Results for 'Lisa McAllister'

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  1.  28
    A Bioeconomic Approach to Marriage and the Sexual Division of Labor.Michael Gurven, Jeffrey Winking, Hillard Kaplan, Christopher von Rueden & Lisa McAllister - 2009 - Human Nature 20 (2):151-183.
    Children may be viewed as public goods whereby both parents receive equal genetic benefits yet one parent often invests more heavily than the other. We introduce a microeconomic framework for understanding household investment decisions to address questions concerning conflicts of interest over types and amount of work effort among married men and women. Although gains and costs of marriage may not be spread equally among marriage partners, marriage is still a favorable, efficient outcome under a wide range of conditions. This (...)
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  2.  28
    Editor's Report, 2005.James W. McAllister, Leonard Angel, Jonathan Bain, Craig Callender, Tian Yu Cao, Lisa Dolling, Gerald D. Doppelt, Antony Eagle, Henry Folse & Mélanie Frappier - 2006 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 20 (2):125-127.
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  3.  70
    Model Selection and the Multiplicity of Patterns in Empirical Data.James W. McAllister - 2007 - Philosophy of Science 74 (5):884-894.
    Several quantitative techniques for choosing among data models are available. Among these are techniques based on algorithmic information theory, minimum description length theory, and the Akaike information criterion. All these techniques are designed to identify a single model of a data set as being the closest to the truth. I argue, using examples, that many data sets in science show multiple patterns, providing evidence for multiple phenomena. For any such data set, there is more than one data model that must (...)
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  4.  28
    Beauty and Revolution in Science.J. D. Trout & James W. McAllister - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (2):320.
    The role of aesthetic factors in science is often mentioned, but seldom discussed in a sustained and systematic way. This thoughtful book is James McAllister’s attempt to do so. McAllister’s treatment engages a broad range of issues, relating aesthetic criteria to such diverse issues as the history of astronomy and twentieth-century physics, theoretical ruptures, and architecture. Its core goals are two. One goal is to show that there is a role for aesthetic considerations in theory choice that is (...)
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  5.  42
    Beauty & Revolution in Science.James W. McAllister - 1996 - Cornell University Press.
  6.  75
    Phenomena and Patterns in Data Sets.James W. McAllister - 1997 - Erkenntnis 47 (2):217-228.
    Bogen and Woodward claim that the function of scientific theories is to account for 'phenomena', which they describe both as investigator-independent constituents of the world and as corresponding to patterns in data sets. I argue that, if phenomena are considered to correspond to patterns in data, it is inadmissible to regard them as investigator-independent entities. Bogen and Woodward's account of phenomena is thus incoherent. I offer an alternative account, according to which phenomena are investigator-relative entities. All the infinitely many patterns (...)
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  7.  31
    Beauty and Revolution in Science.James W. Mcallister - 1996 - Mind 110 (437):239-243.
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  8. What Do Patterns in Empirical Data Tell Us About the Structure of the World?James W. McAllister - 2011 - Synthese 182 (1):73-87.
    This article discusses the relation between features of empirical data and structures in the world. I defend the following claims. Any empirical data set exhibits all possible patterns, each with a certain noise term. The magnitude and other properties of this noise term are irrelevant to the evidential status of a pattern: all patterns exhibited in empirical data constitute evidence of structures in the world. Furthermore, distinct patterns constitute evidence of distinct structures in the world. It follows that the world (...)
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  9.  75
    Thought Experiments and the Belief in Phenomena.James W. McAllister - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):1164-1175.
    Thought experiment acquires evidential significance only on particular metaphysical assumptions. These include the thesis that science aims at uncovering "phenomena"universal and stable modes in which the world is articulatedand the thesis that phenomena are revealed imperfectly in actual occurrences. Only on these Platonically inspired assumptions does it make sense to bypass experience of actual occurrences and perform thought experiments. These assumptions are taken to hold in classical physics and other disciplines, but not in sciences that emphasize variety and contingency, such (...)
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  10.  31
    Mathematical Beauty and the Evolution of the Standards of Mathematical Proof.J. W. McAllister - unknown
  11.  78
    Effective Complexity as a Measure of Information Content.James W. McAllister - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 70 (2):302-307.
    Murray Gell-Mann has proposed the concept of effective complexity as a measure of information content. The effective complexity of a string of digits is defined as the algorithmic complexity of the regular component of the string. This paper argues that the effective complexity of a given string is not uniquely determined. The effective complexity of a string admitting a physical interpretation, such as an empirical data set, depends on the cognitive and practical interests of investigators. The effective complexity of a (...)
