Results for 'Long Joseph'

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  1. Right-Making and Reference.Joseph Long - 2012 - American Philosophical Quarterly 49 (3):277-80.
    The following is a prominent version of the causal theory of reference, held by certain moral philosophers and philosophers of science: (CTR) A general term 'T' rigidly designates a property F iff the use of 'T' by competent users of the term is causally regulated by F. In a series of papers, Terence Horgan and Mark Timmons present a thought experiment our intuitive responses to which provide evidence against (CTR). The present essay goes beyond Horgan and Timmons by offering a (...)
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  2.  75
    One’s an Illusion: Organisms, Reference, and Non-Eliminative Nihilism.Joseph Long - 2019 - Philosophia 47 (2):459-475.
    Gabriele Contessa has recently introduced and defended a view he calls ‘non-eliminative nihilism’. Non-eliminative nihilism is the conjunction of mereological nihilism and non-eliminativism about ordinary objects. Mereological nihilism is the thesis that composite objects do not exist, where something is a composite object just in case it has proper parts. Eliminativism about ordinary objects denies that ordinary objects exist. Eliminativism thus implies, for example, that there are no galaxies, planets, stars, ships, tables, books, organisms, cells, molecules, or atoms. Non-eliminativism is (...)
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  3.  28
    Mystery of the Trinity: A Reply to Einar Bøhn.Joseph Long - 2019 - Sophia 58 (2):301-307.
    In this journal, Einar Bøhn has proposed a solution to the so-called Trinitarian Paradox. After summarizing the Paradox and Bøhn’s proposed solution, I argue that those committed to Christian orthodoxy cannot accept the solution, for three reasons: First, it requires positing more kinds of divine entity than God and the Persons of the Trinity; second, it is based upon a false assumption; and, finally, the proposed solution amounts at best to a form of obscurantism.
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  4. In Defence of Cornell Realism: A Reply to Elizabeth Tropman.Joseph Long - 2014 - Theoria 80 (2):174-183.
    Cornell realists claim, among other things, that moral knowledge can be acquired in the same basic way that scientific knowledge is acquired. Recently in this journal Elizabeth Tropman has presented two arguments against this claim. In the present article, I attempt to show that the first argument attacks a straw man and the second mischaracterizes the Cornell realists' epistemology and ends up begging the question. I close by suggesting that, given Tropman's own apparent views, her objections are also probably misplaced.
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  5. Who's a Pragmatist: Distinguishing Epistemic Pragmatism and Contextualism.Joseph W. Long - 2002 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 16 (1):39-49.
    There is a tendency among contemporary epistemologists to call every social or existential theory of knowledge pragmatism or neopragmatism. In this paper, I hope to show that this tendency is an error. In the first section, I will explore and attempt to define epistemic pragmatism. In the second section, I will explicate an existential alternative to pragmatism, epistemic contextualism, and differentiate it from pragmatism. In conclusion, I will apply my definition of pragmatism and the pragmatism-contextualism distinction in an attempt to (...)
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  6. Non-Cognitivism and the Problem of Moral-Based Epistemic Reasons: A Sympathetic Reply to Cian Dorr.Joseph Long - 2016 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy (3):1-7.
    According to Cian Dorr, non-cognitivism has the implausible implication that arguments like the following are cases of wishful thinking: If lying is wrong, then the souls of liars will be punished in the afterlife; lying is wrong; therefore, the souls of liars will be punished in the afterlife. Dorr further claims that if non-cognitivism implies that the above argument and similar arguments are cases of wishful thinking, then non-cognitivism remains implausible even if one solves the so-called Frege-Geach problem. Dorr’s claims (...)
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  7. Kinds and Their Terms: On the Language and Ontology of the Normative and the Empirical.Joseph C. Long - 2009 - Dissertation,
    At the intersection of meta-ethics and philosophy of science, Nicholas Sturgeon’s “Moral Explanation” ([1985] 1988), Richard Boyd’s “How to be a Moral Realist” (1988), and David Brink’s Moral Realism and the Foundations of Ethics (1989) inaugurated a sustained argument for the claim that moral kinds like right action and virtuous agent are scientifically investigable natural kinds. The corresponding position is called “non-reductive ethical naturalism,” or “NEN.” Ethical nonnaturalists, by contrast, argue that moral kinds are genuine and objective, but not natural. (...)
