Results for 'Louise R. Chapman'

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Louise R. Chapman
Cambridge University
  1.  28
    “Music to the Ears of Weaklings”: Moral Hydraulics and the Unseating of Desire.Louise R. Chapman & Constantine Sandis - forthcoming - Manuscrito: Revista Internacional de Filosofía.
    Psychological eudaimonism (PE) is the view that we are constituted by a desire to avoid the harmful. This entails that coming to see a prospective or actual object of pursuit as harmful to us will unseat our positive evaluative belief about (and coinstantiated desire for) that object (§I). There is more than one way that such an 'unseating' of desire may be caused on an intellectualist picture (§II). This paper arbitrates between two readings of Socrates' 'attack on laziness' in the (...)
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  2.  18
    Ahn, W., 81 Martin, JH. 233 Alterman, R., 205 Medin, DL, 81 Bookman, LA, 205 Bordage, Cl., 185.H. P. A. Boshuizen, H. C. Boxsahin, D. Chapman, Z. Dienes, N. V. Findler, J. C. Glasgow, V. Goel, R. M. Pilkington, Rumelhart de & H. G. Schmidt - 1992 - Cognitive Science 16:583.
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  3.  13
    Alfred R. Mele.Antonio Moreno, Jana Aertsen, Bruce Chapman & Janet Landa - 1985 - Philosophy 60 (234).
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  4.  11
    William R. Jordon III and George M. Lubick. Making Nature Whole: A History of Ecological Restoration.Robert L. Chapman - 2013 - Environmental Ethics 35 (3):367-370.
  5.  8
    Book Review:Dictionary of Political Economy. R. H. Inglis Palgrave. [REVIEW]S. J. Chapman - 1900 - Ethics 11 (1):128.
  6.  2
    Dictionary of Political Economy, Edited by R. H. Inglis Palgrave. [REVIEW]S. J. Chapman - 1900 - Ethics 11:128.
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  7.  2
    Dictionary of Political Economy. R. H. Inglis Palgrave.S. J. Chapman - 1900 - International Journal of Ethics 11 (1):128-130.
  8.  17
    New Books. [REVIEW]Foster Watson, R. C., S. J. Chapman, F. H. Melville, M. D., J. S. Mackenzie, Herbert W. Blunt, H. T. Watt, John Edgar, W. J., M. L. & F. C. S. Schiller - 1908 - Mind 17 (65):114-135.
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  9.  2
    Affective Forecasting and Self-Rated Symptoms of Depression, Anxiety, and Hypomania: Evidence for a Dysphoric Forecasting Bias.Michael Hoerger, Stuart W. Quirk, Benjamin P. Chapman & Paul R. Duberstein - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (6):1098-1106.
  10.  6
    Addressing the Ethical Challenges of First in-Human Trials.Audrey R. Chapman - 2011 - Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 2 (4).
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  11. The Ethics of Patenting Human Embryonic Stem Cells.Audrey R. Chapman - 2009 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (3):pp. 261-288.
  12.  72
    Globalization, Human Rights, and the Social Determinants of Health.Audrey R. Chapman - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (2):97-111.
    Globalization, a process characterized by the growing interdependence of the world's people, impacts health systems and the social determinants of health in ways that are detrimental to health equity. In a world in which there are few countervailing normative and policy approaches to the dominant neoliberal regime underpinning globalization, the human rights paradigm constitutes a widely shared foundation for challenging globalization's effects. The substantive rights enumerated in human rights instruments include the right to the highest attainable level of physical and (...)
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  13.  6
    An Investigation of Reasoning by Analogy in Schizophrenia and Autism Spectrum Disorder.Daniel C. Krawczyk, Michelle R. Kandalaft, Nyaz Didehbani, Tandra T. Allen, M. Michelle McClelland, Carol A. Tamminga & Sandra B. Chapman - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  14.  21
    The Social Determinants of Health: Why We Should Care.Audrey R. Chapman - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (3):46-47.
