Results for 'Lorrie Elaine Nickerson Wolfard'

736 found
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  1.  95
    Hempel's Paradox and Wason's Selection Task: Logical and Psychological Puzzles of Confirmation.Raymond S. Nickerson - 1996 - Thinking and Reasoning 2 (1):1 – 31.
    Hempel's paradox of the ravens has to do with the question of what constitutes confirmation from a logical point of view; Wason 's selection task has been used extensively to investigate how people go about attempting to confirm or disconfirm conditional claims. This paper presents an argument that the paradox is resolved, and that people's typical performance in the selection task can be explained, by consideration of what constitutes an effective strategy for seeking evidence of the tenability of universal or (...)
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  2. The Body in Pain: The Making and Unmaking of the World.Elaine Scarry - 1985 - Oxford University Press.
    Part philosophical meditation, part cultural critique, The Body in Pain is a profoundly original study that has already stirred excitement in a wide range of intellectual circles. The book is an analysis of physical suffering and its relation to the numerous vacabularies and cultural forces--literary, political, philosophical, medical, religious--that confront it. Elaine Scarry bases her study on a wide range of sources: literature and art, medical case histories, documents on torture compiled by Amnesty International, legal transcripts of personal injury (...)
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  3.  6
    The Production and Perception of Randomness.Raymond S. Nickerson - 2002 - Psychological Review 109 (2):330-357.
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  4.  35
    Keep or Trade? Effects of Pay-Off Range on Decisions with the Two-Envelopes Problem.Raymond S. Nickerson, Susan F. Butler, Nathaniel Delaney-Busch & Michael Carlin - 2014 - Thinking and Reasoning 20 (4):472-499.
    The "two-envelopes" problem has stimulated much discussion on probabilistic reasoning, but relatively little experimentation. The problem specifies two identical envelopes, one of which contains twice as much money as the other. You are given one of the envelopes and the option of keeping it or trading for the other envelope. Variables of interest include the possible amounts of money involved, what is known about the process by which the amounts of money were assigned to the envelopes, and whether you are (...)
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  5.  10
    Evaluating Conditional Arguments with Uncertain Premises.Raymond S. Nickerson, Daniel H. Barch & Susan F. Butler - 2018 - Thinking and Reasoning 25 (1):48-71.
    ABSTRACTTreating conditionals as probabilistic statements has been referred to as a defining feature of the “new paradigm” in cognitive psychology. Doing so is attractive for several reasons, but it complicates the problem of assessing the merits of conditional arguments. We consider several variables that relate to judging the persuasiveness of conditional arguments with uncertain premises. We also explore ways of judging the consistency of people's beliefs as represented by components of conditional arguments. Experimental results provide evidence that inconsistencies in beliefs (...)
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  6.  19
    The Search for Universality: A Book Review by Elaine Englehardt. [REVIEW]Elaine Englehardt - 1998 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 13 (1):62-64.
    (1998). The search for universality: A book review by Elaine Englehardt. Journal of Mass Media Ethics: Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 62-64. doi: 10.1207/s15327728jmme1301_7.
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  7.  54
    The Exchange Paradox: Probabilistic and Cognitive Analysis of a Psychological Conundrum.Raymond S. Nickerson & Ruma Falk - 2006 - Thinking and Reasoning 12 (2):181 – 213.
    The term “exchange paradox” refers to a situation in which it appears to be advantageous for each of two holders of an envelope containing some amount of money to always exchange his or her envelope for that of the other individual, which they know contains either half or twice their own amount. We review several versions of the problem and show that resolving the paradox depends on the specifics of the situation, which must be disambiguated, and on the player's beliefs. (...)
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  8. Just Business: Business Ethics in Action.Elaine Sternberg - 2000 - Oxford University Press.
    Just Business provides the first comprehensive, reasoned framework for resolving questions of business ethics and corporate governance. Innovative, accessible, and global in scope, its powerful Ethical Decision Model can be used to manage the ethical problems of business as they arise in all their complexity and variety. Just Business combines business realism with philosophical rigor, and demonstrates that it is not necessary to emasculate or to adulterate business for business to be ethical. The book benefits from Elaine Sternberg's extensive (...)