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  12. Truth and Beauty in Scientific Reason.James W. Mcallister - 1989 - Synthese 78 (1):25 - 51.
    A rationalist and realist model of scientific revolutions will be constructed by reference to two categories of criteria of theory-evaluation, denominated indicators of truth and of beauty. Whereas indicators of truth are formulateda priori and thus unite science in the pursuit of verisimilitude, aesthetic criteria are inductive constructs which lag behind the progression of theories in truthlikeness. Revolutions occur when the evaluative divergence between the two categories of criteria proves too wide to be recomposed or overlooked. This model of revolutions (...)
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  13.  28
    The Composite Species Concept: A Rigorous Basis for Cladistic Practice.D. J. Kornet & James W. McAllister - 2005 - In Thomas Reydon & Lia Hemerik (eds.), Current Themes in Theoretical Biology. Springer. pp. 95--127.
  14.  87
    Recent Work on Aesthetics of Science.James W. McAllister - 2002 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 16 (1):7 – 11.
    This introduction to the special issue on "Aesthetics of Science" reviews recent philosophical research on aesthetic aspects of science. Topics represented in this research include the aesthetic properties of scientific images, theories, and experiments; the relation of science and art; the role of aesthetic criteria in scientific practice and their effect on the development of science; aesthetic aspects of mathematics; the contrast between a classic and a Romantic aesthetic; and the relation between emotion, cognition, and rationality.
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  15.  4
    Dilemmas in Science: What, Why, and How.J. W. McAllister - unknown
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  16. Scientific Realism and the Criteria for Theory-Choice.James W. McAllister - 1993 - Erkenntnis 38 (2):203 - 222.
    The central terms of certain theories which were valued highly in the past, such as the phlogiston theory, are now believed by realists not to refer. Laudan and others have claimed that, in the light of the existence of such theories, scientific realism is untenable. This paper argues in response that realism is consistent with — and indeed is able to explain — such theories' having been highly valued and yet not being close to the truth. It follows that the (...)
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  17.  56
    The Ontology of Patterns in Empirical Data.James W. McAllister - 2010 - Philosophy of Science 77 (5):804-814.
  18. Theory-Assessment in the Historiography of Science.James W. McAllister - 1986 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (3):315-333.
    This paper argues that evaluation of the truth and rationality of past scientific theories is both possible and profitable. The motivation for this enterprise is traced to recent discussions by I. Lakatos, L. Laudan and others on the import of history for the philosophy of science; several objections to it are considered and T. S. Kuhn is found to advance the most substantive. An argument for establishing judgements of rationality and truth in the face of scientific revolutions is presented; finally (...)
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  19.  88
    The Simplicity of Theories: Its Degree and Form. [REVIEW]James W. McAllister - 1991 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 22 (1):1-14.
    Almost all commentators acknowledge that among the grounds on which scientists perform theory-choices are criteria of simplicity. In general, simplicity is regarded either as only a logico-empirical quality of a theory, diagnostic of the theory's future predictive success, or as a purely aesthetic or otherwise extra-empirical property of it. This paper attempts to demonstrate that the simplicity-criteria applied in scientific practice include both a logico-empirical and a quasi-aesthetic criterion: to conflate these in an account of scientists' theory-choice is to court (...)
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  20.  20
    Is Beauty a Sign of Truth in Scientific Theories?J. W. McAllister - unknown
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  21.  33
    Contours of a European Philosophy of Science.James W. McAllister - 2008 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 22 (1):1 – 3.
  22.  45
    Malcolm Gladwell, Blink: The Power of Thinking Without Thinking. [REVIEW]James W. McAllister - 2007 - Minds and Machines 17 (1):125-128.
  23.  87
    Scientists' Aesthetic Judgements.James W. McAllister - 1991 - British Journal of Aesthetics 31 (4):332-341.
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  24.  87
    Universal Regularities and Initial Conditions in Newtonian Physics.James W. Mcallister - 1999 - Synthese 120 (3):325-343.
    The Newtonian universe is usually understood to contain two classes of causal factors: universal regularitiesand initial conditions. I demonstrate that,in fact, the Newtonian universe contains no causal factors other thanuniversal regularities: the initial conditions ofany physical system are merely theconsequence of universal regularities acting on previoussystems. It follows that aNewtonian universe lacks the degree of contingency that is usually attributed to it. This is a necessary precondition for maintaining that the Newtonian universe is a block universe that exhibits no temporal (...)
