Results for 'Lisa M. Herzog'

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  1. An ethical framework for global vaccine allocation.Ezekiel J. Emanuel, Govind Persad, Adam Kern, Allen E. Buchanan, Cecile Fabre, Daniel Halliday, Joseph Heath, Lisa M. Herzog, R. J. Leland, Ephrem T. Lemango, Florencia Luna, Matthew McCoy, Ole F. Norheim, Trygve Ottersen, G. Owen Schaefer, Kok-Chor Tan, Christopher Heath Wellman, Jonathan Wolff & Henry S. Richardson - 2020 - Science 1:DOI: 10.1126/science.abe2803.
    In this article, we propose the Fair Priority Model for COVID-19 vaccine distribution, and emphasize three fundamental values we believe should be considered when distributing a COVID-19 vaccine among countries: Benefiting people and limiting harm, prioritizing the disadvantaged, and equal moral concern for all individuals. The Priority Model addresses these values by focusing on mitigating three types of harms caused by COVID-19: death and permanent organ damage, indirect health consequences, such as health care system strain and stress, as well as (...)
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  2. Obligations in a global health emergency - Authors’ reply.Ezekiel Emanuel, Cecile Fabre, Lisa M. Herzog, Ole F. Norheim, Govind Persad, G. Owen Schaefer & Kok-Chor Tan - 2021 - Lancet 398 (10316):2072.
    In response to commentators, we argue that whether waiving patent rights will meaningfully improve access to COVID-19 vaccines for low income and middle-income countries (LMICs), particularly in the short term, is an empirical matter. We also reject preferentially allocating vaccines to countries that hosted trials because doing so unethically favours those with research infrastructure, rather than those facing the worst burdens from COVID-19.
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  3.  53
    Harry G. Frankfurt, On Inequality. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2015.Lisa Herzog - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (3):823-825.
    This is a book review. Summary: I'm not a fan.
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  4.  30
    Lisa Herzog. Inventing the Market: Smith, Hegel, & Political Theory.Gregory M. Collins - 2014 - The Owl of Minerva 46 (1/2):137-145.
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  5.  78
    A Bridge Back to the Future: Public Health Ethics, Bioethics, and Environmental Ethics.Lisa M. Lee - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (9):5-12.
    Contemporary biomedical ethics and environmental ethics share a common ancestry in Aldo Leopold's and Van Rensselaer Potter's initial broad visions of a connected biosphere. Over the past five decades, the two fields have become strangers. Public health ethics, a new subfield of bioethics, emerged from the belly of contemporary biomedical ethics and has evolved over the past 25 years. It has moved from its traditional concern with the tension between individual autonomy and community health to a wider focus on social (...)
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  6.  52
    Domain-specific and domain-general processes underlying metacognitive judgments.Lisa M. Fitzgerald, Mahnaz Arvaneh & Paul M. Dockree - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 49:264-277.
  7.  58
    Epistemic Identities in Interdisciplinary Science.Lisa M. Osbeck & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2017 - Perspectives on Science 25 (2):226-260.
    Confronting any science studies or learning sciences researcher in the 21st century is the reality of interdisciplinary science. New hybrid fields1 collaboratively build new concepts, combine models from two or more disciplines and forge inter-reliant relationships among specialists with different skill sets to solve new problems. This paper emerges from our recognition that inescapable psychological factors, including identity dynamics, must be described and analyzed in order to better understand the social and cognitive practices specific to interdisciplinary science. In analysis of (...)
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  8. Patient Advocacy in Clinical Ethics Consultation.Lisa M. Rasmussen - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (8):1 - 9.
    The question of whether clinical ethics consultants may engage in patient advocacy in the course of consultation has not been addressed, but it highlights for the field that consultants? allegiances, and the boundaries of appropriate professional practice, must be better understood. I consider arguments for and against patient advocacy in clinical ethics consultation, which demonstrate that patient advocacy is permissible, but not central to the practice of consultation. I then offer four recommendations for consultants who engage in patient advocacy, and (...)
