Results for 'Louise R. Chapman'

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Louise R. Chapman
Cambridge University
  1.  17
    Analytic Philosophy has a Language Problem.Filippo Contesi, Louise R. Chapman & Constantine Sandis - 2022 - Institute of Art and Ideas News.
  2.  10
    Believe It or Not. Human Sperm Competition: Copulation, Masturbation and Infidelity (1995). R. Robin Baker and Mark A. Bellis. Chapman and Hall. Pp. Xvi+353. Price £45. ISBN 0‐412‐36920‐6. [REVIEW]Louise Barrett - 1996 - Bioessays 18 (4):338-339.
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  3. Nomos XIV: Coercion.J. R. Pennock & J. W. Chapman (eds.) - 1972
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  4. The Logic of Human Personality: An Onto-Logical Account.Mary Louise R. O'Hara - 1997 - Atlantic Highlands, NJ, USA: Humanity Books.
    The Logic of Human Personality shows how the ancient definition of person remains useful today, and explains how it happened to fall into disuse. The method of using the categories of Aristotle is illustrated by showing how action, relation, and time as well as the fundamental category of substance, can help us understand what it is to be a person. The Logic of Human Personality agrues, against Mill and others who have found Aristotle's categories unsatisfactory, that in fact they are (...)
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  5. Nomos XXVIII: Justification.J. R. Pennock & J. W. Chapman (eds.) - 1986
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  6.  37
    New Books. [REVIEW]Foster Watson, R. C., S. J. Chapman, F. H. Melville, M. D., J. S. Mackenzie, Herbert W. Blunt, H. T. Watt, John Edgar, W. J., M. L. & F. C. S. Schiller - 1908 - Mind 17 (65):114-135.
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  7. Wrestling with Behavioral Genetics. Science Ethics and Public Conversation. Erik Parens, Audrey R. Chapman and Nancy Press . John Hopkins: Maryland, 2006. [REVIEW]Mairi Levitt - 2006 - Genomics, Society and Policy 2 (1):132-133.
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  8. Unconscious Bias or Deliberate Gatekeeping?Louise Chapman, Filippo Contesi & Constantine Sandis - 2021 - The Philosophers' Magazine (95):9-11.
  9.  16
    Review of Erik Parens, Audrey R. Chapman, and Nancy Press (Eds.), Wrestling with Behavioral Genetics: Science, Ethics, and Public Conversation : Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006. 376 Pp. $50.00, Hardback. [REVIEW]Jonathan P. Roiser - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (1):77-78.
  10. Tilly, Louise A., and Tilly, Charles, Eds., "Class Conflict and Collective Action". [REVIEW]Peggy R. Sanday - 1982 - Ethics 93:436.
     
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  11.  52
    Chapman's Ovids Banquet of Sence: Its Sources and Theme.Louise Vinge - 1975 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 38 (1):234-257.
  12. Human Sperm Competition: Copulation, Masturbation and Infidelity.R. Robin Baker, Mark A. Bellis & Louise Barrett - 1996 - Bioessays 18 (4):338-341.
     
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  13. “Music to the Ears of Weaklings”: Moral Hydraulics and the Unseating of Desire.Louise Rebecca Chapman & Constantine Sandis - 2018 - Manuscrito 41 (4):71-112.
    Psychological eudaimonism is the view that we are constituted by a desire to avoid the harmful. This entails that coming to see a prospective or actual object of pursuit as harmful to us will unseat our positive evaluative belief about that object. There is more than one way that such an 'unseating' of desire may be caused on an intellectualist picture. This paper arbitrates between two readings of Socrates' 'attack on laziness' in the Meno, with the aim of constructing a (...)
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  14. Conceptual Space Modeling for Space Event Characterization.Jeremy R. Chapman, David Kasmier, David Limbaugh, Stephen R. Gagnon, John L. Crassidis, James Llinas, Barry Smith & Alexander P. Cox - 2020 - IEEE 23rd International Conference on Information Fusion (FUSION).
    This paper provides a method for characterizing space events using the framework of conceptual spaces. We focus specifically on estimating and ranking the likelihood of collisions between space objects. The objective is to design an approach for anticipatory decision support for space operators who can take preventive actions on the basis of assessments of relative risk. To make this possible our approach draws on the fusion of both hard and soft data within a single decision support framework. Contextual data is (...)