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  9.  63
    Keep or Trade? An Experimental Study of the Exchange Paradox.Raymond S. Nickerson & Susan F. Butler - 2008 - Thinking and Reasoning 14 (4):365-394.
    The “exchange paradox”—also referred to in the literature by a variety of other names, notably the “two-envelopes problem”—is notoriously difficult, and experts are not all agreed as to its resolution. Some of the various expressions of the problem are open to more than one interpretation; some are stated in such a way that assumptions are required in order to fill in missing information that is essential to any resolution. In three experiments several versions of the problem were used, in each (...)
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  10. Thinking About Thinking.MERL R. WOLFARD - 1955
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  11.  7
    Response Times with Nonaging Foreperiods.Raymond S. Nickerson & David W. Burnham - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (3p1):452.
  12.  26
    Do Threatening Stimuli Draw or Hold Visual Attention in Subclinical Anxiety?Elaine Fox, Riccardo Russo, Robert Bowles & Kevin Dutton - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (4):681.
  13. Book Review: Case Studies and Credibility: Review by Elaine Englehardt. [REVIEW]Elaine Englehardt - 1994 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 9 (1):61 – 63.
     
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  14.  8
    Book Review: The Search for Universality: A Book Review by Elaine Englehardt. [REVIEW]Elaine Englehardt - 1998 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 13 (1):62 – 64.
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  15. On Doubting Thomas: The Suppressed Christian Tradition: An Interview with Elaine Pagels.[This Edited Transcript is Taken from'The Spirit of Things' Religion Program Presented by Kohn, Rachael on ABC Radio National, 28 March 2004. The Interview Was Recorded at the American Academy of Religion Annual Meeting in Atlanta, GA, in November 2003.]. [REVIEW]Elaine Pagels - 2004 - Sophia 43 (2):105.
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  16.  5
    Response Times with a Memory-Dependent Decision Task.Raymond S. Nickerson - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (5):761.
  17.  36
    Facial Expressions of Emotion: Are Angry Faces Detected More Efficiently?Elaine Fox, Victoria Lester, Riccardo Russo, R. J. Bowles, Alessio Pichler & Kevin Dutton - 2000 - Cognition and Emotion 14 (1):61-92.
  18.  24
    Attentional Bias for Threat: Evidence for Delayed Disengagement From Emotional Faces.Elaine Fox, Riccardo Russo & Kevin Dutton - 2002 - Cognition and Emotion 16 (3):355-379.
  19.  42
    Efficiency in Data Gathering: Set Size Effects in the Selection Task.Raymond S. Nickerson & Susan F. Butler - 2008 - Thinking and Reasoning 14 (1):60 – 82.
    Two experiments were conducted with variants of Wason's (1966) selection task. The common focus was the effect of differences in the sizes of the sets represented by P and not-Q in assertions of the form _If P then Q_ (conditional) or _All P are Q_ (categorical). Results support the conclusion that such set size differences affect the strategies people adopt when asked to determine, efficiently, the truth or falsity of such assertions, but they do not entirely negate the tendency to (...)
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  20. Shared Structure Need Not Be Shared Set-Structure.Elaine Landry - 2007 - Synthese 158 (1):1 - 17.
    Recent semantic approaches to scientific structuralism, aiming to make precise the concept of shared structure between models, formally frame a model as a type of set-structure. This framework is then used to provide a semantic account of (a) the structure of a scientific theory, (b) the applicability of a mathematical theory to a physical theory, and (c) the structural realist’s appeal to the structural continuity between successive physical theories. In this paper, I challenge the idea that, to be so used, (...)
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  21.  7
    Russell, Clifford, Whitehead and Differential Geometry.Sylvia Nickerson & Nicholas Griffin - 2008 - Russell: The Journal of Bertrand Russell Studies 28 (1).
    When Russell was fifteen, he was given a copy of W.K. Clifford’s The Common Sense of the Exact Sciences . Russell later recalled reading it immediately “with passionate interest and with an intoxicating delight in intellectual clarification”. Why then, when Russell wrote An Essay on the Foundations of Geometry , did he choose to defend spaces of homogeneous curvature as a priori? Why was he almost completely silent thereafter on the subject of Clifford, and his writings on geometry and space? (...)
