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Louis C. Charland [47]Louis Charland [11]Louis Christian Charland [3]
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Louis C. Charland
University of Western Ontario
  1.  84
    Cynthia's Dilemma: Consenting to Heroin Prescription.Louis C. Charland - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics 2 (2):37 – 47.
    Heroin prescription involves the medical provision of heroin in the treatment of heroin addiction. Rudimentary clinical trials on that treatment modality have been carried out and others are currently underway or in development. However, it is questionable whether subjects considered for such trials are mentally competent to consent to them. The problem has not been sufficiently appreciated in ethical and clinical discussions of the topic. The challenges involved throw new light on the role of value and accountability in contemporary discussions (...)
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  2. The Natural Kind Status of Emotion.Louis C. Charland - 2002 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (4):511-37.
    It has been argued recently that some basic emotions should be considered natural kinds. This is different from the question whether as a class emotions form a natural kind; that is, whether emotion is a natural kind. The consensus on that issue appears to be negative. I argue that this pessimism is unwarranted and that there are in fact good reasons for entertaining the hypothesis that emotion is a natural kind. I interpret this to mean that there exists a distinct (...)
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  3.  19
    Competence and Inequity Are Both Important to the Ethics of Supervised Injectable Opioid Assisted Treatment.Louis Christian Charland - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (12):41-43.
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  4. A Madness for Identity: Psychiatric Labels, Consumer Autonomy, and the Perils of the Internet.Louis C. Charland - 2004 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 (4):335-349.
  5. Reconciling Cognitive and Perceptual Theories of Emotion: A Representational Proposal.Louis C. Charland - 1997 - Philosophy of Science 64 (4):555-579.
    The distinction between cognitive and perceptual theories of emotion is entrenched in the literature on emotion and is openly used by individual emotion theorists when classifying their own theories and those of others. In this paper, I argue that the distinction between cognitive and perceptual theories of emotion is more pernicious than it is helpful, while at the same time insisting that there are nonetheless important perceptual and cognitive factors in emotion that need to be distinguished. A general representational metatheoretical (...)
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  6.  40
    Anorexia Nervosa as a Passion.Louis C. Charland, Tony Hope, Anne Stewart & Jacinta Tan - 2013 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 20 (4):353-365.
  7.  5
    Strong Feelings: Emotion, Addiction and Human Behavior.Louis C. Charland & Jon Elster - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (1):108.
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  8.  42
    Appreciation and Emotion: Theoretical Reflections on the Macarthur Treatment Competence Study.Louis C. Charland - 1998 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 8 (4):359-376.
  9.  35
    Anorexia and the MacCAT-T Test for Mental Competence: Validity, Value, and Emotion.Louis C. Charland - 2007 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 13 (4):283-287.
  10.  4
    Can Women in Labor Give Informed Consent to Epidural Analgesia?Kyoko Wada, Louis C. Charland & Geoff Bellingham - forthcoming - Bioethics.
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  11. Feeling and Representing: Computational Theory and the Modularity of Affect.Louis C. Charland - 1995 - Synthese 105 (3):273-301.
    In this paper I review some leading developments in the empirical theory of affect. I argue that (1) affect is a distinct perceptual representation governed system, and (2) that there are significant modular factors in affect. The paper concludes with the observation thatfeeler (affective perceptual system) may be a natural kind within cognitive science. The main purpose of the paper is to explore some hitherto unappreciated connections between the theory of affect and the computational theory of mind.
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  12.  15
    Moral Undertow and the Passions: Two Challenges for Contemporary Emotion Regulation.Louis C. Charland - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (1):83-91.
    The history and philosophy of affective terms and concepts contains important challenges for contemporary scientific accounts of emotion regulation. First, there is the problem of moral undertow. This arises because stipulating the ends of emotion regulation requires normative assumptions that ultimately derive from values and morals. Some historical precedents are considered to help explain and address this problem. Second, there is the problem of organization. This arises because multiple emotions are often organized and oriented in very particular ways over the (...)