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  25.  22
    Climate Science Controversies and the Demand for Access to Empirical Data.James W. McAllister - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (5):871-880.
  26. Laws of Nature, Natural History, and the Description of the World.James W. McAllister - 1997 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 11 (3):245 – 258.
    The modern sciences are divided into two groups: law-formulating and natural historical sciences. Sciences of both groups aim at describing the world, but they do so differently. Whereas the natural historical sciences produce “transcriptions” intended to be literally true of actual occurrences, laws of nature are expressive symbols of aspects of the world. The relationship between laws and the world thus resembles that between the symbols of classical iconography and the objects for which they stand. The natural historical approach was (...)
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  27.  22
    Emotion, Rationality, and Decision Making in Science.J. W. McAllister - unknown
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  28.  84
    Philosophy of Science in the Netherlands.James W. McAllister - 1997 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 11 (2):191 – 204.
    Conditions for philosophy of science in the Netherlands are not optimal. The climate of opinion in Dutch philosophy is unsympathetic to the sciences, partly because of the influence of theology. Dutch universities offer no taught graduate programmes in philosophy of science, which would provide an entry route for science graduates. A great deal of Dutch research in philosophy of science is affected by an exegetical attitude, which fosters the interpretation and evaluation of other writers rather than the development of original (...)
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  29.  24
    Dirac and the Aesthetic Evaluation of Theories.J. W. McAllister - unknown
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  30.  48
    Philosophie Et Incarnation.Joseph B. McAllister - 1948 - New Scholasticism 22 (2):235-237.
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  31.  38
    Absence of Contingency in the Newtonian Universe.James W. McAllister - 2004 - Foundations of Science 9 (2):191-210.
  32.  14
    The Virtual Laboratory: Thought Experiments in Seventeenth-Century Mechanics.J. W. McAllister - unknown
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  33.  5
    The Integration of European Higher Education and the Nature of Philosophy.J. W. McAllister - unknown
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  34.  31
    Report of the Treasurer.Joseph B. McAllister - 1949 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 23:177-177.
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  35.  24
    Editor's Report, 2002.James W. Mcallister - 2003 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 17 (2).
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  36.  24
    Jacobi’s Theory of Truth.Joseph McAllister - 1942 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 18:103-112.
  37.  24
    "Warrants for Truth" Review of J. Leplin, A Novel Defense of Scientific Realism (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997) and R. G. Newton, The Truth of Science: Physical Theories and Reality (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1997). [REVIEW]J. W. McAllister - unknown
  38.  26
    History and Science.Joseph B. McAllister - 1940 - New Scholasticism 14 (3):318-320.
  39.  23
    Competition Among Scientific Disciplines in Cold Nuclear Fusion Research.James W. McAllister - 1992 - Science in Context (dup) 5 (1):17-49.
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  40.  22
    Psychologie Réflexive.Joseph B. McAllister - 1950 - New Scholasticism 24 (1):100-101.
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  41.  33
    Author’s Response.James W. McAllister - 1998 - Metascience 7 (1):112-116.
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  42.  40
    Toward a Re-Examination of Psychological Hedonism.W. K. McAllister - 1952 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 13 (4):499-505.
  43.  20
    The Nations in the Mediaeval Universities.Joseph B. McAllister - 1949 - New Scholasticism 23 (1):112-114.
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  44.  19
    Conspectus Cosmologiae.Joseph B. McAllister - 1943 - New Scholasticism 17 (3):295-296.
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  45.  14
    Between Physics and Philosophy.Joseph B. McAllister - 1942 - New Scholasticism 16 (1):90-93.
  46.  20
    Nicolaus of Autrecourt.Joseph B. McAllister - 1949 - New Scholasticism 23 (2):237-238.
  47.  16
    Saint Augustine.Joseph B. McAllister - 1940 - New Scholasticism 14 (1):80-84.
  48.  26
    C. A. Jones and P. Galison, Eds., Picturing Science, Producing Art (London: Routledge, 1998).J. W. McAllister - unknown
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  49.  13
    How Our Minds Work.Joseph B. McAllister - 1948 - New Scholasticism 22 (3):344-346.
  50.  24
    Two Errors in Assessing the Ontological Argument.Alan McAllister - 1978 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 9 (3):171 - 178.
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