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  22.  21
    On Beauty and Being Just.Elaine Scarry - 1999 - Princeton University Press.
    "--J.M.Coetzee "Here is a writer almost magically summoning up the world through words and ideas, in a new way, and so guiding the reader, lovingly, to receive the treasures and accept the pleasures of this book as naturally as breathing.
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  23.  2
    Intersensory Facilitation of Reaction Time: Energy Summation or Preparation Enhancement?Raymond S. Nickerson - 1973 - Psychological Review 80 (6):489-509.
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  24.  7
    Schizophrenia: A Neural Diathesis-Stress Model.Elaine F. Walker & Donald Diforio - 1997 - Psychological Review 104 (4):667-685.
  25. Categories in Context: Historical, Foundational, and Philosophical.Elaine Landry & Jean-Pierre Marquis - 2005 - Philosophia Mathematica 13 (1):1-43.
    The aim of this paper is to put into context the historical, foundational and philosophical significance of category theory. We use our historical investigation to inform the various category-theoretic foundational debates and to point to some common elements found among those who advocate adopting a foundational stance. We then use these elements to argue for the philosophical position that category theory provides a framework for an algebraic in re interpretation of mathematical structuralism. In each context, what we aim to show (...)
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  26.  22
    Aparté: Conceptions and Deaths of Søren Kierkegaard (Review).Lorrie Clark - 1990 - Philosophy and Literature 14 (1):191-193.
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  27.  6
    Bias and Responsibility in 'Neutral' Social Protocols.Lorrie Faith Cranor - 1998 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 28 (3):17-19.
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  28. How to Be a Structuralist All the Way Down.Elaine Landry - 2011 - Synthese 179 (3):435 - 454.
    This paper considers the nature and role of axioms from the point of view of the current debates about the status of category theory and, in particular, in relation to the "algebraic" approach to mathematical structuralism. My aim is to show that category theory has as much to say about an algebraic consideration of meta-mathematical analyses of logical structure as it does about mathematical analyses of mathematical structure, without either requiring an assertory mathematical or meta-mathematical background theory as a "foundation", (...)
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  29. Feminist Criticism in the Wilderness.Elaine Showalter - 1981 - Critical Inquiry 8 (2):179-205.
    Until very recently, feminist criticism has not had a theoretical basis; it has been an empirical orphan in the theoretical storm. In 1975, I was persuaded that no theoretical manifesto could adequately account for the varied methodologies and ideologies which called themselves feminist reading or writing.1 By the next year, Annette Kolodny had added her observation that feminist literary criticism appeared "more like a set of interchangeable strategies than any coherent school or shared goal orientation."2 Since then, the expressed goals (...)
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  30.  19
    Introducing Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility at Undergraduate Level in the United Arab Emirates: An Experiential Exercise on Website Communication. [REVIEW]Valerie Priscilla Goby & Catherine Nickerson - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 107 (2):103-109.
    In this article, we describe an assignment undertaken by our third-year students at a University Business School in the United Arab Emirates. The assignment serves to introduce corporate social responsibility and ethics in the undergraduate curriculum and to raise student awareness of how corporate activity together with corporate social responsibility can impact a country’s social, political, and cultural landscapes. We outline the assignment, student response to it, and its contribution to student intellectual development in terms of ethical perspective, philanthropy versus (...)
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  31.  5
    Frequency, Recency, and Repetition Effects on Same and Different Response Times.Raymond S. Nickerson - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (2):330.
  32.  12
    Conceptualization of CSR Among Muslim Consumers in Dubai: Evolving From Philanthropy to Ethical and Economic Orientations.Valerie Priscilla Goby & Catherine Nickerson - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 136 (1):167-179.
    Many existing studies postulate that in developing economies philanthropy tends to dominate in the CSR orientation delivered by organizations and expected by local populations. To assess this in the emerging economy of Dubai in the United Arab Emirates, we conducted a preliminary investigation of how locals are responding to the growing number of CSR initiatives that are being implemented in the Emirate. Moreover, given that scholars have argued that Islamic principles of philanthropy should guide CSR initiatives in Muslim countries, we (...)