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  15. Louise Marcil-Lacoste, Claude Buffier and Thomas Reid: Two Common-Sense Philosophers Reviewed By.R. S. Woolhouse - 1984 - Philosophy in Review 4 (1):29-31.
     
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  16.  24
    Book Review of Introduction to U.S. Health Policy: The Organization, Financing and Delivery of Health Care in America by Donald A. Barr. [REVIEW]Audrey R. Chapman - 2008 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 3:9.
    Donald A. Barr's Introduction to U.S. Health Policy: The Organization, Financing, and Delivery of Health Care in America (second edition, 2007) offers a lucid and informative overview of the U.S. health system and the dilemmas policy makers currently face. Barr has provided a balanced introduction to the way health care is organized, financed, and delivered in the United States. The thirteen chapters of the book are quite comprehensive in the topics they cover. Even those knowledgeable about the U.S. health care (...)
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  17.  20
    Chapman, Audrey R. Unprecedented Choices: Religious Ethics at the Frontiers of Genetic Science.Richard Benson - 2001 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 1 (4):649-650.
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  18.  33
    Addressing the Ethical Challenges of First in-Human Trials.Audrey R. Chapman - 2011 - Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 2 (4).
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  19.  29
    Tomorrow’s Child: Unlikely to Be Obsolete.Audrey R. Chapman - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (7):22-23.
    Volume 19, Issue 7, July 2019, Page 22-23.
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  20.  16
    When Going Beyond Gentle Nudges Is Legitimate.Audrey R. Chapman - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):68-69.
    Volume 19, Issue 5, May 2019, Page 68-69.
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  21.  80
    Globalization, Human Rights, and the Social Determinants of Health.Audrey R. Chapman - 2009 - Bioethics 23 (2):97-111.
    Globalization, a process characterized by the growing interdependence of the world's people, impacts health systems and the social determinants of health in ways that are detrimental to health equity. In a world in which there are few countervailing normative and policy approaches to the dominant neoliberal regime underpinning globalization, the human rights paradigm constitutes a widely shared foundation for challenging globalization's effects. The substantive rights enumerated in human rights instruments include the right to the highest attainable level of physical and (...)
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  22. Conceptual Spaces for Space Event Characterization Via Hard and Soft Data Fusion.Jeremy R. Chapman, David Kasmier, David Limbaugh, Stephen R. Gagnon, John Crassidis, James Llinas, Barry Smith & Alexander P. Cox - 2021 - AIAA (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics) Scitech 2021 Forum.
    The overall goal of the approach developed in this paper is to estimate the likelihood of a given kinetic kill scenario between hostile spacebased adversaries using the mathematical framework of Complex Conceptual Spaces Single Observation. Conceptual spaces are a cognitive model that provide a method for systematically and automatically mimicking human decision making. For accurate decisions to be made, the fusion of both hard and soft data into a single decision framework is required. This presents several challenges to this data (...)
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  23. Marie-Louise Ollier, Lexique et concordance de Chrétien de Troyes d'après la copie Guiot. Traitement informatique par Serge Lusignan, Charles Doutrelepont et Bernard Derval. Montreal: Institut d'Etudes Médiévales; Paris: Librairie Philosophique J. Vrin, 1986. Paper. Pp. lxxi, 209; 38 microfiches in endpaper flaps. F 396. [REVIEW]F. R. P. Akehurst - 1989 - Speculum 64 (1):202-204.
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  24.  1
    Unprecedented Choices: Religious Ethics at the Frontiers of Genetic Science.Audrey R. Chapman (ed.) - 1999 - Fortress Press.
    With vast new scientific and technological powers, we face unprecedented choices for which traditional ethics provide little direct guidance. What role can the religious community play in addressing the ethical and theological issues that even science now acknowledges as urgent?Chapman's work forges a method for integrating ethical reasoning with scientific data, focusing on four issues -- cloning, genetic engineering, patenting of life, and environmental alteration. For each, she reviews the work of religious thinkers, assesses the roles of the religious (...)
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  25.  66
    Louise Antony's Philosophers Without Gods: Meditations on Atheism and the Secular Life. [REVIEW]R. W. Fischer - 2009 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 66 (2):119-123.
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  26.  28
    The Social Determinants of Health: Why We Should Care.Audrey R. Chapman - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (3):46-47.
