Results for 'Louis E. Newman'

997 found
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  1.  6
    Balancing Justice and Mercy: Reflections on Forgiveness in Judaism.Louis E. Newman - 2013 - Journal of Religious Ethics 41 (3):435-456.
    The concept of forgiveness is analyzed as a moral gesture toward the offender designed to help restore that individual's moral standing. Jewish sources on the conditions under which forgiveness is obligatory are explored and two contrasting positions are presented: one in which the obligation to forgive is conditional on the repentance of the offender and another in which people are required to forgive unconditionally. These two positions are shown to represent different ways of framing the offending behavior that rest, in (...)
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  2.  47
    Jewish theology and bioethics.Louis E. Newman - 1992 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 17 (3):309-327.
    This article explores the theological foundations of both classical and contemporary Jewish ethics, with special reference to biomedical issues. Traditional views concerning God's revelation to Israel are shown to underlie the methodological orientation of classical Jewish ethics, which is both legalistic and particularistic. Contemporary Jewish ethicists, by contrast, have tended to embrace more liberal views of revelation which have mitigated both the legalism and the particularism of their approach. Apart from methodological considerations, much of the content of Jewish medical ethics (...)
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  3.  42
    Balancing Justice and Mercy.Louis E. Newman - 2013 - Journal of Religious Ethics 41 (3):435-456.
    The concept of forgiveness is analyzed as a moral gesture toward the offender designed to help restore that individual's moral standing. Jewish sources on the conditions under which forgiveness is obligatory are explored and two contrasting positions are presented: one in which the obligation to forgive is conditional on the repentance of the offender and another in which people are required to forgive unconditionally. These two positions are shown to represent different ways of framing the offending behavior that rest, in (...)
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  4.  20
    The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Ethics and Morality Edited by Elliot N. Dorff and Jonathan K. Crane.Louis E. Newman - 2014 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 34 (1):219-221.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Ethics and Morality Edited by Elliot N. Dorff and Jonathan K. CraneLouis E. NewmanThe Oxford Handbook of Jewish Ethics and Morality EDITED BY ELLIOT N. DORFF AND JONATHAN K. CRANE New York: Oxford University Press, 2012. 499 pp. $150The Oxford Handbook of Jewish Ethics and Morality addresses what has long been a major lacuna in the field of Jewish studies. No one who (...)
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  5.  16
    Love Thy Neighbor as Thyself_, and: _Maimonides and His Heritage.Louis E. Newman - 2012 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 32 (1):196-199.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Reviewed by:Love Thy Neighbor as Thyself, and: Maimonides and His HeritageLouis E. NewmanLove Thy Neighbor as Thyself Lenn E. Goodman New York: Oxford, 2008. 235 pp. $55.00.Maimonides and His Heritage Edited by Idit Dobbs-Weinstein, Lenn E. Goodman, and James Allen Grady Albany: SUNY, 2009. $24.95.Perhaps no principle is more central to Western religious ethics than that of “loving your neighbor as yourself.” It is at the heart of the (...)
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  6.  57
    Talking ethics with strangers: A view from jewish tradition.Louis E. Newman - 1993 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (6):549-567.
    Tristram Engelhardt provides an important set of reflections for bioethics in a secular context. Taking Engelhardt's work as its point of departure this article explores the challenges that Jewish ethicists face in contributing to bioethics in a secular context. The article explores how the Jewish tradition can address issues in bioethics in ways that are true to its tradition and at the same time accessible and relevant to "moral strangers" in a secular society. Keywords: bioethics, Engelhardt, Jewish tradition, moral strangers, (...)
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  7.  12
    Review: Covenantal Responsibility in a Modern Context: Recent Work in Jewish Ethics. [REVIEW]Louis E. Newman - 1997 - Journal of Religious Ethics 25 (1):183-210.
    This essay presents and analyzes the recent work of four prominent contemporary Jewish ethicists: Eugene Borowitz, David Novak, Byron Sherwin, and Walter Wurzburger. These authors are united in their affirmation of covenant as the central category of Jewish moral obligation and their concern to construct a Jewish ethic out of the classical sources of Judaism. Yet, as an individual analysis of their books will show, they adopt markedly different views of the authority of traditional Jewish law, the respective roles of (...)
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  8.  35
    Contemporary Jewish ethics and morality: a reader.Elliot N. Dorff & Louis E. Newman (eds.) - 1995 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Over the past decade much significant new work has appeared in the field of Jewish ethics. While much of this work has been devoted to issues in applied ethics, a number of important essays have explored central themes within the tradition and clarified the theoretical foundations of Jewish ethics. This important text grew out of the need for a single work which accurately and conveniently reflects these developments within the field. The first text of its kind in almost two decades, (...)