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  33.  11
    ‘Consuming Good’ on Social Media: What Can Conspicuous Virtue Signalling on Facebook Tell Us About Prosocial and Unethical Intentions?Elaine Wallace, Isabel Buil & Leslie de Chernatony - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 162 (3):577-592.
    Mentioning products or brands on Facebook enables individuals to display an ideal self to others through a form of virtual conspicuous consumption. Drawing on conspicuous donation behaviour literature, we investigate ‘conspicuous virtue signalling’, as conspicuous consumption on Facebook. CVS occurs when an individual mentions a charity on their Facebook profile. We investigate need for uniqueness and attention to social comparison information as antecedents of two types of CVS–self-oriented and other-oriented. We also explore the relationship between CVS and self-esteem, and offline (...)
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  34.  18
    Categories in Context: Historical, Foundational, and Philosophical &Dagger.Elaine Landry & Jean-Pierre Marquis - 2005 - Philosophia Mathematica 13 (1):1-43.
    The aim of this paper is to put into context the historical, foundational and philosophical significance of category theory. We use our historical investigation to inform the various category-theoretic foundational debates and to point to some common elements found among those who advocate adopting a foundational stance. We then use these elements to argue for the philosophical position that category theory provides a framework for an algebraic _in re_ interpretation of mathematical structuralism. In each context, what we aim to show (...)
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  35.  2
    Elaine Scarry, Michael Haneke’s Funny Games and the Structure of Cruelty.Joanna Bourke - 2019 - Body and Society 25 (3):136-152.
    Haneke’s film Funny Games is a reflection on the nature of pain and representation. I argue that the film closely follows Elaine Scarry’s arguments about the structure of torture. Further, by refusing to appeal to categories of generalization such as ‘sadism’ and ‘psychopathy’, Haneke undermines the process of finding meaning in violence. Haneke positions his audiences as more than just witnesses to torture, but active participants in cruelty.
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  36.  4
    Ethics Across the Curriculum—Pedagogical Perspectives.Elaine E. Englehardt, Michael S. Pritchard, Robert Baker, Michael D. Burroughs, José A. Cruz-Cruz, Randall Curren, Michael Davis, Aine Donovan, Deni Elliott, Karin D. Ellison, Challie Facemire, William J. Frey, Joseph R. Herkert, Karlana June, Robert F. Ladenson, Christopher Meyers, Glen Miller, Deborah S. Mower, Lisa H. Newton, David T. Ozar, Alan A. Preti, Wade L. Robison, Brian Schrag, Alan Tomhave, Phyllis Vandenberg, Mark Vopat, Sandy Woodson, Daniel E. Wueste & Qin Zhu - 2018 - Springer Verlag.
    Late in 1990, the Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions at Illinois Institute of Technology (lIT) received a grant of more than $200,000 from the National Science Foundation to try a campus-wide approach to integrating professional ethics into its technical curriculum.! Enough has now been accomplished to draw some tentative conclusions. I am the grant's principal investigator. In this paper, I shall describe what we at lIT did, what we learned, and what others, especially philosophers, can learn (...)
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  37.  14
    Close to Home: A Materialist Analysis of Women's Oppression.Elaine Marks, Christine Delphy & Diana Leonard - 1987 - Substance 16 (1):95.
  38.  12
    Allocation of Visual Attention and Anxiety.Elaine Fox - 1993 - Cognition and Emotion 7 (2):207-215.
  39.  52
    Linking Ethics and Risk Management in Taxation: Evidence From an Exploratory Study in Ireland and the UK.Elaine M. Doyle, Jane Frecknall Hughes & Keith W. Glaister - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 86 (2):177-198.
    Ethical dilemmas involving tax issues were identified by members of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants as posing the most difficult ethical problem for them (Finn et al., Journal of Business Ethics 7(8), pp. 607–609, 1988). The KPMG tax shelter fraud case proves that the tax profession has not gone untainted in the age of numerous accounting and corporate scandals, such as the Enron débâcle (Sikka and Hampton, Accounting Forum 29(3), 325–343, 2005). High-profile scandals serve to highlight the problems (...)