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  27.  48
    A Passion of the Soul: An Introduction to Pain for Consciousness Researchers.C. R. Chapman & Yutaka Nakamura - 1999 - Consciousness and Cognition 8 (4):391-422.
    Pain is an important focus for consciousness research because it is an avenue for exploring somatic awareness, emotion, and the genesis of subjectivity. In principle, pain is awareness of tissue trauma, but pain can occur in the absence of identifiable injury, and sometimes substantive tissue injury produces no pain. The purpose of this paper is to help bridge pain research and consciousness studies. It reviews the basic sensory neurophysiology associated with tissue injury, including transduction, transmission, modulation, and central representation. In (...)
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  28.  72
    Implementing Dempster-Shafer Theory for Property Similarity in Conceptual Spaces Modeling.Jeremy R. Chapman, John L. Crassidis, James Llinas, Barry Smith & David Kasmier - 2022 - Sensor Systems and Information Systems IV, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics (AIAA) SCITECH Forum 2022.
    Previous work has shown that the Complex Conceptual Spaces − Single Observation Mathematical framework is a useful tool for event characterization. This mathematical framework is developed on the basis of Conceptual Spaces and uses integer linear programming to find the needed similarity values. The work of this paper is focused primarily on space event characterization. In particular, the focus is on the ranking of threats for malicious space events such as a kinetic kill. To make the Conceptual Spaces framework work, (...)
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  29.  13
    Balancing Health Care Evidence and Art to Meet Clinical Needs: Policymakers' Perspectives.Louise E. Parker, Mona J. Ritchie, JoAnn E. Kirchner & Richard R. Owen - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (6):970-975.
  30.  11
    Brain Models in a Dish: Ethical Issues in Developing Brain Organoids.Audrey R. Chapman - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 10 (3):113-115.
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  31.  48
    On Quine's 'so-Called Paradox'.J. M. Chapman & R. J. Butler - 1965 - Mind 74 (295):424-425.
  32.  10
    Louise E. Robbins. Louis Pasteur and the Hidden World of Microbes. 144 Pp., Illus. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. $24 ; $11.95 .Edward Edelson. Gregor Mendel and the Roots of Genetics. 112 Pp., Illus. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. $24 ; $11.95 .James R. Voelkel. Johannes Kepler and the New Astronomy. 144 Pp., Illus. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001. $24 ; $11.95 .John L. Casti;, Werner DePauli. Gödel: A Life in Logic. 224 Pp., Illus. Cambridge, Mass.: Perseus Publishing, 2001. $11.55. [REVIEW]Bonnie Ellen Blustein - 2003 - Isis 94 (1):120-121.
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  33. Ahn, W., 81 Martin, JH. 233 Alterman, R., 205 Medin, DL, 81 Bookman, LA, 205 Bordage, Cl., 185.H. P. A. Boshuizen, H. C. Boxsahin, D. Chapman, Z. Dienes, N. V. Findler, J. C. Glasgow, V. Goel, R. M. Pilkington, Rumelhart de & H. G. Schmidt - 1992 - Cognitive Science 16:583.
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  34.  9
    Patenting in the Public Interest: The California Institute for Regenerative Medicine Model.Audrey R. Chapman - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (12):61-63.
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  35. New Additions to the Library's Holdings Week Ending September 7, 2009.Hugh R. Brady Murray, Jesse B. Hall, Tim Ambrose, Elizabeth M. Crooke, Elizabeth Crooke, Elaine Heumann Gurian, Louise Ravelli & Richard Sandell - 2005 - Political Theory 56:D47.
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  36.  18
    Atwell R. Turquette. Independent Axioms for Infinite-Valued Logic. The Journal of Symbolic Logic, Vol. 28 No. 3 , Pp. 217–221.Louise Hay - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (4):665.
  37.  28
    An Examination of the Perceived Impact of Flexible Work Arrangements on Professional Opportunities in Public Accounting.Jeffrey R. Cohen & Louise E. Single - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 32 (4):317 - 328.
    Since 1990, the multinational public accounting firms have all adopted flexible work arrangement policies. In part, the firms are doing this to fulfill an ethical obligation in creating an appropriate professional environment for their employees. This study examines the effect of participation in a flexible work arrangement program on an individual''s professional success and anticipated turnover as perceived by the participant''s peers and superiors. Subjects from one Big Five accounting firm read a description of a manager and answered a series (...)