     
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  8. The Logical Mistake of Racism.Joseph W. Long - 2001 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 8 (1):47-51.
    In this paper, I will explore and attempt to define one very important type of egregious discrimination of persons, racism. I will argue that racism involves a kind of logical mistake; specifically. I hope to show that racists commit the naturalistic fallacy. Finally, I will defend my account of racism against two challenges, the most important of which argues that if racism is merely a logical error then racists are not morally culpable.
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  9.  11
    When to Believe Upon Insufficient Evidence: Three Criteria.Joseph W. Long - 2017 - Contemporary Pragmatism 14 (2):176-184.
    It seems to me that many of our deepest, most cherished, and most stalwart beliefs lack epistemic justification and yet I think we have the right to hold many of these beliefs. In this paper, I will discuss what I will call salutary beliefs and distinguish them from epistemically justified beliefs. Next, I will discuss under what conditions it is proper for us to hold salutary beliefs, and finally, I will argue, that despite the fact that they lack epistemic justification, (...)
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  10.  10
    La spiritualité de l''me humaine.Joseph Pham-van-Long - 1956 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 12 (2):152.
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  11. A Little History Goes a Long Way Toward Understanding Why We Study Consciousness the Way We Do Today.Joseph LeDoux, Matthias Michel & Hakwan Lau - 2020 - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 1.
    Consciousness is currently a thriving area of research in psychology and neuroscience. While this is often attributed to events that took place in the early 1990s, consciousness studies today are a continuation of research that started in the late 19th century and that continued throughout the 20th century. From the beginning, the effort built on studies of animals to reveal basic principles of brain organization and function, and of human patients to gain clues about consciousness itself. Particularly important and our (...)
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  12.  5
    Expanding the Foundation: Climate Change and Opportunities for Educational Research.Joseph Henderson, David Long, Paul Berger, Constance Russell & Andrea Drewes - 2017 - Educational Studies 53 (4):412-425.
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  13.  19
    Neural Correlates of Longitudinal Recovery of Naming in Stroke.Sebastian Rajani, Long Charltien, Purcell Jeremy, Race David, Davis Cameron, Posner Joseph & Hillis Argye - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  14. Rightness = Right-Maker.Long Joseph - 2015 - Disputatio 7 (41):193-206.
    I have recently argued that if the causal theory of reference is true, then, on pain of absurdity, no normative ethical theory is true. In this journal, Michael Byron has objected to my reductio by appealing to Frank Jackson’s moral reductionism. The present essay defends reductio while also casting doubt upon Jackson’s moral reductionism.
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  15.  11
    Foundations of Human Sociality - Economic Experiments and Ethnographic: Evidence From Fifteen Small-Scale Societies.Joseph Henrich, Robert Boyd, Samuel Bowles, Colin Camerer, Ernst Fehr & Herbert Gintis (eds.) - 2004 - Oxford University Press UK.
    What motives underlie the ways humans interact socially? Are these the same for all societies? Are these part of our nature, or influenced by our environments?Over the last decade, research in experimental economics has emphatically falsified the textbook representation of Homo economicus. Literally hundreds of experiments suggest that people care not only about their own material payoffs, but also about such things as fairness, equity and reciprocity. However, this research left fundamental questions unanswered: Are such social preferences stable components of (...)
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  16.  31
    Long Live Proust: The Odour-Cued Autobiographical Memory Bump.Simon Chu & John Joseph Downes - 2000 - Cognition 75 (2):B41-B50.
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  17.  14
    Joseph M. Kitagawa with the Collaboration of Mircea Eliade and Charles H. Long. The History of Religions. Pp. Xii + 264. $6.95 Net. [REVIEW]R. C. Zaehner - 1969 - Religious Studies 4 (2):306.
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  18.  25
    Long-Term Prognostic Validity of Talent Selections: Comparing National and Regional Coaches, Laypersons and Novices.Jörg Schorer, Rebecca Rienhoff, Lennart Fischer & Joseph Baker - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  19. The History of Religions.Joseph M. Kitagawa, Mircea Eliade & Charles H. Long - 1969 - Religious Studies 4 (2):306-308.
