Results for 'Liston Michael'

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  1.  81
    Rabbits Astray and Significance Awandering: Review Essay on Mark Wilson’s Wandering Significance.Michael Liston - 2010 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 81 (3):809-817.
  2.  35
    Scientific Realism and Antirealism.Michael Liston - 2016 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Scientific Realism and Antirealism Debates about scientific realism concern the extent to which we are entitled to hope or believe that science will tell us what the world is really like. Realists tend to be optimistic; antirealists do not. To a first approximation, scientific realism is the view that well-confirmed scientific theories are approximately true; … Continue reading Scientific Realism and Antirealism →.
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  3. Mark Steiner. The Applicability of Mathematics as a Philosophical Problem.Michael Liston - 2000 - Philosophia Mathematica 8 (2):190-213.
  4.  54
    Taking Mathematical Fictions Seriously.Michael Liston - 1993 - Synthese 95 (3):433 - 458.
    I argue on the basis of an example, Fourier theory applied to the problem of vibration, that Field's program for nominalizing science is unlikely to succeed generally, since no nominalistic variant will provide us with the kind of physical insight into the phenomena that the standard theory supplies. Consideration of the same example also shows, I argue, that some of the motivation for mathematical fictionalism, particularly the alleged problem of cognitive access, is more apparent than real.
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  5.  50
    Critical Studies / Book Reviews.Michael Liston - 2000 - Philosophia Mathematica 8 (2):190-213.
  6.  70
    Knowledge, Cause, and Abstract Objects: Causal Objections to Platonism.Michael Liston - 2004 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 82 (2):356 – 359.
    Book Information Knowledge, Cause, and Abstract Objects: Causal Objections to Platonism. Knowledge, Cause, and Abstract Objects: Causal Objections to Platonism Colin Cheyne , Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers , 2001 , xvi + 236 , £55 ( cloth ) By Colin Cheyne. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Pp. xvi + 236. £55.
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  7.  9
    The Fortunes of Inquiry. [REVIEW]Michael Liston - 1992 - Philosophical Review 101 (2):433-436.
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  8.  77
    Explaining Donnellan's Distinction.Jeffrey King & Michael Liston - 1984 - Analysis 44 (1):13 - 14.
  9.  24
    Review of Understanding the Infinite by Shaughan Lavine. [REVIEW]Michael Liston - 1996 - Philosophy of Science 63 (3):480-482.
  10.  23
    Review of What Is Mathematics, Really? By Reuben Hersh. [REVIEW]Michael Liston - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (3):501-502.
  11.  17
    How Abstract Objects Strike Us.Michael Liston - 1994 - Dialectica 48 (1):3-27.
    SummaryBenacerraf challenges us to account for the reliability of our mathematical beliefs given that there appear to be no natural connections between mathematical believers and mathematical ontology. In this paper I try to do two things. I argue that the interactionist view underlying this challenge renders inexplicable not only the reliability of our mathematical beliefs, construed either platonistically or naturalistically , but also the reliability of most of our beliefs in physics. I attempt to counter Benacerraf's challenge by sketching an (...)
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  12.  53
    Mr. More on Rigidity and Identity.Michael Liston - 1983 - Analysis 43 (3):146 - 147.
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  13.  6
    Externalist Determinants of Reference.Michael Liston - 1998 - ProtoSociology 11:173-215.
    According to externalism, reference is a relation between uses of an expression and features of the environment. Moreover, the reference relation is normative , and the referential relata of our expressions are explanatory of successful language use. This paper largely agrees with the broad conception underlying externalism: it is what people do with words that makes them have the references they have, and the world constrains what people can successfully do with words. However, the paper strongly disagrees with the details (...)
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  14.  27
    Christopher Pincock. Mathematics and Scientific Representation. Oxford University Press, 2012. ISBN 978-0-19-975710-7. Pp. Xv + 330. [REVIEW]Michael Liston - 2013 - Philosophia Mathematica 21 (3):371-385.
