Results for 'Lorian E. Hardcastle'

998 found
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  1.  61
    Improving the Population's Health: The Affordable Care Act and the Importance of Integration.Lorian E. Hardcastle, Katherine L. Record, Peter D. Jacobson & Lawrence O. Gostin - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (3):317-327.
    Despite evidence indicating that public health services are the most effective means of improving the population's health status, health care services receive the bulk of funding and political support. The recent passage of the Affordable Care Act, which focused on improving access to health care services through insurance reform, reflects the primacy of health care over public health. Although policymakers typically conceptualize health care and public health as two distinct systems, gains in health status are most effectively and cost-efficiently achieved (...)
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  2.  15
    Improving the Population's Health: The Affordable Care Act and the Importance of Integration.Lorian E. Hardcastle, Katherine L. Record, Peter D. Jacobson & Lawrence O. Gostin - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (3):317-327.
    Heath care and public health are typically conceptualized as separate, albeit overlapping, systems. Health care’s goal is the improvement of individual patient outcomes through the provision of medical services. In contrast, public health is devoted to improving health outcomes in the population as a whole through health promotion and disease prevention. Health care services receive the bulk of funding and political support, while public health is chronically starved of resources. In order to reduce morbidity and mortality, policymakers must shift their (...)
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  3.  28
    Bioethics and practical justice in the post‐COVID‐19 era.Ubaka Ogbogu & Lorian Hardcastle - 2020 - Developing World Bioethics 21 (1):31-35.
    The ethical concept of justice, as it relates to the development and deployment of innovative health technologies, commands the fair and equitable distribution of burdens and benefits. In bioethics, specific guidance on practical strategies for achieving what this concept of justice demands are somewhat elusive. Drawing on issues of justice arising or likely to arise in the context of the search for a vaccine or cure for COVID‐19, this paper argues for a focus on the concept of “practical justice” in (...)
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  4. Kim Sterleny and Paul E. Griffiths, Sex and Death: An Introduction to Philosophy of Biology Reviewed by.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 2000 - Philosophy in Review 20 (3):227-228.
     
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  5.  10
    Population Density and Moment-based Approaches to Modeling Domain Calcium-mediated Inactivation of L-type Calcium Channels.Xiao Wang, Kiah Hardcastle, Seth H. Weinberg & Gregory D. Smith - 2015 - Acta Biotheoretica 64 (1):11-32.
    We present a population density and moment-based description of the stochastic dynamics of domain $${\text{Ca}}^{2+}$$ -mediated inactivation of L-type $${\text{Ca}}^{2+}$$ channels. Our approach accounts for the effect of heterogeneity of local $${\text{Ca}}^{2+}$$ signals on whole cell $${\text{Ca}}^{2+}$$ currents; however, in contrast with prior work, e.g., Sherman et al. :985–995, 1990), we do not assume that $${\text{Ca}}^{2+}$$ domain formation and collapse are fast compared to channel gating. We demonstrate the population density and moment-based modeling approaches using a 12-state Markov chain model (...)
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  6.  78
    Malfunction and Mental Illness.Brendan A. Maher, A. W. Young, Philip Gerrans, John Campbell, Kai Vogeley, Valerie Gray Hardcastle, Owen Flanagan, Robert L. Woolfolk, Barry Smith & Joëlle Proust - 1999 - The Monist 82 (4):658-670.
    For years a debate has raged within the various literatures of philosophy, psychiatry, and psychology over whether, and to what degree, the concepts that characterize psychopathology are social constructions that reflect cultural values. While the majority position among philosophers has been normativist, i.e., that the conception of a mental disorder is value-laden, a vocal and cogent minority have argued that psychopathology results from malfunctions that can be described by terminology that is objective and scientific. Scientists and clinicians have tended to (...)
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  7. Christina E. Erneling & David Martel Johnson (eds), The Mind as a Scientific Object. [REVIEW]V. G. Hardcastle - 2005 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (11):75.
  8.  30
    Thomas E. Uebel, "Overcoming Logical Positivism from Within: The Emergence of Neurath's Naturalism in the Vienna Circle's Protocol Sentence Debate". [REVIEW]Gary L. Hardcastle - 1994 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 32 (4):685.
  9.  18
    Adicción, enfermedad crónica y responsabilidad.Valerie Gray Hardcastle & Cheshire Hardcastle - 2017 - Ideas Y Valores 66 (S3):97-118.