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  9.  11
    Case Studies: C-Section for Organ Donation.Sheldon T. Berkowitz, Louis E. Newman & Deborah R. Mathieu - 1990 - Hastings Center Report 20 (2):22.
  10. A Qualified Bioethic: Particularity in James Gustafson and Stanley Hauer-was, by Gerald P. McKenny 511 Advance Directives for Voluntary Euthanasia: A Volatile Combination? by Leslie Pickering Francis 297 After the Fall: Particularism in Bioethics, by Kevin Wm. Wildes, 5.7. 505. [REVIEW]Louis E. Newman, Bonnie B. O'Connor, Jean-Pierre Poullier, Mark Risjord, Wendell Stephenson & Mark D. Sullivan - 1993 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18:599-602.
  11. The essence of essentialism.George E. Newman & Joshua Knobe - 2019 - Mind and Language 34 (5):585-605.
    Over the past several decades, psychological essentialism has been an important topic of study, incorporating research from multiple areas of psychology, philosophy and linguistics. At its most basic level, essentialism is the tendency to represent certain concepts in terms of a deeper, unobservable property that is responsible for category membership. Originally, this concept was used to understand people’s reasoning about natural kind concepts, such as TIGER and WATER, but more recently, researchers have identified the emergence of essentialist-like intuitions in a (...)
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  12.  82
    Reflection and the stability of belief: essays on Descartes, Hume, and Reid.Louis E. Loeb - 2010 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This volume will thus appeal to advanced students and scholars not just in the history of early modern philosophy but in epistemology and other core areas of ...
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  13.  21
    The initial stages of growth of oriented copper nuclei on single crystal surfaces of silver.E. Grunbaum, R. C. Newman & D. W. Pashley - 1958 - Philosophical Magazine 3 (36):1337-1341.
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  14. Le théorème de Gödei.E. Nagel, J. R. Newman, K. Gödel, J. Y. Girard & J. Scherrer - 1990 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 180 (4):706-708.
     
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  15.  57
    Stability and justification in Hume's Treatise.Louis E. Loeb - 2002 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    David Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature is famous for its extreme skepticism. Louis Loeb argues that Hume's destructive conclusions have in fact obscured a constructive stage that Hume abandons prematurely. Working within a philosophical tradition that values tranquillity, Hume favors an epistemology that links justification with settled belief. Hume appeals to psychological stability to support his own epistemological assessments, both favorable regarding causal inference, and unfavorable regarding imaginative propensities. The theory's success in explaining Hume's epistemic distinctions gives way (...)
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  16.  33
    Stability and Justification in Hume's Treatise.Louis E. Loeb - 2002 - New York, US: Oup Usa.
    The distinguished philosopher Louis Loeb examines the epistemological framework of Scottish philosopher David Hume, as employed in his celebrated work A Treatise of Human Nature. Loeb's project is to advance an integrated interpretation of Hume's accounts of belief and justification. His thesis is that Hume, in his Treatise, has a "stability-based" theory of justification which posits that his belief is justified if it is the result of a belief producing mechanism that engenders stable beliefs. But Loeb argues that the (...)
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  17.  61
    Beliefs in afterlife as a by-product of persistence judgments.E. Newman George, V. Blok Sergey & J. Rips Lance - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):481.
    We agree that supernatural beliefs are pervasive. However, we propose a more general account rooted in how people trace ordinary objects over time. Tracking identity involves attending to the causal history of an object, a process that may implicate hidden mechanisms. We discuss experiments in which participants exhibit the same “supernatural” beliefs when reasoning about the fates of cups and automobiles as those exhibited by Bering's participants when reasoning about spirits.
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  18. Water is and is not H 2 O.Kevin P. Tobia, George E. Newman & Joshua Knobe - 2019 - Mind and Language 35 (2):183-208.
    The Twin Earth thought experiment invites us to consider a liquid that has all of the superficial properties associated with water (clear, potable, etc.) but has entirely different deeper causal properties (composed of “XYZ” rather than of H2O). Debates about natural kind concepts have sought to accommodate an apparent fact about ordinary people's judgments: Intuitively, the Twin Earth liquid is not water. We present results showing that people do not have this intuition. Instead, people tend to judge that there is (...)
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  19.  19
    Knowledge and Justification.Louis E. Loeb - 1983 - Philosophical Review 92 (3):455.