  15.  37
    Reliability in Mathematical Physics.Michael Liston - 1993 - Philosophy of Science 60 (1):1-21.
    In this paper I argue three things: (1) that the interactionist view underlying Benacerraf's (1973) challenge to mathematical beliefs renders inexplicable the reliability of most of our beliefs in physics; (2) that examples from mathematical physics suggest that we should view reliability differently; and (3) that abstract mathematical considerations are indispensable to explanations of the reliability of our beliefs.
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  16.  35
    Roland Omnès. Converging Realities: Towards a Common Philosophy of Physics and Mathematics. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2005. Pp. XVII + 264. Isbn 0-691-11530-. [REVIEW]Michael Liston - 2007 - Philosophia Mathematica 15 (2):257-267.
    In this book physicist Roland Omnès addresses some big questions in philosophy of mathematics. Anyone who reflects on the history and practice of mathematics and the sciences, especially physics, will naturally be struck by some remarkable coincidences. First, often newly developed mathematics was not well understood. But its successful applications and its agreement with intuitive representations of reality promoted confidence in its correctness even absent clear foundations . Later, this confidence is vindicated when a proper setting for the concepts and (...)
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  17.  25
    Meaning in Mathematics.Michael Liston - 2012 - History and Philosophy of Logic 33 (4):379-381.
    History and Philosophy of Logic, Volume 0, Issue 0, Page 1-2, Ahead of Print.
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  18.  14
    Duhemian Lessons for Metaphysicians.Michael Liston - manuscript
    In this paper I discuss lessons that metaphysicians might learn from Duhem. Given Duhem’s well known antipathy to metaphysics, you will likely think that this is a fairly inauspicious beginning with a predictable ending: i.e., physics is one thing, metaphysics another, and never the twain shall meet. If you will bear with me, however, I hope to persuade you differently. On the contrary, I will argue, Duhem was both a common sense and metaphysical realist, his nuanced views about the relationship (...)
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  19.  15
    On Tins and Tin-Openers.Michael Liston - 2009 - In Henk W. de Regt (ed.), Epsa Philosophy of Science: Amsterdam 2009. Springer. pp. 151--160.
    Most science requires applied mathematics. This truism underlies the Quine-Putnam indispensability argument: we cannot be mathematical nominalists without rejecting whole swaths of good science that are seamlessly linked with mathematics. One style of response accepts the challenge head-on and attempts to show how to do science without mathematics. There is some consensus that the response fails because the nominalistic apparatus deployed either is not extendible to all of mathematical physics or is merely a deft reconstrual equivalent to standard mathematics. A (...)
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  20.  11
    Unifying Scientific Theories: Physical Concepts and Mathematical Structures. Margaret Morrison.Michael Liston - 2001 - Isis 92 (3):579-580.
  21.  13
    Mathematical Empiricism and the Mathematization of Chance: Comment on Gillies and Schneider.Michael Liston - 2000 - In Emily Grosholz & Herbert Breger (eds.), The Growth of Mathematical Knowledge. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 77--80.
  22.  26
    Review of Penelope Maddy, Second Philosophy: A Naturalistic Method[REVIEW]Michael Liston - 2007 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (12).
  23.  24
    On Tins and Tin-Openers.Michael Liston - 2011 - In de Regt Henk W. (ed.), EPSA Philosophy of Science: Amsterdam 2009. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 151-160.
    Most science requires applied mathematics. This truism underlies the Quine-Putnam indispensability argument: we cannot be mathematical nominalists without rejecting whole swaths of good science that are seamlessly linked with mathematics. One style of response (e.g. Field’s program) accepts the challenge head-on and attempts to show how to do science without mathematics. There is some consensus that the response fails because the nominalistic apparatus deployed either is not extendible to all of mathematical physics or is merely a deft reconstrual equivalent to (...)
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  24.  11
    Unifying Scientific Theories: Physical Concepts and Mathematical Structures by Margaret Morrison. [REVIEW]Michael Liston - 2001 - Isis 92:579-580.
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  25.  6
    Through a Glass Darkly - Russell on Names.Michael Liston - 2007 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 3 (2):191-226.