    En este artículo se plantea una discusión con el enfoque doxástico de los delirios. A pesar de que esta línea de análisis ha hecho importantes aportes en cuanto a la comprensión del fenómeno, tiene dificultades importantes a la hora de aportar un marco explicativo completo de los delirios porque deja por fuera el aspecto total de la experiencia y sigue basándose implícitamente en la idea de que podemos estudiar de manera separada e independiente los aspectos físicos, cognitivos y experienciales de (...)
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  10. Kim Sterleny and Paul E. Griffiths, Sex and Death: An Introduction to Philosophy of Biology. [REVIEW]Valerie Hardcastle - 2000 - Philosophy in Review 20 (3):227-228.
     
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  11.  38
    An overview of structuration theory and its usefulness for nursing research.Mary-Ann R. Hardcastle, Kim J. Usher & Colin A. Holmes - 2005 - Nursing Philosophy 6 (4):223-234.
    Anthony Giddens’ theory of structuration is a theory of social action, which claims that society should be understood in terms of action and structure; a duality rather than two separate entities. This paper introduces some of the central characteristics of structuration theory, presenting a conceptual framework that helps to explore how people produce the systems and structures that shape their practice. By understanding how people produce and reproduce structures, then there is the potential for changing them. Criticisms that have been (...)
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  12.  25
    What we don't know about brains.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 1999 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 30 (1):69-89.
  13.  27
    Supporting Irrational Suicide.Valerie Gray Hardcastle & Rosalyn Walker Stewart - 2002 - Bioethics 16 (5):425-438.
    In this essay, we present three case studies which suggest that sometimes we are better off supporting a so–called irrational suicide, and that emotional or psychological distress – even if medically controllable – might justify a suicide. We underscore how complicated these decisions are and how murky a physician's moral role can be. We advocate a more individualized route to end–of–life care, eschewing well–meaning, principled, generalizations in favor of a highly contextualized, patient–centered, approach. We conclude that our Western traditions of (...)
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  14. Evolutionary psychology, meet developmental neurobiology: Against promiscuous modularity.David J. Buller & Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 2000 - Brain and Mind 1 (3):307-25.
    Evolutionary psychologists claim that the mind contains “hundreds or thousands” of “genetically specified” modules, which are evolutionary adaptations for their cognitive functions. We argue that, while the adult human mind/brain typically contains a degree of modularization, its “modules” are neither genetically specified nor evolutionary adaptations. Rather, they result from the brain’s developmental plasticity, which allows environmental task demands a large role in shaping the brain’s information-processing structures. The brain’s developmental plasticity is our fundamental psychological adaptation, and the “modules” that result (...)
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  15. Jean-Pierre Changeux and Alain Connes, Conversations on Mind, Matter, and Mathematics. Trans MB DeBevoise Reviewed by.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 1996 - Philosophy in Review 16 (1):16-17.
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  16. Mathieu Marion and Robert S. Cohen, eds., Québec Studies in the Philosophy of Science Part II: Biology, Psychology, Cognitive Science and Economics Reviewed by.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 1997 - Philosophy in Review 17 (1):52-54.
  17. Sisyphus's Boulder: Consciousness and the Limits of the Knowable.Eric Dietrich & Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 2004 - John Benjamins.
    In Sisyphus's Boulder, Eric Dietrich and Valerie Hardcastle argue that we will never get such a theory because consciousness has an essential property that..
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  18. Andrew Garnar Valerie gray Hardcastle.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 2004 - In Jennifer Radden (ed.), The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion. Oxford University Press.
     
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  19.  13
    To Cure Sometimes, To Relieve Often, and To Comfort Always.Rosalyn Stewart & Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (12):66-68.
    Volume 19, Issue 12, December 2019, Page 66-68.
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  20.  4
    Advocating for a Context Specific Approach to Tackle Inequities.Gabrielle Samuel, Faranak Hardcastle & Anneke Lucassen - 2024 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (3):109-111.
    In her paper, Galasso contends that transitioning precision medicine from its current emphasis on healthcare benefits, to a focus on precision public health, may help address the equity concerns th...
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  21. C. Richard Chapman, yoshio Nakamura and Chris-topher N. Chapman/pain and folk theory 209–222 Don gustafson/on the supposed utility of a folk theory of pain 223–228 Kenneth J. sufka/searching for a common ground: A commentary on Resnik's folk psychology of pain 229–231. [REVIEW]Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 2000 - Brain and Mind 1:409-411.
