Results for 'Lloyd J. Miller'

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  1.  31
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Maralyn Blachowicz, Lloyd J. Miller, Ezri Atzmon, Brian J. Spittle, Fred C. Rankine, Abdelhady Elsayed Abdu, Stafford Kay, Edward B. Goellner, Jerome F. Megna, Ronald Mark & Robert S. Griffin - 1981 - Educational Studies 12 (1):85-98.
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  2.  7
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Philip G. Altbach, Hilda Calabro, Lloyd J. Miller, Janice Ann Beran, Harvey G. Neufeldt, John Martin Rich, Clinton R. Bunke, John L. Brickell, Glorianne M. Leck & J. J. Chambliss - 1979 - Educational Studies 10 (1):94-113.
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  3.  9
    The Hand of the Lord. A Reassessment of the "Ark Narrative" of I Samuel.Lloyd Bailey, Patrick D. Miller & J. J. Roberts - 1979 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 99 (3):471.
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  4.  23
    Cardiovascular Disease and Non‐Steroidal Anti‐Inflammatory Drug Prescribing in the Midst of Evolving Guidelines.Timothy T. Pham, Michael J. Miller, Donald L. Harrison, Ann E. Lloyd, Kimberly M. Crosby & Jeremy L. Johnson - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (6):1026-1034.
  5.  11
    Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries The Ethereal Aether. A History of Michelson-Morley-Miller Aether-Drift Experiments, 1880–1930. By Lloyd S. Swenson Jr Austin: University of Texas Press, 1972. Pp. Xxii +361. £4.75. Nineteenth Century Aether Theories. By Kenneth F. Schaffner. Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1972. Pp. X + 278. £3.25. [REVIEW]J. O. Marsh - 1974 - British Journal for the History of Science 7 (1):96-97.
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  6. An Empirical Investigation of Purported Passage Phenomenology.Andrew J. Latham, Kristie Miller & James Norton - 2020 - Journal of Philosophy 117 (7):353-386.
    It has widely been assumed, by philosophers, that most people unambiguously have a phenomenology as of time passing, and that this is a datum that philosophical theories must accommodate. Moreover, it has been assumed that the greater the extent to which people have said phenomenology, the more likely they are to endorse a dynamical theory of time. This paper is the first to empirically test these assumptions. Surprisingly, our results do not support either assumption. One experiment instead found the reverse (...)
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  7. Hedonic and Non-Hedonic Bias Toward the Future.Preston Greene, Andrew J. Latham, Kristie Miller & James Norton - 2021 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 99 (1):148-163.
    It has widely been assumed, by philosophers, that our first-person preferences regarding pleasurable and painful experiences exhibit a bias toward the future (positive and negative hedonic future-bias), and that our preferences regarding non-hedonic events (both positive and negative) exhibit no such bias (non-hedonic time-neutrality). Further, it has been assumed that our third-person preferences are always time-neutral. Some have attempted to use these (presumed) differential patterns of future-bias—different across kinds of events and perspectives—to argue for the irrationality of hedonic future-bias. This (...)
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  8. Is Our Naïve Theory of Time Dynamical?Andrew J. Latham, Kristie Miller & James Norton - 2021 - Synthese 198 (5):4251-4271.
    We investigated, experimentally, the contention that the folk view, or naïve theory, of time, amongst the population we investigated is dynamical. We found that amongst that population, ~ 70% have an extant theory of time that is more similar to a dynamical than a non-dynamical theory, and ~ 70% of those who deploy a naïve theory of time deploy a naïve theory that is more similar to a dynamical than a non-dynamical theory. Interestingly, while we found stable results across our (...)
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  9. Do the Folk Represent Time as Essentially Dynamical?Andrew J. Latham, Kristie Miller & James Norton - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    Recent research (Latham, Miller and Norton, forthcoming) reveals that a majority of people represent actual time as dynamical. But do they, as suggested by McTaggart and Gödel, represent time as essentially dynamical? This paper distinguishes three interrelated questions. We ask (a) whether the folk representation of time is sensitive or insensitive: i.e., does what satisfies the folk representation of time in counterfactual worlds depend on what satisfies it actually—sensitive—or does is not depend on what satisfies it actually—insensitive, and (b) (...)