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  15.  40
    A Passion of the Soul: An Introduction to Pain for Consciousness Researchers.C. R. Chapman & Yutaka Nakamura - 1999 - Consciousness and Cognition 8 (4):391-422.
    Pain is an important focus for consciousness research because it is an avenue for exploring somatic awareness, emotion, and the genesis of subjectivity. In principle, pain is awareness of tissue trauma, but pain can occur in the absence of identifiable injury, and sometimes substantive tissue injury produces no pain. The purpose of this paper is to help bridge pain research and consciousness studies. It reviews the basic sensory neurophysiology associated with tissue injury, including transduction, transmission, modulation, and central representation. In (...)
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  16.  34
    Inconsistency of Human Rights Approaches to Human Dignity with Transhumanism.Audrey R. Chapman - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (7):61-63.
  17.  64
    Evaluating the First-in-Human Clinical Trial of a Human Embryonic Stem Cell-Based Therapy.Audrey R. Chapman & Courtney C. Scala - 2012 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 22 (3):243-261.
    The transition of novel and potentially promising medical therapies into their initial human clinical trials can engender conflicting pressures. On the one side, because Phase I trials raise greater ethical and human protection challenges than later stage clinical trials, there is a need to proceed cautiously. This is particularly the case for Phase I trials with a novel therapy being tested in humans for the first time, usually termed first-in-human (FIH) trials, especially if the FIH trial involves significant risks. On (...)
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  18.  4
    “Music to the Ears of Weaklings”: Moral Hydraulics and the Unseating of Desire.Louise Rebecca Chapman & Constantine Sandis - 2018 - Manuscrito 41 (4):71-112.
    Psychological eudaimonism is the view that we are constituted by a desire to avoid the harmful. This entails that coming to see a prospective or actual object of pursuit as harmful to us will unseat our positive evaluative belief about that object. There is more than one way that such an 'unseating' of desire may be caused on an intellectualist picture. This paper arbitrates between two readings of Socrates' 'attack on laziness' in the Meno, with the aim of constructing a (...)
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  19.  3
    Patenting in the Public Interest: The California Institute for Regenerative Medicine Model.Audrey R. Chapman - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (12):61-63.
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  20.  13
    The Potential Contributions of Translational Research and Ethics.Audrey R. Chapman - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (3):64-66.
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  21.  63
    Measuring Pain: An Introspective Look at Introspection.Yutaka Nakamura & R. Chapman - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (4):582-592.
    The measurement of pain depends upon subjective reports, but we know very little about how research subjects or pain patients produce self-reported judgments. Representationalist assumptions dominate the field of pain research and lead to the critical conjecture that the person in pain examines the contents of consciousness before making a report about the sensory or affective magnitude of pain experience as well as about its nature. Most studies to date have investigated what Fechner termed “outer psychophysics”: the relationship between characteristics (...)
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  22.  8
    Ethical Guidelines for Genetic Research on Alcohol Addiction and Its Applications.Audrey R. Chapman, Adrian Carter, Jonathan M. Kaplan, Kylie Morphett & Wayne Hall - 2018 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 28 (1):1-22.
    The misuse of alcohol inflicts a major toll on individual users, their families, and the wider society. This includes disruptions of family life, violence, absenteeism and problems in the workplace, child neglect and abuse, and excess morbidity and mortality. The World Health Organization estimates that alcohol ranks eighth among global risk factors for death and is the third leading global risk factor for disease and disability. In the United States, alcohol dependence affects four to five percent of the population at (...)
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  23.  82
    The Diffusion of Medical Technology: Free Enterprise and Regulatory Models in the USA.A. E. James, S. Perry, S. E. Warner, J. E. Chapman & R. M. Zaner - 1991 - Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (3):150-155.
    The diffusion of technology in the US has taken place in an environment of both regulation and free enterprise. Each has been subject to manipulation by doctors and medical administrators that has fostered unprecedented ethical dilemmas and legal challenges. Understanding these developments and historical precedents may allow a more rational diffusion policy for medical technology in the future.