  22.  12
    Thinking About Consciousness. [REVIEW]Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 2004 - Philosophical Books 45 (3):223-227.
  23.  75
    The Myth of Pain.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 1999 - MIT Press.
    or Browse over 3500 reviews in " by Valerie Hardcastle, Ph.D. " _Metapsychology_.
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  24. Emergency care research ethics in low- and middle-income countries.Joseph Millum, Blythe Beecroft, Timothy C. Hardcastle, Jon Mark Hirshon, Adnan A. Hyder, Jennifer A. Newberry & Carla Saenz - 2019 - BMJ Global Health 4:e001260.
    A large proportion of the total global burden of disease is caused by emergency medical conditions. Emergency care research is essential to improving emergency medicine but this research can raise some distinctive ethical challenges, especially with regard to (1) standard of care and risk–benefit assessment; (2) blurring of the roles of clinician and researcher; (3) enrolment of populations with intersecting vulnerabilities; (4) fair participant selection; (5) quality of consent; and (6) community engagement. Despite the importance of research to improve emergency (...)
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  25.  32
    Editors' introduction.John Bickle, Gillian Einstein & Valerie Hardcastle - 2000 - Brain and Mind 1 (1):1-6.
  26.  19
    Interpreting Minds by.Radu J. Bogdan & Vg Hardcastle - 2000 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (3):737-740.
  27. Monty Python and Philosophy.George Reisch & G. Hardcastle (eds.) - 2006
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  28. A Connecticut Yalie in King Descartes' Court.Eric Dietrich & Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 2002 - Newsletter of Cognitive Science Society (Now Defunct).
    What is consciousness? Of course, each of us knows, privately, what consciousness is. And we each think, for basically irresistible reasons, that all other conscious humans by and large have experiences like ours. So we conclude that we all know what consciousness is. It's the felt experiences of our lives. But that is not the answer we, as cognitive scientists, seek in asking our question. We all want to know what physical process consciousness is and why it produces this very (...)
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  29.  34
    A Connecticut Yalie in King Descartes' Court.Eric Dietrich & Valerie Gray Hardcastle - unknown
    What is consciousness? Of course, each of us knows, privately, what consciousness is. And we each think, for basically irresistible reasons, that all other conscious humans by and large have experiences like ours. So we conclude that we all know what consciousness is. It's the felt experiences of our lives. But that is not the answer we, as cognitive scientists, seek in asking our question. We all want to know what physical process consciousness is and why it produces this very (...)
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  30. Multiplex vs. multiple selves: Distinguishing dissociative disorders.Valerie Gray Hardcastle & Owen Flanagan - 1999 - The Monist 82 (4):645-657.
    There is an increasing suspicion that Multiple Personality Disorder is one extreme along a continuum of dissociative phenomena, ranging from children’s pretend play and dreams at one end, through borderline personality disorder, posttraumatic stress syndrome, dissociative disorders not originally specified to a severe and complete personality fragmentation at the other. In this essay, we address the questions of whether a continuum view is correct and how to characterize the differences among the various disorders through distinguishing multiplex from multiple selves. This (...)
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  31.  3
    Exploring how biobanks communicate the possibility of commercial access and its associated benefits and risks in participant documents.A. Lucassen, R. Broekstra, F. Hardcastle & G. Samuel - 2022 - BMC Medical Ethics 23 (1):1-14.
    BackgroundBiobanks and biomedical research data repositories collect their samples and associated data from volunteer participants. Their aims are to facilitate biomedical research and improve health, and they are framed in terms of contributing to the public good. Biobank resources may be accessible to researchers with commercial motivations, for example, researchers in pharmaceutical companies who may utilise the data to develop new clinical therapeutics and pharmaceutical drugs. Studies exploring citizen perceptions of public/private interactions associated with large health data repositories/biobanks indicate that (...)
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  32.  16
    The Geography of Thought: How Asians and Westerners Think Differently... and why.Richard E. Nisbett - 2005 - Nicholas Brealey Publishing.
    An eminent psychologist boldly takes on the presumptions of evolutionary psychology in an engaging exploration of the divergent ways Eastern and Western societies see and understand the world.