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  9.  38
    Situating distributed cognition.Lisa M. Osbeck & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2014 - Philosophical Psychology 27 (1):1-16.
    We historically and conceptually situate distributed cognition by drawing attention to important similarities in assumptions and methods with those of American ?functional psychology? as it emerged in contrast and complement to controlled laboratory study of the structural components and primitive ?elements? of consciousness. Functional psychology foregrounded the adaptive features of cognitive processes in environments, and adopted as a unit of analysis the overall situation of organism and environment. A methodological implication of this emphasis was, to the extent possible, the study (...)
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  10.  55
    Affective problem solving: emotion in research practice.Lisa M. Osbeck & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2011 - Mind and Society 10 (1):57-78.
    This paper presents an analysis of emotional and affectively toned discourse in biomedical engineering researchers’ accounts of their problem solving practices. Drawing from our interviews with scientists in two laboratories, we examine three classes of expression: explicit, figurative and metaphorical, and attributions of emotion to objects and artifacts important to laboratory practice. We consider the overall function of expressions in the particular problem solving contexts described. We argue that affective processes are engaged in problem solving, not as simply tacked onto (...)
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  11.  69
    The distribution of representation.Lisa M. Osbeck & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2006 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 36 (2):141–160.
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  12.  47
    Clinical Ethics Consultants are not “Ethics” Experts—But They do Have Expertise.Lisa M. Rasmussen - 2016 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 41 (4):384-400.
    The attempt to critique the profession of clinical ethics consultation by establishing the impossibility of ethics expertise has been a red herring. Decisions made in clinical ethics cases are almost never based purely on moral judgments. Instead, they are all-things-considered judgments that involve determining how to balance other values as well. A standard of justified decision-making in this context would enable us to identify experts who could achieve these standards more often than others, and thus provide a basis for expertise (...)
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  13.  28
    Conceptual problems in the development of a psychological notion of "intuition".Lisa M. Osbeck - 1999 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 29 (3):229–249.
    Despite increased interest in “intuition” within cognitive psychology, the conceptual framework of this notion remains problematic. This paper argues that conceptual shortcomings stem from a tendency to ignore the philosophical heritage of intuition or to dismiss the relevance of this heritage to contemporary theory. The paper outlines major understandings of intuition within psychology and prominent philosophical traditions, highlighting important points of inconsistency in these and examining consequences of the inconsistency. It also considers psychological conceptions of intuition that more readily overlap (...)
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  14.  11
    Citizen-soldiers or Warriors.Lisa M. Mundey - 2008 - Semiotics:130-139.
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  15. Comparative limb development as a tool for understanding the evolutionary diversification of limbs in arthropods: challenging the modularity paradigm.Lisa M. Nagy & Terri A. Williams - 2001 - In G. P. Wagner (ed.), The Character Concept in Evolutionary Biology. Academic Press. pp. 455--488.
  16.  33
    Beyond Motivation and Metaphor:'Scientific Passions' and Anthropomorphism.Lisa M. Osbeck & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2013 - In Vassilios Karakostas & Dennis Dieks (eds.), Epsa11 Perspectives and Foundational Problems in Philosophy of Science. Springer. pp. 455--466.
  17.  18
    The Presidential Bioethics Commission: Pedagogical Materials and Bioethics Education.Lisa M. Lee, Hillary Wicai Viers & Misti Ault Anderson - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (5):16-19.
    The Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues was created by President Obama in 2009 to identify and promote policies and practices that ensure scientific research, health care delivery, and technological innovation are conducted in socially and ethically responsible manners. The bioethics commission is an independent and thoughtful group of experts who advises the President and, in so doing, strives to educate the nation on bioethical issues. As part of the effort to promote policies and practices ensuring the ethical (...)