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  40.  2
    Lay Perspectives on the Social and Psychological Functions of Heroes.Elaine L. Kinsella, Timothy D. Ritchie & Eric R. Igou - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  41. Bellwethers and the Emergence of Trends in Online Communities.Yasuaki Sakamoto, Elliot Sadlon & Jeffrey V. Nickerson - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
     
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  42. Structural Realism: Structure, Object, and Causality.Elaine Landry & Dean Rickles (eds.) - 2012 - Springer.
     
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  43. What is Equity in Education? Reflections From the Capability Approach.Elaine Unterhalter - 2009 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 28 (5):415-424.
    While there is a substantial conceptual literature on equality in education, there has been little clarificatory discussion on the term equity, despite its frequent use in policy and planning documents. The article draws out some different ways in which equity can be understood in education. It distinguishes three forms of equity, looking at the social context when major shifts in the meaning of the term took place in English—the fourteenth century, the sixteenth century and the eighteenth century. Terming these equity (...)
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  44. Category Theory: The Language of Mathematics.Elaine Landry - 1999 - Philosophy of Science 66 (3):27.
    In this paper I argue that category theory ought to be seen as providing the language for mathematical discourse. Against foundational approaches, I argue that there is no need to reduce either the content or structure of mathematical concepts and theories to the constituents of either the universe of sets or the category of categories. I assign category theory the role of organizing what we say about the content and structure of both mathematical concepts and theories. Insofar, then, as the (...)
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  45.  8
    Head Cases: Julia Kristeva on Philosophy and Art in Depressed Times.Elaine P. Miller - 2014 - Columbia University Press.
    Focusing on specific artworks that illustrate KristevaÕs ideas, from ancient Greek tragedy to early photography, contemporary installation art, and film, Miller positions creative acts as a form of Òspiritual inoculationÓ against the ...
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  46.  52
    The Genetic Versus the Axiomatic Method: Responding to Feferman 1977: The Genetic Versus the Axiomatic Method: Responding to Feferman 1977.Elaine Landry - 2013 - Review of Symbolic Logic 6 (1):24-51.
    Feferman argues that category theory cannot stand on its own as a structuralist foundation for mathematics: he claims that, because the notions of operation and collection are both epistemically and logically prior, we require a background theory of operations and collections. Recently [2011], I have argued that in rationally reconstructing Hilbert’s organizational use of the axiomatic method, we can construct an algebraic version of category-theoretic structuralism. That is, in reply to Shapiro, we can be structuralists all the way down ; (...)
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  47.  1
    WindVOiCe, a Self-Reporting Survey: Adverse Health Effects, Industrial Wind Turbines, and the Need for Vigilance Monitoring.Jeff Aramini, Nicholas Kouwen, Lorrie Gillis & Carmen M. E. Krogh - 2011 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 31 (4):334-345.
    Industrial wind turbines have been operating in many parts of the globe. Anecdotal reports of perceived adverse health effects relating to industrial wind turbines have been published in the media and on the Internet. Based on these reports, indications were that some residents perceived they were experiencing adverse health effects. The purpose of the WindVOiCe health survey was to provide vigilance monitoring for those wishing to report their perceived adverse health effects. This article discusses the results of a self reporting (...)
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  48.  15
    Hegel on Reflection and Reflective Judgement.Elaine P. Miller - forthcoming - Hegel Bulletin:1-26.
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  49.  29
    Research Methods in Taxation Ethics: Developing the Defining Issues Test (Dit) for a Tax-Specific Scenario. [REVIEW]Elaine Doyle, Jane Frecknall-Hughes & Barbara Summers - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (1):35 - 52.
    This paper reports on the development of a research instrument designed to explore ethical reasoning in a tax context. This research instrument is a version of the Defining Issues Test (DIT) originally developed by Rest [1979a, Development in Judging Moral Issues (Univer sity of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN); 1979b, Defining Issues Test (University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, MN)], but adapted to focus specifically on the environment encountered by tax practitioners. The paper explores reasons for developing a context-(and profession-) specific test, (...)
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  50.  30
    Participation of Citizen Scientists in Clinical Research and Access to Research Ethics Consultation.Elaine Collier & Marion Danis - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (4):70-72.
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