  20.  12
    Stimulus Compounding in Pigeons.Carolyn K. Long & Joseph D. Allen - 1974 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 4 (2):95-97.
  21.  8
    Human Longing and Fulfillment: And Adivasi Perspective.Joseph Marianus Kujur - 2001 - Disputatio Philosophica 3 (1):13-29.
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  22.  4
    The History of Religions . Vol. I.Joseph M. Kitagawa, Mircea Eliade & Charles H. Long - 1968 - Philosophy East and West 18 (3):216-217.
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  23. The Quest: History and Meaning in Religion.Mircea Eliade, Joseph Kitagawa, Charles H. Long, Jerald C. Brauer & Marshall G. S. Hodson - 1969 - Religious Studies 7 (1):77-79.
     
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  24.  50
    The Bioethics Committee in Long-Term Care Institutions for the Developmentally Disabled.Joseph E. Beltran & D. Min - 1992 - HEC Forum 4 (3):163-173.
  25.  14
    The Political Economy of Progress: John Stuart Mill and Modern Radicalism.Joseph Persky - 2016 - Oxford University Press USA.
    While there had been much radical thought before John Stuart Mill, Joseph Persky argues it was Mill, as he moved to the left, who provided the radical wing of liberalism with its first serious analytical foundation, a political economy of progress that still echoes today. A rereading of Mill's mature work suggests his theoretical understanding of accumulation led him to see laissez-faire capitalism as a transitional system. Deeply committed to the egalitarian precepts of the Enlightenment, Mill advocated gradualism and (...)
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  26.  30
    Long, Steve A. Analogia Entis: On the Analogy of Being, Metaphysics and the Act of Faith.Thomas Joseph White - 2012 - Review of Metaphysics 66 (1):156-158.
  27.  29
    Sing-a-Long-a-Syllogism.Joseph Chandler - 2003 - The Philosophers' Magazine 24:15-16.
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  28.  9
    The Long Decay Model of One-Dimensional Projectile Motion.Mark Joseph Lattery - 2008 - Science & Education 17 (7):779-798.
  29. What Am I?: Descartes and the Mind-Body Problem.Joseph Almog - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    In his Meditations, Rene Descartes asks, "what am I?" His initial answer is "a man." But he soon discards it: "But what is a man? Shall I say 'a rational animal'? No: for then I should inquire what an animal is, what rationality is, and in this way one question would lead down the slope to harder ones." Instead of understanding what a man is, Descartes shifts to two new questions: "What is Mind?" and "What is Body?" These questions develop (...)
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  30.  9
    How Long Do Relational Representations in the Hippocampus Last During Classical Eyelid Conditioning?Donald B. Katz & Joseph E. Steinmetz - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (3):484-485.
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  31.  56
    Null.Doohwan Ahn, Sanda Badescu, Giorgio Baruchello, Raj Nath Bhat, Laura Boileau, Rosalind Carey, Camelia-Mihaela Cmeciu, Alan Goldstone, James Grieve, John Grumley, Grant Havers, Stefan Höjelid, Peter Isackson, Marguerite Johnson, Adrienne Kertzer, J.-Guy Lalande, Clinton R. Long, Joseph Mali, Ben Marsden, Peter Monteath, Michael Edward Moore, Jeff Noonan, Lynda Payne, Joyce Senders Pedersen, Brayton Polka, Lily Polliack, John Preston, Anthony Pym, Marina Ritzarev, Joseph Rouse, Peter N. Saeta, Arthur B. Shostak, Stanley Shostak, Marcia Landy, Kenneth R. Stunkel, I. I. I. Wheeler & Phillip H. Wiebe - 2009 - The European Legacy 14 (6):731-771.
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  32.  8
    Solid State Insurrection: How the Science of Substance Made American Physics Matter.Joseph D. Martin - 2018 - Pittsburgh, PA, USA: University of Pittsburgh Press.