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  24.  40
    On Quine's 'so-Called Paradox'.J. M. Chapman & R. J. Butler - 1965 - Mind 74 (295):424-425.
  25.  3
    Immigration and Environment: Settling the Moral Boundaries.R. L. Chapman - 2000 - Environmental Values 9 (2):189-209.
    Large populations fuelled by immigration have damaging effects on natural environments. Utilitarian approaches to immigration are inadequate, since they fail to draw the appropriate boundaries between people, as are standard rights approaches buttressed by sovereignty concerns because they fail to include critical environmental concerns within their pantheon of rights. A right to a healthy environment is a basic/subsistence right to be enjoyed by everyone, resident and immigrant alike. Current political-economic arrangements reinforced by familiar ethical positions that support property rights and (...)
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  26.  5
    Improving Subject Safety in High-Risk Phase I Trials With Stem Cell-Based Candidate Therapies.Audrey R. Chapman - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 3 (2):18-20.
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  27.  22
    The Archaeology of DeathLa Mort, les Morts Dans les Societes anciennesMortality and Immortality: The Anthropology and Archaeology of DeathAspects of Death in Early Greek Art and PoetryMirrors of Mortality: Studies in the Social History of Death.S. R. F. Price, R. Chapman, G. Gnoli, J. -P. Vernant, S. C. Humphreys, H. King, E. Vermeule & J. Whaley - 1983 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 103:195.
  28.  3
    Psychological Intrusion – An Overlooked Aspect of Dental Fear.Helen R. Chapman & Nick Kirby-Turner - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  29.  6
    Strong Stripe Domains.J. N. Chapman, R. P. Ferrier & N. Toms - 1973 - Philosophical Magazine 28 (3):561-579.
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  30.  37
    Pain and Folk Theory.C. R. Chapman, Y. Nakakura & C. N. Chapman - 2000 - Brain and Mind 1 (2):209-222.
    Pain is not a primitive sensory event but rather a complexperception and a process by which a person interacts with theinternal and external environments, constructs meaning, andengages in action. Because folk beliefs are central to meaning,folk concepts of pain play multiple causal roles in a painpatient's interaction with health care providers and others.In every case, the notion of pain is linked to a goal-directedbehavior that is useful to the person. The wide variation inconcepts of pain across individuals suffering with painunderscores (...)
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  31.  3
    Refining Ethical Guidelines for Early Clinical Trials of Pluripotent Stem-Cell-Derived Therapeutics for Parkinson's Disease.Audrey R. Chapman - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 6 (1):65-66.
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  32.  13
    Correspondence.R. W. Chapman - 1912 - The Classical Review 26 (01):38-.
  33.  13
    Changes in Two EEG Rhythms During Mental Activity.Murray Glanzer, Robert M. Chapman, William H. Clark & Henry R. Bragdon - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (3):273.
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  34.  19
    Book Review of Introduction to U.S. Health Policy: The Organization, Financing and Delivery of Health Care in America by Donald A. Barr. [REVIEW]Audrey R. Chapman - 2008 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 3:9.
    Donald A. Barr's Introduction to U.S. Health Policy: The Organization, Financing, and Delivery of Health Care in America (second edition, 2007) offers a lucid and informative overview of the U.S. health system and the dilemmas policy makers currently face. Barr has provided a balanced introduction to the way health care is organized, financed, and delivered in the United States. The thirteen chapters of the book are quite comprehensive in the topics they cover. Even those knowledgeable about the U.S. health care (...)
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  35.  12
    Evaluating ESCROs: Perspectives From the University of Connecticut.Audrey R. Chapman - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (1):57-58.
  36.  15
    Can It Be Ethical to Apply Limited Resources in Low-Income Countries to Ineffective, Low-Reach Smoking Cessation Strategies? A Reply to Bitton and Eyal.S. Chapman & R. Mackenzie - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (1):29-37.