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  26.  5
    Mathematical Progress: Ariadne's Thread.Michael Liston - 2000 - In Emily Grosholz & Herbert Breger (eds.), The Growth of Mathematical Knowledge. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 257--268.
  27.  2
    Does" Rabbit" Refer to Rabbits?Michael Liston & Michael List - 2005 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 1 (1):39-56.
  28.  15
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Daniel P. Liston, Richard R. Renner, Judy Holzman, Cameron Mccarthy, Michael W. Apple, William M. Stallings, Kathryn M. Borman, David Hursh, Joseph L. Devitis, Peter A. Sola, Chris Eisele, Ned Lovell, Michael A. Olivas, Alan Wieder, Robert Zuber & Richard E. Sullivan - 1986 - Educational Studies 17 (4):598-661.
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  29.  17
    Duhem: Images of Science, Historical Continuity, and the First Crisis in Physics.Liston Michael - 2017 - Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 2:73.
    Duhem used historical arguments to draw philosophical conclusions about the aim and structure of physical theory. He argued against explanatory theories and in favor of theories that provide natural classifications of the phenomena. This paper presents those arguments and, with the benefit of hindsight, uses them as a test case for the prevalent contemporary use of historical arguments to draw philosophical conclusion about science. It argues that Duhem provides us with an illuminating example of philosophy of science developing as a (...)
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  30.  78
    Formal Causes: Definition, Explanation, and Primacy in Socratic and Aristotelian Thought, by Michael T. Ferejohn: Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013, Pp. Xii + 211, £35. [REVIEW]Michaelis Michael - 2015 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 93 (1):204-205.
  31. Reviews : Michael Billig, Arguing and Thinking: A Rhetorical Approach to Social Psychology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989 (1987), Paper £9.95, Vi + 290 Pp. [REVIEW]Mike Michael - 1991 - History of the Human Sciences 4 (3):441-444.
  32. Scientific Realism and Antirealism.Liston Michael - 2016 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Scientific Realism and Antirealism Debates about scientific realism concern the extent to which we are entitled to hope or believe that science will tell us what the world is really like. Realists tend to be optimistic; antirealists do not. To a first approximation, scientific realism is the view that well-confirmed scientific theories are approximately true; … Continue reading Scientific Realism and Antirealism →.
     
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  33. Perception, Knowledge and Freedom in the Age of Extremes: On the Historical Epistemology of Ludwik Fleck and Michael Polanyi. [REVIEW]Michael Hagner - 2012 - Studies in East European Thought 64 (1-2):107-120.
    This paper deals with Ludwik Fleck’s theory of thought styles and Michael Polanyi’s theory of tacit knowledge. Though both concepts have been very influential for science studies in general, and both have been subject to numerous interpretations, their accounts have, somewhat surprisingly, hardly been comparatively analyzed. Both Fleck and Polanyi relied on the physiology and psychology of the senses in order to show that scientific knowledge follows less the path of logical principles than the path of accepting or rejecting (...)
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  34.  48
    Michael McGhee, Transformations of Mind: Philosophy as Spiritual Practice Reviewed By. [REVIEW]Michael D. Kurak - 2001 - Philosophy in Review 21 (3):189-191.
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  35. Saving Seven Embryos or Saving One Child? Michael Sandel on the Moral Status of Human Embryos.Gregor Damschen & Dieter Schönecker - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Research 32 (Ethics and the Life Sciences):239-245.
    Suppose a fire broke out in a fertility clinic. One had time to save either a young girl, or a tray of ten human embryos. Would it be wrong to save the girl? According to Michael Sandel, the moral intuition is to save the girl; what is more, one ought to do so, and this demonstrates that human embryos do not possess full personhood, and hence deserve only limited respect and may be killed for medical research. We will argue, (...)
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  36. Kant’s Response to Hume in the Second Analogy: A Critique of Gerd Buchdahl’s and Michael Friedman’s Accounts.Saniye Vatansever - 2018 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 8 (2):310–346.