    Solid state physics, the study of the physical properties of solid matter, was the most populous subfield of Cold War American physics. Despite prolific contributions to consumer and medical technology, such as the transistor and magnetic resonance imaging, it garnered less professional prestige and public attention than nuclear and particle physics. Solid State Insurrection argues that solid state physics was essential to securing the vast social, political, and financial capital Cold War physics enjoyed in the twentieth century. Solid state’s technological (...)
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  33.  7
    Tactile Acuity, Aging, and Braille Reading in Long-Term Blindness.Joseph C. Stevens, Emerson Foulke & Matthew Q. Patterson - 1996 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 2 (2):91.
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  34.  35
    Analogia Entis: On the Analogy of Being, Metaphysics, and the Act of Faith. By Steven A. Long[REVIEW]Joseph W. Koterski - 2012 - International Philosophical Quarterly 52 (2):254-257.
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  35.  89
    The Propensity Interpretation of Probability: A Re-Evaluation.Joseph Berkovitz - 2015 - Erkenntnis 80 (S3):629-711.
    Single-case and long-run propensity theories are among the main objective interpretations of probability. There have been various objections to these theories, e.g. that it is difficult to explain why propensities should satisfy the probability axioms and, worse, that propensities are at odds with these axioms, that the explication of propensities is circular and accordingly not informative, and that single-case propensities are metaphysical and accordingly non-scientific. We consider various propensity theories of probability and their prospects in light of these objections. (...)
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  36.  21
    The Manhattan Project and Its Long Shadow.Joseph Agassi - 2011 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 41 (4):574-595.
    A sequel to Shapin’s earlier work, The Scientific Life: A Moral History of a Late Modern Vocation again solves the problem of induction by observing that researchers are decent. Shapin dismisses most of the literature on both the philosophy of science and (more so) on the sociology of science as ideologically biased and as irrelevant. Approaches to the book as light reading and as serious scholarly reading are considered before a critical summary is offered as a conclusion.
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  37.  8
    The Manhattan Project and Its Long ShadowShapinStevenThe Scientific Life: A Moral History of a Late Modern VocationChicago and London: Chicago University Press, 2008. 439 Pp. $29.00. [REVIEW]Joseph Agassi - 2011 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 41 (4):574-595.
    A sequel to Shapin’s earlier work, The Scientific Life: A Moral History of a Late Modern Vocation again solves the problem of induction by observing that researchers are decent. Shapin dismisses most of the literature on both the philosophy of science and on the sociology of science as ideologically biased and as irrelevant. Approaches to the book as light reading and as serious scholarly reading are considered before a critical summary is offered as a conclusion.
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  38.  9
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]William Ayers, Gail P. Kelly, Joseph S. Malikail, David S. Webster, Edward L. Edmonds, Nina Dorset Jemmott, Marsha V. Krotseng, Delbert H. Long & Christine C. Pappas - 1990 - Educational Studies 21 (4):403-443.
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  39.  12
    Quodlibeta Septem. William of Ockham, Joseph C. Wey.R. James Long - 1982 - Speculum 57 (1):181-182.
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  40. Gramsci's Political Thought: Hegemony, Consciousness, and the Revolutionary Process.Joseph V. Femia - 1987 - Clarendon Press.
    The unifying idea of Gramsci's famous Prison Notebooks is the concept of hegemony. In his study of these fragmentary writings, now published in paperback for the first time, Dr Femia elucidates the precise character of this concept, explores its basic philosophical assumptions, and sets out its implications for Gramsci's explanation of social stability and his vision of the revolutionary process. A number of prevalent and often contradictory myths are demolished, and, moreover, certain neglected aspects of his thought are stressed, including (...)
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  41.  12
    Consciousness as Sensory Quality and as Implicit Self-Awareness/Uriah Kriegel The Swaying Form: Imagination, Metaphor, Embodiment/Joseph U. Neisser How Long is “Now”? Phenomenology and the Specious Present.Susan Pockett - 2003 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 2 (1):401-403.
    The duration of “now” is shown to be important not only for an understanding of how conscious beings sense duration, but also for the validity of the phenomenological enterprise as Husserl conceived it. If “now” is too short, experiences can not be described before they become memories, which can be considered to be transcendent rather than immanent phenomena and therefore inadmissible as phenomenological data. Evidence concerning the objective duration of sensations in various sensory modalities, the time necessary for sensations to (...)