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  13. The Heat of Emotion: Valence and the Demarcation Problem.Louis Charland - 2005 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (8-10):8-10.
    Philosophical discussions regarding the status of emotion as a scientific domain usually get framed in terms of the question whether emotion is a natural kind. That approach to the issues is wrongheaded for two reasons. First, it has led to an intractable philosophical impasse that ultimately misconstrues the character of the relevant debate in emotion science. Second, and most important, it entirely ignores valence, a central feature of emotion experience, and probably the most promising criterion for demarcating emotion from cognition (...)
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  14.  27
    Decision-Making Capacity.Louis Charland - manuscript
    In many Western jurisdictions, the law presumes that adult persons, and sometimes children that meet certain criteria, are capable of making their own health care decisions; for example, consenting to a particular medical treatment, or consenting to participate in a research trial. But what exactly does it mean to say that a subject has or lacks the requisite capacity to decide? This last question has to do with what is commonly called “decisional capacity,” a central concept in health care law (...)
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  15.  41
    Medical or Moral Kinds? Moving Beyond a False Dichotomy.Louis C. Charland - 2010 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 17 (2):119-125.
    I am delighted that Zachar and Potter have chosen to refer to my work on the DSM-IV cluster B personality disorders in their very interesting and ambitious target article. Their suggestion that we turn to virtue ethics rather than traditional moral theory to understand the relation between moral and nonmoral factors in personality disorders is certainly original and worth pursuing. Yet, in the final instance, I am not entirely sure about the exact scope of their proposed analysis. I also worry (...)
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  16.  31
    The Varieties of Compulsion in Addiction.Louis C. Charland - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 3 (2):50-51.
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  17.  68
    Why Psychiatry Should Fear Medicalisation.Louis C. Charland - 2013 - In K. W. M. Fulford, Davies M., Gipps R., Graham G., Sadler J., Stanghellini G. & Thornton T. (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry. Oxford University Press. pp. 159-175.
    Medicalization in contemporary psychopharmacology is increasingly dominated by commercial interests that threaten the scientific and ethical integrity of psychiatry. At the same time, the proliferation of new social media has altered the manner in which the social groups and institutions that have stakes in medicalization interact. Consumers are at once more powerful than ever before, but also more vulnerable. The upshot of all these developments is that medicalization is no longer simply the professed enemy of anti-psychiatry and its supporters. It (...)
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  18.  57
    Affective Neuroscience and Addiction.Louis C. Charland - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):20 – 21.
    The author comments on the article “The neurobiology of addiction: Implications for voluntary control of behavior,‘ by S. E. Hyman. Hyman suggests that addicted individuals have substantial impairments in cognitive control of behavior. The author states that brain and neurochemical systems are involved in addiction. He also suggests that neuroscience can link the diseased brain processes in addiction to the moral struggles of the addicts. Accession Number: 24077919; Authors: Charland, Louis C. 1; Email Address: charland@uwo.ca; Affiliations: 1: University of Western (...)
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  19.  39
    Emotion as a Natural Kind: Towards a Computational Foundation for Emotion Theory.Louis C. Charland - 1995 - Philosophical Psychology 8 (1):59-84.
    In this paper I link two hitherto disconnected sets of results in the philosophy of emotions and explore their implications for the computational theory of mind. The argument of the paper is that, for just the same reasons that some computationalists have thought that cognition may be a natural kind, so the same can plausibly be argued of emotion. The core of the argument is that emotions are a representation-governed phenomenon and that the explanation of how they figure in behaviour (...)
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  20.  17
    Is Mr. Spock Mentally Competent? Competence to Consent and Emotion.Louis C. Charland - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (1):67-81.
  21. By What Authority? Conflicts of Interest in Professional Ethics.Louis Charland - 2008 - Journal of Ethics in Mental Health 3:1-3.