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  18.  33
    Public Health Ethics Theory: Review and Path to Convergence.Lisa M. Lee - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (1):85-98.
    For over 100 years, the field of contemporary public health has existed to improve the health of communities and populations. As public health practitioners conduct their work – be it focused on preventing transmission of infectious diseases, or prevention of injury, or prevention of and cures for chronic conditions – ethical dimensions arise. Borrowing heavily from the ethical tools developed for research ethics and bioethics, the nascent field of public health ethics soon began to feel the limits of the clinical (...)
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  19.  69
    Public Health Ethics Theory: Review and Path to Convergence.Lisa M. Lee - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (1):85-98.
    Public health ethics is a nascent field, emerging over the past decade as an applied field merging concepts of clinical and research ethics. Because the “patient” in public health is the population rather than the individual, existing principles might be weighted differently, or there might be different ethical principles to consider. This paper reviewed the evolution of public health ethics, the use of bioethics as its model, and the proposed frameworks for public health ethics through 2010. Review of 13 major (...)
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  20.  19
    When Citizens Do Science: Stories from Labs, Garages, and Beyond.Lisa M. Rasmussen - 2019 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 9 (1):1-4.
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  21.  13
    Chemokines: extracellular messengers for all occasions?Lisa M. Gale & Shaun R. McColl - 1999 - Bioessays 21 (1):17-28.
    Movement of leukocytes from peripheral blood into tissues, also called leukocyte extravasation, is absolutely essential for immunity in higher organisms. Over the past decade, our understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in white blood cell extravasation during both normal immune surveillance and the generation of protective immune responses has taken a great leap forward with the discovery of the chemokine gene superfamily. Chemokines are low-molecular-weight cytokines whose major collective biological activity appears to be that of chemotaxis of both specific and (...)
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  22.  51
    An Ethics Expertise for Clinical Ethics Consultation.Lisa M. Rasmussen - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (4):649-661.
    The legitimacy of clinical ethics consultation is often implied to rest on the legitimacy of moral expertise. In turn, moral expertise seems subject to many serious critiques, the success of which implies that clinical ethics consultation is illegitimate. I explore a number of these critiques, and forward “ethics expertise,” as distinct from “moral expertise,” as a way of avoiding these critiques. I argue that “ethics expertise” succeeds in avoiding most of the critiques, captures what clinical ethics consultants might justifiably do, (...)
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  23.  25
    An Ethics Expertise for Clinical Ethics Consultation.Lisa M. Rasmussen - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (4):649-661.
    A major obstacle to broad support of clinical ethics consultation is suspicion regarding the nature of the moral expertise it claims to offer. The suspicion seems to be confirmed when the field fails to make its moral expertise explicit. In this vacuum, critics suggest the following:Clinical ethics consultation's legitimacy depends on its ability to offer an expertise in moral matters.Expertise in moral matters is knowledge of a singular moral truth which applies to everyone.The claim that a clinical ethics consultant can (...)
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  24.  9
    Feminist Interpretations of Ayn Rand.Lisa M. Dolling - 2000 - Journal of Ayn Rand Studies 1 (2).
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  25.  1
    The Tests of Time: Readings in the Development of Physical Theory.Lisa M. Dolling, Arthur F. Gianelli & Glenn N. Statile - 2003 - Princeton University Press.
    The development of physical theory is one of our greatest intellectual achievements. Its products--the currently prevailing theories of physics, astronomy, and cosmology--have proved themselves to possess intrinsic beauty and to have enormous explanatory and predictive power. This anthology of primary readings chronicles the birth and maturation of five such theories (the heliocentric theory, the electromagnetic field theory, special and general relativity, quantum theory, and the big bang theory) in the words of the scientists who brought them to life. It is (...)
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  26.  19
    Lost and found in the margins: Women, interdisciplinary collaboration, and integrative development.Lisa M. Osbeck - 2020 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 40 (1):32-42.