    This article presents a critical analysis of two influential readings of Kant’s Second Analogy, namely, Gerd Buchdahl’s “modest reading” and Michael Friedman’s “strong reading.” After pointing out the textual and philosophical problems with each, I advance an alternative reading of the Second Analogy argument. On my reading, the Second Analogy argument proves the existence of necessary and strictly universal causal laws. This, however, does not guarantee that Kant has a solution for the problem of induction. After I explain why (...)
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  37. Review of Michael Sandel's What Money Can't Buy: The Moral Limits of Markets. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2012, 256 Pp. [REVIEW]Thomas R. Wells - 2014 - Erasmus Journal for Philosophy and Economics 7 (1):138-149.
    Michael Sandel’s latest book is not a scholarly work but is clearly intended as a work of public philosophy—a contribution to public rather than academic discourse. The book makes two moves. The first, which takes up most of it, is to demonstrate by means of a great many examples, mostly culled from newspaper stories, that markets and money corrupt—degrade—the goods they are used to allocate. The second follows from the first as Sandel’s proposed solution: we as a society should (...)
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  38.  90
    Reframing Tacit Human-Nature Relations: An Inquiry Into Process Philosophy and the Philosophy of Michael Polanyi.Roope Oskari Kaaronen - 2018 - Environmental Values 27 (2):179-201.
    To combat the ecological crisis, fundamental change is required in how humans perceive nature. This paper proposes that the human-nature bifurcation, a metaphysical mental model that is deeply entrenched and may be environmentally unsound, stems from embodied and tacitly-held substance-biased belief systems. Process philosophy can aid us, among other things, in providing an alternative framework for reinterpreting this bifurcation by drawing an ontological bridge between humans and nature, thus providing a coherent philosophical basis for sustainable dwelling and policy-making. Michael (...)
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  39. Michael Ruse's Design for Living.Robert J. Richards - 2004 - Journal of the History of Biology 37 (1):25 - 38.
    The eminent historian and philosopher of biology, Michael Ruse, has written several books that explore the relationship of evolutionary theory to its larger scientific and cultural setting. Among the questions he has investigated are: Is evolution progressive? What is its epistemological status? Most recently, in "Darwin and Design: Does Evolution have a Purpose?," Ruse has provided a history of the concept of teleology in biological thinking, especially in evolutionary theorizing. In his book, he moves quickly from Plato and Aristotle (...)
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  40. Rational and Social Agency: The Philosophy of Michael Bratman, Edited by Manuel Vargas and Gideon Yaffe.Michael Brent - 2018 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 15 (3):371-374.
  41. Michael Madary's Visual Phenomenology.Neil Mehta - forthcoming - Philosophical Review.
  42.  6
    Robert B. Stewart: Intelligent Design: William A. Dembski & Michael Ruse in Dialogue. [REVIEW]Logan Paul Gage - 2008 - Journal of Lutheran Ethics 8 (10).
    A review of Robert. B. Stewart's edited volume concerning a discussion between William Dembski and Michael Ruse. Further contributions are included from William Lane Craig and others.
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  43. Michael Dummett.Bernhard Weiss - 2002 - Princeton University Press.
    Michael Dummett's approach to the metaphysical issue of realism through the philosophy of language, his challenge to realism, and his philosophy of language itself are central topics in contemporary analytic philosophy and have influenced the work of other major figures such as Quine, Putnam, and Davidson. This book offers an accessible and systematic presentation of the main elements of Dummett's philosophy. This book's overarching theme is Dummett's discussion of realism: his characterization of realism, his attack on realism, and his (...)
     
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  44. Review of Michael Devitt's Putting Metaphysics First: Essays on Metaphysics and Epistemology. [REVIEW]Jussi Suikkanen - 2015 - Mind 124 (493):327-331.
    This is a review of Michael Devitt's collection of previously published articles entitled Putting Metaphysics First: Essays on Metaphysics and Epistemology. The review also suggests a new way of formulation the realism/anti-realism contrast on the basis of Devitt's work. This contrast is understood in terms explanatory priority: should we in a given domain begin our theorizing from metaphysics (realism) or semantics (anti-realism)?