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  10. An Empirical Investigation of the Role of Direction in our Concept of Time.Andrew J. Latham, Kristie Miller & James Norton - 2021 - Acta Analytica 36 (1):25-47.
    This paper empirically investigates one aspect of the folk concept of time by testing how the presence or absence of directedness impacts judgements about whether there is time in a world. Experiment 1 found that dynamists, showed significantly higher levels of agreement that there is time in dynamically directed worlds than in non-dynamical non-directed worlds. Comparing our results to those we describe in Latham et al., we report that while ~ 70% of dynamists say there is time in B-theory worlds, (...)
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  11.  26
    Foundations of Logic Programming.J. W. Lloyd - 1987 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 52 (1):288-289.
  12. Future bias in action: does the past matter more when you can affect it?Andrew J. Latham, Kristie Miller, James Norton & Christian Tarsney - 2020 - Synthese 198 (12):11327-11349.
    Philosophers have long noted, and empirical psychology has lately confirmed, that most people are “biased toward the future”: we prefer to have positive experiences in the future, and negative experiences in the past. At least two explanations have been offered for this bias: belief in temporal passage and the practical irrelevance of the past resulting from our inability to influence past events. We set out to test the latter explanation. In a large survey, we find that participants exhibit significantly less (...)
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  13.  1
    The Parameters of Military Ethics.Lloyd J. Matthews & Dale E. Brown (eds.) - 1989 - Pergamon-Brassey's International Defense Publishers.
    Essays omhandlende den etiske dimension i det militære liv.
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  14.  14
    J. Carlsen, P. Ørsted, J. E. Skydsgaard : Land Use in the Roman Empire. Pp. 190, Ills. Rome: ‘Ľ Erma’ di Bretschneider, 1994. Paper. [REVIEW]J. A. Lloyd - 1997 - The Classical Review 47 (2):436-436.
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  15.  38
    J. Carlsen, P. Ørsted, J. E. Skydsgaard (Edd.): Land Use in the Roman Empire. (Analecta Romana Instituti Danici, Supplement 22.) Pp. 190, Ills. Rome: 'L' Erma' di Bretschneider, 1994. Paper. [REVIEW]J. A. Lloyd - 1997 - The Classical Review 47 (02):436-.
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  16.  10
    Lloyd J. W.. Foundations of Logic Programming. Symbolic Computation. Artifical Intelligence. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, and Tokyo, 1984, X + 124 Pp. [REVIEW]John C. Shepherdson - 1987 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 52 (1):288-289.
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  17. Quantum Gravity, Timelessness, and the Folk Concept of Time.Andrew J. Latham & Kristie Miller - 2020 - Synthese 198 (10):9453-9478.
    What it would take to vindicate folk temporal error theory? This question is significant against a backdrop of new views in quantum gravity—so-called timeless physical theories—that claim to eliminate time by eliminating a one-dimensional substructure of ordered temporal instants. Ought we to conclude that if these views are correct, nothing satisfies the folk concept of time and hence that folk temporal error theory is true? In light of evidence we gathered, we argue that physical theories that entirely eliminate an ordered (...)
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  18. Time in a One‐Instant World.Andrew J. Latham & Kristie Miller - 2020 - Ratio 33 (3):145-154.
    Many philosophers hold that ‘one-instant worlds’—worlds that contain a single instant—fail to contain time. We experimentally investigate whether these worlds satisfy the folk concept of time. We found that ~50% of participants hold that there is time in such worlds. We argue that this suggests one of two possibilities. First, the population disagree about whether at least one of the A-, B-, or C-series is necessary for time, with there being a substantial sub-population for whom the presence of neither an (...)
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  19.  37
    Tripolitania D. J. Mattingly: Tripolitania. Pp. Xix + 265, 89 Figs, 39 Plates. London: Batsford, 1995. Cased, £55. ISBN: 0-7134-5743-2. [REVIEW]J. A. Lloyd - 1997 - The Classical Review 47 (02):362-364.
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  20.  19
    Moral Intensity Revisited: Measuring the Benefit of Accounting Ethics Interventions.Tara J. Shawver & William F. Miller - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 141 (3):587-603.