  20. Artworks are evaluated as extensions of their creators.George E. Newman & Rosanna K. Smith - 2018 - In Florian Cova & Sébastien Réhault (eds.), Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Aesthetics. London: Bloomsbury Academic.
     
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  21.  43
    Review Essays: A Progress of Sentiments, Reflections on Hume's TreatiseA Progress of Sentiments, Reflections on Hume's Treatise.Louis E. Loeb & Annette C. Baier - 1994 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 54 (2):467.
  22. Stability and Justification in Hume's Treatise, Another Look-A Response to Erin Kelly, Frederick Schmitt, and Michael Williams.Louis E. Loeb - 2004 - Hume Studies 30 (2):339-404.
    The symposiasts press from a number of directions. Erin Kelly contends that Hume’s stability-based sentimentalist ethics cannot do justice to our considered normative moral judgements. Schmitt and Williams criticize my account of Hume’s epistemology proper. I will have to give ground: my book does overstate the extent to which Hume reaches a destructive result, in large part because I overlook significant variants of a stability account of justification. I make other concessions—in regard to the country gentlemen passage and Hume’s 1.3.9 (...)
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  23.  55
    Disinhibitory psychopathology: A new perspective and a model for research.Ethan E. Gorenstein & Joseph P. Newman - 1980 - Psychological Review 87 (3):301-315.
  24.  22
    Integrating Hume's Accounts of Belief and Justification.Louis E. Loeb - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (2):279-303.
    Hume's claim that a state is a belief is often intertwined—though without his remarking on this fact—with epistemic approval of the state. This requires explanation. Beliefs, in Hume's view, are steady dispositions (not lively ideas), nature's provision for a steady influence on the will and action. Hume's epistemic distinctions call attention to circumstances in which the presence of conflicting beliefs undermine a belief's influence and thereby its natural function. On one version of this interpretation, to say that a belief is (...)
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  25.  14
    Why does Language Matter to Philosophy?Louis E. Loeb - 1977 - Philosophical Review 86 (3):437.
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  26. The priority of reason in Descartes.Louis E. Loeb - 1990 - Philosophical Review 99 (1):3-43.
  27. Psychology, epistemology, and skepticism in Hume’s argument about induction.Louis E. Loeb - 2006 - Synthese 152 (3):321 - 338.
    Since the mid-1970s, scholars have recognized that the skeptical interpretation of Hume’s central argument about induction is problematic. The science of human nature presupposes that inductive inference is justified and there are endorsements of induction throughout Treatise Book I. The recent suggestion that I.iii.6 is confined to the psychology of inductive inference cannot account for the epistemic flavor of its claims that neither a genuine demonstration nor a non-question-begging inductive argument can establish the uniformity principle. For Hume, that inductive inference (...)
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  28.  48
    Psychology, epistemology, and skepticism in Hume’s argument about induction.Louis E. Loeb - 2006 - Synthese 152 (3):321-338.
    Since the mid-1970s, scholars have recognized that the skeptical interpretation of Hume's central argument about induction is problematic. The science of human nature presupposes that inductive inference is justified and there are endorsements of induction throughout "Treatise" Book I. The recent suggestion that I.iii.6 is confined to the psychology of inductive inference cannot account for the epistemic flavor of its claims that neither a genuine demonstration nor a non-question-begging inductive argument can establish the uniformity principle. For Hume, that inductive inference (...)
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  29. Causal theories and causal overdetermination.Louis E. Loeb - 1974 - Journal of Philosophy 71 (15):525-544.
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  30. Sextus, Descartes, Hume, and Peirce: On securing settled doxastic states.Louis E. Loeb - 1998 - Noûs 32 (2):205-230.
  31.  25
    Beyond transcendence in law and philosophy.Louis E. Wolcher - 2005 - Portland, Or.: Cavendish.
    What is the law of the law? What produces our craven subservience to linguistic norms, and our shocking indifference to the phenomenon of universal suffering? In a path-breaking new work of philosophy, Louis Wolcher seeks to answer these questions from the standpoint of Zen Buddhism. Bringing an Eastern sensibility into contact with three of the most important themes in Western philosophy, Beyond Transcendence in Law and Philosophy meticulously investigates three of the twentieth century's most important philosophers: Martin Heidegger - (...)
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  32.  33
    A Meditation on Wittgenstein’s Lecture on Ethics.Louis E. Wolcher - 1998 - Law and Critique 9 (1):3-35.
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  33.  4
    The Ethics of Justice Without Illusions.Louis E. Wolcher - 2016 - New York: Routledge.