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  45. A Critique of Michael Huemer’s 'The Problem of Political Authority'.Danny Frederick - 2015 - Reason Papers 37 (2):178-97.
    How could a state have the moral authority to promulgate and enforce laws that citizens are thereby obliged to obey? That is the problem of political authority. The Consequentialist Explanation of Political Authority contends that great social benefits depend upon there being a state with political authority. In his book, The Problem of Political Authority, Michael Huemer considers different types of explanation of political authority and he rejects them all. I show that the objections he raises to consequentialist accounts (...)
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  46. Michael Polanyi: Can the Mind Be Represented by a Machine?Paul Richard Blum - 2010 - Existence and Anthropology.
    On the 27th of October, 1949, the Department of Philosophy at the University of Manchester organized a symposium "Mind and Machine", as Michael Polanyi noted in his Personal Knowledge (1974, p. 261). This event is known, especially among scholars of Alan Turing, but it is scarcely documented. Wolfe Mays (2000) reported about the debate, which he personally had attended, and paraphrased a mimeographed document that is preserved at the Manchester University archive. He forwarded a copy to Andrew Hodges and (...)
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  47.  26
    Review of Michael McKenna, Conversation and Responsibility. [REVIEW]Paul Russell - 2017 - Philosophical Review 126 (2):285-95.
    Michael McKenna’s Conversation and Responsibility is an ambitious and impressive statement of a new theory of moral responsibility. McKenna’s approach builds upon the strategy advanced in P.F. Strawson’s enormously influential “Freedom and Resentment” (which was published in 1962). The account advanced aims to provide Strawson’s theory with the sort of detail that is required to fill significant gaps and respond to a wide range of criticisms and objections that have been directed against it. ....Conversation and Responsibility belongs on the (...)
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  48.  67
    Comparison and History in the Study of Religious Ethics: An Essay on Michael Cook's "Commanding Right and Forbidding Wrong in Islamic Thought". [REVIEW]John Kelsay - 2007 - Journal of Religious Ethics 35 (2):347 - 373.
    Qur'an 3:104 speaks of "commanding right and forbidding wrong" as a constitutive feature of the Muslim community. Michael Cook's careful and comprehensive study provides a wealth of information about the ways Muslims in various contexts have understood this notion. Cook also makes a number of comparative observations, and suggests that "commanding" appears to be a uniquely Muslim practice. Scholars of religious ethics should read Cook's study with great appreciation. They will also have a number of questions about his comparative (...)
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  49.  33
    Michael Gazzaniga’s Neuro-Cognitive Antireductionism and the Challenge of Neo-Mechanistic Reduction.Diego Azevedo Leite - 2018 - Rivista Internazionale di Filosofia e Psicologia 9 (2):109-126.
    : Michael Gazzaniga, a prominent cognitive neuroscientist, has argued against reductionist accounts of cognition. Instead, Gazzaniga defends a form of non-reductive physicalism: epistemological neuro-cognitive non-reductionism and ontological monist physicalism. His position is motivated by the theses that: cognitive phenomena can be realized by multiple neural systems; many outcomes of these systems are unpredictable; and multi-level explanations are required. Epistemological neuro-cognitive non-reductionism is presented as the most appropriate stance to account for the way in which phenomena should be explained in (...)
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  50. Michael Dummett on the Morality of Contraception.John Schwenkler - 2012 - Heythrop Journal 53 (5):763-767.
    In his recent writings, Sir Michael Dummett has reflected twice on the Catholic position on the morality of contraception, focusing his attention especially on Humanae Vitae’s prohibition of the contraceptive use of the birth control pill. On examination, Dummett finds this prohibition ‘incoherent’, arguing that its promulgation ‘greatly damaged the respect of the faithful for the Catholic Church’s moral teaching in general’, as well as ‘the integrity of Catholic moral theology’. Given Dummett’s earlier defense of Paul VI’s reaffirmation of (...)
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