    The purpose of this study was to determine whether accounting students’ perception of moral intensity could be enhanced through a limited ethics intervention in an Advanced Accounting course. Ethical decisions are heavily influenced by the intensity of the moral problem: the more egregious the act, the more the people view it as unethical. This controlled experiment measures the change in perceptions of moral intensity with the pre- and post-test instruments using five accounting specific vignettes containing moral dilemmas which are progressively (...)
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  21.  16
    Why We Should Have Seen That Coming.M. J. Wolf, K. Miller & F. S. Grodzinsky - 2017 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 47 (3):54-64.
    In this paper we examine the case of Tay, the Microsoft AI chatbot that was launched in March, 2016. After less than 24 hours, Microsoft shut down the experiment because the chatbot was generating tweets that were judged to be inappropriate since they included racist, sexist, and anti-Semitic language. We contend that the case of Tay illustrates a problem with the very nature of learning software that interacts directly with the public, and the developer's role and responsibility associated with it. (...)
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  22.  80
    Belief in Robust Temporal Passage (Probably) Does Not Explain Future-Bias.Andrew J. Latham, Kristie Miller, Christian Tarsney & Hannah Tierney - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-23.
    Empirical work has lately confirmed what many philosophers have taken to be true: people are ‘biased toward the future’. All else being equal, we usually prefer to have positive experiences in the future, and negative experiences in the past. According to one hypothesis, the temporal metaphysics hypothesis, future-bias is explained either by our (tacit) beliefs about temporal metaphysics—the temporal belief hypothesis—or alternatively by our temporal phenomenology—the temporal phenomenology hypothesis. We empirically investigate a particular version of the temporal belief hypothesis according (...)
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  23. Colleges and Commitments.Lloyd J. Averill - 1971 - Philadelphia: Westminster Press.
    The nature and legitimacy of commitments. Objectivity vs. commitment, by H. Smith. Institutional commitment: a social scientist's view, by H. R. Davis. The sectarian nature of liberal education, by L. J. Averill. The identity of the Christian college, by W. W. Jellema.--Commitments and the dimensions of learning. Discursive truth and evangelical truth, by A. C. Outler. Natural order and transcendent order, by W. G. Pollard. Limited cognition and ultimate cognition, by R. W. Friedrichs. Academic teaching and human experience, by M. (...)
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  24.  16
    Laura J. Miller, Building Nature's Market: The Business and Politics of Natural Food. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2017. Pp. 288. ISBN 978-0-22650-123-9. $105.00. [REVIEW]Thomas P. Weber - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Science 51 (4):714-716.
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  25.  28
    Money and Distorted Ethical Judgments About Research: Ethical Assessment of the TeGenero TGN1412 Trial. [REVIEW]Ezekiel J. Emanuel & Franklin G. Miller - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (2):76-81.
    The recent TeGenero phase I trial of a novel monoclonal antibody in healthy volunteers produced a drastic inflammatory reaction in participants receiving the experimental agent. Commentators on the ethics of the research have focused considerable attention on the role of financial considerations: the for-profit status of the biotechnology company and Contract Research Organization responsible respectively for sponsoring and conducting the trial and the amount of monetary compensation to participants. We argue that these financial considerations are largely irrelevant and distort ethical (...)
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  26. The Community of Self.J. Miller M. Mair - 1977 - In D. Bannister (ed.), New Perspectives in Personal Construct Theory. Academic Press. pp. 125--149.
     
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  27.  36
    Robust Passage Phenomenology Probably Does Not Explain Future-Bias.Andrew J. Latham, Kristie Miller, Christian Tarsney & Hannah Tierney - forthcoming - Synthese.
    People are ‘biased toward the future’: all else being equal, we typically prefer to have positive experiences in the future, and negative experiences in the past. Several explanations have been suggested for this pattern of preferences. Adjudicating among these explanations can, among other things, shed light on the rationality of future-bias: For instance, if our preferences are explained by unjustified beliefs or an illusory phenomenology, we might conclude that they are irrational. This paper investigates one hypothesis, according to which future-bias (...)
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  28. The Problem of Being Human.Lloyd J. Averill - 1974 - Valley Forge [Pa.]Judson Press.