     
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  22.  8
    The Hypothesis That Anorexia Nervosa Is a Passion: Clarifications and Elaborations.Louis C. Charland, Tony Hope, Anne Stewart & Jacinta Tan - 2013 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 20 (4):375-379.
  23.  23
    Personality Disorders.Louis C. Charland - 2004 - In Jennifer Radden (ed.), The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion. Oxford University Press. pp. 64.
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  24.  10
    Cognitive Modularity of Emotion.Louis C. Charland - 2006 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 36 (sup1):213-228.
  25.  22
    Emotion Experience and the Indeterminacy of Valence.Louis C. Charland - 2005 - In Lisa Feldman Barrett, Paula M. Niedenthal & Piotr Winkielman (eds.), Emotion and Consciousness. Guilford Press. pp. 231-254.
  26.  11
    La psychopathologie et le statut d'espèce naturelle de l'émotion.Louis C. Charland - 2006 - Philosophiques 33 (1):217-230.
    La thérapie rationnelle des émotions est basée sur l’hypothèse qu’un trouble de la pensée conduit à des troubles du sentiment qui eux-mêmes conduisent à des troubles de comportement. Du point de vue thérapeutique, la stratégie consiste à corriger les sentiments et le comportement en modifiant le trouble de raisonnement. Cette forme très en vogue de psychothérapie des troubles émotionnels fournit une illustration intéressante des relations nomologiques intriquées qui peuvent exister entre les patrons relativement fixes d’états émotionnels, d’états comportementaux et d’états (...)
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  27.  19
    In Defence of “Emotion”. [REVIEW]Louis C. Charland - 2001 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 31 (1):133-154.
  28. Character: Moral Treatment and the Personality Disorders.Louis Charland - 2007 - In Jennifer Radden (ed.), The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion. Oup Usa.
     
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  29. Moral Nature of the Dsm-IV Cluster B Personality Disorders.Louis Charland - unknown
    Moral considerations do not appear to play a large role in discussions of the DSM-IV personality disorders and debates about their empirical validity. Yet philosophical analysis reveals that the Cluster B personality disorders, in particular, may in fact be moral rather than clinical conditions. This finding has serious consequences for how they should be treated and by whom.
     
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  30. Validity, Value, and Emotion.Louis C. Charland - unknown
    How does one scientifically verify a psychometric instrument designed to assess the mental competence of medical patients who are asked to consent to medical treatment? Aside from satisfying technical requirements like statistical reliability, results yielded by such a test must conform to at least some accepted pretheoretical desiderata; for example, determinations of competence, as measured by the test, must capture a minimal core of accepted basic intuitions about what competence means and what a theory of competence is supposed to do. (...)
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  31.  20
    Perceptual Symbol Systems and Emotion.Louis C. Charland - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (4):612-613.
    In his target article, Barsalou cites current work on emotion theory but does not explore its relevance for this project. The connection is worth pursuing, since there is a plausible case to be made that emotions form a distinct symbolic information processing system of their own. On some views, that system is argued to be perceptual: a direct connection with Barsalou's perceptual symbol systems theory. Also relevant is the hypothesis that there may be different modular subsystems within emotion and the (...)
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  32.  54
    As Autonomy Heads Into Harm's Way.Louis C. Charland - 2004 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 (4):361-363.
  33.  6
    Review: In Defence of "Emotion". [REVIEW]Louis C. Charland - 2001 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 31 (1):133 - 154.
  34.  22
    Review of 'What Emotions Really Are: The Problem of Psychological Categories', by Paul E. Griffiths. [REVIEW]Louis C. Charland - 2002 - Mind and Language 17 (3):318-324.
  35. Ethics Questions D'Éthique.Louis Charland - unknown
    by Louis C. Charland, Ph.D. Departments of Philosophy and Psychiatry &.