    The founding premise of this book is that the nimbus of prestige which once surrounded the idea of justice has now been dimmed to such a degree that it is no longer sufficient to secure the possibility of a good conscience for those who undertake, in good faith, to make the world a better place in the spheres of politics and law. The many decent human beings who have noticed and experienced this diminishment of justice’s prestige find themselves in a (...)
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  34.  18
    Hume's Philosophy of Religion.Louis E. Loeb - 1981 - Philosophical Review 90 (2):283.
  35.  38
    Hume's Moral Sentiments and the Structure of the Treatise.Louis E. Loeb - 1977 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 15 (4):395.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Hume's Moral Sentiments and the Structure of the Treatise LOUIS E. LOEB ACCORDING TO NORMAN KEMP SMITH and Thomas Hearn, Hume classified moral sentiments as direct passions.' According to Pb.II A,rdal, Hume classified the basic moral sentiments of approval and disapproval of persons as indirect passions. if either of these interpretations is correct, there is an intimate connection between Books II and 111 of Hume's Treatise. This is (...)
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  36.  34
    Improving informed consent: Stakeholder views.Emily E. Anderson, Susan B. Newman & Alicia K. Matthews - 2017 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 8 (3):178-188.
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  37.  2
    A short unit on general semantics.Louis E. Glorfeld - 1969 - Beverly Hills [Calif.]: Glencoe Press.
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  38. Både--og.Louis E. Grandjean - 1957 - København,: Grandjeans publikationsfond.
     
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  39.  6
    Inductive Inference in Hume's Philosophy.Louis E. Loeb - 2008 - In Elizabeth S. Radcliffe (ed.), A Companion to Hume. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. pp. 106–125.
    This chapter contains section titled: Some Context The Traditional Interpretation Disarming the Evidence for the Traditional Interpretation Evidence that Hume Considers Inductive Inference Justified The Traditional Interpretation Revisited Hume's Epistemic Options Applications to Extended Objects and Belief in God Limitations on Enumerative Induction Acknowledgments References.
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  40.  50
    Hume on stability, justification, and unphilosophical probability.Louis E. Loeb - 1995 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 33 (1):101-132.
  41.  28
    Precis of defending biodiversity.Stefan Linquist, Gary Varner & Jonathan E. Newman - 2020 - Biology and Philosophy 35 (1):1-4.
    Why should governments or individuals invest time and resources in conserving biodiversity? A popular answer is that biodiversity has both instrumental value for humans and intrinsic value in its own right. Defending Biodiversity critically evaluates familiar arguments for these claims and finds that, at best, they provide good reasons for conserving particular species or regions. However, they fail to provide a strong justification for conserving biodiversity per se. Hence, either environmentalists must develop more compelling arguments for conserving biodiversity or else (...)
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  42. Epistemological Commitment in Hume's Treatise.Louis E. Loeb - 2013 - Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy 6:309-348.
  43. Integrating Hume’s Accounts of Belief and Justification.Louis E. Loeb - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 63 (2):279-303.
    Hume’s claim that a state is a belief is often intertwined---though without his remarking on this fact---with epistemic approval of the state. This requires explanation. Beliefs, in Hume’s view, are steady dispositions , nature’s provision for a steady influence on the will and action. Hume’s epistemic distinctions call attention to circumstances in which the presence of conflicting beliefs undermine a belief’s influence and thereby its natural function. On one version of this interpretation, to say that a belief is justified, ceteris (...)
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  44.  85
    What is Worth Preserving in the Kemp Smith Interpretation of Hume?Louis E. Loeb - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (4):769-797.
  45.  12
    Schooling Citizens amid Commerce, Fools, and Dilettantes.Louis E. Howe - 2006 - Political Theory 34 (5):634-640.
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  46. The designated mourner : The future of public administration's past.Louis E. Howe - 1998 - In Barbara L. Neuby (ed.), Relevancy of the Social Sciences in the Next Millennium. The State University of West Georgia.
     
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  47.  16
    Hume's Explanations of Meaningless Beliefs.Louis E. Loeb - 2001 - Philosophical Quarterly 51 (203):145-164.
  48.  9
    11. Is There Radical Dissimulation in Descartes’ Meditations?Louis E. Loeb - 1986 - In Amélie Oksenberg Rorty (ed.), Essays on Descartes’ Meditations. University of California Press. pp. 243-270.
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  49.  31
    Stability, Justification, and Hume’s Propensity to Ascribe Identity to Related Objects.Louis E. Loeb - 1991 - Philosophical Topics 19 (1):237-270.
  50. Comment présenter.Louis Émile Blanchet - 1970 - Québec,: Presses de l'Université Laval.
     
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