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  29. On Preferring That Overall, Things Are Worse: Future‐Bias and Unequal Payoffs.Preston Greene, Andrew J. Latham, Kristie Miller & James Norton - 2021 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    Philosophers working on time-biases assume that people are hedonically biased toward the future. A hedonically future-biased agent prefers pleasurable experiences to be future instead of past, and painful experiences to be past instead of future. Philosophers further predict that this bias is strong enough to apply to unequal payoffs: people often prefer less pleasurable future experiences to more pleasurable past ones, and more painful past experiences to less painful future ones. In addition, philosophers have predicted that future-bias is restricted to (...)
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  30.  68
    Capacity for Simulation and Mitigation Drives Hedonic and Non-Hedonic Time Biases.Preston Greene, Andrew J. Latham, Kristie Miller & James Norton - forthcoming - Philosophical Psychology.
    Until recently, philosophers debating the rationality of time-biases have supposed that people exhibit a first-person hedonic bias toward the future, but that their non-hedonic and third-person preferences are time-neutral. Recent empirical work, however, suggests that our preferences are more nuanced. First, there is evidence that our third-person preferences exhibit time-neutrality only when the individual with respect to whom we have preferences—the preference target—is a random stranger about whom we know nothing; given access to some information about the preference target, third-person (...)
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  31.  84
    Lexicalisation and the Origin of the Human Mind.Thomas J. Hughes & J. T. M. Miller - 2014 - Biosemiotics 7 (1):11-27.
    This paper will discuss the origin of the human mind, and the qualitative discontinuity between human and animal cognition. We locate the source of this discontinuity within the language faculty, and thus take the origin of the mind to depend on the origin of the language faculty. We will look at one such proposal put forward by Hauser et al. (Science 298:1569-1579, 2002), which takes the evolution of a Merge trait (recursion) to solely explain the differences between human and animal (...)
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  32. Miller contro Miller: una polemica.J. Miller & D. Miller - 1996 - Studi di Estetica 13:191-236.
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  33.  20
    Clinical Pragmatism: Bridging Theory and Practice.Joseph J. Fins, Franklin G. Miller & Matthew D. Bacchetta - 1998 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 8 (1):37-42.
    : This response to Lynn Jansen's critique of clinical pragmatism concentrates on two themes: (1) contrasting approaches to moral epistemology and (2) the connection between theory and practice in clinical ethics. Particular attention is paid to the status of principles and the role of consensus, with some closing speculations on how Dewey might view the current state of bioethics.
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  34.  7
    General Philosophy.J. Tartaglia J. Miller - 2005 - Philosophical Books 46 (1):77-83.
    Dancy, J., Reading ParfitMillgram, E., Practical Induction.
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  35.  69
    How Much Do We Discount Past Pleasures?Preston Greene, Andrew J. Latham, Kristie Miller & James Norton - forthcoming - American Philosophical Quarterly.
    Future-biased individuals systematically prefer pleasures to be in the future (positive future-bias) and pains to be in the past (negative future-bias). Recent empirical research shows that negative future-bias exists and that it is strong: people prefer more past pain to less future pain. In fact, people prefer ten units of past pain to one unit of future pain. By contrast, this research shows that people do not prefer ten units of past pleasure to one unit of future pleasure. Thus the (...)
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  36. Are the Folk Functionalists About Time?Andrew J. Latham & Kristie Miller - forthcoming - Southern Journal of Philosophy.
    This paper empirically investigates the contention that the folk concept of time is a functional concept: a concept according to which time is whatever plays a certain functional role or roles. This hypothesis could explain why, in previous research, surprisingly large percentages of participants judge that there is time at worlds that contain no one-dimensional substructure of ordered instants. If it seems to participants that even in those worlds the relevant functional role is played, then this could explain why they (...)
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  37.  57
    On the Meaning of Free Software.M. J. Wolf, K. W. Miller & F. S. Grodzinsky - 2009 - Ethics and Information Technology 11 (4):279-286.
    To many who develop and use free software, the GNU General Public License represents an embodiment of the meaning of free software. In this paper we examine the definition and meaning of free software in the context of three events surrounding the GNU General Public License. We use a case involving the GPU software project to establish the importance of Freedom 0 in the meaning of free software. We analyze version 3 of the GNU General Public License and conclude that (...)
