community functions and their dynamics over time. Models and concepts (...)
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  20. Wittgenstein and the Methodology of Semantics.Fritz J. McDonald - 2015 - In Ranjan Panda (ed.), Language, Mind and Reality: A Reflection on Philosophical Thoughts of R. C. Pradhan. Overseas Press.
    R.C. Pradhan claims in Language, Reality, and Transcendence that, in Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus and Philosophical Investigations, “[i]n no case is Wittgenstein interested in the empirical facts regarding language, as for him philosophy does not undertake any scientific study of language” (Pradhan 2009, xiv). I consider Ludwig Wittgenstein’s purportedly anti-scientific and anti-empirical approach to language in light of advances by philosophers and linguists in the latter half of the 20th century. I distinguish between various ways of understanding Wittgenstein’s stance against (...)
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  21.  10
    Financial Disclosure and Customer Satisfaction: Do Companies Talking the Talk Actually Walk the Walk?Ronald J. Balvers, John F. Gaski & Bill McDonald - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 139 (1):29-45.
    Using the emerging technology of large-scale textual analysis, this study examines the use of the term ‘customer satisfaction’ and its variants in the annual reports issued by publicly traded U.S. corporations and filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission as Form 10-K. We document the frequency of the term’s occurrence in 10-Ks over the 1995–2013 period and the differences in usage across industries. We then relate the term’s usage in 10-Ks to subsequent scores from the American Customer Satisfaction Index to (...)
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  22. Why Language Exists.Fritz J. McDonald - 2012 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 12 (1):1-12.
    There are words. There are sentences. There are languages. Commonsense linguistic realism is the conjunction of the three preceding claims. Linguists and philosophers including Noam Chomsky (1986, 2000), Georges Rey (2006, 2008), and Barry C. Smith (2006) have presented skeptical doubts regarding the existence of linguistic entities. These doubts provide no good reason to deny commonsense linguistic realism. Some skeptical doubts are in fact not directed at the metaphysical thesis of commonsense linguistic realism but rather only at non-metaphysical methodological concerns. (...)
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  23.  39
    Critical Inquiry and Knowledge Translation: Exploring Compatibilities and Tensions.Sheryl Reimer-Kirkham, Colleen Varcoe, Annette J. Browne, M. Judith Lynam, Koushambhi Basu Khan & Heather McDonald - 2009 - Nursing Philosophy 10 (3):152-166.
    Knowledge translation has been widely taken up as an innovative process to facilitate the uptake of research-derived knowledge into health care services. Drawing on a recent research project, we engage in a philosophic examination of how knowledge translation might serve as vehicle for the transfer of critically oriented knowledge regarding social justice, health inequities, and cultural safety into clinical practice. Through an explication of what might be considered disparate traditions, we identify compatibilities and discrepancies both within the critical tradition, and (...)
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  24.  92
    Western Desert Iconography: Rock Art Mythological Narratives and Graphic Vocabularies.J. McDonald & P. Veth - 2011 - Diogenes 58 (3):7-21.
  25.  72
    Review: On What Matters. [REVIEW]Fritz J. McDonald - 2012 - Metapsychology Online Reviews 16.
  26. Cooperation and Its Evolution.Fritz J. McDonald - 2015 - Philosophical Psychology 28 (8):1253-1255.
    Review of Cooperation and its Evolution, edited by Kim Sterelny, Richard Joyce, Brett Calcott, and Ben Fraser.
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  27.  16
    The Impact of Rural–Urban Migration on Under-Two Mortality in India.Rob Stephenson, Zoe Matthews & J. W. Mcdonald - 2003 - Journal of Biosocial Science 35 (1):15-31.
    This paper examines the impact of ruralurban migrant and non-migrant groups. The selectivity of ruralurban migrants and rural non-migrants. Problems faced by migrants in assimilating into urban societies create mortality differentials between ruralchild mortality. Further research is needed to understand the health care needs of rural–urban migrants in order to inform the provision of appropriate health care.
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  28. Book Review. [REVIEW]Fritz J. McDonald - 2006 - Journal of Value Inquiry 40 (4):485-488.
    Review of The Oxford Handbook of Ethical Theory, edited by David Copp.
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  29. A Deflationary Metaphysics of Morality.Fritz J. McDonald - 2010 - Acta Analytica 25 (3):285-298.
    The metaphysical dispute between moral realists and antirealists is cast in terms of properties: the realist holds that moral properties exist, the antirealist denies this claim. There is a longstanding philosophical dispute over the nature of properties, and the obscurity of properties may make the realist/antirealist dispute even more obscure. In the spirit of deflationary theories of truth, we can turn to a deflationary theory of properties in order to clarify this issue. One might reasonably worry that such an account (...)
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  30. Christine M. Korsgaard, the Constitution of Agency. [REVIEW]Fritz J. McDonald - 2010 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 13 (2):235-236.
    Review of Christine Korsgaard, The Constitution of Agency.
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  31.  7
    Peter Singer , Does Anything Really Matter? Essays on Parfit on Objectivity. Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Fritz J. McDonald - 2018 - Philosophy in Review 38 (2):80-82.
  32.  37
    Metafizički minimalizam.Fritz J. McDonald - 2011 - Prolegomena 10 (1):39-52.