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  27.  25
    The growth of Ethics Bowls: a pedagogical tool to develop moral reasoning in a complex world.Lisa M. Lee - 2020 - International Journal of Ethics Education 6 (1):141-148.
    The first Ethics Bowl competition was established in the 1990s by Dr. Robert Ladenson of the Illinois Institute of Technology to help students reason through ethical challenges they will face in their personal and professional lives, and help them develop responsibilities as citizens of a democracy. Since then, the Ethics Bowl format and its pedagogical goals have been adapted to many other academic disciplines and a variety of student and professional populations. Our aim was to quantify the growth of the (...)
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  28.  14
    Against Inflationary Views of Ethics Expertise.Lisa M. Rasmussen - 2018 - HEC Forum 30 (2):171-185.
    Abram Brummett and Christopher Ostertag offer critiques of my argument that clinical ethics consultants have expertise but are not “ethics experts”. My argument begins within our less-than-ideal world and asks what a justification of a clinical ethics consultation recommendation might look like under those conditions. It is a challenge to what could be called an “inflationary” position on ethics expertise that requires agreement on or rational proof of metaethical facts about the values at stake in clinical ethics consultation. Brummett and (...)
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  29.  62
    The Familiar Face of Genocide: Internalized Oppression among American Indians.Lisa M. Poupart - 2003 - Hypatia 18 (2):86-100.
    Virtually nonexistent in traditional American Indian communities, today American Indian women and children experience family violence at rates similar to those of the dominant culture. This article explores violence within American Indian communities as an expression of internalized oppression and as an extension of Euro-American violence against American Indian nations.
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  30. Deep Democracy: Community, Diversity, Transformation.Lisa M. Heldke - 2004 - Hypatia 19 (2):177-180.
  31. The familiar face of genocide: Internalized oppression among american indians.Lisa M. Poupart - 2003 - Hypatia 18 (2):86-100.
    : Virtually nonexistent in traditional American Indian communities, today American Indian women and children experience family violence at rates similar to those of the dominant culture. This article explores violence within American Indian communities as an expression of internalized oppression and as an extension of Euro-American violence against American Indian nations.
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  32.  7
    “Groping for Trouts in a Peculiar River:” Challenges in Exploration and Application for Ethnographic Study of Interdisciplinary Science.Lisa M. Osbeck & Nancy J. Nersessian - 2019 - In Kieran C. O'Doherty, Lisa M. Osbeck, Ernst Schraube & Jeffery Yen (eds.), Psychological Studies of Science and Technology. Springer Verlag. pp. 103-126.
    We describe our efforts to address theoretical opportunities and methodological challenges that arose in the context of our ethnographic investigation of research labs in four different fields of bioengineering science. The multiyear study compared the common and specific features of four sites of interdisciplinary practice and aimed to analyze personal and collective goals, problem formulations, methods, technologies, and social organization within each lab. In the second phase of the study we sought to inform curriculum development for biomedical engineering from the (...)
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  33.  75
    Transgender experience and identity.Lisa M. Diamond, Seth T. Pardo & Molly R. Butterworth - 2011 - In Seth J. Schwartz, Koen Luyckx & Vivian L. Vignoles (eds.), Handbook of identity theory and research. New York: Springer Science+Business Media. pp. 629--647.
  34.  34
    Emergence of a Discipline? Growth in U.S. Postsecondary Bioethics Degrees.Lisa M. Lee & Frances A. McCarty - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (2):19-21.
    Teaching competency in bioethics has been a concern of the field since its start. In 1976, The Hastings Center published the first report on the teaching of contemporary bioethics. Graduate programs culminating in an MA or PhD were not needed at the time, concluded the report. “In the future, however,” the report speculated, “the development and/or changing social priorities may at some point allow, or even require, the creation of new academic structures for graduate education in bioethics.” Although that future (...)