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  38.  39
    Inconsistency of Human Rights Approaches to Human Dignity with Transhumanism.Audrey R. Chapman - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (7):61-63.
  39.  78
    Measuring Pain: An Introspective Look at Introspection.Yutaka Nakamura & R. Chapman - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (4):582-592.
    The measurement of pain depends upon subjective reports, but we know very little about how research subjects or pain patients produce self-reported judgments. Representationalist assumptions dominate the field of pain research and lead to the critical conjecture that the person in pain examines the contents of consciousness before making a report about the sensory or affective magnitude of pain experience as well as about its nature. Most studies to date have investigated what Fechner termed “outer psychophysics”: the relationship between characteristics (...)
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  40.  11
    A. R. Turquette. Solution to a Problem of Rose and Rosser. Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society, Vol. 12 , Pp. 253–255. [REVIEW]Louise Hay - 1966 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 31 (4):664-665.
  41.  21
    Psychotherapy Participants Show Increased Physiological Responsiveness to a Lab Stressor Relative to Matched Controls.Patrick R. Steffen, Louise Fidalgo, Dominic Schmuck, Yoko Tsui & Tracy Brown - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  42.  14
    Immigration and Environment: Settling the Moral Boundaries.R. L. Chapman - 2000 - Environmental Values 9 (2):189-209.
    Large populations fuelled by immigration have damaging effects on natural environments. Utilitarian approaches to immigration are inadequate, since they fail to draw the appropriate boundaries between people, as are standard rights approaches buttressed by sovereignty concerns because they fail to include critical environmental concerns within their pantheon of rights. A right to a healthy environment is a basic/subsistence right to be enjoyed by everyone, resident and immigrant alike. Current political-economic arrangements reinforced by familiar ethical positions that support property rights and (...)
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  43. The Ethics of Patenting Human Embryonic Stem Cells.Audrey R. Chapman - 2009 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (3):pp. 261-288.
  44.  69
    Evaluating the First-in-Human Clinical Trial of a Human Embryonic Stem Cell-Based Therapy.Audrey R. Chapman & Courtney C. Scala - 2012 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 22 (3):243-261.
    The transition of novel and potentially promising medical therapies into their initial human clinical trials can engender conflicting pressures. On the one side, because Phase I trials raise greater ethical and human protection challenges than later stage clinical trials, there is a need to proceed cautiously. This is particularly the case for Phase I trials with a novel therapy being tested in humans for the first time, usually termed first-in-human (FIH) trials, especially if the FIH trial involves significant risks. On (...)
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  45. W kręgu prywatności (J.R. Pennock, J.W. Chapman (eds.), Privacy).Ewa Falkowska - 1977 - Etyka 15:241-246.
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  46. Evoked-Potentials and Parsing.Sm Garnsey, Mk Tanenhaus & R. Chapman - 1988 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 26 (6):492-492.
  47.  28
    Can It Be Ethical to Apply Limited Resources in Low-Income Countries to Ineffective, Low-Reach Smoking Cessation Strategies? A Reply to Bitton and Eyal.S. Chapman & R. Mackenzie - 2012 - Public Health Ethics 5 (1):29-37.
    Bitton and Eyal's lengthy critique of our article on unassisted cessation was premised on several straw-man arguments. These are corrected in our reply. It also confused the key concepts of efficacy and effectiveness in assessing the impact of cessation interventions and policies in real-world settings; ignored any consideration of reach (cost, consumer acceptability and accessibility) and failed to consider that clinical cessation interventions which fail more than they succeed also may ‘harm’ smokers by reducing agency. Our article addresses each of (...)
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  48.  8
    Rethinking the Issue of Reparations for Black Americans.Audrey R. Chapman - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (3):235-242.
    Bioethics, Volume 36, Issue 3, Page 235-242, March 2022.
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  49.  24
    Changes in Two EEG Rhythms During Mental Activity.Murray Glanzer, Robert M. Chapman, William H. Clark & Henry R. Bragdon - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (3):273.
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  50. Commentary: Self-Oriented Empathy and Compassion Fatigue: The Serial Mediation of Dispositional Mindfulness and Counselor's Self-Efficacy.Helen R. Chapman - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
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