    Bitton and Eyal's lengthy critique of our article on unassisted cessation was premised on several straw-man arguments. These are corrected in our reply. It also confused the key concepts of efficacy and effectiveness in assessing the impact of cessation interventions and policies in real-world settings; ignored any consideration of reach (cost, consumer acceptability and accessibility) and failed to consider that clinical cessation interventions which fail more than they succeed also may ‘harm’ smokers by reducing agency. Our article addresses each of (...)
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  37.  9
    Keeping Friends Safe: A Prospective Study Examining Early Adolescent's Confidence and Support Networks.L. Buckley, R. L. Chapman, M. Sheehan & L. Cunningham - 2012 - Educational Studies 38 (4):373-381.
    There is a continued need to consider ways to prevent early adolescent engagement in a variety of harmful risk-taking behaviours for example, violence, road-related risks and alcohol use. The current prospective study examined adolescents? reports of intervening to try and stop friends? engagement in such behaviours among 207 early adolescents (mean age?=?13.51?years, 50.1% females). Findings showed that intervening behaviour after three months was predicted by the confidence to intervene which in turn was predicted by student and teacher support although not (...)
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  38.  12
    Plato, Rep. 369D.R. W. Chapman - 1936 - The Classical Review 50 (05):167-.
  39.  5
    The Goat-Stag and the Sphinx: The Place of the Virtues in Environmental Ethics.R. L. Chapman - 2002 - Environmental Values 11 (2):129-144.
    Standard virtue ethics approach to environmental issues do not go far enough because they often lack significant attachment to local environments. Place provides the necessary link that enlarges the arena of moral action by joining human well-being to a place -based goal of wildness or biotic harmony. Place defines a niche for human activity as part of nature. Virtuous action, then, is understood as deliberation from a position of being in and of the natural world; respect and gratitude are examples (...)
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  40.  4
    Noninvasive Prenatal Testing for Early Sex Identification: A Few Benefits and Many Concerns.Audrey R. Chapman & Peter A. Benn - 2013 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 56 (4):530-547.
  41.  3
    Strong Stripe Domains.J. N. Chapman & R. P. Ferrier - 1973 - Philosophical Magazine 28 (3):581-595.
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  42.  2
    Patenting Human Genes: Ethical and Policy Issues.Audrey R. Chapman - forthcoming - Bioethics for Scientists:265--278.
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  43.  1
    10 Human Dignity and the New Reproductive Technologies.Audrey R. Chapman - 2012 - In Stephen Dilley & Nathan J. Palpant (eds.), Human Dignity in Bioethics: From Worldviews to the Public Square. Routledge. pp. 13--201.
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  44. Disorders of Consciousness: A New Look at Suffering.C. R. Chapman & Y. Nakamura - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):S101 - S102.
  45. The Ethical Implications of the Social Determinants of Health: A Global Renaissance for Bioethics (Vol 23, Pg NIL_0002, 2009). [REVIEW]Audrey R. Chapman - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (4):261 - 261.
     
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  46. The Reconstruction of Education Quality, Equality and Control.J. Chapman, W. Boyd, R. Lander & D. Reynolds - 1997 - British Journal of Educational Studies 45 (3):327-328.
     
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  47. Evoked-Potentials and Parsing.Sm Garnsey, Mk Tanenhaus & R. Chapman - 1988 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (6):492-492.
  48. Preferred Verb Argument Structure in Sentence Comprehension-an Erp Study.S. M. Garnsey, M. K. Tanenhaus & R. M. Chapman - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (6):522-522.
     
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  49.  4
    Believe It or Not. Human Sperm Competition: Copulation, Masturbation and Infidelity (1995). R. Robin Baker and Mark A. Bellis. Chapman and Hall. Pp. Xvi+353. Price £45. ISBN 0‐412‐36920‐6. [REVIEW]Louise Barrett - 1996 - Bioessays 18 (4):338-339.
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  50.  47
    Book Review:Evaluating Research and Development I. R. Weschler, Paula Brown. [REVIEW]L. A. R. - 1954 - Philosophy of Science 21 (1):76-.
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