    Properties and facts play a central role within metaphysics, yet there is no widely accepted account of what constitutes a property or a fact. Traditional conceptions of these metaphysical notions raise serious philosophical puzzles, making the existence of each seem dubious. Drawing on the minimalist theory of truth, I argue in favor of a minimalist conception of properties and facts. A minimalist theory of properties and facts explains these matters in terms of the acceptance of trivial schemas. To make the (...)
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  33.  97
    Review of Korsgaard's The Constitution of Agency (2008, OUP). [REVIEW]Fritz J. McDonald - forthcoming - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice.
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  34.  99
    Truth and Realism – Patrick Greenough and Michael P. Lynch.Fritz J. McDonald - 2008 - Philosophical Quarterly 58 (230):178–180.
    Review of Truth and Realism, edited by Patrick Greenough and Michael Lynch.
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  35.  4
    Learning From the Slips of Others: Neural Correlates of Trust in Automated Agents.Ewart J. de Visser, Paul J. Beatty, Justin R. Estepp, Spencer Kohn, Abdulaziz Abubshait, John R. Fedota & Craig G. McDonald - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  36.  27
    Does Moral Discourse Require Robust Truth?Fritz J. McDonald - 2009 - Logos Architekton 3.
    It has been argued by several philosophers that a deflationary conception of truth, unlike more robust conceptions of truth, cannot properly account for the nature of moral discourse. This is due to what I will call the “quick route problem”: There is a quick route from any deflationary theory of truth and certain obvious features of moral practice to the attribution of truth to moral utterances. The standard responses to the quick route problem are either to urge accepting a conception (...)
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  37.  24
    Ethics and Social Policy.William J. McDonald - 1942 - New Scholasticism 16 (1):94-97.
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  38.  26
    Patient Expectations in Placebo‐Controlled Randomized Clinical Trials.David A. Stone, Catherine E. Kerr, Eric Jacobson, A. Lisa & Ted J. Kaptchuk - 2005 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 11 (1):77-84.
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  39.  25
    Right Reverend Charles A. Hart, Ph.D., LL.D.William J. McDonald - 1959 - New Scholasticism 33 (1):133-137.
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  40.  22
    Metaphysical Minimalism.Fritz J. McDonald - 2011 - Prolegomena 10 (1):39-52.
    Properties and facts play a central role within metaphysics, yet there is no widely accepted account of what constitutes a property or a fact. Traditional conceptions of these metaphysical notions raise serious philosophical puzzles, making the existence of each seem dubious. Drawing on the minimalist theory of truth, I argue in favor of a minimalist conception of properties and facts. A minimalist theory of properties and facts explains these matters in terms of the acceptance of trivial schemas. To make the (...)
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  41.  16
    Time Bytes.Linda McDonald & Linda J. Rogers - 1994 - Semiotics:261-274.
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  42.  17
    Wisdom and the Ancient Celt.William J. McDonald - 1945 - New Scholasticism 19 (3):185-201.
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  43.  31
    Worlds of Truth: A Philosophy of Knowledge by Israel Scheffler.F. J. McDonald - 2010 - Analysis 70 (2):383-385.
    (No abstract is available for this citation).
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  44.  24
    Scientism.Andrew Lugg & J. F. McDonald - 1993 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 23 (2):291-298.
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  45.  13
    A Christian Looks at the Jewish Question.William J. McDonald - 1940 - New Scholasticism 14 (3):322-322.
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  46.  15
    Fr. Ernan McMullin on Evolutionary Biology and a Theology of the Human.Patrick J. McDonald - 2012 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 86 (2):355-367.
    While it was not a main focus of his work, Ernan McMullin contributed to reflection on being human in the context of human evolutionary history. His work developed multiple strands for the formation of a systematic Christian evolutionary theism regarding human beings. The first theme concerns St. Augustine’sexplorations of “seed-like” principles in developing the idea that God brought forth humans in part through a natural process. Secondly, the paper discussesMcMullin’s response to the claim that evolutionary theory suggests humans to be (...)
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  47.  12
    Growth Fundamentalism in Dying Rural Towns:Implications for Rural Development Practitioners. [REVIEW]Curtis W. Stofferahn, Cordell A. Fontaine, Douglas J. McDonald, Mike Spletto & Holly Jeanotte - 1991 - Agriculture and Human Values 8 (3):25-34.
    In our paper we will try to connect the dynamics of community decline to individual responses. We will operate on two levels of reality. At the first level we will discuss the circumstances surrounding the recent decline of small communities in North Dakota. At the second level we will discuss how this decline affects small town residents' attitudes toward economic development. In the first level analysis we examine the thesis that the natural environment of community growth is economic exploitation; therefore, (...)
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  48.  14
    The Church and the Liberal Society.William J. McDonald - 1944 - New Scholasticism 18 (4):395-397.
  49.  14
    Michel Meulders. Helmholtz: From Enlightenment to Neuroscience. Trans. And Ed., Laurence Garey. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2010. Pp. Xvii+235. $27.95. [REVIEW]Patrick J. McDonald - 2014 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 4 (1):182-186.
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  50.  23
    Post-Physicalism and Beyond.D. Vaden House & Marvin J. McDonald - 1992 - Dialogue 31 (4):593-.
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