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  35.  13
    Private Law and the Rule of Law.Lisa M. Austin & Dennis Klimchuk (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    The rule of law is widely perceived to be a public law doctrine, concerned with the way governmental authority conforms to dictates of law. This book explores the idea that the rule of law instead concerns the conditions under which any relationship - that among citizens as well as that between citizens and the state - becomes subject to law.
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  36.  13
    Constraints on the experimental design process in real-world science.Lisa M. Baker & Kevin Dunbar - 1996 - In Garrison W. Cottrell (ed.), Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 154--159.
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  37.  10
    Problem Spaces in Real-World Science: What are They and How Do Scientists Search Them?Lisa M. Baker & Kevin Dunbar - 1996 - In Garrison W. Cottrell (ed.), Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 21--22.
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  38.  20
    Evolutionary conservation in genes underlying human psychiatric disorders.Lisa M. Ogawa & Eric J. Vallender - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  39.  94
    PhD by Publication: A Student's Perspective.Lisa M. Robins & Peter J. Kanowski - 2008 - Journal of Research Practice 4 (2):Article M3.
    This article presents the first author's experiences as an Australian doctoral student undertaking a PhD by publication in the arena of the social sciences. She published nine articles in refereed journals and a peer-reviewed book chapter during the course of her PhD. We situate this experience in the context of current discussion about doctoral publication practices, in order to inform both postgraduate students and academics in general. The article discusses recent thinking about PhD by publication and identifies the factors that (...)
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  40.  15
    Constructing the Past, Construing the Future: Time and History in the Garden Space of Stowe.Lisa M. Zeitz - 1999 - Lumen: Selected Proceedings From the Canadian Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies 18:201.
  41. Michael Neth.Lisa M. Steinman - 2004 - The European Legacy 9 (5):649-653.
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  42.  7
    Protestantism and the American Founding.Lisa M. Sullivan - 2005 - Utopian Studies 16 (2):316-320.
  43.  16
    Beyond Belmont—and Beyond Regulations.Lisa M. Rasmussen - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (8):19-21.
    The ethical (and philosophical) issues arising in citizen science are fascinating, challenging, and potentially pathbreaking in that they force us to reconsider the conceptual and regulatory catego...
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  44.  21
    Partnering, Not Enduring: Citizen Science and Research Participation.Lisa M. Rasmussen & Toby Schonfeld - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (9):44-45.
    Volume 19, Issue 9, September 2019, Page 44-45.
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  45.  41
    The Case of Vipul Bhrigu and the Federal Definition of Research Misconduct.Lisa M. Rasmussen - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (2):411-421.
    The Office of Research Integrity found in 2011 that Vipul Bhrigu, a postdoctoral researcher who sabotaged a colleague’s research materials, was guilty of misconduct. However, I argue that this judgment is ill-considered and sets a problematic precedent for future cases. I first discuss the current federal definition of research misconduct and representative cases of research misconduct. Then, because this case recalls a debate from the 1990s over what the definition of “research misconduct” ought to be, I briefly recapitulate that history (...)
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  46.  22
    The Hard Question of Justification in Health Care Ethics Consultation.Lisa M. Rasmussen - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (11):65-66.
    Volume 19, Issue 11, November 2019, Page 65-66.
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  47.  20
    An Ethics for Public Health Surveillance.Lisa M. Lee - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (10):61-63.
    Volume 20, Issue 10, October 2020, Page 61-63.
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  48.  29
    Advocacy Through a Prism: A Response to Commentaries on “Patient Advocacy in Clinical Ethics Consultation”.Lisa M. Rasmussen - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (8):W1 - W3.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 8, Page W1-W3, August 2012.
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  49. A metacognitive learning cycle: A better warranty for student understanding?Lisa M. Blank - 2000 - Science Education 84 (4):486-506.
  50. Chi mi sa dir s' io fingo?. Newtonianesimo e scetticismo in Giammaria Ortes.M. di Lisa - 1988 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 8 (2):202-249.
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