     
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  36.  31
    Cognitive Modularity of Emotion.Louis C. Charland - 2008 - In Luc Faucher & Christine Tappolet (eds.), The Modularity of Emotions. University of Calgary Press. pp. 213-228.
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  37.  17
    Tuke's Healing Discipline: Commentary on Erica Lilleleht's "Progress and Power: Exploring the Disciplinary Connections Between Moral Treatment and Psychiatric Rehabilitation&Quot.Louis C. Charland - 2002 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 9 (2):183-186.
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  38.  25
    Describing Our “Humanness”: Can Genetic Science Alter What It Means to Be “Human”?Angela Campbell, Kathleen Cranley Glass & Louis C. Charland - 1998 - Science and Engineering Ethics 4 (4):413-426.
    Over the past several decades, geneticists have succeeded in identifying the genetic mutations associated with disease. New strategies for treatment, including gene transfer and gene therapy, are under development. Although genetic science has been welcomed for its potential to predict and treat disease, interventions may become ethically objectionable if they threaten to alter characteristics that are distinctively human. Before we can determine whether or not a genetic technique carries this risk, we must clarify what it means to be “human”. This (...)
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  39.  11
    Recognition of Reviewers.Arash Abizadeh, Andrew Altman, Scott Arnold, Birmingham Kim Atkins, Sorin Baisau, Derek Bell, Roslyn Bologh, Thom Brooks, Dario Castiglione & Louis Charland - 2008 - Journal of Social Philosophy 39 (4):467-470.
  40. The American Journal of Bioethics.Louis Charland - unknown
    To cite this Article: , 'Affective Neuroscience and Addiction', The American Journal of Bioethics, 7:1, 20 - 21 To link to this article: DOI: 10.1080/15265160601064066 URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15265160601064066..
     
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  41.  9
    Review of Passion and Reason: Making Sense of Our Emotions by Richard and Bernice Lazarus. [REVIEW]Louis C. Charland - 1996 - Philosophical Psychology 9 (3):401-404.
  42.  7
    In Defence of “Emotion” Critical Notice.Louis C. Charland - 2001 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 31 (1):113-154.
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  43.  4
    Tuke's Healing Discipline. Commentary on 'Progress and Power: Exploring the Disciplinary Connections Between Moral Treatment and Psychiatric Rehabilitation', by Erica-Lilleleht.Louis C. Charland - 2003 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, Psychology 9 (2):183-186.
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  44.  3
    Benevolence and Discipline: The Concept of Recovery in Early Nineteenth-Century Moral Treatment.Louis C. Charland - 2012 - In Abraham Rudnick (ed.), Recovery of People with Mental Illness: Philosophical and Related Perspectives. Oxford University Press. pp. 65.
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  45. In Defence of Emotion: Critical Notice of Paul E. Griffiths's What Emotions Really Are: The Problem of Psychological Categories.Louis C. Charland - 2001 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 31 (1):133-154.
     
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  46.  3
    Response to the Commentaries.Louis C. Charland - 1998 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 5 (1):93-95.
  47.  5
    Are There Answers?Louis C. Charland - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (3):1 – 2.
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  48.  1
    In Defence of “Emotion”. [REVIEW]Louis C. Charland - 2001 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 31 (1):133-154.
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  49.  1
    How Not to Walk Away From The Science of Consciousness.Louis C. Charland - 2006 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 13 (4):17-19.
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  50. Switched-on Consciousness - Clarifying What It Means - Response to de Quincey.Michael Beaton, J. Bricklin, Louis C. Charland, J. C. W. Edwards, Ilya B. Farber, Bill Faw, Rocco J. Gennaro, C. Kaernbach, C. M. H. Nunn, Jaak Panksepp, Jesse J. Prinz, Matthew Ratcliffe, Jacob J. Ross, S. Murray, Henry P. Stapp & Douglas F. Watt - 2006 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 13 (4):7-12.
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