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  42.  8
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Richard Olmsted, Paula A. Cordeiro, Robert W. Johns, C. David Lisman, Bettye Macphail-Wilcox, Margaret Gillett, Ruth Hayhoe, Delbert H. Long, Joseph S. Malikail & Geoffrey E. Mills - 1991 - Educational Studies 22 (1):65-109.
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  43.  6
    The Permanence of the Political: A Democratic Critique of the Radical Impulse to Transcend Politics.Joseph M. Schwartz - 1995 - Princeton University Press.
    Why have radical political theorists, whose thinking inspired mass movements for democracy, been so suspicious of political plurality? According to Joseph Schwartz, their doubts were involved with an effort to transcend politics. Mistakenly equating all social difference with the harmful way in which particular interests dominated marketplace societies, radical thinkers sought a comprehensive set of "true human interests" that would completely abolish political strife. In extensive analyses of Rousseau, Hegel, Marx, Lenin, and Arendt, Schwartz seeks to mediate the radical (...)
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  44.  2
    Postmodern Existential Sociology.Joseph A. Kotarba & John M. Johnson - 2002 - Altamira Press.
    Third version of a long-standing textbook that examines the self in everyday life. Visit our website for sample chapters!
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  45. Ideas of Power in the Late Middle Ages, 1296–1417.Joseph Canning - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    Through a focused and systematic examination of late medieval scholastic writers - theologians, philosophers and jurists - Joseph Canning explores how ideas about power and legitimate authority were developed over the 'long fourteenth century'. The author provides a new model for understanding late medieval political thought, taking full account of the intensive engagement with political reality characteristic of writers in this period. He argues that they used Aristotelian and Augustinian ideas to develop radically new approaches to power and (...)
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  46. The Mission: Journalism, Ethics and the World.Joseph B. Atkins (ed.) - 2002 - Iowa State University Press.
    Machine generated contents note: Contributors ix -- Foreword by Douglas A. Boyd andJoseph D. Straubhaar xiii -- Preface byMariaHenson xv -- Acknowledgments xvii -- Part I. Introduction 1 -- Chapter 1. Journalism as a Mission: Ethics and Purpose -- from an International Perspective -- by Joseph B. Atkins 3 -- Chapter 2. Chaos and Order: Sacrificing the Individual for the -- Sake of Social Harmony -- by John C. Merrill 17 -- Part II. In the United States and Latin (...)
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  47.  13
    Debilitated Shock Escape is Produced by Both Short- and Long-Duration Inescapable Shock: Learned Helplessness Vs. Learned Inactivity.Aidan Altenor, Joseph R. Volpicelli & Martin E. P. Seligman - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 14 (5):337-339.
  48. Concept Mapping Brings Long‐Term Movement Toward Meaningful Learning.Jane A. Heinze‐Fry & Joseph D. Novak - 1990 - Science Education 74 (4):461-472.
     
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  49.  3
    Surprised by God: Praise Responses in the Narrative of Luke-Acts.Kindalee Pfremmer De Long - 2009 - Walter de Gruyter.
    Readers of the New Testament have long observed that Luke and Acts contain numerous scenes in which characters praise God. This study offers the first comprehensive analysis of this important narrative motif. Featuring a close reading of Luke-Acts, it draws insights from ancient Jewish and Greco-Roman views about praise of deity, and it compares praise in Luke with praise in two other ancient narratives: Tobit and Joseph and Aseneth. Attention to praise of God sheds light on Luke as (...)
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    Jacques Ranciere: An Introduction.Joseph J. Tanke - 2011 - Bloomsbury Academic.
    Jacques Rancière: An Introduction offers the first comprehensive introduction to the thought of one of today's most important and influential theorists. Joseph Tanke situates Rancière's distinctive approach against the backdrop of Continental philosophy and extends his insights into current discussions of art and politics. Tanke explains how Rancière's ideas allow us to understand art as having a deeper social role than is customarily assigned to it, as well as how political opposition can be revitalized. The book presents Rancière's body (...)
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