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  33. Neurobiological models: An unnecessary divide--neural models in psychiatry.Andrew Garnar & Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 2004 - In Jennifer Radden (ed.), The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  34.  73
    When a Pain is Not.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 1997 - Journal of Philosophy 94 (8):381.
  35. Review of James F. Iaccino's Left brain-right brain differences: inquiries, evidence, and new approaches. [REVIEW]V. Gray Hardcastle - 1996 - Philosophical Psychology 9:111-112.
  36. Neurobiological.Andrew Garner & Valerie Hardcastle - 2007 - In Jennifer Radden (ed.), The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion. Oup Usa.
  37. The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion.Andrew Garnar & Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 2004 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  38.  38
    Where Biology Meets Psychology: Philosophical Essays.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 1999 - MIT Press. Edited by Valerie Gray Hardcastle.
    This book is perhaps the first to open a dialogue between the two disciplines.
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  39.  39
    Logical Empiricism in North America.Gary L. Hardcastle & Alan W. Richardson (eds.) - 1956 - Univ of Minnesota Press.
    "An essential overview of an important intellectual movement, Logical Empiricism in North America offers the first significant, sustained, and multidisciplinary attempt to understand the intellectual, cultural, and political dimensions of ...
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  40.  24
    The Cartesian Theater stance.Bruce Glymour, Rick Grush, Valerie Gray Hardcastle, Brian Keeley, Joe Ramsey, Oron Shagrir & Ellen Watson - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (2):209-210.
  41. What do brain data really show?Valerie Gray Hardcastle & C. Matthew Stewart - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (3):572-582.
    There is a bias in neuroscience toward localizing and modularizing brain functions. Single cell recording, imaging studies, and the study of neurological deficits all feed into the Gallian view that different brain areas do different things and the things being done are confined to particular processing streams. At the same time, there is a growing sentiment that brains probably don’t work like that after all; it is better to conceive of them as fundamentally distributed units, multi‐tasking at every level. This (...)
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  42. On the Normativity of Functions.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 2002 - In Andre Ariew, Robert Cummins & Mark Perlman (eds.), Functions: New Essays in the Philosophy of Psychology and Biology. Clarendon Press.
  43. When a pain is not.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 1997 - Journal of Philosophy 94 (8):381-409.
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  44. On the normativity of functions.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 2002 - In Andre Ariew (ed.), Functions. Oxford University Press.
  45.  19
    Locating Consciousness.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 1995 - John Benjamins.
    Spelling out in detail what we do and do not know about phenomenological experience, this book denies the common view of consciousness as a central decision...
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  46.  32
    Gary L. Hardcastle, Review of Osiris, Volume 10: Constructing Knowledge in the History of Science by Arnold Thackray. [REVIEW]Gary L. Hardcastle - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (2):373-375.
  47. Martha E. Rogers Her Life and Her Work.Martha E. Rogers, Violet M. Malinski, Elizabeth Ann Manhart Barrett & John R. Phillips - 1994
     
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  48.  8
    What Do Brain Data Really Show?Valerie Gray Hardcastle & C. Matthew Stewart - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (S3):72-82.
    There is a bias in neuroscience toward localizing and modularizing brain functions. Single cell recording, imaging studies, and the study of neurological deficits all feed into the Gallian view that different brain areas do different things and the things being done are confined to particular processing streams. At the same time, there is a growing sentiment that brains probably don’t work like that after all; it is better to conceive of them as fundamentally distributed units, multi‐tasking at every level. This (...)
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  49.  45
    How to Build a Theory in Cognitive Science.Valerie Gray Hardcastle - 1996 - SUNY Press.
    What is required to be an interdisciplinary theory in cognitive science is for it to span more than one traditional domain. Generally speaking, as I discuss ...
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  50.  50
    Marr's Levels Revisited: Understanding How Brains Break.Valerie G. Hardcastle & Kiah Hardcastle - 2015 - Topics in Cognitive Science 7 (2):259-273.
    While the research programs in early cognitive science and artificial intelligence aimed to articulate what cognition was in ideal terms, much research in contemporary computational neuroscience looks at how and why brains fail to function as they should ideally. This focus on impairment affects how we understand David Marr's hypothesized three levels of understanding. In this essay, we suggest some refinements to Marr's distinctions using a population activity model of cortico-striatal circuitry exploring impulsivity and behavioral inhibition as a case study. (...)
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