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  38.  3
    The Effect of Ordering on the Strength and Dislocation Arrangements in the Ni3Mn Superlattice.M. J. Marcinkowski & D. S. Miller - 1961 - Philosophical Magazine 6 (67):871-893.
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  39.  6
    Probabilistic Reasoning in a Classical Logic.K. S. Ng & J. W. Lloyd - 2009 - Journal of Applied Logic 7 (2):218-238.
  40. From Proto-Forgiveness to Minimal Forgiveness.Andrew J. Latham & Kristie Miller - forthcoming - Australasian Philosophical Review 3 (3):330-335.
    In ‘Forgiveness, an Ordered Pluralism’, Fricker distinguishes two concepts of forgiveness, both of which are deployed in our forgiveness practices: moral justice forgiveness and gifted forgiveness. She then argues that the former is more explanatorily basic than the latter. We think Fricker is right about this. We will argue, however, that contra Fricker, it is a third more minimal concept that is most basic. Like Fricker, we will focus on the function of our practices, but in a way that is (...)
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  41.  62
    Stationary Electromagnetic Fields of a Slowly Rotating Magnetized Neutron Star in General Relativity.L. Rezzolla, B. J. Ahmedov & J. C. Miller - 2001 - Foundations of Physics 31 (7):1051-1065.
    Following the general formalism presented by Rezzolla, Ahmedov and Miller, (1) we here derive analytic solutions of the electromagnetic fields equations in the internal and external background spacetime of a slowly rotating highly conducting magnetized neutron star. The star is assumed to be isolated and in vacuum, with a dipolar magnetic field not aligned with the axis of rotation. Our results indicate that the electromagnetic fields of a slowly rotating neutron star are modified by general relativistic effects arising from (...)
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  42. Is It Identity All the Way Down? From Supersubstantivalism to Composition as Identity and Back Again.Michael J. Duncan & Kristie Miller - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    We argue that, insofar as one accepts either supersubstantivalism or strong composition as identity for the usual reasons, one has (defeasible) reasons to accept the other as well. Thus, all else being equal, one ought to find the package that combines both views—the Identity Package—more attractive than any rival package that includes one, but not the other, of either supersubstantivalism or composition as identity.
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  43. Geoffrey Hill and British Poetry, 1956-1986 an Analysis of Poetic Language and Poetic Voice.J. F. Lloyd - 1993
     
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  44. Julia Annas, on Papers in Hellenistic Philosophy by Jacques Brunschwig.J. Lloyd - 1996 - European Journal of Philosophy 4:369-372.
     
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  45. Translations and Notes by John Stuart Mill. Edited with an Introductory Essay by Ruth Barchardt, Four Dialogues of Plato. [REVIEW]J. M. Lloyd - 1946 - Hibbert Journal 45:186.
     
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  46. Creature Motion.J. J. Freyd & G. F. Miller - 1992 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (6):470-470.
     
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  47.  22
    Land Use in the Roman Empire. [REVIEW]J. A. Lloyd - 1997 - The Classical Review 47 (2):435-436.
  48.  10
    Technology and Two Cultures: One Hundred Years of Engineering Education in Montreal. [REVIEW]Yakov M. Rabkin & J. Ann Lévi-Lloyd - 1984 - Minerva 22 (1):67-95.
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  49.  44
    Book Notes. [REVIEW]Margaret J. Osler, Paul J. W. Miller, Craig Walton & Herbert Wallace Schneider - 1976 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 14 (4):498-499.
  50.  11
    Free, Source-Code-Available, or Proprietary: An Ethically Charged, Context-Sensitive Choice.Marty J. Wolf, Keith W. Miller & Frances S. Grodzinsky - 2009 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 39 (1):15-26.
    We demonstrate that different categories of software raise different ethical concerns with respect to whether software ought to be Free Software or Proprietary Software. We outline the ethical tension between Free Software and Proprietary Software that stems from the two kinds of licenses. For some categories of software we develop support for normative statements regarding the software development landscape. We claim that as society's use of software changes, the ethical analysis for that category of software must necessarily be repeated. Finally, (...)
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